CN104472296A - Shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method - Google Patents

Shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104472296A
CN104472296A CN201410685883.4A CN201410685883A CN104472296A CN 104472296 A CN104472296 A CN 104472296A CN 201410685883 A CN201410685883 A CN 201410685883A CN 104472296 A CN104472296 A CN 104472296A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
irrigation
yellow horn
root
seedling
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Pending
Application number
CN201410685883.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张勇
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Silver Yue Biotechnology (shenzhen) Co Ltd
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Silver Yue Biotechnology (shenzhen) Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201410685883.4A priority Critical patent/CN104472296A/en
Publication of CN104472296A publication Critical patent/CN104472296A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/02Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots having a water reservoir, the main part thereof being located wholly around or directly beside the growth substrate

Abstract

The invention discloses a shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method and aims to provide a cultivation method which is low in costs, high in survival rate, and economical and practical, and can effectively facilitate large area cultivation of shiny-leaved yellowhorn in arid and semi-arid areas. The method sequentially includes the following steps that (1) a vigorous shiny-leaved yellowhorn seedling without plant diseases and insect pests is selected, a root system is free of damages and cleavage, and the seedling overground height is 30cm-60cm; (2) during planting, the plant distance is in a range from 1m to 4m, the line spacing is in a range from 2m to 4m, a pit with the width from 70cm to 90cm and the depth from 40cm to 70cm is dug, a self-irrigation water tank with the water collecting function is put in the pit, the seedling is put in middle of the tank, sandy soil backfilling is performed, base fertilizer is applied, and backfilling is performed for collecting moisture in the soil; the self-irrigation water tank with the water collecting function comprises a round degradable polypropylene container, the container 1 is provided with a pipeline that is provided with a water vapor condenser, and a capillary pipe is arranged at the bottom of the tank to be directly communicated with a ground surface so as to guide water to the plant root for trickle irrigation.

Description

Yellow horn is from irrigable culture method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of energy seeds culture technique especially a kind of relate to arid, semiarid zone yellow horn from irrigable culture method.
Background technology
The problems such as world today's lack of energy, environmental pollution, grain security are day by day serious in a kind of renewable green energy resources---biodiesel receives much concern.70% ~ 80% of biodiesel preparation cost comes from the bottleneck that cost of material raw material has become its industrialization; Target for realizing Biodiesel must have sufficient reproducible raw material supply.Forest Biomass Energy has that biomass is large, energy density is high, abundant species, once plant that to be benefited, not strive the advantages such as grain with people be for many years the ideal biological matter resource realizing extensive energy.Therefore the supply chain that the Forest Biomass Energy resource development eco-energy woods that the suitable uncultivated area of excavation is planted enriches biodiesel raw material seems particularly important.Be suitable for yellow horn in the seeds list of Biomass Energy Development in China of State Administration of Forestry's announcement and be confirmed as the Tree Species as Bio-energy of the only suitable development of northern China.
Past people to yellow horn resource utilize limited yellow horn only with edible oil and kernel for Chinese medicine.Enter the understanding of 21 century people to yellow horn to have had large increase " 15 " to start Chinese forest-science academy tissue to carry out research and extension yellow horn to China's main fuel oil woody plant yellow horn, Chinese pistache and extract biodiesel and bio-ethanol succeeds.The skyrocketing of international and domestic crude oil price causes identification yellow horn that relevant expert department develops ligniform biomass energy research more, Chinese pistache (south) is optimal selection.The woody matter in the whole nation produces that energy exploitation and application is being formed and yellow horn also more and more causes the attention of people with its significant ecological benefits economic benefit.Developing plantation yellow horn along with market has become a kind of trend of 21 century energy forest development.
Yellow horn (Xanthocera sorbifolia Bunge) has another name called Wen Guanhua, Wen Guanguo, Wen Guangguo, pawpaw, precipice pawpaw etc. and belongs to Sapindaceae yellow horn genus for defoliation small arbor or this genus of shrub only yellow horn one.It is maximum with provinces and regions quantity such as the Inner Mongol, Xinjiang, Shanxi, Shaanxi that yellow horn is that Chinese distinctive woody plant originates in northern China.Yellow horn happiness sun resistance to half is cloudy, and to soil suitability, barren-resistant, Salt And Alkali Tolerance cold tolerance strong Inner Mongol record-40 DEG C can safe overwintering very by force; Also there is scattered trees in the extremely strong area at annual rainfall only 150mm of drought-resistant ability.Yellow horn tree strong adaptability economic worth of many uses is high occupies critical role in the conceding the land to forestry of China's development of the West Regions.Therefore develop yellow horn edible, medicinal, planting trees on barren hills, to conserve water and soil etc. in have extremely profound significance.
Much and sturdy length of the flourishing side root of yellow horn main root is dark more than the 1m of one year seedling main root of the height of tree 1.5 times of yellow horns.Though sow bimestrial seedling height of seedling less than 30cm root deeply but reach 60cm become On Root Systems of Xanthoceras Sorbifoua prosperity in age not only to prick deeply but also distribution wide; The cortex of root accounts for 91% and can fully absorb and store moisture just as the outside of xylem encloses very thick one deck sponge.Be check winds and fix drifting sand, the fine tree species of Small Watershed Management and desertification treatment.Build yellow horn woods energetically to develop new oil plant woods have a high potential in the area that In The North of Xinjiang annual precipitation is less than 150mm.Yellow horn root has plump phloem tissue a kind of being applicable to carry out water-saving culture even without the fine tree species of irrigable culture.Study and promote significantly can reducing cost of forestation from irrigable culture technology and reducing artificial afforestration difficulty of yellow horn.
The features such as the distinctive oil plant seeds in the northern area of China, yellow horn has that growth is fast, strong stress resistance and wide adaptability wherein drought and water shortage be one of its output affected major control factor and also survive 30% in yellow horn plant be subject to xeothermic harm wherein 10% occur dead.Forefathers to yellow horn water saving cultivation technique research its research few mainly concentrate on yellow horn high-yield cultivating, introduce a fine variety, the aspect such as fine-variety breeding, tissue rapid propagation, plasm resource protection to yellow horn exempt to irrigate probe into very few up to now.
Zhuan Li (CN201010111027.X) relates to the shiny-leaved yellowhorn non-irrigation culture method of arid, semiarid zone.Its cultivation method comprises: selection of seedling: select healthy and strong yellow horn root turion seedling, dig fish scale pit, nursery stock is put into hole backfill and receive moisture in the soil, till distance 14cm ~ 16cm place, ground of banketing, tread and then cover into sand bed in tree well, then table soil is inserted to hole full and floating make real after water; Open-top receptacle is placed on nursery stock base portion, the bottom of described open-top receptacle is provided with a soakaway trench, and described soakaway trench and yellow horn root one piece imbed fish scale pit, and plantation 2 ~ 3 year domestic demands are poured water 2 ~ 3 times to device for collecting rain water every year, exempts to fill with after waiting yellow horn to grow into forest.Thunder is improved oneself (CN201210440626.5) provide a kind of drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn method, be by the root of yellow horn nursery stock after the root-inducing powder aqueous solution soaking of mass concentration 2-6%, plant and be not less than 50 × 50cm in area 2hole in, and place and suction the water-loss reducer of water, lid earthing 1-2cm centimetre, fertilising, gently carries sapling, then lid earthing, treads, waters; Or yellow horn seed is carried out vernalization process, hilum side direction is planted and is not less than 50 × 50cm in area 2hole in, and place in hole and suction the water-loss reducer of water, cover loam 1-1.5cm, fertilising, then lid earthing, tread, water.The emphasis such as Luo Jianguo support technology to the rain that yellow horn has carried out studying by inquiry the while that water-saving culture test having carried out system research to the situation such as collection rain ability, soil moisture content change, plant percent, storage rate, Growth status growth of yellow horn the habit of growth of yellow horn, annidation probes into applicable Changji regional development yellow horn.
Research and extension from the irrigation technique application of yellow horn can accelerate Xinjiang arid greatly, deserted mountain, semiarid zone green water and soil conservation oil plant medicine increases foundation and promotes that forestry economic development generation positive role promotes regional economy and develops the high unity realizing economic benefit social benefit and ecological benefits while improving the ecological environment from the natural energy resources seeds economic forest filled with for a long time.
Summary of the invention
A kind of solving from irrigable culture method the problem reduced costs in Main Cultivation link and effectively expand Xinjiang yellow horn area under cultivation is newly the object of the present invention is to provide for above-mentioned deficiency.
Technical scheme provided by the invention is such: this yellow horn, from irrigable culture method, comprises the following steps successively:
(1) selection of seedling: select healthy and strong without damage by disease and insect yellow horn nursery stock, root system not damaged, splitting, nursery stock ground is highly 30cm ~ 60cm;
(3) to dig pit field planting: when planting, spacing in the rows is 1m ~ 4m, line-spacing is 2m ~ 4m, digging wide is 70cm ~ 90cm, deeply for nursery stock is put into backfill sandy soil basal dressing in the middle of casing and backfill receipts moisture in the soil with putting in hole from irrigation water tank of water collecting function by the hole of 40cm ~ 70cm specification;
Described comprise a circular degradable polypropylene container with water collecting function from irrigation water case, described container is provided with one for being provided with the pipeline of water vapour coagulator, is provided with a capillary and leads directly to the root that ground Jiang Shui is directed to plant and carry out drip irrigation at the bottom of case.
Further, above-mentioned yellow horn is from irrigable culture method, and the described water tank of irrigation certainly with water collecting function is the circular biodegradable polypropylene container of a diameter 60 centimetres.
Further, above-mentioned yellow horn is from irrigable culture method, and described biological degradation polypropylene containers material is degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material.
Further, above-mentioned yellow horn is from irrigable culture method, and described water vapour coagulator is the tree-shaped water vapour coagulator be made up of multi beam water suction bar.
Compared with prior art technical scheme provided by the invention has following technological merit:
1) technology of the present invention effectively can promote the commerial growing of arid, semiarid zone yellow horn, and cost is low, survival rate is high, economical and practical.From irrigation water tank, moisture wherein can not be dissipated, change desert mesoclimate environment, be beneficial to vegetation existence; The rainwater-collecting of preciousness gets up by water collecting structure; Drip irrigation structure improves the availability of water; Even if with water collecting function from irrigate water tank can catch condensate water in rainwater and air for plant provide water source like this regional plant the most arid in the world also can survive.
2) with water collecting function from irrigating water tank energy protective plant, wind-engaging, weeds and rodentine infringement, in equal natural environment, do not improve the survival rate of sapling.Along with plant grow up day by day its root system also a little in depth under finally can rely on oneself root system obtain underground water.
3) drip irrigation pipe be directly connected to plant root from reality high efficiency to a great extent irrigates and improve vegetation survive probability if large-scale promotion uses and plants local economy crop and can also improve its integrated production capacity.
4) with water collecting function from irrigation water box material be degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material.Casing can decompose the nutrient be finally converted in soil gradually can not to environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is provided by the invention from irrigation water box structure schematic diagram;
Wherein: container 1; Water vapour coagulator 2; Pipeline 3; Capillary 4.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment claim of the present invention is described in further detail but the amendment not forming anyone limited number of time made within the scope of the claims in the present invention of any limitation of the invention still within claims of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Select healthy and strong yellow horn root turion seedling, nursery stock is highly 30cm on the ground; When planting, spacing in the rows to be 3m line-spacing be 4m digs pit footpath is 80cm is the hole of 70cm deeply, water tank of certainly irrigating with water collecting function is put in hole, nursery stock is put into righting in the middle of casing, seedling root will be unfolded, backfill sandy soil are executed containing chelating amino acids medium trace element (calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, boron, molybdenum, phosphorus) high potassium punching fertilising, and moisture in the soil is received in backfill.
Described consult Fig. 1 with water collecting function from irrigation water box structure, to be a length the be circular degradable polypropylene container 1 of 60 centimetres, described biological degradation polypropylene containers material is degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material; Container 1 is provided with a pipeline 2 above, pipeline 2 is provided with water vapour coagulator 3, described water vapour coagulator to be absorbed water the tree-shaped water vapour coagulator that forms of bar by multi beam, and water vapour coagulator 3 is collected the dewdrop in morning and flow into the inner chamber that rainwater that the surface of the inner chamber casing of casing and water vapour coagulator collect and condensate water are accumulated in casing along pipeline downwards.Root that ground Jiang Shui is directed to plant carries out drip irrigation to have a capillary 4 to lead directly at the bottom of case.
Embodiment 2
Select healthy and strong yellow horn root turion seedling, nursery stock is highly 30cm ~ 60cm on the ground; When planting, spacing in the rows to be 2m line-spacing be 3m digs pit footpath is 70cm is the hole of 60cm deeply, water tank of certainly irrigating with water collecting function is put in hole, nursery stock is put into righting in the middle of casing, seedling root will be unfolded, backfill sandy soil are executed containing chelating amino acids medium trace element (calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, boron, molybdenum, phosphorus) high potassium punching fertilising, and moisture in the soil is received in backfill.
Described consult Fig. 1 with water collecting function from irrigation water box structure, to be a length the be circular degradable polypropylene container 1 of 60 centimetres, described biological degradation polypropylene containers material is degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material; Container 1 above has a pipeline 2, and pipeline 2 is provided with water vapour coagulator 3, and water vapour coagulator 3 is collected the dewdrop in morning and flow into the inner chamber that rainwater that the surface of the inner chamber casing of casing and water vapour coagulator collect and condensate water are accumulated in casing along pipeline downwards.Root that ground Jiang Shui is directed to plant carries out drip irrigation to have a capillary to lead directly at the bottom of case.
Embodiment 3
Select healthy and strong yellow horn root turion seedling, nursery stock is highly 30cm ~ 60cm on the ground; When planting, spacing in the rows to be 1m line-spacing be 2m digs pit footpath is 60cm is the hole of 70cm deeply, water tank of certainly irrigating with water collecting function is put in hole, nursery stock is put in the middle of casing, righting seedling root will be unfolded, backfill sandy soil are executed containing chelating amino acids medium trace element (calcium, magnesium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, boron, molybdenum, phosphorus) high potassium punching fertilising, and moisture in the soil is received in backfill.
Described consult Fig. 1 with water collecting function from irrigation water box structure, to be a length the be circular degradable polypropylene container 1 of 60 centimetres, described biological degradation polypropylene containers material is degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material; Container 1 has a pipeline 2 above, pipeline 2 is provided with water vapour coagulator 3, described water vapour coagulator to be absorbed water the tree-shaped water vapour coagulator that forms of bar by multi beam, and water vapour coagulator 3 is collected the dewdrop in morning and flow into the inner chamber that rainwater that the surface of the inner chamber casing of casing and water vapour coagulator collect and condensate water are accumulated in casing along pipeline downwards.Root that ground Jiang Shui is directed to plant carries out drip irrigation to have a capillary to lead directly at the bottom of case.

Claims (4)

1. yellow horn is from an irrigable culture method, it is characterized in that, comprises the following steps successively:
(1) selection of seedling: select healthy and strong without damage by disease and insect yellow horn nursery stock, root system not damaged, splitting, nursery stock ground is highly 30cm ~ 60cm;
(2) to dig pit field planting: when planting, spacing in the rows is 1m ~ 4m, line-spacing is 2m ~ 4m, and digging wide is 70cm ~ 90cm, is the hole of 40cm ~ 70cm specification deeply, water tank of certainly irrigating with water collecting function is put in hole, nursery stock is put into backfill sandy soil basal dressing in the middle of casing and backfill and receive moisture in the soil;
Described comprise a circular degradable polypropylene container (1) with water collecting function from irrigation water case, described container (1) is provided with one for being provided with the pipeline (3) of water vapour coagulator (2), is provided with the root that the straight-through ground Jiang Shui of a capillary (4) is directed to plant and carries out drip irrigation at the bottom of case.
2. yellow horn as claimed in claim 1 is from irrigable culture method, it is characterized in that, the described water tank of irrigation certainly with water collecting function is the circular biodegradable polypropylene container of a diameter 60 centimetres.
3. yellow horn as claimed in claim 2 is from irrigable culture method, and it is characterized in that, described biological degradation polypropylene containers material is degradable starch/polypropylene degradable composite material.
4. yellow horn as claimed in claim 1 is from irrigable culture method, it is characterized in that, described water vapour coagulator is the tree-shaped water vapour coagulator be made up of multi beam water suction bar.
CN201410685883.4A 2014-11-25 2014-11-25 Shiny-leaved yellowhorn self-irrigation cultivation method Pending CN104472296A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105990A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 大连民族大学 A kind of cultural method of xeothermic area Lignum Xanthoceratis

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU4553385A (en) * 1984-07-26 1986-01-30 Reay, C.H. Device for watering plants
CN101019500A (en) * 2006-04-29 2007-08-22 张正梁 'Wick' type garden rain water collector
CN101223857A (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-07-23 北京欣智奕灌溉科技开发有限公司 Automatic flooding irrigator and method thereof for raw water
CN101843204A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-09-29 石河子大学 Shiny-leaved yellowhorn non-irrigation culture method
CN202759940U (en) * 2012-09-22 2013-03-06 山东科技大学 Water collection micro-irrigation device for desert plants
CN102986499A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-03-27 黑龙江海昌生物技术有限公司 Self-powered and cold air-assisted water-drawing self-irrigation system based on ground surface temperature difference
CN103371089A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-30 屈海山 Manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AU4553385A (en) * 1984-07-26 1986-01-30 Reay, C.H. Device for watering plants
CN101019500A (en) * 2006-04-29 2007-08-22 张正梁 'Wick' type garden rain water collector
CN101223857A (en) * 2007-01-19 2008-07-23 北京欣智奕灌溉科技开发有限公司 Automatic flooding irrigator and method thereof for raw water
CN101843204A (en) * 2010-02-10 2010-09-29 石河子大学 Shiny-leaved yellowhorn non-irrigation culture method
CN103371089A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-30 屈海山 Manual dew collection drip irrigation and purification of urban air and automobile exhaust
CN202759940U (en) * 2012-09-22 2013-03-06 山东科技大学 Water collection micro-irrigation device for desert plants
CN102986499A (en) * 2012-11-07 2013-03-27 黑龙江海昌生物技术有限公司 Self-powered and cold air-assisted water-drawing self-irrigation system based on ground surface temperature difference

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106105990A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 大连民族大学 A kind of cultural method of xeothermic area Lignum Xanthoceratis

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