CN201846648U - Low-carbon oxygen-making solar energy and wind energy intelligent ecological plant indoor and outdoor air replacement device - Google Patents

Low-carbon oxygen-making solar energy and wind energy intelligent ecological plant indoor and outdoor air replacement device Download PDF

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CN201846648U
CN201846648U CN2010205593759U CN201020559375U CN201846648U CN 201846648 U CN201846648 U CN 201846648U CN 2010205593759 U CN2010205593759 U CN 2010205593759U CN 201020559375 U CN201020559375 U CN 201020559375U CN 201846648 U CN201846648 U CN 201846648U
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plant
air
photosynthesis
wind
formwork
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江素霞
张泽彤
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江素霞
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a low-carbon oxygen-making solar energy and wind energy intelligent ecological plant indoor and outdoor air replacement device which at least comprises a support body, a plant photosynthesis module embedded in the support body, a plant irrigation waterway system and an air replacement wind path system, wherein the support body comprises a load-bearing support part, an energy part and an intelligent control part; and the plant photosynthesis module is combined by a formwork, a plant photosynthesis matrix, a scalable covering film coated on the outer side of the plant photosynthesis matrix and plants planted into the formwork, and plant implantation reserved holes are distributed on the plant photosynthesis matrix. The device combines the air-conditioning technology, the solar energy and wind energy technology, the intelligent control technology, the irrigation technology and the cultivation technology and the plant photosynthesis, so that waste gas of an air conditioner, and carbon dioxide and harmful gas in the atmosphere can be absorbed and solidified, so as to change the quality of air, improve the oxygen content in the air, relieve the urban heat island effect; and the device can be used for all types of air conditioners, air-conditioning systems, road guardrails, forest cities, afforestation and families.

Description

Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of commercial and civilian indoor-outdoor air displacer of multipurpose that is used for indoor and outdoor air-conditioning system, building energy conservation, carbonic acid gas utilization, pernicious gas utilization, freeway guardrail, urban road guardrail, solar wind-energy application, urban afforestation, forest city, minimizing urban heat land effect, the three-dimensional gardens of family expenses (vegetable garden).
Background technology
1, building energy conservation: the Chinese architecture energy consumption accounts for 28% of national energy consumption consumption, and wherein public building accounts for 21.7% of building energy consumption, and the building energy consumption total amount rises greatly and year by year.(seeing the building energy consumption-xuwei of Chinese Research Institute for Building Sciences China).On the one hand because central air-conditioning, domestic air conditioning can not in time replenish carbonic acid gas and pernicious gas content is low, oxygen gas content is high air conditioner fresh air, air-flow muddy in the city that the building high density is concentrated constantly circulates in air-conditioning system, the direct inlet chamber of waste gas that also has air-conditioning system to discharge has quickened the air-polluting degree outward, it is again that multiple factor influences each other results of interaction that air quality worsens: conditioned space considers to require " sealingization " from energy-conservation angle.Caused the fresh air deficiency, although corresponding criteria limit is arranged, actual new wind is ubiquity still inadequately.The sealingization of conditioned space makes compound that indoor equipment, finishing material and human body distribute, organic matter, bacterium, peculiar smell etc., and in time accumulation, concentration increase; The pressure of conditioned space air condition changes, and makes various pollution source be able to rapid diffusion, has caused aerial suspended material to increase, being waved of sedimentation, the not free settling that has suspended.Because the hot wet process and the filtration of air-conditioning system, be of value to the corresponding minimizing of ozone of natural mode in the air with anion, the effect of the sterilization that anion and ozone played, sterilization, inhibition decomposition and fresh air also reduces thereupon, and airborne bacteria containing amount increases in comparison.The common filter of air-conditioning system can only receive dust bigger in the air, and to numerous bacteriums, organic compound and inoperative, a large amount of puffballs are along with return air circulates, constantly pollution room air repeatedly.Air-conditioning system equipment itself exists more serious inside puffball to pollute, and is the hotbed of various growth of microorganism, is the distribution centre and the transmission device of harmful substance.Comprehensive above reason, the factor that causes indoor air quality to worsen concentrates on that new wind is of poor quality, the outdoor pollution in the pollution of indoor generation, inlet chamber and four aspects of pollution of air-conditioning system itself generation, they influence each other, interact, what unilateral increasing resh air requirement, the pollution that does not solve outdoor pollution in the pollution, inlet chamber of the indoor generation in market and air-conditioning system generation itself did not reach expection yet improves the indoor air quality effect; Strengthening resh air requirement and energy efficient on the other hand is a pair of contradiction, strengthens resh air requirement, particularly under the bigger situation of the indoor and outdoor temperature difference in summer (winter), will cause the increase of air conditioning energy consumption.
2, auto-pollution: the environmental pollution of road traffic mainly is divided into traffic noise, atmospheric pollution, three main aspects of traffic vibration.Road traffic noise is by giving birth to by the automobile mass-sending of road and propagate into road random noise along the line, be characterized in that size is irregular, and amplitude of fluctuation being big.Automobile is the mobile generation source of atmospheric pollution, by the pollutant of motor vehicle emission hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, hydronitrogen, leadization thing, particulate matter etc. is arranged.Increasing sharply of urban population and motor vehicles makes that the rapid raising of content concn of carbonic acid gas has aggravated urban heat land effect greatly in the urban air, also is the primary pollution source of urban air pollution.Existing urban highway traffic guardrail, only played buffer action, without any reducing carbon dioxide content, system oxygen, reduce noise, the environment-friendly function of absorption dust, and enormous amount, cost is high, adopt metal or nonmetal manufacturing no matter be, all need great deal of raw materials, manufacture process also can produce a large amount of carbonic acid gas, and environment is damaged.
3, forest city: the Chinese Urbanization level has reached 36.2% at present, expects 2010 and will reach 50%~60% respectively in 2020, and national when the time comes population may reach l3.8 hundred million and l5.0 hundred million respectively, and the city total population reaches 6.9 hundred million and 9.0.Urbanization is modern significant process and sign; when bringing rapid progress to society; also brought the social environment problem of making us being very worried, as population explosion, shortage of resources, energy crisis, acute housing shortage, employment difficulty, traffic congestion and environmental deterioration etc. to the city.Add that the city is in exploitation and process of construction, artificial intensity utilization, toxic gas and photochemical fogs such as a large amount of discharging flue dust, dust, S02, cause a series of environmental problems such as urban atmospheric pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, light pollution, acid rain pollution, tropical island effect, severe exacerbation city and surrounding area ecotope, aggravate disruption of ecological balance, influenced city dweller's physical and mental health, threatened the existence and the sustainable development in city.The development forest needs the soil to need into current with plant, therefore can not solve the city environmental pollution problem as early as possible.There are some researches show, but plant discharges large quantity of moisture simultaneously by a large amount of heat energy in the transpiration absorbing environmental, the 1hm2 greenery patches can absorb the heat of 81.8 megajoules in summer from environment, is equivalent to the refrigeration of l89 platform air conditioner full-time employment.Corresponding is, but tree crown reflecting part terrestrial surface radiation in the winter time can reduce thermal loss, and winter, the temperature in greenery patches did not exceed about 1.C than there being greening ground.Noise is a kind of special air pollution.About green screen weaken the noise effect problem, a lot of researchs and investigation were once arranged.According to surveying and determination, the woods in blocks of Urban Parks can reduce by 26~43 decibels of noises; The street of greening is than 1 0~20 decibels of the minimizing noises that does not have greening.Particularly the street of skyscraper does not have the pavement of trees higher 5 times than timbered.Along the street between house and the street, leave the wide area plantation greening of 5~7m, can lower noise l5~25 decibel of vehicular traffic.Trees have the obstruct and the absorption of machinery to propagation of noise.Therefore, forest cover is a kind of " green silencer ".After deliberation, all types of urban green spaces of difference in functionality have the noise reduction effect that has nothing in common with each other.Street green area generally can weaken noise 0.7~3dB (A), and wherein Qiao, filling, flowers and plants collocation type effect are obvious.Can weaken 0.9~7.1 dB (A) to the curbside dwelling house respectively to the 3rd buildings from Stall, the high climing effect of 98 pairs of second floors is the most obvious.And tall effect of irritating the grass collocation is five times of arbor type effect.General public lawn (sheet woods) different distance can weaken l.2~1 1.1 dB (A) of noise, and simple wood chip woods 20m is with interior DeGrain, and the above effect of 40m is withered and shown the tall matrix woods of irritating, and since 1 0m obvious effect is just arranged.The sound absorption lower on lawn is better than eminence, but with the increase of distance, all has certain noise reduction effect.(Zhang Zhiqiang-Beijing Forestry University)
4, alleviate tropical island effect: according to the face of land, Beijing temperature of weather center, Beijing making 13: 58 on the 5th July in 2010
Degree satellite remote sensing figure shows, tropical island effect makes most of flat area, Beijing surface temperature at 48 ° more than the C, and the small part area surpasses 54 ° of C, and this shows that solving tropical island effect has arrived instant degree, and is extremely urgent; Air-conditioning (comprising air draft, garage, kitchen) waste gas pollutes urban air and has quickened urban heat land effect, therefore improve the Air Conditioning quality, introduce new air displacement mode, use low-carbon environment-friendly green energy conservation product, will help alleviating urban heat island effect.
5, carbonic acid gas utilizes technology: China's energy consumption and environmental protection have become the significant problem with international influence.For common reply Global climate change, at Copenhagen meeting eve, China seriously promises to undertake to the world, to per GDP CO2 emissions in 2020 than decline 40%-45% in 2005.5 tons per capita in the set of number explanation CO2 emissions China that sun city, the world secretary of association long vehicle Er Busituo provides.California, USA university Berkeley branch school in 2010 and two scholars in branch school, San Diego deliver report and claim, China has replaced the U.S. becomes the maximum CO2 emission state in the whole world.The solid carbon method that extensively adopts is afforested exactly at present, the afforestation of the 2001-2004 whole nation safeguards that construction fund pays 1137.3 hundred million yuan according to statistics, the carbon that 603.5 hundred million yuan (the Chou Baoxing vice-minister of Ministry of Construction speech in the advanced commendatory meeting of afforestation on 04 19th, 2006) gives full play to garden plants more than the summation of the enforcement period of the ninth five-year plan converges (forest absorbs and the ability of storing carbon dioxide) function, greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (carbonic acid gas is main) are stored in plant rhizosphere or the soil---actively enlarging carbon and converge, is lower-cost one of the carbon approach that subtracts.The performance carbon solidification effect is vegetation and soil in the greenery patches, constant in order to guarantee that greenery patches carbon converges, need reasonable plantation, maintenance and after-culture, avoid occurring the rapid release of carbon, but urban land and soil condition are extremely limited, and large tracts of land is consolidated the carbon greening fast and is subjected to plant survival rate, soil condition, the restriction of factors such as quantities directly influences afforestation effect.
The greenery patches, gardens is by transpiration of vegetation and the ground and the air themperature of sheltering from heat or light and can reduce the city.The greenery patches of building periphery can effectively reduce the energy consumption of building.What the trees of Atlanta metropolitan area provided shelters from heat or light, and can save 2,800,000 dollars energy expenditure every year for the city.In the Edinburg, wind break can make the office building heating energy consumption reduce 16%-42%.The analog study of Baton Rouge, Sacramento and salt lake city is found, if each household is all planted 4 arbors, will make the annual carbon emission that reduces 16000t, 41000t and 9000t of local power plant.
6, be compared with the prior art:
6.1 plant walls, also claim green wall green wall or living wall, it is the body of wall of forming with green plants, Green Screen and G-SKY belong to provides green wall technology, be to utilize the superpower adaptive ability of the root system of plant, make occurring in nature inhabit plant growing on the level land in vertical building wall to growing environment.
6.2 roof greening and green wall similar performance, different places is applied to the roof to green wall technology exactly.Above technology is not specially there be not interface, maintenance inconvenient at the technology of carbonic acid gas utilization, not removable and air-conditioning system, is not the plant electromechanical integration equipment.There are the cost height in green wall or roof greening, and construction is complicated, and the implementation cycle is long, plant life is changed the maintenance difficulty, can't move as required, can not duplicate production on a large scale, plant makes building structure increase extra load, the gained plant leaf area is limited, need the architectural factors considered too many in the popularization, also will increase water-proofing treatment, the labour cost height, therefore the popularization cycle is long, process is complicated, and degree of difficulty is big.Green wall small product size is big, can't move, and therefore can't be applied to road guard.
6.3 indoor removable plant furniture, not the waste gas of air conditioner carbonic acid gas as the utilization of resources, be the finishing mode of a kind of indoor employing plant.
6.4 plant cultivation technology comprises: cultivation by conduit is that the PVC tubing that utilizes people to be easy to get is assembled into the container that is fit to cultivation and combines with the extensive adaptability of soilless culture, carries out various cultivation of plants activities.These culture techniques all are applied to green booth, different fully with ecology air displacer purpose, not the carbonic acid gas application technology as the second resource, for plant grows up fast, also need some carbonic acid gas of artificial manufacturing to satisfy the needs of photosynthesis of plant in the middle of the plant cultivation process.
6.5 the solar wind-energy generating: take a large amount of areas soil, equipment volume is big, can select practical product kind scarcity.
6.6 existing all air conditioner energy savings all are to consider conservation measures from existing air-conditioning equipment in building, do not consider solution from outdoor air conditioner fresh air inlet temperature and air quality.It is just not removable that existing in addition central air conditioner system is installed the back, can't select the position of outdoor fresh wind port, exhaust outlet, causes new wind wind temperature height in summer, and winter is low, thereby causes air conditioner fresh air energy consumption height, and oxygen content is low, and the air-treatment power consumption is excessive.Air-conditioning total-heat exchanger (HRV) is done discontiguous exchange heat to air-conditioning air draft and air conditioner fresh air in interchanger, for example the outdoor new wind-warm syndrome degree in summer is higher than the air-conditioning temperature of outgoing air, reduce new wind-warm syndrome degree through total-heat exchanger, reduced the energy consumption that new wind needs when air-conditioning is handled, because new wind air channel and return airway are isolated mutually, the air quality of new wind is not influenced by return air.Variable air quantity (VSD) air-conditioning unit send, exhaust blower, changes rotation speed of fan thereby change change blower fan frequency according to air conditioner load, reaches the part purpose of energy saving.Above technology can reduce the energy consumption that the new wind of part is handled, but can not change the content of carbonic acid gas and oxygen in the new wind air, if new wind itself is taken from contaminated air, side can't ensure air quality, existing in addition air-conditioning technical is not made oxygen, reduce indoor carbon dioxide, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, benzene, dimethylbenzene, the turbid air that the function of sulphur dioxide chlorine and harmful gas emission, air-conditioning are discharged on the contrary secondary pollution the atmosphere in city, aggravated urban heat land effect.
6.7 green house plant planting technology and plant regulatory technology are very ripe, but the place that green house requires is big, the equipment complexity, the cost height, plant cultivation technology is not also walked out the booth circle, without any three-dimensional garden that can be for household use, vegetable garden product, photosynthesis of plant are not used in that carbonic acid gas solidifies and system oxygen purposes yet.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer, solve the technological difficulties problem of existing air conditioner fresh air power-saving technology complexity, energy consumption height, air quality difference; Solve the urban air pollution that vehicle exhaust causes, road guard does not have the technical problem of environment protecting; Solve the contradiction that development forest city lacks the soil, popularize the technological difficulties problem of vertical planting in the city, and alleviating urban heat island effect to a certain extent.
For achieving the above object, the utility model adopts following technical scheme:
This low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer, the photosynthesis of plant module, the plant which comprises at least supporter, are embedded in the supporter are irrigated water circuit system and air displacement air path system; Supporter is made up of support bracket part, energy part and intelligent control part; Energy part is powered to AC/DC changeover switch by solar panel and wind-driven generator, AC/DC changeover switch is connected with water pump with Direct Digital DDC controller, the signals collecting input of Direct Digital DDC controller is connected with humidity sensor with placing photosynthesis of plant matrix temperature inside sensor respectively, and the control control signal output of described Direct Digital DDC controller is connected with the switch of water pump with total water valve respectively;
The photosynthesis of plant module is formed by formwork, photosynthesis of plant matrix, the overlay film expanded that is wrapped in the photosynthesis of plant matrix outside and the plant society of planting into formwork; Be distributed with plant on the photosynthesis of plant matrix and implant preformed hole, can expand overlay film and implant the corresponding overlay film preformed hole that is distributed with of preformed hole with plant, plant in the overlay film preformed hole into plant is arranged, be furnished with respectively on the upper and lower shell wall of formwork with plant and irrigate corresponding irrigation hole and the osculum of water circuit system;
Described plant is irrigated the irrigation arm that water circuit system comprises water tank, water pump, filter, total water valve, the water supply person in charge who is connected with water tank, backwater is responsible for and be connected with the water supply person in charge, described irrigation arm is corresponding with the irrigation hole on the formwork, and backwater is responsible for corresponding with osculum under the formwork;
Described air displacement air path system comprises and is installed on supporter rear and the turbid air pipe line of air displacement that is communicated with turbid wind one side and is communicated with it and is installed on the air displacement fresh wind port in the space between each module of supporter front side.
Described support bracket places in the cabinet, support bracket is formed by connecting by column and formwork connector, column is spaced on the cabinet base plate, be intervally distributed with installing hole on the column, column is connected with the cabinet base plate is vertical with the cabinet top board respectively at two ends up and down, the bottom surface of cabinet base plate is equipped with wheel, and the formwork connector is connected on the column at interval, and is connected with the photosynthesis of plant module.
Be provided with the pressure pin of the hinged band drawer runner of column on the described column in pairs or be provided with and the cross-coupled crossbeam of column, be distributed with installing hole on described crossbeam, the column; Formwork is connected on the pressure pin or crossbeam of band drawer runner, and perhaps direct and formwork connector articulates; Described formwork dual-side or end face both sides are connected with handle, perhaps are connected with hanging part on formwork.
The water pump power source that described plant is irrigated water circuit system is external power supply, solar panel or wind-driven generator, solar panel all is connected with water pump with controller by AC/DC changeover switch with wind-driven generator, described controller is a Direct Digital DDC controller, the signals collecting end of described Direct Digital DDC controller is connected with humidity sensor with placing photosynthesis of plant matrix temperature inside sensor respectively, and the control end of described Direct Digital DDC controller is connected with the switch of water pump with total water valve respectively.
It is drip irrigation water route pipe network, pouring water route pipe network or capillary irrigation pipe network that described plant is irrigated water circuit system; Be connected with one irrigation between the irrigation hole of described formwork end face and add substrate grooves, the irrigation branch road of described drip irrigation water route pipe network adopts irrigates arm, and correspondence has the drip irrigation groove at the formwork end face of photosynthesis of plant module, irrigating arm is horizontally placed in the drip irrigation groove on the several rows of photosynthesis of plant module, irrigate on the arm and be distributed with permeable hole, permeable hole and irrigation hole are oppositely arranged.
The irrigation branch road of described pouring water route pipe network adopts tank, and tank is arranged at the photosynthesis of plant module top of the superiors, and the irrigation of tank and photosynthesis of plant module and interpolation substrate grooves are oppositely arranged;
The irrigation arm of described capillary irrigation pipe network adopts directly and the capillary of photosynthesis of plant matrix internal communication.
Described supporter single face is installed photosynthesis of plant module or two-sided installation photosynthesis of plant module, and during two-sided installation photosynthesis of plant module, solar panel is installed on the supporter top; The formwork of photosynthesis of plant module is square, rectangle, trapezoidal, band many prismatics in inclined-plane or pipeline, and the end face of formwork is uncovered or sealing, and perhaps end face and front are uncovered shape.
Vertically be connected with plant drawer division board in the middle of the described supporter, before the plant drawer division board that the photosynthesis of plant module is installed on, heater, Direct Digital DDC controller, air displacement air path system, solar panel, AC/DC changeover switch all are installed on after the plant drawer division board.
Lighting unit, bulb and heater also are installed on the described supporter, bulb is connected with power supply, solar panel or wind-driven generator with heater, lighting unit is installed on the supporter top, bulb is connected in the top of lighting unit, described solar panel is installed on the supporter back side or end face, wind-driven generator is installed on the supporter top, and AC/DC changeover switch and Direct Digital DDC controller are installed on the supporter bottom.
Described support bracket places in the cabinet, is connected with the road guard accessory between two cabinets of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer.
Described support bracket places in the cabinet, and described cabinet side is connected with hinge, is connected by hinge between two or more low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacers.
Compared with prior art the utlity model has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
1. characteristics of energy saving and beneficial effect:
1.1 be of value to air conditioner energy saving:
The utility model is considered energy-conservation indoor with raising from temperature and brand-new angle of air quality of reducing (raising) air conditioner fresh air
The complicated technical problem of outer air quality.At first replace by low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air
Device improves the temperature and the air quality of the local subenvironment of air-conditioner fresh air inlet, 1 ℃ of air conditioner fresh air inlet temperature every reduction in summer, can save the air conditioning energy consumption of utilities building greatly, the function that the absorbing carbon dioxide of plant and other pernicious gases discharge oxygen is simultaneously directly benefited the atmospheric environment of air-conditioning system interior of building and building periphery, this product can use many low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacers to improve air displacement dynamics and subenvironment cooling-down effect according to actual conditions single face or two-sided planting plant.Arbor can really energy-conservation 9 degree, the effects of reduced temperature that is equivalent to 1000 watts air-conditioning work generation in 24 hours, the displacement of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air can be played 1 environmental effect to many arbors, directly save the energy, reduce air conditioner fresh air and handle required energy consumption.(adviser of State Council, the Chinese principal expert of forest-science academy contain bright red in the 7th Chinese city forest forum speech on April 27th-28,2010)
The energy that low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer is saved new wind processing can calculate by following formula: air-conditioning thermic load: Heating load=cfm x 1.08 x (ti-t0)/3412 (kwh)
Air-conditioning refrigeration duty: Cooling load=cfm x 4.5 x (ti-t0)/3412 (kwh)
(ti-t0)---indoor/outdoor temperature-difference (℃), ti indoor temperature, t0 outdoor temperature.
Suppose not have the air conditioner fresh air load in summer of air matter ventilation to be L1, had the air conditioner fresh air load in summer of outdoor air matter ventilation to be L2, indoor temperature is 22 C °, and outdoor temperature t01 is 30 C °, when being 26 C ° through the outdoor temperature t02 after the ventilation of air matter, following equation is set up:
L1/L2?=?(cfm?x?1.08?x?(ti-t01)?/3412)/(?cfm?x?4.5?x?(ti-t02)?/3412?(kwh))
=(ti-t01)/?(ti-t02)
=2
This result shows that air conditioner load L2 only is 50% of air conditioner fresh air load L1.
If when being 28 C ° through the outdoor temperature t02 after the ventilation of air matter, following equation is set up:
L1/L2?=?(cfm?x?1.08?x?(ti-t01)?/3412)/(?cfm?x?4.5?x?(ti-t02)?/3412?(kwh))
=(ti-t01)/?(ti-t02)
=4/3
L2?=?3/4?L1
This result shows that air conditioner load L2 also has only 3/4 of air conditioner fresh air load L1.
Following formula can prove that also indoor/outdoor temperature-difference plays an important role to ventilation loads
H?=?Ht?+?Hv?+?Hi?(1)
where
H?=?overall?heat?loss?(W)
Ht?=?heat?loss?due?to?transmission?through?walls,?windows,?doors,?floors?and?more?(W)
Hv?=?heat?loss?caused?by?ventilation?(W)
Hi?=?heat?loss?caused?by?infiltration?(W)
Hv?=?Cp*ρ*qv*(ti-t0)
Hv----ventilation energy consumption (W)
Cp---design factor (J/kg.K)
ρ---atmospheric density (Kg/M 3)
Qv----air coefficient (M 3/ S)
(ti-t0)---indoor/outdoor temperature-difference (℃), ti indoor temperature, t0 outdoor temperature.
If the temperature difference (ti-t0) is more little, it is just few more to handle the used energy consumption of new wind.Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer can be made subenvironment at fresh wind port periphery, and fresh wind port subenvironment temperature reduces by 2 ℃ ~ 4 ℃ in summer just can save 20% ~ 40% energy consumption in theory.Account for 20 ~ 30% of building total energy consumption according to relevant data air conditioner fresh air energy consumption, therefore the utility model adopts new mode can save quite a few of building total energy consumption, if the low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer quantity that drops into is many more, subenvironment is changed great efforts, it is just many that summer temp reduces, the effect that stops low temperature winter is just strong, thereby the energy consumption of saving is very considerable.
From the angle calculation of electric energy consumption, be that the specific heat of 1.2kg/m^3 air is 0.24 card/gram * degree for the air averag density, one 30 square metres, by the space of 100 cubic metres considerations, 1 ℃ of needs 100*1.2*1000*0.24=28800cal lowers the temperature
28800*4.2=120960J, 120960/4500=27s, 27/3600*1.6=0.012 degree.So get rid of extraneous thermal source influence, low 1 ℃ of needs, 0.012 degree of perfect condition therapeutic method to keep the adverse qi flowing downward temperature drop in the heat insulation fully confined space.Calculate if account for 30% electricity charge of total building energy consumption according to national commercial building air-conditioning, can and alleviate the power tense problem for user and country's saving a huge sum of money.
1.2 be of value to the extensive use of solar energy, wind energy power technology:
The utility model is ecocity road guard of new generation, freeway guardrail, can make full use of road illumination abundance, ventilation
Solar energy, wind power generation on the good condition low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer equipment
Function can obtain the high efficiency performance and use, and does not take valuable land resources simultaneously.The ecology air displacer also is too simultaneously
Sun can (wind energy) generating equipment because air-conditioning exhaust outlet and fresh wind port generally are located at outdoor or roof, renewable sources of energy sunlight or
The wind resource abundance, solar panel can be this power devices when adopting monolateral plantation plant, unnecessary electric energy can also be failed
Go out.Be positioned over outdoor ecology air displacer and can be ecological air displacement simultaneously as solar energy (wind energy) generating equipment
Device provides power supply, for building nearby provides illumination or other electricity consumptions, has so not only solved the air-polluting problem but also can obtain simultaneously
Get solar energy (wind energy) electric power.
2. carbonic acid gas utilization and carbon system oxygen characteristics and beneficial effect admittedly:
The multi-faceted solar energy that utilizes of ecology air displacer, at first the transform light energy process that is realized by plant light and effect is used
In the absorption of carbonic acid gas and pernicious gas, the release of oxygen also utilizes solar electrical energy generation to cross over subject technology simultaneously and interpenetrates, and therefore reaches the effect that environmental protection and using energy source mutually combine.Photosynthesis of plant has following characteristics:
Photosynthetic formula overall reaction: CO 2+ H 2018 → (CH 2O)+O 218
Attention: the oxygen that photosynthesis discharges is all from water, and photosynthetic product is not only carbohydrate, also have amino acid (no protein), fat, so photosynthate should be an organic matter.
Each step is divided reaction:
H 20 → H+ O 2(photodissociation of water)
NADP++2e-+H+ → NADPH(passs hydrogen)
ADP → ATP (passing energy)
CO 2+ C 5Compound → C 3Compound (fixing of carbonic acid gas)
C 3Compound → (CH 2O)+C 5Compound (organic generation)
Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer can be by different specifications and growth
Floristics calculate (reduction) fixed amount of carbonic acid gas according to the forest reserves method and discharge the amount of oxygen, according to light
Cooperation calculates that with equation the every generation 1 gram dry matter of forest needs 1.63 gram carbonic acid gas, and discharges 1.2 gram oxygen.Each low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer
Average annual carbon amount (absorbing carbon dioxide amount)=dry matter year increment x 1.63 admittedly
Average annual oxygen making amount (release amount of oxygen)=dry matter year increment x 1.2
Next step work is on this basis the solid carbon amount oxygen making amount of every equipment to be obtained concrete data, thereby low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer quantity and its low-carbon (LC) system that reaches oxygen environment that can estimate installation are imitated, and perhaps calculate the low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer quantity of required installation according to the specific targets of low carbon emission reduction.It will play positive role in sustainable development, the ecological balance, building energy conservation, all many-sides of alleviating urban heat island effect.
Improve the air-conditioning indoor environmental quality 2.1 be of value to:
Modern industrialization makes the rapid increase of the concentration of carbonic acid gas in atmosphere not only cause the ratio of oxygen and carbonic acid gas in the atmosphere
Unbalance, and directly jeopardize people's healthy and life.People will feel that headache, tinnitus, blood pressure increase after its content rises, and the serious people's death by poisoning that can also make is died.Existing air conditioner fresh air is got the air port and is subjected to building up the building restriction, can't select to get the wind position, gets the temperature of tuyere position air and energy consumption and the air-conditioning quality that quality directly has influence on air-treatment.The resh air requirement that enters air-conditioning system when outdoor air is with serious pollution also has the pollution of same degree, the air that circulatory and respiratory oxygen content low carbon content is high constitutes a serious threat to health repeatedly, directly sneaks in the outside atmosphere by the waste gas of central air conditioning discharge building in addition outdoor environment is caused new pollution.When being applied to air-conditioning system, can directly send institute's carbonated in the waste gas of air conditioner and harmful gas in the photosynthesis of plant modular unit plant, plant absorbs these waste gas of air conditioner by photosynthesis, become waste gas of air conditioner in this chemical reaction process and be vegetable manure, plant discharges a large amount of oxygen in photosynthesis simultaneously, and the oxygen of plant in time adds to the air quality that has improved ecology air displacer periphery in atmosphere and the air-conditioning system.Photosynthesis is exactly that green plants absorbs luminous energy under the irradiation of solar source or electric light source, utilizes carbonic acid gas to become organic matter (carbohydrate) to change solar energy into chemical energy with hydration, and discharges oxygen.Photosynthesis of plants can absorb Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide, and the ecology air displacer is at air-conditioning and be that the supply that reduces Carbon Dioxide in Air concentration and increase oxygen makes the two ratio reach the key of balance on every side.Summer is a part of heat of plant in can consumed cabin air when the water evaporates of plant leaf, and the ecology air displacer can make temperature reduce, and many more effects to environment temperature reduction that the ecology air displacer is placed are obvious more.This technology is brought the new power save mode of air-conditioning system, natural way is saved air conditioner refrigerating and the spending of heating energy consumption, by utilizing photosynthesis of plants, replenish the deficiency of original air conditioning mode in brand-new ecological mode, the indoor-outdoor air environmental quality can be improved comprehensively, the harmonious effect of man and nature can also be reached simultaneously.
At present the building air conditioning power-saving technology that adopts is based upon and adopts that traditional HVAC is technical to carry out more accurate management to power consumption and control, but to carbon dioxide in air and other pernicious gases without any conduct, common way is by venting practice pernicious gas to be done row's ventilation to handle, pernicious gas can not be assimilated, oxygen can not be made.The new wind air inlet of air-conditioning system and waste gas exhaust outlet can't be predicted outdoor natural ecological environment when design, therefore can not select with air inlet and exhaust outlet be installed in have plant growing the place, the ecology air displacer can arbitrarily move, and only needing in the time of enforcement that the ecology air displacer is shifted onto the precalculated position can address this problem.The ecology air displacer is as the air cleaner of the outdoor new wind of air-conditioning system, be placed on the fresh wind port certain distance in, temperature and humidity in the time of can bringing into play plant decreasing temperature and increasing humidity benefit conditioning chamber external environment air and enter fresh wind port, absorbing carbon dioxide, discharge oxygen and regulate the carbon and oxygen balance of surrounding air, the benefit that lays the dust of performance plant, discharge material with bactericidal action, this serial electromechanical equipment irrealizable adjusting and control to air quality, be equal to outdoor air entered and done once cooling before the fresh flue, the processing of filtering can reduce the energy that air handling process consumes; Indoor interpolation ecology air displacer in air-conditioning system carries out once more low-carbon (LC), purification filtering to room air, makes more oxygen supply with the interior space of building; Return air inlet ecology air displacer in air-conditioning system can reduce the pollution level of waste gas of air conditioner in air-return duct, makes that part of return air that mixes with new wind, can low-carbon (LC), hyperoxia, cleaning; Can reduce the pollution level of the waste gas of air conditioner of building at the outdoor ecology air displacer of the exhaust outlet of air-conditioning system, play the positive role of alleviating city thermal conductance effect, ecological, environmental protective urban atmosphere.
2.2 the utility model can substitute existing metal or nonmetal road guard, become road guard of new generation, with traffic carbonic acid gas curing apparatus, become the first road filter of automobile air pollution source, the polluted air replacing that motor vehicle emission is gone out is an oxygen, high efficiency absorption pernicious gas plays beautification and greening highway and urban road, has reached the purpose of environmental protection again.Can be when the ecology air displacer is applied to road guard all right dust suction noise reduction of the timely low-carbon (LC) of the carbonic acid gas that automobile produces in the road driving process (Gu carbon) system oxygen; the present situation of the urban road both sides being endured to the fullest extent air and noise pollution has positive improvement; will play very positive environment protecting in big city and the serious transport hub of air pollution, reduce urban heat land effect to a certain extent.
3. green wall and fast greening characteristics and beneficial effect can flow:
The utility model can help to realize the target in forest city, and the purpose of greening is exactly a displaced air, and the air displacement device can substitute
The function of part forest, by the data analysis to the municipal pollution situation, formulation subtracts the carbon number amount, and the configuration of carbon number amount is corresponding according to subtracting
The air displacement device of quantity.The utility model does not need soil in blocks just can improve environment, low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer vertical cultivation plant, high efficiency has been utilized the space, only uses scrappy urban land, just can realize forest The Surroundings in Cities effect.The mode that adopts plant landscape is the important economic again mode of low-carbon energy-saving and environmental protection, utilizes the special chemical functional of plant to go to reduce municipal pollution, and improving the inhabitation quality is the general way in the present whole world; But urban population is intensive, and building is concentrated, and the soil is limited, adopts traditional greening mode space extremely limited.The utility model key of problem of hitting can solve plant growth environment, vertical cultivation, the plant variety variation will have the air displacement of pollution to become oxygen, can large-scale production, transport conveniently, safeguard simple, intelligent centralized management, solar wind-energy power supply.No matter city size is much, how high building is, and density is much, needs the local far and near of air displacement, can use.The ability and the plant variety of the displacement of air displacement device, equipment size, area ecological environment has direct relation, will be tandem product therefore.Plant unit module volume is little, convenient transportation, can select different plants, can be that the rank vegetation also can be economic class plant, can large-scale production in green house, convenient simultaneously artificial maintenance keeps the normal photosynthesis mechanism of plant, therefore can afforest some areas or street rapidly, the greening on traditional soil has a lot of remarkable advantages.
4. the solid growth characteristics and the beneficial effect of land utilization rate that be multiplied:
4.1 three-dimensional garden (vegetable garden) brings the tremendous economic added value:
The photosynthesis of plant module is that plant carries out photosynthetic basic module, because healthy healthy and strong plant just can normally carry out photosynthetic chemical reaction, therefore the maintenance to plant becomes day-to-day work, the convenience that the characteristic of photosynthesis of plant module provides above function to implement, can ensure the operate as normal of ecology air displacer, the flexible combination of photosynthesis of plant module has given new life for ancient plant and up-to-date plant cultivation technology, the ecology air displacer is selected flexibly plant, and therefore having existing photosynthesis of plant can absorb specific gas again, many commercial uses, the advantage that can be sold by large-scale production.
Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer application prospect market in civil area is huge, when the plant of plant module plantation is flower (vegetables), it is exactly three-dimensional flower (dish) garden, be the equipment that each average family all has a dream of, can place at home or on the balcony, flower (vegetables) dish can be by buy seedling in the supermarket, just as buying flower seedling, buy and be placed in the establishing, oneself plantation not have pollution not have the green vegetables of heavy metal.Obtain more oxygen simultaneously and improve domestic environment.About 300 hundred million of indoor flower market, the whole nation, potted plant vegetables market walk " selling well " (2010-8-10 of Chinese Enterprise News Network) Huimin County Ma Dian town dike mouth Liu Cun peasant Liu Liming more than 30 kind of colzas such as leek, capsicum, water spinaches in flowerpot, sell to cities such as Beijing, Jinan, 30 yuan of every basin vegetables prices are in great demand on the market very much.
The plant module also can be planted medicinal plant, has a extensive future in a word.
Build green wall and fix, M R cost height, very difficult industrialization is duplicated, also just can not suitability for industrialized production, can't be connected with air-conditioning system.The ecology air displacer can be contained the major function of building green wall, can arbitrarily form various geometric figures, still builds all functions that green wall and Green Roof do not contain the ecology air displacer, can not finish the operating characteristic of ecology air displacer.
4.2 the multiple utilization of highway becomes possibility: can be at highway both sides plantation diversified economy crop such as tealeaves, performance low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer high efficiency is utilized the vertical cultivation advantage in soil, for society creates more wealth.Being equal to has increased by 1 times to several times utilized farming land resources (size that depends on equipment), change traditional plant cultivation simultaneously and utilized pattern, do not need heavy excavation soil, the work of plantation trees, fruit tree, vegetables, all adopt the industrialization production of producing extensively, only need be transported to on-the-spot assembling, the both purpose of the plantation that can realize a plan to low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer prefabricated in factory and plant growing module.Therefore low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer has the huge social beneficial effect, production many more, and the soil of increase is many more, and vertical cultivation has been applied to the Nature in the greenhouse.
5. open up complex art application characteristics and beneficial effect:
Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer for the plant growing module provide one passable
Standardization, the hardware unit that quantizes no matter adopt which kind of planting type, can adopt the mode of biology modules to be fit into low
Carbon system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer has extremely strong flexibility, and each unit can root
Select the different integral effect difference that the unit is selected according to needs.Because the gas that different plants produces and absorbs in photosynthesis
The body difference, around this principle the ecology air displacer can be selected the adjustable composition of air of plant by planting different plants, thereby improve the oxygenous composition of air, reduce air institute's carbonated and pernicious gas composition, be controlled in the design objective scope by ecology air displacer air quality, reach green building indoor environment standard, satisfy the environment sustainable development target of ecological, environmental protective, energy-saving low-carbon.The technical characterictic of ecology air displacer can be classified, classify, classifies according to planting type according to the plant density leaf area according to floristics by being made people ecology air displacer plant module, the gas that photosynthesis of plant under the different mode classifications is produced carries out the data acquisition arrangement, and then realizes the incorporate industrialization of ecological vegetable electromechanical equipment, standardization, standardization.The ecology air displacer combines the HVAC engineering with the photosynthesis and the plant cultivation technology of plant growing, the function of green house is concentrated in a cabinet (dish) structure, in the air processor of indoor and outdoor air-conditioning unit and any kind of, increase the ecology air displacer, make plant become organic matter (carbohydrate) to change luminous energy (solar source or lighting source) into chemical energy with hydration and the process that discharges oxygen is designed production as industrial products absorbing the light-use carbonic acid gas, the photosynthesis of plant module of ecology air displacer adopts the conceptual design of industrialization drawer, thereby it is easy to maintenance, centralized production on a large scale, the technology of being convenient to is promoted, install easily and transportation, with the commercial form supply the market.Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer makes two different fields of engineering and plant cultivation technology that the intersection point of combination arranged; heliotechnics; wind technology is applied in the same product; air-treatment is brought up to air-conditioning from original engineering processing mode (this mode can not change the contained gas componant of air) to be increased the ecology air displacer and reduces the air various harmful gases as carbonic acid gas when keeping original processing mode; formaldehyde Formaldehyde; carbon monoxide; benzene; dimethylbenzene; sulphur dioxide; the discharge capacity of chlorine; improve the content of oxygen in the air simultaneously; the ecology air displacer also can play the minimizing noise; absorptive thermal radiation; preserve the ecological environment; alleviating urban heat island effect; make and utilize the photosynthesis of plant principle rationally to utilize CO 2 waste gas to reach the balance of ecotope in the architectural engineering, replenish airborne oxygen.This technical characterictic is with the carbonic acid gas recycling and be applicable to that HVAC engineering, building energy conservation environmental protection, road environmental protection greening and solar wind-energy generating develop simultaneously, slow down the different energy-saving and environmental protecting field of urban heat land effect, be the product that comprises the intensive integrated application of high-tech of HVAC technology, hothouse plants culture technique, solar energy (wind energy) generation technology, plant cultivation administrative skill, purposes contains commercial and civil area is electronic product and the integrated product that combines of ecological vegetable product.
The utlity model has following advantage:
1, can change local environment air quality and environmental temperature, improve the quality that central air conditioning obtains new wind, reduce new summer
The wind-warm syndrome degree improves new wind-warm syndrome degree winter, can save air conditioner fresh air energy consumption about 20%~40%, increases the Air Conditioning quality simultaneously.Air-conditioning technical and photosynthesis of plant combine, utilize carbonic acid gas as resource, plant produces oxygen under photosynthesis, absorb the great amount of carbon dioxide and the harmful gas that exist in the waste gas of air conditioner, change air quality, improve the air oxygen content, reduce the pollution simultaneously energy-saving and environmental protecting of waste gas of air conditioner environment, because air conditioning energy consumption market accounts for 30% of building total energy consumption, so energy-saving significance is far-reaching.
2, can be used as ecocity road guard of new generation, freeway guardrail, absorb the tail gas system oxygen that automobile is discharged, reduce city environmental pollution, can also prevent and treat noise pollution, and cheap.The highway market share is 10,000,000,000 RMB according to incompletely statistics.
3, can be used as on a large scale movably natural, ecological plant environment, serve forest city, urban afforestation product, alleviating urban heat island effect.The input incomplete statistics of urban afforestation is at 1,000 hundred million yuan.
4, can enlarge the application of solar wind-energy, solar energy (wind energy) power generation plate by fritter connects into solar electrical energy generation highway guipure, makes full use of the sufficient condition generating of highway solar (wind energy).
5, created the condition of the different plants of every equipment cultivation being cooked further detailed data analysis, thereby obtained the cooperation in time of every equipment, enlarged the product range of application, opened up new research field with low-carbon (LC) amount and the concrete quantized data of oxygen making amount.
6, can support three-dimensional garden and vegetable garden, for average family provides vegetable supply and improves indoor environment, beautify life staying idle at home, can support various plant cultivation methods, the new space of the developing civilian commerce of economic plants, multi-disciplinary technology is in conjunction with reaching the multiple energy-saving environment protecting, this technical characterictic is adapted at plant modular unit plantation economic crops such as vegetables, fruit, for the user provides organic pollution-free green economic crops, become the indispensable green equipment of comprehensive family, create huge economy and social environment benefit.
7, can become city or rural households and pollute, simultaneously as home unit solar energy (or wind energy) generating equipment with low-carbon (LC) system oxygen, air conditioning purge, minimizing city noise.
8, the characteristics of this technology are standardization, the industrialization abilities with electromechanical equipment, have realized the required every technical support of plant growing cultivation in cabinet (dish) structure of industrialization pattern, concentrate the green greenhouse cultivation technology in greenhouse in cabinet (dish).
9, the utility model engineering is prefabricated, assembling is versatile and flexible, it is simple, cheap to install, and can move arbitrarily and select the installation site, safeguards simply, only the photosynthesis of plant module need be extracted out to get final product, and required time is short, the efficient height.
10, applied widely, the ecology air displacer can be used for commercial use and comprises that existing all types of air-conditioners (comprising: the indoor and outdoor air-conditioner now, whole, split-type air conditioner device, packaged air conditioner, listed and unlisted, the air-conditioner of all dissimilar, different titles) and on the air-conditioning system, but be not limited thereto, can also be applied to the garage, the urban road guardrail, freeway guardrail, the engineering and the place of forest city and any low-carbon (LC), system oxygen, solar energy (wind energy) generating.Can also be civilian, become family garden or vegetable garden, for the city dweller provides green harmless organic vegetable and beautifies life staying idle at home.The ecology air displacer can use separately also and can a plurality of connections use jointly, can a shared water source and intelligent centralized control system when a plurality of common use, ecology air displacer product is changeable through the combination scale, both can be used for the extensive artificial ecotope of making, and also can be used for partial air conditioning and change artificial environment among a small circle.
11, can use separately and also can be linked to be network and use.
12, can on a large scale, change the traditional plant cultivation mode.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a fundamental diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is each modular construction schematic diagram of ecology air displacer.
Fig. 3 is photosynthesis of plant module and support figure scheme of installation one.
Fig. 4 is the side-looking scheme of installation of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram one.
Fig. 6 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram two.
Fig. 7 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram three.
Fig. 8 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram four.
Fig. 9 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram five.
Figure 10 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram six.
Figure 11 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram seven.
Figure 12 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram eight.
Figure 13 is a photosynthesis of plant module assembling schematic diagram nine.
Figure 14 is a photosynthesis of plant module drip irrigation schematic diagram.
Figure 15 is a photosynthesis of plant module pouring schematic diagram.
Figure 16 is the test of photosynthesis of plant module temp. and humidity and adds matrix schematic diagram one.
Figure 17 is the test of photosynthesis of plant module temp. and humidity and adds matrix schematic diagram two.
Figure 18 is a photosynthesis of plant mainboard structure schematic diagram one.
Figure 19 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 18.
Figure 20 is a photosynthesis of plant mainboard photosynthesis of plant module arrangement schematic diagram one.
Figure 21 is a photosynthesis of plant mainboard photosynthesis of plant module arrangement schematic diagram two.
Figure 22 is a photosynthesis of plant mainboard photosynthesis of plant module arrangement schematic diagram three.
Figure 23 is a photosynthesis of plant mainboard photosynthesis of plant module arrangement schematic diagram four.
Figure 24 is a pouring waterway tube web frame schematic diagram one.
Figure 25 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 24.
Figure 26 is a drip irrigation water route pipe network structure schematic diagram one.
Figure 27 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 26.
Figure 28 is second kind of water route (or spraying) waterway tube web frame schematic diagram.
Figure 29 is the third water route (or spraying) waterway tube web frame schematic diagram.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of A-A section among Figure 28.
Figure 31 is the installation site schematic diagram of unit, air port, cabinet dish (dish) cabinet.
Figure 32 is the side-looking structural representation of Figure 31.
Figure 33 is that the utility model is faced structural representation when using separately.
Figure 34 is the plan structure schematic diagram of the utility model when using separately.
When being the combination of two equipment of the utility model, Figure 35 faces structural representation.
Plan structure schematic diagram when Figure 36 is two equipment combinations of the utility model.
Backsight structural representation when Figure 37 is two equipment combinations of the utility model.
Figure 38 faces structural representation when to be that the utility model is two-sided have a plurality of combination of plant.
Figure 39 is the plan structure schematic diagram when to be that the utility model is two-sided have a plurality of combination of plant.
Figure 40 is the backsight structural representation when to be that the utility model is two-sided have a plurality of combination of plant.
Figure 41 is the structural representation of a plurality of combinations of the utility model.
Figure 42 is the structural representation that the utility model is used as road guard.
Figure 43 is the plan structure schematic diagram that the utility model is used as road guard.
Figure 44 is the side-looking structural representation that the utility model is used as road guard.
Figure 45 is a module composition function schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Reference numeral: 1-low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer, the 2-carbonic acid gas, the harmful gas of 3-, 4-oxygen, 5-luminous energy+solar energy, the 6-energy circulation, the 7-air circulation, 8-air-conditioning unit, the 9-air-supply, 10-return air, the 11-air draft, 12-is indoor, the 13-sun, the new wind of 14-, the 15-cabinet, the 16-wheel, the 17-supporter, 18-photosynthesis of plant module, 19-can expand overlay film, the 20-formwork, 21-water, 22-photosynthesis of plant matrix, the 23-bulb, the 24-osculum, the 25-hinge, the 26-plant, the 27-plant is implanted preformed hole, 28-overlay film preformed hole, the 29-irrigation hole, the 30-hanging part, the 31-handle, 32-cabinet base plate, 33-cabinet top board, the pressure pin of 34-band drawer runner, 35-formwork connector, the 36-crossbeam, the 37-column, 38-plant drawer division board, the 39-solar panel, the 40-wind-driven generator, the 41-AC/DC changeover switch, the 42-water pump, the 43-water tank, the 44-person in charge that supplies water, 45-irrigates arm, the 46-backwater is responsible for, the 47-filter, the total water valve of 48-, 49-Direct Digital DDC controller, 50-air displacement fresh wind port, the turbid air pipe line of 51-air displacement, the 52-lighting unit, the 53-heater, the 54-installing hole, the 55-humidity sensor, the 56-temperature sensor, 57-drip irrigation groove, 58-road guard accessory, 59-irrigates and the interpolation substrate grooves, the 60-tank.
Embodiment
Embodiment is referring to shown in Figure 1, the light energy that the sun 13 produces and from air-conditioning unit 8, the waste gas of air conditioner that comes out from exhaust outlet comprises carbonic acid gas 2, harmful gas 3, luminous energy+solar energy 5 is absorbed by low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1, simultaneously low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 utilizes solar panel 39 that solar energy is converted to electric energy, give water pump 42 by AC/DC changeover switch 41 outputs, water pump is delivered to ecology air displacer board unit 17 by supply water being responsible for 44 with water, keep the water of the growth needs that produces photosynthesis plant 26, utilize and produce photosynthesis plant 26 luminous energy and waste gas of air conditioner carbonic acid gas 2, harmful gas 3 converts oxygen 4 to by the chemical reaction of plant 26, finishes energy circulation 6; Oxygen 4 is inhaled into the air-conditioning unit, the oxygen content 4 of air conditioner fresh air 14 is improved, the heat-absorbing action of summer annual itself reduces outdoor new wind-warm syndrome degree, stop that cold air improves outdoor new wind-warm syndrome degree winter, the new wind of air-conditioning unit blows in 9 inlet chambers 12 as air-conditioning after treatment, and indoor oxygen 4 content are increased.The muddy waste gas of air-conditioning is discharged air-conditioning unit 8 from air draft 11 at last through return air 10, finishes air circulation 7.Low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 is then proceeded energy circulation 6, continues to finish air circulation 7.
The waste gas carbonic acid gas that the air-conditioning system that this device utilizes plant photosynthesis to do to absorb is discharged, and other harmful gases reduce atmospheric pollution, simultaneously plant photosynthesis is made the oxygen replenishment of generation in air, such working cycles is considered and includes whole air-conditioning system in, thereby improves air quality, reaches low-carbon (LC), system oxygen, noise reduction, dust filtration, purification, the effect of the ecological balance.Operation principle was identical when low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 was applied to road guard, building energy conservation, forest city, alleviating urban heat island effect.
Referring to shown in Figure 2, this low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1, the photosynthesis of plant module 18, the plant which comprises at least supporter 17, are embedded in the supporter 17 are irrigated water circuit system and air displacement air path system.Wherein the wheel 16 of plant light and effect module 18, solar energy/wind energy/power input-output unit, intelligent control unit, bottom of cabinet bulk installation is all illustrated outside frame of broken lines.Described cabinet, waterway tube net unit, unit, air port are illustrated within frame of broken lines in the drawings.
Supporter 17 is made up of support bracket part, energy part and intelligent control part; All to AC/DC changeover switch 41 power supplies, AC/DC changeover switch 41 is connected with water pump 42 with controller 49 for solar panel 39, wind-driven generator 40 or cabinet external power, and AC/DC changeover switch 41 also can be exported to electric energy near electrical network; Direct Digital DDC controller 49 has input and output to detect and the control function, the signals collecting input is connected with humidity sensor 55 as placing photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 temperature inside sensors 56 with the parameter that needs detect respectively, and the control control signal output of described Direct Digital DDC controller 49 is connected with the equipment of needs control such as the switch of water pump 42 and total water valve 48 respectively.
Referring to shown in Figure 3, described support bracket places in the cabinet 15, support bracket is formed by connecting by column 37 and formwork connector 35, column 37 is spaced on cabinet base plate 32, be intervally distributed with installing hole 54 on the column, column about in the of 37 two ends respectively with cabinet top board 33 and 32 vertical connections of cabinet base plate, the bottom surface of cabinet base plate 32 is equipped with wheel 16, formwork connector 35 is connected on the column 37, and is connected with photosynthesis of plant module 18 at interval.
Be provided with hingedly and with the pressure pin 34 of drawer runner or be provided with and the cross-coupled crossbeam 36 of column on the described column 37 in pairs, be distributed with installing hole on described crossbeam 36, the column 37 with column; Formwork 20 is connected on the pressure pin 34 or crossbeam 36 of band drawer runner, and perhaps direct and formwork connector 35 articulates; Described formwork 20 dual-sides or end face both sides are connected with handle 31, perhaps are connected with hanging part 30 on formwork 20.
Referring to shown in Figure 4, the pressure pin 34 of band drawer runner can be random adjustment with the hinge angle of column 37.Hinge angle and level form the angle less than 90 °, make photosynthesis of plant module 18 that tailheaviness is installed and stablize, and can not skid off supporter 17.
Referring to shown in Figure 5, photosynthesis of plant module 18 by formwork 20, photosynthesis of plant matrix 22, be wrapped in the overlay film expanded 19 in photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 outsides and the plant 26 of planting into formwork combines; Be distributed with plant on the photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 and implant preformed hole 27, can expand overlay film 19 and implant the preformed hole 27 corresponding overlay film preformed holes 28 that are distributed with plant, plant in the overlay film preformed hole into plant 26 is arranged, be furnished with respectively on the upper and lower shell wall of formwork 20 with plant and irrigate corresponding irrigation hole 29 and the osculum 24 of water circuit system.
Photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 has suction, infiltration, moisture-keeping functions, can be the required matrix of any plant growing for the plant root growing, can be that soil, sponge, water, nutrient solution, regrown material or other can be for the matrix of plant root apposition growth.Plant can have been adopted native cultivation, soilless culture, vertical, duct type, drum-type, and planting form is not limit.The plant growing piece can be produced according to the different planting type design of plant.
Referring to shown in Figure 6, formwork 20 is rectangle or other shapes, formwork 20 tops and front side are uncovered shape, by plant 26, photosynthesis of plant matrix 22, the overlay film expanded 19 that is wrapped in photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 outsides, plant implant preformed hole 27 and with insert corresponding being distributed in of preformed hole 27 and can expand plant growing piece placement that the overlay film preformed hole 28 on overlay film 19 fronts forms wherein.Described formwork 20 top dual-sides are provided with the semicircular arc drip irrigation groove 57 that can fix and place drip irrigation with irrigation arm 45, two front side edge are connected with handle 31,31 shapes of shaking hands can be that rectangle is distributed with irrigation hole 29 at formwork 20 lower surfaces, be connected with hanging part 30 on the rear side both sides, hanging part position and quantity are variable.
Referring to shown in Figure 7, different with the formwork among Fig. 6 is that handle 31 can be located at end face dual-side place, and 31 shapes of shaking hands can be annulars, also can adopt other shapes.
Referring to shown in Figure 8, described formwork 20 is a rectangle, and formwork 20 upper surfaces and lower surface are distributed with irrigation hole 29, and formwork 20 end face both sides are connected with handle 31.Photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 can be from irrigating and adding substrate grooves 59 and open and can expand overlay film 19 and directly insert wherein when the plant growing root need increase matrix.Formwork 20 tops are provided with one and traverse omnidistance drip irrigation groove 57 and irrigation and add substrate grooves 59, make formwork 20 go for two kinds of different pouring modes, a kind of to be dripping irrigation water flow into photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 in the formwork 20 naturally from the irrigation arm 45 on the drip irrigation groove 57, flows into one deck photosynthesis of plant modules 18 down by lower surface irrigation hole 29 then; Another water flows into photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 in the formwork 20 naturally from the tank 60 of irrigating and add substrate grooves 59 tops, then by one deck photosynthesis of plant module 18 under 29 inflows of lower surface irrigation hole.
Referring to shown in Figure 9, different with the formwork among Fig. 8 is that handle 31 can be located at end face dual-side place, and 31 shapes of shaking hands can be annulars, also can adopt other shapes.
Referring to shown in Figure 10, described formwork 20 is a rectangle, and top is provided with one and traverses omnidistance drip irrigation groove 57 and irrigation and add substrate grooves 59, and formwork 20 back can be covered with irrigation hole 29, are connected with hanging part 30 on the back side edge, and the both sides, front are connected with handle 31.
Referring to shown in Figure 11, different with the formwork among Figure 10 is that formwork 20 back can be covered with horizontal stripe, and the end face both sides are connected with handle 31.
Referring to shown in Figure 12, described formwork 20 tops and front side are uncovered shape, and the both sides, top are provided with drip irrigation groove 57 breach, can support and irrigate arm 45, rear side can be irrigation hole 29 or horizontal stripe, is connected with hanging part 30 on the back side edge, and the both sides, front are connected with handle 31.
Referring to shown in Figure 13, different with the formwork among Figure 11 is to state formwork 20 end face both sides to be connected with handle 31.
Referring to shown in Figure 14, described irrigation arm 45 levels are installed on drip irrigation groove 57 places, formwork 20 top.
Referring to shown in Figure 15, described tank 60 levels are installed on the irrigation of formwork 20 tops and add substrate grooves 59 places, and water flows into formwork 20 from top to bottom.
Referring to shown in Figure 16, described photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 inside are equipped with temperature sensor 56 and humidity sensor 55, formwork 20 bottoms have osculum 24, and it can be that irrigation hole 29 or horizontal stripe insert photosynthesis of plant matrix 22 image data that temperature sensor 56 and humidity sensor 55 pass formwork 20 rear sides.
Referring to shown in Figure 17, described photosynthesis of plant module 18 side-looking structure charts.
Referring to shown in Figure 180, the AC/DC changeover switch 41 that described supporter 17 back sides are equipped with solar panel 39, be installed on the wind-driven generator 40 at cabinet top, be installed on cabinet inside contains power switch and power line, Direct Digital DDC controller 49, lighting unit 52, bulb 23, heater 53.
Described intelligent control unit comprises Direct Digital DDC controller 49, and Direct Digital DDC controller 49 is connected with ecology air displacer water pump 42, total water valve 48, power switch respectively by holding wire.
Described cabinet inside is equipped with lighting unit 52, bulb 23 and heater 53, is connected with power supply by power line respectively.Bulb 23 has double action concurrently, gives when illumination is not enough to produce photosynthesis plant 26 light fillings, double simultaneously road lighting or the lampion done.Heater 53 can be kept the necessary temperature of plant growing.Power supply is from the electrical source of power of solar panel 39, wind power generation 40 or input.
Referring to shown in Figure 19, the described support bracket back side is equipped with solar panel 39, and the support bracket top has AC/DC changeover switch 41, Direct Digital DDC controller 49, lighting unit 52, bulb 23, heater 53, formwork connector 35, photosynthesis of plant module 18 also are installed on wind-driven generator 40, the support bracket.
Referring to shown in Figure 20, be provided with hinged and with the pressure pin 34 of drawer runner on the described column 37 in pairs with column.
Referring to shown in Figure 21, described column 37 is provided with and the cross-coupled crossbeam 36 of column, is distributed with installing hole on described crossbeam 36, the column 37.
Referring to shown in Figure 22, photosynthesis of plant module 18 is installed on the described supporter 17, lighting unit 52 is installed on supporter 17 tops, and bulb 23 is connected in the top of lighting unit 52.
Referring to shown in Figure 23, described supporter 17 tow sides are installed photosynthesis of plant module 18.
Shown in Figure 24,25, the water supply that described water route or injection spray pipe net unit comprise water tank 43, be connected with water tank 43 is responsible for 44, the formwork 20 of photosynthesis of plant module 18 is rectangle, irrigates and the tank 60 that adds the top on substrate grooves 59 and the photosynthesis of plant module is oppositely arranged.The water nutrition liquid that flows out from tank 60 is pooled to water tank 43 at last, send into the person in charge 44 that supplies water through water pump 42, recycles.Vertically be connected with plant drawer division board 38 in the middle of the described supporter 17, before photosynthesis of plant module 18 is installed on plant drawer division board 38 when photosynthesis of plant module single face is arranged, heater 53, Direct Digital DDC controller 49, solar panel 39, wind-driven generator 40 AC/DC changeover switch 41 all are installed on after the plant drawer division board 38, to keep dry and the required working environment of circuit safety.Plant drawer division board 38 is installed in and need keeps dry and the circuit safety desired position when photosynthesis of plant module 18 two-sided front and back are arranged.
Plant water supply irrigation method can be drip irrigation, drench filling, gondola water faucet, and mode is not limit.
The water supply person in charge 44, the backwater person in charge 46, irrigation arm 45 also can be installed on crossbeam 36, column 37 inside.
Shown in Figure 26,27, the water supply that described water route or injection spray pipe net unit comprise water tank 43, be connected with water tank 43 be responsible for 44 and backwater is responsible for 46, with the person in charge's 44 irrigation arms 45 that are connected that supply water, irrigate on the arm 45 and be distributed with permeable hole, the irrigation hole 29 on permeable hole and the photosynthesis of plant module is oppositely arranged.The formwork 20 of described photosynthesis of plant module 18 is a rectangle, irrigates arm 45 and is horizontally placed in the drip irrigation groove 57 of several rows of photosynthesis of plant module 18 tops.Vertically be connected with plant drawer division board 38 in the middle of the described supporter 17, before photosynthesis of plant module 18 is installed on plant drawer division board 38 when photosynthesis of plant module single face is arranged, heater 53, Direct Digital DDC controller 49, solar panel 39, AC/DC changeover switch 41 all are installed on after the plant drawer division board 38, to keep dry and the required working environment of circuit safety.Plant drawer division board 38 is installed in and need keeps dry and the circuit safety desired position when photosynthesis of plant module 18 two-sided front and back are arranged.
Referring to shown in Figure 28, the formwork 20 of described photosynthesis of plant module 18 is a pipeline, the 18 several rows of vertical settings of photosynthesis of plant module, irrigate arm 45 vertical formwork 20 inside that feed, water, nutrient solution or spraying enter the capable formwork of pipeline 20 through irrigating arm 45, plant drawer division board 38 is isolated photosynthesis of plant module 18 and electrical equipment, ensures the electrical equipment safe operation in the described supporter 17.
Referring to shown in Figure 29, the formwork 20 of described photosynthesis of plant module 18 is a pipeline, photosynthesis of plant module 18 several rows of horizontally sets, irrigate arm 45 levels and feed formwork 20 inside, water, nutrient solution or spraying enter the capable formwork of pipeline 20 through irrigating arm 45, plant drawer division board 38 is isolated photosynthesis of plant module 18 and electrical equipment, ensures the electrical equipment safe operation in the described supporter 17.
Referring to shown in Figure 30, wherein formwork 20 is filled in the pipeline, irrigates arm 45 or current pass through internally for tube shaped, photosynthesis of plant matrix 22.
Shown in Figure 31,32, there is 51 two kinds in air conditioning air outlet 50 and air-conditioning unit UNICOM air port unit, described air port, and air conditioning air outlet 50 is installed in the space of photosynthesis of plant module 18 between every layer, is oppositely arranged with the air-conditioning exhaust outlet; Air-conditioning unit UNICOM air port 51 vertically is installed on the support rear side, directly docks with the air-conditioning exhaust outlet.
Shown in Figure 33,34, when described low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 uses separately, but single face is installed photosynthesis of plant module 18.
Shown in Figure 35-37, be connected by hinge between two low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacers 1.Described cabinet 15 sides are connected with hinge 25.Can doubling during use or parallelly open placement.The one side that plant leaf is arranged when folding is towards the outside, and the one side that does not have plant leaf is towards the lining; Plant leaf one side is all to the same side when opening.
Shown in Figure 38-40, a plurality of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 positive and negatives are installed photosynthesis of plant module 18, can a plurality of put into a row and use.
Referring to shown in Figure 41, a plurality of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 positive and negatives are installed photosynthesis of plant module 18, can a plurality of put into a row and use.
Referring to shown in Figure 42, described a plurality of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 positive and negatives are installed photosynthesis of plant module 18, and each can be used as road guard and use after fixing with road guard parts 58.
Shown in Figure 43,44, when this device used as road guard, solar panel 39 moved to described low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer 1 top by the back side,
Referring to shown in Figure 45, the described course of work of the present utility model is as follows:
The cabinet main element of ecology air displacer is the engineering prefabricated component, and cheap, material is applied widely, can whole or loose mail be transported to on-the-spot assembling, other unit also can whole or the on-the-spot assembling of loose mail, the photosynthesis of plant module is to loose
The part mode is transported the scene, and ecology air displacer board unit adds water to water tank after installing, and needs then cabinet is carried out zero load
Debugging empty cabinet commissioning content comprises: ecology air displacer, ecology air displacer board unit structure, water circuit system,
Solar panel, wind-driven generator, Direct Digital DDC controller, illumination, heater, air port, this moment cabinet in other
Selected unit has all been gone into cabinet except that the photosynthesis of plant module is not packed into.The ecology air displacer after the test passes, connects down one by one
Come the photosynthesis of plant module to adopt to insert, push away, hang or other any ways support of packing into.The contained equipment of each unit module attached
Icon mark sign indicating number marks on each unit module lead-in wire, and lable number is assembled out each unit with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Can be when a plurality of or quantity of ecology air displacer is very big by unified control of centralized control system and management, also can be by Internet technology online monitoring in 24 hours, centralized control system can connect data sharing with the system interface of any BACnet of having communications protocol.
Need routine test to produce photosynthesis plant growing situation after the ecology air displacer is installed, 1~3 month plant growing observation period is arranged, according to different plant growth characteristics decision maintenance cycles.Withered, sick worm, downright bad situation appear as plant, just can not finish photosynthetic chemical reaction, this photosynthesis of plant module can be taken out and change, the photosynthesis of plant module of replacing be taken plant maintenance center rejuvenation, fertilising, deinsectization or other effective culture techniques handle.
The ecology air displacer is when outdoor placement, solar panel one side can be exposed to the sun, photosynthesis plant one side can be exposed to the sun, when utilizing the blower fan generator for electricity generation, photosynthesis plant one side direction is optional, and the electric energy that is produced also can be exported by AC/DC changeover switch except that supply ecology air displacer.When solar panel was positioned over the equipment top, solar panel can cooperate illuminometer to adjust angle automatically.
Cleaning can be pulled down in each unit when the ecology air displacer is used for civilian garden or vegetable garden, also can adopt transparent material to make to ensure plant daylighting effect.
Wheel can be taken away when the ecology air displacer is used for road guard, base plate is placed directly on the ground.

Claims (10)

1. a low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer is characterized in that: which comprises at least supporter (17), be embedded in photosynthesis of plant module (18), plant irrigation water circuit system and air displacement air path system in the supporter (17); Supporter (17) is made up of support bracket part, energy part and intelligent control part; Energy part is powered to AC/DC changeover switch (41) by solar panel (39) and wind-driven generator (40), AC/DC changeover switch (41) is connected with water pump (42) with Direct Digital DDC controller (49), the signals collecting input of Direct Digital DDC controller is connected with humidity sensor (55) with placing photosynthesis of plant matrix (22) temperature inside sensor (56) respectively, and the control control signal output of described Direct Digital DDC controller (49) is connected with the switch of water pump (42) with total water valve (48) respectively;
Photosynthesis of plant module (18) is combined by formwork (20), photosynthesis of plant matrix (22), the overlay film expanded (19) that is wrapped in photosynthesis of plant matrix (22) outside and the plant (26) of planting into formwork; Be distributed with plant on the photosynthesis of plant matrix (22) and implant preformed hole (27), can expand overlay film (19) and implant the corresponding overlay film preformed hole (28) that is distributed with of preformed hole (27) with plant, plant in the overlay film preformed hole into plant (26) is arranged, be furnished with respectively on the upper and lower shell wall of formwork (20) with plant and irrigate corresponding irrigation hole (29) and the osculum (24) of water circuit system;
Described plant irrigation water circuit system comprises the irrigation arm (45) that water tank (43), water pump (42), filter (47), total water valve (48), the water supply person in charge (44) who is connected with water tank (43), backwater are responsible for (46) and are connected with the person in charge (44) that supplies water, described irrigation arm (45) is corresponding with the irrigation hole (29) on the formwork, and it is corresponding with osculum (24) under the formwork that backwater is responsible for (46);
Described air displacement air path system comprises and is installed on supporter (17) rear and the turbid air pipe line of air displacement (51) that is communicated with turbid wind one side and is communicated with it and is installed on the air displacement fresh wind port (50) in the space between each module of supporter (17) front side.
2. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support bracket places in the cabinet (15), support bracket is formed by connecting by column (37) and formwork connector (35), column (37) is spaced on cabinet base plate (32), be intervally distributed with installing hole (54) on the column, column (37) up and down two ends respectively with cabinet top board (33) and vertical connection of cabinet base plate (32), the bottom surface of cabinet base plate (32) is equipped with wheel (16), formwork connector (35) is connected on the column (37) at interval, and is connected with photosynthesis of plant module (18).
3. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with the pressure pin (34) of the hinged band drawer runner of column on the described column (37) in pairs or be provided with and the cross-coupled crossbeam of column (36), described crossbeam (36), column are distributed with installing hole on (37); Formwork (20) is connected on the pressure pin (34) or crossbeam (36) of band drawer runner, and perhaps direct and formwork connector (35) articulates; Described formwork (20) dual-side or end face both sides are connected with handle (31), perhaps are connected with hanging part (30) on formwork (20).
4. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the water pump power source that described plant is irrigated water circuit system is an external power supply, solar panel (39) or wind-driven generator (40), solar panel (39) all is connected with water pump with controller by AC/DC changeover switch (41) with wind-driven generator (40), described controller is a Direct Digital DDC controller (49), the signals collecting end of described Direct Digital DDC controller (49) is connected with humidity sensor (55) with placing photosynthesis of plant matrix (22) temperature inside sensor (56) respectively, and the control end of described Direct Digital DDC controller (49) is connected with the switch of water pump (42) with total water valve (48) respectively.
5. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1 is characterized in that: it is drip irrigation water route pipe network, pouring water route pipe network or capillary irrigation pipe network that described plant is irrigated water circuit system; Be connected with one irrigation between the irrigation hole (29) of described formwork (20) end face and add substrate grooves (59), the irrigation branch road of described drip irrigation water route pipe network adopts irrigates arm (45), and formwork (20) end face of correspondence in photosynthesis of plant module (18) has drip irrigation groove (57), irrigating arm (45) is horizontally placed in the drip irrigation groove (57) on the several rows of photosynthesis of plant module (18), irrigate on the arm (45) and be distributed with permeable hole, permeable hole and irrigation hole (29) are oppositely arranged.
The irrigation branch road of described pouring water route pipe network adopts tank (60), tank (60) is arranged at photosynthesis of plant module (18) top of the superiors, and tank (60) is oppositely arranged with the irrigation and the interpolation substrate grooves (59) of photosynthesis of plant module (18);
The irrigation arm (45) of described capillary irrigation pipe network adopts directly and the capillary of photosynthesis of plant matrix (22) internal communication.
6. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described supporter (17) single face is installed photosynthesis of plant module (18) or two-sided installation photosynthesis of plant module (18), during two-sided installation photosynthesis of plant module (18), solar panel (39) is installed on the supporter top; The formwork of photosynthesis of plant module (20) is square, rectangle, trapezoidal, band many prismatics in inclined-plane or pipeline, and the end face of formwork (20) is uncovered or sealing, and perhaps end face and front are uncovered shape.
7. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: vertically be connected with plant drawer division board (38) in the middle of the described supporter (17), the plant drawer division board (38) that photosynthesis of plant module (18) is installed on before, heater (53), Direct Digital DDC controller (49), air displacement air path system, solar panel (39), AC/DC changeover switch (41) all are installed on plant drawer division board (38) afterwards.
8. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: lighting unit (52) also is installed on the described supporter (17), bulb (23) and heater (53), bulb (23) and heater (53) and power supply, solar panel (39) or wind-driven generator (40) connect, lighting unit (52) is installed on supporter (17) top, bulb (23) is connected in the top of lighting unit (52), described solar panel (39) is installed on supporter (17) back side or end face, wind-driven generator (40) is installed on supporter (17) top, and AC/DC changeover switch (41) and Direct Digital DDC controller (49) are installed on the supporter bottom.
9. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support bracket places in the cabinet (15), is connected with road guard accessory (58) between two cabinets of low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer (1).
10. low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support bracket places in the cabinet (15), described cabinet (15) side is connected with hinge (25), is connected by hinge between two or more low-carbon (LC) system oxygen solar wind-energy intelligent ecological plant indoor-outdoor air displacers (1).
CN2010205593759U 2010-10-13 2010-10-13 Low-carbon oxygen-making solar energy and wind energy intelligent ecological plant indoor and outdoor air replacement device Expired - Fee Related CN201846648U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101990834A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-03-30 江素霞 Low-carbon oxygen-generating solar wind-power intelligentized ecological-plant indoor and outdoor air displacer
CN103004573A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-03 张泽彤 Ecological integrated decoration unit and use method thereof
CN103650994A (en) * 2012-09-04 2014-03-26 大汉光电股份有限公司 Air purification and oxygenation type plant cultivating system
CN104938320A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-30 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Simple and convenient three-dimensional greening module and system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101990834A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-03-30 江素霞 Low-carbon oxygen-generating solar wind-power intelligentized ecological-plant indoor and outdoor air displacer
CN103650994A (en) * 2012-09-04 2014-03-26 大汉光电股份有限公司 Air purification and oxygenation type plant cultivating system
CN103004573A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-03 张泽彤 Ecological integrated decoration unit and use method thereof
CN104938320A (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-09-30 深圳市铁汉生态环境股份有限公司 Simple and convenient three-dimensional greening module and system

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