CN102692909B - Repairing device and repairing system for air replacing environment - Google Patents

Repairing device and repairing system for air replacing environment Download PDF

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CN102692909B
CN102692909B CN201210185456.0A CN201210185456A CN102692909B CN 102692909 B CN102692909 B CN 102692909B CN 201210185456 A CN201210185456 A CN 201210185456A CN 102692909 B CN102692909 B CN 102692909B
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plant
air
repairing
environment
air displacement
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CN102692909A (en
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江素霞
江华龙
张泽彤
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江素霞
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention relates to a repairing device and a repairing system for an air replacing environment. The repairing system comprises at least one repairing device for the air replacing environment, and a central unit, wherein the repairing device has a function of repairing the environment; the central unit is connected with the repairing device for the air replacing environment; an onsite controller is connected with an accessing device of a control system through a communication line; and the accessing device of the control system is connected with a BACnet building automatic control system. According to the invention, carbon and oxygen replacement and energy storage are creatively combined and integrated; a plurality of scientific leading technologies, such as solar energy comprehensive utilization, plant cultivation, energy storage, wired and wireless intelligent control, BACnet intelligent system, wireless passive energy collection, air condition and energy conservation and wind energy, are combined; the environment repairing, air replacement and renewable energy source storage volume are designed according to local conditions; the repairing device can be used for commercial and civil indoor air environment IAQ (Indoor Air Quality) repairing, is connected with the present building automatic control system, is used for large-size urban environment repairing engineering, is used for automobile exhaust treatment and can be formed into a large-size environment repairing system.

Description

Air displacement environment remediation device and repair system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical fields such as IAQ (indoor air quality), indoor environment, plant culture, the application of BACnet automatic building control system, the reparation of city outdoor environment, treating vehicle exhaust, by air exchange-stored energy-plant integration, be particularly an environment remediation device for an energy environment synthesis, and by the repair system of this installation composition.
Background technology
1. outdoor environment:
At present, outdoor urban environment reparation is an international emerging complex art, and this technology is mainly paid close attention to following a few class problem:
1.1, ambient atmosphere pollutes: China is developing rapidly of economy in recent decades, causes the problem day of Chinese environmental aobvious severe.According to the World Health Organization's portion of 2006 report, pollute in the most serious 20 cities and include 16 Chinese cities in the world.According to another World Bank's data, pollute in the most serious 30 cities and have 20 Chinese cities in the world.
1.2, auto-pollution: Beijing Environmental Protection Agency gross contamination emission control place says media tall refined fragrant in February, 2012, " motor-vehicle tail-gas " contribution " pellet, wherein half in whole city's nitrogen oxide emission is from motor-vehicle tail-gas.The roadside greening time of existing afforestation is long, and survival rate is unstable, difficult management.
1.3, tropical island effect: Urban heat island effect refers to that temperature in city is apparently higher than the phenomenon in peripheral suburb.On hygrogram near the ground, suburb temperature Change is very little, and city is a high-temperature region, as the island on outstanding sea, because this island represent the urban area of high temperature, so be just called visually urban heat island.Beijing surface temperature satellite remote sensing figure of Beijing making 13: 58 on the 5th July in 2010 shows, tropical island effect makes most of plains region, Beijing surface temperature at 48 ° more than C, and small part area surpasses that 54 ° of vehicle exhausts, atmosphere PM2.5/PM10 and other harmful gases pollute, air-conditioning (comprising air draft, garage, kitchen) waste gas etc. pollutes and accelerated urban heat land effect urban air.Therefore improve and repair urban environment, improve and repair Air Conditioning quality in buildings, will contribute to alleviating urban heat island effect.
1.4, the green capacity in city: city is in development and construction process, and artificial intensity utilization, discharges flue dust, dust, S0 in a large number 2deng toxic gas and photo-chemical smog, cause the series of environmental problems such as urban atmospheric pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, light pollution, Acid Rain Pollution, tropical island effect, severe exacerbation city and outskirts area ecological environment, aggravated disruption of ecological balance, affect city dweller's physical and mental health, threatened existence and the sustainable development in city.
2. indoor environment:
2.1, indoor air quality:
Air pollution at present may become the health threat of Largest In China, and in the intensive city of skyscraper, " indoor air quality " Indoor Air Quality IAQ, is badly in need of improving.Universal due to the introduction of air-conditioning system in modern architecture, modern office equipment, and the raising of building leakproofness, make indoor harmful gas can not get discharge, amount of carbon dioxide raises, and causes the generation of all sub-health states such as people's " air conditioner disease ", " room syndrome ".
?2.2, Indoor Environmental Quality IEQ:
At (the American Socrity of Heating of U.S. heating and refrigerating air-conditioning man SCTE, Refrigeratingand Air-conditiong Engineers, abbreviation ASHRAE) indoor air quality providing is defined as: good indoor air quality should be " in air, not have consistent pollutant to reach the generally acknowledged determined concentration of harmful substance index of authoritative institution, and this is not had with thumb down in airborne most people (being more than or equal to 80%).”
3, building energy conservation:
Chinese architecture energy consumption accounts for 28% of national energy consumption consumption, and wherein public building accounts for 21.7% of building energy consumption, and building energy consumption total amount rises year by year.Conditioned space considers to require " sealingization " from Energy Angle, and strengthening resh air requirement and saving energy consumption is conflict, strengthens resh air requirement, particularly, in the situation that summer (winter), the indoor and outdoor temperature difference was larger, will cause the increase of air conditioning energy consumption.
4, carbon dioxide utilization: the solid carbon method extensively adopting is at present afforested exactly, the carbon remittance of garden plants (forest absorbs the also ability of storing carbon dioxide) function, greenhouse gases in atmosphere (carbon dioxide is main) are stored in plant rhizosphere or soil-actively expand carbon and converge, plant is by transpiration and shelter from heat or light and can reduce ground and the air themperature in city.
5, stored energy: electric energy can be by mobile use after accumulators store as a kind of conventional energy that uses, along with the raising of battery technology, use battery pack as energy supply by a frontier that is energy development.
6, BACnet automatic building control system: BACnet is a kind of data communication protocol that the special automation and control network for building is formulated, by the standard communication protocol of definition workstation level communication network, to cancel the proprietary gateway between different vendor's workstation, the product of different vendor, difference in functionality is integrated in a system, and realizes the interoperability of each vendor equipment.
Existing indoor and outdoor surroundings recovery technique mainly contains following several:
Plant walls green wall or living wall.
Roof greening is similar to green wall character, and different places is applied to roof and roadside greening green wall technology exactly.
Above technology all has weak point, as: irremovable, management inconvenience.There is the problem that cost is high, construction is complicated, the implementation cycle is long, plant life is changed maintenance difficulty, cannot be mobile as required in greening construction.In addition, plant makes building structure increase extra load, and roadside greening takies a large amount of valuable land resource, and above greening technique plant leaf area is limited, in popularization, need the factor of consideration too many, labour cost is high, therefore the popularization cycle is long, process is complicated, implements difficulty large.
Urban forests is to increase the green amount of urban ecology carry out alleviating urban heat island effect and improve the green amount in city, need to consider the problem of management that edaphic condition and trees survive, and because urban land is limited, the possibility of therefore implementing is very little.
Existing indoor IAQ, IEQ technology mainly contain following several:
House plant wall green wall or living wall technology, is subject to the factors such as structure, plant culture mode to restriction, and the effect of carbon oxygen displacement is faint.
Oxygenerator technology, room air can increase oxygen content by oxygenerator, but oxygenerator itself consumes electric energy, and only part changes air oxygen content limitation, can not improve on a large scale indoor and outdoor surroundings and not belong to environment remediation.
Air conditioning purge technology adds cleaning equipment in air-conditioning system, and air is better than outdoor through its cleanliness factor of cleaning equipment, but can not change existing carbon oxygen composition and other objectionable constituent in room air.Existing air-conditioning system is not manufactured oxygen and is reduced indoor carbon dioxide, the function of the harmful gas emissions such as formaldehyde.
?air conditioner energy saving:
Central air conditioner system is just irremovable after installing, thereby cannot select the position of outdoor fresh wind port, exhaust outlet, is easy to produce that new wind wind temperature summer is high, winter is low, new wind air quality is poor, thereby cause air conditioner fresh air energy consumption high, and oxygen level is low, and air handling process power consumption is excessive.Air-conditioning total-heat exchanger is done discontiguous exchange heat air conditioning air exhaust and new wind in interchanger, for example the outdoor new air temperature in summer is higher than air conditioning air exhaust temperature, through total-heat exchanger, reduce new air temperature, reduced the energy consumption that new wind needs when air-conditioning is processed, because new wind air channel and return airway are isolated mutually, newly the air quality of wind is not affected by return air.
?carbon dioxide utilizes: warmhouse booth utilizes carbon dioxide to help plant growth, and the place that warmhouse booth requires is large, and equipment is complicated, and cost is high, and plant cultivation technology is not also walked out the circle of booth.Cultivation by conduit is to utilize PVC tubing that people are easy to get to be assembled into be applicable to the container of cultivation to combine with the extensive adaptability of soilless culture, carries out various cultivation of plants activities.
Stored energy: current accumulator from big to small is mainly usingd urban distribution network as charge power supply.
BACnet automatic building control system: BACnet is a kind of data communication protocol that the special automation and control network for building is formulated, by the standard communication protocol of definition workstation level communication network, to cancel the proprietary gateway between different vendor's workstation, the product of different vendor, difference in functionality is integrated in a system, and realize the interoperability of each vendor equipment, thereby realize standardization and the Opening of whole building control system.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of air displacement environment remediation device and repair system, utilize plant as a product unit and other BACnet automatic building control system products are integrated or from group system, solve indoor: air displacement efficiency is low, indoor air quality is poor, indoor environment is poor, novel wind energy consumes high technical matters; Outdoor: it is low that urban environment is repaired air displacement efficiency, automobile exhaust pollution is serious, improve outdoor green capacity is subject to place restriction and is difficult to the technical matters of implementing.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:
This air displacement environment remediation device, comprises photosynthesis of plant modular unit, for the water smoke unit of plant irrigation, for controlling and the intelligent cell of monitoring device operation, and for loading the supporter of each unit;
Described photosynthesis of plant modular unit is by planting cup, and the photosynthesis of plant medium in planting cup and plant composition;
Described water smoke unit comprises water tank and the irrigation pipe network being attached thereto;
Described intelligent cell comprises field controller and the Input/Output external unit being attached thereto;
Described supporter is the Knockdown block structure at least consisting of stereo hollow parts, vertical tube, terminal box, jacking and pedestal, stereo hollow parts are useful on the upper lower interface of mutual docking up and down, upper and lower stereo hollow components interior is provided for laying the vertical tube of power lead and signal wire, the upper and lower two ends of vertical tube are connected with the terminal box on jacking with pedestal respectively after passing stereo hollow parts, and there is wheel the bottom surface of pedestal; Stereo hollow component side walls has one at least for the side interface of photosynthesis of plant module is installed, and reservoir bed is arranged at side interface bottom, is air layer between reservoir bed and planting cup.
Described air displacement environment remediation device also comprises energy storage unit, and energy storage unit is comprised of accumulator and battery pack, AC/DC changeover switch, wind energy generating plant and solar panel; Solar panel is installed on supporter towards sunny side or end face, wind energy generating plant is installed on supporter jacking, accumulator and battery pack, AC/DC changeover switch are installed on supporter pedestal, and wind energy generating plant is connected with battery pack with accumulator through AC/DC changeover switch with solar panel.
Described field controller comprises wired field controller and wireless field controller, Input/Output external unit is connected with wireless two-way field controller through wireless network by collection of energy element, and through wire, be connected field controller and the networking of BACnet automatic building control system with wired field controller.
Described irrigation pipe network has water planting irrigation pipe network A and water smoke to train two kinds of irrigation pipe network B;
Water planting irrigation pipe network A at least comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A, backwater supervisor, irrigates arm, is connected to the filtrator on backwater supervisor, and be connected to solar water heater, water pump and the water valve on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A, irrigate the stereo hollow components interior that arm is connected between vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A and backwater supervisor and passes into supporter, irrigate on arm and be distributed with drip irrigation hole;
Water smoke training irrigation pipe network B at least comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B, backwater supervisor, is connected to the filtrator on backwater supervisor, and is connected to water fog generator and the mini sprinkler on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B, and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B passes into the stereo hollow components interior of supporter.
In the jacking of described supporter, be provided with for supplying with the buffer tank of plant nutrition liquid.
Described air displacement environment remediation device also comprises lighting unit; Lighting unit consists of lamp, lamp bracket and well heater, and the power lead of lamp and well heater is connected with battery pack with external power supply or accumulator.
The outside bifurcated of side interface of described stereo hollow parts extends or is connected with docking hollow part b;
When the outside bifurcated of side interface extends, bifurcated extension has field planting hole, photosynthesis of plant modular unit is placed wherein, planting cup is between plant and field planting hole, irrigate arm and extend to inside, bifurcated extension, reservoir bed is arranged at bottom, bifurcated extension, and side interface has air hole higher than the position of reservoir bed;
When side interface is connected with docking hollow part b, on docking hollow part b, have for placing the field planting hole of photosynthesis of plant modular unit, planting cup is between field planting hole and photosynthesis of plant medium, irrigate arm and be arranged at docking hollow part b inside, reservoir bed is arranged at docking hollow part b bottom, and docking hollow part b has air hole higher than the position of reservoir bed.
Described upper and lower stereo hollow parts being connected up and down by upper lower interface, upper lower interface is reducing, bayonet socket or screw-socket, or upper and lower stereo hollow parts are tightly connected by docking hollow part a, there is the fin of a circle and upper and lower stereo hollow parts clamping at docking hollow part a inwall middle part, and it is inner that upper and lower stereo hollow parts snap in docking hollow part a;
Described left and right stereo hollow parts arrange separately or are interconnected by transverse tube.
The air displacement environment remediation system of this employing air displacement environment remediation device, comprises at least one air displacement environment remediation device, also comprises the central location being connected with each air displacement environment remediation device;
Described central location comprises BACnet automatic building control system, communication line and control system access device; Field controller in intelligent cell is connected with control system access device through communication line, and communication line has tri-kinds of Dasy-Chain, wireless network and IP/Ethernet, and control system access device is connected with BACnet automatic building control system again.
Described central location also comprises communication network, communication network access terminal equipment and system local area network; Communication network is Internet or special line, and the BACnet automatic building control system of central location is connected by communication network and another central location, or realizes information sharing through communication network access terminal equipment and third party device; Between the central location of different cities, by system local area network, keep information sharing and United Dispatching to manage.
The present invention has following features:
Air displacement environment remediation device of the present invention comprises the supporter of photosynthesis of plant modular unit, water smoke unit, intelligent cell, Knockdown block structure, can also comprise energy storage unit and lighting unit.
Photosynthesis of plant modular unit can suitability for industrialized production, and profile can variation.Plant is used as an industrialized solid carbon and oxygen parts are utilized in unit, three-dimensional green amount is by the calculating to cauline leaf volume, disclose green plant three-D volumes (or leaf area index) and plant ecological functional level, quantize plant transpiration and release water and heat absorption total amount, can require to shift to an earlier date the plant leaf area that design air is replaced environment prosthetic device according to environment and air displacement, reach expection air displacement amount target.
Water smoke unit can provide the method for various plants growth: water planting, mist (gas) training, medium culture.Water smoke is provided with solar water heater in unit, and solar water heater is to adopt solar energy optical-thermal to be used to collect sunlight heat energy, by water smoke unit air supply displacement environment prosthetic device hot water.
Input/Output equipment in intelligent cell can include but not limited to temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, PM2.5 the sensor class equipment such as PM10 and gauge tap, actuator etc. control kind equipment, can realize to the parameter such as street vehicle exhaust carbon dioxide content, PM2.5/PM10 report to the police and time real record, control the field apparatuss such as start and stop, valve switch of water pump.Input/Output equipment can be wired external unit, can be also the radio peripheral equipment of energy content gathering element.Under wireless mode, Input/Output external unit is used the wireless and low power dissipation electron device that state-of-the-art energy collection technology is made, as the Input sensor devices such as temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, the Output equipment such as switch, valve electric actuator.This class wireless and passive product relies on energy collection technology, sensor and RF(radio frequency) communicate by letter to provide wireless and passive solution, replace battery-operatedly, solved the great burden of carrying out for a long time battery altering and administrative institute's generation.Under wireless mode, all devices of wired or wireless field controller and Input/Output external unit is double-direction radio signal and communication, for example: temperature sensor can send wireless signal to wired or wireless field controller, also can receive the signal from wired or wireless field controller.It is highly important that field controller support and existing BACnet automatic building control system are integrated, share the extremely strong program capability of existing system, under extremely low cost, complete temperature-humidity monitoring and the control of the required various complexity of plant growth.
Collection of energy element adopts world advanced person's EnOcean GmbH collection of energy (energy harvesting) technology, and energy collection technology refers to obtain faint electric power from light, heat, electric wave, vibration, human action etc.Can utilize 868MHz frequency band, realize the wireless technology of the transfer rate of 125Kbps, wireless device is without battery.The air displacement environment remediation system of for example, managing a city can be used 4~6000 sensor units.If each sensor unit is used, to take battery be the technology driving, and the replacing of battery and management will become huge burden, and order very heavy or at a loss as to what to do administer and maintain work.Use cost for large-scale central real-time control system battery powered device or non-wireless means can be very high.The passive new technology that air displacement environment remediation system adopts can guarantee in the situation that illumination is closed 5 days, within continuous 5 days, is that the sensor being connected with system at the cloudy day still can work in other words at outdoor weather.
Supporter is Knockdown block structure.Stereo hollow parts in Knockdown block structure can be connected with docking hollow part a up and down by upper lower interface, and docking hollow part a is used for adjusting the vertical distance of plant growth between stereo hollow parts; Stereo hollow parts are laterally connected with other stereo hollow parts through transverse tube by the mating interface of side, and transverse tube is used for regulating the mutual lateral separation of package assembly, simultaneously reinforcement unitarity structure.Vertical tube in stereo hollow parts can be used to lay for power and control line.Knockdown block structure itself has bearing capacity, and variation in external form, realizes between different plants closely or penetrating spacing requirement flexibly.Stereo hollow member profile can be carried out diversified shape-designing, to meet the needs of building decoration aesthetics.
Energy storage unit can utilize photovoltaic effect that solar radiant energy is directly converted to electric energy, can also utilize wind energy to produce electric energy.The electric energy that above two kinds of renewable sources of energy produce can be stored in accumulator or battery pack inner for native system, by AC-DC conversion, can provide direct supply also can provide AC power, and redundance can also be inputted local power grid.Therefore air displacement environment remediation device can be powered by the accumulator in this equipment and battery pack, realizes passive independent operating.
Lighting unit can be powered at night by accumulator and battery pack, and lamp can adopt energy consumption low, Solid-state illumination (SSL) product that the life-span is long.
Air displacement environment remediation system can form a complete environment remediation air displacement management control system by air displacement environment remediation device one by one.This system is supported IP/Ethernet, Dasy-Chain, home control network communication protocol, through control system access device, is connected with the wired or wireless reversible controller of next stage.Native system adopts BACnet technology by system equipment information sharings such as internet access terminal equipment or third party device, system local area network and other BACnet environmental protection, building controls, as a system or as integrated part reception information of BACnet automatic building control system or send management steering order independently, form complete, large-scale air displacement management control system, the pollution of monitoring of environmental and an environment remediation situation.
The advantage that the present invention has is as follows:
1, the predeterminable solid carbon amount oxygen making amount of air displacement, with three-dimensional green amount (the Living Vegetation Volume of plant, LVV) consider engineering design and default environment remediation effect, with plant transpiration, releasing water reduces discharging in ecological mode with heat absorption total amount alleviation tropical island effect in summer, the carbon dioxide that absorbing automobile exhaust produces produces the effect of useful environment simultaneously.Energy circulation system, to solar energy composite utilization, according to solar day, utilization designed in advance to sun power according to W/M2 data, is utilized regenerative resource self-powered.Adopt strengthening means to improve the efficiency of photosynthesis of plant on unit solid space area, strengthen fast in a short time air displacement.
2, comprehensive utilization sun power: utilize that solar photovoltaic can generate electricity, photosynthesis, solar heat energy utilization in sunshine biological utilisation plant growth.
3, be applicable to indoor environment reparation, comprised the improvement of indoor air quality IAQ and Indoor Environmental Quality IEQ.Single devices can be integrated with BACnet automatic building control system, realizes omnibearing indoor environmental condition control target.
4, green building finishing and engineering that changeful Knockdown block structure is indoor and outdoor air displacement provide wide application space and market, in the situation that not changing function, the color of each stereo hollow parts and profile can change, can adopt the color with interior decoration collocation of colour, the shape of parts also can be designed to not homomorphs, as right cylinder, square body, centrum etc., between parts and parts, after combination, can produce the hole penetrating, air and light can be through the gaps between each stereo hollow modular construction of Knockdown block structure, form visual transparent, light and air can quick penetrations, select different plant societys, science set up an artificial three-dimensional plant group, it is formed and have ecological functions and rhetorical function simultaneously, and the environment remediation unit that can be used as the displacement of indoor carbon oxygen accesses the unified management of BACnet automatic building control system.The parts of Knockdown block structure are vertical and laterally can assemble, size also can be grasped as required flexibly, photosynthesis of plant medium also can adopt control root timber material and be aided with the technological meanses such as plant growth nutrient fluid and constantly be adjusted, and take and guarantees that plant carries out sufficient photosynthesis as prerequisite.
5, the employing of plant stereo cultivation technology and plant control root fast seedling growing material, for plant grows up strong and sturdy guarantee is provided in air displacement environment remediation appliance arrangement, can carry out solar energy biological utilisation smoothly.The three-dimensional green amount of the contained plant of air displacement environment remediation device is used for calculating the ecological benefits such as the solid carbon oxygen release of every equipment, decreasing temperature and increasing humidity, regulation of absorbing dust capability, by the green amount standardization of plant leaf area, industrialization, in cabinet (dish) structure of industrialization pattern and Knockdown block structure, design green amount.The present invention is can engineering prefabricated, it is versatile and flexible to assemble, it is simple, cheap to install, and can move arbitrarily and select installation site, safeguards simply, only plant unit need to be extracted out, and required time is short, and efficiency is high, has opened up new research field.The three-dimensional green amount of plant refers to the occupied spatial volume of cauline leaf of all growing plants.Three-dimensional green amount, by the calculating to cauline leaf volume, discloses the correlativity of green plant three-D volumes (or leaf area index) and plant ecological functional level, and then ecological functions and the environmental benefit in plant itself, plant community and even city are described.
6, can be used as ecocity roadside greening of new generation and absorb the tail gas oxygen that automobile is discharged, reduce city environmental pollution, can also prevent and treat noise pollution, and cheap.Can change local environment air quality and environment temperature, improve the quality that central air conditioning obtains new wind, reduce new air temperature summer, improve new air temperature winter, can save air conditioner fresh air energy consumption 20%~40% left and right, increase Air Conditioning quality simultaneously.Air-conditioning technical and photosynthesis of plant combine, utilize carbon dioxide as resource, plant produces oxygen under photosynthesis, absorbs the great amount of carbon dioxide and the harmful gas that in waste gas of air conditioner, exist, change IAQ (indoor air quality), improve oxygen content in air.Because air conditioning energy consumption market accounts for 30% of building total energy consumption, so energy-saving significance is far-reaching.
8, can be used as on a large scale movably natural, ecological plant environment, alleviating urban heat island effect.Utilize the extensive dispatch environment of transportation equipment to repair the environmental quality that product changes some areas fast.Can expand the application of solar wind-energy, sun power (wind energy) power generation plate by fritter connects into solar electrical energy generation highway guipure, makes full use of the condition generating that highway solar (wind energy) is sufficient.
9, can support various plant cultivation methods, stereo garden and vegetable garden that can network management, for average family provides vegetable supply and improves indoor environment, beautify life staying idle at home, the developing new space of the civilian business of economic plants, multi-disciplinary technology is in conjunction with reaching multiple energy-saving environment protecting, this technical characterictic is applicable to plantation industrial crops as vegetables, fruit, for user provides green economy crop, become the indispensable green equipment of comprehensive family, can the interior plant culture income that improves create huge economy and social environment benefit on a large scale.As there is withered, sick worm, downright bad situation in plant, just can not complete photosynthetic chemical reaction, this photosynthesis of plant module can be taken out and changed, the photosynthesis of plant module of replacing be taken to plant maintenance center rejuvenation, fertilising, deinsectization or other effective cultivation techniques and process.Unit can be pulled down to cleaning, also can adopt transparent material to make to ensure plant daylighting effect.
10, centralized management and control system can network managements by LAN (Local Area Network), and the Surveillance center of center-control can be to default environmental parameter as carbon dioxide, PM2.5/PM10 etc. and alarm.The controller being connected with central location has wired or wireless two kinds of working methods, and selecting between wireless mode Time Controller and external unit is wireless telecommunications, does not need laying wire.In system, use state-of-the-art BACnet building control technology and energy collection technology, greatly saved native system site operation intensity, make administering and maintaining of system very convenient.When a plurality of or quantity of air displacement environment remediation device is very large, can unify control and management by centralized control system, by 24 hours network controls of communication network technique, centralized control system can with any third party's system interface data sharing with BACnet communications protocol.
Air displacement feature of the present invention and design concept are as follows:
The transform light energy process that air displacement environment remediation system realizes by plant photosynthesis is applied to the absorption of carbon dioxide and harmful gas, and the release of oxygen, therefore reaches environmental protection and energy utilization mutually combines.Photosynthesis of plant has following characteristics:
Photosynthetic formula overall reaction: CO 2+ H 2018 → (CH 2o)+O 218
Attention: the oxygen that photosynthesis discharges is all from water, and photosynthetic product is not only carbohydrate, also have amino acid (without protein), fat, so photosynthate should be organism.
Minute reaction of each step:
H 20 → H+ O 2(photodissociation of water) NADP++2e-+H+ → NADPH(passs hydrogen)
ADP → ATP (passing energy) CO 2+ C 5compound → C 3compound (fixing of carbon dioxide)
C 3compound → (CH2O)+C 5compound (organic generation)
Air displacement environment remediation device can mate with floristics by different specifications, according to forest reserves method, calculate (reduction) fixed amount of carbon dioxide and the amount of releasing oxygen, according to photosynthesis equation, calculate that 1 gram of dry of the every generation of forest needs 1.63 grams of carbon dioxide, and discharge 1.2 grams of oxygen.The quantification estimation of each unit:
Average annual carbon amount (absorbing carbon dioxide amount)=dry year increment x 1.63 admittedly
Average annual oxygen making amount (releasing oxygen amount)=dry year increment x 1.2
Next step work is on this basis the solid carbon amount oxygen making amount of every equipment to be obtained to concrete data, thereby solid carbon amount and oxygen making amount that the air displacement environment remediation device that can estimate installation reaches, or according to the specific targets of low-carbon emission reduction, calculate the air displacement environment remediation device quantity of required installation.
The beneficial effect of the present invention aspect raising IAQ (indoor air quality) and indoor environmental quality:
The sealing of conditioned space, makes accumulation, the Enrichment in time such as compound that indoor equipment, finishing material and human body distribute, organism, bacterium, peculiar smell; The pressure of conditioned space air condition changes, and makes various pollution source be able to rapid diffusion, has caused air suspension material to increase, being waved of sedimentation, the not free settling having suspended.Hot wet process and filtration due to air-conditioning system, in air, be of value to the ozone minimizing corresponding to negative ion of natural mode, the effect of the sterilization that negative ion and ozone play, sterilization, inhibition decomposition and fresh air also reduces thereupon, and airborne bacteria containing amount increases in comparison.The common filtration unit of air-conditioning system can only receive dust larger in air, and to numerous bacteriums, organic compound inoperative, a large amount of puffballs are along with return air circulates, constantly pollution room air repeatedly.Air-conditioning system equipment itself exists more serious inside puffball to pollute, and is the hotbed of various growth of microorganism, is distribution centre and the transmission device of objectionable impurities.
The present invention is improved the above problem that makes to occur in room air greatly.
The beneficial effect of the present invention aspect treating vehicle exhaust: the present invention can become roadside greening equipment of new generation, it is the first screen pack in automobile exhaust pollution source, the polluted air replacing that motor vehicle emission is gone out is oxygen, high efficiency absorption harmful gas, play beautification and greening highway and urban road, reached again the object of environmental protection.Can pass through the data analysis to environmental capacity and Pollution Capacity, design environment remediation system targetedly, in big city and the serious transport hub of air pollution, will play very positive environment protecting, reduce to a certain extent urban heat land effect.In busy section, can regularly replace and make plant can keep optimum air displacement state plant unit.
Native system can be made repairing to urban environment and be reduced road traffic noise and atmospheric pollution.Air displacement environment remediation device can increase plant leaf area and green capacity fast, utilizes the carbon oxygen cycle of plant to absorb by the polluter of motor vehicle emission such as hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, hydronitrogen, plumbous compound, particulate matter etc.The employing of this equipment and system can make road become to increase the green amount in city together with ecological net, because the present invention has adopted the industrialization structure that can be convenient for changing, maintenance work can be as change the bulb quick carrying out, plant unit module can be made on a large scale and lay in, environmental data can dynamically be delivered to mster-control centre in real time, system can self-supply power source, and the illumination of part finishing at night can also be provided.
The beneficial effect of the present invention aspect high density groups of building environment remediation:
The present invention can adopt the green amount of leaf area by the historical data analysis to municipal pollution situation, formulation subtracts carbon number amount and environment remediation engineering project, according to the equipment that subtracts carbon number amount configuration respective numbers, environment remediation system can form extensive mobility equipment by vehicle-mounted and haul, and repair the part that need to carry out at regular time and quantity environment according to time and client.The present invention does not need soil in blocks just can improve environment, and environment remediation system applies stereoscopic plant cultivation high-level efficiency has been utilized space, only uses scrappy urban land just can realize comparable forest green amount environmental effect.Solar energy biological utilisation is the most economical environment remediation mode combining of low-carbon energy-saving and environmental protection; The hit key of Urban Environmental Problem of the present invention, has solved the difficult problem of plant growth and urban land resource scarcity, will have the city of pollution or the air displacement in buildings to become oxygen.This product can extensive intensive production, management maintenance is simple, intelligent centralized management, regenerative resource self-powered, solid cultivation, environmental data are measurable and controllable.The ability of native system environment remediation and plant variety, leaf area size, equipment size, regional solar energy w/m 2having direct relation with ecologic environment, will be therefore tandem product.Plant unit module volume is little, convenient transportation, can select different plants, can be the rank vegetation or economic class plant, can large-scale production in warmhouse booth, keep the normal photosynthesis mechanism of plant, therefore can afforest rapidly some areas or street, the greening on traditional soil has a lot of significantly advantages.
The present invention is by plant equipment feature and beneficial effect:
1, solid cultivation is combined with electromechanical equipment and has been opened up environmental emission reduction new thinking:
Photosynthesis of plant module is that plant carries out photosynthetic basic module, because healthy healthy and strong plant just can normally carry out photosynthetic chemical reaction, therefore the maintenance of plant is become to day-to-day work, the characteristic of photosynthesis of plant module provides the convenience on above Function implementation, the flexible combination of photosynthesis of plant module has given new life to ancient plant and up-to-date plant cultivation technology, air displacement environment remediation device is selected flexibly plant, therefore having existing photosynthesis of plant can absorb specific gas again, many commercial uses, the advantage that can be sold by large-scale production.
2, the multiple utilization of plant equipment becomes possibility: solid cultivation is equal to has increased the utilized farming land resource of 1 times to several times (size that depends on equipment), change traditional plant culture simultaneously and utilized pattern, do not need heavy excavation soil, the work of plantation trees, fruit tree, vegetables, all adopt the industrialization production of producing extensively, only need air displacement environment remediation device prefabricated in Ba factory to be transported to Assembling, the plantation object that both can realize a plan.Air displacement environment remediation device has huge social beneficial effect, production more, and the soil of increase is more.
The present invention adopts high-tech environment remediation new product new ideas:
System adopts wired and wireless two kinds of controls and collection in worksite equipment, and system adopts energy harvesting element and the technology of wireless and passive, and scene just can manage by communication network without laying wire, greatly improves technology content and the operability of environment remediation.Network can carry out centralized control and scheduling to the amount of environment remediation and face, for environmental protection industry (epi), is a huge advance made.Can the data of environment remediation be gathered and be monitored, environment remediation system can have dividing of season, utilizes the solar energy W/m having on physical geography position 2as design considerations, consider the overall plan that sun power utilizes.Each unit can be dispatched to the place needing with means of transport and use, and its dirigibility will be played positive role to the environment of quick change Some City.
The present invention is better than existing following several environment remediation technology.
With the comparison of plant walls green wall or living wall technology, native system can form green wall easily, and efficiency is higher, integral installation speed is faster, do not need to use city power supply, vision and air can penetrate by the interstructural space of Knockdown block, can be that green wall can be also the green filters net of hollow out, and the shape of hollow out can be more art up the needs that meet the city appearance of the city or architectural style, 6 logical or 8 logical parts of Knockdown block structure can be done as required adaptive design in profile and color.Native system plant unit directly docks with unit interface, is therefore easy to take out and change plant.
With roof greening technology comparison, native system saves the work of doing structural strengthening, civil engineering work and water-proofing treatment on roof, the more original roof greening of overall weight is compared negligible, roof greening adopts planar fashion, the green amount of environment that native system adopts three-dimensional mode to obtain with considerably beyond roof greening, in management, adopt passive wireless technologies, therefore in speed of application, green amount volume and management level, be all far superior to the technology of existing roof greening.
With urban afforestation or forest comparison, native system can make full use of scattered soil, city and green amount growth goal is realized in street, and do not need the problem of considering that edaphic condition and trees survive, quick repairing environment saves time, the green amount of solid cultivation can design according to plant leaf area, be equivalent to urban forests, but the few soil of more quick use reaches best environmental greening.
With the comparison of warmhouse booth technology, volume of the present invention is little, and position can be with any mobile the present invention of need for environment owing to adopting plant modular structure, and plant equipment replacement can be convenient as more changing the bulb.
With the comparison of oxygenerator technology, the present invention repairs airborne oxygen content in a kind of mode of ecology, adopts carbon oxygen cycle, and sunshine biological utilisation, without consuming electric energy, can increase airborne oxygen content greatly.
With the comparison of existing all air conditioner energy saving technology, air displacement environment remediation device of the present invention can form the empty green wall of structure thoroughly of indoor or outdoor three-dimensional plant and make airstrainer, the three-dimensional green net of changeableization that light and air can penetrate, be similar to the effect of the airstrainer of air-conditioning unit, the bacteria reducing benefit with the benefit of decreasing temperature and increasing humidity benefit, absorbing carbon dioxide, releasing oxygen, the benefit that lays the dust, the benefit that is absorbed with poisonous gas, green amount, reaches the resultant effect of repairing environment.
With the comparison of existing utilization of regenerative energy technology: the present invention has utilized sun power aspect three, is that solar energy composite of new generation utilizes product.The heating of solar energy heat utilization water, solar energy biological utilisation photosynthesis of plant, solar energy photoelectric conversion solar cell plate, make full use of the solar energy resources in city.Equipment of the present invention carries sun power and wind power generation ability, does not therefore need municipal mains supply, and unnecessary electric energy can be stored in accumulator or battery pack, for illumination or other electricity consumptions.
The present invention is applicable to multi-usage business and the civilian large-scale environment remediation engineerings in indoor and outdoor such as air conditioner system energy saving, building energy conservation, carbon dioxide utilization, harmful gas utilization, on-highway motor vehicle treating tail gas, solar wind-energy popularization and application, urban afforestation, household three-dimensional environment remediation, and can form large size city environment remediation system use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
Fig. 1 is air displacement fundamental diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is air displacement office work schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the Knockdown block structural representation of air displacement environment remediation device.
Fig. 4 is the mounting means schematic diagram of air displacement environment remediation device.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of stereo hollow parts a.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of stereo hollow parts b.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of stereo hollow parts c.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of stereo hollow parts d.
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram that upper and lower stereo hollow parts e adopts docking hollow part a to connect.
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram that upper and lower stereo hollow parts e adopts reducing to connect.
Figure 11 is the interconnective schematic diagram of stereo hollow parts.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of water smoke unit.
Figure 13 is the plant irrigation mode schematic diagram of water planting irrigation pipe network A.
Figure 14 is the plant irrigation mode schematic diagram of water smoke training irrigation pipe network B.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of air displacement environment remediation system central location.
Figure 16 is the schematic diagram that air displacement environment remediation system adopts wired connection.
Figure 17 is the schematic diagram that air displacement environment remediation system adopts wireless connections.
Figure 18 is that system local area network is laid schematic diagram.
Reference numeral: the 1-sun, 2-solar heat energy, 3-sunshine biological energy source, 4-sunshine electric energy, 5-wind energy, 6-carbon dioxide, 7-vehicle exhaust and harmful gas, 8-PM2.5/PM10 and noise, 9-oxygen, 10-energy circulation, 11-air displacement, 12-urban road, 13-buildings, 14-air-conditioning unit, the air-supply of 15-air conditioner, the new wind of 16-air conditioner, the air draft of 17-air conditioner, 18-air displacement environment remediation device, 19-photosynthesis of plant modular unit, 20-intelligent cell, 21-energy storage unit, 22-water smoke unit, 23-lighting unit, 24-Knockdown block structure, 25-central location, 26-plant, 27-photosynthesis of plant medium, 28-planting cup, 29-field controller, 30-control system access device, 31-Input/Output external unit, 32-collection of energy element, 33-solar panel, 34-wind energy generating plant, 35-accumulator and battery pack, 36-AC/DC changeover switch, 37-water pump, 38-water valve, 39-vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A, 40-irrigates arm, 41-backwater supervisor, 42-water tank, 43-filtrator, 44-water fog generator, 45-solar water heater, 46-lamp, 47-lamp bracket, 48-well heater, 49-pedestal, 50-jacking, 51-mini sprinkler, 52-wheel, 53-stereo hollow parts a, 54-stereo hollow parts b, 55-stereo hollow parts c, 56-field planting hole, 57-docking hollow part a, 58-docking hollow part b, 59-side interface, the upper lower interface of 60-, 61-vertical tube, 62-transverse tube, 63-stereo hollow parts d, 64-air hole, 65-reservoir bed, 66-buffer tank, 67-stereo hollow parts e, 68-system local area network, 69-transportation equipment, 70-communication network access device, 71-IP/Ethernet, 72-Dasy-Chain, 73-wireless network, 74-communication network, 75-BACnet automatic building control system, 76-temperature sensor T, 77-humidity sensor H, 78-gas concentration lwevel sensor CO2, 79-terminal box, 80-vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B.
Embodiment
Embodiment is shown in Figure 1, the energy that the sun 1 sends and waste gas of air conditioner air draft 17, carbon dioxide 6, vehicle exhaust and harmful gas 7, PM2.5/PM10 and the noise 8 of from city/road 12, buildings 13 and air-conditioning unit 14, discharging, oxygen 9 actings in conjunction, in air displacement environment remediation device 18, are carried out stored energy 10, air displacement 11.3 kinds of energy mode by air displacement environment remediation device 18 sun power are all exploited:
1. sunshine electric energy 4, and air displacement environment remediation device 18 converts electric energy to after utilizing solar panel 33 to absorb sun power, via AC/DC changeover switch 36, are stored in 35 li of accumulator or battery pack, the electric load of air supply displacement environment prosthetic device 18.
2. sunshine biological energy source 3, and plant 26 absorbs sunshine biological energy source 3 and becomes oxygen 4 with the photobiochemistry reaction conversions of carbon dioxide 6, vehicle exhaust and harmful gas 7 process plants, completes solar energy to conversion and the air displacement 11 of bio-energy; The oxygen 9 generating increases the oxygen 9 in atmospheric environment, so the raising of the oxygen level of the new wind 16 of air conditioner, and the air quality of air conditioner air-supply 15 also improves simultaneously.Summer annual 26 heat-absorbing actions own reduce outdoor new air temperature, stop that cold air improves outdoor new air temperature, has reduced the treated energy consumption of air-conditioning unit 14 new wind winter.Air conditioner air draft 17 is discharged dirty gas and is mixed with outside atmosphere, carries out next solar energy to conversion and the air displacement 11 of bio-energy, the work that air displacement environment remediation device 18 goes round and begins again in this way.Air displacement environment remediation device 18 also has the effect that ecology synthesis is repaired, the benefit that lays the dust of plant leaf is useful to reducing PM2.5/PM10 and noise 8, air displacement environment remediation device 18 has improved the green capacity of local environment, plant discharges water by transpiration, reduce environment temperature, therefore can alleviating urban heat island effect.
Air displacement environment remediation device 18 is positioned over effect when indoor with carbon oxygen cycle comprehensive repair indoor ecological environment, plant leaf not only improves the green capacity of indoor environment but also directly improves the content of oxygen in room air, reduce carbon dioxide and the aerial composition of multiple harmful gas, make because human lives after modern industrialization revolution improves with the separated of natural plants the infinite space that Knockdown block structure of the present invention can priming chamber implants green fitting artistic creation.Especially the big city air pollution such as Beijing Today Shanghai has a strong impact in the healthy situation of people, makes the people can be in indoor breathing to fresh, through plant purification air there is very important realistic meaning.
3. solar heat energy 2 utilizes, by solar water heater 45, and the water temperature of heating water smoke unit 22.
The stored energy of air displacement environment remediation device 18 comprises sun power and wind energy, adopts which kind of means of energy storage, can grasp flexibly according to place to use Renewable Energy Resources situation.The dynamics of air displacement depends on that air displacement environment remediation device 18 selects the volume of the green amount of the overall leaf area of species and unit of plant, the environment remediation engineering design that can quantize according to leaf area regression equation.
Planting cup 28 in described photosynthesis of plant modular unit water smoke training irrigation pipe network B19 water smoke training irrigation pipe network B is between plant 26 and field planting thing hole 56, plant root and plant nutrition liquid are kept in touch, and are protective plant the root new environment of adaptation is used fast nutrient solution or diaphragm before plant fixing;
During plant medium training, photosynthesis of plant medium 27 is to adopt existing plant culture material and control root technology, has water suction, infiltration, moisture-keeping functions, can supply plant root apposition growth.Planting cup 28 is the carriers that load photosynthesis of plant medium 27, and profile and shell adaptation design as required.
Shown in Figure 2, indoor carbon oxygen replacement process is by outdoor new wind, to be brought into the high pollution hypoxic air composition of indoor carbon dioxide 6+ vehicle exhaust and harmful gas 7+PM2.5/PM10 and noise 8, converts in the composition of air supply chamber of high oxygen 9, low carbon dioxide 6 after air conditioner air outlet penetrates Knockdown block structure 24; Return air inlet for air-conditioner plant transpiration release water with heat absorption to environment temperature reduction humidification, inhale enter air-conditioning return air and new wind after carbon oxygen mix wind section, reduce air-conditioning and process required energy consumption, raising air-conditioning 15 air qualities.Field controller equipment can be provided by BACnet automatic building control system 75 suppliers, field controller and 75 information sharings of BACnet automatic building control system, the technological requirement of utilizing BACnet automatic building control system 75 to propose according to air displacement environment remediation device 18 is carried out control program programming.
Shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, described air displacement environment remediation device, comprise photosynthesis of plant modular unit, for the water smoke unit of plant irrigation, for controlling and intelligent cell, energy storage unit, the lighting unit of monitoring device operation, and for loading the supporter of each unit;
Photosynthesis of plant modular unit 19 is by planting cup 28, and the photosynthesis of plant medium 27 of implanting and plant 26 compositions; Planting cup 28 can be made by various materials with holes, and plant 26 is put into field planting hole by the fixing rear integral body of medium 27 after putting into planting cup 28.
Water smoke unit 22 comprises water tank 42 and the irrigation pipe network being attached thereto;
Intelligent cell 20 comprises field controller 29 and the Input/Output external unit 31 being attached thereto;
Supporter is the Knockdown block structure at least consisting of stereo hollow parts, vertical tube, jacking and pedestal, and stereo hollow parts are useful on the upper lower interface of mutual docking up and down.Knockdown block structure 2 is by having formed a hollow pillar stand that runs through Knockdown block structure 24 after stereo hollow assembling parts one by one, and this hollow pillar stand is used as the water power vertical shaft of whole equipment, can be for vertical tube 61, vibration means for main pipe for supplying water, irrigation arm 40 are installed.Upper and lower stereo hollow components interior is provided for laying the vertical tube of power lead and signal wire, and vertical tube 61 waterproof sealings, if also can have joint in the middle of needing.The upper and lower two ends of vertical tube are connected with the terminal box on jacking with pedestal respectively after passing stereo hollow parts, and there is wheel the bottom surface of pedestal, and wheel 52 can be installed as required or not install; Stereo hollow component side walls has one at least for the side interface of photosynthesis of plant module is installed.
Energy storage unit 21 is comprised of accumulator and battery pack 35, AC/DC changeover switch 36, wind energy generating plant 34 and solar panel 33; Solar panel 33 is installed on supporter towards sunny side or end face, wind energy generating plant 34 is installed on the jacking of supporter, accumulator and battery pack 35, AC/DC changeover switch 36 are installed on supporter pedestal, and wind energy generating plant 34 is connected with battery pack 35 with accumulator through AC/DC changeover switch 36 with solar panel 33.The power storage amount of solar panel and accumulator and battery pack can be with reference to local solar day according to design data.
Lighting unit 23 consists of lamp 46, lamp bracket 47 and well heater 48, and the power lead of lamp 46 and well heater 48 is connected with battery pack 35 with external power supply or accumulator.
Shown in Fig. 5~10, stereo hollow parts can have following several typical structure:
Referring to Fig. 5, stereo hollow parts a53 profile, be cylindrical shape, it has upper lower interface 60 up and down, and sidewall all has two bifurcateds all around, is provided with reservoir bed 65 in each bifurcated, has 8 bifurcateds.Side interface 59 can be provided with air hole 64 as required higher than the position of reservoir bed 65.
Shown in Figure 6, described stereo hollow parts b54 profile is cylindrical shape, and it has upper lower interface 60 up and down, and left and right sides wall respectively has 2 side interfaces 59, in docking hollow part b58, be provided with reservoir bed 65, docking hollow part b58 can be provided with air hole 64 as required higher than the position of reservoir bed 65.
Shown in Figure 7, described stereo hollow parts c55 profile is cylindrical shape, and it has upper lower interface 60 up and down, and sidewall respectively has 1 side interface 59 all around, is provided with reservoir bed 65 in each bifurcated, has 4 side interfaces.Side interface 59 can be provided with air hole 64 as required higher than the position of reservoir bed 65.
Shown in Figure 8, the profile of stereo hollow parts d63 is cylindrical shape, and it has upper lower interface 60 up and down, each side has two bifurcateds, has four bifurcateds, is provided with reservoir bed 65 in each bifurcated, on bifurcated, can open arbitrarily field planting hole 56.Side interface 59 can be provided with air hole 64 as required higher than the position of reservoir bed 65.
Shown in Figure 9, stereo hollow parts e 67 profiles are cylindrical shape, and it has upper lower interface 60 up and down, and sidewall has the side interface 59 of 4 opening distributions straggly.Between upper and lower two stereo hollow parts e67, by docking hollow part a 57, be tightly connected, docking hollow part a 57 dashed middle line represent fin, and this fin is just stuck in docking hollow part a 57 inside by upper and lower stereo hollow parts.
Shown in Figure 10, also can being connected up and down by reducing, bayonet socket, screw-socket between upper and lower stereo hollow parts.Under upper stereo hollow parts e67, bore is less than the suitable for reading of the next stereo hollow parts e67, and during docking, the end opening of upper stereo hollow parts e67 is just stuck in the suitable for reading of the next stereo hollow parts e67.Other stereo hollow parts in like manner.
Shown in Figure 11, between the stereo hollow parts b54 of left and right, can be interconnected by transverse tube 62.The side interface 59 of stereo hollow parts b54 can be connected with docking hollow part b58.
Shown in Figure 12, irrigation pipe network has water planting irrigation pipe network A and water smoke to train two kinds of irrigation pipe network B.
Water planting irrigation pipe network A comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A39, backwater supervisor 41, irrigates arm 40, is connected to the filtrator 43 on backwater supervisor, and be connected to water pump 37 and the water valve 38 on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A, irrigate the stereo hollow components interior that arm is connected between vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A and backwater supervisor and passes into supporter, irrigate on arm 40 and be distributed with drip irrigation hole;
Water smoke training irrigation pipe network B comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B80, backwater supervisor 41, is connected to the filtrator 43 on backwater supervisor, and is connected to water fog generator 44 and the mini sprinkler 51 on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B, and vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B passes into the stereo hollow components interior of supporter.
Plant water supply security is to ensure that plant carries out the key condition that normal carbon oxygen is breathed, and buffer tank 66 is arranged in the jacking of air displacement environment remediation device 18, can utilize under special circumstances automatic plant 26 water sources of supplying with under Action of Gravity Field.The drip irrigation arm that buffer tank 66 arranges by annular drips downwards, and its annular shape is consistent with the hollow part annular retaining of bottom, makes water can arrive plant root.
On water planting irrigation pipe network A or water smoke training irrigation pipe network B market, there is multiple product available, as long as can meet plant culture needs, all can use.
Shown in Figure 13, the water of water planting irrigation pipe network A, nutrient solution first splash into by irrigating arm 40 through vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A39, owing to being provided with reservoir bed 65 in stereo hollow parts d 63 bifurcateds, therefore form local water storage and supply with plant 26 root nutrition liquid and moisture content.Allow the root system of plant 26 directly be soaked in nutrient solution, allow root system absorb the most rapidly the required various mineral elements of plant strain growth with the most direct method, nutrient solution conditions evenly and unanimously, can as medium soil cultivation, there is not the resistance of growth in root system yet, can be as decomposition and the impact of the soil fixing occurring in soil cultivation and microorganism yet, under such environment, root system has the path that the most directly absorbs moisture content and mineral nutrition, and the contact surface area of root and nutrient solution is also maximized, no matter active absorption or Passive intake all clisis more moisture content and nutrition than medium or earth culture cultivation.Plant 26 is put into the rear insertion field planting hole 56 of planting cup 28, and fixedly plant of medium can be placed in the space between the root of plant 26 and planting cup 28, and plant is immersed in the water during 26 root water planting, during medium training, takes root in photosynthesis of plant medium 27.
Shown in Figure 14, the mini sprinkler 51 of water smoke training irrigation pipe network B sprays nutrient solution and the moisture content of atomization and supplies with plant 26 rhizospheres, plant 26 rhizospheres are when obtaining adequate nutrients, root system stretches freely, oxygen picked-up direct convenience and plentiful, moisture content absorbs rapid and convenient and evenly, mineral nutrition collocation atomizing is supplied with, for the rhizosphere environmental creation of plant the environment space of the most sharp absorption and metabolism growth, this is that other any cultivation modes can not be compared.Remove vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B, the main channel that when stereo hollow components interior is also water fog generator 44 output water smoke, water smoke rises, then fog falls apart to each field planting hole.
Shown in Figure 15, air displacement environment remediation system comprises at least one air displacement environment remediation device 18, also comprises the central location 25 being connected with each air displacement environment remediation device 18.Through control system access device, three kinds of communication modes with IP/Ethernet71, Dasy-Chain72, wireless network 73 are connected with the wired or wireless field controller 29 in lower end central location 25.Central location 25 also comprises communication network 74, communication network access terminal equipment 70 and system local area network 68.Central location 25 can be connected and realize information sharing with the central location 25 of another one air displacement environment remediation system by Internet or special line.In figure, illustrated the connected mode of wired or wireless field controller 29 under wired and radio conditions, wherein solid line is wired mode IP/Ethernet71, Dasy-Chain72, and dotted line is wireless mode wireless network 73.Because controller has different communication modes, it is wired interval scale cable controller that field controller 29 is worked as system, when system is wireless interval scale wireless controller.
Shown in Figure 16, upper level central location 25 connects the wired field controller of next stage by control system access device, and wired field controller connects Input/Output external unit by wire.Controller Input/Output external unit comprises that all wired analog-and digital-amount input and output enter equipment, and such as temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide, valve actuator, all kinds of warnings etc., omits equipment list herein.
Shown in Figure 17, upper level central location 25 connects next stage wireless two-way field controller by control system access device, and wireless two-way field controller is by reception of wireless signals and control Input/Output external unit, does not need wire.
Shown in Figure 18, the air displacement environment remediation device 18 that is arranged on outdoor urban road 12 and buildings 13 peripheries forms air displacement environment remediation system, air displacement environment remediation device 18 can increase Repair strength as required, such as becoming single, is double measure.Air displacement environment remediation device 18 can transport scene to by transportation equipment 69, changes fast the green capacity of environment, realizes the function of carbon oxygen cycle.By system local area network 68, realizing information sharing and the United Dispatching of intercity air displacement environment remediation system central location 25 manages.Not etc., carbon oxygen cycle dynamics can be not different according to the situation of various places for air displacement environment remediation device 18 quantity of each LAN (Local Area Network).

Claims (9)

1. an air displacement environment remediation device, it is characterized in that: comprise photosynthesis of plant modular unit (19), for the water smoke unit (22) of plant irrigation, for controlling and the intelligent cell (20) of monitoring device operation, and for loading the supporter of each unit;
Described photosynthesis of plant modular unit (19) is by planting cup (28), and the photosynthesis of plant medium (27) in planting cup (28) and plant (26) composition;
Described water smoke unit (22) comprises water tank (42) and the irrigation pipe network being attached thereto;
The Input/Output external unit (31) that described intelligent cell (20) comprises field controller (29) and is attached thereto;
Described supporter is the Knockdown block structure (24) at least consisting of stereo hollow parts, vertical tube (61), terminal box (79), jacking (50) and pedestal (49), stereo hollow parts are useful on the upper lower interface (60) of mutual docking up and down, stereo hollow components interior is provided for laying the vertical tube (61) of power lead and signal wire, the upper and lower two ends of vertical tube are connected with the terminal box (79) on jacking (50) with pedestal (49) respectively after passing stereo hollow parts, and there is wheel (52) bottom surface of pedestal (49); Stereo hollow component side walls has one at least for the side interface (59) of photosynthesis of plant module (19) is installed, and reservoir bed (65) is arranged at side interface (59) bottom, between reservoir bed (65) and planting cup (28), is air layer;
Described irrigation pipe network has water planting irrigation pipe network A and water smoke to train two kinds of irrigation pipe network B;
Water planting irrigation pipe network A at least comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A(39), backwater supervisor (43), irrigate arm (40), be connected to the filtrator (43) on backwater supervisor, and be connected to solar water heater (45), water pump (37) and the water valve (38) on vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A, irrigate arm (40) and be connected in vibration means for main pipe for supplying water A(39) and backwater supervisor (43) between and pass into the stereo hollow components interior of supporter, on irrigation arm (40), be distributed with drip irrigation hole;
Water smoke training irrigation pipe network B at least comprises vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B(80), backwater supervisor (43), be connected to the filtrator (43) on backwater supervisor, and be connected to vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B(80) on water fog generator (44) and mini sprinkler (51), vibration means for main pipe for supplying water B(80) pass into the stereo hollow components interior of supporter.
2. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described air displacement environment remediation device (18) also comprises energy storage unit (21), energy storage unit (21) are comprised of accumulator and battery pack (35), AC/DC changeover switch (36), wind energy generating plant (34) and solar panel (33); Solar panel (33) is installed on supporter towards sunny side or end face, wind energy generating plant (34) is installed on supporter jacking, accumulator and battery pack (35), AC/DC changeover switch (36) are installed on supporter pedestal, and wind energy generating plant (34) is connected with battery pack (35) with accumulator through AC/DC changeover switch (36) with solar panel (33).
3. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described field controller (29) comprises wired field controller and wireless two-way field controller, Input/Output external unit (31) is connected with wireless two-way field controller through wireless network by collection of energy element (32), and through wire, be connected field controller (29) and the networking of BACnet automatic building control system with wired field controller.
4. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in the jacking of described supporter (50), be provided with the buffer tank (66) for supplying with plant nutrition liquid.
5. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described air displacement environment remediation device (18) also comprises lighting unit (23); Lighting unit (23) consists of lamp (46), lamp bracket (47) and well heater (48), and the power lead of lamp (46) and well heater (48) is connected with battery pack (35) with external power supply or accumulator.
6. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the side interface of described stereo hollow parts (59) outwards bifurcated extend or with docking hollow part b(58) be connected;
When the outside bifurcated of side interface (59) extends, bifurcated extension has field planting hole (56), photosynthesis of plant modular unit (19) is placed wherein, planting cup (28) is between plant (26) and field planting hole (56), irrigate arm (40) and extend to inside, bifurcated extension, reservoir bed (65) is arranged at bottom, bifurcated extension, and side interface (59) has air hole (64) higher than the position of reservoir bed (65);
Side interface (59) and docking hollow part b(58) while being connected, docking hollow part b(58) on, have the field planting hole (56) for placing photosynthesis of plant modular unit (19), planting cup (28) is between field planting hole (56) and photosynthesis of plant medium (27), irrigate arm (40) and be arranged at docking hollow part b(58) inside, docking hollow part b(58) reservoir bed (65) is arranged at bottom, docking hollow part b(58) higher than the position of reservoir bed (65), have air hole (64).
7. according to the air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described stereo hollow parts being connected up and down by upper lower interface (60), upper lower interface (60) is reducing, bayonet socket or screw-socket, or stereo hollow parts are by docking hollow part a(57) be tightly connected, docking hollow part a(57) there is the fin of a circle and the clamping of stereo hollow parts at inwall middle part, and stereo hollow parts snap in docking hollow part a(57) inside;
Described stereo hollow parts arrange separately or left and right is interconnected by transverse tube (62).
8. an air displacement environment remediation system that adopts air displacement environment remediation device described in claim 1~7 any one, comprise at least one air displacement environment remediation device (18), it is characterized in that: also comprise the central location (25) being connected with each air displacement environment remediation device (18);
Described central location (25) comprises BACnet automatic building control system (75), communication line and control system access device (30); Field controller (29) in intelligent cell (20) is connected with control system access device (30) through communication line, communication line has Daisy-Chain(72), wireless network (73) and IP/Ethernet(71) three kinds, control system access device (30) is connected with BACnet automatic building control system (75) again.
9. described air displacement environment remediation system according to Claim 8, is characterized in that: described central location (25) also comprises communication network (74), communication network access terminal equipment (70) and system local area network (68); Communication network is Internet or special line, the BACnet automatic building control system (75) of central location (25) is connected by communication network (74) and another central location (25), or realizes information sharing through communication network access terminal equipment (70) and third party device; Be positioned between the central location (25) of different cities and keep information sharing and United Dispatching management by system local area network (68).
CN201210185456.0A 2012-06-07 2012-06-07 Repairing device and repairing system for air replacing environment Expired - Fee Related CN102692909B (en)

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CN103017276B (en) * 2012-12-26 2015-05-13 江素霞 Ecological building energy-saving system and use method thereof
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