CN103340328A - Aquatic feed protein source - Google Patents

Aquatic feed protein source Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103340328A
CN103340328A CN2013103182488A CN201310318248A CN103340328A CN 103340328 A CN103340328 A CN 103340328A CN 2013103182488 A CN2013103182488 A CN 2013103182488A CN 201310318248 A CN201310318248 A CN 201310318248A CN 103340328 A CN103340328 A CN 103340328A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
artemia
aquatic
protein sources
bean dregs
aquatic feeds
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013103182488A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓亦君
罗颖
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ZHEJIANG KANGHUI BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ZHEJIANG KANGHUI BIOTECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2013103182488A priority Critical patent/CN103340328A/en
Publication of CN103340328A publication Critical patent/CN103340328A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to the aquatic feed field and in particular relates to an aquatic feed protein source. The aquatic feed protein source provided by the invention adopts artemia powder to replace living artemia egg; the artemia adult resource is abundant, easily available and cheap; the artemia adult is processed into artemia powder, so that most of the nutrition ingredients of the artemia adult are stored, and therefore, the manufacturing cost of the aquatic feed protein source is lowered. Moreover, the artemia powder has a high nutritional value, so that the nutritional value of the aquatic feed is improved.

Description

The aquatic feeds protein sources
Technical field
The present invention relates to the aquatic feeds field, relate in particular to the aquatic feeds protein sources.
Background technology
China is world-class aquatic products big country, aquaculture output accounts for about 70% of world's aquaculture total amount, aquatic products are primary pillars of China's Agricultural outlet, but be subjected to medicament residue, multiple factor affecting such as cost rising, product water outlet slows down year by year, some high-grade aquatic products such as flounders, flounder, salmon, ablen, import volume but increases year by year, high-grade aquatic products import volume increases year by year, one of them major reason is exactly that the aquatic seedling survival rate is not high, in addition, and the improving constantly of living standards of the people, diet structure changes, the diet that the higher fatty acid high-octane diet of changing over is high protein and low fat.
In order to adapt to this variation, from the eighties in last century to the beginning of this century, China's culture fishery is flourish, China's nursery is from the Liaoning in the north, Shandong, Lianyun Harbour is up to southern Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, various places spread all over the country, in aquaculture is grown seedlings, usually adopt live bait as the bait of the young, as little algae, wheel animalcule and artemia larvae etc., because its nutritional labeling and the aquatic products young approach, its principle is: when growing seedlings artemia ovum hatching become the halogen worm as the opening material aquatic seedling of feeding, owing to pollute or climate reasons, make halogen worm's ovum big bulge in price, and supply falls short of demand.
Incomplete statistics according to the whole nation: about 2500 tons of China's annual import halogen worm's ovum, except being widely used in shrimp seedling, juvenile crab, also be used for the cultivation of the high-grade fry of seawater in recent years, as: lefteye flounder, turbot, salmon, grouper, abalone, yellow croaker etc.Use live bait to exist a lot of unfavorable factors, on the one hand, owing to be subjected to multiple condition effect such as environment and management, cause output and the quality instability of live bait; On the other hand, the cultivation of live bait need expend a large amount of financial resource and material resource, thereby the cost that causes culturing aquatic livestock is very high; Simultaneously, the artemia larvae of hatching is individual or bigger, can not feed than its little aquatic young; In addition, this live bait lacks spirulina, wheel animalcule and nutriment thereof.
Summary of the invention
Aquatic feeds protein sources provided by the invention is intended to overcome the deficiency that is of low nutritive value in the prior art.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: the aquatic feeds protein sources comprises that the percentage by weight of following each component of component is: artemia powder 40%~65%, wheel animalcule 5%~10%, spirulina 1%~5%, white fish meal 10%~30% and fermented bean dregs 10%~15%.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 50%, wheel animalcule 5%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 10%, the aquatic feeds protein sources of this proportioning because artemia powder content is lower, has reduced the cost of manufacture of aquatic feeds protein sources.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 65%, wheel animalcule 7%, spirulina 3%, white fish meal 10% and fermented bean dregs 15%, the aquatic feeds protein sources of this proportioning because artemia powder content is higher, has improved the nutritive value of aquatic feeds protein sources.
As preferably, the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 40%, wheel animalcule 10%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 15%, the aquatic feeds protein sources of this proportioning has lower cost of manufacture and higher nutritive value, has improved the cost performance of aquatic feeds protein sources.
As preferably, the number of live bacteria of probiotics in the described fermented bean dregs is greater than 3 * 10 7Cfu/g, because the probio quantity in the fermented bean dregs is more, and fermented bean dregs also has the effect that purifies water, and improved the quality of aquatic feeds protein sources.
Aquatic feeds protein sources provided by the invention, has following advantage: adopt artemia powder to replace live body pot-stewed meat or fowl worm, halogen worm adult resource is but enriched, is easy to get and be inexpensive, halogen worm adult is processed into artemia powder, its nutritional labeling major part is preserved, reduced the cost of manufacture in aquatic products beverage protein source, and artemia powder has higher nutritive value, improved the nutritive value of aquatic feeds.
The specific embodiment
The halogen worm is a kind of small-sized shell-fish aquatic animal that lives in the haline water territory, the first ovum nauplius dry weight of halogen worm resting egg contains albumen about 60%, contain various essential amino acids, higher unsaturated fatty acid, a large amount of trace elements and abundant β-Hu Bu element, riboflavin, hyperglobulinemia and some hormonal substances, halogen worm adult and first ovum nauplius ratio, its form and nutritive value are changed to: length increases, weight increases the weight of, and protein content rises to more than 55% from 42%, the nauplius of halogen worm lacks histidine, methionine, phenylalanine and threonine, and the halogen worm has abundant all essential amino acids of the aquatic animal young, the halogen worm contains each seed amino acid that contains in the fish and shrimp protein as biological feed, its sulfur amino acid content is lower, tryptophan is similar with fish and shrimp content substantially, proline, serine content is a little more than fish and shrimp; And other amino acid content is a little less than fish and shrimp, after measured: artemia powder crude protein content 55.9-57%; Crude fat 7%; Salt 3.6%; Ash 12.1%; Moisture content 7.14%.
Fermented bean dregs adopts low temperature process and ferments with the beneficial flora degree of depth, fermented bean dregs antigen is low, viable bacteria is high and the little peptide content height of active component, it is the good plant protein source that the young ingests, probio and the little peptide of the abundant work that fermented bean dregs contains, viable bacteria can be used to help to set up the microecological balance of seedling body stomach, improves digestibility; Viable bacteria also can be used to help to decompose nutriment more than needed in the breeding water body such as ammonia nitrogen etc. and harmful substance such as nitrite etc., prevent that water quality from degenerating, in water, nitrogen is biological element, be again the main factor of environmental pollution, under action of microorganisms, its conversion is changeable, wherein nitrification and denitrification are key reactions, and it can be with more stable NH + 4Change into NO 3, NO 3Easily diafiltration, by plant absorbing or further denitrogenation, the microorganism of culturing in the water can be converted to ammonia nitrogen with the complicated organic matter that does not have catapepsis to absorb, usually be called ammonification, ammonia nitrogen concentration is too high can to form " eutrophy " water, form great harm to culturing, ammonia nitrogen can be under beneficial flora and aerobic condition, ammonia nitrogen is oxidized to nitrate and nitrite, reach the purpose that purifies water, the part that the aquatic animal seedling is eaten, can help to set up seedling body stomach microecological balance, promote Alimentary growth, promote the digestibility of bait; The part of not eating is perhaps eaten and with the viable bacteria that ight soil is got rid of, can be played nitrifier in water, absorb or digest, decompose unnecessary nutriment in the breeding water body, prevent that water quality from degenerating, both solved nutrition problem, solved the problem that purifies water again.
Embodiment one
The aquatic feeds protein sources, comprise that the percentage by weight of following each component of component is: artemia powder 50%, wheel animalcule 5%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 10%, the number of live bacteria of probiotics in the described fermented bean dregs is greater than 3 * 10 7Cfu/g.
Adopt the aquatic feeds protein sources of present embodiment as the batching of feed, in the aquatic products feeding process, seedling has higher survival rate, and the long-term back water quality of raising does not have obvious change, artemia powder content in the present embodiment is lower, has reduced the cost of manufacture of aquatic feeds protein sources.
Embodiment two
The aquatic feeds protein sources, the percentage by weight that comprises following each component of component is: the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 65%, wheel animalcule 7%, spirulina 3%, white fish meal 10% and fermented bean dregs 15%, the number of live bacteria of probiotics in the described fermented bean dregs is greater than 3 * 10 7Cfu/g.
Adopt the aquatic feeds protein sources of present embodiment as the batching of feed, in the aquatic products feeding process, seedling has higher survival rate, and the long-term back water quality of raising does not have obvious change, because artemia powder content is higher, improved the nutritive value of aquatic feeds protein sources simultaneously.
Embodiment three
The aquatic feeds protein sources, comprise that the percentage by weight of following each component of component is: artemia powder 40%, wheel animalcule 10%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 15%, the number of live bacteria of probiotics in the described fermented bean dregs is greater than 3 * 10 7Cfu/g.
Adopt the aquatic feeds protein sources of present embodiment as the batching of feed, in the aquatic products feeding process, seedling has higher survival rate, and the long-term back water quality of raising does not have obvious change, present embodiment combines the advantage of embodiment one and embodiment two, the aquatic feeds protein sources has lower cost of manufacture and higher nutritive value, has improved the cost performance of aquatic feeds protein sources.
Being preferred embodiment of the present invention only below, being intended to embody outstanding technique effect of the present invention and advantage, is not to be restriction to technical scheme of the present invention.This area the skill personnel it should be understood that, all modifications of making based on the technology of the present invention content, variation or substitute technology feature all should be covered by in the technology category of claims opinion of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. aquatic feeds protein sources, it is characterized in that: the percentage by weight that comprises following each component of component is: artemia powder 40%~65%, wheel animalcule 5%~10%, spirulina 1%~5%, white fish meal 10%~30% and fermented bean dregs 10%~15%.
2. aquatic feeds protein sources according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 50%, wheel animalcule 5%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 10%.
3. aquatic feeds protein sources according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 65%, wheel animalcule 7%, spirulina 3%, white fish meal 10% and fermented bean dregs 15%.
4. aquatic feeds protein sources according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the percentage by weight of described each component is: artemia powder 40%, wheel animalcule 10%, spirulina 5%, white fish meal 30% and fermented bean dregs 15%.
5. according to any described aquatic feeds protein sources of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: the number of live bacteria of probiotics in the described fermented bean dregs is greater than 3 * 10 7Cfu/g.
CN2013103182488A 2013-07-25 2013-07-25 Aquatic feed protein source Pending CN103340328A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105746950A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-13 青岛农业大学 Penaeus vannamei larva feed and method for preparing same
CN106260769A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special nursery bait of bird shrimp and preparation method thereof
CN106578356A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 生物源生物技术(深圳)股份有限公司 Animal nutrition enhancer and application thereof
CN106901064A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-30 山东贝瑞康生物科技有限公司 A kind of aquatic fry growing microcapsule powder and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101569377A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-11-04 厦门市海林生物饲料有限公司 Shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN101874566A (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-11-03 天津市职业大学 Formula of high protein feed
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CN102894203A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 威海金牌饲料有限公司 Efficient compound feed for sea cucumber seedling protection
CN102894202A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 威海金牌饲料有限公司 Juvenile abalone universal efficient composite feed

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CN101569377A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-11-04 厦门市海林生物饲料有限公司 Shrimp feed and preparation method thereof
CN101874566A (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-11-03 天津市职业大学 Formula of high protein feed
CN101953437A (en) * 2010-09-15 2011-01-26 福建省水产研究所 Compound feed for grouper larvae and juveniles and preparation method thereof
CN102894203A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 威海金牌饲料有限公司 Efficient compound feed for sea cucumber seedling protection
CN102894202A (en) * 2011-07-28 2013-01-30 威海金牌饲料有限公司 Juvenile abalone universal efficient composite feed

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105746950A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-13 青岛农业大学 Penaeus vannamei larva feed and method for preparing same
CN106260769A (en) * 2016-08-19 2017-01-04 广西正五海洋产业股份有限公司 Special nursery bait of bird shrimp and preparation method thereof
CN106578356A (en) * 2016-12-15 2017-04-26 生物源生物技术(深圳)股份有限公司 Animal nutrition enhancer and application thereof
CN106578356B (en) * 2016-12-15 2020-09-11 生物源生物技术(深圳)股份有限公司 Animal nutrition enhancer and application thereof
CN106901064A (en) * 2017-01-13 2017-06-30 山东贝瑞康生物科技有限公司 A kind of aquatic fry growing microcapsule powder and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20131009