CN103334214B - Multi-layer signature cotton socks and weaving method thereof - Google Patents

Multi-layer signature cotton socks and weaving method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103334214B
CN103334214B CN201310287409.1A CN201310287409A CN103334214B CN 103334214 B CN103334214 B CN 103334214B CN 201310287409 A CN201310287409 A CN 201310287409A CN 103334214 B CN103334214 B CN 103334214B
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China
Prior art keywords
shuttle
cotton
ramie
yarn
layer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310287409.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103334214A (en
Inventor
徐辉
况水古
汤忠民
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Jiangxi Jingzhu Industry Co., Ltd.
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JIANGXI JINGZHU INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a pair of multi-layer ramie socks which is simple, reasonable and stable in structure and a multi-layer ramie sock weaving method which is easy to implement. Each multi-layer signature cotton sock comprises a cotton yarn layer, a ramie layer and an elastic chemical fiber layer arranged between the cotton yarn layer and the ramie layer. The weaving method comprises the steps of yarn softening processing, sock weaving, woven sock emulsion removing and settling and shaping processing, wherein the sock weaving step comprises the steps that a three-hole shuttle is arranged on a weaving machine, the first hole of the three-hole shuttle is a cotton yarn inlet, the second hole of the three-hole shuttle is an elastic chemical fiber inlet, the third hole of the three-hole shuttle is a ramie yarn inlet, the first shuttle of the weaving machine is a ramie shuttle, the second shuttle is an elastic fiber shuttle, the last shuttle is a cotton yarn shuttle, and the three-hole shuttle is placed behind the elastic chemical fiber shuttle and in front of the cotton yarn shuttle.

Description

A kind of multilayer linen-cotton socks and weaving method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to weaving of a kind of knitting articles for use, particularly relate to a kind of multilayer linen-cotton socks and weaving method thereof.
Background technology
Ramee is tubular fiber structure, and tube wall has hole, and fiber is long, powerful high, and being described as " king of natural fabric ", is China's special product.Due to its architectural characteristic, ramee and products thereof moisture absorption is fast, loose wet fast, good permeability, and its gas permeability is three times of cotton fiber, have absorbing sweat, ventilative, without wet foot, not smelly pin, the excellent einnehmen functions such as prevention beriberi.Therefore, ramie socks are very popular, and are called as healthy socks.But, ramie textile product shortcoming is also more outstanding, as low in ramee number, rigidity greatly, more thick and stiff, ramie yarn and thread filoplume is obvious, especially after being made into socks compared with quilted stockings, ramie socks surface hairiness is many and long, easily balling-up, very not attractive in appearance, both affected the product quality of ramie socks, affected again its outward appearance.And the relative ramie socks of quilted stockings, flexibility, colouring property are better, and filoplume is less and short, but its loose moist, gas permeability is not as ramie socks, therefore, wear quilted stockings gas permeability, loose moist not as ramie socks, easily wet pin, smelly pin.The advantages of two kinds of fibers can be got up, and shield the shortcoming of two kinds of fibers simultaneously, that is: when wearing socks, both felt socks dry and comfortable, ventilative, without wet foot, not smelly pin, meanwhile, again in appearance with equally bright-colored and soft with quilted stockings in feel.Because character feature that is cotton and ramie two kinds of fibrous materials differs greatly, up to the present, by the restriction of existing textile technology, weaving and corresponding weaving machine, be difficult to that simple realization is cotton, fiber crops mixing just can make meet above-mentioned desirable linen-cotton socks (both there is permeability and the dry-touch type of fiber crops, have again cotton flexibility and coloured light is good and filoplume short); If only manufacture two-layer linen-cotton socks with cotton and hemp according to existing weaving machine and corresponding technique, owing to lacking necessary elasticity, this socks are made not have how many practicality; Make linen-cotton socks more satisfactory and receive an acclaim like that with quilted stockings, need to increase one deck elastic fibrous layer between cotton and fiber crops, and the linen-cotton socks that skin is cotton yarn, intermediate layer is elastic fibrous layer, internal layer is pure ramie yarn will be made, existing processing weaving and corresponding knit unit is used to be difficult to realize, even if particularly will really accomplish in dress, also can ensure cotton outside, fiber crops are interior, and elastomer is positioned at middle just more difficult.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the deficiency existed for existing weaving technology, a kind of multilayer ramie socks and weaving method thereof are provided.These multilayer linen-cotton socks are simple and reasonable for structure, stable, reliable, and the method is simple, easy to implement.
The technical scheme of multilayer linen-cotton socks of the present invention comprises at least one deck cotton layer and at least fine layer of one deck elastification, also comprise at least one deck ramie layer, described cotton layer and ramie layer lay respectively at skin and nexine, and described elasticity chemical fiber layer is between cotton layer and ramie layer.
The weaving method of multilayer linen-cotton socks comprises corresponding yarn treatment, the process of socks braiding and knit sock, the process of described yarn and knit sock comprises the sofening treatment of ramie yarn, to removal emulsion and the arrangement heat treatment of knit sock, described socks braiding comprises: for braiding machine arranges the porous shuttle in a hole, road at least three, first hole of porous shuttle is cotton yarn entrance hole, second hole is elasticity chemical fibre entrance hole, 3rd hole is ramie yarn entrance hole, with the first via shuttle of braiding machine for ramie shuttle, No. second shuttle is elastomer shuttle, with last road shuttle of braiding machine for cotton yarn shuttle, after porous shuttle being placed in elasticity chemical fibre shuttle, before cotton yarn shuttle.
When knit sock, the position of described each shuttle is set to: raise one by one successively on vertical plane to last shuttle from first, ramie yarn, elasticity chemical fibre, corresponding three one threads and the angle of cotton in vertical direction respectively and between the respective planes at knitting needle place of porous shuttle reduce successively one by one, reduce one by one successively to the distance of last shuttle respectively and between the corresponding plane at knitting needle place from first in the horizontal plane, ramie yarn, elasticity chemical fibre, corresponding three one threads and the angle of cotton in the horizontal direction respectively and between the respective planes at knitting needle place of porous shuttle reduce successively one by one.
It is 250 sofening treatment than the emulsion of 0.9-1.1, ramie yarn being soaked to 15-25 or 18-22 minute that the sofening treatment of described ramie yarn comprises by warm water or boiling water and the proportioning of oil emulsion.
Described knit sock go emulsion and arrange heat treatment, comprise after knit sock is soaked 0.5-3 hour or 1-2 hour in the cleaning solution that warm water is modulated and carry out washing, cleaning and processed, knit sock moisture content after dehydration is 55-65%, its arrangement sizing comprises uses 2.0-2.2kg pressure, and 90 DEG C of-115 DEG C of temperature carry out the pressurize process in 2-8 second.
Described arrangement sizing also comprises through pressurize process and through steam drying, and the knit sock regain after oven dry is 5.5-8.5%.
Described cleaning solution comprises liquid detergent.
The present invention, by the scientific and reasonable setting of inlet wire shuttle, makes in the process of knit sock and dress, can ensure all the time cotton outside, in ramie, the Stability Analysis of Structures that mediates of elasticity chemical fibre is constant, such skin-proximal be pure ramie yarn part all the time; This multilayer linen-cotton socks have the same outward appearance of quilted stockings the same with ramie socks without wet foot, not smelly pin, antibacterial, ventilative, dry and comfortable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
To be that knitting needle and each corresponding shuttle of the braiding machine that the present invention uses is mutually corresponding on the vertical plane arrange structural representation to Fig. 1; To be that knitting needle and each corresponding shuttle of braiding machine is mutually corresponding in the horizontal plane arrange structural representation to Fig. 2.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to technical scheme of the present invention can be understood further, by reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described next by following examples.
The multilayer linen-cotton socks of the present embodiment are three-decker, and its outermost layer is cotton, inner (interior) layer is ramie, middle one deck is spandex.
The method of the present embodiment comprises the process of ramie yarn and thread, socks braiding is carried out with corresponding braiding machine, removal emulsifying agent is carried out to knit sock, arrange the process such as sizing, make the multilayer linen-cotton socks finished product of numb therebetween spandex in outer cotton, concrete grammar is as follows: first carry out sofening treatment to ramie yarn, because ramee softness is not ideal enough, pure ramie yarn is harder, easily produce during braiding and pass judgement, the problem such as dark disconnected, therefore emulsion must be first used to carry out sofening treatment to ramie yarn before braiding, the concrete steps of sofening treatment are: make emulsion with the water of 60 DEG C-100 DEG C and emulsifying agent (as ZY series emulsified oil for ramie) with the ratio that weight ratio is 250 to 1, ramie yarn is put into emulsion immersion and carry out sofening treatment in about 20 minutes.
By cotton yarn, spandex yarn and on the ramie yarn of above-mentioned process braiding machine carry out socks braiding by corresponding yarn inlet wire technological requirement; Braiding machine is provided with hole, road three shuttle, cotton yarn before three hole shuttles (first) hole inlet wire, spandex yarn in three hole shuttles (second) hole inlet wire, ramie yarn from rear (the 3rd) hole inlet wires of three hole shuttles; With the first via inlet wire shuttle of braiding machine for ramie yarn shuttle, No. second shuttle is spandex yarn inlet wire shuttle, then with last road shuttle of braiding machine for cotton yarn shuttle, after three hole shuttles are placed in spandex yarn shuttle, before cotton yarn shuttle.
The mutual corresponding relation that is upper and lower, front and rear direction of each shuttle of braiding machine 9 is (as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2): on vertical (highly) direction the rational height 10 of each corresponding shuttle for spandex shuttle 2 higher than ramie shuttle 1, three hole shuttle 3 higher than spandex shuttle 2, cotton yarn shuttle 4 higher than three hole shuttles 3, corresponding three one threads of corresponding ramie yarn and thread, spandex line, three hole shuttles 3 and cotton on the vertical plane respectively and knitting needle water caltrop 6(knitting needle 6 correspond to syringe 5) angle a between the horizontal plane 8 at place reduces successively one by one; On horizontal plane direction each corresponding shuttle and knitting needle water caltrop 6 place vertical plane between distance 11 for spandex shuttle 2 is bordering on, ramie shuttle 1, three hole shuttle 3 is bordering on spandex shuttle 2, cotton yarn shuttle 4 is bordering on three hole shuttles 3, corresponding three one threads of corresponding ramie yarn and thread, spandex line, porous shuttle 3 and the cotton angle b in the horizontal plane respectively and between the vertical plane 7 at knitting needle water caltrop 6 place reduces successively one by one.
Also the process of removal emulsion must be carried out after socks are woven, knit sock except emulsion processing method be: in the water of 30 DEG C-45 DEG C, add washing system (household laundry liquid also can) soak after 1-2 hour with washing of drum type washing machine, use clear water rinsing 3-4 all over rinsed clean again, dehydration is carried out to the knit sock of rinsed clean and dries a little, moisture content after knit sock is dewatered is about 60%, put socks plate afterwards and put into high steam sizing container with the pressure of 2.0-2.2kg, the temperature of about 105 DEG C carries out the time pressurize of about 5 seconds, pressurize terminates rear taking-up knit sock and puts it in steam drying machine to dry, most relief dry after knit sock regain reach about 6%, finally make and really reach the middle multilayer linen-cotton socks finished product for elastomer of fiber crops in outer cotton.
Above-described embodiment is only the prominent example of application technical solution of the present invention, allly takes equivalent replacement or equivalent transformation and the technical scheme that formed, all drops within the scope of protection of present invention; It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications are also considered as the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. multilayer linen-cotton socks, comprise at least one deck cotton layer and at least fine layer of one deck elastification, it is characterized in that also comprising at least one deck ramie layer, described cotton layer and ramie layer lay respectively at skin and nexine, and described elasticity chemical fiber layer is between cotton layer and ramie layer, described multilayer linen-cotton socks are adopted and are weaved with the following method: corresponding yarn treatment, the process of socks braiding and knit sock, the process of described yarn and knit sock comprises the sofening treatment of ramie yarn, to removal emulsion and the arrangement heat treatment thereof of knit sock, described socks braiding comprises: for braiding machine arranges the porous shuttle in a hole, road at least three, first hole of porous shuttle is cotton yarn entrance hole, second hole is elasticity chemical fibre entrance hole, 3rd hole is ramie yarn entrance hole, with the first via shuttle of braiding machine for ramie shuttle, No. second shuttle is elastomer shuttle, with last road shuttle of braiding machine for cotton yarn shuttle, after porous shuttle being placed in elasticity chemical fibre shuttle, before cotton yarn shuttle, it is the process that 250 emulsions made than the ratio of 0.9-1.1 to soak ramie yarn 15-25 minute that the sofening treatment of described ramie yarn to comprise with the water of 60 DEG C-100 DEG C and emulsifying agent with weight ratio.
2. multilayer linen-cotton socks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that when knit sock, the position of described each shuttle is set to: raise one by one successively on vertical plane to last shuttle from first, ramie yarn, elasticity chemical fibre, corresponding three one threads and the angle of cotton in vertical direction respectively and between the respective planes at knitting needle place of porous shuttle reduce successively one by one, reduce one by one successively to the distance of last shuttle respectively and between the corresponding plane at knitting needle place from first in the horizontal plane, ramie yarn, elasticity chemical fibre, corresponding three one threads and the angle of cotton in the horizontal direction respectively and between the respective planes at knitting needle place of porous shuttle reduce successively one by one.
3. multilayer linen-cotton socks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that removing emulsion and arranging heat treatment of described knit sock, comprise after knit sock is soaked 0.5-3 hour or 1-2 hour in the cleaning solution that warm water is modulated and carry out washing, cleaning and processed, knit sock moisture content after dehydration is 55-65%, its arrangement sizing comprises uses 2.0-2.2kg pressure, and 90 DEG C of-115 DEG C of temperature carry out the pressurize process in 2-8 second.
4. multilayer linen-cotton socks according to claim 3, it is characterized in that described arrangement sizing also comprises and carry out steam drying to the described knit sock through pressurize process, the knit sock regain after oven dry is 5.5-8.5%.
5. multilayer linen-cotton socks according to claim 3, is characterized in that described cleaning solution comprises liquid detergent.
CN201310287409.1A 2013-07-10 2013-07-10 Multi-layer signature cotton socks and weaving method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103334214B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104088069B (en) * 2014-07-04 2016-03-30 江西井竹实业有限公司 High ramie content socks and weaving method thereof
CN104041943B (en) * 2014-07-04 2015-10-07 江西井竹实业有限公司 Health care ramie socks and method for weaving thereof
CN105192898A (en) * 2015-10-21 2015-12-30 江西井竹实业有限公司 Ramie wool warm socks and weaving method thereof
CN105212285A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-06 江西井竹实业有限公司 Ramie blending underpants
CN110106614A (en) * 2019-02-26 2019-08-09 浙江鹏飞针织有限公司 The weaving method of non-skid care function sock

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3828585A (en) * 1972-11-13 1974-08-13 Thorneburg Hosiery Mills Inc Denim sock and method of knitting same
SU878827A1 (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-11-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт текстильно-галантерейной промышленности Needle selector for knitting machine
CN1380455A (en) * 2002-04-30 2002-11-20 史册 Fibrilia athletic hose
CN2894306Y (en) * 2006-05-20 2007-05-02 刘训林 Hemp/cotton stretch sock
CN201971980U (en) * 2010-12-25 2011-09-14 俞忠良 Yarn guide and footwear machine employing same

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS576552Y2 (en) * 1976-08-27 1982-02-06
JPH017742Y2 (en) * 1986-04-18 1989-03-01
JP2005076143A (en) * 2003-08-29 2005-03-24 Hiroshi Setsukawa Yarn feeder for knitting three-layer knitted fabric in flat knitting machine and method for knitting three layer knitted fabric
KR200445869Y1 (en) * 2007-12-21 2009-09-08 방종훈 Thread Guide For Knitting Of Textile In Uniform Pattern

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3828585A (en) * 1972-11-13 1974-08-13 Thorneburg Hosiery Mills Inc Denim sock and method of knitting same
SU878827A1 (en) * 1979-10-29 1981-11-07 Всесоюзный научно-исследовательский институт текстильно-галантерейной промышленности Needle selector for knitting machine
CN1380455A (en) * 2002-04-30 2002-11-20 史册 Fibrilia athletic hose
CN2894306Y (en) * 2006-05-20 2007-05-02 刘训林 Hemp/cotton stretch sock
CN201971980U (en) * 2010-12-25 2011-09-14 俞忠良 Yarn guide and footwear machine employing same

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Effective date of registration: 20160920

Address after: 336000 Yuanzhou Jiangxi Pharmaceutical Industrial Park

Patentee after: Yichun city bamboo socks Co. Ltd.

Address before: 336000 Yuanzhou pharmaceutical Park, Jiangxi, Yichun

Patentee before: Jiangxi Jingzhu Industry Co., Ltd.

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Effective date of registration: 20170918

Address after: 336000 Yuanzhou Jiangxi Pharmaceutical Industrial Park

Patentee after: Jiangxi Jingzhu Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 336000 Yuanzhou Jiangxi Pharmaceutical Industrial Park

Patentee before: Yichun city bamboo socks Co. Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee