CN105544078B - A kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric and its manufacturing method - Google Patents

A kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric and its manufacturing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105544078B
CN105544078B CN201610084993.4A CN201610084993A CN105544078B CN 105544078 B CN105544078 B CN 105544078B CN 201610084993 A CN201610084993 A CN 201610084993A CN 105544078 B CN105544078 B CN 105544078B
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cotton yarn
mould
weave
weaves
tuck
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CN105544078A (en
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罗朝文
陈子明
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Guangdong Esquel Textiles Co Ltd
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Guangdong Esquel Textiles Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/10Patterned fabrics or articles
    • D04B1/12Patterned fabrics or articles characterised by thread material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • D04B1/18Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/19Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with synthetic macromolecular compounds
    • D06M15/37Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M15/643Macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds containing silicon in the main chain
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic
    • D06M16/003Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic with enzymes or microorganisms
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/16Synthetic fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/30Synthetic polymers consisting of macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M2101/38Polyurethanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/10Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyurethanes

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabrics, wherein the thermal fabric is two-sided institutional framework, and centre is formed with air layer;The middle layer of the thermal fabric twists cotton yarn using high;The high cotton yarn of twisting is 100% cotton yarn, and twist factor is 4.3 7.0.The present invention also provides the manufacturing methods of the thermal fabric.Cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present invention, it is poor to solve similar products pilling resistance in the industry of this field, not wear-resisting problem, simultaneously, also there is high resiliency, and the advantages of soft, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable, provide a kind of good autumn and winter thermal fabric for market.

Description

A kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric and its manufacturing method
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of textile more particularly to a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric and its manufacturing methods.
Background technology
Air layer thermal fabric has entitled healthy cloth at home, and there are entitled Technical Fleece in foreign countries, are one Kind special two-sided structure, by the way that board nozzle is turned up away from using special weaving process, the two-sided centre of cloth being made to have larger sky Gap, to reach warming effect, meanwhile, fabric is slim and graceful, soft, clean, is a kind of good autumn and winter thermal fabric.
But in existing product, it is mostly terylene long fibre that centre, which forms air layer and is connected yarn used by positive and negative, Yarn, due to the special construction of fabric, terylene length fibre is particularly easy to be ejected the surface of cloth, since terylene long fibre is not wear-resisting, Lead to pilling, therefore this kind of air layer thermal fabric is susceptible to that pilling is poor, not wear-resisting defect.Due to this problem Presence, ready-made clothes in wearing process because inevitably rubbing with foreign object, such as with the friction of knapsack or when driving and vapour The friction etc. of vehicle safety belt causes ready-made clothes serious pilling occur in friction part, thus may be complained by consumer and even meet with To the return of goods.
Invention content
To solve the easy fuzz balls of similar air layer thermal fabric product in the industry, not wear-resisting problem is of the invention A kind of novel cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is designed to provide so that it can solving the problems, such as fabric pilling Also ensure there is that high resiliency, soft, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable simultaneously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the manufacturing methods of above-mentioned cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric.
In order to reach foregoing invention purpose, the present invention provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, wherein the guarantor Warm fabric is two-sided institutional framework, and centre is formed with air layer;The middle layer of the thermal fabric twists cotton yarn using high;The height Twirl cotton yarn is 100% cotton yarn, twist factor 4.3-7.0.
Using the high twirl cotton yarn in above-mentioned thermal fabric, its role is to the height, which twists cotton yarn, has enough hardness to support The positive and negative of the thermal fabric, the height twist cotton yarn for that among thermal fabric, the centre of the thermal fabric can be made to be formed with one Determine the air layer of thickness, and its positive and negative can be connected.
In above-mentioned thermal fabric, it is preferred that the cloth cover of the thermal fabric uses cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;The guarantor The cloth bottom of warm fabric uses cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;
Preferably, the cotton yarn includes the 100% of the common ring-spun cotton yarn of 100% cotton or 32-60 English branch that 32-60 English props up The twist factor of the common close spinning yarn of cotton, the cotton yarn is 3.2-4.0;
Preferably, the thickness of the polyurethane elastic filament is 20-40 daniers;
Preferably, it is described it is high twist cotton yarn include high twist ring-spun cotton yarn that the 60-100 English that the twist is 33.5-70 props up or The close spinning yarn of high twist that the 60-100 English that the twist is 33.5-70 props up;
It is furthermore preferred that the polyurethane elastic filament includes Lycra and/or elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn;
It is furthermore preferred that the twist of the close spinning yarn of high twist of the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn or 60 English branch of 60 English branch is 33.5-54.0;The twist of the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of 70 English branch or the close spinning yarn of high twist of 70 English branch is 36.0- 58.5;The twist of the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of 80 English branch or the close spinning yarn of high twist of 80 English branch is 38.5-62.5;90 English The twist of the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of branch or the close spinning yarn of high twist of 90 English branch is 40.0-66.5;The high of 100 English branch is twisted The twist for spending ring-spun cotton yarn or the close spinning yarn of high twist of 100 English branch is 43.0-70.0.
In above-mentioned thermal fabric, it is preferred that the grammes per square metre of the thermal fabric is 280-600g/m2, preferably 300g/m2 More than.
In above-mentioned thermal fabric, it is preferred that the anti-fluffing and anti-pilling series of the thermal fabric is more than 3.0.
The present invention also provides the manufacturing methods of above-mentioned thermal fabric comprising following steps:
Using pretreated high cotton yarn of twisting as the raw material yarn of middle layer, cotton yarn is with polyurethane elastic filament as cloth cover and cloth bottom Raw material yarn carry out double knitting, obtain reversible cloth fabric;
The reversible cloth fabric is subjected to pre-setting and functional topical finishing, obtains cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the feeding radical ratio of the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament is 1:1-2.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, it is preferred that the reversible cloth fabric is woven using knitted double-sided machine;It is described double The method of face braiding includes one kind in three mould weaves, four mould weaves, six mould weaves and eight mould weaves;
The method of the three moulds weave includes:Upper lower burrs knitting needle Heterogeneous Permutation, disk weaves the cotton yarn and ammonia on the first mould Synthetic fibre elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Above and below third mould Disk weaves the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck;Alternatively, upper lower burrs knitting needle Heterogeneous Permutation, on the second mould disk weave the cotton yarn with Polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;On third mould Lower wall weaves the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, realizes double knitting;
The method of the four moulds weave includes:The contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and ammonia on the first mould Synthetic fibre elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Above and below third mould Disk weaves the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, Every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the second mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall are not compiled It knits;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;4th mould upper lower burrs weave institute in a manner of tuck High twirl cotton yarn is stated, every needle tuck;Third mould upper lower burrs are woven the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck and are realized two-sided every needle tuck Braiding;
The method of the six moulds weave includes:The contraposition of lower wall knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex on the first mould Elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs The high twirl cotton yarn is woven in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament on 4th mould, and lower wall is not Braiding;Disk does not weave on 5th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs are woven in a manner of tuck The high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of lower wall knitting needle arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn and elastic polyurethane fiber on the second mould Silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs are to collect Circle mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 5th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall are not compiled It knits;Disk does not weave on 4th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave institute in a manner of tuck It states high twirl cotton yarn and realizes double knitting every needle tuck;
The method of the eight moulds weave includes:The contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and ammonia on the first mould Synthetic fibre elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Above and below third mould Disk weaves the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, and every needle tuck, the 4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, Every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 5th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on 6th mould, lower wall Weave the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;7th mould upper lower burrs woven in a manner of tuck it is described it is high twist cotton yarn, every needle tuck, the 8th Mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, on the second mould Disk weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and spandex Elastic filament;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, and every needle tuck, third mould upper lower burrs are in a manner of tuck The high twirl cotton yarn is woven, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 6th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;5th Disk does not weave on mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;8th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl in a manner of tuck Cotton yarn, every needle tuck, the 7th mould upper lower burrs are woven the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck and realize double knitting every needle tuck.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the first mould and the second mould in the three moulds weave exchange, and woven cloth cover is identical;
The first mould and the second mould in the four moulds weave exchange, and third mould and the 4th mould exchange, and woven cloth cover is complete It is identical, and third mould and the 4th mould weave for complement mode;
The first mould and the second mould in the six moulds weave exchange, meanwhile, the 4th mould and the 5th mould exchange, woven cloth cover It is identical;In addition, third mould and the 6th mould exchange, woven cloth cover is identical, and third mould and the 6th mould are complementary mold Formula weaves;
The first mould and the second mould in the eight moulds weave exchange, meanwhile, the 5th mould and the 6th mould exchange, woven cloth cover It is identical;In addition, third mould and the 4th mould exchange, meanwhile, the 7th mould and the 8th mould exchange, and woven cloth cover is identical; And the third mould and the 4th mould are complement mode braiding, the 7th mould is into being complement mode braiding with the 8th mould, third mould and the Seven moulds weave for complement mode.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, it is preferred that the knitted double-sided machine includes large circle machine, and nozzle is away from for 1.2-2.5mm.
When weaving, the board rotating speed of the knitted double-sided machine is 14-18r/min, is 8-12cN into yarn tension.
When weaving, the knitted double-sided machine further includes being furnished with the FEED machines of active yarn transmission device or sending yarn equipped with half positive type Device it is automatic between machine.
When weaving, machine number used in the knitted double-sided machine includes one kind in 15G, 18G, 20G, 22G and 24G.
For above-mentioned large circle machine when carrying out weft knitting braiding, woven fabric process will check that show-through, intermediate trace and polyurethane elastic filament generate Various faults.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the reversible cloth fabric needs progress open-width clot to put after the completion of woven fabric before pre-setting It sets.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, it is preferred that the pretreated method is, by the high cotton yarn of twisting in 60-120 DEG C of item Then boiling 30-80min under part presses 1:The bath raio of 5-40, which is placed in the water softener solution containing 2-8g/L, impregnates, dehydration, Drying obtains pretreated high twirl cotton yarn.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, it is preferred that the temperature of the pre-setting is 180-195 DEG C, and the time is 3-10 minutes, secondary Number is 1-2 times.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, it is preferred that the functional topical finishing includes cellulase treatment, dyeing processing, wash water The combination of one or more of processing, resin treatment, consistent lubricant processing, mercerization finish and liquid ammonia mercerization processing;
The method of the cellulase treatment is:By 1:Cloth is arranged in enzyme washing lotion in 40-60 DEG C of item by the bath raio of 18-40 40-80min is handled under part;Wherein, the enzyme washing lotion includes 2-6g/L biological enzyme, 0.5-1.0g/L sodium acetates and 0.5-1.0g/L Acetic acid, solvent are water;Preferably, the biological enzyme is cellulase;
The dyeing processing uses the softening agent of 2-6g/L;
The method of wash water processing is:By 1:Cloth is placed in wash water liquid under the conditions of 45-80 DEG C by the bath raio of 18-40 Handle 30-60min;Wherein, the wash water liquid includes 1.0-3.0g/L bleeding agents, 0.8-3.0g/L low temperature degreaser, 1.0- 3.0g/L wrinkle preventing agent and 0.5-2.0g/L alkaline agents, solvent are water;
The method of the resin treatment is:Cloth is placed in sizing dressing liquid and handles 3-10 under the conditions of 150-165 DEG C Minute, wherein the sizing dressing liquid comprising 30-60g/L resin finishing agents, 3-8g/L catalyst, 20-100g/L softening agents and 1-2g/L bleeding agents, solvent are water.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the pH value of the enzyme washing lotion is 4.5-6.5.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the softening agent includes hydrophilic silicon oil, or softening agent commonly used in the art;
The bleeding agent can be bleeding agent commonly used in the art;The low temperature degreaser, wrinkle preventing agent, alkaline agent, resin Finishing agent, catalyst can be corresponding reagent commonly used in the art.
In above-mentioned manufacturing method, the dyeing processing, consistent lubricant processing, mercerization finish and liquid ammonia mercerization processing can be this Field routine techniques.
Cotton provided by the invention/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric creatively uses 100% using cotton/spandex as raw material Cotton height twists cotton yarn, which twists cotton yarn effect and be that yarn can be made to have enough hardness to support the positive and negative of the thermal fabric Face, and the height twists the centre that cotton yarn is used for the thermal fabric, and the centre of the fabric can be made to be formed with certain thickness air layer, And the positive and negative of the fabric can be connected, in addition with polyurethane elastic filament, further increase the elasticity of the thermal fabric.Meanwhile it is described The institutional framework of thermal fabric is a kind of two-sided tissue, is a kind of special two-sided tissue, by artificially raising knitted double-sided And nozzle away from making to knit and form certain thickness air layer among thermal fabric just.The present invention also provides produce the tissue Specific weaving method.
Thermal fabric provided by the invention uses cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament for knitted material yarn, solves this field industry Poor, the not wear-resisting problem of middle similar products pilling resistance, reduce ready-made clothes in wearing process because with foreign object friction, such as Friction with knapsack or when driving and the friction etc. of car belt cause friction part there is serious pilling and by consumer The possibility complained or returned goods.Meanwhile product of the present invention also have high resiliency, and it is soft, warming, surface is clean, soft And the advantages of washable and wearable, provide a kind of good autumn and winter thermal fabric for market.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is three mould weave schematic diagrames of embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is four mould weave schematic diagrames of embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is six mould weave schematic diagrames of embodiment 3;
Fig. 4 is eight mould weave schematic diagrames of embodiment 4.
Specific implementation mode
In order to which technical characteristic, purpose and the advantageous effect to the present invention are more clearly understood, now to the skill of the present invention Art scheme carry out it is described further below, but should not be understood as to the present invention can practical range restriction.
The middle layer raw material yarn that following embodiment uses is selected from 100% cotton height shown in table 1 and twists cotton yarn.
Table 1
Yarn count (English branch) The twist (number of twists/inch)
60 33.5-54.0
70 36.0-58.5
80 38.5-62.5
90 40.0-66.5
100 43.0-70.0
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, which is two-sided institutional framework, intermediate shape At there is air layer;The cloth cover of the thermal fabric uses 44 English branch twist factors for the 3.6 common ring-spun cotton yarn of 100% cotton and 20 The Lycra of danier, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;The cloth bottom of the thermal fabric uses 44 English branch twist factors For the Lycra of 3.6 100% cotton common ring-spun cotton yarn and 20 daniers, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;Institute The middle layer for stating thermal fabric uses 60 English branch twist factors to twist cotton yarn, the twist 43 for 5.5 100% cotton height.
The manufacturing method of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is:
Using type:Nozzle is especially turned up away from, nozzle away from 1.8mm in 15G large circle machines, board, and board rotating speed is 14r/min, It is 8cN into yarn tension, which is configured with the FEED machines of active yarn transmission device.
The 100% cotton height that 60 English branch twist factors are 5.5 is twisted into cotton yarn and is placed in boiling 60min in 100 DEG C of water-baths, is then pressed 1:5 bath raio, which is placed in the aqueous solution containing 4g/L softening agents P-250, impregnates, and is then dehydrated, dries, obtains pretreated height Cotton yarn is twisted, and as the raw material yarn of reversible cloth middle layer;
By the Lycra of 100% cotton common ring-spun cotton yarn and 20 daniers that 44 English branch twist factors are 3.6, as cloth cover and The raw material yarn at cloth bottom carries out two-sided knitting using above-mentioned 15G large circle machines.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment carries out two-sided knitting using three mould weaves, method is the upper lower burrs knitting needle of large circle machine Heterogeneous Permutation, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the first mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, lower wall Weave the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck;Alternatively, upper lower burrs are knitted Needle Heterogeneous Permutation, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the second mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, under Disk weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, realize two-sided volume It knits;Due in the three moulds weave the first mould and the second mould exchange, so woven cloth cover is identical;In the great circle woven fabric When, it needs to check the various faults that show-through, intermediate trace and polyurethane elastic filament generate, and timely processing, finally obtains reversible cloth Fabric;
Obtained reversible cloth fabric open-width clot is placed, then for cloth, then pre-setting 3 minutes under the conditions of 195 DEG C, According to actual effect pre-setting 1-2 times, the reversible cloth through pre-setting is obtained;
Above-mentioned reversible cloth progress enzyme is washed:The composition and each component solubility of enzyme washing lotion are as shown in table 2, and the enzyme washing lotion is adopted Biological enzyme is the CELLUSOFT of letter (China) Bioisystech Co., Ltd of Novi productionTMEnzyme;Enzyme washing lotion will using acetic acid PH value is transferred to 5.5, then presses 1:Above-mentioned reversible cloth is put into the enzyme washing lotion by 25 bath raio, is handled under the conditions of 50 DEG C 60min;
Table 2
Composition Concentration
Sodium acetate NaAc 0.5g/L
Acetic acid HAc 0.5g/L
CELLUSOFT CR50*CX45’PROG 0120(B) 2-6g/L
Reversible cloth after being washed to enzyme carries out dyeing processing:Common process is used when the present embodiment is dyed, and is being contaminated The JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) that the bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd productions of 2-6g/L are added in liquid are used as softening agent, Then it is dehydrated, dried under the conditions of 130-150 DEG C;
Wash water equipment is cleaned with wash water liquid, wash water processing then is carried out to the reversible cloth after dyeing:It is described to wash The composition and each component solubility of aqueous are as shown in table 3, and the wash water liquid is using Xianqiao Chemical Product Co., Ltd., Qianjiang City's production FKS is stepped as low temperature degreaser, Hensel as the DM-133 that bleeding agent, Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd. produce and is spun The CIBA FLUID C of dyeization (China) Co., Ltd production are knitted as wrinkle preventing agent, Na2CO3As alkaline agent, 1 is then pressed: The bath raio of 18-40 will be dyed after reversible cloth be put into the wash water liquid, wash water 30-60min, is washed under the conditions of 45-80 DEG C Hydrophily test can be carried out after water process to obtaining fabric;
Table 3
Composition Concentration Manufacturer
Bleeding agent FKS 1.0g/L Xianqiao Chemical Product Co., Ltd., Qianjiang City
Low temperature degreaser DM-133 0.8g/L Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd.
Wrinkle preventing agent CIBA FLUID C 1.0g/L Hensel steps weaving dyeization (China) Co., Ltd
Na2CO3 0.5g/L
Softening agent resin finishing is carried out to the reversible cloth after wash water:The speed of forming machine is 20m/min, dressing liquid of shaping Composition and each component solubility it is as shown in table 4, the sizing dressing liquid using the sizing dressing liquid use BASF (China) have The dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea of limit company production is produced as resin finishing agent, bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd Magnasoft JSS as softening agent, magnesium chloride as catalyst, aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy as bleeding agent, then will be through washing Reversible cloth after water process is put into the sizing dressing liquid, is handled under the conditions of 165 DEG C 3-5 minutes, is finally obtained cotton/spandex Air layer thermal fabric.
Table 4
Composition Concentration Manufacturer
Resin finishing agent (dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea) 30-60g/L BASF China
Catalyst (magnesium chloride) 6g/L
JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) 50g/L Bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd
Bleeding agent (aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy) 1-2g/L
The grammes per square metre of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is 350g/m2
Typical physical chemical index test is carried out to the cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present embodiment
Test method includes ISO12945-2,2000REVS, MARTINDALE TESTER, GB/T 4802.2 2500REVS and wool abrasive material, test result are as shown in table 5.
Table 5
It can be seen that the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is with good performance, anti-fluffing and anti-pilling grade Number is more than 3.0, and wearability is good, in addition, the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric also has high resiliency, and Softly, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, which is two-sided institutional framework, intermediate shape At there is air layer;The cloth cover of the thermal fabric use 60 English branch twist factors for 3.5 the common close spinning yarn and 20 of 100% cotton The Lycra of danier, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;The cloth bottom of the thermal fabric uses 60 English branch twist factors For the Lycra of 3.5 100% cotton commonly close spinning yarn and 20 daniers, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;Institute The middle layer for stating thermal fabric uses 70 English branch twist factors to twist cotton yarn, the twist 42 for 5.0 100% cotton height.
The manufacturing method of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is:
Using type:Nozzle is especially turned up away from, nozzle away from 1.8mm in 18G large circle machines, board, and board rotating speed is 18r/min, Into yarn tension be 12cN, the large circle machine configured with half positive type yarn-feeding device it is automatic between machine.
The 100% cotton height that 70 English branch twist factors are 5.0 is twisted into cotton yarn and is placed in boiling 60min in 100 DEG C of water-baths, is then pressed 1:15 bath raio, which is placed in the aqueous solution containing 6g/L softening agents P-250, impregnates, and is then dehydrated, dries, obtains pretreated Height twists cotton yarn, and as the raw material yarn of reversible cloth middle layer;
By the Lycra of 100% cotton of 60 English branch twist factors 3.5 commonly close spinning yarn and 20 daniers, as cloth cover and cloth The raw material yarn at bottom carries out two-sided knitting using above-mentioned 18G large circle machines.
As shown in Fig. 2, the present embodiment carries out two-sided knitting using four mould weaves, method is the upper lower burrs knitting needle of large circle machine Contraposition arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn on the first mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, lower wall Weave the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;4th Mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, on the second mould Disk weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and spandex Elastic filament;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Third mould upper lower burrs are in a manner of tuck It weaves the high twirl cotton yarn and realizes double knitting every needle tuck;Due in the four moulds weave the first mould and the second mould exchange, Third mould and the 4th mould exchange, therefore woven cloth cover is identical, and third mould and the 4th mould weave for complement mode;It is big at this When circular woven fabric, needs to check the various faults that show-through, intermediate trace and polyurethane elastic filament generate, and timely processing, finally obtain Reversible cloth fabric;
Obtained reversible cloth fabric open-width clot is placed, then for cloth, then pre-setting 4 minutes under the conditions of 190 DEG C, According to actual effect pre-setting 1-2 times, the reversible cloth through pre-setting is obtained;
Above-mentioned reversible cloth progress enzyme is washed:The composition and each component solubility of enzyme washing lotion are as shown in table 6, and the enzyme washing lotion is adopted Biological enzyme is the CELLUSOFT of letter (China) Bioisystech Co., Ltd of Novi productionTMEnzyme;Enzyme washing lotion will using acetic acid PH value is transferred to 5.5, then presses 1:Above-mentioned reversible cloth is put into the enzyme washing lotion by 30 bath raio, is handled under the conditions of 60 DEG C 40min;
Table 6
Composition Concentration
Sodium acetate NaAc 0.8g/L
Acetic acid HAc 0.8g/L
CELLUSOFT CR50*CX45’PROG 0120(B) 2-6g/L
Reversible cloth after being washed to enzyme carries out dyeing processing:Common process is used when the present embodiment is dyed, and is being contaminated The JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) that the bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd productions of 2-6g/L are added in liquid are used as softening agent, Then it is dehydrated, dried under the conditions of 130-150 DEG C;
Wash water equipment is cleaned with wash water liquid, wash water processing then is carried out to the reversible cloth after dyeing:It is described to wash The composition and each component solubility of aqueous are as shown in table 7, and the wash water liquid is using Xianqiao Chemical Product Co., Ltd., Qianjiang City's production FKS is stepped as low temperature degreaser, Hensel as the DM-133 that bleeding agent, Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd. produce and is spun The CIBA FLUID C of dyeization (China) Co., Ltd production are knitted as wrinkle preventing agent, Na2CO3As alkaline agent, 1 is then pressed: The bath raio of 18-40 will be dyed after reversible cloth be put into the wash water liquid, wash water 30-60min, is washed under the conditions of 45-80 DEG C Hydrophily test can be carried out after water process to obtaining fabric;
Table 7
Softening agent resin finishing is carried out to the reversible cloth after wash water:The speed of forming machine is 20m/min, dressing liquid of shaping Composition and each component solubility it is as shown in table 8, the sizing dressing liquid using the sizing dressing liquid use BASF (China) have The dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea of limit company production is produced as resin finishing agent, bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd Magnasoft JSS as softening agent, magnesium chloride as catalyst, aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy as bleeding agent, then will be through washing Reversible cloth after water process is put into the sizing dressing liquid, is handled under the conditions of 155 DEG C 5-7 minutes, is finally obtained cotton/spandex Air layer thermal fabric.
Table 8
Composition Concentration Manufacturer
Resin finishing agent (dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea) 30-60g/L BASF China
Catalyst (magnesium chloride) 8g/L
JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) 75g/L Bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd
Bleeding agent (aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy) 1-2g/L
The grammes per square metre of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is 450g/m2
Typical physical chemical index test is carried out to the cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present embodiment
Test method includes ISO12945-2,2000REVS, MARTINDALE TESTER, GB/T 4802.2 2500REVS and wool abrasive material, test result are as shown in table 9.
Table 9
It can be seen that the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is with good performance, anti-fluffing and anti-pilling grade Number is more than 3.0, and wearability is good, in addition, the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric also has high resiliency, and Softly, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, which is two-sided institutional framework, intermediate shape At there is air layer;The cloth cover of the thermal fabric use 60 English branch twist factors for 3.5 the common close spinning yarn and 30 of 100% cotton The Lycra of danier, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;The cloth bottom of the thermal fabric uses 60 English branch twist factors For the Lycra of 3.5 100% cotton commonly close spinning yarn and 30 daniers, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and Lycra is 1:1;Institute The middle layer for stating thermal fabric uses 70 English branch twist factors to twist cotton yarn, the twist 42 for 5.0 100% cotton height.
The manufacturing method of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is:
Using type:Nozzle is especially turned up away from, nozzle away from 1.8mm in 22G large circle machines, board, and board rotating speed is 18r/min, It is 10cN into yarn tension, which is configured with the FEED machines of active yarn transmission device.
The 100% cotton height that 70 English branch twist factors are 5.0 is twisted into cotton yarn and is placed in boiling 60min in 100 DEG C of water-baths, is then pressed 1:25 bath raio, which is placed in the aqueous solution containing 6g/L softening agents P-250, impregnates, and is then dehydrated, dries, obtains pretreated Height twists cotton yarn, and as the raw material yarn of reversible cloth middle layer;
By the Lycra of 100% cotton commonly close spinning yarn and 30 daniers that 60 English branch twist factors are 3.5, as cloth cover and The raw material yarn at cloth bottom carries out two-sided knitting using above-mentioned 22G large circle machines.
As shown in figure 3, the present embodiment carries out two-sided knitting using six mould weaves, method is the lower wall knitting needle pair of large circle machine Position arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn on the first mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall is compiled Knit the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;4th mould Upper disk weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on 5th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and ammonia Synthetic fibre elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Alternatively, lower wall knitting needle contraposition row It arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the second mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves institute State cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Disk on 5th mould The cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament are woven, lower wall does not weave;Disk does not weave on 4th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and spandex bullet Power silk;Third mould upper lower burrs are woven the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck and realize double knitting every needle tuck;Due to six mould The first mould and the second mould in weave exchange, meanwhile, the 4th mould and the 5th mould exchange, therefore woven cloth cover is identical;In addition, Third mould and the 6th mould exchange, therefore woven cloth cover is identical, and third mould and the 6th mould weave for complement mode;It is big at this When circular woven fabric, needs to check the various faults that show-through, intermediate trace and polyurethane elastic filament generate, and timely processing, finally obtain Reversible cloth fabric;
Obtained reversible cloth fabric open-width clot is placed, then for cloth, then pre-setting 7 minutes under the conditions of 185 DEG C, According to actual effect pre-setting 1-2 times, the reversible cloth through pre-setting is obtained;
Above-mentioned reversible cloth progress enzyme is washed:The composition and each component solubility of enzyme washing lotion are as shown in table 10, the enzyme washing lotion The biological enzyme used believes the CELLUSOFT of (China) Bioisystech Co., Ltd production for NoviTMEnzyme;Enzyme washing lotion uses acetic acid PH value is transferred to 5.5, then presses 1:Above-mentioned reversible cloth is put into the enzyme washing lotion by 30 bath raio, is handled under the conditions of 55 DEG C 50min;
Table 10
Composition Concentration
Sodium acetate NaAc 1.0g/L
Acetic acid HAc 1.0g/L
CELLUSOFT CR50*CX45’PROG 0120(B) 2-6g/L
Reversible cloth after being washed to enzyme carries out dyeing processing:Common process is used when the present embodiment is dyed, and is being contaminated The JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) that the bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd productions of 2-6g/L are added in liquid are used as softening agent, Then it is dehydrated, dried under the conditions of 130-150 DEG C;
Wash water equipment is cleaned with wash water liquid, wash water processing then is carried out to the reversible cloth after dyeing:It is described to wash The composition and each component solubility of aqueous are as shown in table 11, and the wash water liquid is using Xianqiao Chemical Product Co., Ltd., Qianjiang City's production FKS is stepped as low temperature degreaser, Hensel as the DM-133 that bleeding agent, Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd. produce and is spun The CIBA FLUID C of dyeization (China) Co., Ltd production are knitted as wrinkle preventing agent, Na2CO3As alkaline agent, 1 is then pressed: The bath raio of 18-40 will be dyed after reversible cloth be put into the wash water liquid, wash water 30-60min, is washed under the conditions of 45-80 DEG C Hydrophily test can be carried out after water process to obtaining fabric;
Table 11
Composition Concentration Manufacturer
Bleeding agent FKS 2.5g/L Xianqiao Chemical Product Co., Ltd., Qianjiang City
Low temperature degreaser DM-133 2.8g/L Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd.
Wrinkle preventing agent CIBA FLUID C 2.5g/L Hensel steps weaving dyeization (China) Co., Ltd
Na2CO3 1.8g/L
Softening agent resin finishing is carried out to the reversible cloth after wash water:The speed of forming machine is 20m/min, dressing liquid of shaping Composition and each component solubility it is as shown in table 12, the sizing dressing liquid using the sizing dressing liquid use BASF (China) have The dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea of limit company production is produced as resin finishing agent, bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd Magnasoft JSS as softening agent, magnesium chloride as catalyst, aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy as bleeding agent, then will be through washing Reversible cloth after water process is put into the sizing dressing liquid, is handled under the conditions of 150 DEG C 7-10 minutes, is finally obtained cotton/ammonia Synthetic fibre air layer thermal fabric.
Table 12
Composition Concentration Manufacturer
Resin finishing agent (dihydroxymethyl ethylene urea) 30-60g/L BASF China
Catalyst (magnesium chloride) 8g/L
JSS consistent lubricants (Magnasoft JSS) 90g/L Bright note Hong Kong cleaning supplies Co., Ltd
Bleeding agent (aliphatic alcohol polyethenoxy) 1-2g/L
The grammes per square metre of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is 400g/m2
Typical physical chemical index test is carried out to the cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present embodiment
Test method includes ISO12945-2,2000REVS, MARTINDALE TESTER, GB/T 4802.2 2500REVS and wool abrasive material, test result are as shown in table 13.
Table 13
It can be seen that the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is with good performance, anti-fluffing and anti-pilling grade Number is more than 3.0, and wearability is good, in addition, the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric also has high resiliency, and Softly, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment provides a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, which is two-sided institutional framework, intermediate shape At there is air layer;The cloth cover of the thermal fabric use 60 English branch twist factors for 3.5 the common close spinning yarn and 40 of 100% cotton The elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn of danier, and the feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn is 1:1;The thermal fabric Cloth bottom use 60 English branch twist factors for 3.5 100% cotton commonly close spinning yarn and 40 daniers elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn, and The feeding radical ratio of cotton yarn and elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn is 1:1;The middle layer of the thermal fabric use 80 English branch twist factors for 5.0 100% cotton height twists cotton yarn, the twist 45.
The manufacturing method of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is:
Using type:Nozzle is especially turned up away from, nozzle away from 2.0mm in 24G large circle machines, board, and board rotating speed is 16r/min, It is 12cN into yarn tension, which is configured with the FEED machines of active yarn transmission device.
The 100% cotton height that 80 English branch twist factors are 5.0 is twisted into cotton yarn and is placed in boiling 80min in 100 DEG C of water-baths, is then pressed 1:30 bath raio, which is placed in the aqueous solution containing 8g/L softening agents P-250, impregnates, and is then dehydrated, dries, obtains pretreated Height twists cotton yarn, and as the raw material yarn of reversible cloth middle layer;
By the elastomeric polyurethane fiber covering yarn of 100% cotton commonly close spinning yarn and 40 daniers that 60 English branch twist factors are 3.5, As the raw material yarn of cloth cover and cloth bottom, two-sided knitting is carried out using above-mentioned 24G large circle machines.
As shown in figure 4, the present embodiment carries out two-sided knitting using eight mould weaves, method is the upper lower burrs knitting needle of large circle machine Contraposition arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn on the first mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, lower wall Weave the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs woven in a manner of tuck it is described it is high twist cotton yarn, every needle tuck, the 4th Mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn and elastic polyurethane fiber on 5th mould Silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on 6th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;7th mould upper lower burrs are to collect Circle mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, and every needle tuck, the 8th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle collection Circle;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the second mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;First Disk does not weave on mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl in a manner of tuck Cotton yarn, every needle tuck, third mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Disk weaves on 6th mould The cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on 5th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and elastic polyurethane fiber Silk;8th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, and every needle tuck, the 7th mould upper lower burrs are woven in a manner of tuck The high twirl cotton yarn realizes double knitting every needle tuck;Due in the eight moulds weave the first mould and the second mould exchange, meanwhile, 5th mould and the 6th mould exchange, therefore woven cloth cover is identical;In addition, third mould and the 4th mould exchange, meanwhile, the 7th mould with 8th mould exchanges, so, woven cloth cover is identical;And the third mould and the 4th mould weave for complement mode, the 7th mould It is woven into the 8th mould for complement mode, third mould and the 7th mould weave for complement mode;In the great circle woven fabric, need to examine The various faults that show-through, intermediate trace and polyurethane elastic filament generate, and timely processing are looked into, reversible cloth fabric is finally obtained;
Obtained reversible cloth fabric open-width clot is placed, then for cloth, then pre-setting 10 divides under the conditions of 180 DEG C Clock obtains the reversible cloth through pre-setting according to actual effect pre-setting 1-2 times;
It is whole that the present embodiment uses the method progress enzyme of embodiment 3 to wash processing, dyeing processing, wash water processing and softening agent resin Reason finally obtains cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric.
Typical physical chemical index test is carried out to the cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present embodiment
Test method includes ISO12945-2,2000REVS, MARTINDALE TESTER, GB/T 4802.2 2500REVS and wool abrasive material, test result are as shown in table 14.
Table 14
The grammes per square metre of the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is 550g/m2, and its is with good performance, resists Pilling series is more than 3.0, and wearability is good, in addition, the cotton of the present embodiment/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric also has High resiliency, and it is soft, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable.
Embodiment 1-4 explanations, in actual production, stream is implemented in the production of cotton of the invention/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric Journey may include:Yarn pre-treatment → weaving → perching (open-width clot) → standby cloth → pre-setting (1 time or twice) → enzyme is washed → contaminates Color (cross consistent lubricant/piece dyeing) or wash water (cross consistent lubricant/yarn-dyed) → it is dehydrated → controls → SANT drying → middle inspection → sizing (crossing consistent lubricant) → examine afterwards and etc..After a series of above-mentioned final finishings, the grammes per square metre of fabric is cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric of the present invention 280-600g/m2, it is based on warming needs, it is generally the case that the grammes per square metre selection of fabric is more than 300g/m2Based on.
In conclusion cotton provided by the invention/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is creatively adopted using cotton/spandex as raw material Cotton yarn is twisted with 100% cotton height, which twists cotton yarn effect and be that yarn can be made to have enough hardness to support the thermal surface The positive and negative of material, and the height twists the centre that cotton yarn is used for the thermal fabric, and the centre of the fabric can be made to be formed with certain thickness Air layer, and the positive and negative of the fabric can be connected, in addition with polyurethane elastic filament, further increase the elasticity of the thermal fabric. Meanwhile the institutional framework of the thermal fabric is a kind of two-sided tissue, is a kind of special two-sided tissue, by artificially raising Knitted double-sided and nozzle away from making to knit and form certain thickness air layer among thermal fabric just.The present invention also provides productions The specific weaving method of the tissue.Thermal fabric provided by the invention uses cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament for knitted material yarn, solution Poor, the not wear-resisting problem of similar products pilling resistance in this field industry of having determined, improves the ready-made clothes quality of thermal fabric, Reduce ready-made clothes in wearing process because with foreign object friction, for example rub with the friction of knapsack or when driving with car belt The possibility for causing friction part serious pilling occur and being complained or returned goods by consumer such as wipe, meanwhile, product of the present invention also has Have a high resiliency, and it is soft, warming, surface is clean, soft and washable and wearable the advantages of, for market provide it is a kind of well Autumn and winter thermal fabric.

Claims (17)

1. a kind of cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric, wherein the thermal fabric is two-sided institutional framework, and centre forms free Gas-bearing formation;The middle layer of the thermal fabric twists cotton yarn using high;The high cotton yarn of twisting is 100% cotton yarn, twist factor 4.3- 7.0;
The cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric is knitted fabric.
2. thermal fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cloth cover of the thermal fabric uses cotton yarn and spandex Elastic filament;The cloth bottom of the thermal fabric uses cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament.
3. thermal fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The cloth cover and/or the cotton yarn of cloth bottom use include The common ring-spun cotton yarn of 100% cotton of 32-60 English branch is alternatively, the cotton yarn that the cloth cover and/or cloth bottom use includes 32-60 English branch The common close spinning yarn of 100% cotton, the twist factor for the cotton yarn that the cloth cover and/or cloth bottom use is 3.2-4.0.
4. thermal fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The thickness of the polyurethane elastic filament is 20-40 denier Buddhist nuns You.
5. thermal fabric according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The polyurethane elastic filament includes elastomeric polyurethane fiber cored Yarn.
6. thermal fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:High cotton yarn of twisting includes twisting used by the middle layer Degree is the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of the 60-100 English branch of 33.5-70 twirls/inch or the 60- that the twist is 33.5-70 twirls/inch The close spinning yarn of high twist of 100 English branch.
7. thermal fabric according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The high twist ring-spun cotton yarn or 60 English branch of 60 English branch The close spinning yarn of high twist the twist be 33.5-54.0 twirls/inch;What the high twist ring-spun cotton yarn or 70 English of 70 English branch propped up The twist of the close spinning yarn of high twist is 36.0-58.5 twirls/inch;The high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of 80 English branch or the height of 80 English branch The twist of the close spinning yarn of the twist is 38.5-62.5 twirls/inch;The high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of 90 English branch or the high of 90 English branch are twisted The twist for spending close spinning yarn is 40.0-66.5 twirls/inch;The high twist ring-spun cotton yarn of 100 English branch or the high of 100 English branch are twisted The twist for spending close spinning yarn is 43.0-70.0 twirls/inch.
8. thermal fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The grammes per square metre of the thermal fabric is 280-600g/m2
9. thermal fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The anti-fluffing and anti-pilling series of the thermal fabric is more than 3.0。
10. the manufacturing method of any one of the claim 1-9 thermal fabrics comprising following steps:
Using pretreated high cotton yarn of twisting as the raw material yarn of middle layer, cotton yarn and original of the polyurethane elastic filament as cloth cover and cloth bottom Expect that yarn carries out double knitting, obtains reversible cloth fabric;
The reversible cloth fabric is woven using knitted double-sided machine;
The reversible cloth fabric is subjected to pre-setting and functional topical finishing, obtains cotton/air polyurethane layer thermal fabric.
11. manufacturing method according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:The reversible cloth fabric uses knitted double-sided machine It is woven;The method of the double knitting includes one kind in three mould weaves, four mould weaves, six mould weaves and eight mould weaves;
The method of the three moulds weave includes:Upper lower burrs knitting needle Heterogeneous Permutation, disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex bullet on the first mould Power silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs with Tuck mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn;Alternatively, upper lower burrs knitting needle Heterogeneous Permutation, disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex on the second mould Elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs The high twirl cotton yarn is woven in a manner of tuck, realizes double knitting;
The method of the four moulds weave includes:The contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex bullet on the first mould Power silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs with Tuck mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle Tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn on the second mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;The Disk does not weave on one mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the height in a manner of tuck Cotton yarn is twisted, every needle tuck;Third mould upper lower burrs are woven the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck and realize double knitting every needle tuck;
The method of the six moulds weave includes:The contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex bullet on the first mould Power silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs with Tuck mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 4th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall are not compiled It knits;Disk does not weave on 5th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs weave institute in a manner of tuck High twirl cotton yarn is stated, every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, disk weaves the cotton yarn and elastic polyurethane fiber on the second mould Silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;6th mould upper lower burrs are to collect Circle mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 5th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall are not compiled It knits;Disk does not weave on 4th mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs weave institute in a manner of tuck It states high twirl cotton yarn and realizes double knitting every needle tuck;
The method of the eight moulds weave includes:The contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, and disk weaves the cotton yarn and spandex bullet on the first mould Power silk, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on second mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;Third mould upper lower burrs with Tuck mode weaves the high twirl cotton yarn, and every needle tuck, the 4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle Tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 5th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;Disk does not weave on 6th mould, lower wall braiding The cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;7th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every on needle tuck, the 8th mould Lower wall weaves the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, every needle tuck;Alternatively, the contraposition of upper lower burrs knitting needle arranges, disk is compiled on the second mould The cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament are knitted, lower wall does not weave;Disk does not weave on first mould, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and elastic polyurethane fiber Silk;4th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, and every needle tuck, third mould upper lower burrs are woven in a manner of tuck The high twirl cotton yarn, every needle tuck;Disk weaves the cotton yarn on 6th mould and polyurethane elastic filament, lower wall do not weave;On 5th mould Disk does not weave, and lower wall weaves the cotton yarn and polyurethane elastic filament;8th mould upper lower burrs weave the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck, Every needle tuck, the 7th mould upper lower burrs are woven the high twirl cotton yarn in a manner of tuck and realize double knitting every needle tuck.
12. manufacturing method according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:The knitted double-sided machine includes large circle machine, cylinder Mouthful away from for 1.2-2.5mm.
13. manufacturing method according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:The pretreated method is, by the high twirl Then cotton yarn boiling 30-80min under the conditions of 60-120 DEG C presses 1:The bath raio of 5-40 is placed in containing the water-soluble of 2-8g/L softening agents It is impregnated in liquid, is dehydrated, dries, obtain pretreated high twirl cotton yarn.
14. manufacturing method according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:The temperature of the pre-setting is 180-195 DEG C, when Between be 3-10 minute, number be 1-2 times.
15. manufacturing method according to claim 10, it is characterised in that:The functional topical finishing includes at biological enzyme The combination of one or more of reason, dyeing processing, wash water processing, resin treatment, consistent lubricant processing and mercerization finish;
The method of the cellulase treatment is:By 1:Fabric is arranged in enzyme washing lotion under the conditions of 40-60 DEG C by the bath raio of 18-40 Handle 40-80min;Wherein, the enzyme washing lotion includes 2-6g/L biological enzyme, 0.5-1.0g/L sodium acetates and 0.5-1.0g/L vinegar Acid, solvent are water;
The dyeing processing uses the softening agent of 2-6g/L;
The method of wash water processing is:By 1:Fabric is placed in wash water liquid and is handled under the conditions of 45-80 DEG C by the bath raio of 18-40 30-60min;Wherein, the wash water liquid includes 1.0-3.0g/L bleeding agents, 0.8-3.0g/L low temperature degreaser, 1.0-3.0g/L Fold preventing agent and 0.5-2.0g/L alkaline agents, solvent are water;
The method of the resin treatment is:Fabric is placed in sizing dressing liquid and is handled 3-10 minutes under the conditions of 150-165 DEG C, Wherein, the sizing dressing liquid includes 30-60g/L resin finishing agents, 3-8g/L catalyst, 20-100g/L softening agents and 1-2g/ L bleeding agents, solvent are water.
16. manufacturing method according to claim 15, wherein the mercerization finish includes liquid ammonia mercerization processing.
17. manufacturing method according to claim 15, wherein the biological enzyme is cellulase.
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