CN104695101A - Preparing method of texture fabric - Google Patents

Preparing method of texture fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104695101A
CN104695101A CN201310656161.1A CN201310656161A CN104695101A CN 104695101 A CN104695101 A CN 104695101A CN 201310656161 A CN201310656161 A CN 201310656161A CN 104695101 A CN104695101 A CN 104695101A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fabric
cotton
long filament
fibre
filament
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201310656161.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕秀芹
Original Assignee
于洪洲
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 于洪洲 filed Critical 于洪洲
Priority to CN201310656161.1A priority Critical patent/CN104695101A/en
Publication of CN104695101A publication Critical patent/CN104695101A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/04Blended or other yarns or threads containing components made from different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/36Cored or coated yarns or threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2321/00Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D10B2321/02Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins
    • D10B2321/022Fibres made from polymers obtained by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds polyolefins polypropylene
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2501/00Wearing apparel

Abstract

The invention relates to permanently non-ironing and wash-and-wear fabric which is prepared by a conventional technology and has the appearance of pure cotton or cellulose fibers. Core-spun composite yarns of sheath-core structures are prepared by a composite yarn spinning device by using short fibers as skin components and long filaments as core components and wrapping the long filaments with the short fibers. A composite yarn texture is prepared by using the composite yarns as a base, the short fiber components are cotton, cotton type chemical fibers or artificial fibers, and the long filament components are polyester filament yarns or polypropylene fiber long filaments. The ratio by weight of the long filaments is 20-35%, and the ratio by weight of the short fibers is 65-80%. The texture is made into non-ironing and wash-and-wear fabric through dyeing and high-temperature tentering shaping.

Description

A kind of preparation method of weaving face fabric
Technical field:
The invention belongs to textile material field, relate to a kind of forever non-ironing, the wash and wear fabric with cotton textiles or cellulose fibre outward appearance that adopt common process to make.
Technical background:
Along with the enhancing of the development of science and technology, the progress of social civilization and environmental protection consciousness, the yearning of the mankind to the Nature grows with each passing day.The change of idea result in the understanding theory of people to clothing and constantly changes.After have passed through favor chemical fiber filament yarn fabric style characteristic, then advocate the fabric with natural look, comfortable atural staple fibre feel.Now, the fabric of the textile style of apparatus, feel makes fashion clothing, has become the focus that manufacturer, distributors and consumer fall over each other to pursue.Although natural short fibre fabric is comfortable and easy to wear, feel is soft, affinity is strong, easily wrinkle easily contracting, dress cooking difficulty, does not meet the requirement of fast pace life.Make natural short fibre fabric possess technology that is non-ironing, wash and wear characteristic be weaved both at home and abroad in recent years ready-made clothes circle research focus.
For solving the problems such as non-ironing, the wash and wear of pure cotton fabric, be all chemically carry out durable press finish with resin at present.Its mechanism is because resin crosslinks fiber surface in fabric forms mocromembrane, thus improves elastic modelling quantity and the DIMENSIONAL STABILITY of fabric.The development trend of noniron finish technology in recent years mainly concentrates on low formaldehyde and formaldehyde-free durable-press finishing technology.Low formaldehyde finishing technique carries out etherification modified to finishing agent, becomes low formaldehyde or ultra-low formaldehyde finishing agent, thus reduce the free content of formaldehyde of cloth cover; Free-formaldehyde finishing technology utilizes the large group of reactivity in finishing agent and fiber to be combined into stable chemical bond, limits the movement of fiber, play conformal effect.Adopt chemical method to carry out arranging the effect that will obtain to fabric and have many restrictive conditions.Good hygroscopicity, cloth cover are clean, pH value is up to standard to require fabric to have before treatment, also will ensure the change of dyeing non-colored light.
Owing to adopting chemical method finish fabric except the free formaldehyde contained has harm to human body, the method also can cause the decline of fabric strength, the deterioration of outward appearance feel, damage the physical and mechanical properties of fabric, whiteness reduces, and cannot avoid because of dehydration, dries the problems such as the irregular dressing liquid brought is irregular.The discharge of chemical reagent simultaneously can cause environmental pollution, and purified treatment can cause cost to increase.Due to the above-mentioned defect of noniron finish technology, its application is restricted.Adopt physical method that is ecological, environmental protection to realize the application technology of non-ironing, the wash and wear characteristic of pure-cotton fabric, have not been reported.
Technology contents:
The present invention is intended to exploitation one and has the fabric of cotton textiles (or other cellulose fibres) outward appearance to prepare clothes, it is made to possess forever non-ironing, wash and wear characteristic, and there is shape memory function substitute current utilization RESIN FINISH and make cotton textiles (or cellulose fibre) fabric possess technology that is non-ironing, wash and wear characteristic, pollution-free in its production process, harmless.
The present invention utilizes and is combined into yarn feeding device, preparation is skin component with staple fibre, take long filament as the core sheath structure corespun composite yarn of the staple fibre covered filament of core component, by chemical-fibres filaments as core component for composite yarn provides modulus and the conformality of stretching property and composite yarn fabric and drapability, stiffness by force; Natural short fiber provides the feel of natural fabric, style, bulkiness and Moisture absorption & moisture conductivity as the skin component of composite yarn for complex yarn; Based on this composite yarn, prepare composite yarn fabric again, then dyed and high temperature stentering forming makes this fabric become to possess non-ironing, wash and wear characteristic fabric.
1, on ring spinner, spinning has the corespun composite yarn of cotton (or other cellulose fibres) the short fiber covered filament of skin-core structure.Its feature is as follows: the corespun composite yarn 1. with the staple fibre covered filament of skin-core structure; 2. staple fibre component raw material: cotton, cotton chemical fibre is tieed up or artificial fibre; 3. long filament component raw material: (68D ~ 30D)/(24f ~ 9f) terylene (PET) long filament or polyamide fibre PA long filament; 4. long filament and staple fibre ratio: the part by weight of long filament is 20%-35%, the part by weight of staple fibre is 65%-80%; 5. kind: extensively can adapt to the core-sheath-type cored compound resultant yarn that various staple fibre and long filament carry out combining; 6. staple fibre is to the coverage rate of long filament: do not expose with decoration method test long filament, clad structure is firmly stable.
2, this composite yarn is skin component with staple fibre, take long filament as core component.Both there is the appearance style of staple fibre yarn; There is again the mechanical characteristic of long filament.This composite yarn is utilized to prepare composite fabric on loom.This fabric has novel composite construction, and being namely the fibrous skeleton of fabric with long filament, take cotton fiber as the surface fiber of fabric.
3, after dyed Final finishing and stentering forming, this fabric possesses non-ironing, wash and wear performance.
Concrete technology is as follows:
(i) spinning process:
1. cotton or other cellulose fluff obtain short fiber yarn through operations such as shredding, removal of impurities, combing, rolling, drafting, drawing-off, rove;
2. PET, the FDY filament of 50dtex, 30dtex, 20dtex is obtained by the spinning technique of long filament;
3. on the fine spining machine through transformation, by special composite spinning technique, preparation has the composite yarn of core-sheath-type structure;
4. winder
(ii) the preparation of fabric:
1. Fabric Design: twill yarn card class 21 s× 16 s120 × 58 44 "
20 S×20 S120×58 44″
Plain weave poplin cloth class J60 s× J60 s150 × 110 63 "
2. textile manufacturing processes:
Its warp thread common process passes rear looming weaving by weft yarn again by winder, warping, sizing process and becomes grey cloth.
(iii) the dyeing of fabric, rear thread finishing technique:
Process is washed through destarch, bleaching, mercerising, sanding, enzyme, is dyeed routinely, soft, tentering and preshrunk completes.
The present invention adopts the combined machining method of physical modification, therefore can not cause the destruction to ecological environment, can reach the safety requirements of ecological textile.Because non-ironing, the wash and wear characteristic of this fabric or clothes stem from raw materials used performance own, therefore or repeatedly can not wash and disappear because of dress for a long time, so it is a kind of permanent non-ironing, wash and wear product.As the Environment Compatible Textiles of forever non-ironing, wash and wear characteristic with textile outward appearance, both can meet after people enter the new millennium miss old times or old friends, the demand of uphold nature, natural short fiber clothes can be overcome again easily to wrinkle the shortcoming of easy contracting reason hard to predict, adapt to the allegro life idea of new period people; The complex process simultaneously RESIN FINISH can being avoided to bring, condition are harsh, cost is high, environmental protection and to problems such as the harm of human body.
Producing clothes with forever non-ironing, the wash and wear fabric of tool cotton textiles (or cellulose fibre) outward appearance of the present invention can avoid the removing residue formaldehyde of RESIN FINISH to the harm problem of human body, being applicable to the requirement of environment-friendlytextile textile, is a kind of manufacturing technique method and product of environment-friendly type; Be raw material with core-sheath-type long filament/cotton (or cellulose fibre) short fiber composite yarn, the style advantage of short fiber and filament yarn fabric is rubbed and is integrated, have the strength and elongation of filament yarn fabric, high-modulus, drapability, conformal wrinkle resistance, the characteristic that yarn itself has makes the harness of fabric kimonos have permanent DIMENSIONAL STABILITY, non-ironing, wash and wear performance; The composite yarn being made cortex by cotton fiber makes fabric have the outward appearance of short fibre fabric, and the harness of fabric kimonos has the feel of natural short fibre fabric, bulkiness, moisture absorption poisture-penetrability and affinity.
Detailed description of the invention:
1, raw material: 1. short fiber component: cotton, hair, viscose glue, sky silk, model, soybean protein short fiber;
2. filament component: polyester drawn yarns (PET FDY);
2, combination:
(1) bale of cotton polyester filament: 1. C21 s+ 50D is C32 2. s+ 50D is JC40 3. s+ 50D is JC45 4. s+ 30D is JC60 5. s+ 30D
(2) sky silk bag polyester filament: 1. T40 s+ 30T is T45 2. s+ 30T is T60 3. s+ 30D
(3) model bag polyester filament: 1. M40 s+ 30D is M45 2. s+ 30D is M60 3. s+ 30D
(4) soybean fiber bag polyester filament: 1. D40 s+ 30D is D45 2. s+ 30D
3, fabric panel technological parameter:
Fabric panel outer surface be staple fibre (cotton, not generation system, sky silk, wool etc.), fabric panel inside
Fibrous skeleton forms composite fabric structure by long filament (polyester filament, cotton synthetic fibre long filament).
4, dye Final finishing:
Process completes through destarch, bleaching, mercerising, dyeing, softness, tentering and preshrunk routinely.
5, non-ironing, the wash and wear performance of fabric:
For 20 × 20/120 × 58 44 " khaki fabric, folding line recovers anxious 244 degree, the bullet in angle, slow 280 degree, bullet; Flat deflection 4-5 level; Flatness is equivalent to U.S. AATCC standard 3-4 level.
Embodiment 1: adopt above-mentioned technical process, choosing warp thread is JC20 s+ PETFDY 75 d, weft yarn is JC20 s+ PETFDY 75 dtwill card sound of a bird chirping fabric processed, its number is 20 s× 20 s; Density is 108 × 54 44 "; Fabric tissue is 2/1; Be decided to be 3# product.
Embodiment 2: adopt above-mentioned technical process, choosing warp thread is JC20 s+ PETFDY 75 d, weft yarn is JC20 s+ PETFDY 75 d, after dyeing, add resin treatment technique, make twill card sound of a bird chirping fabric, its number is 20 s× 16 s; Density is 120 × 58 44 "; Fabric tissue is 2/1; Be decided to be 4# product.
The effect of this fabric or clothes is through contrast experiment and to detect particular content as follows:
Remarks: 1# is 2020 Quality Pure Cotton Yarn Production cards (control sample), 2# is polyester cotton blended yarn card (control sample), 3# is that 2020 yarn cards (cellulase treatment) washed by the bale of cotton, 4# is that 2020 yarn cards (biology enzyme adds RESIN FINISH) washed by the bale of cotton.
As can be seen from testing result, its crease recovery of fabric prepared by this method can be better than polyester cotton, and suitable with the fabric of RESIN FINISH; According to U.S. AATCC standard, the fabric wash and wear flatness of test reaches more than 3.5 grades, possesses non-ironing, wash and wear performance.

Claims (2)

1. a preparation method for weaving face fabric, utilizing and being combined into yarn feeding device preparation is skin component with staple fibre, take long filament as the core sheath structure corespun composite yarn of the staple fibre covered filament of core component; Based on composite yarn, prepare composite yarn fabric again, its staple fibre component is cotton, cotton chemical fibre or artificial fibre, and long filament component is polyester filament or cotton synthetic fibre long filament; The part by weight of long filament is 20%-35%, and staple fibre part by weight is 65%-80%; It is characterized in that the dyed and high temperature stentering forming of fabric makes this fabric become and possesses non-ironing, wash and wear fabric, decoration method test long filament does not expose, and clad structure is firm.
2. the preparation method of weaving face fabric according to claim 1, is characterized in that outer surface is staple fibre.The fabric that inner skeleton fiber is made up of long filament, its twill number is 20 s× 20 s, plain weave number is 60 s× 60 s; Folding line recovers anxious 244 degree, the bullet in angle, slow 280 degree, bullet; Flat deflection is 4-5 level; Wash and wear flatness reaches 3.5 grades.
CN201310656161.1A 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Preparing method of texture fabric Pending CN104695101A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310656161.1A CN104695101A (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Preparing method of texture fabric

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310656161.1A CN104695101A (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Preparing method of texture fabric

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104695101A true CN104695101A (en) 2015-06-10

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310656161.1A Pending CN104695101A (en) 2013-12-06 2013-12-06 Preparing method of texture fabric

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN104695101A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105040256A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 海宁德赛尔染整有限公司 Warp-knitted corduroy shell fabric and processing equipment thereof
CN106435899A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-02-22 宜宾纬络纺织有限公司 Core-sheath composite yarn and preparation method thereof
CN108625034A (en) * 2018-05-01 2018-10-09 章进通 A kind of PE cladding fabric and preparation method thereof
CN112359464A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-02-12 山东沃源新型面料股份有限公司 Production method of cotton-covered polyester shirt fabric

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105040256A (en) * 2015-06-29 2015-11-11 海宁德赛尔染整有限公司 Warp-knitted corduroy shell fabric and processing equipment thereof
CN106435899A (en) * 2016-10-09 2017-02-22 宜宾纬络纺织有限公司 Core-sheath composite yarn and preparation method thereof
CN106435899B (en) * 2016-10-09 2019-03-29 宜宾纬络纺织有限公司 A kind of core-sheath compound yarn and preparation method thereof
CN108625034A (en) * 2018-05-01 2018-10-09 章进通 A kind of PE cladding fabric and preparation method thereof
CN112359464A (en) * 2020-10-31 2021-02-12 山东沃源新型面料股份有限公司 Production method of cotton-covered polyester shirt fabric

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Application publication date: 20150610