CN103316753B - A kind of refuse breaking separation system and method - Google Patents

A kind of refuse breaking separation system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103316753B
CN103316753B CN201310223221.0A CN201310223221A CN103316753B CN 103316753 B CN103316753 B CN 103316753B CN 201310223221 A CN201310223221 A CN 201310223221A CN 103316753 B CN103316753 B CN 103316753B
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China
Prior art keywords
recovery device
pond
garbage recovery
refuse
rubbish
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CN201310223221.0A
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CN103316753A (en
Inventor
宋超
宋艾迪
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Changchun Aorui Investment Management Co ltd
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Changchun Aorui Investment Management Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of refuse breaking separation system and method, this system comprises ball mill and refuse classification pond, this pond comprises dividing plate, this dividing plate comprises top and bottom, this top is positioned on the horizontal plane in refuse classification pond, this bottom is positioned at the top of refuse classification basin bottom, and refuse classification pond is divided into the first pond and the second pond by described dividing plate; The discharging opening of described ball mill is connected to the top in the first pond, and the bottom in second pond in described refuse classification pond is lower than the bottom in the first pond; The present invention is by being used for refuse breaking by ball mill, and it can the structure rubbish of continuous crushing, increases the crushing efficiency of rubbish; After rubbish after fragmentation enters refuse classification pond, carry out sorting by different specific weight, thus achieve the sorting of rubbish, the equipment that the present invention uses is less, and cost is low, good separation effect.<!--1-->

Description

A kind of refuse breaking separation system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of waste treatment, more particularly, relate to a kind of method of refuse breaking separation system and refuse breaking sorting.
Background technology
At present, the most frequently used method of garbage disposal is carried out burning and burying by the rubbish after collecting, but, burn away the refuse and generation pernicious gas can be made to cause air pollution, burying rubbish can cause groundwater resources to pollute, meanwhile, in rubbish, majority is the material of recoverable, needs people rubbish to be carried out recycling after sorting.
In the prior art, refuse classification carries out fragmentation after needing to carry out pretreatment to rubbish, sub-elect useful material, as Chinese patent application publication number is: 102698838A, it discloses the application of a kind of ball grinding technique in garbage disposal, comprise changing food waste through selection by winnowing, magnetic separation, Separation of Solid and Liquid, sorting, the operations such as precipitation process, by house refuse magnetic separation, screening, after secondary selection by winnowing, these pretreated rubbish join in balling drum and carry out break process again, dividing plate is provided with in this ball mill, ball mill is divided into two storehouses, hollow ball or medicine ball is added in first storehouse, fragmentation is carried out to rubbish, and 16 rectangular through-hole are set on dividing plate, to make the small size rubbish after fragmentation through this through hole, organic matter is mainly carried out fragmentation by it, and screen cloth is set at discharging opening, with make levigate after organic matter be recycled through this screen cloth.Organic matter in rubbish can reclaim by this method, but can not by all rubbish in utility carry out sorting, and this method needs a large amount of artificial and equipment, cost is higher, what is more important, whole rubbish thoroughly can not be carried out fragmentation by these methods, is unfavorable for the sorting of follow-up rubbish, there is hidden danger equally.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, for the above-mentioned defect of prior art, a kind of refuse breaking separation system is provided, whole rubbish can be carried out fragmentation by this system, and different rubbish can be carried out sorting, do not need can realize good crushing effect by complicated and that cost is high primary election operation.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve is: provide a kind of refuse breaking method for separating, and the method is better to refuse breaking effect, by different specific weight, rubbish can be carried out sorting simultaneously.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: provide a kind of refuse breaking separation system, comprises ball mill and refuse classification pond, and this refuse classification pond comprises bottom and sidewall, is provided with garbage recovery device in this refuse classification pond; Described ball mill comprises front-end and back-end, and this front end is provided with charging aperture, and rear end is provided with discharging opening, wherein:
Described refuse classification pond comprises dividing plate, this dividing plate comprises top and bottom, this top is positioned on the horizontal plane in refuse classification pond, and this bottom is positioned at the top of refuse classification basin bottom, and refuse classification pond is divided into the first pond and the second pond by described dividing plate;
The discharging opening of described ball mill is connected to the top in the first pond, and the bottom in second pond in described refuse classification pond is lower than the bottom in the first pond.
The present invention also provides a kind of cracking and sorting method of rubbish, and the method comprises the following steps:
(1) charging aperture of rubbish from ball mill is sent in ball mill, and add appropriate water;
(2) drive unit or bearing drive ball mill to rotate, and drive the mill part of pounding in ball mill roll or make parabolic motion, pound mill part and pound rubbish, grind, extrude and tear, realize the fragmentation to rubbish;
(3) move to the rear end of housing in the rotation process of rubbish in ball mill, and discharge from the discharging opening of ball mill;
(4) sent into by the rubbish after above-mentioned fragmentation in first pond in refuse classification pond, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond below dividing plate, and Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion rubbish are positioned at the first pond under the stop of dividing plate;
(5) reclaimed by the proportion of garbage recovery device by rubbish.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the present invention is by being used for refuse breaking by ball mill, it can the structure rubbish of continuous crushing, increase the crushing efficiency of rubbish, and by the understanding size of refuse breaking to sorting, in the process that rubbish rotates with ball mill, the mill part pounded in ball mill is pounded rubbish, grinds, extrudes and is torn, can not adhesion between rubbish, rubbish also can not glue wall, and rubbish moves to the rear end of ball mill in rotation process, and discharges from discharging opening; After rubbish after fragmentation enters refuse classification pond, owing to being provided with dividing plate in refuse classification pond, and the bottom in the second pond is lower than the bottom in the first pond, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond under gravity below dividing plate, and Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion rubbish are still in the first pond, carry out sorting by different specific weight, thus achieve the sorting of rubbish, the equipment that the present invention uses is less, and cost is low, good separation effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the Facad structure schematic diagram of embodiment of the present invention ball mill;
Fig. 2 is the scavenge port of the embodiment of the present invention is circular structural representation;
The structural representation of Fig. 3 to be the scavenge port of the embodiment of the present invention be oval arc;
The structural representation of Fig. 4 to be the scavenge port of the embodiment of the present invention be array of circular holes shape;
The structural representation of Fig. 5 to be the scavenge port of the embodiment of the present invention be two oval arcuation arrays;
Fig. 6 is the ball mill casing lining of the embodiment of the present invention is wavy shaped configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is the ball mill casing lining of the embodiment of the present invention is bulge-structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the ball mill casing lining of the embodiment of the present invention is the structural representation of stripe board;
Fig. 9 is the perspective structure schematic diagram in the refuse classification pond of the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 be the embodiment of the present invention the plan structure schematic diagram in refuse classification pond;
Figure 11 is the structural representation that the sorting pond of the embodiment of the present invention has gap.
Detailed description of the invention
Now by reference to the accompanying drawings, preferred embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
As shown in Fig. 1 and Fig. 9, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of refuse breaking separation system, comprises ball mill and refuse classification pond 20, and this refuse classification pond 20 comprises bottom 22 and sidewall, is provided with garbage recovery device in this refuse classification pond 20; Described ball mill comprises front-end and back-end, and this front end is provided with charging aperture 3, and rear end is provided with discharging opening 11.
This ball mill comprises pedestal 1 and housing 2, this pedestal 1 is provided with drive unit, described pedestal 1 is also provided with support rotary roller 6, the two ends of described housing 2 are arranged on this support rotary roller 6, housing 2 is arranged the fixture 8 positioned, this fixture 8 is arranged on supporting transfer roller 6; Described drive unit comprises drive motors 7 and driven wheel 10, and it is outside that this driven wheel 10 is fixed on housing 2, and it is connected with drive motors 7.Drive motors 7 can be variable frequency drive motors, also can be other driving mechanisms of the prior art, and breaker can be driven to rotate.
As the another kind of preferred embodiment that ball mill housing of the present invention supports and rotates, the embodiment of the present invention can also be provided with at least one bearing on pedestal, and described ball mill housing is arranged in this bearing; Preferred forms of the present invention is, the bearing that pedestal is arranged is two, and these two bearings are arranged at the two ends of ball mill housing; Described bearing comprises an inner ring, and this inner ring is provided with ball, and described ball mill housing contacts with this ball, thus the housing of this ball mill can rotate along ball.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the ball mill described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises drive end bearing bracket 31 and rear end cap 111, and described charging aperture 3 is provided with drive end bearing bracket 31, and discharging opening 11 is provided with rear end cap 111; Housing 2 described in the embodiment of the present invention is tube structure, the diameter of this cylindrical shell is 1.5-5 rice, length is 5-20 rice, because inner barrel has enough large space, make to pound mill part and realize parabolic motion in cylindrical shell, when pounding mill part and falling, enough strength can be had to carry out fragmentation to rubbish; This cylindrical shell has enough length, makes rubbish have the enough broken time.The rear end of described housing 2 is provided with outer cover 9, splashes when it can prevent broken rear rubbish from discharging housing.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the diameter of the discharging opening 11 of the housing described in the embodiment of the present invention is greater than the diameter of charging aperture 3, is conducive to the spilling of light materials; On this charging aperture 3, be also provided with the first conveyer of conveying garbage, this conveying device is conveyer belt or transfer plate, and this charging aperture 3 is also provided with priming apparatus, and this priming apparatus can be water pipe, also can be other priming apparatus of the prior art.Ball mill described in the embodiment of the present invention and be provided with the second conveyer between refuse classification pond 20, one end of this second conveyer is connected with the discharging opening 11 of housing, and the other end is positioned at the top of refuse classification pond the first side wall.
As Figure 2-Figure 5, the adjoining position of housing rear end described in the embodiment of the present invention is provided with at least one scavenge port 5, on its end face that can be arranged on housing 2 or sidewall, the shape of this scavenge port 5 can be circular port or arc-shaped hole, can be several, also can be arrayed, arrayed be preferred forms, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5.Scavenge port 5 one aspect of the embodiment of the present invention plays spacing effect, when the water level in housing 2 can flow out automatically higher than during this scavenge port 5, on the other hand, rubbish rotates and is broken in process in housing, move to the rear end of housing, heavy substance is positioned at lower floor, and light materials is positioned at upper strata.
As shown in Figure 1, housing 2 inside described in the embodiment of the present invention is placed some difform pounding and is ground part and appropriate water, this pounds mill part can be that metal material or nonmetallic materials are made, metal material can be stainless steel, manganese steel or manganese-carbon alloy, nonmetallic materials can be potteries, stone material etc., its shape comprises spheroid, bullet, polyhedron and obform body, described polyhedron can be regular polygon, as positive 6 bodies, 8 bodies etc., also can be that there is the non-regular polygon of multiple, because this pounds mill part, there is different shapes, can with the contact in the multiple point of rubbish or face, the rubbish of some composite constructions and cavity body structure is conducive to be broken, smash, tear and hit tight, described obform body refers to erose structure, and the shape with rib or wedge angle, it can play the effect that bag-shaped rubbish is punctured or torn, described sphere diameter is: 5cm ~ 30cm, the spheroid of preferred 5cm, 20cm and 25cm, adopt the spheroid of different size, to the fragmentation of rubbish, there is better interaction, on the other hand, in the process that rubbish rotates, the effect ground can also be had.
As shown in figs 6-8, the inner walls described in the embodiment of the present invention is provided with liner 4, and this liner 4 surface is wavy shaped configuration 42, stripe board 43 or some bulge-structures 41, and it with the interphase interaction of pounding abrading-ball body, can have better crushing effect to rubbish.The preferred scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is that the liner of ball mill front end is set to wavy shaped configuration 42, stripe board 43 or some bulge-structures 41, its density is held after one's death gradually and is successively decreased, the rear terminal inner lining of ball mill can be smooth structure, thus, rubbish is when ball mill front end is pounded, and frictional force is large, and the frictional force of rear end is little, be conducive to rubbish to smash in front end, be conducive in rear end discharging from discharge gate 11.
The shape in the refuse classification pond 20 described in the embodiment of the present invention does not limit, and can be the shape of rule, also can be irregular shape, can be circular, oval, quadrangle or polygon etc., the embodiment of the present invention, to have the quadrangle pond of four sidewalls, is just not limited to this shape.
As shown in Figures 9 and 10, a kind of embodiment when sorting is carried out to rubbish in its refuse classification pond being the embodiment of the present invention, described in the present embodiment, refuse classification pond 20 comprises dividing plate 29, this dividing plate 29 comprises top 293 and bottom 291, this top 293 is positioned on the horizontal plane 215 in refuse classification pond, this bottom 291 is positioned at the top of refuse classification basin bottom 22, and refuse classification pond is divided into the first pond 201 and the second pond 202 by described dividing plate 29; The discharging opening 11 of described ball mill is connected to the top in the first pond 201, the bottom in second pond 202 in described refuse classification pond 20, lower than the bottom in the first pond 201, is conducive to rubbish and moves to the second pond 202 from the first pond 201 under gravity.Refuse classification pond 20 described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises the first side wall 27 and the second sidewall 28, and described dividing plate 29 comprises front end 292 and rear end 294, and this front end 292 is connected with the first side wall 27, and this rear end 294 is connected with the second sidewall 28.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, be provided with water injector in the refuse classification pond 20 described in the embodiment of the present invention, described water injector is arrayed.
The discharging opening 11 of ball mill described in the embodiment of the present invention is connected to the top of this first side wall 27, described water injector comprises the first water injector 211, this first water injector 211 is arranged on the first side wall 27 in the first pond 201, and this first water injector 211 is arranged at the below of ball mill discharging mouth 11.The preferred embodiment of the present invention is: on the first described pond, 201 sides are provided with a feed entrance 26, this feed entrance 26 is connected with the discharging opening 11 of ball mill, this feed entrance 26 is connected by the second conveyer with before ball mill discharging mouth 11, simultaneously, also directly the discharging opening of ball mill can be arranged at the top of feed entrance 26, the first water injector 211 is arranged at the below of feed entrance 26.When the feeding mouth 26 of the rubbish process after fragmentation enters refuse classification pond 20, under the effect of the first water injector 211, by the rubbish of Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion under the effect of impulse force, away from the first side wall 27, and can move to the direction of the second sidewall 28.The second water injector 213 is provided with in refuse classification pond 20 described in the embodiment of the present invention, this second water injector 213 is arranged in the first pond 201, this second water injector 213 can give Specific gravity rubbish and the further impulse force of middle proportion rubbish, makes these garbage energy arrive the second sidewall 28 more fast.The first pond 201 described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises the 3rd sidewall 216, the bottom of the 3rd sidewall 216 is provided with the 3rd water injector 217, heavy for anharmonic ratio rubbish 218 can be given certain impulse force by the 3rd water injector 217, and heavy for anharmonic ratio rubbish 218 is moved to the second pond 202.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, the refuse classification basin bottom 22 described in the embodiment of the present invention is provided with aerator 214, and this aerator 214 is provided with some ventholes 21.Preferred embodiment of the invention process is, described aerator 214 is arranged at the bottom in the first pond 201, thus, after the rubbish after fragmentation enters this first pond 201, the bubble that this aerator 214 produces can give the rubbish of middle proportion and the certain buoyancy of Specific gravity rubbish, middle proportion rubbish can be made to sink, and the second sidewall 28 can be moved to fast.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, garbage recovery device described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises the heavy garbage recovery device 23 of at least one anharmonic ratio, proportion garbage recovery device 25 at least one, at least one Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24, the garbage recovery device of the various proportions of the embodiment of the present invention arranges corresponding quantity according to needs when using, the present embodiment respectively with one for diagram, but be not limited to one.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, the heavy garbage recovery device 23 of anharmonic ratio described in the embodiment of the present invention is arranged at the second pond 202, after rubbish enters refuse classification pond 20, because the bottom in the second pond 202 is lower than the bottom in the first pond 201, therefore under gravity, the heavy rubbish 28 of anharmonic ratio can move to the bottom in the second pond 202 through the bottom 291 of dividing plate 29, simultaneously, the 3rd described sidewall 218 is provided with the 3rd water injector 217, the heavy rubbish 28 of anharmonic ratio can be made to move the second pond 202 more fast, and the first pond 201 can not be accumulated to.
As shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, described middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 and Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 are arranged at the second adjoining position of sidewall 28, be preferably disposed on the second sidewall 28, after described rubbish moves to the second sidewall 28, reclaimed by the rubbish of Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 pairs of Specific gravity, reclaimed by middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 centering proportion rubbish, described middle proportion garbage recovery device comprises screen pack 251 and recovery tube 252, described middle proportion rubbish is by after screen pack 251, flow out from recovery tube 252, this screen pack 251 is provided with scraping blade or filtering net cleaning brush, block to prevent screen pack 251.
The heavy garbage recovery device 23 of anharmonic ratio described in the embodiment of the present invention and Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 are conveying worm, chain scraper conveyor, conveyer belt or chain transfer; Described Specific gravity garbage recovery device is provided with spine structure, is beneficial to the recovery to Specific gravity rubbish.
The embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of refuse breaking method for separating, comprises the following steps:
(1) charging aperture 3 of rubbish from ball mill is sent in ball mill, and add appropriate water;
(2) drive unit or bearing drive ball mill to rotate, and drive the mill part of pounding in ball mill roll or make parabolic motion, pound mill part and pound rubbish, grind, extrude and tear, realize the fragmentation to rubbish;
(3) move to the rear end of housing in the rotation process of rubbish in ball mill, and discharge from the discharging opening 11 of ball mill;
(4) sent into by the rubbish after above-mentioned fragmentation in first pond 201 in refuse classification pond 20, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond 202 below dividing plate 29, and Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion rubbish are positioned at the first pond 201 under the stop of dividing plate 29;
(5) reclaimed by the proportion of garbage recovery device by rubbish.
In step (1) described in the embodiment of the present invention, rubbish is sent into continuously by the first conveyer; Described water is added continuously by priming apparatus, and the addition of this water is the 10-50% of garbage weight, and adding of this water also can be add with rubbish simultaneously, thus makes rubbish carry out fragmentation continuously, improves the efficiency of refuse breaking.Owing to adding water in ball mill, make adhesion between rubbish, pound mill part and better fragmentation is played to rubbish.In step (2) described in the present embodiment, the rotating speed of housing is 20-40 rev/min.
As shown in Figure 9, after sorting pool sent into by the rubbish described in the embodiment of the present invention, the heavy rubbish 28 of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond 202, is reclaimed by the heavy garbage recovery device 23 of anharmonic ratio; Middle proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish are under the effect of the first water injector 211, move to second sidewall 28 in refuse classification pond 20, reclaimed by Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 and middle proportion garbage recovery device 25, rubbish after this recovery, is transported to required industry by conveying arrangement 210 and is recycled.
As shown in figure 11, its another embodiment when to be refuse classification pond of the present invention carry out sorting to rubbish, it only will be illustrated with the first embodiment difference, and something in common repeats no more.Refuse classification pond 20 described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises overfall 219, and this overfall 219 is positioned at the adjoining position of the second sidewall 28, and the present embodiment is to be arranged on the second sidewall 28.Garbage recovery device described in the present embodiment comprises the heavy garbage recovery device 23 of at least one anharmonic ratio, the heavy garbage recovery device 23 of this anharmonic ratio is arranged at the second pond 202, described garbage recovery device also comprises proportion garbage recovery device 25 at least one, at least one Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24, the present embodiment for one, but is not limited to one.
Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 described in the present embodiment and middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 are arranged at the outside of sorting pond second sidewall 28, and this Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 is connected with overfall 219.In this enforcement, the heavy rubbish 28 of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond 202, reclaimed by the heavy garbage apparatus 23 of anharmonic ratio, and middle proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish are by under the effect of the first water injector 211, move to the second sidewall 28, and overflow from overfall 219, after in this, proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish overflow, reclaimed by middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 and Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24.In embodiments of the present invention, described middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 is positioned at the below of Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24, and middle proportion rubbish enters middle proportion garbage recovery device again through this Specific gravity rubbish and reclaims.
As shown in figure 11, the embodiment of the present invention can also described Specific gravity garbage recovery device 24 to be arranged at refuse classification pond second sidewall 28 outside, it is connected with overfall 219, described middle proportion garbage recovery device 25 is arranged at the middle part of the second sidewall 28, the rubbish of described Specific gravity is overflowed by overfall 219, and middle proportion rubbish in the middle part of the second sidewall 28 proportion retracting device 25 discharge.
In the above-described embodiments, second sidewall 28 in described refuse classification pond 20 is less than the first side wall 27, thus Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion rubbish, under the effect of current, can move from trend second sidewall 28.In the refuse breaking method for separating of the embodiment of the present invention, the first pond 201 is provided with the second water injector 213, to give middle proportion rubbish and the further impulse force of Specific gravity rubbish, can arrive the second sidewall 28 position fast and successfully; The 3rd described sidewall 218 is provided with the 3rd water injector 217, and it gives the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio certain impulse force, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio is arrived in the second pond 202 fast, can't be accumulated to the first pond 201.
Heavy substance described in the embodiment of the present invention comprises sandstone, earth, glass, metal, pottery, bone, and heavy rubber etc. is discharged from scavenge port 5 after fragmentation; Light materials comprises plastics, lightweight rubber, and timber etc. overflow from discharging opening 11; Described organic suspension can be discharged from scavenge port 5, also can overflow from discharging opening 11.
Should be understood that, for those of ordinary skills, can be improved according to the above description or convert, and all these improve and convert the protection domain that all should belong to claims of the present invention.

Claims (50)

1. a refuse breaking separation system, comprises ball mill and refuse classification pond, and this refuse classification pond comprises bottom and sidewall, is provided with garbage recovery device in this refuse classification pond; Described ball mill comprises front-end and back-end, and this front end is provided with charging aperture, and rear end is provided with discharging opening, it is characterized in that:
Described ball mill comprises a housing, and this housing is tube structure, and the diameter of this cylindrical shell is 1.5-5 rice, and length is 5-20 rice;
Described refuse classification pond comprises dividing plate, this dividing plate comprises top and bottom, this top is positioned on the horizontal plane in refuse classification pond, and this bottom is positioned at the top of refuse classification basin bottom, and refuse classification pond is divided into the first pond and the second pond by described dividing plate;
The discharging opening of described ball mill is connected to the top in the first pond, the bottom in second pond in described refuse classification pond is lower than the bottom in the first pond, described refuse classification pond comprises the first side wall and the second sidewall, described dividing plate comprises front-end and back-end, this front end is connected with the first side wall, and this rear end is connected with the second sidewall.
2. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with water injector in described refuse classification pond.
3. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described refuse classification basin bottom is provided with aerator.
4. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described aerator is arranged at the bottom in the first pond.
5. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the discharging opening of described ball mill is connected to the top of this first side wall, described water injector comprises the first water injector, and this first water injector is arranged on the first side wall in the first pond.
6. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 5, is characterized in that: be provided with a feed entrance above the first described pond, this feed entrance is connected with the discharging opening of ball mill, and the first water injector is arranged at the below of feed entrance.
7. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: be provided with the second water injector in described refuse classification pond, and this second water injector is arranged in the first pond.
8. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the first described pond comprises the 3rd sidewall, and the bottom of the 3rd sidewall is provided with the 3rd water injector.
9. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described water injector is arrayed.
10. refuse breaking separation system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described garbage recovery device comprises the heavy garbage recovery device of at least one anharmonic ratio, proportion garbage recovery device at least one, at least one Specific gravity garbage recovery device.
11. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 10, is characterized in that: the heavy garbage recovery device of described anharmonic ratio is arranged at the second pond.
12. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 11, is characterized in that: described middle proportion garbage recovery device and Specific gravity garbage recovery device are arranged at the second adjoining position of sidewall.
13. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that: the heavy garbage recovery device of described anharmonic ratio and Specific gravity garbage recovery device are conveying worm, chain scraper conveyor, conveyer belt or chain transfer.
14. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 13, is characterized in that: described Specific gravity garbage recovery device is provided with spine structure.
15. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 12, is characterized in that: described middle proportion garbage recovery device comprises screen pack and recovery tube, and middle proportion rubbish, by after screen pack, flows out from recovery tube.
16. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 15, is characterized in that: described screen pack is provided with scraping blade or filtering net cleaning brush.
17. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described refuse classification pond comprises overfall, and this overfall is positioned at the adjoining position of the second sidewall.
18. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 17, is characterized in that: described garbage recovery device comprises the heavy garbage recovery device of at least one anharmonic ratio, and the heavy garbage recovery device of this anharmonic ratio is arranged at the second pond.
19. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 18, is characterized in that: described garbage recovery device also comprises proportion garbage recovery device at least one, at least one Specific gravity garbage recovery device.
20. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 19, it is characterized in that: described Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device are arranged at the outside of refuse classification pond second sidewall, and this Specific gravity garbage recovery device is connected with overfall.
21. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 19, it is characterized in that: it is outside that described Specific gravity garbage recovery device is arranged at refuse classification pond second sidewall, it is connected with overfall, and described middle proportion garbage recovery device is arranged at the middle part of the second sidewall.
22. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 21, it is characterized in that: described middle proportion garbage recovery device is positioned at the below of Specific gravity garbage recovery device, middle proportion rubbish through after this Specific gravity garbage recovery device, then enters middle proportion garbage recovery device and reclaims.
23., according to the arbitrary described refuse breaking separation system of claim 10-22, is characterized in that: second sidewall end in described refuse classification pond is less than the first side wall end.
24. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 23, its spy is: described enclosure interior is placed and somely difformly pounded mill part.
25. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 24, is characterized in that: the described shape of pounding mill part comprises spheroid, bullet, polyhedron and obform body.
26. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 23, is characterized in that: the discharging opening diameter of described housing forward end is greater than the diameter of the charging aperture of rear end.
27. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described housing rear end is provided with scavenge port.
28. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 27, is characterized in that: described inner walls is provided with liner, and this inner lining surface is wavy shaped configuration, some bulge-structures or stripe board structure.
29. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 28, is characterized in that: described ball mill comprises pedestal, this pedestal are provided with at least one support rotary roller, and described housing is arranged on this support rotary roller.
30. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 29, it is characterized in that: described ball mill also comprises drive unit, this drive unit comprises drive motors and driven wheel, and this driven wheel is fixed on hull outside.
31. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 22, is characterized in that: described ball mill also comprises pedestal, this pedestal are provided with at least one bearing, described ball mill housing is arranged on this bearing.
32. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 31, is characterized in that: described bearing is two, and these two bearings are arranged at the two ends of ball mill housing.
33. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 31, is characterized in that, it is rolling bearing or sliding bearing that described bearing comprises.
34. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the charging aperture of described ball mill is provided with rubbish first conveyer and priming apparatus.
35. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between described ball mill and refuse classification pond, be provided with the second conveyer, one end of this second conveyer is connected with the discharging opening of housing, and the other end is positioned at the top of refuse classification pond the first side wall.
36. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 27, is characterized in that: described scavenge port is circular port or oval arcuate socket.
37. refuse breaking separation systems according to claim 36, is characterized in that: described scavenge port is arrayed.
38., according to refuse breaking separation system according to claim 37, is characterized in that: described housing rear end is provided with an outer cover.
39. 1 kinds of refuse breaking method for separating, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) sent in ball mill by the charging aperture of rubbish from ball mill, and add appropriate water, rubbish is sent into continuously by the first conveyer; Described water is added continuously by priming apparatus, and the addition of this water is the 10-50% of garbage weight;
(2) drive unit or bearing drive ball mill to rotate, and drive the mill part of pounding in ball mill roll or make parabolic motion, pound mill part and pound rubbish, grind, extrude and tear, realize the fragmentation to rubbish;
(3) move to the rear end of housing in the rotation process of rubbish in ball mill, and discharge from the discharging opening of ball mill;
(4) sent into by the rubbish after above-mentioned fragmentation in first pond in refuse classification pond, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond below dividing plate, and Specific gravity rubbish and middle proportion rubbish are positioned at the first pond under the stop of dividing plate;
(5) reclaimed by the proportion of garbage recovery device by rubbish.
40., according to refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 39, is characterized in that: in (2) described step, and the rotating speed of housing is 20-40 rev/min.
41. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 40, is characterized in that: described garbage recovery device comprises the heavy garbage recovery device of at least one anharmonic ratio, proportion garbage recovery device at least one, and at least one Specific gravity garbage recovery device.
42. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 41, is characterized in that: described anharmonic ratio is returned rubbish receiving apparatus and is arranged in the second pond; Described Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device are arranged in the first pond.
43. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 42, is characterized in that: described Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device are arranged on the second sidewall.
44., according to the arbitrary described refuse breaking method for separating of claim 41-43, is characterized in that: after refuse classification pond sent into by described rubbish, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond, are reclaimed by the heavy garbage recovery device of anharmonic ratio; Middle proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish, under the effect of the first water injector, move to second sidewall in refuse classification pond, are reclaimed by Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device.
45. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 41, is characterized in that: the heavy garbage recovery device of described anharmonic ratio is arranged in the second pond; Described Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device are arranged at outside the sidewall of refuse classification pond second.
46. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 45, it is characterized in that: second sidewall in described refuse classification pond is provided with overfall, this overfall is connected with Specific gravity garbage recovery device, and described middle proportion garbage recovery device is arranged at the below of Specific gravity garbage recovery device.
47. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 46, is characterized in that: after refuse classification pond sent into by described rubbish, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond, are reclaimed by the heavy garbage recovery device of anharmonic ratio; Middle proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish, under the effect of the first water injector, are moved to second sidewall in refuse classification pond, and are overflowed by overfall, then are reclaimed by Specific gravity garbage recovery device and middle proportion garbage recovery device.
48. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 41, is characterized in that: the heavy garbage recovery device of described anharmonic ratio is arranged in the second pond; Described Specific gravity garbage recovery device is arranged at outside the sidewall of refuse classification pond second, and is connected with overfall; Middle proportion garbage recovery device is arranged on the second sidewall.
49. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 48, is characterized in that: after refuse classification pond sent into by described rubbish, the heavy rubbish of anharmonic ratio moves to the second pond, are reclaimed by the heavy garbage recovery device of anharmonic ratio; Middle proportion rubbish and Specific gravity rubbish are under the effect of the first water injector, and move to second sidewall in refuse classification pond, Specific gravity rubbish is overflowed by overfall, and is reclaimed by Specific gravity garbage recovery device; Middle proportion rubbish is reclaimed by proportion garbage recovery device on the second sidewall.
50. refuse breaking method for separating according to claim 49, it is characterized in that: described Specific gravity garbage recovery device is arranged at above middle proportion garbage recovery device, middle proportion rubbish through after this Specific gravity garbage recovery device, then enters middle proportion garbage recovery device.
CN201310223221.0A 2013-06-06 2013-06-06 A kind of refuse breaking separation system and method Expired - Fee Related CN103316753B (en)

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