CN103270860A - Planting method for Dendrobium officinale - Google Patents

Planting method for Dendrobium officinale Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103270860A
CN103270860A CN2013100854816A CN201310085481A CN103270860A CN 103270860 A CN103270860 A CN 103270860A CN 2013100854816 A CN2013100854816 A CN 2013100854816A CN 201310085481 A CN201310085481 A CN 201310085481A CN 103270860 A CN103270860 A CN 103270860A
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Prior art keywords
stem
planting
dendrobium candidum
dendrobium officinale
dendrobium
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CN2013100854816A
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CN103270860B (en
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蔡捷炫
张达
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Shenzhen Huasheng Enterprise Group Co., Ltd.
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SHENZHEN HUASHENG ENTERPRISE GROUP CO Ltd
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    • Y02P60/216

Abstract

The invention discloses a planting method for Dendrobium officinale with thin rhizomes and dense tubercles. The planting method mainly includes the steps of planting seedlings, inhibiting extension and continuing cultivation till harvest. The step of inhibiting extension includes the sub-step of sniping off bubs at the top end of the Dendrobium officinale to destroy growing points at the top end of the Dendrobium officinale when a stem of the Dendrobium officinale grows to 5-7cm so that the stem of the Dendrobium officinale can stop growing. According to the planting method, due to the fact that the growing points at the top end of the Dendrobium officinale are destroyed and the Dendrobium officinale is made to stop growing in the longitudinal direction, nutritional ingredients can mainly gather in an original plant with a 5-7cm stem during a later-period cultivation process, and therefore the Dendrobium officinale with the thin rhizomes and the dense tubercles can be obtained, wherein the Dendrobium officinale is of great medicinal value.

Description

A kind of kind method for planting of dendrobium candidum
Technical field
The application relates to health care and medicinal plant field of planting, particularly relates to the kind method for planting of a kind of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum.
Background technology
Dendrobium candidum is a kind of the orchid family aerophyte, is very rare famous and precious wild traditional Chinese medicine, and dendrobium candidum is processed as lepicena and is called Tiepi Fengdou again.The traditional traditional Chinese medical science of China is thought the dendrobium candidum cold nature, and it is sweet to distinguish the flavor of, and goes into lung, stomach, kidney channel, cures mainly consumption of body fluid caused by febrile disease, the dry polydipsia, and abnormal heat after being ill, yctalopia, it is dark that the moon is hindered order, enriching yin and nourishing kidney arranged, clearing heat and promoting fluid, intelligence promoting and tranquilization, the effect that strengthens muscles and bones.Treat various difficult and complicated cases with the stem of noble dendrobium at folks of china always.Modern clinical practice and pharmacological research also confirm, dendrobium candidum has definite curative effect to increasing immunity, anti-ageing, anti-curing cancers, treatment diabetes and atrophic gastritis, to tobacco and wine, fatigue, night life, with an overstrain one's nerves crowd and the hoarse person of vocal cords restitution is arranged.Along with the raising of compatriots' growth in the living standard, health care consciousness, the health care of dendrobium candidum is worth the favor that is subjected to more and more people, and when the river rises the boat goes up for the price of dendrobium candidum goods, and the cultivation of dendrobium candidum becomes more many more huge industry.
And " admirable in all its details " is the treasure in the dendrobium candidum, and its plant length in normal growth cycle remains on the 5-7 centimetre, can connect root and be made into a maple bucket, and medical value is high, but general only exist with wild environment in, the quantity rareness, expensive.
Summary of the invention
The application's purpose provides a kind of under existing artificial planting technique and condition, realizes the kind method for planting of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum volume production.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the application takes is:
The kind method for planting of a kind of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum comprises:
Seedling cultivation;
Elongation blocking-up: when growing to the 5-7 centimetre in dendrobium candidum stem, pinch de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top young shoot, destroy its apical growing point, make its stem stop elongation.
Continue to cultivate: continue to be cultured to and gather.
The method of described elongation blocking-up comprises, pinches de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top young shoot gently, adopts wooden or bamboo sharp-pointed bamboo slips used for divination or drawing lots then, and friction back and forth gently destroys its growing point on stem of noble dendrobium stem top.
Also comprise before the described elongation blocking-up, dendrobium candidum stem surface is carried out disinfection.
Described dendrobium candidum stem surface is carried out disinfection comprises that elder generation, is cleaned with distilled water stem of noble dendrobium stem surface wiped clean then with alcohol.
The fertilizer that adopts in the whole process of described kind of method for planting is liquid fertilizer.
The application's beneficial effect is, when the 5-7 centimetre grows in dendrobium candidum stem, pinch de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top young shoot, destroy its apical growing point, the vertical growing way of dendrobium candidum is stopped, and length remains unchanged, and the nutrient component that late growing stage produces accumulates in original plant, thereby generate high " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum of medical value, utilize the application's method by enlarging the volume production that plantation can realize " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that bud is shown in the rip cutting of dendrobium candidum twig.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with embodiment.
The kind that the application selects for use is the auspicious and hall dendrobium candidum in Wild Goose and Reed Marsh Mountains, Zhejiang.The suitable growth temperature of dendrobium candidum is 10-30 ℃, belong to the sun plant kind, be subjected to moisture in the microclimate environment, the especially strictness of air humidity restriction, should select the well-ventilated, sit in the north facing the south and cultivate the place away from pollution source and the higher hillside fields of height above sea level as it.Method breeding seedling such as dendrobium candidum blue plant division, cuttage and group training commonly used, the planting type after surviving is generally potted plant.The potted plant stem of noble dendrobium often selects that assorted bark, coconut palm chaff, sphagna, spinulose tree fern are broken for use, small stone+bark+coconut palm chaff, bark+small stone, coconut palm chaff+shredded coconut meat etc. are single or mix light-duty, draining good, ventilative matrix is cultivated, the matrix that the application selects for use is that broken bark+coconut palm chaff=1:1 mixes use.
Under the dendrobium candidum seedling kind back 10 months, this moment, the 5-7 centimetre grew in dendrobium candidum stem, pinched the young shoot (as shown in Figure 1) that de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top newly grows out gently, adopted wooden or bamboo sharp-pointed bamboo slips used for divination or drawing lots then, friction back and forth gently destroys its growing point on dendrobium candidum stem top.Wherein, the shape of bamboo slips used for divination or drawing lots is made the pencil shape, can make other suitable shapes certainly, is not advisable so that operation does not injure dendrobium candidum stem afterbody.In addition, before destroying growing point, need be to the surface disinfection of dendrobium candidum stem, preventing that the dendrobium candidum stem from infecting rots to cause scar, the concrete operations of sterilization are: with 75% alcohol, with the surperficial wiped clean of stem, clean with distilled water then gently earlier, after 2 minutes, can destroy the operation of dendrobium candidum stem apical growing point to dendrobium candidum.Pinch remove young shoot after, destroy the growing point of dendrobium candidum, continue dendrobium candidum is cultivated.The cell of growing point is general to be arranged closely, and cell nucleus is big, and cytoplasm is dense, the splitting ability that tool is very strong, and constantly the new cell of hyperplasia constantly extends stem.Owing to destroyed the growing point of dendrobium candidum, namely blocked its apical cell's growth, so that dendrobium candidum stem stops longitudinal growth, its length remains unchanged.And being grown in of dendrobium candidum do not destroy its internode tissue and do not have under the situation that exogenous hormone stimulates, and intercalary growth point can not be excited, so also can not go out lateral bud in intercalary growth.So the nutrient component that late growing stage produces accumulates in original plant, thereby generate high " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum of medical value.When receipts are adopted, with " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum plant from the root portion of the whole clump stem of noble dendrobium from strip off, keep institute's quarrying dry measure used in former times root complete to stem, and do not influence the growth of other dendrobium candidums and gather.In addition, the application's kind method for planting uses liquid fertilizer in whole planting process.
Adopt the medical value of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum that the application's kind method for planting obtains for explanation and be higher than general dendrobium candidum, the application has carried out the field trial design.
Tested variety is the auspicious and hall dendrobium candidum in Wild Goose and Reed Marsh Mountains, Zhejiang, and wherein code T 1 adopts the commonsense method plantation, and T2 adopts the plantation of " admirable in all its details " technology.Adopt district's group arrangement at random, establish 2 residential quarters, 10 square metres of residential quarter areas, 1000 clumps of every residential quarter kinds (1 clump of 3 seedling), planting density 100 Cong/㎡.Matrix is that broken bark adds coconut palm chaff=1:1 and mixes use, plants in 2.5 cun flexible glue basins (1 clump of 1 basin), is placed in after planting in the booth on the built on stilts seedbed.The test region periphery is established guard row.In in October, 2009 plantation, second batch of seedling planted in March, 2010 in the first batch.Duration of test carries out investigation records to the comprehensive proterties of its field growing, take a sample test twice, measure 30 group planting strains at random, and test item is carried out initial data arrangement statistics, the partial amt proterties is carried out variance analysis and significance of difference test, the last comprehensive relatively result of the test of each batch.Grow normally through field assay: T1, plant the high 35-50 centimetre of plant after 20 months; The T2 growing way is even, and proterties is stable, the high 5-7 centimetre of plant, and product are mutually fine.After testing, T2 polyoses content 34.19%, than high 4.10 hundred parts of points of control group T1, mannose content 26.32%, than high 2.31 hundred parts of points of control group T1, the peak area ratio of mannose and glucose is 3.2, meets the pharmacopeia regulation.By reality plantation and detection contrast proof, utilize the medical value of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum of of the present invention kind of method for planting acquisition to be higher than general dendrobium candidum.In addition, utilize the application's kind method for planting by enlarging planting range, can realize the volume production of " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum.
Above content be in conjunction with concrete embodiment to further describing that the application does, can not assert that the application's concrete enforcement is confined to these explanations.For the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the application's design, can also make some simple deduction or replace, all should be considered as belonging to the application's protection domain.

Claims (5)

  1. One kind " admirable in all its details " level dendrobium candidum the kind method for planting, comprising:
    Seedling cultivation;
    Elongation blocking-up: when growing to the 5-7 centimetre in dendrobium candidum stem, pinch de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top young shoot, destroy its apical growing point, make its stem stop elongation.
    Continue to cultivate: continue to be cultured to and gather.
  2. 2. according to claim a kind of method for planting, it is characterized in that: the method for described elongation blocking-up comprises, pinches de-iron skin stem of noble dendrobium top young shoot gently, adopts wooden or bamboo sharp-pointed bamboo slips used for divination or drawing lots then, friction back and forth gently destroys its growing point on dendrobium candidum stem top.
  3. 3. according to claim 2 kind of method for planting is characterized in that: also comprise before the described elongation blocking-up, dendrobium candidum stem surface is carried out disinfection.
  4. 4. according to claim 3 kind of method for planting is characterized in that: described dendrobium candidum stem surface is carried out disinfection comprise, earlier with alcohol with stem of noble dendrobium stem surface wiped clean, clean with distilled water then.
  5. 5. according to described kind of method for planting of claim 1-4, it is characterized in that: the fertilizer that adopts in the whole process of described kind of method for planting is liquid fertilizer.
CN201310085481.6A 2013-03-18 2013-03-18 A kind of implantation methods of dendrobium candidum Active CN103270860B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107916298A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-17 广东轻工职业技术学院 A kind of method and its application for differentiating the admirable in all its details high-quality dendrobium candidum of type
CN107916297A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-17 广东轻工职业技术学院 A kind of kit for differentiating the admirable in all its details high-quality dendrobium candidum of type and its application

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN1961632A (en) * 2006-12-08 2007-05-16 蔡仲玉 An officinal dendrobium stem plantation method
CN102550252A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-07-11 广西壮族自治区科学技术情报研究所 Cultivation method of Dendrobium officinale
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum

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CN1961632A (en) * 2006-12-08 2007-05-16 蔡仲玉 An officinal dendrobium stem plantation method
CN102550252A (en) * 2012-01-12 2012-07-11 广西壮族自治区科学技术情报研究所 Cultivation method of Dendrobium officinale
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107916298A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-17 广东轻工职业技术学院 A kind of method and its application for differentiating the admirable in all its details high-quality dendrobium candidum of type
CN107916297A (en) * 2017-10-18 2018-04-17 广东轻工职业技术学院 A kind of kit for differentiating the admirable in all its details high-quality dendrobium candidum of type and its application
CN107916297B (en) * 2017-10-18 2021-02-19 广东轻工职业技术学院 Kit for identifying phoenix-tail type high-quality dendrobium officinale and application thereof
CN107916298B (en) * 2017-10-18 2021-02-19 广东轻工职业技术学院 Method for identifying Phoenix dactylifera type high-quality dendrobium officinale and application of method

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