CN102613056A - Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum - Google Patents

Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102613056A
CN102613056A CN2012101133425A CN201210113342A CN102613056A CN 102613056 A CN102613056 A CN 102613056A CN 2012101133425 A CN2012101133425 A CN 2012101133425A CN 201210113342 A CN201210113342 A CN 201210113342A CN 102613056 A CN102613056 A CN 102613056A
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dendrobium candidum
culture
dendrobium
cultivation
original ecology
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CN2012101133425A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102613056B (en
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斯金平
朱玉球
张新凤
诸燕
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浙江农林大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to an original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum and belongs to the technical field of biological resource culture. The original ecological culture method of the dendrobium candidum is characterized in that the natural growth forest environment is selected, the sun shading effect of branches and leaves is utilized, the natural sun shading degree is 70 percent to 80 percent, the light irradiation is diffused light or scattered light, the light illumination intensity is 3000 to 5000lux, culture media are washed away from seedlings for field planting, the roots of the dendrobium candidum are placed onto culture substrates in a way that 3 to 5 strains are used as one bundle according to the bundle distance being 8-12*18-22cm, the roots are covered until the roots cannot be seen, sufficient water is watered, the air humidity is ensured to be 80 to 95 percent, the temperature is 19 to 33 DEG C, the water spraying is carried out for 1 to 2 times every day after the planting, and the water spraying is sufficient in each time. The original ecological culture method of the dendrobium candidum has the advantages that the natural growth forest environment is used as a carrier, high-quality and efficient culture substrates are adopted, the environment favorable for the growth of the dendrobium candidum is formed, the survival rate of the dendrobium candidum is as high as more than 95 percent, in addition, the yield is high, and the culture cost is low.

Description

A kind of original ecology cultivating method of dendrobium candidum
Technical field
The invention belongs to living resources and cultivate technical field, be specifically related to a kind of original ecology cultivating method of dendrobium candidum.
Background technology
Its direct sum glossy ganoderma, genseng, Cordyceps sinensis etc. are the same since thousand is classified as top grade Chinese medicine for dendrobium candidum.The stem of noble dendrobium is a orchid family Dendrobium plant, and whole world the orchid family has 500 to belong to kind more than 15000 approximately; Dendrobium is one of genus maximum in the orchid family.China's the orchid family has 150 to belong to approximately, 1000 kinds, mainly is distributed in the Qinling Mountains and on the south the Yangtze river basin provinces and regions; The most of kinds of Dendrobium plant all concentrate be distributed in 15 ° 30 '~25 ° 12 of north latitude ' between, and prolong kind more northwards and then reduce gradually.China's dendrobium candidum mainly is distributed in ground such as Zhejiang, Guangxi, Hunan, Guizhou.
Dendrobium candidum grows in the moon place of overhanging cliff, and normal suspension cable precipice of ancients or archery are gathered.Dendrobium candidum receives the anima in the world throughout the year, inhales the elite of life, as the health superfine product, receives imperial palace noble's favor since ancient times deeply.But because its growth conditions is very harsh, natural production is very rare, more excessively excavates for a long time because of among the people, causes wild resource endangered.In the international market, dendrobium candidum is processed to the Chinese medicine of a kind of crying " admirable in all its details ", and about 3000 dollars of every kilogram of prices are the most expensive in the world grass.Wild dendrobium candidum generally is grown between the height above sea level 100-3000 rice height, often grows nonparasitically upon another plant in setting upward or on the rock, liking warm.Moistening and half cloudy environment, cold-resistant.18~30 ℃ of growth thermophilics, vegetative period is more suitable with 16~21 ℃, and 16~18 ℃ of resting stages, evening temperature is 10~13 ℃, and the temperature difference remains on 10~15 ℃ of the bests.Day temperature is little to stem of noble dendrobium growth effect above 30 ℃, and winter temperature is not less than 10 ℃.Seedling is being endured cold below 10 ℃ easily.Low, the poor growth of natural propagation ability of wild iron sheet has forbidden plucking at present.
Though first of the property function official hats and canopies stem of noble dendrobium of dendrobium candidum, the dendrobium candidum of circulation basically all is artificial cultivar in the market.Because the severity of dendrobium candidum growing environment, the artificial cultivation dendrobium candidum must be captured the technical barrier of stable variety, prevents the degeneration of iron sheet kind.Therefore present tame dendrobium candidum generally is divided into two kinds, and a kind of is the place of production, source at iron sheet, just traditional Chinese medicine " tunnel " place of production of being particular about; Like Zhejiang, Yunnan and other places; Rely on natural control environment, plant with the form kind of booth, its output, quality all are subject to the local environment restriction.Another kind then is through imitative wild simulated mode; Utilize a series of facilities and equipment to simulate environmental conditions such as the matrix of optimum dendrobium candidum growth, temperature, illumination, air quality, humidity; Form specialty unique " microclimate "; Through modern agriculture management means control damage by disease and insect, guarantee the kind of dendrobium candidum and stablizing of quality again.
Summary of the invention
To the problems referred to above that exist in the prior art; The objective of the invention is to design the technical scheme of the original ecology cultivating method that a kind of dendrobium candidum is provided; With the forest environment of self-sow as carrier; Select high-quality and efficient cultivation matrix, utilize the effect of suitably shading of branches and leaves in the forest environment, be formed with a kind of kind of method for planting that is beneficial to the dendrobium candidum growing environment.The cultivation matrix of choosing has ventilating air permeability again according to the existing good moisture capacity of dendrobium candidum biological nature, during large-scale production raw material be easy to get, easy to operate.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that adopting following method to cultivate:
Select to utilize the effect of shading of its branches and leaves under the forest environment of self-sow, degree of shading is 70%~80% naturally, and illumination is diffused light or scattered light; Intensity of illumination is taken out the flush away medium at 3000~5000lux with seedling or the nursery stock of refining seedling more than 1 year that field planting is used; Press 1 clump of 3-5 strain, clump is placed on the root of the stem of noble dendrobium on the cultivation matrix apart from 8-12 * 18-22cm; Cover root after lose root with matrix then, adopt automatic or manual mode to water sufficient water, guarantee that officinal dendrobium stem plantation place air humidity is at 80-95%; Temperature is planted the water of spraying 1-2 time back every day, till irrigating at 19-33 ℃ at every turn;
Described cultivation matrix is made up of the following material of weight content: 25-35% bark or wood dust mince, 35-45% rubble, 28-37% fertilizer, and described fertilizer is humic acid organic fertilizer or animal wastes.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that the content that bark or wood dust mince is 26-32%, preferred 28-30%; The content of rubble is 36-42%, preferred 38-40%; The content of fertilizer is 30-35%, preferred 32-34%.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that described bark or wood dust mince and is the 2-3cm pulverized particles that described bark is a pine bark.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that nature degree of shading is 75%~78%.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that intensity of illumination is 3500~4500lux, is preferably 3700~4000lux.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum, it is characterized in that nursery stock that field planting uses by clump apart from 9-11 * 19-20cm cultivation.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that the cultivation place air humidity is 82-92%, preferred 85-90%.
The original ecology cultivating method of described a kind of dendrobium candidum is characterized in that the cultivation place temperature is 20-30 ℃, preferred 23-26 ℃.
The original ecology cultivating method of above-mentioned a kind of dendrobium candidum as carrier, is selected high-quality and efficient cultivation matrix with the forest environment of self-sow, utilizes the effect of suitably shading of branches and leaves in the forest environment, is formed with the growing environment that is beneficial to dendrobium candidum, and it is easy to operate.The cultivation matrix of choosing has good moisture capacity and ventilating air permeability; Help the fixing of plant; The survival rate of dendrobium candidum in the time of significantly improving in the woods cultivation, its survival rate be up to more than 95%, significantly the output of dendrobium candidum; The raw material of its cultivation matrix is easy to get during large-scale production, has reduced the cultivation cost.
The percentage composition that relates in the present specification unless otherwise indicated, other the weight percentage that is pure material.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment the present invention is further described.
Embodiment 1:
The original ecology cultivating method of this dendrobium candidum, adopt following method to cultivate: select to utilize the effect of shading of its branches and leaves under the forest environment of self-sow, degree of shading is 75% naturally; Illumination is diffused light or scattered light, and intensity of illumination is taken out the flush away medium at 4000lux with seedling or the nursery stock of refining seedling more than 1 year that field planting is used; By 1 clump of 4 strain, clump is apart from 10 * 20cm, and the root of the stem of noble dendrobium is placed on the cultivation matrix, covers root with matrix then; After loseing root, adopt automatic or manual mode to water sufficient water, guarantee that officinal dendrobium stem plantation place air humidity is 90%; Temperature is planted the water of spraying 2 times back every day, till irrigating at 25 ℃ at every turn; Described cultivation matrix by 30% bark or wood dust mince, 40% rubble, 30% fertilizer form, described fertilizer is humic acid organic fertilizer or animal wastes.
In the foregoing description 1: degree of shading is 70% or 80% naturally; Intensity of illumination is at 3000 lux, 3500 lux, 4500 lux or 5000lux; The field planting clump is apart from 8 * 18cm or 12 * 22cm; Officinal dendrobium stem plantation place air humidity is 80%, 82%, 88% or 95%, and temperature is at 19 ℃, 23 ℃, 25 ℃, 30 ℃ or 33 ℃; Described cultivation matrix by 25% bark or wood dust mince, 42% rubble, 33% fertilizer form, described fertilizer is a humic acid organic fertilizer; Or described cultivation matrix by 28% bark or wood dust mince, 36% rubble, 36% fertilizer form, described fertilizer is animal wastes; Or described cultivation matrix by 35% bark or wood dust mince, 37% rubble, 28% fertilizer form, described fertilizer is humic acid organic fertilizer and animal wastes; Other also can obtain beneficial effect of the present invention with embodiment 1.
Further specify beneficial effect of the present invention below in conjunction with concrete comparative trial.
Test 1: adopt the forest environment described in the embodiment 1; Respectively the officinal dendrobium stem plantation survival rate that adopts forest soil cultivation, substrate culture cultivation is carried out determination test; Described cultivation matrix by 30% bark or wood dust mince, 40% rubble, 30% fertilizer form, described fertilizer is humic acid organic fertilizer and animal wastes; The result sees table 1.
Table 1 is cultivated dendrobium candidum survival rate (%) in different substrates
Result of the test shows: dendrobium candidum directly can't be survived in forest soil in the forest; There is significant difference in the cultivation survival rate with direct soil cultivation in cultivation matrix of the present invention; According to 1-3 annual earnings medicinal material survival rate, the survival rate of cultivation dendrobium candidum is apparently higher than direct soil cultivation in the matrix.
Test 2: the test of different planting dendrobium candidum relation of yield, following two kinds of planting types are established in test respectively, and 667m is calculated in test respectively 2Output (kg), detailed results is seen table 2.
1) facility cultivation pattern: simulate environmental conditions such as the matrix of optimum dendrobium candidum growth, temperature, illumination, air quality, humidity through utilizing a series of facilities and equipment, officinal dendrobium stem plantation is planted growth in the booth of imitative wild simulation.
2) sylvan life ecosystem substrate culture pattern (being embodiment 1)
The per mu yield of dendrobium candidum (kilogram) under table 2 different planting
Planting type Per mu yield (kg)
The facility cultivation pattern 65
Sylvan life ecosystem substrate culture pattern (embodiment 1) 160
Result of the test shows: there is significant difference in dendrobium candidum gained per mu yield under different planting; According to medicinal material per mu yield under two kinds of planting types, the per mu yield of sylvan life original ecology cultivating pattern dendrobium candidum (embodiment 1) is apparently higher than the facility cultivation pattern.
The original ecology cultivating method of this dendrobium candidum; Degree of shading under the forest environment of self-sow, intensity of illumination, cultivation spacing, humidity, temperature, spraying number of times are all limited; And the constituent content of cultivation matrix also limited; Make have in the cultivation process can foundation supplemental characteristic, scientific management, cultivation, the survival rate of dendrobium candidum and the output of dendrobium candidum when significantly improving cultivation in the woods.

Claims (8)

1. the original ecology cultivating method of a dendrobium candidum is characterized in that adopting following method to cultivate:
Select to utilize the effect of shading of its branches and leaves under the forest environment of self-sow, degree of shading is 70%~80% naturally, and illumination is diffused light or scattered light; Intensity of illumination is taken out the flush away medium at 3000~5000lux with seedling or the nursery stock of refining seedling more than 1 year that field planting is used; Press 1 clump of 3-5 strain, clump is placed on the root of the stem of noble dendrobium on the cultivation matrix apart from 8-12 * 18-22cm; Cover root after lose root with matrix then, adopt automatic or manual mode to water sufficient water, guarantee that officinal dendrobium stem plantation place air humidity is at 80-95%; Temperature is planted the water of spraying 1-2 time back every day, till irrigating at 19-33 ℃ at every turn;
Described cultivation matrix is made up of the following material of weight content: 25-35% bark or wood dust mince, 35-45% rubble, 28-37% fertilizer, and described fertilizer is humic acid organic fertilizer or animal wastes.
2. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the content that bark or wood dust mince is 26-32%, preferred 28-30%; The content of rubble is 36-42%, preferred 38-40%; The content of fertilizer is 30-35%, preferred 32-34%.
3. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described bark or wood dust mince and is the 2-3cm pulverized particles that described bark is a pine bark.
4. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that nature degree of shading is 75%~78%.
5. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that intensity of illumination is 3500~4500lux, is preferably 3700~4000lux.
6. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that nursery stock that field planting uses by clump apart from 9-11 * 19-20cm cultivation.
7. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the cultivation place air humidity is 82-92%, preferred 85-90%.
8. the original ecology cultivating method of a kind of dendrobium candidum as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the cultivation place temperature is 20-30 ℃, preferred 23-26 ℃.
CN201210113342.5A 2012-04-18 2012-04-18 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum Active CN102613056B (en)

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Cited By (22)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102823478A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-12-19 仁化县鑫宇生态开发有限公司 Dendrobium officinale seedling hardening method
CN103004445A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 戴亚峰 Method for directly seedling dendrobe seedlings by using plastic greenhouse
CN103109661A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-22 安徽霍山县药王谷林农科技有限公司 Method of imitating wild cultivation in dendrobe forest
CN103270860A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-09-04 深圳市华盛实业股份有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN103314847A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 杭州创高农业开发有限公司 Medicinal dendrobum herb tissue culture plantation method
CN103340068A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Undergrowth cultivation medium and cultivation method for anoectochilus formosanus
CN104145795A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-11-19 湖南省农业信息与工程研究所 Dendrobe cultivation method for improving facility utilization rate
CN104604660A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-13 贵州绿春缘有机农业产业管理有限公司 Imitating wild condition planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN104823820A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-08-12 浙江农林大学 Cliff cultivation technique of dendrobium nobile
CN105028159A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-11 宣威市农硕农特产品开发有限公司 Imitation wild planting substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparing method
CN105145304A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-16 泰宁县八仙崖生态农业开发有限公司 Wild planting imitation method of dendrobii officmalis caulis
CN105284398A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Planting method for dendrobium officinale
CN105409744A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-23 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Planting method for dendrobium officinale
CN105519378A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-27 中国科学院武汉植物园 Alpine plant culture media for greenhouse
CN105557486A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 福建连天福生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of light media for dendrobium officinale
CN105594567A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-05-25 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
CN106359045A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Groove type cultivation method of dendrobium officinale
CN106386427A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface
CN107114115A (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-09-01 剑河县返乡青年中药材种植有限公司 A kind of pine forest plantation dendrobium candidum and the method for ganoderma lucidum
CN107197756A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-09-26 霍山五桂峡石斛有限公司 A kind of growing dendrobium material
CN107409979A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-12-01 江西九草铁皮石斛科技协同创新有限公司 A kind of method of sylvan life pseudo-wild cultivating dendrobium candidum
CN110178662A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-30 贺州市安业种养专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of eggplant

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CN102823478B (en) * 2012-08-22 2014-07-02 仁化县鑫宇生态开发有限公司 Dendrobium officinale seedling hardening method
CN102823478A (en) * 2012-08-22 2012-12-19 仁化县鑫宇生态开发有限公司 Dendrobium officinale seedling hardening method
CN103004445A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-03 戴亚峰 Method for directly seedling dendrobe seedlings by using plastic greenhouse
CN103109661A (en) * 2013-01-31 2013-05-22 安徽霍山县药王谷林农科技有限公司 Method of imitating wild cultivation in dendrobe forest
CN103270860A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-09-04 深圳市华盛实业股份有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale
CN103270860B (en) * 2013-03-18 2015-09-16 深圳市双晖农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of dendrobium candidum
CN103314847A (en) * 2013-05-20 2013-09-25 杭州创高农业开发有限公司 Medicinal dendrobum herb tissue culture plantation method
CN103340068A (en) * 2013-06-06 2013-10-09 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Undergrowth cultivation medium and cultivation method for anoectochilus formosanus
CN103340068B (en) * 2013-06-06 2015-05-13 福建省农业科学院农业生物资源研究所 Undergrowth cultivation medium and cultivation method for anoectochilus formosanus
CN104145795A (en) * 2014-08-15 2014-11-19 湖南省农业信息与工程研究所 Dendrobe cultivation method for improving facility utilization rate
CN104145795B (en) * 2014-08-15 2016-08-24 湖南省农业信息与工程研究所 A kind of dendrobe cultivation method improving facility utilization rate
CN104823820A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-08-12 浙江农林大学 Cliff cultivation technique of dendrobium nobile
CN104604660A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-13 贵州绿春缘有机农业产业管理有限公司 Imitating wild condition planting method of dendrobium officinale
CN105028159A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-11 宣威市农硕农特产品开发有限公司 Imitation wild planting substrate for dendrobium officinale and preparing method
CN105145304A (en) * 2015-09-15 2015-12-16 泰宁县八仙崖生态农业开发有限公司 Wild planting imitation method of dendrobii officmalis caulis
CN105409744A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-03-23 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Planting method for dendrobium officinale
CN105594567A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-05-25 广西南岜仔科技有限公司 Planting method for Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo
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CN105557486A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-11 福建连天福生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of light media for dendrobium officinale
CN105519378A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-27 中国科学院武汉植物园 Alpine plant culture media for greenhouse
CN105519378B (en) * 2016-02-04 2018-12-25 中国科学院武汉植物园 Greenhouse acrophyta cultivation matrix
CN107114115A (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-09-01 剑河县返乡青年中药材种植有限公司 A kind of pine forest plantation dendrobium candidum and the method for ganoderma lucidum
CN107197756A (en) * 2016-04-15 2017-09-26 霍山五桂峡石斛有限公司 A kind of growing dendrobium material
CN106359045A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-01 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Groove type cultivation method of dendrobium officinale
CN106386427A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-02-15 柳州市泓吉农业科技有限公司 Method for cultivating dendrobium officinale on water surface
CN107409979A (en) * 2017-04-27 2017-12-01 江西九草铁皮石斛科技协同创新有限公司 A kind of method of sylvan life pseudo-wild cultivating dendrobium candidum
CN110178662A (en) * 2019-06-25 2019-08-30 贺州市安业种养专业合作社 A kind of cultural method of eggplant

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