CN103251251B - Hair basket device - Google Patents

Hair basket device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103251251B
CN103251251B CN201310202488.1A CN201310202488A CN103251251B CN 103251251 B CN103251251 B CN 103251251B CN 201310202488 A CN201310202488 A CN 201310202488A CN 103251251 B CN103251251 B CN 103251251B
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basket
gear
dispensing
frame
drug
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CN201310202488.1A
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CN103251251A (en
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陈志强
徐金玲
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江苏迅捷装具科技有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种发篮装置,该发篮装置具有上下开口的边框,所述边框的侧面设置有同步齿轮,该同步齿轮具有按规律排列的若干个发蓝齿,所述发蓝齿的外边缘比边框更向内突出,且同步齿轮可向边框内侧转动。 The present invention discloses an apparatus for hair basket, the basket means having a frame made of upper and lower openings, the side surface is provided with a frame synchronous gears, the synchronization gear having a plurality of teeth blue arranged according to the law, the blue tooth projecting inwardly more than an outer edge of the border, and the synchronization gear is rotatably inward border. 采用本发明技术方案的发篮装置,实现自动、快速扣发篮筐,具有快速、高效的特点。 Basket made using the apparatus aspect of the present invention, automatic, rapid withholding basket, fast, and efficient. 优选的技术方案是所述边框上的设有小窗口,所述发蓝齿是穿过该小窗口使其外边缘比边框更向内突出。 Preferred technical solution is provided with a small window on the bezel, the blue tooth through the small window is that it is more inwardly protruded than an outer edge of the border.

Description

发篮装置 Hair basket device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明属于物流技术领域,尤其是涉及一种医院根据处方快速配发药品,实现快速发药流程分拣的智能化发药控制系统以及应用于该智能化发药控制系统上的发篮装置。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of logistics, in particular to a hospital prescription drugs rapid dispensing, hair achieve fast sorting intelligent dispensing process dispensing the intelligent control system and applied to the dispensing control system Basket devices.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]随着我国社会经济的不断发展,医药工业也迅速的发展起来,药品的种类在不断的增多,并且人民群众的自我保护意识再也不断的提高,对于医疗卫生服务的要求也在不断的增加,这就使得药品的调配与发放的过程中不规范操作以及差错等一系列原因引起的医患问题频度增大。 [0002] With the continuous development of China's economy, the pharmaceutical industry has developed rapidly, the type of drugs continues to increase, and self-protection awareness of the people can no longer continue to improve, demand for health services are constantly Doctors and Patients problem increases, making deployment and distribution of medication in a process causing irregular operation and cause errors and a series of frequency increases. 这些不规范的调配与发药过程会直接影响到取药者的信任以及依从性,会使得医师的诊疗措施前功尽弃,会严重影响患者用药的安全性与有效性,因此,规范操作,提高医学专业技术水平就显得尤为重要。 These non-standard blending and dispensing process will directly affect the trust and compliance medicine who will make the physician's diagnosis and treatment measures come to naught, will seriously affect the safety and effectiveness of patient medication, therefore, standardize operations, improve the medical profession the technical level is particularly important.

[0003]在《中外医疗》2011年第16卷,刘加元发表的文章《医院门诊中药房发药差错原因及处理措施研究》就指出人工调配发药存在的诸多弊端,且自动化程度和效率都不高。 [0003] In the "foreign medical" 2011, Volume 16, Liu Canadian dollar published the article "hospital outpatient pharmacy dispensing error causes and treatment measures research" pointed out the many drawbacks of manual provisioning and medicine, and the automation and efficiency not high.

[0004] 在中国专利文献CN102292063A中,公开了一种用于发放药物的方法,但是,该专利文献中的发放药物的方法只是针对单个患者的,对于医院药房每天需要发放成百上千个处方,还是存在明显的不足。 [0004] In the Chinese patent document CN102292063A discloses a method for dispensing a drug, but the patent literature method of dispensing a drug only for individual patients, for hospital pharmacies require a prescription issued hundreds every day , there is still obvious deficiencies.

[0005] 在中国专利文献CNl 01872175B中,公开了一种智能配发药方法,该智能配发药方法具体采用的技术方案是,利用自动化控制系统录入配药单的信息,并利用自动化控制系统记录和检索配药单上的药品在储药装置上的储放信息,所述储药装置设置有连接所述自动化控制系统的储位指示灯,通过所述自动化控制系统控制所述储位指示灯指示检索到的已配好处方药品在所述储药装置上的储放信息,配发药工作流程为:后台配药药师扫描配药单处方条码和药师工号条码后,所述自动化控制系统记录哪位药师配的哪位患者的药品,并分配储位后指示灯亮启,配药药师放入已配好处方药品的篮子;当前台发药药师通过医院信息系统的发药界面检索出患者后,所述自动化控制系统立即控制放置此患者的配药篮子的储位的指示灯亮启,发药药师即可立即找到此患者的 [0005] In China Patent Document CNl 01872175B discloses an intelligent method for dispensing medicine, technical solutions, the smart drug dispenser uses a particular method, using an automated information dispensing single entry control system, using an automated control system for the recording and and retrieving the pharmaceutical dispensing single store information on the reservoir means, said reservoir means is provided with a drug reservoir connected to the automated control system indicator bit, indicated by the automatic control system controls the reservoir indicator bits has been retrieved with a good store information of a prescription drug in the drug storage means, dispensing medicine workflow: background after dispensing pharmacist dispensing a single prescription scan bar codes and bar code job number pharmacist, who recorded the automated control system Which patients with drug the pharmacist, and the storage spaces allocation start indicator light, with a good dispensing pharmacist prescription drug has been placed in the basket; current station dispensing pharmacist dispensing retrieved by the patient interface after the hospital information system, the immediately place the automated control systems control indicator storage spaces pharmaceuticals in this patient basket bright start, dispensing pharmacists can now find this patient 药品。 drug.

[0006]上述技术方案解决的是针对患者有的来的早,有的来得晚,配好的处方药品往往堆积在取药窗口,造成药师寻找不方便,工作台比较混乱,也造成患者排队等候时间较长的技术问题,该方法配发的药品都是已经人工配好的处方药,其存在的缺陷在于,对于配药发药过程的时间还是比较长,无法实现快速发药分拣药品。 [0006] The above-mentioned technical solutions for patients is to some early, some come late, with a good prescription drugs often accumulate in the dispensary window, causing pharmacists looking for convenient, table chaotic, also caused patients to wait in line a long time technical problems, the method of dispensing drugs are already equipped with a good artificial prescription drugs, the existence of a defect that dispensing process for dispensing time is quite long, can not achieve rapid sorting of drugs and medicine.

[0007]因此,有必要研究出一种快速分拣药物并发放的方法及实现该方法的智能化控制系统,以提高医院的服务质量,提高取药窗口发放处方药的速度。 [0007] Therefore, it is necessary to work out a quick method for sorting and release of the drug and intelligent control system of the process to improve the quality of hospital service, to improve the speed of issuing dispensary window prescription drugs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008]本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种工作效率高、系统化的、能够准确快速配发药品的地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统。 [0008] The present invention is to solve the technical problem to provide a high efficiency, systematic, it can be quickly and accurately dispensing medicine dispensing ground sorting formula intelligent control system.

[0009]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是,该地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统包括由控制终端控制的发药机,还设有承接发药机发出的药品的第一输送装置,药品随后进入第二输送装置;在第二输送装置末端的上方设有可发放装载药品篮筐的发篮装置,该发篮装置发放的篮筐比药品先达到提升机;该提升机可将装载有药品的篮筐提升至上端,并通过设置在提升机上端的篮筐推送装置将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至发药台,或将未完成处方药品篮筐推送至分拣台上继续发药完成处方。 [0009] To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the technical solution that the ground sorting formula intelligent dispensing system comprises a dispensing control unit controlled by the control terminal is further provided with a first receiving drug dispensing machine issued a delivery device, the drug delivery device and then into the second; means above the second end of the conveying means is provided with hair basket loading basket dispensable pharmaceutical, the basket means issues basket made than before the drug reaches hoist; the lift the machine can be loaded with the drug up to the upper end of the basket, and by providing the upper end of the lifting machine push the basket will be provided with means to complete the basket is pushed to the prescription drug dispensing station, or unfinished basket is pushed to the prescription drug points pick the stage to continue dispensing prescription is completed.

[0010]本发明的上述技术方案中,采用发药机进行发药,并设置第二输送装置,且在第二输送装置末端的上方设有可发放装载药品篮筐的发篮装置,该发篮装置发放的篮筐比药品先达到提升机,由于在第二输送装置末端的上方设有可发放装载药品篮筐的发篮装置,在药品到达第二输送装置上时,智能化发药控制系统的控制终端向发篮装置发出发篮指令,篮筐即可掉在第二输送装置上的末端,此时,还在第二输送装置上的药品和篮筐都是朝向提升机方向运送的,又该发篮装置发放的篮筐比药品先达到提升机,当篮筐到达提升机时,即可在提升机上等待承接第二输送装置上的药品,其产生的有益效果是,实现了在地面对处方药品进行分拣,加快了药品发放时间,不需要在第一输送装置处安装提升机,也不需要将空篮筐往上提升承装药品。 [0010] The technical solution of the present invention, the dispensing machine made use of the drug, and a second conveying means, second conveying means and above the end of the basket is provided with means made dispensable medicines loaded basket, which issued basket means issues reached first basket lift than drugs, since the apparatus when the loaded basket made dispensable pharmaceutical basket, in the drug reaching the second transport means, intelligent control over the dispensing end of the second conveying means terminal sends a control system delivers a command basket apparatus hair basket, the basket can fall on the second transport terminal means, in which case, the drug and also on the second conveyor basket are conveyed toward the elevator direction , what should send payment basket basket device than before the drug reached the elevator, when the elevator reaches the basket, you can wait to undertake the drugs on the second conveyor on the elevator, which produces beneficial effect is achieved in face sorting prescription drugs, drugs to speed up the release time, no need to install the device in the elevator at the first delivery, does not need to raise up empty basket Holds drugs.

[0011]此外,在本发明技术方案中,提升机可将装载有药品的篮筐提升至上端,并通过设置在提升机上端的篮筐推送装置将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至发药台,或将非完成处方药品篮筐推送至分拣台上继续发药完成处方,由于在提升机上端设置有篮筐推送装置,其产生的有益效果是,可将完成处方药品和非完成处方药品分开,分别将完成处方药品和未完成处方送至发药台和分拣台上,实现了处方药品的自动区分,加快了药品的配发。 [0011] Further, in the aspect of the present invention, the lifting machine can be loaded with the drug up to the upper end of the basket, and by providing the upper end of the lifting machine push the basket will be provided with means to complete the basket is pushed to the prescription drug dispensing station, or non-prescription drug complete sorting stage basket is pushed to continue dispensing prescription is completed, since there are provided at the upper end of the hoist basket push device, which produces beneficial effects that may be completed to complete the non-prescription and prescription drugs drug separate, respectively, to complete the unfinished prescription drugs and prescription drugs sent to the station and sorting table, to achieve the automatic distinction between prescription drugs, drugs to speed up the allotment.

[0012]进一步的改进在于,该发药台和/或分拣台下面设置有放置完成处方药品篮筐的存储架,考虑到发药台或分拣台分拣完成的处方药品,某些患者或家属并不能及时拿取,而任由该处方药品放置在台面上会影响后面的处方药品配发速度,因此,有必要在发药台或分拣台下面设置有放置完成处方药品篮筐的存储架。 [0012] A further improvement is that the dispensing station / or sorting station arranged below the basket placement is complete prescription drug storage rack, taking into account the prescription drug dispensing station or sorter sorting complete, and some patients or their families can not immediately pick up, and let the prescription drugs placed on the bench prescription drug will affect the speed of the back of the dispenser, therefore, necessary to provide the dispensing station or sorting station disposed below the basket to complete prescription drugs storage racks.

[0013]本发明要解决的另一个技术问题是,提供一种快速、高效的发篮装置。 [0013] Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a fast, efficient means made basket.

[0014]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是,该发篮装置具有上下开口的边框,所述边框的侧面设置有同步齿轮,该同步齿轮具有按规律排列的若干个发篮齿,所述发篮齿的外边缘比边框更向内突出,且同步齿轮可向边框内侧转动。 [0014] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution of the present invention is employed, the apparatus having a frame made up and down the basket opening, said side frame is provided with a synchronized gear by the synchronizing gear having a plurality of randomly disposed teeth hair basket the basket made more teeth protruding inward than the outer edge of the border, and the synchronization gear is rotatably inward border.

[0015]本发明的上述技术方案中,边框是上下开口的,围成一圈,所围成的内部空间大小与所要发放的篮筐的大小应该是一致的,篮筐放置在该边框围成的内部空间中,在边框的侧面设置有同步齿轮,该同步齿轮具有按规律排列的若干个发篮齿,由于发篮齿的外边缘比边框更向内突出,在不需要发篮框时,发篮齿的作用是承接篮筐的,不让篮筐往下掉,而当控制终端向发篮装置发出指令要发放篮筐时,同步齿轮可向边框内侧转动,同时,同步齿轮上的按规律排列的若干个发篮齿会将篮筐往下扣,实现自动、快速扣发篮筐。 [0015] The technical solution of the present invention, the frame is opened up and down, a circle, surrounded by the inner space and the size of the basket to be issued should be consistent, the basket is placed in the enclosed frame the inner space provided at the side frame synchronous gears, the synchronization gear having a plurality of randomly disposed by hair basket teeth, since the outer edge of the basket made more inwardly projecting teeth than the border, when the basket is not required hair, teeth is acting hair receiving basket basket, the basket not to fall down, when the terminal issues a command to the control means to send payment basket basket, synchronous gears rotatably inward border, while, according to the synchronous gears regular arrangement of a plurality of teeth made baskets down the basket will buckle, automatic, rapid withholding basket.

[0016]进一步的改进在于,所述同步齿轮与传动轴相连接,所述传动轴通过齿轮与动力装置联接,从而给同步齿轮提供向边框内侧转动的动力。 [0016] A further improvement wherein said drive shaft is connected with the synchronizing gear, said drive shaft coupled through a gear with the power unit to power the rotation of the frame to the synchronization gears inward.

[0017]同步齿轮与传动轴相连接,可以是直接固装连接在传动轴上,也可以是通过其他部件相连接,传动轴通过齿轮与动力装置联接,实现联动连接,从而给同步齿轮提供向边框内侧转动的动力,其产生的有益效果有益效果是,实现了同步齿轮与动力装置的同步动作,响应快速,不会出现反应滞后的现象。 [0017] synchronized with the gear shaft is connected, it can be directly connected to the drive shaft fixedly mounted, may be connected by other means, the drive shaft is coupled through a gear with the power unit, to achieve linkage are connected, thereby providing a synchronous gears rotating the inner border power advantageous effects generated which is synchronized to achieve synchronous operation of the gear with the power unit, fast response, response hysteresis phenomenon does not occur.

[0018]进一步的改进在于,所述传动轴与齿轮通过同步带连接,齿轮直接与动力装置连接,采用这样的结构设置,其产生的有益效果是,传动效果更好,更快速、高效。 [0018] A further improvement wherein said gear shaft is connected via a timing belt, a gear directly connected to the power unit, this structure is provided, which produces the beneficial effect that the transmission better, faster and more efficient.

[0019]进一步的改进在于,所述边框的上边缘具有水平向外延伸的围边,由于发篮装置是向下扣发篮筐,使其掉在第二输送装置上的,在边框的上边缘设置具有水平向外延伸的围边,其产生的有益效果有益效果是,方便工作人员安装发篮装置,使其在边框内放置空篮筐更加方便,由于安装位置是在上边缘,预留了向下扣发篮筐的空间,也便于工作人员时刻观察篮筐发放的状态。 [0019] A further improvement wherein said frame around a horizontal upper edge having an outwardly extending edge, since hair basket means is withheld basket down, it fell on the second transport means, the upper edge of the frame having a horizontally disposed surrounding outwardly extending edge, which advantageous effects produced is made to facilitate mounting staff basket means, so that an empty basket is placed in the frame more easily, since the mounting position is on the edge, reserved withholding space down the basket, also facilitate observation state time staff basket issued.

[0020]进一步的改进在于,所述边框上的小窗口,所述发篮齿是穿过该小窗口使其外边缘比边框更向内凸出。 [0020] A further improvement is that small window on the rim, the teeth are made through the basket so that the outer edge of the small window is more than the inwardly projecting border.

[0021]在边框上设置有小窗口,其产生的有益效果是,使得同步齿轮上的发篮齿可以穿过小窗口,使其外边缘比边框更向内凸出,透过小窗口向内凸出,而又不是凸出太多,使得发篮齿的外边缘能够在不发放篮筐时,可以承接防止篮筐往下掉,需要发放篮筐时,由于是穿过小窗口而向边框内凸出的,凸出的部分并不是很大,因此,其受篮筐的压迫力不是很大,只需轻微向内转动即可向下扣发空的篮筐,实现比药品更先到达提升机处。 [0021] provided with a small window on the frame, which produces a beneficial effect is made such that the teeth on the synchronization gear basket can pass through the small window, so that the outer edge of the frame than the more inwardly projecting, inwardly through the small window bulge, but not protrude too much, so that the outer edge of the teeth can be made basket when not to grant the basket, the basket can undertake to prevent the fall down, if necessary release the basket, because it is through the small window and the frame the convex protruding portion is not great, therefore, the pressing force by which the basket is not large, just slightly inward to withhold the downward rotation of the basket empty, achieved more than before the drug reaches the lift Office machine.

[0022]进一步的改进在于,所述传动轴上固装有同步轮,该同步轮通过同步带与齿轮连接,采用这样的结构设置,其产生的有益效果是,传动效果更好,更快速、高效。 [0022] A further improvement wherein the synchronous wheel fixedly arranged on the shaft, the synchronizing gear wheel connected with the timing belt, this structure is provided, which produces the beneficial effect that the transmission better, faster, efficient.

[0023]还可以的,动力装置采用电机,该电机受控于智能化发药控制系统的控制终端;还可以设置一个基座,该基座与边框的下边缘齐平,这样,传动轴支架,齿轮支架,电机支架都可以安装在该基座上,使得发篮装置各个部件形成一个整体;边框的两个相对平行的侧面都设置有同步齿轮,每个侧面都设置有两个同步齿轮,这两个同步齿轮安装在传动轴上。 [0023] Also possible, the power plant using a motor controlled by a control terminal controlling intelligent dispensing system; a base may also be provided, with the lower edge of the base frame flush so, the drive shaft holder , gear holder, the motor bracket can be mounted on the base, so that the various components of the basket made integrally formed; two opposite parallel sides of the frame are provided synchronous gears, each side provided with two synchronizing gears, both synchronous gears mounted on the drive shaft.

[0024]本发明要解决的另一个技术问题是,提供一种快速提升,实现完成药品与未完成药品分开推送的提升机。 [0024] Another technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a rapid increase, and the drug to achieve complete unfinished separate hoist push drugs.

[0025]为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案是,该提升机包括提升平台,所述提升平台可沿着提升滑轨上下滑动,该提升机上端还设置有篮筐推送装置,所述篮筐推送装置可将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至发药台,将装有未完成处方药品篮筐推送至分拣台上继续分拣发药完成处方。 [0025] To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the technical solution that the hoist comprises a lifting platform, the lifting platform can slide up and down along the lift rail, the upper end of the hoist basket is also provided with a push means, the pushing said basket means can be completed with a prescription drug to the dispensing station pushing the basket, the basket containing unfinished prescription drugs continues to push the sorting table sorting complete dispensing prescription.

[0026]提升机设有提升平台,当提升平台接收到承载有处方药品的篮筐时,智能化发药控制系统的控制终端就会向提升机发出提升指令,将提升平台上的篮筐沿着提升滑轨向上提升至该提升机上端;又在提升机上端还设置有篮筐推送装置,其产生的有益效果是,可快速的将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至发药台,亦或者将装有未完成处方药品篮筐推送至分拣台上继续分拣发药完成处方。 [0026] The hoist is provided with the lifting platform, when the lifting receives prescription drug carrying basket platform, intelligent dispensing control terminal of the control system will issue an instruction to the lifting hoist, lifting the basket on the platform edge lifting the rails lifted up to the upper end of the elevator; and the upper end is provided with a hoist basket further push device, which produces the beneficial effect that can be quickly completed with the basket is pushed to the prescription drug dispensing station, also or it will be equipped with unfinished prescription drugs continue basket pushed to the sorting table sorting and medicine prescription complete.

[0027]进一步的改进在于,该篮筐推送装置具有可将篮筐往左右分拣台推送的左右推杆,所述左右推杆设置在左右推杆滑轨上,该篮筐推送装置还设置有可将篮筐往前发药台推送的前推杆,所述前推杆设置在前推杆滑轨上。 [0027] A further improvement is that the basket has left and right pusher ram to the basket can be pushed around the sorting table, the left and right on the pusher slide disposed around the push rod, the push device is further provided basket there may be basket push forward dispensing station before the push rod, the push rod of the front pusher is provided on the front rail.

[0028]篮筐推送装置具有可将篮筐往左右分拣台推送的左右推杆,其产生的有益效果是,可在篮筐推送装置的左右两侧都设置分拣台,将未完成处方药品往左右两侧的分拣台推送,增加了智能化发药控制系统对于未完成处方药品的容纳量,同时也加快了后续发药流程,实现了快速配发药品,将未完成处方与完成处方分开,并将未完成处方输送至分拣台进行进一步的药品配发,使得含有异型装药品也能快速配发;左右推杆设置在左右推杆滑轨上,使得左右推杆可沿一定的轨迹运动,可控性强;该篮筐推送装置还设置有可将篮筐往前发药台推送的前推杆,前推杆设置在前推杆滑轨上,也是为了使得前推杆沿着前推杆滑轨运行,具有固定的轨迹,可控性强。 [0028] the basket having a pushing device about the push rod basket around to push the sorting station, which produces the beneficial effect that the right and left sides of the basket can push device are set sorting station, unfinished Prescription drugs to push the left and right sides of the sorting units, an increase of intelligent control system for the dispensing capacity of unfinished prescription drugs, but also accelerates the subsequent dispensing procedure, to achieve a rapid dispensing of drugs, prescription and complete unfinished separate prescription, the prescription is not completed and delivered to the sorting table for further dispensing of drugs, the drug-containing shaped such that they can quickly dispensing means; ram disposed on the left rail about the push rod, the push rod may be such that the left and right along a given the trajectory, strong controllability; means pushing the basket may be provided with a further dispensing station pushing forward rim of front pusher, the pusher slide disposed before the front pusher, but also to the front such that the push rod before running rail along the push rod, having a fixed track, strong controllability.

[0029]进一步的改进在于,所述提升平台上具有防止篮筐侧滑的止滑块。 [0029] A further improvement in that the lifting slide has a stop rim preventing sliding of the platform.

[0030]进一步的改进在于,所述止滑块上端的内侧面比外侧面更低,形成一个导向倾斜面,采用这样的结构设置,其产生的有益效果是,当篮筐从第二输送装置向提升机输送时,该导向倾斜面能够更顺畅的使得篮筐落在提升平台上。 [0030] A further improvement wherein said inner side surface of the slide stop is lower than the upper end of an outer side surface, forming a guide inclined surfaces, this structure is provided, which produces the beneficial effect that, when the basket from the second transport means to the lifting conveyor, the guide inclined surface so that the basket can be more smoothly falls on the lifting platform.

[0031]将篮筐提升,以及实现左右推送和前推送的动力来源都是采用电机,分别是提升电机、左右推送电机和前推电机。 [0031] The basket lift and push and achieve about the power source before using the machine are pushed, respectively, lift motor, the motor and the front left and right push pushing motor.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0032]下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明进行进一步的详细说明: [0032] The present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments:

[0033]图1a是本发明的地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统的结构示意图; [0033] Figure 1a is a schematic view of the present invention ground sorting formula intelligent control system for the dispensing;

[0034]图1b是本发明地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统的俯视结构示意图; [0034] Figure 1b is a schematic top view of the control system of the dispensing structure of the present invention, the sorting of formula intelligent ground;

[0035]图1c是图1a中A部分的放大示意图; [0035] FIG. 1c is an enlarged view of part A in FIG. 1A;

[0036]图2a是本发明的提升机的结构示意图; [0036] FIG 2a is a schematic diagram of the hoist according to the present invention;

[0037]图2b是篮筐上升至上端时提升机的结构示意图; [0037] FIG 2b is a schematic view when the elevator rises to the upper end of the basket;

[0038]图3a是本发明的发篮装置的结构示意图; [0038] Figure 3a is a schematic diagram of the apparatus of the present invention made of the basket;

[0039]图3b是本发明的发篮装置电机安装有电机座的结构示意图; [0039] Figure 3b is a basket made according to the present invention, the motor means is a schematic diagram of the structure of the motor mounting base;

[0040]图3c是本发明发篮装置的侧面透视图; [0040] Figure 3c is a side perspective view of the apparatus of the present invention made the basket;

[0041 ]其中:1-发药机;1-1、1-2-第一输送装置;1-3-第二输送装置;2_发篮装置;201-动力装置;202-传动轴;203-同步齿轮;204-发篮齿;205-传动轴支架;206-齿轮支架;207、208-齿轮;209、210_同步轮;211、212_同步带;213-围边;214-基座;215-动力装置支架;216-边框;217-小窗口; 3-提升机;301-提升平台;302、303-提升滑轨;304-止滑块;305-前推杆电机;306-前推杆滑轨;307-前推杆;308-左右推杆滑轨;309-左右推杆;310-左右推杆电机;311-篮筐推送装置;4、5_分拣台;6-发药台;7-篮筐。 [0041] wherein: 1- dispensing machine; 1-1,1-2- a first conveying means; 1-3- second conveying means; 2_ hair basket means; 201- power means; 202- shaft; 203 - synchronous gears; 204- hair basket teeth; 205- shaft holder; 206- gear holder; 207,208- gear; 209,210_ synchronous wheel; 211,212_ belt; 213- runners; base 214- ; 215- power unit bracket; 216- border; 217- widget; 3- hoist; lifting platform 301; 302,303- lift rail; 304- slider stopper; front pusher motor 305; 306- before slide ram; 307- front ram; about 308- slide ram; ram about 309; about 310- pusher motor; 311- basket push device; 4,5_ sorting station; 6- fat drug units; 7- basket.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0042]如图1a所示,本发明的地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统包括由控制终端控制的发药机I,还设有承接发药机I发出药品的第一输送装置1-1和1-2,药品随后进入第二输送装置1-3,从附图1a和Ib中可以看出来,该发药机I具有两个第一输送装置,第二输送装置1-3的头端设置在两个第一输送装置中间;在第二输送装置1-3末端的上方设有可发放装载药品篮筐的发篮装置2,当发药机I配发的药品由第一输送装置1-1和1-2转运到第二输送装置1-3上时,地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统的控制终端发出指令,发篮装置2发放篮筐,落在第二装置1-3末端上,与药品朝一个方向运送,发篮装2发放的篮筐比药品先达到提升机3。 [0042] Figure 1a, the ground control sorting of formula intelligent dispensing system of the invention comprises a control terminal controlled dispensing machine I, is also provided with a first conveying means receiving the drug dispensing machine I emitted 1- 1 and 1-2, the drug delivery device 13 then enters a second, can be seen from figures 1a and Ib out, I the dispensing machine having two first transport means, the head of the second conveying device 1-3 a first end disposed between the two conveying means; 1-3 over the end of the second conveying device is provided with means basket made dispensable medicines loaded basket 2, when the dispensing machine I allotted by the first drug delivery device 1-2 and 1-1 is transferred to the second transport device 13, the control terminal of formula ground sorting intelligent dispensing control system issues a command, issued payment basket basket apparatus 2, the second means fall 1- 3 end, and drug transport in one direction, hair baskets than 2 drugs issued by the basket lift (3) is reached first.

[0043]如图1c所示可知,发篮装置2安置在第二输送装置1-3的末端上方,篮筐从发篮装置2扣发后落在第二输送装置1-3的末端,随即进入提升机3的提升平台301上。 [0043] Figure 1c shows that hair basket apparatus 2 disposed over the end of the second conveying device 13, the second end of the basket to fall from the conveying device 13 sent the basket withholding means 2, then enter lifting the lifting platform 301 machine 3.

[0044]如图2a所示,提升平台301的一侧设置有止滑块304,止滑块304上端的内侧面比外侧面更低,形成一个导向倾斜面,这样可以使得篮筐顺利的滑入到提升平台301上并防止其滑动;提升平台301可沿着左右两侧的提升滑轨302和303上下滑动,该提升机上端还设置有篮筐推送装置311,所述篮筐推送装置311可将装有未完成处方药品篮筐推送至其左右两侧的分拣台4和5,也可将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至前端的发药台6上发放处方。 [0044] Figure 2a, the lift platform 301 is provided with a side locking slider 304, the upper end of the inner side surface of the locking slider 304 is lower than the outer side, form a guide inclined surfaces, so that the basket can be made smoothly slide into the lifting platform 301 and prevent it from sliding; the lifting platform 301 can slide along the right and left sides of the lift 302 and 303 slide up and down, the upper end of the lifting machine is also provided with a push device basket 311, the basket 311 push device may not complete with the prescription drug basket is pushed to left and right sides of the sorting stage 4 and 5 can also be completed with a prescription drug in the basket is pushed to the front end of the dispensing prescription issuing station 6.

[0045] 在附图2b中,篮筐从底端上升至上端,从附图2b中,也可以看出,该篮筐推送装置311具有可将篮筐往左右分拣台4和5推送的左右推杆309(由左右推杆电机310提供动力),所述左右推杆309设置在左右推杆滑轨308上,该篮筐推送装置311还设置有可将篮筐往前发药台6推送的前推杆307(由前推杆电机305提供动力),所述前推杆307设置在前推杆滑轨306上,具体的,是将装有未完成处方药品的篮筐是往左侧分拣台4推送还是往右侧分拣台5推送由控制终端发出指令控制,若是需要将装有未完成处方药品的篮筐往左侧分拣台4推送,则地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统的控制终端应先发出指令,左右推杆309在提升平台301到达提升机3的上端之前通过左右推杆滑轨308游动至右侧,反之亦然;同样的,需要将装有完成处方药品的篮筐推送至前端的发药台6上,前推杆307应处于后 [0045] In Fig. 2b, the basket rises from the bottom to the upper end 2b from the drawings, can also be seen, the basket having a pushing device 311 can be sorted left to the basket 5 and the push stage 4 left and right push rod 309 (right and left pusher motor 310 powered), push rod 309 is provided at the left and right around the plunger slide 308, the basket 311 is also provided with a push device can forward the basket dispensing station 6 push the pusher 307 before (provided by the first pusher motor 305 power), the push rod 307 of the front rail 306 is provided on the plunger front, specifically, is a prescription drug containing unfinished basket is left 4 sorting station side or push push Wang Youce sorting station 5 issues an instruction controlled by a control terminal, if necessary with the prescription drug unfinished basket push Wang Zuoce sorting table 4, the ground intelligent sorting formula dispensing control terminal of the control system should issue an instruction, about 309 before the pusher 301 reaches the upper end of the lifting platform hoist 3 swimming rail 308 to the right, the left and right by the push rod and vice versa; the same, it is necessary to install prescription drug has completed the basket is pushed to the front end of the dispensing table 6, the plunger 307 should be in the front ,这也是由控制控制终端的。 , Which is controlled by the control terminal.

[0046]如图3a_3c所示,尤其是在图3a中,发篮装置2安装在基座214上,具有上下开口的边框216,边框216上具有围边213,所述边框216的侧面设置有4个同步齿轮203,每个同步齿轮203具有按规律排列的6个发篮齿204(如图3c所示),所述发篮齿204的外边缘比边框216更向内突出,且同步齿轮203可向边框216内侧转动,同步齿轮203与传动轴202相连接,所述传动轴202通过齿轮207、208与动力装置201(即电机)联接,传动轴202安装在传动轴支架205上,齿轮207、208安装在齿轮支架206上,动力装置201安装在动力装置支架215上,其中齿轮207与齿轮208啮合,齿轮208与动力装置201直接联接,从而给同步齿轮203提供向边框216内侧转动的动力,传动轴202与齿轮207、208通过同步带连接,齿轮208直接与动力装置连接,边框216上的小窗口217,发篮齿204是穿过该小窗口217使其外边缘比边框216更向内凸出, [0046] As shown in FIG 3a_3c, especially in FIG. 3a, hair basket apparatus 2 is mounted on base 214, having upper and lower openings of the frame 216, the frame 216 has a surrounding edge 213 of the side frame 216 is provided with a 4 synchronous gears 203, 203 each having a synchronizing gear arranged in accordance with the rules issued basket 6 teeth 204 (shown in FIG. 3C), the teeth 204 of the basket made more inwardly protruded than an outer edge of the frame 216, and the synchronization gears 203 can rotate the inner frame 216, timing gears 203 connected with the drive shaft 202, the shaft 202 through gears 207, 208 and the power unit 201 (i.e., a motor) coupled to the drive shaft bracket 202 is mounted on the drive shaft 205, the gear 207, 208 mounted on the gear holder 206, power unit 201 mounted on the power unit bracket 215, 207 208 mesh with the gear wherein the gear, the gear 208 is directly coupled with the power unit 201, thereby to provide synchronous gear 203 is rotated inward toward the frame 216 power transmission shaft 202 via a timing belt connected to the gear 207, the gear 208 is directly connected to the power means widget 217 on the bezel 216, the teeth 204 is made the basket through the small window 217 so that the outer edge of the border is more than 216 inwardly projecting, 传动轴202上固装有同步轮209、210,同步轮209、210分别通过同步带211、212与齿轮207、208连接。 Solid drive shaft 202 with wheels 209 and 210 are synchronized, synchronizing wheels 207, 208 respectively 209, 210 and 211, 212 are connected by a timing belt gear.

[0047]从附图3c中可以看出,共有三个篮筐,篮筐7和其下面的篮筐都被发篮齿204所支持,不能被扣发,第三个篮筐由于发篮齿往内转动,与第三个篮筐时不接触,即该篮筐被下扣落在第二输送装置1-3上的末端。 [0047] As can be seen from the figures 3c, a total of three basket, the basket and the basket 7 which are below the teeth 204 support basket made, not withheld, since the third basket basket sent to the teeth the rotation, the third one is not in contact with the basket, the basket i.e. by the lower end of the buckle falling second conveyor 1-3.

[0048]本发明的地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统配发药品的流程是:初始化,先对智能化发药控制系统进行初始化,默认智能化发药控制系统所有装置上都没有处方药品;读取医院HIS发药信息:智能化发药控制系统自动读取医院HIS待发处方药品信息,智能化发药控制系统的控制终端调度处方的发药顺序;发药机I发出药品通过缓冲装置落入至底部的第一输送装置1-1、1-2,随后药品进入第二输送装置1-3,当药品进入第二输送装置1-3时,篮筐从发篮装置上扣发至第二输送装置末端,比药品先达到提升机3的提升平台301上,每个篮筐均设置有射频识别芯片,提升机3的底部和篮筐对应位置设置有射频识别装置,当提升平台301上升至提升机3的上端时,控制终端发出指令,篮筐推送装置311将装有未完成处方药品的篮筐推送至左右两端的分拣台4、5上继续分拣异形装药品 [0048] The drug dispensing process dispensing the ground sorting formula intelligent control system of the present invention are: initialization, prior to dispensing the intelligent control system is initialized, the default control system intelligent dispensing prescription drugs are not all devices ; hospital HIS dispensing information read: intelligent dispensing system automatically reads the control hospital HIS outgoing prescription drug information, intelligent control system for dispensing prescription schedule control terminal of the dispensing sequence; pharmaceutical dispensing machine I sent via a buffer means falls to the bottom of the first conveying devices 11 and 12, and then enters the second pharmaceutical delivery device 1-3, when the drug delivery device into the second 1-3, the withholding of the basket from the basket means to send the second end of the conveying means, the ratio of the drug to achieve the lifting platform hoist 301 3, each basket is provided with radio frequency identification chip, the radio frequency identification means lifting the base unit 3 and the corresponding position of the basket is provided, when the lift platform 301 rising to the upper end of the hoist 3, the control terminal instructs push device 311 will be equipped with the basket unfinished prescription drugs to the left and right ends of the basket pushes the profiled sorting means sorting station continues on drugs 4,5 成处方,或者将装有完成处方药品篮筐推送至发药台6上,若是患者不能及时取药,可以将完成处方放置在分拣台4、5下面的储药隔架上,或者单独在药房设置一个储药架,也可以在发药台6下面设置储药隔架。 To prescription or prescription drugs with complete basket is pushed to the dispensing table 6, if the patient can not be timely medicine, the prescription can be completed is placed in the sorting table below 4,5 reservoir connective holder, or separately in a drug reservoir disposed pharmacy rack, may be provided in the reservoir bay dispensing table 6 below.

[0049]发药流程中,若是智能化发药控制系统某个装置已有处方药品,控制终端接收到该装置反馈信息后,即给该装置的上一级装置发出停止运行输送药品的指令,使药品不会输送至该装置上,若是智能化控制系统某个装置没有处方药品,控制终端接收到该装置反馈信息后,即给该装置的上一级装置发出运行输送药品指令,使药品输送至该装置上。 [0049] The dispensing process, if the intelligent dispensing apparatus has a control system of the prescription drug, the control terminal apparatus after receiving the feedback information, i.e., instructs to stop running on a drug delivery device of the apparatus, the medicine is not fed to the device, if a system has no means of intelligent control of the prescription drug, the control terminal apparatus after receiving the feedback information is issued to a device on the device running the drug delivery instructions to cause drug delivery onto the device.

[0050]通过采用本发明的地面分拣式智能化发药控制系统配发药品,发药机I发药后,控制终端会收到发药机I的反馈信息,同时指令第一输送装置101、102往中间第二输送装置103输送药品,第二输送装置103接收到药品后,控制终端会收到第二输送装置103的反馈信息,同时指令发篮装置2向下扣发篮筐,该篮筐比药品先达到提升机3的提升平台301位置处,当药品进入位于提升平台301的篮筐内时,将信息反馈给控制终端,控制终端收到信息后,会给篮筐推送装置311发送运行指令,并调整篮筐推送装置311各部件的位置关系,以便于推送篮筐往哪个方向推送,以此类推,该系统内每个部件的工作完成后,控制终端会收到该部件空闲状态信息,会指令其上一级部件动作,以实现发送处方药品的连续性,一个工作日内所完成的处方平均下来可以配发完成近万个完成处方 [0050] By using Formula intelligent sorting ground dispensing control system of the invention the drug dispensing, dispensing after dispensing machine I, control terminal receives feedback information I dispensing machine, the conveyor means while the first instruction 101 , 102 to the second intermediate conveyance Drug delivery device 103, the second transfer device 103 receives the medicines, the control terminal receives feedback information 103 of the second conveying device, while basket apparatus 2 down instruction issued withheld basket, the basket Drug housing than at the lifting platform 301 to achieve the position of the lifting machine 3, when the drug enters the lifting platform 301 is located within the basket, the feedback to the control terminal, the control terminal after receiving the message, the transmission device 311 will push the basket operation command, and adjusts the positional relationship between the rim 311 of each pusher member, which direction to push the push basket, and so, the operation of each component within the system is completed, the control terminal receives the idle state member information, which instructs an operation member, in order to achieve continuity of the transmission of the prescription drug, completed one working day prescription can be allotted on average to complete a nearly complete prescription .

[0051]上面结合附图对本发明的实施方式作了详细的说明,但是本发明不限于上述实施方式,在所属技术领域普通技术人员所具备的知识范围内,还可以在不脱离本发明宗旨的前提下做出各种变化,检测药品位置可以是位置检测装置,或感应药品重力的重力感应装置,还可以选择设置其他可以检测到药品的装置,如图像检测装置,通过检测图像来确定药品是否到达和离开;还可以的,在分拣台或/和发药台上设置有LED显示器,该LED显示器将会自动读取患者信息,药师根据LED显示可以很轻松地将药品拿给患者。 [0051] The above detailed description of embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the embodiment of the present invention is made, but the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, in the ordinary skill in the art possess knowledge of the range, but also may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention under the premise that various changes, the drug detection means detecting the position may be a position, gravity, or gravity induced drugs sensing device, can also choose other means may be provided to detect the drug, such as an image detection means, whether the drug is determined by detecting the image arrival and departure; can be further provided with an LED display in the sorting table and / or dispensing stage, the LED display will automatically read the patient information, the pharmacist can easily according to the patient the drug showed LED display.

Claims (1)

1.一种发篮装置,其特征在于,该发篮装置具有上下开口的边框(216),所述边框(216)的侧面设置有同步齿轮(203),该同步齿轮(203)具有按规律排列的若干个发篮齿(204),所述发篮齿(204)的外边缘比边框更向内突出,且同步齿轮可向边框(216)内侧转动; 所述边框(216)上设有小窗口(217),所述发篮齿(204)是穿过该小窗口(217)使其外边缘比边框(216)更向内突出; 所述同步齿轮(20 3 )与对应的传动轴(20 2 )相连接,所述传动轴(20 2 )通过与其对应的齿轮(207; 208 )与动力装置(201)联接,从而给同步齿轮(203 )提供向所述边框(216 )内侧转动的动力; 所述传动轴(202)与对应的齿轮(207; 208)通过对应的同步带(211; 212)连接,其中一个所述齿轮(208)直接与动力装置(201)连接; 所述边框(216 )的上边缘具有水平向外延伸的围边(213 ); 所述传动轴(202)上固装有对应的同步轮(209; 210),该同步轮(209; A hair basket apparatus, wherein the apparatus has a frame made basket (216) of the upper and lower openings, the side frame (216) is provided with a synchronizing gear (203), the synchronizing gear (203) having a press laws a plurality of aligned teeth made baskets (204), said basket made tooth (204) projecting inwardly more than an outer edge of the border, and the synchronization gear is rotated toward the frame inner side (216); provided on said frame (216) small window (217), said basket made tooth (204) is through the small window (217) so that an outer edge projecting inwardly more than the frame (216); said synchronization gear (203) with a corresponding drive shaft (202) connected to said propeller shaft (202) through a gear (207; 208) corresponding to the power means (201) coupled to the frame to provide to the synchronization gear (203) (216) rotates inside power; the shaft (202) with the corresponding gear (207; 208) via a corresponding belt (211; 212) is connected, wherein a said gear (208) directly connected to the power means (201); the the upper edge of the bezel (216) has a horizontal extending outwardly of the sides (213); said transmission shaft (202) solid with the corresponding synchronization wheel (209; 210), the synchronization wheel (209; 210)通过对应的所述同步带(211; 212)与对应的所述齿轮(207; 208)连接。 210) through the corresponding belt (211; 208 connection); 212) and said corresponding gear (207.
CN201310202488.1A 2013-05-28 2013-05-28 Hair basket device CN103251251B (en)

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