CN103175225A - Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove - Google Patents

Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103175225A
CN103175225A CN2013100675642A CN201310067564A CN103175225A CN 103175225 A CN103175225 A CN 103175225A CN 2013100675642 A CN2013100675642 A CN 2013100675642A CN 201310067564 A CN201310067564 A CN 201310067564A CN 103175225 A CN103175225 A CN 103175225A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grate
burner hearth
stove
energy
frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013100675642A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103175225B (en
Inventor
黄元善
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黄元善
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Application filed by 黄元善 filed Critical 黄元善
Priority to CN201310067564.2A priority Critical patent/CN103175225B/en
Publication of CN103175225A publication Critical patent/CN103175225A/en
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Publication of CN103175225B publication Critical patent/CN103175225B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

Disclosed is an energy-gathering and energy-saving stove. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove comprises a stove body, a waste heat stove hot water bowl and a hot water storage tank. The stove body is composed of a multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), a stove bar frame (10), a detachable water jacket smoke tube (11), a hearth lower tray (18), stove legs (17) with height adjustable and a stove bar lifting crank (12). The stove bar frame (10) is installed in the multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), the stove bar lifting crank (12) penetrates through the multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), and gears (25) on the stove bar lifting crank (12) are meshed with teeth on rack holes (22) on the surface of the stove bar frame (10). According to the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove, the position of the a stove bar can be adjusted according to needs so that the size of the hearth can be changed to be suitable for firing coal or firing wood and honeycomb briquette; and the position of the stove bar frame can be changed through the stove bar lifting crank to meet requirements of barbecue. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove can be used for cooking, frying and the barbecue, waste heat can be used for boiling water, and therefore multiple energy sources can be used in the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove, and the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove has multiple functions. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove is suitable for life of residents in vast rural areas and villages and towns.

Description

A kind of cumulative saving furnace
 
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cumulative saving furnace, the national uses the cooking stove technical field.
Background technology
Existing Civil energy-saving cooking stove has liquefied gas furnace, coal stove, wood stove etc.Liquefied gas furnace is used for having the cities and towns of liquefied gas, natural gas supply mostly; And vast rural area, small towns are mainly with coal stove or wood stove.Existing coal stove and wood stove are through updating, more saving furnace has appearred, these energy-saving stoves, to consider to transform the structure of stove and accessory from the UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN aspect and the technical scheme that proposes mostly, but lack and a kind ofly be applicable to can cooking of vast rural households and small commercial and cook, can heat again, boil water, bathing, can also cook barbecue; Both can burn bavin, also can burn bulk coal and the cooking stove of honeycomb briquette.The present invention is according to the weak point of existing coal stove, wood stove, a kind of new combined type cumulative saving furnace has been proposed, assemble various fuel and be used for this saving furnace, and its thermal efficiency is high, it can be used for cooking, cook, heating up water and roast, family's indoor heating, bathing be can give again, rural area and small town citizen or the use of small-sized eating house with coal or bavin are applicable to.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the shortcoming that can only burn single variety of energy sources that in use exists according to existing coal stove and wood stove; Existence can not be done the defective of barbecue etc.Disclose and a kind ofly can burn bavin, can burn coal and honeycomb briquette again; Can cook dish (when cooking dish, the waste heat kitchen range can be cooked, when not cooking for boiling water), supplying hot water can be manufactured again the cumulative saving furnace of barbecue.
Technical scheme of the present invention is that cumulative saving furnace of the present invention is comprised of body of heater, waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls and heat storage water tank, water pipe and smoke pipe.Body of heater is connected with heat storage water tank by smoke exhaust pipe, and waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls is connected with heat storage water tank by hot-water line, and the ball valve switch that arranges on pipeline can be controlled the water temperature of hot water Bowls on the waste heat kitchen range flexibly.
Body of heater is comprised of discharge fume burner hearth, grate frame, detachable water jacket smoke pipe, burner hearth lower tray, adjustable stove pin and the grate hi/local crank of height of porous.Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth is arranged on the burner hearth lower tray, detachable water jacket smoke pipe is arranged on top, porous smoke evacuation burner hearth periphery, the water alms bowl is connected to the periphery of detachable water jacket smoke pipe through stainless steel three way type water pipe, the grate frame is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the grate hi/local crank is passed porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the tooth engagement on the rack bore on the gear on the grate hi/local crank and grate trestle face; The adjustable stove pin of height is arranged on below the burner hearth lower tray, supports body of heater.
Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth and grate frame be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame is less than the internal diameter of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the grate frame can move in porous is discharged fume burner hearth vertically; Porous smoke evacuation upper furnace evenly has a plurality of exhaust smoke holes along the garden cylinder, and two circular holes that supply grate hi/local crank axle to pass have been opened in the bottom; Grate frame inwall is 120 ° of grate fixed blocks that are mounted with for the placement grate along the circumferential direction; Have the rectangle rack bore on the garden cylinder of grate frame, the gear on the grate hi/local crank can with rack bore on tooth engagement; Grate can be placed in by L shaped installation gap any position of the above rack bore of grate hi/local crank gear.In the grate frame inserts porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the grate hi/local crank is arranged on the circular hole of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the tooth on gear engaging tooth cylindrical void, the rotating grate hi/local crank, the grate frame rises or descends along porous smoke evacuation burner hearth.
The grate fixed block is strip, length direction tooth punching on one side, on one side not tooth punching, one side of not tooth punching reclines and is arranged on grate frame inwall, and tooth punching is used for shelving grate.
Grate is fixed on the grate fixed block on grate frame inwall easily by 120 ° of " L " shape installation gaps that have of its periphery, and the installation site of grate on the grate frame determined the size of burner hearth, and more go up the grate installation site, and furnace volume is less; The grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger.
The grate hi/local crank also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and when the grate hi/local crank was up shaken the grate frame, furnace volume reduced gradually; When the grate hi/local crank was down shaken the grate frame, furnace volume increased gradually.Difference is, grate is to be used for regulating the size of burner hearth when black furnace, in case stove has burnt up, grate is inactive; And the grate hi/local crank is also to regulate the size of burner hearth when hot stove.
The size of regulating burner hearth is actually the size that has changed the burner hearth intake, can change thus the combustion conditions of stove.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared with the prior art is that the present invention by changing the structure of burner hearth, makes grate can adjust as required its position on the basis of existing saving furnace, to change the size of burner hearth, both can adapt to and burn coal and honeycomb briquette, also can adapt to the burning bavin; By the grate hi/local crank of design, change the position of grate frame, thus the demand that can be adapted to roast.So saving furnace of the present invention both can burn coal and honeycomb briquette, also can burn bavin, adapt to the burning of various energy resources; The saving furnace of the present invention cooking (can utilize simultaneously the culinary art of waste heat kitchen range or for boiling water) of both can having cooked, hot water supply function bathing again also can be used for barbecue, has realized a stove multiple-energy-source, multipurpose.
The present invention is applicable to vast rural area, the residents from villages and towns life is used, or is applicable to small towns small-sized eating and drinking establishment use.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is cumulative saving furnace structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is cumulative saving furnace furnace binding schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is porous smoke evacuation burner hearth knot schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is grate shelf structure schematic diagram moving up and down;
Fig. 5 is the grate structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the grate fixed block;
Fig. 7 is the grate hi/local crank;
Fig. 8 is grate, grate hi/local crank installation site schematic diagram;
Picture in picture number expression: the 1st, body of heater; The 2nd, waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls; The 3rd, heat storage water tank; The 4th, ball valve switch; The 5th, the smoke pipe from body of heater to heat storage water tank; The 6th, the heat cycles water pipe; The 7th, with the cold water inlet of ball valve; The 8th, the hot water outlet of heat storage water tank; The 9th, the heat storage water tank chimney; The 10th, the grate frame; The 11st, detachable water jacket smoke pipe; The 12nd, the grate hi/local crank; The 13rd, porous smoke evacuation burner hearth; The 14th, the feeding port fire door; The 15th, the honeycomb briquette air register; The 16th, take off slag and transfer the wind furnace door; The 17 adjustable stove pin of height; The 18th, the burner hearth lower tray; The 19th, cold water inlet; The 20th, exhaust smoke hole; The 21st, circular hole; The 22nd, rack bore; The 23rd, L shaped installation gap; The 24th, the grate hole; The 25th, gear; The 26th, grate hi/local crank axle; The 27th, crank; The 28th, grate; The 29th, the grate fixed block; The 30th, with the two-in-one pipe joint of valve.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of cumulative saving furnace of the present invention as shown in Figure 1.
The present invention specifically is implemented as follows:
Cumulative saving furnace of the present invention is comprised of cold water inlet 7, body of heater to the smoke pipe 5 of heat storage water tank of body of heater 1, waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls 2, heat storage water tank 3, heat cycles water pipe 6, heat storage water tank.Body of heater 1 is by 3 the connection from body of heater to heat storage water tank, and the water jacket of detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11 is connected with waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls 2 and heat storage water tank 3 respectively by heat cycles water pipe 6.
Body of heater 1 is comprised of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate frame 10, detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11, burner hearth lower tray 18, adjustable stove pin 17 and the grate hi/local crank 12 of height.Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 is arranged on burner hearth lower tray 18, detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11 is arranged on the outer upper part of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate frame 10 is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate hi/local crank 12 is passed porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, the tooth engagement on the rack bore 22 on 10 of the gear 25 on grate hi/local crank 12 and grate trestles; The adjustable stove pin 17 of height is arranged on below burner hearth lower tray 18, supports body of heater.
Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 and grate frame 10 be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame 10 is less than the internal diameter of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate frame 10 can move freely in porous is discharged fume burner hearth 13 vertically; Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 tops evenly have a plurality of exhaust smoke holes 20 along the garden cylinder, and two circular holes 21 that supply grate hi/local crank axle to pass have been opened in the bottom; Grate frame 10 inwalls are 120 ° of grate fixed blocks 29 that are mounted with for placement grate 28 along the circumferential direction; Have the rectangle rack bore on the garden cylinder of grate frame, the gear on the grate hi/local crank can with rack bore on tooth engagement; Grate 28 can be placed in by L shaped installation gap 23 any position of the above rack bore 22 of grate hi/local crank gear.In grate frame 10 inserts porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate hi/local crank 12 is arranged on the circular hole 21 of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the tooth on gear 26 engaging tooth cylindrical voids 22, rotating grate hi/local crank 12, grate frame 10 can be discharged fume along porous, and burner hearth rises or decline.
Grate fixed block 29 is strip, length direction tooth punching on one side, on one side not tooth punching, one side of not tooth punching reclines and is arranged on grate frame 10 inner cylinder faces, and tooth punching is used for shelving grate 28; The axial location that is arranged on three grate fixed blocks 29 on grate frame inner cylinder face along grate frame inner cylinder face cylinder rectilinear direction is equidistant apart from grate frame end face.
Grate 28 is a circular grating structure, thick 3 ~ 5mm, formed by the cast iron cast, its circumferential edge has 3 " L " shape installation gaps, three " L " shape installation gaps become 120 ° uniform, can be installed to easily on the grate fixed block 29 that is fixed on grate frame 10 inwalls, the installation site of grate 28 on grate frame 10 determined the size of burner hearth, more go up the grate installation site, and furnace volume is less, can be used for burning loose coal or charcoal; The grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger, can be used for burn bavin or lump coal; Remove hand crank, grid is placed into burner hearth bottom, add a honeycomb coal stove core made in the grid frame and add the insulation processing, can burn honeycomb briquette.
Grate hi/local crank 12 also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and when grate hi/local crank 12 was up shaken grate frame 10, furnace volume reduced gradually; When grate hi/local crank 12 was down shaken grate frame 10, furnace volume increased gradually.Difference is, grate 28 is to be used for regulating the size of burner hearth when black furnace, in case stove has burnt up, grate is inactive; And grate hi/local crank 12 is also to regulate the size of burner hearth when hot state of furnace, changes the burner hearth size, can be used for barbecue.
Detachable water jacket smoke pipe is the round water jacket smoke exhaust pipe, and water jacket is drawn two heat cycles water pipes 6 and connect respectively waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls 2 and heat storage water tank 3, all is provided with ball valve switch joint 4 on the pipeline of heat cycles water pipe 6; Also draw one with the two-in-one pipe joint 30 of valve from water jacket, wherein can be the user in a pipe and decontrol water; Another root pipe connects bathing with tap water pressure extruding flow pipe joint, provides cold water to water jacket.
The fume afterheat heating water jacket of cumulative saving furnace body of heater 1 of the present invention, water jacket hot water enters waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls by hot-water line 6, can boil water or steamed rice; Two heat cycles water pipes 6 also are connected with heat storage water tank, mutual circulation, and the cold water of heating heat storage water tank is for domestic bathing.Fume afterheat enters heat storage water tank 3 by smoke pipe 5; Waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls can control the water temperature of hot water Bowls on the waste heat kitchen range flexibly by the ball valve switch 4 that arranges on pipeline.Heat storage water tank 3 tops are provided with the water inlet pipe 7 of ball valve and bathing outlet pipe 8.

Claims (5)

1. cumulative saving furnace, comprise body of heater (1), waste heat kitchen range hot water Bowls (2) and heat storage water tank (3), it is characterized in that, described body of heater (1) is comprised of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate frame (10), detachable water jacket smoke pipe (11), burner hearth lower tray (18), adjustable stove pin (17) and the grate hi/local crank (12) of height; Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) is arranged on burner hearth lower tray (18), detachable water jacket smoke pipe (11) is arranged on the outer upper part of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate frame (10) is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate hi/local crank (12) is passed porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), the tooth engagement on the rack bore (22) on the gear (25) on grate hi/local crank (12) and grate trestle (10) face; The adjustable stove pin (17) of height is arranged on below burner hearth lower tray (18), supports body of heater.
2. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) and grate frame (10) be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame (10) is less than the discharge fume internal diameter of burner hearth (13) of porous, and grate frame (10) can move freely in porous is discharged fume burner hearth (13) vertically; Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) top evenly has a plurality of exhaust smoke holes (20) along the garden cylinder, and two circular holes (21) that supply grate hi/local crank axle to pass have been opened in the bottom; Grate frame (10) inwall is 120 ° of grate fixed blocks (29) that are mounted with for placement grate (28) along the circumferential direction; Have the rectangle rack bore on the garden cylinder of grate frame, the tooth engagement on the wheel and rack hole on the grate hi/local crank; Grate (28) can be placed in by L shaped installation gap (23) any position of the above rack bore of grate hi/local crank gear (22); In grate (10) inserts porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate hi/local crank (12) is arranged on the circular hole (21) of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, tooth on gear (26) engaging tooth cylindrical void (22), rotating grate hi/local crank (12), grate frame (10) can be discharged fume along porous, and burner hearth rises or decline.
3. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described grate (28) is a circular grating structure, formed by the cast iron cast, its circumferential edge has 3 " L " shape installation gaps, three " L " shape installation gaps become 120 ° uniform, can be fixed on easily on the grate fixed block (29) on grate frame (10) inwall, the installation site of grate (28) on grate frame (10) determined the size of burner hearth, more go up the grate installation site, furnace volume is less, is used for burning loose coal or charcoal; The grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger, be used for to burn bavin or loose coal; Remove hand crank, grid is placed into burner hearth bottom, add a honeycomb coal stove core made in grid and add the insulation processing, can burn honeycomb briquette.
4. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described grate hi/local crank (12) also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and with grate frame (10) when up shaking, furnace volume reduces gradually when grate hi/local crank (12); With grate frame (10) when down shaking, furnace volume increases gradually when grate hi/local crank (12); Grate hi/local crank (12) is also to regulate the size of burner hearth when hot state of furnace, changes the burner hearth size, is used for barbecue.
5. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described grate fixed block (29) is strip, length direction tooth punching on one side, not tooth punching on one side, one side reclining of not tooth punching is arranged on grate frame inner cylinder face, tooth punching is used for shelving grate (28); The axial location that is arranged on three the grate fixed blocks (29) on grate frame inner cylinder face along grate frame inner cylinder face cylinder rectilinear direction is equidistant apart from grate frame end face.
CN201310067564.2A 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove CN103175225B (en)

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CN201310067564.2A CN103175225B (en) 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310067564.2A CN103175225B (en) 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove

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CN103175225A true CN103175225A (en) 2013-06-26
CN103175225B CN103175225B (en) 2015-07-15

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104457250A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-25 张立明 Kiln
CN104896520A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-09 刘烜哲 Air return furnace waste heat recovery system
CN106556031A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-05 刘开芹 Rotation warming stove
CN109458619A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-03-12 佛山市思特四通化工有限公司 A kind of chemical industry environmental protection incinerator waste-heat recovery device

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2277496Y (en) * 1996-10-17 1998-04-01 六盘水市钟山机电修造厂 Honeycomb briquet stove
CN2494936Y (en) * 2001-07-30 2002-06-12 窦瑞波 Multi-purpose energy-saving stove
CN2539909Y (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-03-12 田宝森 Grate-lifting heating stove
CN2800105Y (en) * 2005-05-28 2006-07-26 徐利成 Firewood and coal dual-purpose stove
CN2888318Y (en) * 2006-01-25 2007-04-11 王凤民 Multipurpose energy-saving water heating boiler with superconductive medium
CN201069181Y (en) * 2007-04-28 2008-06-04 肖昌发 Honeycomb coat furnace with lifting furnace gear
US20080184980A1 (en) * 2003-07-07 2008-08-07 Czajkoski William A Collapsible grill and stand
CN201237254Y (en) * 2008-07-10 2009-05-13 欧阳辉利 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal
CN201242178Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-05-20 黄劲文 Multifunctional high-efficiency energy-saving environment protection smokeless firewood-saving range
CN203131868U (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-08-14 黄元善 Energy-gathered energy conservation furnace

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2277496Y (en) * 1996-10-17 1998-04-01 六盘水市钟山机电修造厂 Honeycomb briquet stove
CN2494936Y (en) * 2001-07-30 2002-06-12 窦瑞波 Multi-purpose energy-saving stove
CN2539909Y (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-03-12 田宝森 Grate-lifting heating stove
US20080184980A1 (en) * 2003-07-07 2008-08-07 Czajkoski William A Collapsible grill and stand
CN2800105Y (en) * 2005-05-28 2006-07-26 徐利成 Firewood and coal dual-purpose stove
CN2888318Y (en) * 2006-01-25 2007-04-11 王凤民 Multipurpose energy-saving water heating boiler with superconductive medium
CN201069181Y (en) * 2007-04-28 2008-06-04 肖昌发 Honeycomb coat furnace with lifting furnace gear
CN201242178Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-05-20 黄劲文 Multifunctional high-efficiency energy-saving environment protection smokeless firewood-saving range
CN201237254Y (en) * 2008-07-10 2009-05-13 欧阳辉利 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal
CN203131868U (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-08-14 黄元善 Energy-gathered energy conservation furnace

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104457250A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-03-25 张立明 Kiln
CN104896520A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-09 刘烜哲 Air return furnace waste heat recovery system
CN106556031A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-05 刘开芹 Rotation warming stove
CN109458619A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-03-12 佛山市思特四通化工有限公司 A kind of chemical industry environmental protection incinerator waste-heat recovery device

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