CN201237254Y - Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal - Google Patents

Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201237254Y
CN201237254Y CNU2008200536926U CN200820053692U CN201237254Y CN 201237254 Y CN201237254 Y CN 201237254Y CN U2008200536926 U CNU2008200536926 U CN U2008200536926U CN 200820053692 U CN200820053692 U CN 200820053692U CN 201237254 Y CN201237254 Y CN 201237254Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water tank
grate
furnace
pipe
blast pipe
Prior art date
Application number
CNU2008200536926U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧阳辉利
Original Assignee
欧阳辉利
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 欧阳辉利 filed Critical 欧阳辉利
Priority to CNU2008200536926U priority Critical patent/CN201237254Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201237254Y publication Critical patent/CN201237254Y/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The utility model discloses a coal and firewood fired energy-saving cooking and bath furnace, which comprises a furnace stage (1), a thermal insulator (3), a water tank (4), a grate (6) and a furnace core (23). A cylindrical pipe (2) is arranged in the water tank and hermetically connected with the water tank as a whole body; a lateral air inlet pipe (2) is arranged on the side surface at the lower end of the cylindrical pipe; an upper air inlet pipe (18) is arranged at the upper end opening of the cylindrical pipe and penetrates the bottom part of the water tank; a lower air inlet pipe (14) is arranged at the lower part of the cylindrical pipe; a lifting mechanism which can regulate the height of an inner furnace bar of the cylindrical pipe is arranged on the grate; the movable furnace core is arranged on the furnace bar; and an circular smoke channel (20) communicated with an upper flue pipe is arranged between the furnace stage and the thermal insulator (3). According to the season and the usage of hot water, the lifting mechanism can control the vertical position of the furnace bar so as to control the rate of water temperature increase, thereby bringing great convenience for people, and being helpful for quick emission of smoke and environmental protection. The utility model can use coal and firewood as a fuel separately, and completely and reasonably utilize the local resources, thereby reducing fuel cost. The utility model has the advantages of compact structure, convenient operation, high durability and wide application in countryside and at home.

Description

The energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of coal and firewood two purpose
Technical field
The utility model relates to the liquid furnace of cooking a meal, and relates in particular to the energy-conservation dual-purpose liquid furnace of cooking a meal of not only available coal but also available bavin.
Background technology
As everyone knows, cook a meal liquid furnace owing to have simple to operate, not only economy but also economical characteristics.Therefore, the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is generally used in the special cottar family in the vast town and country of China.People are constantly through the technological improvement to the liquid furnace of cooking a meal, the liquid furnace product of cooking a meal is brought in constant renewal in and is regenerated, from the ordinary steel slab furnace, enamelling kiln, the cold galvanizing stove, Hot zinc Permeated furnace develops into the stainless steel stove, aluminum-alloys furnace etc., have independent use coal-fired, independent use bavin material is also arranged, normalized form is varied, but they also have some problems: the one, in the vast rural area of China because abundant fire coal and cheap bavin material resource are arranged, different according to seasonal variations and operating position, for the fuel saving cost, numerous residents are at the general fire coal that uses in winter, and want to use the bavin material in summer, thereby reach the purpose of fuel saving cost, the obviously existing liquid furnace of cooking a meal is can not satisfy not only available fire coal simultaneously but also with the requirement of bavin material; The 2nd, because the grate of the existing liquid furnace of cooking a meal fixedly installs, the height in burner hearth fuel combustion zone is constant relatively, and when air door is in when closing dormant state, the water temperature needs that are positioned at the boiler around the burner hearth just can slowly raise for a long time; When air door is in when opening and using state, can raise though be positioned at the water temperature of the boiler around the burner hearth, programming rate is fast not enough, and therefore, the constant relatively liquid furnace combustion zone height of cooking a meal is unfavorable for that the interior water of boiler is rapidly heated; Be that the existing bavin that burns is cooked a meal liquid furnace in order to guarantee that firewood and stockhole are at a distance of unsuitable big far away again, in order to avoid influence cooking effect, it can only be designed to horizontal with burning the bavin liquid furnace of cooking a meal, and with push pedal bavin is advanced, the liquid furnace smoke discharging effect of cooking a meal of this horizontal is not very good, and lime-ash is discharged inconvenient.
The utility model content
The problem that exists in use at the liquid furnace of cooking a meal in the above-mentioned prior art, the utility model provide a kind of can be according to hot water amount what and seasonal variations, regulate combustion chamber and grate upper-lower position, thereby control the water programming rate, not only can burn coal but also can burn bavin, the energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of the coal and firewood two purpose of practical environmental protection.
The utility model will solve the technical scheme that technical problem takes: the energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of described coal and firewood two purpose comprises table, thermal insulator, water tank, grate and combustion chamber, described water tank is positioned at the thermal insulator inboard, be respectively arranged with the hot water valve of water outlet and the cold valves of water inlet at water tank upper and bottom, in water tank, be provided with the cylindrical duct that links into an integrated entity with tank seal, the upper and lower side of cylindrical duct extend out to respectively outside water tank end face and the bottom surface, be provided with the side blast pipe in the cylindrical duct lower end side, be provided with the upper blast pipe that passes water tank bottom in the cylindrical duct upper end, be provided with lower blast pipe in the cylindrical duct lower end, down smoke-discharging Guan Yiduan that described upper blast pipe and lower blast pipe one end are outer with reaching thermal insulator and blower outlet are connected by the bull globe valve and are integral, grate is provided with the elevating mechanism of grate height in the adjustable pitch circle bobbin, grate is provided with movable combustion chamber, is provided with the annular flue that communicates with last smoke exhaust pipe between table and thermal insulator.
The course of work of the present utility model is:
1, adopting fire coal is fuel, when the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is in dormant state, cover bell, according to the hot water use amount what, suitably open the side blast pipe, and utilize elevating mechanism to regulate the combustion chamber upper-lower position, when needs use the hot water amount for a long time, combustion chamber is dropped to extreme lower position, combustion zone, coal-fired top area is increased, the waste heat of combustion zone passes to water tank by cylindrical duct, simultaneously hot flue gas by the upper blast pipe that is positioned at water tank after flue gas cool-down, and water temperature rises, and by control bull globe valve, upper blast pipe is communicated with the down smoke-discharging pipe, and flue gas discharges from the down smoke-discharging pipe
2, adopting fire coal is fuel, when the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is in user mode, take bell away, put cooker, all open the side blast pipe, and utilizing elevating mechanism adjusting combustion chamber to rise to the extreme higher position, control bull globe valve makes upper blast pipe communicate with the down smoke-discharging pipe, flue gas discharges from annular flue and the last smoke exhaust pipe on the boiler face, the down smoke-discharging pipe is given combustion zone secondary oxygen supply by upper blast pipe, makes coal-fired fully burning
3, adopting faggot is fuel, when the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is in the use shape, takes bell and combustion chamber away, close the side blast pipe, in combustion chamber, place faggot, light faggot, put cooker, control bull globe valve communicates fan outlet simultaneously with upper blast pipe and lower blast pipe, start blower fan, wind enters up and down in the cylindrical duct from cylindrical duct, makes the prosperous burning of faggot, in use, heat transfer by the cylindrical duct inwall heats up the water in the water tank, and flue gas discharges from annular flue and last smoke exhaust pipe on the boiler face simultaneously
4, adopting faggot is fuel, when the liquid furnace of cooking a meal does not use, closes blower fan, cover bell, suitably open the side blast pipe, control bull globe valve, upper blast pipe is communicated with the down smoke-discharging pipe, make the faggot burner exhaust heat pass to water tank, hot flue gas is discharged from the down smoke-discharging pipe by upper blast pipe cooling back, has made full use of waste heat, also clean hygiene in the holding chamber, if will advance the internal orifice Close All, remaining spent bavin material can become charcoal, gives over to standby.
The utility model is compared with the existing liquid furnace of cooking a meal has following characteristics:
1, body of heater is outer can be regulated on the elevating mechanism of grate height owing to grate is supported on, grate and combustion chamber can be moved up and down, upper-lower position by control combustion chamber and grate, but the temperature of water in the regulating tank, no matter be, can what use reasonably regulate combustion chamber and grate height and position according to season and hot water amount, thereby can control the velocity magnitude that water temperature rises in the water tank with fire coal or faggot, bring great convenience to people
2, since in water tank, be provided with not only can ventilate, but also the upper blast pipe that can discharge fume, hot flue gas is during by the upper blast pipe in the water tank, the heat of hot flue gas can be passed to the water in the water tank; can accelerate the intensification of water; simultaneously reduce flue-gas temperature again, helped the rapid discharge and the environmental protection of flue gas
But 3, adopt the vertical structure of grate and combustion chamber oscilaltion, dust discharged from the side blast pipe from top to down in an orderly manner, improved the use working environment,
4, according to seasonal variations and indigenous fuel kind situation, can use coal-fired and faggot fuel separately, fully rationally utilize the indigenous fuel resource, thereby reduce fuel cost,
5, the utility model compact conformation is easy to operate, and durability is strong, is widely used in rural household and uses.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a sectional structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
In the drawings, 1, table 2, cylindrical duct 3, thermal insulator 4, water tank 5, side blast pipe 6, grate 7, the tube end 8, motion bar 9, hinge 10, support bar 11, lever 12, air blast 13, bull globe valve 14, lower blast pipe 15, cold valves 16, down smoke-discharging pipe 17, hot water valve 18, upper blast pipe 19, go up smoke exhaust pipe 20, annular flue 21, bell 22, combustion zone 23, combustion chamber 24, grate 25, fairlead
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1, the energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of described coal and firewood two purpose comprises table 1, thermal insulator 3, water tank 4, grate 6 and combustion chamber 23, described combustion chamber 23 is positioned at extreme lower position in Fig. 1, described water tank 4 is positioned at thermal insulator 3 inboards, described water tank is with stainless steel or aluminum alloy materials manufacturing, be respectively arranged with and extraneous water outlet hot water valve that communicates 17 and water inlet cold valves 15 at water tank upper and bottom, be provided with in the middle of the water tank and the tank weld all-in-one-piece cylindrical duct 2 that is tightly connected, the cylindrical duct upper end is opened wide, at the bottom of the cylindrical duct lower end is connected with tin 7, described cylindrical duct is used and the manufacturing of water tank same material, it is concordant with thermal insulator that the cylindrical duct upper end extend out to the water tank end face, the cylindrical duct lower end is passed thermal insulator and is reached in the grate 6, be provided with side blast pipe 5 in the cylindrical duct lower end side, near the cylindrical duct upper end, be provided with the upper blast pipe 18 that passes water tank and thermal insulator bottom, upper blast pipe one end is close to tank inner wall and is communicated with combustion zone 22, cylindrical duct bottom outside thermal insulator is provided with lower blast pipe 14, with bull globe valve 13 with the upper blast pipe other end, lower blast pipe other end down smoke-discharging pipe 16 one ends and air blast 12 air outlets outer with being positioned at thermal insulator link together, air blast is fixed on the grate 6, a rotary spool is arranged in the described bull globe valve 13, the anglec of rotation of control bull globe valve inner spool, when blower outlet communicated with upper blast pipe and lower blast pipe, air outlet closed mutually with the down smoke-discharging pipe; When air outlet and lower blast pipe, upper blast pipe and down smoke-discharging Guan Douxiang closed, upper blast pipe 18 communicated with down smoke-discharging pipe 16.Grate is provided with the elevating mechanism of grate 24 and combustion chamber height and position about in the of 23 in the adjustable pitch circle bobbin, elevating mechanism used in the present embodiment adopts lever-type structure, certainly also can adopt gear driven type or sprocket-type structure, the elevating mechanism of described lever-type structure comprises fairlead 25, motion bar 8, lever 12, support bar 10 and hinge 9, at the bottom of passing tin, described motion bar upper end is movably connected with grate, be with fairlead 25 at motion bar 8 epimeres, the motion bar lower end is connected with hinge 9, on hinge, be connected with lever 11, be connected with support bar 10 near on the lever of hinge one end, the support bar other end is fixed on the cylindrical duct lower end, grate 24 is provided with movable combustion chamber 23, between table 1 and thermal insulator 3, be provided with the annular flue 20 that communicates with last smoke exhaust pipe 19, when the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is in dormant state, with bell 21 the annular flue between table and the thermal insulator is sealed, the liquid furnace of cooking a meal is treated the time spent, and hot flue gas is input in the down smoke-discharging pipe 16 by the upper blast pipe 18 that communicates with combustion zone 22 and pass water tank 4 inner chambers and discharges in its cylindrical duct.

Claims (2)

1, the energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of coal and firewood two purpose, it comprises table (1), thermal insulator (3), water tank (4), grate (6) and combustion chamber (23), described water tank (4) is positioned at thermal insulator (3) inboard, be respectively arranged with the hot water valve (17) of water outlet and the cold valves (15) of water inlet at water tank upper and bottom, it is characterized in that: in water tank, be provided with the cylindrical duct (2) that links into an integrated entity with tank seal, the upper and lower side of cylindrical duct extend out to respectively outside water tank end face and the bottom surface, be provided with side blast pipe (5) in the cylindrical duct lower end side, be provided with the upper blast pipe (18) that passes water tank bottom in the cylindrical duct upper end, be provided with lower blast pipe (14) in the cylindrical duct lower end, down smoke-discharging pipe (16) one ends that described upper blast pipe and lower blast pipe one end are outer with reaching thermal insulator and air blast (12) air outlet are connected by bull globe valve (13) and are integral, grate (6) is provided with the elevating mechanism of grate (24) height in the adjustable pitch circle bobbin, grate is provided with movable combustion chamber (23), is provided with the annular flue (20) that communicates with last smoke exhaust pipe (19) between table and thermal insulator.
2, the energy-conservation liquid furnace of cooking a meal of coal and firewood two purpose according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described elevating mechanism comprises fairlead (25), motion bar (8), lever (12), support bar (10) and hinge (9), at the bottom of passing tin, described motion bar upper end is movably connected with grate, be with fairlead (25) at motion bar (8) epimere, the motion bar lower end is connected with hinge (9), on hinge, be connected with lever (11), be connected with support bar (10) near on the lever of hinge one end, the support bar other end is fixed on the cylindrical duct lower end.
CNU2008200536926U 2008-07-10 2008-07-10 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal CN201237254Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200536926U CN201237254Y (en) 2008-07-10 2008-07-10 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU2008200536926U CN201237254Y (en) 2008-07-10 2008-07-10 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201237254Y true CN201237254Y (en) 2009-05-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103175225A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-06-26 黄元善 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove
CN106016253A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 福建南平荣田机械制造有限公司 Top cyclone burning method and device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103175225A (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-06-26 黄元善 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove
CN106016253A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-10-12 福建南平荣田机械制造有限公司 Top cyclone burning method and device

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GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20090513

Termination date: 20110710