CN103175225B - Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove - Google Patents

Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103175225B
CN103175225B CN201310067564.2A CN201310067564A CN103175225B CN 103175225 B CN103175225 B CN 103175225B CN 201310067564 A CN201310067564 A CN 201310067564A CN 103175225 B CN103175225 B CN 103175225B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grate
burner hearth
stove
energy
frame
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CN201310067564.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103175225A (en
Inventor
黄元善
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黄元善
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Priority to CN201310067564.2A priority Critical patent/CN103175225B/en
Publication of CN103175225A publication Critical patent/CN103175225A/en
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Publication of CN103175225B publication Critical patent/CN103175225B/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

Disclosed is an energy-gathering and energy-saving stove. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove comprises a stove body, a waste heat stove hot water bowl and a hot water storage tank. The stove body is composed of a multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), a stove bar frame (10), a detachable water jacket smoke tube (11), a hearth lower tray (18), stove legs (17) with height adjustable and a stove bar lifting crank (12). The stove bar frame (10) is installed in the multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), the stove bar lifting crank (12) penetrates through the multi-hole smoke discharge hearth (13), and gears (25) on the stove bar lifting crank (12) are meshed with teeth on rack holes (22) on the surface of the stove bar frame (10). According to the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove, the position of the a stove bar can be adjusted according to needs so that the size of the hearth can be changed to be suitable for firing coal or firing wood and honeycomb briquette; and the position of the stove bar frame can be changed through the stove bar lifting crank to meet requirements of barbecue. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove can be used for cooking, frying and the barbecue, waste heat can be used for boiling water, and therefore multiple energy sources can be used in the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove, and the energy-gathering and energy-saving stove has multiple functions. The energy-gathering and energy-saving stove is suitable for life of residents in vast rural areas and villages and towns.

Description

A kind of cumulative saving furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cumulative saving furnace, belong to Civil energy-saving cooking stove technical field.
Background technology
Existing Civil energy-saving cooking stove has liquefied gas furnace, coal stove, wood stove etc.Liquefied gas furnace is used for greatly the cities and towns of liquefied gas, natural gas supply; And vast rural area, small towns is mainly with coal stove or wood stove.Existing coal stove and wood stove are through updating, there is more saving furnace, these energy-saving stoves, consider to transform the structure of stove and accessory and the technical scheme that proposes from UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN aspect mostly, but lack and be a kind ofly applicable to vast rural households and can cooking of small commercial is cooked, can heat again, boil water, bathing, can also roast; Both can burn bavin, also can burn bulk coal and the cooking stove of honeycomb briquette.The present invention is according to the weak point of existing coal stove, wood stove, propose a kind of new combined type cumulative saving furnace, assemble various different fuel for this saving furnace, and its thermal efficiency is high, it can be used for cooking, cook, heat up water and roasting, can family's indoor heating, bathing be given again, be applicable to use with the rural area of coal or bavin and small town citizen or small-sized eating house.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is, according to the shortcoming can only burning single variety of energy sources that existing coal stove and wood stove in use exist; The defect that existence can not be roasted etc.Open one can burn bavin, can burn coal and honeycomb briquette again; Can to cook dish (while dish of cooking, waste heat stove can be cooked, when not cooking for boiling water), supplying hot water, the cumulative saving furnace of barbecue can be manufactured again.
Technical scheme of the present invention is, cumulative saving furnace of the present invention is made up of body of heater, waste heat stove hot water Bowls and heat storage water tank, water pipe and smoke pipe.Body of heater is connected with heat storage water tank by smoke exhaust pipe, and waste heat stove hot water Bowls is connected with heat storage water tank by hot-water line, and the ball valve switch that pipeline is arranged can control the water temperature of hot water Bowls on waste heat stove flexibly.
Body of heater is made up of discharge fume burner hearth, grate frame, detachable water jacket smoke pipe, burner hearth lower tray, the adjustable stove pin of height and grate hi/local crank of porous.Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth is arranged in burner hearth lower tray, detachable water jacket smoke pipe is arranged on the peripheral top of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, water alms bowl is connected to the periphery of detachable water jacket smoke pipe through stainless steel three way type water pipe, grate frame is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, grate hi/local crank is through porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, and the gear in grate hi/local crank engages with the tooth in the rack bore on grate trestle face; The adjustable stove pin of height is arranged on below burner hearth lower tray, supports body of heater.
Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth and grate frame be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame is less than the internal diameter of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, and grate frame can move vertically in porous discharges fume burner hearth; Porous smoke evacuation upper furnace evenly has multiple exhaust smoke hole along the face of cylinder, and two circular holes passed for grate hi/local crank axle have been opened in bottom; Grate frame inwall is 120 ° of grate fixed blocks be mounted with for placing grate along the circumferential direction; The face of cylinder of grate frame has strip rack bore, the gear in grate hi/local crank can engage with the tooth in rack bore; Grate can be placed in any position of the rack bore of more than grate hi/local crank gear position by L shape installation gap.When grate frame inserts in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, grate hi/local crank is arranged on the circular hole of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, the tooth in gears meshing rack bore, rotating grate hi/local crank, grate frame rises along porous smoke evacuation burner hearth or declines.
Grate fixed block is strip, length direction tooth punching, not tooth punching, not tooth punching while recline be arranged on grate frame inwall, tooth punching is used for shelving grate.
" L " shape installation gap that grate is had by 120 °, its periphery, be fixed on the grate fixed block on grate frame inwall easily, the installation site of grate on grate frame determines the size of burner hearth, and grate installation site is more gone up, and furnace volume is less; Grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger.
Grate hi/local crank also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and when grate frame up shakes by grate hi/local crank, furnace volume reduces gradually; When grate frame down shakes by grate hi/local crank, furnace volume increases gradually.Difference is, grate is when black furnace for regulating the size of burner hearth, once stove has burnt up, grate is then inactive; And grate hi/local crank is the size that also can regulate burner hearth when hot stove.
Regulate the size of burner hearth to be actually the size changing burner hearth intake, the combustion conditions of stove can be changed thus.
The present invention's beneficial effect is compared with the prior art, the present invention, on the basis of existing saving furnace, by changing the structure of burner hearth, makes grate can adjust its position as required, to change the size of burner hearth, both can adapt to burn coal and honeycomb briquette, and also can adapt to burn bavin; By the grate hi/local crank of design, change the position of grate frame, thus the demand of barbecue can be adapted to.So saving furnace of the present invention both can burn coal and honeycomb briquette, also can burn bavin, adapt to the burning of various energy resources; Saving furnace of the present invention both can have been cooked cooking (waste heat stove simultaneously can be utilized to cook or for boiling water), and hot water supply function bathing again, also can be used for barbecue, achieve a stove multiple-energy-source, multipurpose.
The present invention is applicable to vast rural area, residents from villages and towns life uses, or is applicable to small towns small-sized eating and drinking establishment use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is cumulative saving furnace structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is cumulative saving furnace furnace binding schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is porous smoke evacuation burner hearth knot schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is grate shelf structure schematic diagram moving up and down;
Fig. 5 is grate structural representation;
Fig. 6 is grate fixed block;
Fig. 7 is grate hi/local crank;
Fig. 8 is grate, grate hi/local crank installation site schematic diagram;
Picture in picture number represents: 1 is body of heater; 2 is waste heat stove hot water Bowls; 3 is heat storage water tanks; 4 is ball valve switchs; 5 is the smoke pipes from body of heater to heat storage water tank; 6 is heat cycles water pipes; 7 is the cold water inlets being with ball valve; 8 is hot water outlets of heat storage water tank; 9 is heat storage water tank chimneys; 10 is grate framves; 11 is detachable water jacket smoke pipes; 12 is grate hi/local crank; 13 is porous smoke evacuation burner hearths; 14 is feeding port fire doors; 15 is honeycomb briquette air registers; 16 is that de-slag adjusts wind furnace door; The stove pin that 17 height are adjustable; 18 is burner hearth lower trays; 19 is cold water inlets; 20 is exhaust smoke holes; 21 is circular holes; 22 is rack bore; 23 is L shape installation gaps; 24 is grate holes; 25 is gears; 26 is grate hi/local crank axles; 27 is cranks; 28 is grates; 29 is grate fixed blocks; 30 is the two-in-one pipe joints being with valve.
Detailed description of the invention
The detailed description of the invention of cumulative saving furnace of the present invention as shown in Figure 1.
The present invention is specifically implemented as follows:
Cumulative saving furnace of the present invention is made up of to the smoke pipe 5 of heat storage water tank body of heater 1, waste heat stove hot water Bowls 2, heat storage water tank 3, heat cycles water pipe 6, the cold water inlet 7 of heat storage water tank, body of heater.Body of heater 1 passes through from body of heater to the connection of heat storage water tank 3, and the water jacket of detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11 is connected with waste heat stove hot water Bowls 2 and heat storage water tank 3 respectively by heat cycles water pipe 6.
Body of heater 1 is made up of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate frame 10, detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11, burner hearth lower tray 18, the adjustable stove pin 17 of height and grate hi/local crank 12.Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 is arranged in burner hearth lower tray 18, detachable water jacket smoke pipe 11 is arranged on the outer upper part of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate frame 10 is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, grate hi/local crank 12 is through porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, and the gear 25 in grate hi/local crank 12 engages with the tooth in the rack bore 22 on grate frame 10 cylinder; The adjustable stove pin 17 of height is arranged on below burner hearth lower tray 18, supports body of heater.
Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 and grate frame 10 be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame 10 is less than the internal diameter of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13, and grate frame 10 can move freely vertically in porous discharges fume burner hearth 13; Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 top evenly has multiple exhaust smoke hole 20 along the face of cylinder, two circular holes 21 passed for grate hi/local crank axle have been opened in bottom; Grate frame 10 inwall is 120 ° of grate fixed blocks 29 be mounted with for placing grate 28 along the circumferential direction; The face of cylinder of grate frame has rectangle rack bore, the gear in grate hi/local crank can engage with the tooth in rack bore; Grate 28 can be placed in any position of the above rack bore of grate hi/local crank gear 22 by L shape installation gap 23.When grate frame 10 insert porous smoke evacuation burner hearth 13 in, grate hi/local crank 12 is arranged on porous smoke evacuation burner hearth circular hole 21, the tooth on gear 26 engaging tooth cylindrical void 22, rotating grate hi/local crank 12, grate frame 10 can along porous discharge fume burner hearth rise or decline.
Grate fixed block 29 is strip, length direction tooth punching, not tooth punching, not tooth punching while recline be arranged on grate frame 10 inner cylinder face, tooth punching is used for shelving grate 28; The axial location being arranged on three grate fixed blocks 29 on grate frame inner cylinder face along grate frame inner cylinder face cylinder rectilinear direction is equidistant apart from grate frame end face.
Grate 28 is a circular grating structure, thick 3 ~ 5mm, formed by cast iron, its circumferential edge has 3 L shape installation gaps, three L shape installation gaps become 120 ° uniform, can be installed on the grate fixed block 29 that is fixed on grate frame 10 inwall easily, the installation site of grate 28 on grate frame 10 determines the size of burner hearth, grate installation site is more gone up, and furnace volume is less, may be used for burning loose coal or charcoal; Grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger, may be used for burning bavin or lump coal; Remove hand crank, grate is placed into burner hearth bottom, add a honeycomb coal stove core in grate frame and add isothermal holding, can honeycomb briquette be burnt.
Grate hi/local crank 12 also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and when grate frame 10 up shakes by grate hi/local crank 12, furnace volume reduces gradually; When grate frame 10 down shakes by grate hi/local crank 12, furnace volume increases gradually.Difference is, grate 28 is when black furnace for regulating the size of burner hearth, once stove has burnt up, grate is then inactive; And grate hi/local crank 12 is the sizes that also can regulate burner hearth when hot state of furnace, change burner hearth size, may be used for barbecue.
Detachable water jacket smoke pipe is round water jacket smoke exhaust pipe, and water jacket is drawn two heat cycles water pipes 6 and connect waste heat stove hot water Bowls 2 and heat storage water tank 3 respectively, and the pipeline of heat cycles water pipe 6 is all provided with ball valve switch joint 4; Also draw the two-in-one pipe joint 30 of a band valve from water jacket, wherein can be user in a pipe and decontrol water; Another root pipe connects bathing tap water pressure extruding flow pipe joint, provides cold water to water jacket.
The fume afterheat heating water jacket of cumulative saving furnace body of heater 1 of the present invention, water jacket hot water enters waste heat stove hot water Bowls by hot-water line 6, can boil water or steamed rice; Two heat cycles water pipes 6 are also connected with heat storage water tank, mutual circulation, and the cold water of heating heat storage water tank, for domestic bathing.Fume afterheat enters heat storage water tank 3 by smoke pipe 5; Waste heat stove hot water Bowls can control the water temperature of hot water Bowls on waste heat stove flexibly by the ball valve switch 4 that pipeline is arranged.Heat storage water tank 3 top is provided with water inlet pipe 7 and the bathing outlet pipe 8 of band ball valve.

Claims (4)

1. a cumulative saving furnace, comprise body of heater (1), waste heat stove hot water Bowls (2) and heat storage water tank (3), it is characterized in that, described body of heater (1) is made up of discharge fume burner hearth (13), grate frame (10), detachable water jacket smoke pipe (11), burner hearth lower tray (18), the adjustable stove pin (17) of height and grate hi/local crank (12) of porous; Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) is arranged in burner hearth lower tray (18), detachable water jacket smoke pipe (11) is arranged on porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) outer upper part, grate frame (10) is arranged in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate hi/local crank (12) is through porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), and the gear (25) in grate hi/local crank (12) engages with the tooth in the rack bore (22) on grate frame (10) cylinder; The adjustable stove pin (17) of height is arranged on burner hearth lower tray (18) and supports body of heater below;
Described porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) and grate frame (10) be all by steel plate be rolled into columnar structured, the external diameter of grate frame (10) is less than the discharge fume internal diameter of burner hearth (13) of porous, and grate frame (10) can move freely vertically in porous discharges fume burner hearth (13); Porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13) top evenly has multiple exhaust smoke hole (20) along the face of cylinder, two circular holes (21) passed for grate hi/local crank axle have been opened in bottom; Grate frame (10) inwall is 120 ° of grate fixed blocks (29) be mounted with for placing grate (28) along the circumferential direction; The face of cylinder of grate frame has the strip rack bore of tooth punching on one side, not tooth punching on one side, the tooth engagement on the wheel and rack hole in grate hi/local crank; Grate (28) can be placed in any position of the rack bore (22) of more than grate hi/local crank gear installation site by L shape installation gap (23); When grate frame (10) inserts in porous smoke evacuation burner hearth (13), grate hi/local crank (12) is arranged on the circular hole (21) of porous smoke evacuation burner hearth, tooth on gear (26) engaging tooth cylindrical void (22), rotating grate hi/local crank (12), grate frame (10) can along porous discharge fume burner hearth rise or decline.
2. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described grate (28) is a circular grating structure, formed by cast iron, its circumferential edge has 3 L shape installation gaps, three L shape installation gaps be circumferentially partitioned in grate face 120 ° uniform, can be fixed on the grate fixed block (29) on grate frame (10) inwall easily, the installation site of grate (28) on grate frame (10) determines the size of burner hearth, grate installation site is more gone up, furnace volume is less, for burning loose coal or charcoal; Grate installation site more under, furnace volume is larger, for burning bavin or loose coal; Remove hand crank, grate is placed into burner hearth bottom, add a honeycomb coal stove core in grate and add isothermal holding, for burning honeycomb briquette.
3. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described grate hi/local crank (12) also can change the amount of capacity of burner hearth, and when grate frame (10) up shakes by grate hi/local crank (12), furnace volume reduces gradually; When grate frame (10) down shakes by grate hi/local crank (12), furnace volume increases gradually; Grate hi/local crank (12) is the size regulating burner hearth when hot state of furnace, changes burner hearth size, for barbecue.
4. a kind of cumulative saving furnace according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described grate fixed block (29) is strip, length direction tooth punching on one side, not tooth punching on one side, reclining of not tooth punching is arranged on grate frame inner cylinder face, and tooth punching is used for shelving grate (28); The axial location being arranged on three grate fixed blocks (29) on grate frame inner cylinder face along grate frame inner cylinder face cylinder rectilinear direction is equidistant apart from grate frame end face.
CN201310067564.2A 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove CN103175225B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310067564.2A CN103175225B (en) 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310067564.2A CN103175225B (en) 2013-03-04 2013-03-04 Energy-gathering and energy-saving stove

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CN103175225A CN103175225A (en) 2013-06-26
CN103175225B true CN103175225B (en) 2015-07-15

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104457250B (en) * 2014-11-25 2017-01-18 张立明 Kiln
CN104896520A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-09 刘烜哲 Air return furnace waste heat recovery system
CN106556031A (en) * 2016-11-17 2017-04-05 刘开芹 Rotation warming stove
CN109458619A (en) * 2018-10-15 2019-03-12 佛山市思特四通化工有限公司 A kind of chemical industry environmental protection incinerator waste-heat recovery device

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2277496Y (en) * 1996-10-17 1998-04-01 六盘水市钟山机电修造厂 Honeycomb briquet stove
CN2494936Y (en) * 2001-07-30 2002-06-12 窦瑞波 Multi-purpose energy-saving stove
CN2539909Y (en) * 2002-02-06 2003-03-12 田宝森 Grate-lifting heating stove
US8151784B2 (en) * 2003-07-07 2012-04-10 Raymond Hubert Collapsible grill and stand
CN2800105Y (en) * 2005-05-28 2006-07-26 徐利成 Firewood and coal dual-purpose stove
CN2888318Y (en) * 2006-01-25 2007-04-11 王凤民 Multipurpose energy-saving water heating boiler with superconductive medium
CN201069181Y (en) * 2007-04-28 2008-06-04 肖昌发 Honeycomb coat furnace with lifting furnace gear
CN201242178Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-05-20 黄劲文 Multifunctional high-efficiency energy-saving environment protection smokeless firewood-saving range
CN201237254Y (en) * 2008-07-10 2009-05-13 欧阳辉利 Energy-saving cooking/bathing stove capable of using firewood or coal
CN203131868U (en) * 2013-03-04 2013-08-14 黄元善 Energy-gathered energy conservation furnace

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