CN103039174A - Profiling topping mechanism with self-cleaning function of beet harvester - Google Patents

Profiling topping mechanism with self-cleaning function of beet harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103039174A
CN103039174A CN2012105742920A CN201210574292A CN103039174A CN 103039174 A CN103039174 A CN 103039174A CN 2012105742920 A CN2012105742920 A CN 2012105742920A CN 201210574292 A CN201210574292 A CN 201210574292A CN 103039174 A CN103039174 A CN 103039174A
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China
Prior art keywords
cutting machine
spacer
machine structure
support bar
type base
Prior art date
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Pending
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CN2012105742920A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭宝良
胡志超
顾峰玮
吴惠昌
吴峰
王伯凯
王建楠
张会娟
王海鸥
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Nanjing Research Institute for Agricultural Mechanization Ministry of Agriculture
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Priority to CN2012105742920A priority Critical patent/CN103039174A/en
Publication of CN103039174A publication Critical patent/CN103039174A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A profiling topping mechanism with a self-cleaning function of a beet harvester comprises a profiling topping mechanism (1), and is characterized in that a self-cleaning assembly (2) is mounted on a support (101) of the profiling topping mechanism (1). The profiling topping mechanism has the advantages that the self-cleaning assembly is mounted at the rear end of the profiling topping mechanism of the beet harvester, so that beet tops accumulated on the topping mechanism can be timely cleaned and removed, and are prevented from being blocked in the profiling topping mechanism to cause breakage of machines.

Description

Sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with self-cleaning function
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically is exactly a kind of sugarbeet harvester, especially relates to the profiling top-cutting machine structure of the sugarbeet harvester with self-cleaning function.
Background technology
Agricultural production is as the primary industry, for any countries and regions in the world, it all is the key basic activity that concerns national economy and the people's livelihood, from existing archaeological materials, before modern 10,000 to 4000 years, China just begins to carry out agricultural production, to before 5000 or six thousand years, the primitive farming of China Huanghe valley further develops, enter the extensive agricultural production epoch, the Spring and Autumn and the Warring States Periods, along with sledge, the appearance of the operating types such as Niu Geng, people begin to enter intensive cultivation period, and northern traditional farming society forms, continue more than 1,000 year, enter modern times and be accompanied by scientific and technological development, modern agriculture just forms gradually, and also on the whole the agricultural production history with China is similar for the agricultural production history of other parts of the world and country.
Especially follow the explosive growth of world population, the craft of tradition farming practices, the mode of production of manpower, animal power can't satisfy the extensive high efficiency production that adapts to modern agricultural production, various agricultural machinery have just been produced in this way, agricultural machinery refers in crop-planting industry and livestock breeding production process, and employed various machineries in farming, animal product preliminary working and the processing procedure.Agricultural machinery comprises that farm power machinery, farmland construction are mechanical, soil cultivating machine, plantation and fertilizer machinery, plant protection mechanism, farmland discharging-irrigating machinery, crop harvesting machine, agricultural product processing machinery, livestock breeding machinery and farm transportation machinery etc.The agricultural machinery of broad sense also comprises the agricultural sideline occupations machineries such as forestry machinery, fishery machinery and silkworm and mulberry, bee-keeping, edible fungi cultivation.Common rice transplanter for example, reaping machine etc., reaping machine is invented by the Sai Lesi Kelly McCormick.It is the machinery of integrated harvesting crops for reaping machine.Disposablely finish harvesting, threshing, and grain is focused on repository, then by conveyer belt grain is being transported on the transport vehicle.Also available hand harvest is laid in the field with the straws of the crops such as paddy and wheat, and then picks up threshing with cereal harvesting machinery.The crop harvesting machine of the harvesting cereal seed such as paddy and wheat and stalk.Comprise reaping machine, swather, mow binder, combine harvester and grain separator etc.Cereal harvesting machinery is to grow up on the basis of various harvestings, threshing instrument.Use for reference the principle of grain harvesting machine, the crops of modern most of establishing in large scale have special-purpose reaping machine, wherein sugarbeet harvester is exactly wherein a kind of, beet You Ming Chard dish, originate in European western part and Southern Coast, being transplanted to Spain from Sweden, is a main sugar source beyond the tropical sugarcane.Leaf also is a kind of vegetables.In worldwide, extensively planted now, gather in season at beet, utilizing sugarbeet harvester harvesting beet is numerous vegetable growers' only choosing, at present, sugarbeet harvester has ability of " defoliation, excavation, cleaning, entrucking " one continuous line work, therefore namedly conceives, sugarbeet harvester removes beet tops in the field disposable exactly, excavate and be embedded in the beet root that people need in the soil, then remove the clay on beet surface by rolling, entruck and carry away at last.
The course of work of existing sugarbeet harvester is that tractor drives towed sugar beet combine and moves ahead, one-stop operation two row, and harvesting delegation finishes before leaving and cuts the top and once beat leaf (front and back).During harvesting, automatically to row threshing machine structure finish secondary beat leaf (about), and feeler moves ahead along the ridge, the sensor of its installation detects in real time to be regulated facility and advances to row; Left and right sides rolling colter firming rotation is in time cut off weeds and the cauline leaf that mutually involves between adjacent lines together, in case the stop machine device is obstructed because the seedling grass twines; During digger blade shovels at a certain angle and buries, the floating root that loosens the soil, chain bar rake send beet root simultaneously, cooperates with auxiliary conveyer belt clamping the piece root is delivered to rear cleaning conveying plant; Slanting baffle imports palisade disc type slewing equipment to the piece root on the conveying plant through clearing up later, and the part cauline leaf weeds of thereupon carrying secretly are dialled roll row through revolution and go out outside the machine; The piece root overturns in palisade disc type slewing equipment, and the soil of further clearing up attaching surface is assorted, is promoted to simultaneously the top conveying plant, through the carrier chain dispatch to feed bin.After bin is filled, facility are stopped to the edge of a field, realize feed bin upset discharging by tractor hydraulic system control hoist cylinder.Beet is cut in the operation process of top, beats blade rotary, rejects the beet top that topper cutter downcuts, and along with the beet top of downcutting is more and more, the quilt between the blade is cut cumulative the resulting in blockage in top, the operation smoothness is impacted, even interrupt blade.
Summary of the invention
Technical barrier to be solved by this invention is to stop up the defective that causes fracture for the easy cut beet top of existing sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure, a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function is provided, cleaning mechanism is installed on it, the beet tops that accumulates on the top-cutting machine structure is in time cleaned out, avoided the beet top to stop up and caused the machine fracture.
Technical scheme
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention designs a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function, and it comprises profiling top-cutting machine structure, it is characterized in that: on the support of described profiling top-cutting machine structure the self-cleaning assembly is installed;
Described self-cleaning assembly comprises left spacer and right spacer, left spacer and right spacer are fixed together the composition support bar, support bar one end is contained in the left diamond-type base bearing, the other end passes right diamond-type base bearing and is installed in the roller chain wheel, cleaning plate fixedly is housed on the described support bar, have the installation keyway on the roller chain wheel, left diamond-type base bearing and right diamond-type base bearing are separately fixed on two lateral surfaces of support of profiling top-cutting machine structure, support bar passes the installation notch on two lateral surfaces of support, cleaning plate with beat blade and hand over mutually and insert.
Described cleaning plate stretches into beats blade 880~120mm, cleaning plate with beat interlobate distance at 40~60mm.
Described cleaning plate quantity is 6~13.
Described left spacer and right spacer are welded and fixed the composition support bar that links together.
Described support bar one end is contained in the left diamond-type base bearing, and the other end passes on the termination of right diamond-type base bearing and is fixedly connected with right little spacer, and right little spacer is installed in the roller chain wheel.
Described roller chain wheel is screwed in support bar termination or right septulum cover termination, between described screw and the right septulum cover termination packing ring is housed.
Beneficial effect
The present invention installs the self-cleaning assembly at the front end of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure, the in time cleaning of beet tops of overstocking in top-cutting machine structure rear end can be removed, and has avoided the beet top to be blocked in the profiling top-cutting machine structure, causes the machine fracture.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is product figure of the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 2 is cleaning assembly product figure among the present invention.
Accompanying drawing 3 is structural representations of cleaning assembly among the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention will be further described.
Embodiment
Shown in accompanying drawing 1,2 and 3, a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function, it comprises profiling top-cutting machine structure 1, on the support 101 of described profiling top-cutting machine structure 1 self-cleaning assembly 2 is installed;
Described self-cleaning assembly 2 comprises left spacer 201 and right spacer 202, left spacer 201 and right spacer 202 are fixed together and form support bar 3, support bar 3 one ends are contained in the left diamond-type base bearing 4, the other end passes right diamond-type base bearing 5 and is installed in the roller chain wheel 6, on the described support bar 3 cleaning plate 7 is housed fixedly, have on the roller chain wheel 6 keyway 601 is installed, left diamond-type base bearing 4 and right diamond-type base bearing 5 are separately fixed on two lateral surfaces of support 101 of profiling top-cutting machine structure 1, support bar 3 passes the installation notch 101a on two lateral surfaces of support 101,101a ', cleaning plate 7 with beat blade 8 and hand over mutually and insert.
Described cleaning plate 7 stretches into beats blade 880~120mm, and cleaning plate 7 and the distance of beating 8 in blade are at 40~60mm.
Described cleaning plate 7 quantity are 6~13.
Described left spacer 201 and right spacer 202 are welded and fixed to link together and form support bar 3.
Described support bar 3 one ends are contained in the left diamond-type base bearing 4, and the other end passes and is fixedly connected with right septulum cover 9 on the termination of right diamond-type base bearing 5, and right septulum cover 9 is installed in the roller chain wheel 6.
Described roller chain wheel 6 is screwed in support bar 3 terminations or right septulum overlaps 9 terminations, between described screw and the right septulum cover termination 8 packing ring 10 is housed.
When beet is cut the top operation, beat blade rotary, reject the beet top that topper cutter downcuts, the cleaning plate 7 that is installed in cleaning assembly 2 on the support 101 rotates in time to clean out to accumulate in beats interlobate beet top, has avoided the beet top to be blocked in the profiling top-cutting machine structure, causes the machine fracture.

Claims (6)

1. sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function, it comprises profiling top-cutting machine structure (1), it is characterized in that: on the support (101) of described profiling top-cutting machine structure (1) self-cleaning assembly (2) is installed;
Described self-cleaning assembly (2) comprises left spacer (201) and right spacer (202), left spacer (201) and right spacer (202) are fixed together and form support bar (3), support bar (3) one ends are contained in the left diamond-type base bearing (4), the other end passes right diamond-type base bearing (5) and is installed in the roller chain wheel (6), the upper cleaning plate (7) that fixedly is equipped with of described support bar (3), have on the roller chain wheel (6) keyway (601) is installed, left diamond-type base bearing (4) and right diamond-type base bearing (5) are separately fixed on two lateral surfaces of support (101) of profiling top-cutting machine structure (1), support bar (3) passes the installation notch (101a on two lateral surfaces of support (101), 101a '), cleaning plate (7) with beat blade (8) and hand over mutually and insert.
2. a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described cleaning plate (7) stretches into beats blade (8) 80~120mm, cleaning plate (7) and beat distance between blade (8) at 40~60mm.
3. a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that: described cleaning plate (7) quantity is 6~13.
4. a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described left spacer (201) and right spacer (202) are welded and fixed to link together and form support bar (3).
5. a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structure with clearing function as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described support bar (3) one ends are contained in the left diamond-type base bearing (4), the other end passes on the termination of right diamond-type base bearing (5) and is fixedly connected with right little spacer (9), and right little spacer (9) is installed in the roller chain wheel (6).
6. such as claim 1 or 5 described a kind of sugarbeet harvester profiling top-cutting machine structures with clearing function, it is characterized in that: described roller chain wheel (6) is screwed in support bar (3) termination or right little spacer (8) termination, between described screw and the right septulum cover termination (9) packing ring (10) is housed.
CN2012105742920A 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Profiling topping mechanism with self-cleaning function of beet harvester Pending CN103039174A (en)

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CN2012105742920A CN103039174A (en) 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Profiling topping mechanism with self-cleaning function of beet harvester

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CN2012105742920A CN103039174A (en) 2012-12-26 2012-12-26 Profiling topping mechanism with self-cleaning function of beet harvester

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107801471A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 青岛农业大学 Adaptive beet topping machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008064856A1 (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-06-05 Franz Kleine Vertriebs & Engineering Gmbh Self-propelled loading and cleaning device for root crops, especially for sugar beet
CN201718202U (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-01-26 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Beet topping machine
CN102124859A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-07-20 西北农林科技大学 Beet harvester
CN202222147U (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-05-23 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Disc copying type beet topping machine
CN203015454U (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-06-26 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Shape top-cutting mechanism of beet harvester with self-cleaning function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008064856A1 (en) * 2006-11-28 2008-06-05 Franz Kleine Vertriebs & Engineering Gmbh Self-propelled loading and cleaning device for root crops, especially for sugar beet
CN201718202U (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-01-26 黑龙江北大荒众荣农机有限公司 Beet topping machine
CN102124859A (en) * 2011-01-06 2011-07-20 西北农林科技大学 Beet harvester
CN202222147U (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-05-23 中机美诺科技股份有限公司 Disc copying type beet topping machine
CN203015454U (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-06-26 农业部南京农业机械化研究所 Shape top-cutting mechanism of beet harvester with self-cleaning function

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107801471A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 青岛农业大学 Adaptive beet topping machine
CN107801471B (en) * 2017-10-31 2023-02-14 青岛农业大学 Self-adaptive beet topping machine

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Application publication date: 20130417