CN102907235A - Method for growing shiny-leaved yellowhorn in quick-sand and desertification regions - Google Patents

Method for growing shiny-leaved yellowhorn in quick-sand and desertification regions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102907235A
CN102907235A CN2012104406265A CN201210440626A CN102907235A CN 102907235 A CN102907235 A CN 102907235A CN 2012104406265 A CN2012104406265 A CN 2012104406265A CN 201210440626 A CN201210440626 A CN 201210440626A CN 102907235 A CN102907235 A CN 102907235A
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China
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yellow horn
water
area
shiny
sand
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CN2012104406265A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷自强
李芳红
张哲�
赵帅
王辉
马国富
魏博
王小亮
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Northwest Normal University
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Northwest Normal University
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Abstract

The invention provides a method for growing shiny-leaved yellowhorn in quick-sand and desertification regions. The method comprises the following steps of: soaking the root of shiny-leaved yellowhorn nursery stock into a 2-6% rooting powder aqueous solution, planting the nursery stock into a pit the area of which is not less than 50*50cm<2>, placing a water-retaining agent absorbing enough water into the pit, then covering with soil for 1-2cm, fertilizing, slightly lifting the nursery stock, then covering with soil again, treading to be firm and watering; or carrying out bud forcing treatment on shiny-leaved yellowhorn seeds, planting umbilici into a pit of which the area is not less than 50*50cm<2> broadways, and placing a water-retaining agent absorbing enough water into the pit, covering fat soil for 1-1.5cm, fertilizing, covering soil again, treading to be firm and watering. The plating experiment in quick-sand and desertification regions in Ninxia shows that the rate of emergence of the shiny-leaved yellowhorn can be 99%, the rate of survival can be 95%, and the shiny-leaved yellowhorn grows well. The method provided by the invention can be used for realizing the aims of fixing quick sands, beautifying the environment and improving the quick sands and soil, and at the same time, the method also can be used for bringing good economic benefits for people in desert zone, and improving the living environment and financial situation of people in desert zone.

Description

The method of drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn
Technical field
The invention belongs to the shrub field of planting, relate to a kind of implantation methods of yellow horn, relate in particular to the method for a kind of drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn.
Background technology
Yellow horn has another name called civil official fruit, Wen Guangguo, pawpaw etc., and belong to the Sapindaceae yellow horn and belong to machaka or arbor, be the distinctive a kind of good woody edible oil material seeds of China.Grow up trees up to 8 meters, and the diameter of a cross-section of a tree trunk 1.3 meters above the ground can reach 90 centimetres, and the age of tree can reach more than 200 years.Yellow horn is intolerant tree species, and adaptability is extremely strong, have that root is dark, drought-enduring, well developed root system, the root width of cloth are long, main root obviously, cold-resistant and anti-half characteristics such as shady, go deep into vertically downward soil lower floor, can absorb soil deep water divides, and can grow under the extreme drought condition.The yellow horn whole body is precious, and the average oil content of its kind benevolence is more than 60%, and improved seeds can reach more than 72%; Its wood quality is good, is in particular in that structure is hard, density is large, unity and coherence in writing is clear, color and luster is beautiful, is to can be used for making top-grade furniture, handicraft, indoor decoration; Its kind shell is one of ideal material of making active carbon; It is good animal feed that waste residue behind kind of the benevolence residual oil contains 25.75% protein and a large amount of raw fiber; Its tree tender leaf contains protein 19.8%-23%, and content is higher than black tea, and content of caffeine is near jasmine tea, and alternative tealeaves is made beverage after stewing stir-fry processing, and refrigerant tasty and refreshing; Yellow horn flower fragrance is tempting, pattern is bright-coloured, the florescence reaches nearly 1 month, and A Na is colourful for the tree type, is the landscape tree that ornamental value is arranged very much, can breed woods for sightseeing tour, also can be set to potted landscape, puts to have very much artistry in the family.
At present, the artificial planting yellow horn is mainly selected level land, terraced fields, ground, gentle slope etc., the characteristics in these soils be soil property mainly take loessal soil, black earth soil as main, rainfall is more, moisture keeps better.Common implantation methods has two kinds of transplanted seedling tree afforestation and direct seeding forestations.The planting time spring and autumn all can, but take spring as main.But in drift sand area, desertificated area, because the reason such as annual rainfall is few, and water retention capacity is poor causes yellow horn to be difficult to germinate, even germinate, survival rate is also very low, and growth conditions is bad, and the output of fruit is extremely low.
There is large-area desert and Gobi in the NORTHWEST CHINA area, and arid and semi-arid area, the gross area reach 130.8 ten thousand square kilometres, accounts for 13.6% of the national soil gross area.Wherein nefied accounts for 45.3%, and sand ground accounts for 11.2%, and the Gobi desert accounts for 43.5%.In nefied and sand ground area, active dune account for 62.4%, and semifixed, fixed dune accounts for 33.6%, and blowland accounts for 4%.These areas throughout the year rainfalls are rare, and soil drought is lived in such regional farmers' income low, and living environment is abominable.There is serious threat in migrating dune to peripheral good farmland, village and city.In order to protect ecology and to improve local resident's income, must fix the sand and the advantages for development sand industry.Therefore, in the drift sand area and economic implications and the ecological significance of serious desertification area efficient plantation yellow horn with reality.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of method at drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn.
The method of drift sand of the present invention and desertificated area plantation yellow horn, be with the root of yellow horn nursery stock the root-inducing powder aqueous solution soaking of mass concentration 2 ~ 6% 1.5 ~ 2.5 hours, plant in area and be not less than 50 * 50cm 2The hole in, and place the water-loss reducer suction water, 1 ~ 2cm centimetre of lid earthing, sapling is gently carried in fertilising, covers earthing again, treads, and waters; Or the yellow horn seed is carried out vernalization process (germination accelerating method is seen the forestry industry standard LY/T 1943-2011 of the People's Republic of China (PRC)), the hilum side direction is planted in area and is not less than 50 * 50cm 2The hole in, and in the hole, place the water-loss reducer suction water, cover loam 1 ~ 1.5cm, earthing is covered in fertilising again, treads, and waters.
Described root-inducing powder can adopt the ABT root-inducing powder, powerful board root-inducing powder, the root-inducing powders such as Mu Sen board root-inducing powder.
Described water-loss reducer can adopt cellulose graft acrylic compound water-loss reducer, starch-grafted acrylic compound water-loss reducer etc.
The planting depth of yellow horn nursery stock is exposed overburden layer with rhizome and is advisable outward; The planting depth of yellow horn seed is 3 ~ 5 cm.
In order to ensure in each hole the seed that germinates and survive being arranged, sowing yellow horn seed is 2 in every hole, and the seed spacing is not less than 15cm.
The present invention is by drift sand area and desertificated area experimental planting for many years in Ningxia, and the yellow horn emergence rate reaches 99%, and survival rate reaches 95%, and tree vigor is good.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
1, at drift sand area plantation yellow horn; fix drift sand on the one hand, beautified environment; local soil soil property has been improved, on the other hand for the ecotope that progressively recovers drift sand area and desertificated area lays the foundation in village, city and can cultivate the farmland and do not encroached on around having protected.
2, for the husky district people have brought good economic benefit, improved the husky district people's living environment and economic situation.
Embodiment
Below by specific embodiment method and the effect of drift sand of the present invention area and desertificated area plantation yellow horn are waken up with a start detailed description.
Embodiment 1, drift sand area plantation yellow horn (spring or autumn)
(1) sand-protecting barrier is set: adopt the engineering tune fixing method, on the drift sand surface sand-protecting barrier is set.The sand-protecting barrier material is generally gathered materials on the spot, and can be not less than for various straws (length is greater than 30cm), diameter the chad of 5cm, the environment-friendly materials such as various clays.Sand-protecting barrier height 15 ~ 20cm, sand-protecting barrier thickness 8 ~ 12cm.The sand-protecting barrier set-up mode is circular, hexagon, and rhombus or square etc., unit are is 1.5 ~ 3 cm 2
(2) processing of yellow horn nursery stock: the root of yellow horn nursery stock is immersed in 4% the root-inducing powder aqueous solution approximately 2 hours.
(3) plantation of yellow horn nursery stock: in the sand-protecting barrier that arranges, dig area and be not less than 50 * 50cm 2, dark 30 ~ 50cm the hole, in the hole, place first 5 kilograms of loam and 2 kilograms of farmyard manures (farmyard manure and loam are mixed evenly), then put again 1 kilogram of the water-loss reducer that suctions water, then nursery stock is positioned on the water-loss reducer, about lid earthing 1cm, executes urea 50 grams, phosphate fertilizer 100 grams, gently carry sapling, cover again about earthing 2cm (earthing expose outside the soil layer with rhizome be advisable), tread, water 5 kilograms.
(4) tracing observation: after 5 months, the survival rate of yellow horn nursery stock reaches 95%.Tree vigor is good: plant increases 4 ~ 7cm, the thick 0.1 ~ 0.25cm of leading thread, 2 ~ 4 of pumping long shoots.
Embodiment 2, desertification environment area plantation yellow horn (spring or autumn)
(1) germination hastening method of yellow horn seed (the forestry industry standard LY/T 1943-2011 of the People's Republic of China (PRC));
(2) plantation of yellow horn seed: in growing area, dig 50 * 50 cm 2, dark 35cm the hole, place 5 kilograms of loam and 2 kilograms of farmyard manures (farmyard manure and loam are mixed evenly) in every hole, water first once, wait that the soil epidermis is little to loosen the soil after dried; Put again the environmental friendliness water-loss reducer 1kg that suctions water, and above water-loss reducer, cover loam 1cm.Then will urge the yellow horn seed of bud to be positioned on the loam, note the hilum side direction, 2 of every hole sowings, every seed spacing is not less than 15cm; Broadcast the loam about rear covering 1cm, execute urea 50 grams, phosphate fertilizer 100 grams, and then about 2 centimetres of earthing, tread, fill with permeable.
(3) tracing observation: after 20 days, the yellow horn percentage of seedgermination reaches 93%; After 5 months, the survival rate of yellow horn reaches 95%.Tree vigor is good: plant height 13 ~ 17cm, the thick 1 ~ 1.5cm of leading thread, 4 ~ 7 of pumping long shoots.

Claims (5)

1. the method for drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn, be with the root of yellow horn nursery stock the root-inducing powder aqueous solution soaking of mass concentration 2 ~ 6% 1.5 ~ 2.5 hours, plant in area and be not less than 50 * 50cm 2The hole in, and place the water-loss reducer suction water, 1 ~ 2cm centimetre of lid earthing, sapling is gently carried in fertilising, covers earthing again, treads, and waters;
Or the yellow horn seed is carried out vernalization process, the hilum side direction is planted in area and is not less than 50 * 50cm 2The hole in, and in the hole, place the water-loss reducer suction water, cover loam 1 ~ 1.5cm, earthing is covered in fertilising again, treads, and waters.
As claimed in claim 1 drift sand and desertificated area the plantation yellow horn method, it is characterized in that: described water-loss reducer is cellulose graft acrylic compound water-loss reducer or starch-grafted acrylic compound water-loss reducer.
As claimed in claim 1 drift sand and desertificated area the plantation yellow horn method, it is characterized in that: the planting depth of yellow horn nursery stock is exposed overburden layer with rhizome and is advisable outward.
As claimed in claim 1 drift sand and desertificated area the plantation yellow horn method, it is characterized in that: the planting depth of described yellow horn seed for from the earth's surface 3 ~ 5 cm.
5. the method for drift sand and desertificated area plantation yellow horn as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: sow 2 in yellow horn seed every hole in, the seed spacing is not less than 15cm.
CN2012104406265A 2012-11-07 2012-11-07 Method for growing shiny-leaved yellowhorn in quick-sand and desertification regions Pending CN102907235A (en)

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Cited By (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988672A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-20 师海全 Method for building shiny-leaved yellow horn tea garden and cultivating shiny-leaved yellow horn
CN106105990A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 大连民族大学 A kind of cultural method of xeothermic area Lignum Xanthoceratis
CN107494185A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-22 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 A kind of arid area nursery stock transplanting method
CN109769547A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-05-21 北京林业大学 A kind of sandbag circle radix saposhnikoviae etching method in sandy land afforestation
CN110235673A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry high yield
CN110235671A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of crack in beam
CN110754276A (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-02-07 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Transplanting method of xanthoceras sorbifolia seedlings in desert soil

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103988672A (en) * 2014-05-12 2014-08-20 师海全 Method for building shiny-leaved yellow horn tea garden and cultivating shiny-leaved yellow horn
CN103988672B (en) * 2014-05-12 2016-08-31 甘肃长瑞文冠果产业发展有限公司 A kind of shiny-leaved yellowhorn tea place is built and shiny-leaved yellowhorn cultural method
CN106105990A (en) * 2016-07-14 2016-11-16 大连民族大学 A kind of cultural method of xeothermic area Lignum Xanthoceratis
CN107494185A (en) * 2017-07-25 2017-12-22 武汉法雅园林集团有限公司 A kind of arid area nursery stock transplanting method
CN110235673A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of Kiwi berry high yield
CN110235671A (en) * 2018-03-10 2019-09-17 重庆铺力农业股份合作社 A kind of implantation methods of crack in beam
CN110754276A (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-02-07 中国石油天然气股份有限公司 Transplanting method of xanthoceras sorbifolia seedlings in desert soil
CN109769547A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-05-21 北京林业大学 A kind of sandbag circle radix saposhnikoviae etching method in sandy land afforestation

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Application publication date: 20130206