CN102898187A - Method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms - Google Patents

Method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102898187A
CN102898187A CN2012104469194A CN201210446919A CN102898187A CN 102898187 A CN102898187 A CN 102898187A CN 2012104469194 A CN2012104469194 A CN 2012104469194A CN 201210446919 A CN201210446919 A CN 201210446919A CN 102898187 A CN102898187 A CN 102898187A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
earthworm
garbage
earthworms
matrix
bucket
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Application number
CN2012104469194A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
包效诚
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包效诚
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Publication date
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Priority to CN2012104469194A priority Critical patent/CN102898187A/en
Publication of CN102898187A publication Critical patent/CN102898187A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of garbage treatment, and particularly relates to a method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms. According to the method, 3-4 holes are drilled in the bottom of a garbage can or a plastic bucket, growth matrix for earthworms is arranged in the garbage can or the plastic bucket, the distance between the matrix and the mouth of the garbage can or the plastic bucket is longer than 10cm, the garbage can or the plastic bucket is put in a plastic basin containing water, and earthworms are put into the plastic basin and bred in the shadow; and the matrix is composed of 60% of household garbage and 40% of saw dust. By adopting the method disclosed by the invention, the household garbage can be effectively digested and treated; the daily household garbage of common families is about 2000g, therefore, 1000g of earthworms are enough for treating the garbage; and the garbage treated by the earthworms is good organic fertilizer, and can be used for planting flowers in houses or used in flower beds of residence communities, thereby beautifying the environment.

Description

A kind of method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage
Technical field
The invention belongs to the refuse treatment field, be specifically related to a kind of with the method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage.
Background technology
At present people are to the processing mode of domestic waste or be to burn, or are landfill, but in fact, dual mode all can cause very large pollution to environment.Because the water content of rubbish from cooking is very high, if burn, can reduce the incinerator temperature, the incinerator temperature is low to produce toxic gas to a certain degree just easy, if landfill, although organic substance wherein could be decomposed by the microorganism in the Nature, if but untimely to the disposal that carries out disinfection of landfill material and landfill place, it is smelly to be easy to corruption, grows the vectors such as mosquito, fly, roach, and the pollution of air, water source and soil is exactly such vicious cycle.
There is the domestic refuse of the Sydney Olympic Games 2000 of reporting to finish by 1,600,000 dealing with earthworms.' deluxe hotel, South Africa--restaurant, Nelson mountain is provided with one " earthworm farm " near the room president suite, deliver to there with the food garbage in several tons of leftovers leftovers and kitchen every day, swallows processing by thousands of earthworms.Also have a lot of local with dealing with earthworm cow dung and pig manure.
If the quantity of refuse that our each family abandons every day has reduced, especially the easily rotten smelly quantity of refuse of pluck, dish leaf, melon and fruit peel and so on has reduced, our residential quarter and urban environment can be finer, but breeding earthworm is subject to the restriction of various conditions in the family, does not still have at present suitable method allow the domestic refuse of our each family of dealing with earthworm.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the problem of breeding earthworm processing domestic refuse in the family, the invention provides a kind of simple method, can be widely used in the processing of family domestic garbage.
Method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage of the present invention is 3-4 the hole of bucket subdrilling with refuse container or plastic bucket, loads onto the matrix of earthworm growth in the bucket, matrix from bung apart from more than the 10cm, bucket is placed in the plastic tub of dress water, throws in earthworm, and cultivate at shady place; Described matrix is comprised of 60% domestic refuse and 40% wood chip.
In the inventive method, the kind of described earthworm is large flat No. two.The consumption of throwing in earthworm is controlled at the 1000th gram matrix 500 gram earthworms and is advisable.
Pass through the inventive method, digestion process family domestic garbage effectively, general family domestic refuse every day is about 2000g, therefore raising the 1000g earthworm just can process, the rubbish that dealing with earthworm is complete or good organic fertilizer, can be used for planting the flowers and plants of family, perhaps can use in the flower bed of residential quarter, make our environment more beautiful.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the speed curve diagram of earthworm breeding.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
One, earthworm introduces a fine variety
The earthworm of just having introduced a fine variety will be placed in the wormcast, before being put in the bucket earthworm is being separated, and earthworm is special kind-red earthworm, and health is in vegetative period.
Two, the substrate preparation test of earthworm life
Be divided into 5 groups with 10 buckets, every bucket is put 100 earthworms into, and size is basically identical, and every group of earthworm is weighed as 46-51g, about every earthworm 0.5g,
First group: 100% domestic refuse (dish leaf, pericarp)
Second group: 80% domestic refuse+20% wood chip
The 3rd group: 60% domestic refuse+40% wood chip
The 4th group: 40% domestic refuse+60% wood chip
The 5th group: 20% domestic refuse+80% wood chip
Observation after one week, and get immediately 20 and weigh, the result is such as table 1:
Table 1. different substrates test preparation
Grouping Substrate formula The earthworm mortality ratio Article 20, weightening finish
First group 100% domestic refuse 93% ——
Second group 80% domestic refuse+20% wood chip 12% 4g
The 3rd group 60% domestic refuse+40% wood chip 0 16g
The 4th group 40% domestic refuse+60% wood chip 0 7g
The 5th group 20% domestic refuse+80% wood chip 23% 2g
As seen, be conducive to the earthworm survival and growth most with 60% domestic refuse+40% wood chip configuration matrix, the earthworm happiness is dark, happiness is moist, happiness is quiet, happiness is warm, sweet, the tart flavour of happiness.100% domestic refuse possibility excess moisture, and temperature is higher during the fermentation, the earthworm mortality; 20% domestic refuse+this group of 80% wood chip may be moisture very little, too dry, earthworm is also dead easily; Therefore the Household garbage bin breeding earthworm preferably mixes 60% domestic refuse and 40% wood chip the most suitable.
Three, the speed trial of earthworm breeding
Utilize 60% domestic refuse+40% wood chip as matrix, 2 barrels of breeding earthworms drop into 100, cultivate for 7 weeks, weekly counting.
The first week: 121; Second week: 157; The 3rd week: 210; 4th week: 256; The 5th week: 325; The 6th week: 422; The 7th week: 530.(such as Fig. 1)
As seen as long as condition is fit to, the earthworm reproduction speed is very fast, and the earthworm that is in the growth and breeding phase is 530 by 100 breedings in 7 weeks, and breeding potential surpasses 30% weekly.
Four, earthworm is to the processing power of rubbish.
With 10 barrels of optimal matrix breeding earthworms, be divided into 5 groups, 200 every barrel, the average out to 102g that weighs, the domestic refuse of the different amounts of throwing something and feeding, 1 week of day-night observation, result such as table 2:
Table 2. earthworm is to the processing power of rubbish
From interpretation, 200 earthworm body weight are at 102g, and every day can digestion process 200g domestic refuse, and the amount that domestic refuse is thrown something and fed is sufficient, and the speed of growth is just faster; Along with the increase of earthworm from heavy sensation of the whole body, the ability of their digestion process rubbish also strengthens, and maximum processing power is 2 times of its body weight about 260g generally.General family domestic refuse every day is about 2000g, therefore raises the 1000g earthworm and just can process, and the rubbish that dealing with earthworm is complete or good organic fertilizer can be used for planting the flowers and plants of family, perhaps can use in the flower bed of residential quarter.

Claims (3)

1. the method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage is 3-4 the hole of bucket subdrilling with refuse container or plastic bucket, loads onto the matrix of earthworm growth in the bucket, matrix from bung apart from more than the 10cm, bucket is placed in the plastic tub of dress water, throws in earthworm, and cultivate at shady place; Described matrix is comprised of 60% domestic refuse and 40% wood chip.
2. the method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage according to claim 1 is characterized in that the earthworm injected volume is controlled at the 1000th gram matrix 500 gram earthworms.
3. the method with the dealing with earthworm family domestic garbage according to claim 1 is characterized in that described earthworm is large flat No. two earthworms.
CN2012104469194A 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms CN102898187A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN2012104469194A CN102898187A (en) 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104469194A CN102898187A (en) 2012-11-09 2012-11-09 Method for treating household garbage by adopting earthworms

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103371128A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-10-30 凤阳县豉乡食品有限公司 Method for manufacturing earthworm feeding substrates
CN104621049A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-05-20 绵阳安智圣达创意科技有限公司 Earthworm breeding device utilizing kitchen garbage
CN105181945A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-23 仁怀市城北中学 Research method for influence of distiller's grains lixivium on earthworm growth
CN109047298A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 广东惜福环保科技有限公司 Centralized kitchen garbage is classified digestion process

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1911865A (en) * 2005-08-12 2007-02-14 中国农业大学 Method of producing active nutritional fertilizer using old domostic garbage
CN101305768A (en) * 2008-07-02 2008-11-19 上海格邦环境科技有限公司 Method for producing animal protein feedstuff by processing restaurant garbage using angleworm
CN101337836A (en) * 2008-08-12 2009-01-07 天津师范大学 Method for enriching heavy metal from domestic garbage compost and regulating pH value of compost by earthworm

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1911865A (en) * 2005-08-12 2007-02-14 中国农业大学 Method of producing active nutritional fertilizer using old domostic garbage
CN101305768A (en) * 2008-07-02 2008-11-19 上海格邦环境科技有限公司 Method for producing animal protein feedstuff by processing restaurant garbage using angleworm
CN101337836A (en) * 2008-08-12 2009-01-07 天津师范大学 Method for enriching heavy metal from domestic garbage compost and regulating pH value of compost by earthworm

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
杨文霞等: "果皮、菜叶混合垃圾的蚯蚓堆制处理", 《生态与农村环境学报》 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103371128A (en) * 2013-07-16 2013-10-30 凤阳县豉乡食品有限公司 Method for manufacturing earthworm feeding substrates
CN104621049A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-05-20 绵阳安智圣达创意科技有限公司 Earthworm breeding device utilizing kitchen garbage
CN105181945A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-23 仁怀市城北中学 Research method for influence of distiller's grains lixivium on earthworm growth
CN109047298A (en) * 2018-09-30 2018-12-21 广东惜福环保科技有限公司 Centralized kitchen garbage is classified digestion process

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Application publication date: 20130130