CN102747785A - Fire-proof thermal insulation sandwich board mounting component for ceiling and mounting method thereof - Google Patents

Fire-proof thermal insulation sandwich board mounting component for ceiling and mounting method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102747785A
CN102747785A CN2012102142440A CN201210214244A CN102747785A CN 102747785 A CN102747785 A CN 102747785A CN 2012102142440 A CN2012102142440 A CN 2012102142440A CN 201210214244 A CN201210214244 A CN 201210214244A CN 102747785 A CN102747785 A CN 102747785A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
ceiling
parts
sandwich board
sandwiched plate
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CN2012102142440A
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丁华明
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SHENZHEN MINGYUAN BUILDING MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN MINGYUAN BUILDING MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2012102142440A priority Critical patent/CN102747785A/en
Publication of CN102747785A publication Critical patent/CN102747785A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/24Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation
    • Y02A30/244Structural elements or technologies for improving thermal insulation using natural or recycled building materials, e.g. straw, wool, clay or used tires

Abstract

The invention provides a rockwool sandwich board or phenol formaldehyde resin sandwich board mounting component special for a building ceiling or an inverted vertical plane of a building, reaching fire protection level A, and a mounting method thereof to achieve the effects of quick mounting, safety and firmness aiming at the defects existing in the prior art. The fire-proof thermal insulation sandwich board mounting component for ceiling comprises a rockwool sandwich board or phenol formaldehyde resin sandwich board, a bonding agent, special adhesive mortar, an anchoring part, an expansion bolt, a polyurethane foam joint filling agent, fiber glass grid cloth, anti-crack mortar and elastic plaster. Safety, firmness and obvious decorative, thermal insulation and energy conservation effects are achieved by mounting the fire-proof thermal insulation sandwich board of the ceiling or the inverted vertical plane using the method provided by the invention. Compared with other methods, the mounting cost is low and the mounting is quick and convenient.

Description

A kind of fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component and mounting method thereof that is used on the ceiling
Technical field
Application of the present invention relates to a kind of fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component and mounting method thereof that is used for the built on stilts of building ceiling or not heating upper space floor, contact chamber, bottom surface outer air or chooses floor outward, belongs to building material technical field.
Background technology
The insulation of making somebody a mere figurehead or choosing floor outward of building ceiling or not heating upper space floor, contact chamber, bottom surface outer air is not when having clear and definite fire protection requirement; The general employing earlier on ceiling with adhesive mortar paste polystyrene warming plate; Fix with the plastics crab-bolt of band disk then, carry additionally the cracking resistance glass fiber net again, do coatings decoration after batch scraping the levelling protection mortar.
After 2011 No. 65 files of the Ministry of Public Security stipulate that clearly above-mentioned position need reach the fire protection requirement of A level; Most engineerings generally are to adopt the successively artificial charge of going up of fireproof heat insulating mortar (is main with glass bead) to scrape to the thickness of regulation; Carry additionally the cracking resistance glass fiber mesh afterwards again, do coatings decoration after batch scraping the moistureproof putty of levelling.Coefficient of thermal conductivity is high because the fireproof heat insulating mortar exists itself, heavy defective; Cause its thickness that will reach energy-conservation requirement to greatly increase, this has increased the weight of the deadweight of insulation layer greatly, influenced by deadweight; Use through certain hour; Its adhesion strength and splitting resistance all can't meet the demands, and the phenomenon that comes off and ftracture must occur, with staying serious potential safety hazard and influencing heat insulation effect.
More utilization has appearred in rockwool sandwich board, discloses a kind of rock wool sandwich PLASTIC LAMINATED in the existing technology, is made up of protected apron, substrate and built-in rock wool sandwich; Protected apron is corresponding at interval two-layer color steel; The bonding respectively substrate that is provided with in its inboard, the protected apron both sides are the closing seam shape, and the inboard both sides of substrate correspondence inserts and puts and is provided with the support stud; Protected apron both sides of the edge correspondence is provided with the primary and secondary interface, but itself and be not suitable for being used in ceiling etc. and fall on the vertical plane.
Summary of the invention
Application of the present invention promptly is to the above-mentioned weak point that exists in the prior art; A kind of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate installation component and mounting method thereof of reaching fire prevention A level that is specifically designed to the vertical plane of building ceiling or building is provided, to reach effect quick for installation, that safety is firm.
Specifically; The described fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling of application of the present invention; Comprise rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate, interfacial agents, special-purpose adhesive mortar, anchoring piece, expansion bolt, cranny filler of polyurethane foam, glass fiber reticular cloth, anticracking grout and bouncing putty, the characteristic and the correlation of each several part are following:
1, described rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate are made up of panel, base plate and the laminboard layer between panel and base plate; Said panel is the calcium silicates panel by the thick middle-high density of 6~8mm (for 1.2 ~ 1.4 times of the density of water), and described laminboard layer is that thickness is that (unit weight of phenolic aldehyde is 60 ~ 80kg/m for rock wool or the phenolic resins heat insulating material of 5.5 ~ 9mm 3, the unit weight of rock wool is 120 ~ 150kg/m 3) process, described base plate be 4~6mm thick in the glass magnesium plate of density (density is 0.8 ~ 1.2 times of density of water), between panel, base plate and the laminboard layer through the two component polyurethane glue bond and use the cold press composite molding;
2, interfacial agents is by comprising 80 ~ 120 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 180 parts of quartz sands, 2 ~ 3 parts of high efficiency water reducing agents; 1 ~ 2 part of efficient hydrophober, 0.5 ~ 2 part of lignocellulosic, 1 ~ 2 part of cellulose ether; 0.8 ~ 1.5 part of early strength admixture; 60 ~ 100 parts of compositions of self-cross linking type cementing agent, its roller coat or brush on concrete ceiling or other fall vertical plane is to strengthen rockwool sandwich board or the special-purpose adhesive mortar of phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the adhesion of basal plane;
3, special-purpose adhesive mortar is by 80 ~ 120 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 180 parts of quartz sands, 2 ~ 3 parts of high efficiency water reducing agents, 0.5 ~ 2 part of lignocellulosic, 0.5 ~ 2 part of cellulose ether, 15 ~ 30 parts of bi-component binding materials of forming of self-cross linking type cementing agent; Mainly be rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate to be adhered to ceiling or other fall on the vertical plane, and permanent adhesion stress is provided;
4, anchoring piece is by corrosion resistant plate stamping forming " U " type spare; Its both wings respectively have a fixed platform; A circular hole that supplies to connect expansion bolt is arranged at the bottom of " U " shape, and its effect is that the panel of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and base plate are fixed on the ceiling;
5, expansion bolt is with " anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel;
6, cranny filler of polyurethane foam is a PV monocomponent moisture cure type gap filler, constructs in the plate of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate and installs in the hole that stays behind the anchoring piece, rises and fills and insulation effect;
7, glass fiber reticular cloth is the latticed cloth of being processed by glass fiber, on plate that is covered in rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate, plays the effect that prevents slab-joint cracking;
8, anticracking grout is by 70 ~ 90 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 150 parts of quartz sands, 0.5 ~ 2 part of wood fibre, 1 ~ 5 part of polypropene staple, 20 ~ 40 parts of light fillers, 15 ~ 30 parts of binding materials of forming of acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes on the panel of mounted rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate; Hide the plate seam of installation and the vestige of anchoring piece, and prevent to tie generation crack, seam place;
9, bouncing putty is formed one pack system bonding inserts for 20 ~ 30 parts by 5 ~ 8 parts of inorfils, 20 ~ 30 parts of light fillers, 30 ~ 40 parts in aggregate, 0.5 ~ 2 part of auxiliary agent, acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes the surface in anticracking grout; Play the effect of auxiliary cracking resistance and filling surface gaps, carry out coatings decoration for the back and lay foundation, bouncing putty mainly is to be used for making up a deficiency the metope slit; Because it has certain force of strain; Influenced by temperature, humidity and external force etc. in the metope slit, and changing thereupon, metope the slit can not occur.
In the present patent application, dual-component polyurethane adhesive is a most important big class in the polyurethane adhesive, and purposes is wide, consumption is big, is made up of two components of first, second usually, and two components are separately to pack, and get final product according to certain proportional arrangement before using.First component (host) is a hydroxy component; Second component (curing compound) is for containing the component of free isocyanate groups group; The host that also has is the base polyurethane prepolymer for use as of end group NCO; Curing compound is low molecular weight polyols or polyamine, and first component and second component are mixed the generation polyurethane resin by a certain percentage, and various dual-component polyurethane adhesives all can be through commercially available acquisition.
The Admixture that under the essentially identical condition of concrete slump, can reduce batched water significantly is called high efficiency water reducing agent; First generation high efficiency water reducing agent---naphthyl high efficiency water reducing agent and melamine resin base high efficiency water reducing agent are to develop early 1960s; Because performance is significantly improved than ordinary water-reducing agent, thereby the super plasticizer that is otherwise known as.Second generation high efficiency water reducing agent is a sulfamate, though be in chronological order at third generation high efficiency water reducing agent---and after the polycarboxylic-acid.And existing sulfonic group has carboxylic acid group's graft copolymer then is most important in the third generation high efficiency water reducing agent, and performance also is the high-performance water reducing agent of most excellent.
Graft copolymer is the product that is formed through graft copolymerization by two or more monomers; Have the performance of main chain and side chain concurrently; Can connect various vinyl monomers (like styrene etc.) like natural rubber, graft copolymer had wear-resistingly, anti-subdue, performance such as ageing-resistant and high tensile.
Hydrophober is the agent of external wall waterproof special-purpose water-proof; It is mainly used in ceramic tile seam waterproof such as ceramic tile external wall waterproof (spraying), washroom, kitchen, balcony; The application of concrete wall surface, ceramic tile, stone material, timber, cement face and road surface waterproof, especially ancient building repair (site of ancient culture remains of temple, church, state guarantee) has antiacid alkali, ageing-resistant, anti-carbonization, the accumulation of salt in the surface soil, protection against the tide, mildew-resistant etc.Commonly used have waterproofing agent of organosilicon, concrete waterproofer, mortar waterproof agent and an inorganic aluminate water-proof agent, and its component is prior art, and all can be through commercially available acquisition.
Early strength admixture is one of Concrete admixtures, and concrete early strength agent is meant and can improves early age strength of concrete, and the Admixture that later strength is not made significant difference, and the main effect of early strength admixture is to quicken hydrated cementitious speed, promotes the development of early strength on the coagulation.Early strength admixture can be divided into three types of the compound complex accelerators of inorganic salts, organic matter class, organic class and inorganic matter according to chemical composition, and the component of various early strength admixture is prior art, and all can be through commercially available acquisition.Common inorganic salts early strength admixture has chloride, sulfate, nitrite, carbonate etc., for example calcium chloride, sodium chloride, sodium sulphate, calcium sulfate, nitrite natrium etc.; Organic type of early strength admixture is commonly used has triethanolamine, calcium formate; Complex accelerator can be the compound of inorganic material and inorganic material, also can be compound or organic material and inorganic material compound of organic material and organic material, and is better with triethanolamine and inorganic salt type complex accelerator effect, uses the widest.
The self-cross linking type adhesive is to contain the group that the strand self intersection is joined, routine methylol (CH in the molecule 2-OH), epoxy radicals (CH-CH 2), also possess a NMA (CH that can participate in copolymerization simultaneously 2=CH-CONHCH 2OH) or GMA (CH 2=C-COOCH 2-CH-CH 2), with other monomer copolymerizations the time, to open two keys and participate in reaction, common self-cross linking type adhesive all can be through commercially available acquisition, for example the self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion.
Further, the thickness of described anchoring piece is 1.5mm, and its both wings respectively have the fixed platform of a 15 * 11mm, and the diameter of the circular hole of the bottom of " U " shape is 5-8mm.
Further, described expansion bolt is that " U " type anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel, and diameter is 6mm, and length is 80mm.
Further, the density of described glass fiber reticular cloth is 160g/cm 2, its width is 25 centimetres.
Light filler commonly used is a light weight concrete construction; Normally the foaming agent aqueous solution is prepared into foam with mechanical means; Foam is joined in the slip of compositions such as containing siliceous material, calcareous material, water and various Admixtures, a kind of porous material through mixing stirring, moulding by casting, maintenance form contains a large amount of blind bores crack owing in the foam concrete again; Therefore it has good physical and mechanical property, can be through commercially available acquisition.
Elastic acrylate class emulsion is meant and adds an amount of soft monomer to reduce Tg (vitrification point); And utilize the interaction of the specific functional groups that function monomer or oligomer had that adds to form ehter bond, ester bond or amide group; Perhaps form the C-C key of macromolecular chain through the addition between two keys; Formation has one type of acrylic acid ester emulsion of little cross-linked structure; Acrylic elastic emulsion is a paint field reagent commonly used, for example the acrylic elastic emulsion of commodity JRC-II by name.
Aggregate is the granular loose material that in concrete, plays skeleton or filling effect, is divided into two kinds of coarse aggregate and finess, and coarse aggregate comprises cobble, rubble, waste residue etc., and fines comprises middle fine sand, flyash etc.
Auxiliary agent is the indispensable component of building materials field, and it can improve production technology, keeps stable storage, improves execution conditions, improves the quality of products, and gives specific function.Rationally the right selection auxiliary agent can reduce cost, and increases economic efficiency.Common auxiliary agent comprises drier, flexibilizer, emulsifier, thickener, antifoaming agent, levelling agent, anti-skinning agent, stabilizing agent, mould inhibitor etc., all can be through commercially available acquisition.
Another purpose of application of the present invention provides the above-mentioned mounting method that is used for the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component on the ceiling, comprises following step:
1. cleaning impurity in steel concrete ceiling bottom surface is removed greasy dirt or remover;
2. basal plane planeness inspection requires the planeness deviation less than 3mm;
3. the roller coat special interface agent is together in the steel concrete ceiling;
4. earlier on rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate, use opening bit, get out the circular hole that diameter is 25mm, circular hole drills calcium silicates panel and heat insulating material, does not drill glass magnesium plate base plate, and perforate quantity is 6/m 2The rectangle step that to leave two sizes on a horizon on circular hole next door on the panel then be 16 * 12mm; Its step plane is than big low 2mm of sheet material; This position is the permanent position of inserting of special-purpose " U " type anchoring piece, and " U " type anchoring piece not only can be fixed the panel of sandwiched plate but also can fix its base plate like this, makes it that very high safety arranged;
5. rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate are sticked on the steel concrete ceiling with special-purpose adhesive mortar; And fix with expansion bolt and special-purpose U type anchoring piece; 6 anchor points of every square meter, and with cranny filler of polyurethane foam fill up between the plate the slit with the formed cavity of anchoring piece is installed;
6. with anticracking grout levelling plate seam and the formed cavity of installation anchoring piece, the white latex in plate seam place pastes the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of 25cm along seam;
7. use the foam gap filler joint filling, the seam in anticracking grout levelling sandwiched plate and corner, the white latex of seam crossing, the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of edge seam subsides 25cm at rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate inner corner trim place (radially, hoop beam seaming position);
8. completely criticize the thick anticracking grout levelling of 5mm;
9. completely scrape exterior wall mildew-resistant bouncing putty three times (together thick putty, the fine and smooth son of twice);
10. roller coating mildew-proof latex paint three times (one priming paint, twice finish paint).
Adopt method of the present invention that ceiling is installed or fall the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate of vertical plane, safety firmly, decorate and heat preservation and energy conservation effects remarkable.It is low with respect to installation cost other method (like the dry-hanging keel method), convenience quick for installation.
The specific embodiment
Specify below in conjunction with each embodiment; Fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component and mounting method thereof to being used on the ceiling are described; Purpose is for the public better understands described content, but not limits it, all improvement of said assembly and mounting method thereof being carried out with identical or approximate principle; Comprise the shape, size, thickness of various structures, used material; And the improvement of technology in the mounting method, all to realize that basic identical effect is a purpose, then all within application of the present invention technical scheme required for protection.
Embodiment one
The described fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling; Comprise rockwool sandwich board, interfacial agents, special-purpose adhesive mortar, anchoring piece, expansion bolt, cranny filler of polyurethane foam, glass fiber reticular cloth, anticracking grout and bouncing putty, the characteristic and the correlation of each several part are following:
1, described rockwool sandwich board is made up of panel, base plate and the laminboard layer between panel and base plate; Said panel is the calcium silicates panel of the thick middle-high density of 6mm; Laminboard layer is that thickness is that the rock wool of 5.5mm is processed; Base plate is the glass magnesium plate of the thick middle density of 4mm, also uses the cold press composite molding through the two component polyurethane glue bond between panel, base plate and the laminboard layer;
2, interfacial agents is by comprising 80 parts of suitable positions, 100 parts of quartz sands, 2 parts of melamine resin base high efficiency water reducing agents; 1 part of waterproofing agent of organosilicon, 0.5 part of lignocellulosic, 1 part of cellulose ether; 0.8 part of nitrite; 60 parts of compositions of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion, its roller coat or brush on concrete ceiling or other fall vertical plane is to strengthen rockwool sandwich board or the special-purpose adhesive mortar of phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the adhesion of basal plane;
3, special-purpose adhesive mortar is by 80 parts of suitable positions, 100 parts of quartz sands, 2 parts of sulfamates, 0.5 part of lignocellulosic, 0.5 part of cellulose ether, 15 parts of bi-component binding materials of forming of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion; Mainly be rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate to be adhered to ceiling or other fall on the vertical plane, and permanent adhesion stress is provided;
4, anchoring piece is by corrosion resistant plate stamping forming " U " type spare; Its both wings respectively have a fixed platform; A circular hole that supplies to connect expansion bolt is arranged at the bottom of " U " shape, and its effect is that the panel of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and base plate are fixed on the ceiling, and the thickness of anchoring piece is 1.5mm; Its both wings respectively have the fixed platform of a 15 * 11mm, and the diameter of the circular hole of the bottom of " U " shape is 5mm;
5, expansion bolt is with " anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel;
6, cranny filler of polyurethane foam is a PV monocomponent moisture cure type gap filler, constructs in the plate of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate and installs in the hole that stays behind the anchoring piece, rises and fills and insulation effect;
7, glass fiber reticular cloth is the latticed cloth of being processed by glass fiber, on plate that is covered in rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate, plays the effect that prevents slab-joint cracking;
8, anticracking grout is by 70 parts of suitable positions, 100 parts of quartz sands, 0.5 part of wood fibre, 1 part of polypropene staple, 20 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 15 parts of binding materials of forming of acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes on the panel of mounted rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate; Hide the plate seam of installation and the vestige of anchoring piece, and prevent to tie generation crack, seam place;
9, bouncing putty is formed one pack system bonding inserts for 20 parts by 5 parts of inorfils, 20 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 30 parts of coarse aggregates (comprising cobble, rubble, waste residue), 0.5 part of emulsifier, acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes the surface in anticracking grout; Play the effect of auxiliary cracking resistance and filling surface gaps, carry out coatings decoration for the back and lay foundation, bouncing putty mainly is to be used for making up a deficiency the metope slit; Because it has certain force of strain; Influenced by temperature, humidity and external force etc. in the metope slit, and changing thereupon, metope the slit can not occur.
Embodiment two
The described fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling of application of the present invention; Comprise phenolic resins sandwiched plate, interfacial agents, special-purpose adhesive mortar, anchoring piece, expansion bolt, cranny filler of polyurethane foam, glass fiber reticular cloth, anticracking grout and bouncing putty, the characteristic and the correlation of each several part are following:
1, described phenolic resins sandwiched plate is made up of panel, base plate and the laminboard layer between panel and base plate; Said panel is the calcium silicates panel by the thick middle-high density of 8mm; Laminboard layer is that thickness is the phenolic resins heat insulating material of 9mm; Base plate is the glass magnesium plate of the thick middle density of 6mm, also uses the cold press composite molding through the two component polyurethane glue bond between panel, base plate and the laminboard layer;
2, interfacial agents is by comprising 120 parts of suitable positions, 180 parts of quartz sands, 3 parts of naphthyl high efficiency water reducing agents; 2 parts of inorganic aluminate water-proof agents, 2 parts of lignocellulosics, 2 parts of cellulose ethers; 1.5 parts of triethanolamines; 100 parts of compositions of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion, its roller coat or brush on concrete ceiling or other fall vertical plane is to strengthen rockwool sandwich board or the special-purpose adhesive mortar of phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the adhesion of basal plane;
3, special-purpose adhesive mortar is by 120 parts of suitable positions, 180 parts of quartz sands, 3 parts of naphthyl high efficiency water reducing agents, 2 parts of lignocellulosics, 2 parts of cellulose ethers, 30 parts of bi-component binding materials of forming of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion; Mainly be rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate to be adhered to ceiling or other fall on the vertical plane, and permanent adhesion stress is provided;
4, anchoring piece is by corrosion resistant plate stamping forming " U " type spare; Its both wings respectively have a fixed platform; A circular hole that supplies to connect expansion bolt is arranged at the bottom of " U " shape, and its effect is that the panel of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and base plate are fixed on the ceiling, and the thickness of anchoring piece is 1.5mm; Its both wings respectively have the fixed platform of a 15 * 11mm, and the diameter of the circular hole of the bottom of " U " shape is 8mm;
5, expansion bolt is with " anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel;
6, cranny filler of polyurethane foam is a PV monocomponent moisture cure type gap filler, constructs in the plate of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate and installs in the hole that stays behind the anchoring piece, rises and fills and insulation effect;
7, glass fiber reticular cloth is the latticed cloth of being processed by glass fiber, on plate that is covered in rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate, plays the effect that prevents slab-joint cracking;
8, anticracking grout is by 90 parts of suitable positions, 150 parts of quartz sands, 2 parts of wood fibres, 5 parts of polypropene staples, 40 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 30 parts of binding materials of forming of acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes on the panel of mounted rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate; Hide the plate seam of installation and the vestige of anchoring piece, and prevent to tie generation crack, seam place;
9, bouncing putty is formed one pack system bonding inserts for 30 parts by 8 parts of inorfils, 30 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 40 parts of finess (comprising middle fine sand, flyash), 2 parts of thickeners, acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes the surface in anticracking grout; Play the effect of auxiliary cracking resistance and filling surface gaps, carry out coatings decoration for the back and lay foundation, bouncing putty mainly is to be used for making up a deficiency the metope slit; Because it has certain force of strain; Influenced by temperature, humidity and external force etc. in the metope slit, and changing thereupon, metope the slit can not occur.
Embodiment three
Specifically; The described fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling of application of the present invention; Comprise rockwool sandwich board, interfacial agents, special-purpose adhesive mortar, anchoring piece, expansion bolt, cranny filler of polyurethane foam, glass fiber reticular cloth, anticracking grout and bouncing putty, the characteristic and the correlation of each several part are following:
1, described rockwool sandwich board is made up of panel, base plate and the laminboard layer between panel and base plate; Said panel is the calcium silicates panel by the thick middle-high density of 7mm; Described laminboard layer is that thickness is that the rock wool of 8mm is processed; Described base plate is the glass magnesium plate of the thick middle density of 5mm, also uses the cold press composite molding through the two component polyurethane glue bond between panel, base plate and the laminboard layer;
2, interfacial agents is by comprising 100 parts of suitable positions, 140 parts of quartz sands, 2.5 parts of sulfamates; 1.5 parts of mortar waterproof agents, 1.0 parts of lignocellulosics, 1.5 parts of cellulose ethers; 1.0 parts of triethanolamine and inorganic salt type complex accelerators; 80 parts of compositions of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion, its roller coat or brush on concrete ceiling or other fall vertical plane is to strengthen rockwool sandwich board or the special-purpose adhesive mortar of phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the adhesion of basal plane;
3, special-purpose adhesive mortar is by 90 parts of suitable positions, 30 parts of quartz sands, 2.5 parts of sulfamates, 1 part of lignocellulosic, 1 part of cellulose ether, 20 parts of bi-component binding materials of forming of self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion; Mainly be rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate to be adhered to ceiling or other fall on the vertical plane, and permanent adhesion stress is provided;
4, anchoring piece is by corrosion resistant plate stamping forming " U " type spare; Its both wings respectively have a fixed platform; A circular hole that supplies to connect expansion bolt is arranged at the bottom of " U " shape, and its effect is that the panel of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and base plate are fixed on the ceiling;
5, expansion bolt is with " anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel;
6, cranny filler of polyurethane foam is a PV monocomponent moisture cure type gap filler, constructs in the plate of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate and installs in the hole that stays behind the anchoring piece, rises and fills and insulation effect;
7, glass fiber reticular cloth is the latticed cloth of being processed by glass fiber, on plate that is covered in rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate, plays the effect that prevents slab-joint cracking;
8, anticracking grout is by 80 parts of suitable positions, 120 parts of quartz sands, 1 part of wood fibre, 3 parts of polypropene staples, 30 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 20 parts of binding materials of forming of acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes on the panel of mounted rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate; Hide the plate seam of installation and the vestige of anchoring piece, and prevent to tie generation crack, seam place;
9, bouncing putty is formed one pack system bonding inserts for 25 parts by 6 parts of inorfils, 25 parts of light weight concrete constructions, 35 parts of coarse aggregates (comprising cobble, rubble, waste residue), 1 part of flexibilizer, acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes the surface in anticracking grout; Play the effect of auxiliary cracking resistance and filling surface gaps, carry out coatings decoration for the back and lay foundation, bouncing putty mainly is to be used for making up a deficiency the metope slit; Because it has certain force of strain; Influenced by temperature, humidity and external force etc. in the metope slit, and changing thereupon, metope the slit can not occur.
Embodiment four
Installation component with embodiment three is an example, and the above-mentioned mounting method that is used for the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component on the ceiling is described, comprises following step:
1, cleaning impurity in steel concrete ceiling bottom surface is removed greasy dirt or remover;
2, basal plane planeness inspection requires the planeness deviation less than 3mm;
3, the roller coat special interface agent is together in the steel concrete ceiling;
4, on rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate, use opening bit earlier, get out the circular hole that diameter is 25mm, circular hole drills calcium silicates panel and heat insulating material, does not drill glass magnesium plate base plate, and perforate quantity is 6/m 2The rectangle step that to leave two sizes on a horizon on circular hole next door on the panel then be 16 * 12mm; Its step plane is than big low 2mm of sheet material; This position is the permanent position of inserting of special-purpose " U " type anchoring piece, and " U " type anchoring piece not only can be fixed the panel of sandwiched plate but also can fix its base plate like this, makes it that very high safety arranged;
5, rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate are sticked on the steel concrete ceiling with special-purpose adhesive mortar; And fix with expansion bolt and special-purpose U type anchoring piece; 6 anchor points of every square meter, and with cranny filler of polyurethane foam fill up between the plate the slit with the formed cavity of anchoring piece is installed;
6, with anticracking grout levelling plate seam and the formed cavity of installation anchoring piece, the white latex in plate seam place pastes the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of 25cm along seam;
7, use the foam gap filler joint filling, the seam in anticracking grout levelling sandwiched plate and corner, the white latex of seam crossing, the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of edge seam subsides 25cm at rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate inner corner trim place (radially, hoop beam seaming position);
8, completely criticize the thick anticracking grout levelling of 5mm;
9, completely scrape exterior wall mildew-resistant bouncing putty three times (together thick putty, the fine and smooth son of twice);
10, roller coating mildew-proof latex paint three times (one priming paint, twice finish paint).

Claims (10)

1. fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling; Comprise rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate, interfacial agents, special-purpose adhesive mortar, anchoring piece, expansion bolt, cranny filler of polyurethane foam, glass fiber reticular cloth, anticracking grout and bouncing putty, it is characterized in that:
1) described rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate are made up of panel, base plate and the laminboard layer between panel and base plate; Said panel is the calcium silicates panel by the thick middle-high density of 6~8mm; Described laminboard layer is that thickness is that rock wool or the phenolic resins heat insulating material of 5.5 ~ 9mm processed; Described base plate is the glass magnesium plate of the thick middle density of 4~6mm, also uses the cold press composite molding through the two component polyurethane glue bond between panel, base plate and the laminboard layer;
2) interfacial agents is by comprising 80 ~ 120 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 180 parts of quartz sands, 2 ~ 3 parts of high efficiency water reducing agents; 1 ~ 2 part of efficient hydrophober, 0.5 ~ 2 part of lignocellulosic, 1 ~ 2 part of cellulose ether; 0.8 ~ 1.5 part of early strength admixture; 60 ~ 100 parts of compositions of self-cross linking type cementing agent, its roller coat or brush on concrete ceiling or other fall vertical plane is to strengthen rockwool sandwich board or the special-purpose adhesive mortar of phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the adhesion of basal plane;
3) special-purpose adhesive mortar is by 80 ~ 120 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 180 parts of quartz sands, 2 ~ 3 parts of high efficiency water reducing agents, 0.5 ~ 2 part of lignocellulosic, 0.5 ~ 2 part of cellulose ether, 15 ~ 30 parts of bi-component binding materials of forming of self-cross linking type cementing agent; Mainly be rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate to be adhered to ceiling or other fall on the vertical plane, and permanent adhesion stress is provided;
4) anchoring piece is by corrosion resistant plate stamping forming " U " type spare; Its both wings respectively have a fixed platform; A circular hole that supplies to connect expansion bolt is arranged at the bottom of " U " shape, and its effect is that the panel of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and base plate are fixed on the ceiling;
5) expansion bolt is with " anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope, and its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel;
6) cranny filler of polyurethane foam is a PV monocomponent moisture cure type gap filler, constructs in the plate of rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate and installs in the hole that stays behind the anchoring piece, rises and fills and insulation effect;
7) glass fiber reticular cloth is the latticed cloth of being processed by glass fiber, on plate that is covered in rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate and the slit between the plate, plays the effect that prevents slab-joint cracking;
8) anticracking grout is by 70 ~ 90 parts of suitable positions, 100 ~ 150 parts of quartz sands, 0.5 ~ 2 part of wood fibre, 1 ~ 5 part of polypropene staple, 20 ~ 40 parts of light fillers, 15 ~ 30 parts of binding materials of forming of acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes on the panel of mounted rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate; Hide the plate seam of installation and the vestige of anchoring piece, and prevent to tie generation crack, seam place;
9) bouncing putty is formed one pack system bonding inserts for 20 ~ 30 parts by 5 ~ 8 parts of inorfils, 20 ~ 30 parts of light fillers, 30 ~ 40 parts in aggregate, 0.5 ~ 2 part of auxiliary agent, acrylic elastic emulsion; It is criticized and scrapes the surface in anticracking grout; Play the effect of auxiliary cracking resistance and filling surface gaps, carry out coatings decoration for the back and lay foundation, bouncing putty mainly is to be used for making up a deficiency the metope slit; Because it has certain force of strain; Influenced by temperature, humidity and external force etc. in the metope slit, and changing thereupon, metope the slit can not occur.
2. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the graft copolymer that described high efficiency water reducing agent comprises naphthyl high efficiency water reducing agent, melamine resin base high efficiency water reducing agent, sulfamate or sulfonic group and carboxylic acid group then.
3. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described hydrophober comprises waterproofing agent of organosilicon, concrete waterproofer, mortar waterproof agent or inorganic aluminate water-proof agent.
4. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described early strength admixture comprises inorganic salts, organic matter class, organic type and the compound complex accelerator of inorganic matter.
5. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described self-cross linking type adhesive comprises the self-crosslinked acrylate emulsion.
6. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the thickness of described anchoring piece is 1.5mm; Its both wings respectively have the fixed platform of a 15 * 11mm, and the diameter of the circular hole of the bottom of " U " shape is 5-8mm.
7. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described expansion bolt is that " U " type anchoring piece is fixed in the connector on the metope; Its material is stainless steel or galvanized steel, and diameter is 6mm, and length is 80mm.
8. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the density of described glass fiber reticular cloth is 160g/cm 2, its width is 25 centimetres.
9. the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component that is used on the ceiling according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described auxiliary agent comprises drier, flexibilizer, emulsifier, thickener, antifoaming agent, levelling agent, anti-skinning agent, stabilizing agent or mould inhibitor.
10. the mounting method of the fireproof heat insulating sandwiched plate installation component on the described ceiling of claim 1-9 is characterized in that, comprises following step:
1) cleaning impurity in steel concrete ceiling bottom surface is removed greasy dirt or remover;
2) basal plane planeness inspection requires the planeness deviation less than 3mm;
3) the roller coat special interface agent is together in the steel concrete ceiling;
4) on rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate, use opening bit earlier, get out the circular hole that diameter is 25mm, circular hole drills calcium silicates panel and heat insulating material, does not drill glass magnesium plate base plate, and perforate quantity is 6/m 2The rectangle step that to leave two sizes on a horizon on circular hole next door on the panel then be 16 * 12mm; Its step plane is than big low 2mm of sheet material; This position is the permanent position of inserting of special-purpose " U " type anchoring piece, and " U " type anchoring piece not only can be fixed the panel of sandwiched plate but also can fix its base plate like this, makes it that very high safety arranged;
5) rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate are sticked on the steel concrete ceiling with special-purpose adhesive mortar; And fix with expansion bolt and special-purpose U type anchoring piece; 6 anchor points of every square meter, and with cranny filler of polyurethane foam fill up between the plate the slit with the formed cavity of anchoring piece is installed;
6) with anticracking grout levelling plate seam and the formed cavity of installation anchoring piece, the white latex in plate seam place pastes the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of 25cm along seam;
7) use the foam gap filler joint filling at rockwool sandwich board or phenolic resins sandwiched plate inner corner trim place, the seam in anticracking grout levelling sandwiched plate and corner, the white latex of seam crossing pastes the wide cracking resistance glass fiber reticular cloth of 25cm along seam;
8) completely criticize the thick anticracking grout levelling of 5mm;
9) completely scrape exterior wall mildew-resistant bouncing putty three times;
10) the roller coating mildew-proof latex paint is three times.
CN2012102142440A 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Fire-proof thermal insulation sandwich board mounting component for ceiling and mounting method thereof Pending CN102747785A (en)

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CN104652786A (en) * 2015-01-27 2015-05-27 安徽同济建设集团有限责任公司 Fire-retardant expanded polyphenyl board molding construction method for external wall of building
CN104790619A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-07-22 马兴爱 Thin-plastering thermal insulation and decoration integrated board and production system and method
CN105016686A (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-11-04 北京索利特新型建筑材料有限公司 Mortar for preparing EPS decoration component
CN106099778A (en) * 2016-06-12 2016-11-09 中国十七冶集团有限公司 A kind of skyscraper cable fire-proof method
CN109083349A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-25 安徽继宏环保科技有限公司 A kind of fireproof decoration plate and its manufacture craft and installation method added with stalk
CN109723155A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-07 博洛尼家居装饰(北京)有限公司 The isothermal holding method of finishing
CN110670838A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-01-10 武汉市阿可云建筑科技有限公司 Novel fireproof floor and preparation method thereof

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CN109083349B (en) * 2018-07-26 2020-07-28 安徽继宏环保科技有限公司 Fireproof decorative plate added with straw and manufacturing process and installation method thereof
CN109723155A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-05-07 博洛尼家居装饰(北京)有限公司 The isothermal holding method of finishing
CN110670838A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-01-10 武汉市阿可云建筑科技有限公司 Novel fireproof floor and preparation method thereof

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