CN102681468A - Power saving control device - Google Patents

Power saving control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102681468A
CN102681468A CN2012101829874A CN201210182987A CN102681468A CN 102681468 A CN102681468 A CN 102681468A CN 2012101829874 A CN2012101829874 A CN 2012101829874A CN 201210182987 A CN201210182987 A CN 201210182987A CN 102681468 A CN102681468 A CN 102681468A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
power supply
resistance
triode
relay
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Pending
Application number
CN2012101829874A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如根
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兰如根
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Priority to CN2012101829874A priority Critical patent/CN102681468A/en
Publication of CN102681468A publication Critical patent/CN102681468A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

Disclosed is a power saving control device. The device is characterized by comprising a starting knob, a system power supply, a power detection circuit, a delay control circuit, a relay circuit, a main control output end and a controlled output end, wherein the control circuit is simple, an electrical device of the main control output end is powered off or in a ready mode, when the output is lower than the set power, power saving control is performed, the whole power supply is cut off automatically, zero power consumption conservation is achieved, if one switch is turned on, others are all turned on, and if one switch is turned off, others are all turned off, and troubles in plucking a power supply plug or turning off a switch on a socket are omitted. The device is applicable to a single electrical device or a plurality of related series of electrical devices, suitable for load detecting of various performances by using a power measuring circuit of an electronic energy meter, accurate, reliable, low in power consumption of the control circuit, few in component, low in cost, convenient, practical, safe, energy-saving, trouble-saving and capable of avoiding the condition that a user forgets turning off all switches.

Description

A kind of electricity-saving control device
Technical field:
The invention belongs to field of electric control, relate to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for the electrical equipment maintenance, influence appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment use up, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and influence is used.
3. existing energy-saving controller is complicated circuit mostly, job insecurity, and cost is high, and it is difficult to safeguard.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of energy-saving control circuit of automatic AC shutoff; Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, detect the change in current of master control output terminal electric appliance load, the electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output terminal, output are cut off whole power supplys during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, all turn-off.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.
A kind of electricity-saving control device is characterized in that, by starting button, system power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, relay circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition.
The normally opened contact JK1 of startup button AN1 and relay also connects, and is serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal again, and power output end is controlled output terminal ⑺; Power output end connects by capacitor C 5 current limliting step-downs, and resistance R 9 is capacitor C 5 bleeder resistances, warp and the resistance R 10 that connects, resistance R 11 bufferings; Commutator tube D1, commutator tube D2 rectification; Stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 voltage stabilizing, system power supply ⑵ is formed in capacitor C 2 filtering; System power supply is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶ and delay control circuit ⑷ and relay circuit ⑸; Power supply output L end links the system power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output terminal ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; The 5 pin welding system power cathodes of power detection IC1; The 1 pin warp of power detection IC1 and the stabilivolt VD3 that connects, the negative pole of capacitor C 3 to system power supply; 1 pin of power detection IC1 is through the positive pole of resistance R 3, light emitting diode TD1 to system power supply; 6 pin of power detection IC1 connect the base stage that triode Q1 is controlled in time-delay through light emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1, collector warp and the diode D3 that connects and the positive pole of resistance R 1 to system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1; The collector of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the negative pole of capacitor C 1 to system power supply; Time-delay is controlled the collector of triode Q1 through the base stage of stabilivolt VD4 to triode Q2, the base stage of triode Q2 warp and the capacitor C 4 and resistance R 12 to system power supply negative pole that connect, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q2; The base stage of the collector connecting relay control triode Q3 of triode Q2; The base stage of relay control triode Q3 is through the positive pole of resistance R 13 to system power supply, and relay is controlled the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q3, and the collector of relay control triode Q3 is through the positive pole of coil-end to the system power supply of relay.
The circuit working process:
When pressing startup button AN1, power connection, relay adhesive.System power supply to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, gets into normal operating conditions if the master control electrical equipment of power output end starts through resistance R 1; 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output, intermittently conducting of time-delay control triode Q1, and the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 less than stabilivolt VD4, triode Q2 ends, relay control triode Q3 conducting; Relay is kept adhesive, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work; The electrical equipment electric power that power-sensing circuit detects the master control output terminal is during less than setting value, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated, and Q1 is also elongated closing time for time-delay control triode; System power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 above stabilivolt VD4, triode Q2 conducting, relay control triode Q3 ends; Relay discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.During power remove, diode D3 is that the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 provides leakage path, prepares for circuit starts once more.
Beneficial effect:
Control circuit is simple, and shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output terminal or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, cut off whole power supplys automatically.Zero-power is energy-conservation.Promptly realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose that zero-power is energy-conservation.Reach energy saving purposes.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric meter, be suitable for the load detection of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a pie graph.Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: start button ⑴, system power supply ⑵, power-sensing circuit ⑶, delay control circuit ⑷, relay circuit ⑸, master control output terminal ⑹, controlled output terminal ⑺.
Embodiment:
A kind of electricity-saving control device like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, is fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches all a kind of energy-saving control circuits of shutoff purpose of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) time-delay; By starting button, system power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, relay circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition.
The normally opened contact JK1 of startup button AN1 and relay also connects, and is serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal again, and J1 is with the relay of 12V; C1-4 is an electrochemical capacitor, and C5 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 1 μ F/400V, and R1-13 is a resistance; D1-4 is commutation diode IN4007; Pilot lamp is light emitting diode TD1, and the pulse pilot lamp is light emitting diode TD2, and VD1-4 is a stabilivolt.IC1 is the electric energy computation chip CSE7758 that power-sensing circuit is used; Q1-3 is a NPN type triode.
Current diverter is used for detecting the size of current of master control electrical equipment, and is better with copper-manganese, or the current diverter of directly processing with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter; Power supply output L end is current diverter top; Be the point of the A in the accompanying drawing 2, the master control output terminal is the current diverter tail end, is the point of the B in the accompanying drawing 2; The current diverter key is the copper and length thickness of lead between A, two current sampling points of B; 0.5 millimeter to 2 millimeters of also available diameter, long 1 to 10 centimetre one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil and make current diverter, current diverter answers crimping good, heat radiation is installed and is provided with.
When pressing startup button AN1, power connection, relay adhesive.System power supply to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, gets into normal operating conditions if the master control electrical equipment of power output end starts through resistance R 1; 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output, intermittently conducting of time-delay control triode Q1, and the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the voltage of capacitor C 1 less than stabilivolt VD4, triode Q2 ends, relay control triode Q3 conducting; Relay is kept adhesive, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work; The electrical equipment electric power that power-sensing circuit detects the master control output terminal is during less than setting value, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated, and Q1 is also elongated closing time for time-delay control triode; System power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the voltage of capacitor C 1 above stabilivolt VD4, triode Q2 conducting, relay control triode Q3 ends; Relay discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.During power remove, diode D3 is that the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 provides leakage path, prepares for circuit starts once more.
Start: pressing AN1 is the 1-2 time of second, and power connection starts the controlled electrical equipment of master control and gets into normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
B: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and gets into holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: behind the electrical equipment entering program shutdown timing shutdown,, cut off the electricity supply through electric circuit inspection.
D: make the master control electric appliance standby with telepilot, after setting the televisor turning device to sleep mode, become holding state,, cut off the electricity supply through electric circuit inspection.
A kind of electricity-saving control device, master control electrical equipment shutdown or work are accomplished and are got into holding state, and output is carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, and the time-delay of serial equipment power supply is all turn-offed, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, turn-off all.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, be fit to the load detection of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.

Claims (1)

1. an electricity-saving control device is characterized in that, by starting button, system power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, relay circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition; The normally opened contact JK1 of startup button AN1 and relay also connects, and is serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal again, and power output end is controlled output terminal ⑺; Power output end connects by capacitor C 5 current limliting step-downs, and resistance R 9 is capacitor C 5 bleeder resistances, warp and the resistance R 10 that connects, resistance R 11 bufferings; Commutator tube D1, commutator tube D2 rectification; Stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 voltage stabilizing, system power supply ⑵ is formed in capacitor C 2 filtering; System power supply is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶ and delay control circuit ⑷ and relay circuit ⑸; Power supply output L end links the system power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output terminal ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; The 5 pin welding system power cathodes of power detection IC1; The 1 pin warp of power detection IC1 and the stabilivolt VD3 that connects, the negative pole of capacitor C 3 to system power supply; 1 pin of power detection IC1 is through the positive pole of resistance R 3, light emitting diode TD1 to system power supply; 6 pin of power detection IC1 connect the base stage that triode Q1 is controlled in time-delay through light emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1, collector warp and the diode D3 that connects and the positive pole of resistance R 1 to system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1; The collector of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the negative pole of capacitor C 1 to system power supply; Time-delay is controlled the collector of triode Q1 through the base stage of stabilivolt VD4 to triode Q2, the base stage of triode Q2 warp and the capacitor C 4 and resistance R 12 to system power supply negative pole that connect, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q2; The base stage of the collector connecting relay control triode Q3 of triode Q2; The base stage of relay control triode Q3 is through the positive pole of resistance R 13 to system power supply, and relay is controlled the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q3, and the collector of relay control triode Q3 is through the positive pole of coil-end to the system power supply of relay.
CN2012101829874A 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power saving control device Pending CN102681468A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101829874A CN102681468A (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power saving control device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012101829874A CN102681468A (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power saving control device

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CN102681468A true CN102681468A (en) 2012-09-19

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104062929A (en) * 2013-03-22 2014-09-24 鸿富锦精密工业(武汉)有限公司 Fixed-time switching on/off control system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4256993A (en) * 1979-06-04 1981-03-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Energy saving device for rapid-start fluorescent lamp system
CN2884600Y (en) * 2006-01-24 2007-03-28 王洪锋 Smart remote controlled energy saving socket for TV and air conditioner
CN201732945U (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-02-02 兰莉莉 Energy-saving socket with remote-control starting function
CN201994527U (en) * 2011-03-14 2011-09-28 兰如根 Energy-saving socket with simple circuit
CN102403627A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-04-04 兰莉莉 Energy-saving controller with timed turnoff function

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4256993A (en) * 1979-06-04 1981-03-17 Westinghouse Electric Corp. Energy saving device for rapid-start fluorescent lamp system
CN2884600Y (en) * 2006-01-24 2007-03-28 王洪锋 Smart remote controlled energy saving socket for TV and air conditioner
CN201732945U (en) * 2010-08-04 2011-02-02 兰莉莉 Energy-saving socket with remote-control starting function
CN201994527U (en) * 2011-03-14 2011-09-28 兰如根 Energy-saving socket with simple circuit
CN102403627A (en) * 2011-11-23 2012-04-04 兰莉莉 Energy-saving controller with timed turnoff function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104062929A (en) * 2013-03-22 2014-09-24 鸿富锦精密工业(武汉)有限公司 Fixed-time switching on/off control system

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Application publication date: 20120919

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication