CN202616140U - Energy-saving control switch - Google Patents

Energy-saving control switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202616140U
CN202616140U CN 201220265010 CN201220265010U CN202616140U CN 202616140 U CN202616140 U CN 202616140U CN 201220265010 CN201220265010 CN 201220265010 CN 201220265010 U CN201220265010 U CN 201220265010U CN 202616140 U CN202616140 U CN 202616140U
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China
Prior art keywords
power
power supply
output
energy
circuit
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN 201220265010
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张新连
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张新连
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Priority to CN 201220265010 priority Critical patent/CN202616140U/en
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Publication of CN202616140U publication Critical patent/CN202616140U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides an energy-saving control switch. The energy-saving control switch is characterized by consisting of a switch with a relay, a system power supply, a time delay circuit, a relay control circuit, a power detection circuit, a main control output end and a controlled output end. The control circuit is quite simple; when an electrical device with the main control output end is shut off or in standby mode, and the output power is smaller than the set power, the energy-saving control is conducted, and all power supplies are automatically cut off; zero power consumption energy saving is realized, one switch is turned on, all electrical devices are turned on, otherwise the switch is turned off, all electrical devices are shut down, so the trouble of unplugging the power plug or turning off the socket switch is avoided once the electrical device is used; the energy-saving control switch is applied to a single electrical device or a series of related electrical devices; by utilizing a power measuring circuit of an electronic watt-hour meter, the energy-saving control switch is applied to load detection of various properties; and the energy-saving control switch is accurate, reliable, convenient, practical, safe and energy-saving, saves time and has a memory function, the control circuit is low in power consumption, and a small number of elements are used.

Description

The Energy Saving Control switch
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to field of electric control, relates to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for the electrical equipment maintenance, influence appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment use up, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and influence is used.
3. existing energy-saving controller is complicated circuit mostly, job insecurity, and cost is high, and it is difficult to safeguard.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of energy-saving control circuit of automatic AC shutoff; Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, detect the change in current of master control output electric appliance load, the electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output, output are cut off whole power supplys during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, all turn-off.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.
The Energy Saving Control switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, power-sensing circuit, master control output and controlled output are formed.
The tape relay switch; Its two groups of switches are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively; Power output end is controlled output ⑺; Power output end one tunnel meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply ⑵ is connected in delay circuit ⑷ and control relay circuit ⑸, and power supply output L end links the system power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; The 5 pin welding system power cathodes of power detection IC1; System power supply is connected in the 1 pin power end of power detection IC1 through the power supply of resistance R 3 step-downs, voltage-stabiliser tube VD1 voltage stabilizing, capacitor C 3 filtering; 6 pin of power detection IC1 connect the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1 through light-emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2; The negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1; Collector electrode warp and the diode D3 that connects and the positive pole of resistance R 1 to system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1, the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 are through the negative pole of capacitor C 1 to system power supply, and the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the control utmost point of voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 to controllable silicon SCR 1; Controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode welding system power cathode, controllable silicon SCR 1 anode is through the coil-end welding system positive source of tape relay switch.
The circuit working process:
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; In capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output gets into normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output; The intermittently conducting of time-delay triode, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges, and makes the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 less than voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 ends, and controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electrical equipment electric power of master control output is during less than set point, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated; The time-delay triode is also elongated deadline, and system power supply to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, makes the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 above voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 through resistance R 1; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive; The tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.During power remove, diode D3 is that the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 provides leakage path, prepares for circuit starts once more.
Beneficial effect:
Control circuit is simple, and shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, cut off whole power supplys automatically.Zero-power is energy-conservation.Promptly realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose that zero-power is energy-conservation.Reach energy saving purposes.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric meter, be suitable for the load detecting of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a pie graph.Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: tape relay switch ⑴, system power supply ⑵, power-sensing circuit ⑶, delay circuit ⑷, control relay circuit ⑸, master control output ⑹, controlled output ⑺,
Embodiment:
The Energy Saving Control switch like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, is fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches all a kind of Energy Saving Control switches of shutoff purpose of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) time-delay; By the tape relay switch, system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, power-sensing circuit, master control output and controlled output are formed.
Wherein: the tape relay switch, its two groups of K switch 1-1, K1-2 are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively, and KM1 is its pull-in winding; R1-11 is a resistance, and C1-3 is an electrochemical capacitor, and C4 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 0.47 to 0.68 μ F/400V; D1-3 is rectifier diode IN4007, and indicator light is light-emitting diode TD1, and the pulse indicator light is light-emitting diode TD2; VD1-3 is a voltage-stabiliser tube, and SCR1 is an one-way SCR.IC1 is the electric energy computation chip CSE7758 that power-sensing circuit is used, and Q1 is a NPN type triode.
Current diverter is used for detecting the size of current of master control electrical equipment, and is better with copper-manganese, or the current diverter of directly processing with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter; Power supply output L end is current diverter top; Be the point of the A in the accompanying drawing 2, the master control output is the current diverter tail end, is the point of the B in the accompanying drawing 2; The current diverter key is the copper and length thickness of lead between A, two current sampling points of B; 0.5 millimeter to 2 millimeters of also available diameter, long 1 to 10 centimetre one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil and make current diverter, current diverter answers crimping good, heat radiation is installed and is provided with.
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; In capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output gets into normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output; The intermittently conducting of time-delay triode, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges, and makes the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 less than voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 ends, and controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electrical equipment electric power of master control output is during less than set point, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated; The time-delay triode is also elongated deadline, and system power supply to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, makes the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 above voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 through resistance R 1; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive; The tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.During power remove, diode D3 is that the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1 provides leakage path, prepares for circuit starts once more.
Start:
Press the tape relay switch, power connection, the controlled electrical equipment of master control gets into normal operating conditions.And the television set that has needs just can carry out the secondary start by the power key of remote controller again, start to get into normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: press the tape relay switch once more, cut off the electricity supply.
B: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and gets into holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
D: after the shutdown of computer entering program,, cut off the electricity supply through electric circuit inspection.
E: make the master control electric appliance standby with remote controller, or become holding state after setting the television set turning device to sleep mode, detect through energy-saving control circuit, control tape relay switch discharges dump.
Use rule: TV is seen in the bedroom, and the machine of switching off the TV of need not getting up closes STB, and it is more convenient to seem during cold day; Before sleeping, sleep is set regularly 30 minutes like RTV remote television, television set gets into holding state after 30 minutes, through electric circuit inspection; Cut off the electricity supply, promptly turn-off the power supply while of television set, together with controlled peripheral hardware electrical equipment, like STB; Power supplys such as DVB are controlled shutdown also, and this controller power source turn-offs simultaneously, and zero-power is energy-conservation, memorandum.
Energy Saving Control switch, master control electrical equipment shutdown or work are accomplished and are got into holding state, and output is carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, and the time-delay of serial equipment power supply is all turn-offed, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, turn-off all.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, be fit to the load detecting of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.

Claims (1)

1. the Energy Saving Control switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and system power supply, delay circuit, control relay circuit, power-sensing circuit, master control output and controlled output are formed; The tape relay switch; Its two groups of switches are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively; Power output end is controlled output ⑺; Power output end one tunnel meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply ⑵ is connected in delay circuit ⑷ and control relay circuit ⑸, and power supply output L end links the system power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; The 5 pin welding system power cathodes of power detection IC1; System power supply is connected in the 1 pin power end of power detection IC1 through the power supply of resistance R 3 step-downs, voltage-stabiliser tube VD1 voltage stabilizing, capacitor C 3 filtering; 6 pin of power detection IC1 connect the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1 through light-emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2; The negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1; Collector electrode warp and the diode D3 that connects and the positive pole of resistance R 1 to system power supply of time-delay control triode Q1, the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 are through the negative pole of capacitor C 1 to system power supply, and the collector electrode of time-delay control triode Q1 is through the control utmost point of voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 to controllable silicon SCR 1; Controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode welding system power cathode, controllable silicon SCR 1 anode is through the coil-end welding system positive source of tape relay switch.
CN 201220265010 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Energy-saving control switch Withdrawn - After Issue CN202616140U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220265010 CN202616140U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Energy-saving control switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220265010 CN202616140U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Energy-saving control switch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202616140U true CN202616140U (en) 2012-12-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220265010 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202616140U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Energy-saving control switch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102693871A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-26 张新连 Energy-saving control switch

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102693871A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-26 张新连 Energy-saving control switch
CN102693871B (en) * 2012-06-06 2016-01-27 张新连 energy-saving control switch

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20121219

Effective date of abandoning: 20160127

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting