CN202586907U - Power-saving control switch - Google Patents

Power-saving control switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202586907U
CN202586907U CN 201220262537 CN201220262537U CN202586907U CN 202586907 U CN202586907 U CN 202586907U CN 201220262537 CN201220262537 CN 201220262537 CN 201220262537 U CN201220262537 U CN 201220262537U CN 202586907 U CN202586907 U CN 202586907U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
circuit
output
power supply
control
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220262537
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如根
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兰如根
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Priority to CN 201220262537 priority Critical patent/CN202586907U/en
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Publication of CN202586907U publication Critical patent/CN202586907U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A power-saving control switch is characterized by being composed of a switch with a relay, a power detecting circuit power supply, a power detecting circuit, a delay circuit, a relay control circuit, a relay control circuit and delay circuit power supply, an optical coupler, a main control output end, and a controlled output end. The control circuit is simple, and when an electrical appliance of the main control output end is turned off or standby and output power is smaller than preset power, energy-saving control is conducted, and all power supplies are cut off automatically. A purpose of zero-consumption energy saving is achieved. Once the switch is switched on, all power supplies are connected, and vise versa. Troubles of pulling out a power plug or turning off a switch on a socket every time after use are saved. The power-saving control switch is applicable to a single electrical appliance or a plurality of relevant series of electrical appliances. The power-saving control switch is applied to load detection of various properties by using a power measurement circuit of an electronic electric energy meter and is precise and reliable. Power consumption of the control circuit is low, components are few, cost is low, the switch is convenient and practical and safe and energy-saving, saves troubles, and prevents users from forgetting to turn off the electrical appliances.

Description

A kind of economize on electricity control switch
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to field of electric control, relates to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for the electrical equipment maintenance, influence appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment use up, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and influence is used.
3. existing energy-saving controller is complicated circuit mostly, job insecurity, and cost is high, and it is difficult to safeguard.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of energy-saving control circuit of automatic AC shutoff; Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, detect the change in current of master control output electric appliance load, the electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output, output are cut off whole power supplys during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, all turn-off.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.
A kind of economize on electricity control switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and the power-sensing circuit power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay circuit, control relay circuit, control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply, optocoupler, master control output and controlled output are formed.
The tape relay switch; Its two groups of switches are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively; Power output end is controlled output ⑺, and power output end one tunnel meets the power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵ is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶; Another road of power output end meets the control relay circuit and the delay circuit power supply ⑻ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and voltage-stabilizing, makes the power supply of control relay circuit ⑸ and delay circuit ⑷; Power supply output L end connects the power-sensing circuit power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; 5 pin of power detection IC1 connect the power-sensing circuit power cathode, and 1 pin of power detection IC1 connects the positive pole of power-sensing circuit power supply, and 6 pin of power detection IC1 are through light-emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2, optocoupler input to power-sensing circuit power cathode; The positive pole of control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply is through resistance R 11, the optocoupler output base stage to triode Q1; Triode Q1 emitter is succeeded the negative pole of electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit power supply; The emitter of triode Q1 and collector electrode are connected to delay capacitor C1 two ends; Triode Q1 collector electrode is through the positive pole of resistance R 1 to control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply; Triode Q1 collector electrode is through the control utmost point of voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 to controllable silicon SCR 1; Controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode is succeeded electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit power cathode, and controllable silicon SCR 1 anode is succeeded electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit positive source through coil-end, the resistance R 1 of tape relay switch.
The circuit working process:
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply are delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; In capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output gets into normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output; The intermittently conducting of optocoupler output, intermittently conducting of triode Q1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 less than voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 ends, and controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electrical equipment electric power of master control output is during less than set point, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated; The optocoupler output is also elongated deadline, and triode Q1 is also elongated deadline, and control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply are delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 above voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive; The tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.The electric energy that the charging of capacitor C 1 stores provides energy for the tape relay switch discharges.When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.
Beneficial effect:
Control circuit is simple, and shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, cut off whole power supplys automatically.Zero-power is energy-conservation.Promptly realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose that zero-power is energy-conservation.Reach energy saving purposes.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric meter, be suitable for the load detecting of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is a pie graph.Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: tape relay switch ⑴, power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵, power-sensing circuit ⑶, delay circuit ⑷, control relay circuit ⑸, master control output ⑹, controlled output ⑺, control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply ⑻, optocoupler ⑼.
Embodiment:
A kind of economize on electricity control switch like Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, is fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches all a kind of economize on electricity control switchs of shutoff purpose of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) time-delay; By the tape relay switch, the power-sensing circuit power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay circuit, control relay circuit, control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply, optocoupler, master control output and controlled output are formed.
Wherein: the tape relay switch, its two groups of K switch 1-1, K1-2 are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively, and KM1 is its pull-in winding; R1-12 is a resistance, and C1-2 is an electrochemical capacitor, and C4 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 0.1 μ F/400V; C3 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 0.33 μ F/400V, and D1-5 is rectifier diode IN4007, and indicator light is light-emitting diode TD1; The pulse indicator light is light-emitting diode TD2, and VD1-3 is a voltage-stabiliser tube, and SCR1 is an one-way SCR.IC1 is the electric energy computation chip CSE7758 that power-sensing circuit is used, and IC2 is optocoupler C817.
Current diverter is used for detecting the size of current of master control electrical equipment, and is better with copper-manganese, or the current diverter of directly processing with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter; Power supply output L end is current diverter top; Be the point of the A in the accompanying drawing 2, the master control output is the current diverter tail end, is the point of the B in the accompanying drawing 2; The current diverter key is the copper and length thickness of lead between A, two current sampling points of B; 0.5 millimeter to 2 millimeters of also available diameter, long 1 to 10 centimetre one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil and make current diverter, current diverter answers crimping good, heat radiation is installed and is provided with.
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply are delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; In capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output gets into normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have pulse signal output; The intermittently conducting of optocoupler output, intermittently conducting of triode Q1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 less than voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 ends, and controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electrical equipment electric power of master control output is during less than set point, and the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated; The optocoupler output is also elongated deadline, and triode Q1 is also elongated deadline, and control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply are delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1; Make the voltage stabilizing value of the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 above voltage-stabiliser tube VD2; Voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, relay gets electric adhesive; The tape relay switch discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.The electric energy that the charging of capacitor C 1 stores provides energy for the tape relay switch discharges.When pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of delay time; When making master control electrical equipment operate as normal; The 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time; And when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin pulse signal output times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.Adjust the resistance value of resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8, can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.Adjust current diverter length thickness, also can change the 6 pin pulse signal output gap times of power-sensing circuit IC1.
Start:
Press the tape relay switch, power connection, the controlled electrical equipment of master control gets into normal operating conditions.And the television set that has needs just can carry out the secondary start by the power key of remote controller again, start to get into normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: press the tape relay switch once more, cut off the electricity supply.
B: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and gets into holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
D: after the shutdown of computer entering program,, cut off the electricity supply through electric circuit inspection.
E: make the master control electric appliance standby with remote controller, or become holding state after setting the television set turning device to sleep mode, detect through energy-saving control circuit, control tape relay switch discharges dump.
Use rule: TV is seen in the bedroom, and the machine of switching off the TV of need not getting up closes STB, and it is more convenient to seem during cold day; Before sleeping, sleep is set regularly 30 minutes like RTV remote television, television set gets into holding state after 30 minutes, through electric circuit inspection; Cut off the electricity supply, promptly turn-off the power supply while of television set, together with controlled peripheral hardware electrical equipment, like STB; Power supplys such as DVB are controlled shutdown also, and this controller power source turn-offs simultaneously, and zero-power is energy-conservation, memorandum.
A kind of economize on electricity control switch, master control electrical equipment shutdown or work are accomplished and are got into holding state, and output is carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, and the time-delay of serial equipment power supply is all turn-offed, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, turn-off all.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, be fit to the load detecting of various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.

Claims (1)

1. an economize on electricity control switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and the power-sensing circuit power supply; Power-sensing circuit, delay circuit, control relay circuit; Control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply, optocoupler, master control output and controlled output are formed; The tape relay switch; Its two groups of switches are serially connected with the power supply input/output terminal respectively; Power output end is controlled output ⑺, and power output end one tunnel meets the power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵ is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶; Another road of power output end meets the control relay circuit and the delay circuit power supply ⑻ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and voltage-stabilizing, makes the power supply of control relay circuit ⑸ and delay circuit ⑷; Power supply output L end connects the power-sensing circuit power cathode; Power supply output L end is through one section copper cash or be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or the current diverter directly processed with copper-manganese in the electronic electricity meter connects master control electrical equipment, i.e. power supply output L end is current diverter top even, and the current diverter tail end is master control output ⑹; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output N end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; 5 pin of power detection IC1 connect the power-sensing circuit power cathode, and 1 pin of power detection IC1 connects the positive pole of power-sensing circuit power supply, and 6 pin of power detection IC1 are through light-emitting diode TD2, resistance R 2, optocoupler input to power-sensing circuit power cathode; The positive pole of control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply is through resistance R 11, the optocoupler output base stage to triode Q1; Triode Q1 emitter is succeeded the negative pole of electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit power supply; The emitter of triode Q1 and collector electrode are connected to delay capacitor C1 two ends; Triode Q1 collector electrode is through the positive pole of resistance R 1 to control relay circuit and delay circuit power supply; Triode Q1 collector electrode is through the control utmost point of voltage-stabiliser tube VD2 to controllable silicon SCR 1; Controllable silicon SCR 1 negative electrode is succeeded electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit power cathode, and controllable silicon SCR 1 anode is succeeded electrical apparatus control circuit and delay circuit positive source through coil-end, the resistance R 1 of tape relay switch.
CN 201220262537 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power-saving control switch Expired - Fee Related CN202586907U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220262537 CN202586907U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power-saving control switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220262537 CN202586907U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power-saving control switch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202586907U true CN202586907U (en) 2012-12-05

Family

ID=47256265

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220262537 Expired - Fee Related CN202586907U (en) 2012-06-06 2012-06-06 Power-saving control switch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202586907U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121205

Termination date: 20130606