CN202870515U - Energy-saving switch - Google Patents

Energy-saving switch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202870515U
CN202870515U CN 201220600674 CN201220600674U CN202870515U CN 202870515 U CN202870515 U CN 202870515U CN 201220600674 CN201220600674 CN 201220600674 CN 201220600674 U CN201220600674 U CN 201220600674U CN 202870515 U CN202870515 U CN 202870515U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power
power supply
resistance
switch
sensing circuit
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220600674
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如根
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兰如根
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Application filed by 兰如根 filed Critical 兰如根
Priority to CN 201220600674 priority Critical patent/CN202870515U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202870515U publication Critical patent/CN202870515U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an energy-saving switch which is characterized by consisting of a switch with a relay, a power detection circuit power supply, a power detection circuit, a delay control circuit, a master control output end and a controlled output end. The control circuit is simple, and when an electric appliance at the master control output end is shut down or standby, and the power with the value smaller than a set value is output, the energy-saving control is performed, and all power supplies are automatically cut off, namely, by controlling one master control electric appliance, the aim all the power supplies of a series of master control electric appliance devices and controlled electric appliance devices is cut off in a delay way is achieved, the power consumption is zero, and energy is saved. The aim that when the master control motor is started/closed, all the power supplies of the related master control electric appliance and controlled electric appliances can be started/closed can be realized, thus achieving the energy-saving and consumption-reducing aims, solving the standby safety problem, and avoiding the trouble of pulling off a power plug or switching off a switch in a socket after use each time. The energy-saving switch is suitable to be used by a single electric appliance or a plurality of related series of electric appliances; as a power measuring circuit of an electronic watt hour meter is used, the switch is applicable to load detection of various properties and is precise and reliable; and the control circuit is low in power consumption, few in elements, low in cost, convenient and practical, safe and energy-saving, and trouble-saving and forgetting-proof.

Description

Power down switch
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to field of electric control, relates to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for maintaining electrical equipment, affect appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment are finished, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and impact is used.
3. mostly circuit is complicated for existing energy-saving controller, job insecurity, and cost is high, Maintenance Difficulty.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of power down switch of automatic AC shutoff, is energy-saving control circuit; Detect the variation of the electric current of master control output terminal electric appliance load, electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output terminal, output are cut off all power during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.When relevant electrical equipment used, control master control electrical equipment one machine reached the purpose that the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) is all turn-offed, and eliminates the electric appliance standby power consumption.Solve the standby safety problem.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, such as computer, multimedia, the electrical equipment such as TV, home audio-visual power-sensing circuit use.
Power down switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and the power-sensing circuit power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal form.
The tape relay switch, by K switch 1, form with button AN1, pull-in winding KM1 and the trip gear of K switch 1 interlock, the K switch 1 of tape relay switch is serially connected with between power supply input L end holds with power supply output L, power output end is controlled output terminal ⑹, connects the relevant electrical equipment of peripheral hardware.
Power output end, by resistance R 11 bufferings, capacitor C 4 current limliting step-downs, resistance R 10 is capacitor C 4 bleeder resistances, diode D1, diode D2 rectification, capacitor C 2 filtering, stabilivolt VD3 voltage stabilizing forms power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵; The power-sensing circuit power supply is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶; The power-sensing circuit positive source through light emitting diode TD1, resistance R 9 to the power-sensing circuit power cathode, the power-sensing circuit power cathode connects power supply N end, power supply N end through one section copper cash be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or directly with electronic electricity meter in the current diverter made of copper-manganese connect master control electrical equipment, be that power supply N end connects current diverter top, the current diverter tail end is master control output terminal ⑸.
Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output L end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; 5 pin of power detection IC1 connect the power-sensing circuit power cathode, the power-sensing circuit positive source is connected in the 1 pin power end of power detection IC1,6 pin of power detection IC1 are through resistance R 2, light emitting diode TD2 connects the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1, the emitter of time-delay control triode Q1 connects power supply N end, the collector of time-delay control triode Q1 connects the positive pole of delay capacitor C1, the negative pole of delay capacitor C1 connects power supply N end, power supply output N end is through the commutator tube diode D3 of serial connection, resistance R 3 is to power supply output L end, and the positive pole of delay capacitor C1 is through commutator tube diode D4, resistance R 3 is to power supply output L end; The positive pole of delay capacitor C1 through the resistance R 1, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 of serial connection to the controllable silicon SCR 1 control utmost point, the negative electrode of controllable silicon SCR 1 connects power supply N end, controllable silicon SCR 1 anode through the pull-in winding KM1 of the resistance R 2 of serial connection, tape relay switch to power supply output L end; Interlock button AN1 on the tape relay switch is connected to delay capacitor C1 two ends.
The circuit working process is:
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, the interlock button AN1 that is connected to simultaneously on the tape relay switch at delay capacitor C1 two ends connects once, the voltage of delay capacitor C1 discharges, then power supply is through resistance R 3, commutator tube diode D3, commutator tube diode D4, to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output terminal enters normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have output of pulse signal, the intermittently conducting of time-delay triode, the charging voltage Cycle-release of capacitor C 1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 is less than stabilivolt VD1, the voltage stabilizing value sum of stabilivolt VD2, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 cut-off, controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electric appliance power of master control output terminal is during less than setting value, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated, the time-delay triode is also elongated closing time, power supply is through resistance R 3, commutator tube diode D4, commutator tube diode D3, to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 surpasses stabilivolt VD1, the voltage stabilizing value sum of stabilivolt VD2, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, pull-in winding KM1 gets electric, the tape relay switch discharges, dump.When again pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
When pressing the tape relay switch, the interlock button AN1 on the tape relay switch connects once at every turn, and the voltage of delay capacitor C1 discharges, and delay time restarts; Resistance R 3, capacitor C 1, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 are the adjustment element of delay time, so that master control electrical equipment when normal operation, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.The resistance value of adjusting resistance R6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8 can change 6 pin output of pulse signal interval times of power-sensing circuit IC1, adjusts current diverter length thickness, also can change 6 pin output of pulse signal interval times of power-sensing circuit IC1.
Beneficial effect is: the power down switch control circuit is simple, and the shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output terminal or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, automatically cut off all power.Namely realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose that zero-power is energy-conservation.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Reach energy-saving and cost-reducing purpose.Solve the standby safety problem.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric meter, the load detecting of applicable various performances, accurately reliable, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is pie graph.Fig. 2 is circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: tape relay switch ⑴, power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵, power-sensing circuit ⑶, delay control circuit ⑷, master control output terminal ⑸ and controlled output terminal ⑹ form.
Embodiment:
Power down switch as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, is fit to Series correlation electrical equipment and uses, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-offs a kind of energy-saving control circuit of purpose; Power down switch, by the tape relay switch, the power-sensing circuit power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal form.
Wherein: the tape relay switch, by K switch 1, button AN1 with K switch 1 interlock, pull-in winding KM1 and trip gear form, pull-in winding KM1 nominal voltage is 220V, be the pull-in winding KM1 of tape relay switch when turn-offing electricity consumption be the AC power of 220V, can select the tape relay switch of washing machine, add the button AN1 with K switch 1 interlock, more than the button AN1 contact current 1A, more than the K switch 1 contact current 5A, the K1 of tape relay switch is serially connected with power supply input L end and power supply output L end, R1-11 is resistance, wherein R3 can use 3M3 resistance, and C1-2 is electrochemical capacitor, and C3 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 0.33 μ F/630V, D1-4 is commutation diode IN4007, pilot lamp is light emitting diode TD1, and power detection pulse pilot lamp is light emitting diode TD2, and VD1-3 is stabilivolt, SCR1 is one-way SCR, and it is easier that this circuit turn-offs than bidirectional triode thyristor with one-way SCR; IC1 is the electric energy computation chip CSE7758 that power-sensing circuit is used; Q1 is NPN type triode, and controlled output terminal ⑹ can connect a plurality of electrical equipment.
When pressing the tape relay switch, power connection, the interlock button AN1 that is connected to simultaneously on the tape relay switch at delay capacitor C1 two ends connects once, the voltage of delay capacitor C1 discharges, then power supply is through resistance R 3, commutator tube diode D3, commutator tube diode D4, to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of output terminal enters normal operating conditions, 6 pin of power-sensing circuit IC1 have output of pulse signal, the intermittently conducting of time-delay triode, the charging voltage Cycle-release of capacitor C 1, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 is less than stabilivolt VD1, the voltage stabilizing value sum of stabilivolt VD2, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 cut-off, controllable silicon SCR 1 does not open control, power connection.
When the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electric appliance power of master control output terminal is during less than setting value, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are elongated, the time-delay triode is also elongated closing time, power supply is through resistance R 3, commutator tube diode D4, commutator tube diode D3, to capacitor C 1 charging time-delay, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 surpasses stabilivolt VD1, the voltage stabilizing value sum of stabilivolt VD2, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 conducting, controllable silicon SCR 1 conducting, pull-in winding KM1 gets electric, the tape relay switch discharges, dump.When again pressing the tape relay switch, i.e. hand off power supply.
When pressing the tape relay switch, the interlock button AN1 on the tape relay switch connects once at every turn, and the voltage of delay capacitor C1 discharges, and delay time restarts; Resistance R 3, capacitor C 1, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 are the adjustment element of delay time, so that master control electrical equipment when normal operation, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 are less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment was not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the 6 pin output of pulse signal times of power-sensing circuit IC1 were much larger than its time delayed turn-off time.The resistance value of adjusting resistance R6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8 can change 6 pin output of pulse signal interval times of power-sensing circuit IC1, adjusts current diverter length thickness, also can change 6 pin output of pulse signal interval times of power-sensing circuit IC1.
Start:
Press the tape relay switch, power connection, the controlled electrical equipment of master control enters normal operating conditions.If any electrical equipment need secondary start, start and enter normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: again press the tape relay switch, cut off the electricity supply.
B: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and enters holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
D: computer through electric circuit inspection, is cut off the electricity supply after entering the program shutdown.
E: make the master control electric appliance standby with telepilot, or become holding state after setting the televisor turning device to sleep mode, detect through energy-saving control circuit, control tape relay switch discharges dump.
Use rule: TV is seen in the bedroom, and the machine of switching off the TV of need not getting up closes set-top box, it is more convenient to seem during cold day, before falling asleep, sleep is set regularly 30 minutes such as RTV remote television, televisor enters holding state after 30 minutes, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply, namely turn-off the power supply of televisor simultaneously, together with controlled peripheral hardware electrical equipment, such as set-top box, the power supplys such as satellite receiver are controlled shutdown also, this energy-conservation Switching Power Supply is turn-offed simultaneously, and zero-power is energy-conservation, memorandum.
Power down switch when adjusting power, carries out Energy Saving Control at master control output terminal electrical appliance, automatically cuts off all power.When Series correlation electrical equipment used, control master control electrical equipment one machine reached the purpose that the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) is all turn-offed, and eliminates the electric appliance standby power consumption, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Solve the standby safety problem.Be fit to computer, multimedia, the Series correlation electrical equipment such as TV, home audio-visual power-sensing circuit use.Control circuit is simple, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe.

Claims (1)

1. power down switch is characterized in that, by the tape relay switch, and the power-sensing circuit power supply, power-sensing circuit, delay control circuit, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal form; The tape relay switch, by K switch 1, form with button AN1, pull-in winding KM1 and the trip gear of K switch 1 interlock, the K switch 1 of tape relay switch is serially connected with between power supply input L end holds with power supply output L, power output end is controlled output terminal ⑹, connects the relevant electrical equipment of peripheral hardware; Power output end, by resistance R 11 bufferings, capacitor C 4 current limliting step-downs, resistance R 10 is capacitor C 4 bleeder resistances, diode D1, diode D2 rectification, capacitor C 2 filtering, stabilivolt VD3 voltage stabilizing forms power-sensing circuit power supply ⑵; The power-sensing circuit power supply is connected in power-sensing circuit ⑶; The power-sensing circuit positive source through light emitting diode TD1, resistance R 9 to the power-sensing circuit power cathode, the power-sensing circuit power cathode connects power supply N end, power supply N end through one section copper cash be engraved in circuit board the preceding paragraph Copper Foil or directly with electronic electricity meter in the current diverter made of copper-manganese connect master control electrical equipment, be that power supply N end connects current diverter top, the current diverter tail end is master control output terminal ⑸; Current diverter top connects 2 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 4, and the current diverter tail end connects 3 pin of power detection IC1 through resistance R 5, and 4 pin of power detection IC1 connect power supply output L end through resistance R 6, resistance R 7, resistance R 8; 5 pin of power detection IC1 connect the power-sensing circuit power cathode, the power-sensing circuit positive source is connected in the 1 pin power end of power detection IC1,6 pin of power detection IC1 are through resistance R 2, light emitting diode TD2 connects the base stage of time-delay control triode Q1, the emitter of time-delay control triode Q1 connects power supply N end, the collector of time-delay control triode Q1 connects the positive pole of delay capacitor C1, the negative pole of delay capacitor C1 connects power supply N end, power supply output N end is through the commutator tube diode D3 of serial connection, resistance R 3 is to power supply output L end, and the positive pole of delay capacitor C1 is through commutator tube diode D4, resistance R 3 is to power supply output L end; The positive pole of delay capacitor C1 through the resistance R 1, stabilivolt VD1, stabilivolt VD2 of serial connection to the controllable silicon SCR 1 control utmost point, the negative electrode of controllable silicon SCR 1 connects power supply N end, controllable silicon SCR 1 anode through the pull-in winding KM1 of the resistance R 2 of serial connection, tape relay switch to power supply output L end; Interlock button AN1 on the tape relay switch is connected to delay capacitor C1 two ends.
CN 201220600674 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Energy-saving switch Expired - Fee Related CN202870515U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220600674 CN202870515U (en) 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Energy-saving switch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220600674 CN202870515U (en) 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Energy-saving switch

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202870515U true CN202870515U (en) 2013-04-10

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ID=48037222

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201220600674 Expired - Fee Related CN202870515U (en) 2012-11-13 2012-11-13 Energy-saving switch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN202870515U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130410

Termination date: 20131113