CN203217317U - Standby energy-saving apparatus - Google Patents

Standby energy-saving apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN203217317U
CN203217317U CN 201320253453 CN201320253453U CN203217317U CN 203217317 U CN203217317 U CN 203217317U CN 201320253453 CN201320253453 CN 201320253453 CN 201320253453 U CN201320253453 U CN 201320253453U CN 203217317 U CN203217317 U CN 203217317U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
power supply
triode
saving
hour meter
energy
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201320253453
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
兰如根
Original Assignee
兰如根
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 兰如根 filed Critical 兰如根
Priority to CN 201320253453 priority Critical patent/CN203217317U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203217317U publication Critical patent/CN203217317U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

A standby energy-saving apparatus is provided. The standby energy-saving apparatus is characterized in that the standby energy-saving apparatus is composed of a start button, a system power supply, an electronic type watt hour meter, an energy saving control circuit, a delay turn-off circuit, a relay, a main control output end and a controlled output end. The control circuit is simple; when an electrical appliance of the main control output end is powered off or in a standby state, and outputs power smaller than set power, energy saving control is performed, and after further delay, all power sources can be cut off automatically, and therefore, zero power consumption energy saving can be realized, namely, with a single main control electrical appliance controlled, power sources of serial equipment such as the main control electrical appliance and controlled electrical appliances can be turned off in a delayed manner; a single times of turning on enables the turning on of all the power sources, and a single times of turning off enables the turning off of all the power sources; troubles caused by pulling out a power source plug or turning off a switch on a socket can be saved; the standby energy-saving apparatus is suitable for being used by a single or multiple electrical appliances of a related series; the electronic type watt hour meter is suitable for detecting loads of various performances with accuracy and reliability, and can measure and display electrical quantity consumed by the main control electrical appliance; and the standby energy-saving apparatus is advantageous in low power consumption of the control circuit, fewer components, low cost, convenience, practicability, safety, energy-saving property and trouble-saving property.

Description

Standby energy-saving apparatus
Technical field:
The utility model belongs to field of electric control, relates to a kind of energy-saving control circuit.
Background technology:
When 1. people make electrical appliance, often forget power cutoff, or the remote-control closedown standby, all can waste electric energy, be unfavorable for the electrical equipment maintenance, influence appliance life, even lead to a disaster.There are power consumption and standby safety problem.
Power consumption during 2. for the elimination electric appliance standby is avoided long-time energising, needs unplugg after most electrical equipment use up, and cut off AC power, and frequent plug bothers not only, more aggravates loose contact, damages plugs and sockets, and influence is used.
3. have mostly circuit complexity of energy-saving controller now, job insecurity, the cost height, it is difficult to safeguard.
Summary of the invention:
The utility model purpose is to provide a kind of energy-saving control circuit of automatic AC shutoff; Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, detect the variation of the electric current of master control output terminal electric appliance load, electrical equipment shutdown or the standby of master control output terminal, output are cut off whole power supplys during less than the power set automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, all turn-off.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.
Standby energy-saving apparatus is characterized in that, by starting button, system power supply, electron watt-hour meter, energy-saving control circuit, time delayed turn-off circuit, relay, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition.
The normally opened contact JK1 of startup button AN1 and relay also connects, be serially connected with power supply input L end and power supply output L end again, power supply output L holds one the tunnel to connect electron watt-hour meter terminals one, power supply input N end connects electron watt-hour meter terminals three, electron watt-hour meter terminals one and terminals four connect controlled electrical equipment, be controlled output terminal ⑺, electron watt-hour meter terminals two and terminals four connect master control electrical equipment, are master control output terminal ⑻.
Controlled output terminal ⑺ meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply is connected in energy-saving control circuit ⑷, time delayed turn-off circuit ⑸; The positive pole of system power supply through resistance R 4, light emitting diode TD1 to the system power supply negative pole; Power supply output L end links the system power cathode; The positive pole of system power supply connects electron watt-hour meter terminals five, the resistance R 8 of electron watt-hour meter terminals the six channels serial connection, stabilivolt VD3 is to the base stage of triode Q1, the base stage of triode Q1 through capacitor C 4 to the system power supply negative pole, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q1, the collector of triode Q1 connects capacitor C 1 to the system power supply negative pole, the collector warp of triode Q1 and the resistance R 1 that connects, diode D3 is to the system power supply positive pole, the collector of triode Q1 is through stabilivolt VD1, resistance R 5 is to the base stage of triode Q2, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q2, the collector one tunnel of triode Q2 is through the positive pole of resistance R 7 welding system power supplys, another road of the collector of triode Q2 is through diode D4, resistance R 8 connects electron watt-hour meter terminals six, the another road of the collector of triode Q2 is through stabilivolt VD2, resistance R 6 connects the base stage of triode Q3, the emitter welding system positive source of triode Q3, the collector of triode Q3 connects the triggering input end of delay control circuit IC1 through resistance R 2, the triggering input termination capacitor C 2 of delay control circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply, the triggering input end of delay control circuit IC1 is through resistance R 3, close button AN2 welding system positive source, the coil-end of the output relay termination of delay control circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply; The electron watt-hour meter terminals five that have are different with terminals six marks, and namely the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for optocoupler output terminal CK1 and the CK2 of test.
The circuit working process:
When pressing startup button AN1, power connection, relay adhesive.System power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of power output end enters normal operating conditions, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the intermittently conducting of optocoupler output terminal of test, system power supply is through the optocoupler output terminal, resistance R 8, stabilivolt VD3, make triode Q1 conducting, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges, make capacitor C 1 charging voltage less than the voltage stabilizing value of stabilivolt VD1, triode Q2 ends, and triode Q3 ends, the triggering input end current potential of delay control circuit IC1 is in electronegative potential, the output terminal of delay control circuit IC1 is noble potential, relay adhesive, power connection.
Electrical appliance shutoff when the master control output terminal, or the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electron watt-hour meter electric circuit inspection is to the electrical equipment electric power of master control output terminal during less than setting value, the optocoupler output terminal that the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for test does not have conducting, or intermittently ON time is elongated, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, when capacitor C 1 charging voltage surpasses the voltage stabilizing value of stabilivolt VD1, triode Q2 conducting, the current collection of triode Q2 is electronegative potential very, system power supply is through the voltage of electron watt-hour meter optocoupler conducting output, through diode D4, resistance R 8, by triode Q2 conducting to the system power supply negative pole, thereby triode Q1 is ended; Triode Q2 conducting, the current collection of triode Q2 is electronegative potential very, stabilivolt VD2 conducting, through resistance R 6, make triode Q3 conducting, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 2 chargings through triode Q3, resistance R 2, the triggering input terminal voltage of delay control circuit IC1 surpass system power supply voltage 2/3rds after, the output terminal upset of delay control circuit IC1 is electronegative potential, and relay discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
Press when closing button AN2, i.e. the hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of the delay time of Energy Saving Control, when making master control electrical equipment operate as normal, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output terminal ON time at intermittence of test less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the optocoupler output terminal intermittently ON time much larger than the delay time of its Energy Saving Control.Behind the power remove, the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1, D3 releases to time delayed turn-off circuit through diode, for starting again, circuit prepares, even start again at short notice, during startup, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output terminal moment conducting of test, make triode Q1 conducting, and discharge the charging voltage of capacitor C 1, enter normal operating conditions.
Capacitor C 2, resistance R 2 have only the triode Q2 conducting of Energy Saving Control for the adjustment element of the delay time of time delayed turn-off control, the just conducting of triode Q3 of time delayed turn-off control, after starting control circuit IC1 computing time-delay, its output terminal is electronegative potential, and relay discharges, power cutoff.After namely entering Energy Saving Control, the time-delay certain hour is set as required, turn-offs whole power supplys.C4 is anti-interference capacitor.
Beneficial effect:
Control circuit is simple, and the shutdown of the electrical equipment of master control output terminal or standby, output are carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, further after the time-delay, cut off whole power supplys automatically, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Namely realize control master control electrical equipment one machine, reach the time-delay of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) and all turn-off purpose.One opens standard-sized sheet, and one closes complete shut-down.Save the trouble of pulling out attaching plug after each usefulness or turning off switch on the socket.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, electron watt-hour meter is suitable for the load detecting of various performances, and is accurately reliable, can measure the electric weight that shows that master control electrical equipment consumes, control circuit is low in energy consumption, and element is few, and cost is low, convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, memorandum saves trouble.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is pie graph.Fig. 2 is circuit diagram.
Among Fig. 2: start button ⑴, system power supply ⑵, electron watt-hour meter ⑶, energy-saving control circuit ⑷, time delayed turn-off circuit ⑸, relay ⑹, controlled output terminal ⑺, master control output terminal ⑻.
Embodiment:
Standby energy-saving apparatus as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, is fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use, and control master control electrical equipment one machine reaches all a kind of standby energy-saving apparatus of shutoff purpose of the controlled electrical equipment series of master control electrical equipment device power supply (DPS) time-delay; By starting button, system power supply, electron watt-hour meter, energy-saving control circuit, time delayed turn-off circuit, relay, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition.
The normally opened contact JK1 that starts button AN1 and relay also connects, and is serially connected with power supply input L end and power supply output L end again, the J1 relay of 12V, and C1-3 is electrochemical capacitor, C4 is anti-interference capacitor.C5 is the electric capacity of the dacron of 1 μ F/400V, and R1-11 is resistance, and D1-2 is commutation diode IN4007, and pilot lamp is light emitting diode TD1, and VD1-5 is stabilivolt.IC1 is time-base integrated circuit NE555; Q1-2 is NPN type triode, and Q3 is the positive-negative-positive triode, and AN1 is for starting button, and AN2 is for closing button.
Electron watt-hour meter terminals five and terminals six, the electron watt-hour meter terminals mark that has is different, be optocoupler output terminal CK1 and the CK2 that the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for test, the electron watt-hour meter mark ' CK+ ' and ' CK-' that have, perhaps '+' and '-' are perhaps with other numerals of circle.
When pressing startup button AN1, power connection, relay adhesive.System power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, in capacitor C 1 charging time-delay voltage elevation process, if starting, the master control electrical equipment of power output end enters normal operating conditions, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the intermittently conducting of optocoupler output terminal of test, system power supply is through the optocoupler output terminal, resistance R 8, stabilivolt VD3, make triode Q1 conducting, the charging voltage of capacitor C 1 periodically discharges, make capacitor C 1 charging voltage less than the voltage stabilizing value of stabilivolt VD1, triode Q2 ends, and triode Q3 ends, the triggering input end current potential of delay control circuit IC1 is in electronegative potential, the output terminal of delay control circuit IC1 is noble potential, relay adhesive, power connection.
Electrical appliance shutoff when the master control output terminal, or the electrical appliance of master control output terminal is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the electron watt-hour meter electric circuit inspection is to the electrical equipment electric power of master control output terminal during less than setting value, the optocoupler output terminal that the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for test does not have conducting, or intermittently ON time is elongated, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 1 charging through resistance R 1, when capacitor C 1 charging voltage surpasses the voltage stabilizing value of stabilivolt VD1, triode Q2 conducting, the current collection of triode Q2 is electronegative potential very, system power supply is through the voltage of electron watt-hour meter optocoupler conducting output, through diode D4, resistance R 8, by triode Q2 conducting to the system power supply negative pole, thereby triode Q1 is ended; Triode Q2 conducting, the current collection of triode Q2 is electronegative potential very, stabilivolt VD2 conducting, through resistance R 6, make triode Q3 conducting, system power supply is delayed time to capacitor C 2 chargings through triode Q3, resistance R 2, the triggering input terminal voltage of delay control circuit IC1 surpass system power supply voltage 2/3rds after, the output terminal upset of delay control circuit IC1 is electronegative potential, and relay discharges, and power supply all turn-offs.
Press when closing button AN2, i.e. the hand off power supply.
Capacitor C 1, resistance R 1 are the adjustment element of the delay time of Energy Saving Control, when making master control electrical equipment operate as normal, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output terminal ON time at intermittence of test less than its delay time, and when master control electrical equipment is not activated or the standby of shutting down quits work, the optocoupler output terminal intermittently ON time much larger than the delay time of its Energy Saving Control.Behind the power remove, the charging voltage of delay capacitor C1, D3 releases to time delayed turn-off circuit through diode, for starting again, circuit prepares, even start again at short notice, during startup, the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for the optocoupler output terminal moment conducting of test, make triode Q1 conducting, and discharge the charging voltage of capacitor C 1, enter normal operating conditions.
Capacitor C 2, resistance R 2 have only the triode Q2 conducting of Energy Saving Control for the adjustment element of the delay time of time delayed turn-off control, the just conducting of triode Q3 of time delayed turn-off control, after starting control circuit IC1 computing time-delay, its output terminal is electronegative potential, and relay discharges, power cutoff.After namely entering Energy Saving Control, the time-delay certain hour is set as required, turn-offs whole power supplys.C4 is anti-interference capacitor.
Start: pressing AN1 is the 1-2 time of second, and power connection starts the controlled electrical equipment of master control and enters normal operating conditions.
Shutdown:
A: turn-off master control electrical equipment, master control electrical equipment quits work, and through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
B: master control electrical equipment is finished the work, and enters holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cuts off the electricity supply.
C: electrical equipment through electric circuit inspection, is cut off the electricity supply after entering program shutdown timing shutdown.
D: make the master control electric appliance standby with telepilot, after setting the televisor turning device to sleep mode, become holding state, through electric circuit inspection, cut off the electricity supply.
E: press and close button AN2.
Standby energy-saving apparatus, master control electrical equipment shutdown or work are finished and are entered holding state, and output is carried out Energy Saving Control during less than the power set, and the time-delay of serial equipment power supply is all turn-offed, and zero-power is energy-conservation.Control a machine, turn-off all.Be fit to single electrical equipment or a plurality of relevant electric appliance series use.Utilize the power-measuring circuit of electronic electric energy meter, be fit to the load detecting of various performances, the control circuit element is few, and cost is low, and is convenient and practical, energy-saving safe, and memorandum saves trouble.

Claims (1)

1. standby energy-saving apparatus is characterized in that, by starting button, system power supply, electron watt-hour meter, energy-saving control circuit, time delayed turn-off circuit, relay, master control output terminal and controlled output terminal composition; The normally opened contact JK1 of startup button AN1 and relay also connects, be serially connected with power supply input L end and power supply output L end again, power supply output L holds one the tunnel to connect electron watt-hour meter terminals one, power supply input N end connects electron watt-hour meter terminals three, electron watt-hour meter terminals one and terminals four connect controlled electrical equipment, be controlled output terminal ⑺, electron watt-hour meter terminals two and terminals four connect master control electrical equipment, are master control output terminal ⑻; Controlled output terminal ⑺ meets the system power supply ⑵ of capacitance current-limiting step-down and rectifying and wave-filtering voltage stabilizing, and system power supply is connected in energy-saving control circuit ⑷, time delayed turn-off circuit ⑸; The positive pole of system power supply through resistance R 4, light emitting diode TD1 to the system power supply negative pole; Power supply output L end links the system power cathode; The positive pole of system power supply connects electron watt-hour meter terminals five, the resistance R 8 of electron watt-hour meter terminals the six channels serial connection, stabilivolt VD3 is to the base stage of triode Q1, the base stage of triode Q1 through capacitor C 4 to the system power supply negative pole, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q1, the collector of triode Q1 connects capacitor C 1 to the system power supply negative pole, the collector warp of triode Q1 and the resistance R 1 that connects, diode D3 is to the system power supply positive pole, the collector of triode Q1 is through stabilivolt VD1, resistance R 5 is to the base stage of triode Q2, the negative pole of the emitter welding system power supply of triode Q2, the collector one tunnel of triode Q2 is through the positive pole of resistance R 7 welding system power supplys, another road of the collector of triode Q2 is through diode D4, resistance R 8 connects electron watt-hour meter terminals six, the another road of the collector of triode Q2 is through stabilivolt VD2, resistance R 6 connects the base stage of triode Q3, the emitter welding system positive source of triode Q3, the collector of triode Q3 connects the triggering input end of delay control circuit IC1 through resistance R 2, the triggering input termination capacitor C 2 of delay control circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply, the triggering input end of delay control circuit IC1 is through resistance R 3, close button AN2 welding system positive source, the coil-end of the output relay termination of delay control circuit IC1 is to the negative pole of system power supply; The electron watt-hour meter terminals five that have are different with terminals six marks, and namely the electron watt-hour meter count pulse is used for optocoupler output terminal CK1 and the CK2 of test.
CN 201320253453 2013-05-11 2013-05-11 Standby energy-saving apparatus Expired - Fee Related CN203217317U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320253453 CN203217317U (en) 2013-05-11 2013-05-11 Standby energy-saving apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201320253453 CN203217317U (en) 2013-05-11 2013-05-11 Standby energy-saving apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203217317U true CN203217317U (en) 2013-09-25

Family

ID=49206839

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201320253453 Expired - Fee Related CN203217317U (en) 2013-05-11 2013-05-11 Standby energy-saving apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN203217317U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104167720A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-26 中北大学 Power-saving controller for automatically detecting states of power device and supply network and delaying outage

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104167720A (en) * 2014-08-12 2014-11-26 中北大学 Power-saving controller for automatically detecting states of power device and supply network and delaying outage
CN104167720B (en) * 2014-08-12 2017-02-15 中北大学 Power-saving controller for automatically detecting states of power device and supply network and delaying outage

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202583782U (en) Power saving control device
CN203367975U (en) Standby electricity-saving device of overvoltage protection
CN203217317U (en) Standby energy-saving apparatus
CN202696569U (en) Electricity saving control device for high-power electric appliance
CN202677105U (en) Energy-saving power-off controller
CN202586909U (en) Energy-saving control device
CN203191760U (en) Standby energy-saving device
CN203038029U (en) An energy-saving device started by remote control
CN203054495U (en) Standby control circuit
CN202696566U (en) Household appliance energy-saving controller
CN202696572U (en) Energy saving control circuit
CN203038030U (en) An energy-saving control circuit capable of achieving remotely-controlled standby
CN203025500U (en) Remote-control starting energy-saving device
CN203352134U (en) Energy-saving device for overvoltage protection
CN202583753U (en) Power saving control device
CN203191732U (en) Standby power-saving controller
CN203084470U (en) Energy-saving device
CN202583754U (en) Energy-saving control device
CN102681460A (en) Power-saving control device
CN202616140U (en) Energy-saving control switch
CN103279044A (en) Standby power-saving controller
CN202696571U (en) Household appliance energy-saving control device
CN102681459A (en) Electricity-saving control device for high-power electric appliance
CN202583752U (en) Electricity saving controller
CN203301610U (en) Standby power saving device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130925

Termination date: 20140511

C17 Cessation of patent right