CN102535373A - Sweeper - Google Patents

Sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102535373A
CN102535373A CN2012100366790A CN201210036679A CN102535373A CN 102535373 A CN102535373 A CN 102535373A CN 2012100366790 A CN2012100366790 A CN 2012100366790A CN 201210036679 A CN201210036679 A CN 201210036679A CN 102535373 A CN102535373 A CN 102535373A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
rotation
car
bristle
axis
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Granted
Application number
CN2012100366790A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102535373B (en
Inventor
郭天桥
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Anhui Jiangtian sanitation equipment Co., Ltd
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郭天桥
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Priority to CN201210036679.0A priority Critical patent/CN102535373B/en
Publication of CN102535373A publication Critical patent/CN102535373A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102535373B publication Critical patent/CN102535373B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

A sweeper comprises a sweeper body, a trash bin, a cleaning device and a cleaning drive mechanism. A rotary cleaning disc is disposed on a near-road-edge side of the sweeper body and provided with a support and a rotary shaft rotatably connected with the support, a plurality of rotating arms are radially disposed on the rotary shaft, a cleaning broom is disposed at one end of each rotating arm, the support is provided with a lifting cam, and each rotating arm is provided with a driven bar in sliding contact with the lifting cam. Outside the sweeper body, bristles of the cleaning brooms elastically and slidably contact with the ground and enter pits or slits for cleaning under elasticity. A lateral cleaning device is disposed on the other side of the sweeper body. A rear cleaning device is disposed at the rear of the sweeper body. Dust and dirt can be collected into a garbage bucket, and secondary splash of dust and dirt can be prevented. Using the sweeper can solve the problem that road cleaning quality is severely affected due to the fact that dust and dirt in pits or slits cannot thoroughly cleaned with bristles of rotary wheel brushes of an existing sweeper, and implementation of mechanization of road sweeping vehicles is quickened.

Description

Road-sweeper
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of clearing apparatus, particularly a kind of road-sweeper.
Background technology
In order to alleviate sanitationman's labour intensity, improve the efficient and the quality of road-cleaning, need to use road-sweeper cleaning road to replace old-fashioned hand sweeping.The clearing apparatus that is provided with on the road-sweeper that uses at present all is the swiveling wheel brush; The bristle that swiveling wheel brushes setting during work is to be parallel to ground; Or be bordering on the inswept ground of the state that is parallel to ground, when there is hollow damaged, that distortion causes in ground, or brick floor file face is when existing the slit; Be parallel to ground or be bordering on dust and the dirt that the swiveling wheel brush bristle that is parallel to ground can't be cleared away hollow or place, slit, had a strong impact on the quality of road-cleaning.
Summary of the invention
Can't clear away the dust and the dirt at hollow or place, slit for the swiveling wheel brush bristle that solves present road-sweeper; Have a strong impact on the problem of road-cleaning quality; The present invention proposes the road-sweeper that a kind of setting is equipped with the rotary cleaning dish of cleaning brush, and employed technical scheme is:
Road-sweeper comprises car body, dustbin, clearing apparatus and cleaning driving mechanism, and a side of the contiguous road edge of car body is provided with the rotary cleaning dish; The axis of rotation that the rotary cleaning dish is provided with support and is rotatably connected with support, support is fixedly connected with car body, and the axis of axis of rotation vertically is provided with; Axis of rotation is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, along the radial direction of axis of rotation a plurality of turning arms is set, and turning arm is a rod-like structure; Turning arm is hinged near an end and the axis of rotation of axis of rotation, and the axis of hinged jointed shaft is parallel to the ground, and the not hinged end of turning arm fixedly installs cleaning brush; Cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle, and the cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure, the sagging below that is arranged on turning arm of cleaning brush holder support; The sagging lower end that is arranged on the cleaning brush holder support of cleaning bristle, support fixedly installs lifter cam, and the working profile of lifter cam is around the axis of rotation setting; Turning arm fixedly installs follower lever, and the termination of follower lever contacts with the working profile gravitational sliding of lifter cam, and the working profile of lifter cam is provided with cleaning section working profile and non-cleaning section working profile; Cleaning section working profile is positioned at the lateral direction of car body, and non-cleaning section working profile is positioned at the side direction of car body, in the termination and the cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever; The lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm, in the termination and the non-cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever, the lower end of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm is face non-contiguously; A car body side of road edge dorsad is provided with the side clearing apparatus, and the side clearing apparatus comprises side cleaning roller and side cleaning roller shaft, and side cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure; Side cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of side cleaning roller shaft, and side cleaning roller shaft is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of side cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and parallel with the direction of advance of car body; Whole circumferential surfaces of side cleaning roller are disposed radially side cleaning roller bristle, the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the side cleaning roller bristle of side cleaning roller soffit, and rotary cleaning dish and side clearing apparatus are provided with the back clearing apparatus along the rear of the direction of advance of car body; Back clearing apparatus comprises back cleaning roller and back cleaning roller shaft, and back cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure, and back cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of back cleaning roller shaft; Cleaning roller shaft in back is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of back cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and vertical with the direction of advance of car body, and whole circumferential surfaces of back cleaning roller are disposed radially back cleaning roller bristle; The elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the back cleaning roller bristle of back cleaning roller soffit; The direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish for the cleaning bristle from the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of the lateral car body of car body, the direction of rotation of side cleaning roller is a side cleaning roller bristle in the interior sideway swivel to car body of the soffit of side cleaning roller, the direction of rotation of back cleaning roller be that the soffit of back cleaning roller bristle cleaning roller in the back rotates to the place ahead of car body; The place ahead of back cleaning roller is provided with refuse hopper; Refuse hopper is the spade structure, the inlet ground proximity of refuse hopper and back cleaning roller, and refuse hopper is connected with the dustbin transfer passage.
Road-sweeper; Axis of rotation, side cleaning roller shaft and back cleaning roller shaft are provided with the cleaning driving mechanism respectively; The cleaning driving mechanism is machinery cleaning driving mechanism, electronic cleaning driving mechanism and/or hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism; Machinery cleaning driving mechanism is provided with internal combustion engine or power takeoff, and the drive unit of power takeoff and road-sweeper is in transmission connection; Electronic cleaning driving mechanism is electrically connected with the power supply of road-sweeper; The road-sweeper that hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is set is provided with hydraulic means, and hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is connected with the hydraulic means pipeline.
Road-sweeper; Between the support of rotary cleaning dish, side clearing apparatus and/or back clearing apparatus and the car body up-down fixed connection apparatus is set; The up-down fixed connection apparatus is provided with 2 and is fixedly connected the position; 2 are fixedly connected the position for cleaning fixed connection position is fixedly connected the position with non-cleaning, are fixedly connected the position in cleaning, are positioned at the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination that the roller bristle is cleaned in following cleaning bristle, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back; Be fixedly connected the position in non-cleaning, the termination that is positioned at following cleaning bristle, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle is face non-contiguously.
Road-sweeper, the termination of follower lever is provided with roller, and roller rolls to contact with the working profile of lifter cam and is connected.
Road-sweeper is provided with back-moving spring between turning arm and support, and the termination of follower lever is connected with the working profile elastic pressure sliding-contact of lifter cam.
Road-sweeper, the lower end of cleaning brush holder support is stretched out setting towards the cleaning bristle of axis of rotation lateral direction one end to the outer below of axis of rotation.
The end that road-sweeper, turning arm are provided with cleaning brush is set to folding arm, and folding arm and turning arm are articulated and connected; The folding arm back-moving spring is set between folding arm and turning arm, and folding arm is provided with the folding arm driven member, and the folding arm driven member is folding arm follower lever or folding arm return idler; Side shield is set, and side shield is fixedly connected with support, and the position of the curb of the road that the position of side shield and car body are contiguous adapts; Side shield is provided with position regulator; Folding arm driven member and the sliding-contact of side shield discontinuous cycle, in the position of folding arm driven member and side shield sliding-contact, folding arm bends with respect to the rear of turning arm to the turning arm direction of rotation; The folding arm driven member not with the position of side shield sliding-contact, the axis of folding arm and the axis of turning arm are coaxial.
Road-sweeper, the front end of the axis of side cleaning roller tilts 0 degree to 30 degree to the lateral direction of car body.
Road-sweeper; Both sides at car body are symmetrical set the rotary cleaning dish respectively; The cleaning section working profile of the lifter cam of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the lateral direction of car body; The non-cleaning section working profile of the lifter cam of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the interior side direction of car body, and the direction of rotation of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish is symmetrical set, and the direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of cleaning bristle from the lateral car body of car body.
Road-sweeper is provided with a plurality of turning arms along the radial direction of axis of rotation, and turning arm is fixedly connected with axis of rotation near an end of axis of rotation; The turning arm other end of axis of rotation dorsad fixedly installs cleaning brush; Cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle, and the cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure, the sagging below that is arranged on turning arm of cleaning brush holder support; The sagging lower end that is arranged on the cleaning brush holder support of cleaning bristle; To 30 degree, or the upper end of axis of rotation tilts 5 degree to 20 degree to outer tilt 5 degree to 30 degree of car body and to the rear of car body, is positioned at the position of car body lateral direction or outside back direction at axis of rotation to the outer tilt of car body 5 degree in the upper end of axis of rotation; Corresponding cleaning bristle is towards ground, the lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of corresponding cleaning bristle; At the position of other direction of axis of rotation, the lower end of corresponding cleaning bristle is face non-contiguously.
Road-sweeper of the present invention, the technique effect that adopts technique scheme to obtain is:
Road-sweeper comprises car body, dustbin, clearing apparatus and cleaning driving mechanism, and a side of the contiguous road edge of car body is provided with the rotary cleaning dish; The axis of rotation that the rotary cleaning dish is provided with support and is rotatably connected with support, support is fixedly connected with car body, and the axis of axis of rotation vertically is provided with; Axis of rotation is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, along the radial direction of axis of rotation a plurality of turning arms is set, and turning arm is a rod-like structure; Turning arm is hinged near an end and the axis of rotation of axis of rotation, and the axis of hinged jointed shaft is parallel to the ground, and the not hinged end of turning arm fixedly installs cleaning brush; Cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle, and the cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure, the sagging below that is arranged on turning arm of cleaning brush holder support; The sagging lower end that is arranged on the cleaning brush holder support of cleaning bristle, support fixedly installs lifter cam, and the working profile of lifter cam is around the axis of rotation setting; Turning arm fixedly installs follower lever, and the termination of follower lever contacts with the working profile gravitational sliding of lifter cam, and the working profile of lifter cam is provided with cleaning section working profile and non-cleaning section working profile; Cleaning section working profile is positioned at the lateral direction of car body, and non-cleaning section working profile is positioned at the side direction of car body, in the termination and the cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever; The lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm, in the termination and the non-cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever, the lower end of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm is face non-contiguously; During the axis of rotation rotation, turning arm rotates with axis of rotation, and the lifter cam that is fixedly connected with support is fixed; The follower lever that turning arm fixedly installs constantly goes up and down with the working profile of lifter cam, turns to the lateral direction of car body at turning arm, and the termination of follower lever contacts with the gravitational sliding of cleaning section working profile; Turning arm around jointed shaft to lower swing; The lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm, under the compound motion that axis of rotation rotates and car body moves ahead, the inswept ground of lower end elastic pressure of cleaning bristle; Realize road surface cleaning; When hollow or slit appear in the road surface, rely on original elastic pressure to produce distortion with the lower end of the vertical basically cleaning bristle in ground and get in hollow or the slit, the elastic pressure of keeping with hollow or bottom, slit cleans the bottom in hollow or slit; Can dust and the dirt that car body closes on road edge one side be swept in the scope that car body covers; So that sweep refuse hopper, thereby the swiveling wheel that has solved present road-sweeper is brushed dust and the dirt that bristle can't be cleared away hollow or place, slit, has a strong impact on the problem of road-cleaning quality.Turn to the interior side direction of car body at turning arm; The termination of follower lever contacts with the gravitational sliding of non-cleaning section working profile; Turning arm is around upwards swing of jointed shaft; The lower end disengaging of the cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm and contacting of ground, cleaning bristle and the ground sliding friction avoiding not carrying out the cleaning task produce resistance.A car body side of road edge dorsad is provided with the side clearing apparatus; The side clearing apparatus comprises side cleaning roller and side cleaning roller shaft; Side cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure, and side cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of side cleaning roller shaft, and side cleaning roller shaft is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism; The axis of side cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and parallel with the direction of advance of car body; Whole circumferential surfaces of side cleaning roller are disposed radially side cleaning roller bristle, the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the side cleaning roller bristle of side cleaning roller soffit, can with car body dorsad the dust of road edge one side sweep in the scope of car body covering with dirt; Sweep in the refuse hopper by back cleaning roller, realize road surface cleaning.Rotary cleaning dish and side clearing apparatus are provided with the back clearing apparatus along the rear of the direction of advance of car body; Back clearing apparatus comprises back cleaning roller and back cleaning roller shaft; Back cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure; Back cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of back cleaning roller shaft, and cleaning roller shaft in back is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of back cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and vertical with the direction of advance of car body; Whole circumferential surfaces of back cleaning roller are disposed radially back cleaning roller bristle; The elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the back cleaning roller bristle of back cleaning roller soffit can be swept dust in the car body coverage and dirt forwards, prevent that dust and dirt are retained in car after.The direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of cleaning bristle from the lateral car body of car body; The direction of rotation of side cleaning roller is that side cleaning roller bristle cleans the interior sideway swivel of the soffit of roller to car body in side, can dust and dirt be swept in the scope of car body covering.The soffit that the direction of rotation of back cleaning roller is cleaned roller bristle cleaning roller in the back after being is to the place ahead of car body rotation; The place ahead of back cleaning roller is provided with refuse hopper; Refuse hopper is the spade structure; The inlet ground proximity of refuse hopper and back cleaning roller can sweep dust and dirt in the refuse hopper, accomplish car body continuously and pass through road surface cleaning work.Refuse hopper is connected with the dustbin transfer passage, can dust and the dirt that refuse hopper is collected be accommodated into dustbin, prevents that the secondary of dust and dirt from spilling.
Road-sweeper; Axis of rotation, side cleaning roller shaft and back cleaning roller shaft are provided with the cleaning driving mechanism respectively; The cleaning driving mechanism is machinery cleaning driving mechanism, electronic cleaning driving mechanism and/or hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism, can multiple choices be provided for the type of drive of each clearing apparatus.Machinery cleaning driving mechanism is provided with internal combustion engine or power takeoff; The drive unit of power takeoff and road-sweeper is in transmission connection; Can select to use the internal combustion engine of independent setting that power is provided, also can be used for the driving of clearing apparatus from the motor extraction power of road-sweeper through power takeoff.Electronic cleaning driving mechanism is electrically connected with the power supply of road-sweeper, can utilize the supply unit of road-sweeper to drive clearing apparatus.The road-sweeper that hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is set is provided with hydraulic means, and hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is connected the hydraulic-driven that can realize clearing apparatus with the hydraulic means pipeline.
Road-sweeper; Between the support of rotary cleaning dish, side clearing apparatus and/or back clearing apparatus and the car body up-down fixed connection apparatus is set; The up-down fixed connection apparatus is provided with 2 and is fixedly connected the position; 2 are fixedly connected the position and are fixedly connected the position with non-cleaning for cleaning is fixedly connected the position; Be fixedly connected the position in cleaning, be positioned at the termination kiss the earth of following cleaning bristle, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle, can make cleaning brush hair, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle accomplish road surface cleaning work.Be fixedly connected the position in non-cleaning; The termination that is positioned at following cleaning bristle, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle is face non-contiguously, in the time of can avoiding cleaning bristle, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle and not working with the meaningless resistance of ground friction generation.
Road-sweeper, the termination of follower lever is provided with roller, and the contact of rolling of the working profile of roller and lifter cam is connected, the frictional force between the termination that can reduce follower lever and the working profile of lifter cam, minimizing kinetic equation loss, prolongation mechanism working life.
Road-sweeper; Between turning arm and support back-moving spring is set; The termination of follower lever is connected with the working profile elastic pressure sliding-contact of lifter cam; After can preventing that factor such as dirty, corrosion from increasing the frictional force of turning arm pin joint, it is not smooth that turning arm swings up and down, and causes rotary cleaning dish cisco unity malfunction.
Road-sweeper, the lower end of cleaning brush holder support is stretched out setting towards the cleaning bristle of axis of rotation lateral direction one end to the outer below of axis of rotation, can increase the radius and the scope of the cleaning of cleaning bristle, and can improve the road surface cleaning effect of next-door neighbour's road curb.
The end that road-sweeper, turning arm are provided with cleaning brush is set to folding arm, and folding arm and turning arm are articulated and connected; The folding arm back-moving spring is set between folding arm and turning arm, and folding arm is provided with the folding arm driven member, and the folding arm driven member is folding arm follower lever or folding arm return idler; Side shield is set, and side shield is fixedly connected with support, and the position of the curb of the road that the position of side shield and car body are contiguous adapts; Side shield is provided with position regulator; Folding arm driven member and the sliding-contact of side shield discontinuous cycle, in the position of folding arm driven member and side shield sliding-contact, folding arm bends with respect to the rear of turning arm to the turning arm direction of rotation; The folding arm driven member not with the position of side shield sliding-contact; The axis of folding arm and the axis of turning arm are coaxial, can make cleaning brush paste the cleaning that the road curb carries out a segment distance, improve the road surface cleaning effect of next-door neighbour's road curb.
Road-sweeper, the front end of the axis of side cleaning roller tilts 0 degree to 30 degree to the lateral direction of car body, and the dust at the scope edge that can be better car body be covered and dirt sweep in the scope that car body covers, and guarantee the effect of cleaning.
Road-sweeper; Both sides at car body are symmetrical set the rotary cleaning dish respectively; The cleaning section of the lifter cam of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the lateral direction of car body; The non-cleaning section of the lifter cam of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the interior side direction of car body, and the direction of rotation of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish is symmetrical set, and the direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of cleaning bristle from the lateral car body of car body; Can realize the symmetry cleaning of the car body left and right sides, further improve the cleaning effect.
Road-sweeper, the radial direction of rotary cleaning rim axis of rotation is provided with a plurality of turning arms, and turning arm is fixedly connected with axis of rotation near an end of axis of rotation; The turning arm other end of axis of rotation dorsad fixedly installs cleaning brush, and cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle, and the cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure; The sagging below that is arranged on turning arm of cleaning brush holder support, the sagging lower end that is arranged on the cleaning brush holder support of cleaning bristle, the upper end of axis of rotation is spent to 30 degree to the outer tilt 5 of car body; Or the upper end of axis of rotation tilts 5 degree to 20 degree to the outer tilt of car body 5 degree to 30 degree and to the rear of car body, is positioned at the position of car body lateral direction or outside back direction at axis of rotation, and corresponding cleaning bristle is towards ground; The lower end kiss the earth of corresponding cleaning bristle; Can use rotary cleaning dish, under the situation that turning arm does not swing up and down, utilize the inclination of axis of rotation through simplifying; Make the cleaning bristle be positioned at the position kiss the earth of car body lateral direction or outside back direction at axis of rotation; Realize cleaning function, simplified manufacturing process, reduced manufacturing cost.At the position of other direction of axis of rotation, the lower end of corresponding cleaning bristle is face non-contiguously, in the time of can avoiding cleaning bristle and not working and ground friction produce meaningless resistance.
Use road-sweeper of the present invention, the swiveling wheel brush bristle that can solve present road-sweeper can't be cleared away the dust and the dirt at hollow or place, slit, has a strong impact on the problem of road-cleaning quality, accelerates to realize road-cleaning machineryization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of road-sweeper rotary cleaning dish of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the plan structure sketch map of road-sweeper of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the side-looking structural representation of road-sweeper of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the side-looking structural representation that the turning arm of road-sweeper rotary cleaning dish of the present invention is provided with folding arm.
Fig. 5 is the plan structure sketch map that the turning arm of road-sweeper rotary cleaning dish of the present invention is provided with folding arm.
Fig. 6 is the plan structure sketch map that the axis of road-sweeper side cleaning roller of the present invention tilts.
Fig. 7 is the plan structure sketch map that the bilateral symmetry of road-sweeper car body of the present invention is provided with the rotary cleaning dish.
Fig. 8 is the side-looking structural representation of the fixing rotary cleaning dish of road-sweeper turning arm of the present invention.
Sign implication among the figure is following:
1-rotary cleaning dish, 2-support, 3-axis of rotation, 4-car body, 5-turning arm, 6-cleaning brush; 7-cleans brush holder support, and 8-cleans bristle, 9-lifter cam, 10-cleaning section working profile, the non-cleaning section of 11-working profile; 12-side clearing apparatus, 13-side cleaning roller, 14-side cleaning roller shaft, clearing apparatus behind the 15-cleans roller behind the 16-; The 17-refuse hopper, the 18-dustbin, 19-cleans drive unit, 20-up-down fixed connection apparatus, 21-roller; The 22-back-moving spring, 23-folding arm, 24-folding arm back-moving spring, 25-folding arm return idler, 26-side shield.
The specific embodiment
Road-sweeper of the present invention, structure comprise car body 4, dustbin 18, clearing apparatus and cleaning driving mechanism 19 as shown in Figures 2 and 3; One side of car body 4 contiguous road edges is provided with the rotary cleaning dish, and the structural representation of rotary cleaning dish is as shown in Figure 1, the axis of rotation 3 that rotary cleaning dish 1 is provided with support 2 and is rotatably connected with support 2; Support 2 is fixedly connected with car body 4; The axis of axis of rotation 3 vertically is provided with, and axis of rotation 3 is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, along the radial direction of axis of rotation 3 a plurality of turning arms 5 is set; Usually the quantity of turning arm 5 is 6 to 12, and a plurality of turning arms 5 are uniformly distributed with setting along the circumferencial direction of axis of rotation 3 usually.Turning arm 5 is a rod-like structure, and turning arm 5 is hinged near an end and the axis of rotation 3 of axis of rotation 3, and the axis of hinged jointed shaft is parallel to the ground; The not hinged end of turning arm 5 fixedly installs cleaning brush 6, and cleaning brush 6 comprises cleaning brush holder support 7 and cleaning bristle 8, and cleaning brush holder support 7 is a rod-like structure; The cleaning brush holder support 7 sagging belows that are arranged on turning arm 5, the cleaning bristle 8 sagging lower ends that are arranged on cleaning brush holder support 7, support 2 fixedly installs lifter cam 9; The working profile of lifter cam 9 is provided with around axis of rotation 3, and turning arm 5 fixedly installs follower lever, and the termination of follower lever contacts with the working profile gravitational sliding of lifter cam 9; The working profile of lifter cam 9 is provided with cleaning section working profile 10 and non-cleaning section working profile 11, and cleaning section working profile 10 is positioned at the lateral direction of car body 4, and non-cleaning section working profile 11 is positioned at the side direction of car body 4; In the termination and cleaning section working profile 10 gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever, the lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of the cleaning bristle 8 of corresponding rotation arm 5 is in the termination and the non-cleaning section working profile 11 gravitational sliding position contacting of follower lever; The lower end of the cleaning bristle 8 of corresponding rotation arm 5 is face non-contiguously; Car body 4 side of road edge dorsad is provided with side clearing apparatus 12, and side clearing apparatus 12 comprises side cleaning roller 13 and side cleaning roller shaft 14, and side cleaning roller 13 is a cylindrical structure; Side cleaning roller 13 is set in the periphery of side cleaning roller shaft 14; Side cleaning roller shaft 14 is in transmission connection with cleaning driving mechanism 19, and the axis of side cleaning roller 13 is parallel to the ground and parallel with the direction of advance of car body 4, and whole circumferential surfaces of side cleaning roller 13 are disposed radially side cleaning roller bristle; The elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the side cleaning roller bristle of side cleaning roller 13 soffits; Rotary cleaning dish 1 and side clearing apparatus 12 are provided with back clearing apparatus 15 along the rear of car body direction of advance, and back clearing apparatus 15 comprises back cleaning roller 16 and back cleaning roller shaft, and it is cylindrical structure that roller 16 is cleaned in the back; Back cleaning roller 16 is set in the periphery of back cleaning roller shaft; Cleaning roller shaft in back is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of back cleaning roller 16 is parallel to the ground and vertical with the direction of advance of car body 4, and whole circumferential surfaces of back cleaning roller 16 are disposed radially back cleaning roller bristle; The elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the back cleaning roller bristle of back cleaning roller 16 soffits; The direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish 1 for cleaning bristle 8 from the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of the lateral car body 4 of car body 4, the direction of rotation of side cleaning roller 13 is a side cleaning roller bristle in the interior sideway swivel to car body 4 of the soffit of side cleaning roller 13, the direction of rotation of back cleaning roller 16 be that the soffit of back cleaning roller bristle cleaning roller 16 in the back rotates to the place ahead of car body 4; The place ahead of back cleaning roller 16 is provided with refuse hopper 17; Refuse hopper 17 is the spade structure, the inlet ground proximity of refuse hopper 17 and back cleaning roller 16, and refuse hopper 17 is connected with dustbin 18 transfer passages.
Road-sweeper; Axis of rotation 3, side cleaning roller shaft 14 and back cleaning roller shaft are provided with cleaning driving mechanism 19 respectively; Cleaning driving mechanism 19 is machinery cleaning driving mechanism, electronic cleaning driving mechanism and/or hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism; Machinery cleaning driving mechanism is provided with internal combustion engine or power takeoff, and the drive unit of power takeoff and road-sweeper is in transmission connection; Electronic cleaning driving mechanism is electrically connected with the power supply of road-sweeper; The road-sweeper that hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is set is provided with hydraulic means, and hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is connected with the hydraulic means pipeline.
Road-sweeper; Between the support 2 of rotary cleaning dish 1, side clearing apparatus 12 and/or back clearing apparatus 15 and the car body 4 up-down fixed connection apparatus 20 is set; Up-down fixed connection apparatus 20 is provided with 2 and is fixedly connected the position; 2 are fixedly connected the position for cleaning fixed connection position is fixedly connected the position with non-cleaning, are fixedly connected the position in cleaning, are positioned at the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination that the roller bristle is cleaned in following cleaning bristle 8, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back; Be fixedly connected the position in non-cleaning, the termination that is positioned at following cleaning bristle 8, side cleaning roller bristle and/or back cleaning roller bristle is face non-contiguously.
Road-sweeper, the termination of follower lever is provided with roller 21, and roller 21 rolls to contact with the working profile of lifter cam 9 and is connected.
Road-sweeper, 2 on turning arm 5 and support are provided with back-moving spring 22, and the termination of follower lever is connected with the working profile elastic pressure sliding-contact of lifter cam 9.
Road-sweeper, the lower end of cleaning brush holder support 7 is stretched out setting towards the cleaning bristle 8 of axis of rotation 3 lateral direction one end to the outer below of axis of rotation 3.
Road-sweeper; The end that turning arm 5 is provided with cleaning brush 6 is set to folding arm 23; Folding arm 23 is articulated and connected with turning arm 5, and 5 of folding arm 23 and turning arms are provided with folding arm back-moving spring 24, and folding arm 23 is provided with the folding arm driven member; The folding arm driven member is folding arm follower lever or folding arm return idler 25, is folding arm return idler 25 shown in the figure.Side shield 26 is set; Side shield 26 is fixedly connected with support 2; The position of the curb of the road of the position of side shield 26 and car body 4 vicinities adapts; Side shield 26 is provided with position regulator, the mode that the simplest position regulator can adopt elongated slot and bolt to be used, and utilize the position of the side shield 26 that bolt adjusts.Folding arm driven member and side shield 26 discontinuous cycle sliding-contacts; Position in folding arm driven member and side shield 26 sliding-contacts; Folding arm 23 bends with respect to the rear of turning arm 5 to turning arm 5 direction of rotation; The folding arm driven member not with the position of side shield 26 sliding-contacts, the axis of the axis of folding arm 23 and turning arm 5 is coaxial.
Road-sweeper, the front end of the axis of side cleaning roller 13 tilts 0 degree to 30 degree to the lateral direction of car body 4.
Road-sweeper; Both sides at car body 4 are symmetrical set rotary cleaning dish 1 respectively; The cleaning section working profile 10 of the lifter cam 9 of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish 1 lays respectively at the lateral direction of car body 4; The non-cleaning section working profile 11 of the lifter cam 9 of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish 1 lays respectively at the interior side direction of car body 4; The direction of rotation of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish 1 is symmetrical set, and the direction of rotation of rotary cleaning dish 1 is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of cleaning bristle 8 from the lateral car body 4 of car body 4.
Road-sweeper is provided with a plurality of turning arms 5 along the radial direction of axis of rotation 3, and turning arm 5 is fixedly connected with axis of rotation 3 near an end of axis of rotation 3; Turning arm 5 other end of axis of rotation 3 dorsad fixedly installs cleaning brush 6; Cleaning brush 6 comprises cleaning brush holder support 7 and cleaning bristle 8, and cleaning brush holder support 7 is a rod-like structure, the cleaning brush holder support 7 sagging belows that are arranged on turning arm 5; The cleaning bristle 8 sagging lower ends that are arranged on cleaning brush holder support 7; To 30 degree, or the upper end of axis of rotation 3 tilts 5 degree to 20 degree to outer tilt 5 degree to 30 degree of car body 4 and to the rear of car body 4, is positioned at the position of car body 4 lateral direction or outside back direction at axis of rotation 3 to the outer tilt of car body 45 degree in the upper end of axis of rotation 3; Corresponding cleaning bristle 8 is towards ground, the lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of corresponding cleaning bristle 8; At the position of axis of rotation 3 other directions, the lower end of corresponding cleaning bristle 8 is face non-contiguously.
On the car body 4 water tank can be set; The place ahead and/or the top of rotary cleaning dish 1, side cleaning roller 13 and/or back cleaning roller 16 are provided with water jet; Water jet is connected with the water tank pipeline; Valve is set on the connecting line, can be as required to bristle and/or ground water spray, to prevent or to reduce the generation of airborne dust.
Road-sweeper of the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments, and every principle of the present invention and structure utilized passed through conversion, replacement and/or made up formed technical scheme, all in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. road-sweeper comprises car body, dustbin, clearing apparatus and cleaning driving mechanism, it is characterized in that: a side of the contiguous road edge of car body is provided with the rotary cleaning dish; The axis of rotation that said rotary cleaning dish is provided with support and is rotatably connected with support, said support is fixedly connected with car body, and the axis of said axis of rotation vertically is provided with; Said axis of rotation is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the radial direction of the said axis of rotation in edge is provided with a plurality of turning arms, and said turning arm is a rod-like structure; Said turning arm is hinged near an end and the said axis of rotation of said axis of rotation, and the axis of said hinged jointed shaft is parallel to the ground, and the not hinged end of said turning arm fixedly installs cleaning brush; Said cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle, and said cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure, the sagging below that is arranged on said turning arm of said cleaning brush holder support; The sagging lower end that is arranged on said cleaning brush holder support of said cleaning bristle, said support fixedly installs lifter cam, and the working profile of said lifter cam is around said axis of rotation setting; Said turning arm fixedly installs follower lever, and the termination of said follower lever contacts with the working profile gravitational sliding of said lifter cam, and the working profile of said lifter cam is provided with cleaning section working profile and non-cleaning section working profile; Said cleaning section working profile is positioned at the lateral direction of said car body, and said non-cleaning section working profile is positioned at the side direction of said car body, in the termination and the said cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of said follower lever; The lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of the said cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm, in the termination and the said non-cleaning section working profile gravitational sliding position contacting of said follower lever, the lower end of the said cleaning bristle of corresponding rotation arm is face non-contiguously; A said car body side of road edge dorsad is provided with the side clearing apparatus, and said side clearing apparatus comprises side cleaning roller and side cleaning roller shaft, and said side cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure; Said side cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of said side cleaning roller shaft, and said side cleaning roller shaft is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of said side cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and parallel with the direction of advance of said car body; Whole circumferential surfaces of said side cleaning roller are disposed radially side cleaning roller bristle, the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the said side cleaning roller bristle of said side cleaning roller soffit, and said rotary cleaning dish and said side clearing apparatus are provided with the back clearing apparatus along the rear of the direction of advance of said car body; Said back clearing apparatus comprises back cleaning roller and back cleaning roller shaft, and said back cleaning roller is a cylindrical structure, and said back cleaning roller housing is loaded on the periphery of said back cleaning roller shaft; Said back cleaning roller shaft is in transmission connection with the cleaning driving mechanism, and the axis of said back cleaning roller is parallel to the ground and vertical with the direction of advance of said car body, and whole circumferential surfaces of said back cleaning roller are disposed radially back cleaning roller bristle; The elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of the said back cleaning roller bristle of said back cleaning roller soffit; The direction of rotation of said rotary cleaning dish is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of said cleaning bristle from the said car body in lateral of said car body, and the direction of rotation of said side cleaning roller is said side cleaning roller bristle in the interior sideway swivel to said car body of the soffit of said side cleaning roller, and the direction of rotation of said back cleaning roller is said back cleaning roller bristle at the soffit of said back cleaning roller to the place ahead of said car body rotation; The place ahead of said back cleaning roller is provided with refuse hopper; Said refuse hopper is the spade structure, the inlet ground proximity of said refuse hopper and said back cleaning roller, and said refuse hopper is connected with the dustbin transfer passage.
2. road-sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: said axis of rotation, said side cleaning roller shaft and said back cleaning roller shaft are provided with the cleaning driving mechanism respectively; Said cleaning driving mechanism is machinery cleaning driving mechanism, electronic cleaning driving mechanism and/or hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism; Said machinery cleaning driving mechanism is provided with internal combustion engine or power takeoff, and the drive unit of said power takeoff and road-sweeper is in transmission connection; Said electronic cleaning driving mechanism is electrically connected with the power supply of said road-sweeper; The road-sweeper that said hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is set is provided with hydraulic means, and said hydraulic pressure cleaning driving mechanism is connected with said hydraulic means pipeline.
3. road-sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: between the support of said rotary cleaning dish, said side clearing apparatus and/or said back clearing apparatus and the said car body up-down fixed connection apparatus is set; Said up-down fixed connection apparatus is provided with 2 and is fixedly connected the position; Said 2 fixed connection positions are fixedly connected the position for cleaning is fixedly connected the position with non-cleaning; Be fixedly connected the position in said cleaning, be positioned at the elastic pressure sliding-contact ground, termination of following said cleaning bristle, said side cleaning roller bristle and/or said back cleaning roller bristle; Be fixedly connected the position in said non-cleaning, the termination that is positioned at following said cleaning bristle, said side cleaning roller bristle and/or said back cleaning roller bristle is face non-contiguously.
4. road-sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the termination of said follower lever is provided with roller, and said roller rolls to contact with the working profile of said lifter cam and is connected.
5. road-sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that: between said turning arm and said support back-moving spring is set, the termination of said follower lever is connected with the working profile elastic pressure sliding-contact of said lifter cam.
6. road-sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lower end of said cleaning brush holder support is stretched out setting towards the said cleaning bristle of said axis of rotation lateral direction one end to the outer below of said axis of rotation.
7. road-sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the end that said turning arm is provided with cleaning brush is set to folding arm, and said folding arm and said turning arm are articulated and connected; Between said folding arm and said turning arm the folding arm back-moving spring is set; Said folding arm is provided with the folding arm driven member, and said folding arm driven member is folding arm follower lever or folding arm return idler, and side shield is set; Said side shield is fixedly connected with said support; The position of the curb of the road that the position of said side shield and said car body are contiguous adapts, and said side shield is provided with position regulator, said folding arm driven member and the sliding-contact of said side shield discontinuous cycle; Position in said folding arm driven member and said side shield sliding-contact; Said folding arm with respect to said turning arm to the bending of the rear of direction of rotation, said folding arm driven member not with the position of said side shield sliding-contact, the axis of said folding arm and the axis of turning arm are coaxial.
8. road-sweeper according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the front end of the axis of said side cleaning roller tilts 0 degree to 30 degree to the lateral direction of said car body.
9. road-sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the both sides at car body are symmetrical set the rotary cleaning dish respectively; The said cleaning section working profile of the lifter cam of symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the lateral direction of said car body; The said non-cleaning section working profile of the lifter cam of said symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish lays respectively at the interior side direction of said car body; The direction of rotation of said symmetrically arranged rotary cleaning dish is symmetrical set, and the direction of rotation of said rotary cleaning dish is the place ahead and the interior sideway swivel of said cleaning bristle from the said car body in lateral of said car body.
10. road-sweeper according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the radial direction along said axis of rotation is provided with a plurality of turning arms; Said turning arm is fixedly connected with said axis of rotation near an end of said axis of rotation, and the said turning arm other end of axis of rotation dorsad fixedly installs cleaning brush, and said cleaning brush comprises cleaning brush holder support and cleaning bristle; Said cleaning brush holder support is a rod-like structure; The sagging below that is arranged on said turning arm of said cleaning brush holder support, the sagging lower end that is arranged on said cleaning brush holder support of said cleaning bristle, the upper end of said axis of rotation is spent to 30 degree to the outer tilt 5 of said car body; Or the upper end of said axis of rotation tilts 5 degree to 20 degree to outer tilt 5 degree to 30 degree of said car body and to the rear of said car body; Be positioned at the position of said car body lateral direction or outside back direction at said axis of rotation, corresponding said cleaning bristle is towards ground, the lower end elastic pressure sliding-contact ground of corresponding said cleaning bristle; At the position of said other direction of axis of rotation, the lower end of corresponding said cleaning bristle is face non-contiguously.
CN201210036679.0A 2012-02-17 2012-02-17 Road-sweeper Active CN102535373B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108824300A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-16 安徽信康电子科技有限公司 A kind of auxiliary cleaning equipment for wayside pavilion ground region
CN111926749A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-11-13 泉州市汇达工业设计有限公司 Maintenance processing device for municipal road and bridge movement
CN112064559A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-11 安徽建筑大学城市建设学院 Gravity-guided roadside sweeper

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FR2602255A1 (en) * 1986-07-30 1988-02-05 Lesieur Frank Apparatus for picking up waste
US4754521A (en) * 1986-07-31 1988-07-05 Dulevo S.P.A Street sweeper machine for trash collecting
CN2162480Y (en) * 1993-09-03 1994-04-20 斯梦飞 Automatic clear machine
CN2450263Y (en) * 2000-11-27 2001-09-26 郭天桥 Road-sweeper
CN1544758A (en) * 2003-11-27 2004-11-10 河北工业大学 Small-sized floor sweeping dolly with pure sweeping motion
CN2683694Y (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-03-09 吴兴国 Road sweeping machine
CN2718051Y (en) * 2004-08-10 2005-08-17 周勇 High-speed dust-sucking road surface cleaning machine
DE202009008718U1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2009-09-03 Fiedler Maschinenbau Und Technikvertrieb Gmbh Sweeper with a side brush

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2602255A1 (en) * 1986-07-30 1988-02-05 Lesieur Frank Apparatus for picking up waste
US4754521A (en) * 1986-07-31 1988-07-05 Dulevo S.P.A Street sweeper machine for trash collecting
CN2162480Y (en) * 1993-09-03 1994-04-20 斯梦飞 Automatic clear machine
CN2450263Y (en) * 2000-11-27 2001-09-26 郭天桥 Road-sweeper
CN1544758A (en) * 2003-11-27 2004-11-10 河北工业大学 Small-sized floor sweeping dolly with pure sweeping motion
CN2683694Y (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-03-09 吴兴国 Road sweeping machine
CN2718051Y (en) * 2004-08-10 2005-08-17 周勇 High-speed dust-sucking road surface cleaning machine
DE202009008718U1 (en) * 2009-06-19 2009-09-03 Fiedler Maschinenbau Und Technikvertrieb Gmbh Sweeper with a side brush

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108824300A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-11-16 安徽信康电子科技有限公司 A kind of auxiliary cleaning equipment for wayside pavilion ground region
CN108824300B (en) * 2018-07-19 2020-03-06 安徽信康电子科技有限公司 Auxiliary cleaning equipment for ground area of pavilion
CN111926749A (en) * 2020-08-25 2020-11-13 泉州市汇达工业设计有限公司 Maintenance processing device for municipal road and bridge movement
CN112064559A (en) * 2020-09-18 2020-12-11 安徽建筑大学城市建设学院 Gravity-guided roadside sweeper
CN112064559B (en) * 2020-09-18 2022-02-01 安徽建筑大学城市建设学院 Gravity-guided roadside sweeper

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