CN112064559B - Gravity-guided roadside sweeper - Google Patents

Gravity-guided roadside sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112064559B
CN112064559B CN202010985429.6A CN202010985429A CN112064559B CN 112064559 B CN112064559 B CN 112064559B CN 202010985429 A CN202010985429 A CN 202010985429A CN 112064559 B CN112064559 B CN 112064559B
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plate
fixedly connected
belt pulley
rotating shaft
roadside
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CN112064559A (en
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陈前程
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Urban Construction College Of Ahjzu
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Urban Construction College Of Ahjzu
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/08Pneumatically dislodging or taking-up undesirable matter or small objects; Drying by heat only or by streams of gas; Cleaning by projecting abrasive particles
    • E01H1/0827Dislodging by suction; Mechanical dislodging-cleaning apparatus with independent or dependent exhaust, e.g. dislodging-sweeping machines with independent suction nozzles ; Mechanical loosening devices working under vacuum
    • E01H1/0836Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles
    • E01H1/0845Apparatus dislodging all of the dirt by suction ; Suction nozzles with mechanical loosening or feeding instruments for the dirt to be sucked- up, e.g. brushes, scrapers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Cleaning Of Streets, Tracks, Or Beaches (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a gravity-guided roadside sweeper in the field of sweeper, which comprises an inclined base, wherein the inclined base is provided with a roller, the inclined base is provided with a traction frame, the inclined base is provided with a slide rail, the inclined base is provided with an inclined top plate, the inclined base is provided with a limiting structure, the inclined top plate is provided with a limiting slide block, the limiting slide block is connected with the slide rail, the inclined top plate is provided with a connecting plate, the connecting plate is provided with a Z-shaped plate, the Z-shaped plate is provided with a U-shaped plate, the U-shaped plate is provided with a contact roller, the inclined top plate is provided with a dust sweeping structure, the dust sweeping structure comprises a first belt pulley, a second rotating shaft, a supporting plate, a circular plate, bristles and a bristle mounting plate, the supporting plate is connected with the inclined top plate, the inclined top plate is provided with a second rotating shaft, the second rotating shaft is provided with a circular plate, the circular plate is provided with a bristle mounting plate, the bristle mounting plate is provided with bristles, the second rotating shaft is provided with a second belt, a driving motor is provided with a first belt pulley, and the first belt pulley is connected with the belt, the supporting plate is provided with a soot blowing structure, and the rotary bristles of the cleaning brush can conveniently move along the side walls of the curbs to clean the side walls of the curbs, so that time and labor are saved.

Description

Gravity-guided roadside sweeper
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of sweeper trucks, in particular to a gravity-guided roadside sweeper.
Background
China divides highways into highways, first-level highways, second-level highways, third-level highways and fourth-level highways, and with the continuous development of cities and the promotion of urbanization processes, many cities in China face the problem that the current situation of urban sanitation is difficult to meet the requirement of urban development, however, the current urban road cleaning and cleaning level is an important factor restricting the urban environmental sanitation condition, so that the mode of updating the urban road cleaning and cleaning is the primary task of the current urban environmental sanitation level.
The road sweeper is a novel efficient sweeping device integrating road surface sweeping, garbage recycling and transporting. The sweeping vehicle is characterized in that a sweeping vehicle type with a road sweeping function is refitted on a special automobile chassis, an auxiliary engine is additionally arranged outside a chassis engine of the vehicle, and four sweeping brushes are driven by a hydraulic motor to work and are provided with various matched devices such as a fan, a garbage can, a water tank and the like. The novel vehicle type can complete the work of cleaning the ground, cleaning the curb of the road, sprinkling water to the ground after cleaning and the like at one time, and is suitable for cleaning operation of various climates and different dry pavements.
The areas of the existing urban roads and expressways close to the road teeth are areas which are not easy to clean all the time, the existing road sweeper is inconvenient to clean, and a large amount of manpower and material resources are needed to be spent during manual cleaning.
Based on this, the present invention has devised a gravity-guided roadside sweeper to solve the above-mentioned problems.
Disclosure of Invention
Solves the technical problem
In view of the above-mentioned shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a gravity-guided roadside sweeping machine.
Technical scheme
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a gravity-guided roadside sweeper comprises an inclined base, wherein idler wheels are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined base, a traction frame connected with an external power traction structure is rotatably connected to the front side wall of the inclined base through a connecting block, a slide rail is fixedly connected to the top inclined surface of the inclined base, an inclined top plate is movably connected to the top of the inclined base, a limiting structure used for limiting the inclined top plate is connected to the outer wall of the inclined base, a limiting slide block is fixedly connected to the bottom inclined surface of the inclined top plate and is in fit sliding connection with the slide rail, a connecting plate is symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side wall of the inclined top plate through bolts, a Z-shaped plate is fixedly connected to the outer end of the connecting plate, a U-shaped plate is fixedly connected to the outer end of the Z-shaped plate, a bearing fixedly connected with the U-shaped plate is rotatably connected with a contact roller in fit contact with a curb, and a dust sweeping structure is arranged at the top of the inclined top plate, the ash sweeping structure comprises a first belt pulley, a driving motor, a belt, a second belt pulley, a second rotating shaft, a supporting plate, a circular plate, bristles and a bristle mounting plate, the supporting plate is fixedly connected with the inclined top plate, the inclined top plate is rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft through a bearing which is fixedly connected, the bottom of the second rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a circular plate, the circular plate is uniformly connected with a brush hair mounting plate along the circumferential direction, the bottom of the brush hair mounting plate is uniformly mixed and fixedly connected with brush hair, and the outer end of the brush hair closest to the curbstone is in contact with the curbstone when the brush hair mounting plate is vertical to the curbstone, the top of the second rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a second belt pulley, the second belt pulley is movably connected with a belt, the output end of the driving motor is fixedly connected with a first belt pulley, the first belt pulley is movably connected with a belt, and a soot blowing structure for blowing soot is connected to the supporting plate.
Furthermore, the limiting slide block and the slide rail are symmetrically arranged, and a limiting block used for preventing the limiting slide block from completely sliding out of the slide rail is arranged at the bottom of the slide rail.
Furthermore, the inner end of the bristle mounting plate is fixedly connected with an insertion block, the circular plate is inserted into the insertion block through an insertion hole, and the insertion block and the circular plate are in threaded connection with a fixing bolt through a threaded hole.
Further, blow the soot structure and include outlet duct, third pivot, air inlet drum, inlet port, jet-propelled pipe, flabellum and venthole, air inlet drum and backup pad fixed connection, the air inlet drum rotates through fixed connection's bearing and is connected with the third pivot, the outer wall of third pivot is used for driving the flabellum that the air flows along the even fixedly connected with of circumferencial direction, inlet port and venthole have been seted up respectively to both ends about the air inlet drum, the air inlet drum is at the fixedly connected with outlet duct of venthole department, outlet duct bottom fixedly connected with is used for blowing the jet-propelled pipe of way tooth and road surface contact department dust.
Furthermore, the top of the third rotating shaft penetrates through the top of the air inlet drum and is fixedly connected with a third belt pulley used for driving the third rotating shaft to rotate, and the third belt pulley is movably connected with the belt in a fit manner.
Furthermore, the jet holes of the gas ejector pipe are obliquely arranged, and the inclination angle is 30-60 degrees.
Further, the gas nozzle is disposed at a rear end of the second rotating shaft.
Furthermore, the top of the inclined top plate is fixedly connected with a mounting frame, the mounting frame is fixedly connected with a driving motor, and the driving motor is electrically connected with an external power supply.
Advantageous effects
Compared with the known public technology, the technical scheme provided by the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention drives the limiting slide block to slide downwards on the slide rail through the self gravity action of the inclined top plate, the inclined top plate drives the connecting plate to move downwards, the connecting plate drives the Z-shaped plate to move downwards, the Z-shaped plate drives the U-shaped plate to move, the U-shaped plate drives the contact roller to move downwards until the contact roller is attached to and contacted with the side wall of the curbstone, the gravity action of the inclined top plate pushes the contact roller to rotate along the side wall of the curbstone all the time, the inclined top plate drives the brush hair mounting plate to move to the side wall of the curbstone, simultaneously, driving motor drives first belt pulley and rotates, and first belt pulley passes through the belt and drives the rotation of second belt pulley, and the second belt pulley drives the rotation of second pivot, and the second pivot drives the plectane and rotates, and the plectane drives the brush hair mounting panel and rotates, and the brush hair mounting panel drives the brush hair and rotates, rotates the brush hair and conveniently removes along the curb lateral wall and clear up the curb lateral wall, labour saving and time saving.
2. The third rotating shaft of the dust blowing structure is driven to rotate through the belt, the third rotating shaft drives the fan blades to rotate in the air inlet drum, the fan blades drive outside air to enter the air inlet drum from the air inlet hole, then enter the air outlet pipe through the air outlet hole, and finally are sprayed out from the air spraying pipe, and the air spraying pipe is convenient to blow dust and weeds at the contact part of the curb and the bottom surface, is convenient to further clean the contact part of the curb and the bottom surface, and improves the cleaning effect of the roadside sweeper.
3. According to the invention, the turntable of the limiting structure drives the threaded rod to rotate, the threaded rod drives the sliding plate to move, the sliding plate drives the inclined top plate to move upwards to the uppermost end, then the spring drives the inserted rod to be inserted into the insertion hole of the threaded rod to limit the threaded rod, the sliding plate conveniently fixes the inclined top plate at the uppermost end, the inclined top plate is conveniently positioned at the topmost part when the inclined top plate is not cleaned, contact rollers are prevented from being contacted with the bottom surface when the inclined top plate moves, and the contact rollers, the bristles and the jet pipe are protected.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below. It is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the invention, and that for a person skilled in the art, other drawings can be derived from them without inventive effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a right side view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a bottom view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a right side cross-sectional view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top left view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a soot blowing structure of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 5 according to the present invention;
the reference numerals in the drawings denote: 1. the inclined base 2, the sliding rail 3, the traction frame 4, the contact roller 5, the U-shaped plate 6, the Z-shaped plate 7, the inclined top plate 8, the first belt pulley 9, the mounting frame 10, the driving motor 11, the belt 12, the air outlet pipe 13, the second belt pulley 14, the second rotating shaft 15, the third rotating shaft 16, the third belt pulley 17, the air inlet drum 18, the air inlet hole 19, the support plate 20, the limiting structure 201, the sliding groove 202, the rotating disc 203, the movable groove 204, the threaded rod 205, the sliding plate 206, the inserted rod 207, the convex block 208, the spring 21, the roller 22, the fixed bolt 23, the air injection pipe 24, the circular plate 25, the inserted block 26, the brush 27, the brush mounting plate 28, the connecting plate 29, the limiting slide block 30, the fan blade 31 and the air outlet hole.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only a few embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples.
Example 1
As shown in figures 1-7, a gravity-guided roadside sweeper comprises an inclined base 1, rollers 21 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined base 1, a traction frame 3 connected with an external power traction structure is rotatably connected to the front side wall of the inclined base 1 through a connecting block, a slide rail 2 is fixedly connected to the top inclined surface of the inclined base 1, an inclined top plate 7 is movably connected to the top of the inclined base 1, a limiting structure 20 for limiting the inclined top plate 7 is connected to the outer wall of the inclined base 1, a limiting slide block 29 is fixedly connected to the bottom inclined surface of the inclined top plate 7, the limiting slide block 29 is in sliding connection with the slide rail 2 in an attaching manner, the limiting slide block 29 and the slide rail 2 are symmetrically arranged, a limiting block for preventing the limiting slide block 29 from completely sliding out of the slide rail 2 is arranged at the bottom of the slide rail 2, a connecting plate 28 is symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side wall of the inclined top plate 7 through bolts, and a Z-shaped plate 6 is fixedly connected to the outer end of the connecting plate 28, the outer end of the Z-shaped plate 6 is fixedly connected with a U-shaped plate 5, the U-shaped plate 5 is rotatably connected with a contact roller 4 which is in contact with the curbstone through a bearing which is fixedly connected, the top of an inclined top plate 7 is provided with an ash sweeping structure which comprises a first belt pulley 8, a driving motor 10, a belt 11, a second belt pulley 13, a second rotating shaft 14, a supporting plate 19, a circular plate 24, bristles 26 and a bristle mounting plate 27, the supporting plate 19 is fixedly connected with the inclined top plate 7, the inclined top plate 7 is rotatably connected with the second rotating shaft 14 through a bearing which is fixedly connected, the bottom of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with the circular plate 24, the circular plate 24 is uniformly connected with the bristle mounting plate 27 along the circumferential direction, the bristles 26 are uniformly mixed and fixedly connected with the bottom of the bristle mounting plate 27, the outer end of the bristles 26 which are closest to the curbstone when the bristle mounting plate 27 is vertical to the curbstone is in contact with the curbstone, the top of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with the second belt pulley 13, the second belt wheel 13 is movably connected with a belt 11, the output end of the driving motor 10 is fixedly connected with a first belt wheel 8, the first belt wheel 8 is movably connected with the belt 11, the inner end of the brush hair mounting plate 27 is fixedly connected with an insert block 25, a circular plate 24 is inserted with the insert block 25 through an opening, the insert block 25 and the circular plate 24 are in threaded connection with a fixing bolt 22 through a threaded hole, a soot blowing structure for blowing soot is connected onto the supporting plate 19, the inclined top plate 7 drives a limiting slide block 29 to slide downwards on the slide rail 2 through the self gravity action of the inclined top plate 7, the inclined top plate 7 drives a connecting plate 28 to move downwards, the connecting plate 28 drives a Z-shaped plate 6 to move downwards, the Z-shaped plate 6 drives a U-shaped plate 5 to move, the U-shaped plate 5 drives a contact roller 4 to move downwards to be in contact with the side wall of the curbstone in a laminating manner, the gravity action of the inclined top plate 7 pushes the contact roller 4 to rotate along the side wall of the curbstone all the time, the sloping roof 7 drives the brush hair mounting panel 27 and removes to curb lateral wall department, and simultaneously, driving motor 10 drives first belt pulley 8 and rotates, first belt pulley 8 drives second belt pulley 13 through belt 11 and rotates, second belt pulley 13 drives second pivot 14 and rotates, second pivot 14 drives plectane 24 and rotates, plectane 24 drives brush hair mounting panel 27 and rotates, brush hair mounting panel 27 drives brush hair 26 and rotates, it conveniently clears up the curb lateral wall along the removal of curb lateral wall to rotate brush hair 26, and time and labor are saved.
Example 2 is a further modification to example 1.
The gravity-guided roadside sweeper shown in figures 1-7 comprises an inclined base 1, rollers 21 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined base 1, a traction frame 3 connected with an external power traction structure is rotatably connected to the front side wall of the inclined base 1 through a connecting block, a slide rail 2 is fixedly connected to the top inclined surface of the inclined base 1, an inclined top plate 7 is movably connected to the top of the inclined base 1, a limiting structure 20 used for limiting the inclined top plate 7 is connected to the outer wall of the inclined base 1, a limiting slide block 29 is fixedly connected to the bottom inclined surface of the inclined top plate 7, the limiting slide block 29 is in sliding connection with the slide rail 2 in an attaching manner, a connecting plate 28 is symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side wall of the inclined top plate 7 through bolts, a Z-shaped plate 6 is fixedly connected to the outer end of the connecting plate 28, a U-shaped plate 5 is fixedly connected to the outer end of the Z-shaped plate 6, a contact roller 4 which is in contact with a road tooth in an attaching manner is rotatably connected to the U-shaped plate 5 through a fixedly connected bearing, the top of the inclined top plate 7 is provided with an ash sweeping structure, the ash sweeping structure comprises a first belt pulley 8, a driving motor 10, a belt 11, a second belt pulley 13, a second rotating shaft 14, a supporting plate 19, a circular plate 24, bristles 26 and bristle mounting plates 27, the supporting plate 19 is fixedly connected with the inclined top plate 7, the inclined top plate 7 is rotatably connected with the second rotating shaft 14 through a bearing fixedly connected with the inclined top plate, the bottom of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with the circular plate 24, the circular plate 24 is uniformly connected with the bristle mounting plates 27 along the circumferential direction, the bristles 26 are uniformly mixed and fixedly connected with the bottoms of the bristle mounting plates 27, the outer ends of the bristles 26 closest to the curbs when the bristle mounting plates 27 are perpendicular to the curbs are in contact with the curbs in an attaching manner, the top of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with the second belt pulley 13, the second belt pulley 13 is movably connected with the belt 11, the output end of the driving motor 10 is fixedly connected with the first belt pulley 8, and the first belt pulley 8 is movably connected with the belt 11, a soot blowing structure for blowing soot is connected to the support plate 19, the soot blowing structure comprises an air outlet pipe 12, a third rotating shaft 15, an air inlet drum 17, an air inlet hole 18, an air injection pipe 23, fan blades 30 and an air outlet hole 31, the air inlet drum 17 is fixedly connected with the support plate 19, the air inlet drum 17 is rotatably connected with the third rotating shaft 15 through a bearing fixedly connected with the air inlet drum 17, the outer wall of the third rotating shaft 15 is uniformly and fixedly connected with the fan blades 30 for driving air to flow along the circumferential direction, the air inlet hole 18 and the air outlet hole 31 are respectively formed in the left end and the right end of the air inlet drum 17, the air inlet drum 17 is fixedly connected with the air outlet pipe 12 at the air outlet hole 31, the bottom of the air outlet pipe 12 is fixedly connected with the air injection pipe 23 for blowing dust at the contact part of road teeth and the road surface, a third belt pulley 16 for driving the third rotating shaft 15 is fixedly connected with the top of the air inlet drum 15, and the third belt pulley 16 is movably connected with the belt 11 in a joint manner, the orifice slope of jet pipe 23 sets up, and inclination is 30-60, jet pipe 23 sets up the rear end at second pivot 14, 7 top fixedly connected with mounting bracket 9 of oblique roof, mounting bracket 9 and driving motor 10 fixed connection, driving motor 10 and external power supply electric connection, belt 11 drives the third pivot 15 rotation of blowing the ash structure, third pivot 15 drives flabellum 30 and in the 17 internal rotations of air inlet drum, flabellum 30 drives external air and gets into air inlet drum 17 from inlet port 18, rethread venthole 31 gets into outlet duct 12, spout from jet pipe 23 at last, jet pipe 23 conveniently blows dust and weeds of way tooth and bottom surface contact department, be convenient for further clear up way tooth and bottom surface contact department, the effect of cleaning of roadside sweeper has been promoted.
Example 3
Example 3 is a further modification to example 1.
As shown in fig. 1-7, a gravity-guided roadside sweeper comprises an inclined base 1, rollers 21 are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined base 1, a traction frame 3 connected with an external power traction structure is rotatably connected to the front side wall of the inclined base 1 through a connection block, a slide rail 2 is fixedly connected to the top inclined surface of the inclined base 1, an inclined top plate 7 is movably connected to the top of the inclined base 1, a limiting structure 20 for limiting the inclined top plate 7 is connected to the outer wall of the inclined base 1, the limiting structure 20 comprises a sliding groove 201, a rotating disc 202, a movable groove 203, a threaded rod 204, a sliding plate 205, an inserted rod 206, a bump 207 and a spring 208, the movable groove 203 is formed in the top of the inclined base 1, two ends of the movable groove 203 rotate through fixedly connected bearings, the Ajie threaded rod 204 is arranged in the movable groove 203, the outer end of the threaded rod 204 is fixedly connected with the rotating disc 202, the outer end of the inclined base 1 is fixedly connected with the bump 207, the outer end of the spring 208 is fixedly connected with the bump 207, an outer end of the spring 208 is fixedly connected with an insert rod 206, an inner end of the insert rod 206 is inserted into an insertion hole of a threaded rod 204, the threaded rod 204 is in threaded connection with a sliding plate 205 which is in sliding connection with a movable groove 203, a sliding groove 201 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined top plate 7, the sliding plate 205 is in sliding connection with the sliding groove 201, a limiting sliding block 29 is fixedly connected to a bottom inclined surface of the inclined top plate 7, the limiting sliding block 29 is in sliding connection with a sliding rail 2 in a fitting manner, a connecting plate 28 is fixedly connected to the left side wall of the inclined top plate 7 through bolts symmetrically, a Z-shaped plate 6 is fixedly connected to the outer end of the connecting plate 28, a U-shaped plate 5 is fixedly connected to the outer end of the Z-shaped plate 6, a contact roller 4 in contact with a road tooth in a fitting manner is rotatably connected to a bearing through fixed connection, a dust sweeping structure is arranged at the top of the inclined top plate 7 and comprises a first belt pulley 8, a driving motor 10, a belt 11, a second belt pulley 13, a second rotating shaft 14, The device comprises a support plate 19, a circular plate 24, bristles 26 and a bristle mounting plate 27, wherein the support plate 19 is fixedly connected with an inclined top plate 7, the inclined top plate 7 is rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft 14 through a bearing fixedly connected with the inclined top plate, the bottom of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with the circular plate 24, the circular plate 24 is uniformly connected with the bristle mounting plate 27 along the circumferential direction, the bristles 26 are uniformly mixed and fixedly connected with the bottom of the bristle mounting plate 27, the outer ends of the bristles 26 closest to road teeth are in contact with the road teeth when the bristle mounting plate 27 is perpendicular to the road teeth, the top of the second rotating shaft 14 is fixedly connected with a second belt wheel 13, the second belt wheel 13 is movably connected with a belt 11, the output end of a driving motor 10 is fixedly connected with a first belt wheel 8, the first belt wheel 8 is movably connected with the belt 11, a soot blowing structure for blowing soot is connected onto the support plate 19, a rotary plate 202 of a limiting structure 20 drives a threaded rod 204 to rotate, the threaded rod 204 drives a sliding plate 205 to move, slide 205 drives the roof plate 7 rebound to the top, then spring 208 drives inserted bar 206 and inserts and carry on spacingly to threaded rod 204 in the jack of threaded rod 204, and slide 205 conveniently fixes roof plate 7 at the top, and the roof plate 7 of being convenient for when not clearing up is in the top, and the contact is rolled 4, brush hair 26 and jet-propelled pipe 23 and bottom surface contact when avoiding removing, rolls 4, brush hair 26 and jet-propelled pipe 23 to the contact and protects.
When in use, as shown in fig. 1-7, the sweeper is moved to the vicinity of a curb through the traction frame 3, the turntable 202 of the limiting structure 20 drives the threaded rod 204 to rotate, the threaded rod 204 drives the sliding plate 205 to move to the lowest end, then the inclined top plate 7 drives the limiting slider 29 to slide downwards on the sliding rail 2 under the action of self gravity, the inclined top plate 7 drives the connecting plate 28 to move downwards, the connecting plate 28 drives the Z-shaped plate 6 to move downwards, the Z-shaped plate 6 drives the U-shaped plate 5 to move, the U-shaped plate 5 drives the contact roller 4 to move downwards to be in contact with the side wall of the curb, the gravity action of the inclined top plate 7 pushes the contact roller 4 to rotate along the side wall of the curb all the time, the inclined top plate 7 drives the bristle mounting plate 27 to move to the side wall of the curb, and at the same time, the driving motor 10 drives the first belt pulley 8 to rotate, and the first belt pulley 8 drives the second belt pulley 13 to rotate through the belt 11, the second belt pulley 13 drives the second rotating shaft 14 to rotate, the second rotating shaft 14 drives the circular plate 24 to rotate, the circular plate 24 drives the bristle mounting plate 27 to rotate, the bristle mounting plate 27 drives the bristles 26 to rotate, and the bristles 26 can be rotated to conveniently move along the side wall of the curbstone to clean the side wall of the curbstone, so that time and labor are saved; then, the belt 11 drives the third rotating shaft 15 of the soot blowing structure to rotate, the third rotating shaft 15 drives the fan blades 30 to rotate in the air inlet drum 17, the fan blades 30 drive outside air to enter the air inlet drum 17 from the air inlet hole 18, then enter the air outlet pipe 12 through the air outlet hole 31, and finally are ejected out of the air ejecting pipe 23, the air ejecting pipe 23 is convenient to blow dust and weeds at the contact position of the curb and the bottom surface, the contact position of the curb and the bottom surface is convenient to further clean, and the cleaning effect of the roadside sweeper is improved; when not needing the clearance, limit structure 20's carousel 202 drives threaded rod 204 and rotates, threaded rod 204 drives slide 205 and removes, slide 205 drives the roof plate 7 rebound to the top, then spring 208 drives inserted bar 206 and inserts and carry on spacingly to threaded rod 204 in the jack of threaded rod 204, slide 205 conveniently fixes roof plate 7 at the top, be convenient for roof plate 7 when not clearing up is in the top, contact when avoiding removing rolls 4, brush hair 26 and jet-propelled pipe 23 and bottom surface contact, roll 4 to the contact, brush hair 26 and jet-propelled pipe 23 protect.
The above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a roadside cleaning machine of gravity direction, includes inclined base (1), its characterized in that: the inclined base is characterized in that idler wheels (21) are symmetrically and fixedly connected to the bottom of the inclined base (1), a traction frame (3) connected with an external power traction structure is rotatably connected to the front side wall of the inclined base (1) through a connecting block, a sliding rail (2) is fixedly connected to the top inclined plane of the inclined base (1), an inclined top plate (7) is movably connected to the top of the inclined base (1), a limiting structure (20) used for limiting the inclined top plate (7) is connected to the outer wall of the inclined base (1), a limiting sliding block (29) is fixedly connected to the bottom inclined plane of the inclined top plate (7), the limiting sliding block (29) is in fit sliding connection with the sliding rail (2), a connecting plate (28) is symmetrically and fixedly connected to the left side wall of the inclined top plate (7) through bolts, a Z-shaped plate (6) is fixedly connected to the outer end of the connecting plate (28), and a U-shaped plate (5) is fixedly connected to the outer end of the Z-shaped plate (6), bearing rotation through fixed connection of U-shaped board (5) is connected with contact roller (4) with the contact of way tooth laminating, oblique roof (7) top is equipped with sweeps grey structure, it includes first belt pulley (8), driving motor (10), belt (11), second belt pulley (13), second pivot (14), backup pad (19), plectane (24), brush hair (26) and brush hair mounting panel (27) to sweep grey structure, backup pad (19) and oblique roof (7) fixed connection, oblique roof (7) rotate through fixed connection's bearing and are connected with second pivot (14), second pivot (14) bottom fixedly connected with plectane (24), plectane (24) evenly are connected with brush hair mounting panel (27) along the circumferencial direction, the bottom mixing fixedly connected with brush hair (26) of brush hair mounting panel (27), and brush hair mounting panel (27) are perpendicular with the way tooth when leaving the nearest brush hair (26) of way tooth and the way tooth laminating (4), the grey structure is swept to one's own right top, backup pad (7) and bearing Close the contact, second pivot (14) top fixedly connected with second belt pulley (13), second belt pulley (13) swing joint has belt (11), the first belt pulley (8) of output fixedly connected with of driving motor (10), first belt pulley (8) and belt (11) swing joint, be connected with the soot blowing structure that is used for blowing the ash on backup pad (19).
2. A gravity-guided roadside sweeper as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the limiting slider (29) and the slide rail (2) are symmetrically arranged, and a limiting block for blocking the limiting slider (29) from completely sliding out of the slide rail (2) is arranged at the bottom of the slide rail (2).
3. The gravity-guided roadside sweeper according to claim 1, wherein an insert block (25) is fixedly connected to an inner end of the bristle mounting plate (27), the circular plate (24) is inserted into the insert block (25) through an insertion hole formed in the circular plate, and the insert block (25) and the circular plate (24) are in threaded connection with a fixing bolt (22) through a threaded hole.
4. A gravity-guided roadside sweeper as claimed in claim 1, the soot blowing structure comprises an air outlet pipe (12), a third rotating shaft (15), an air inlet drum (17), an air inlet hole (18), an air injection pipe (23), fan blades (30) and an air outlet hole (31), the air inlet drum (17) is fixedly connected with a supporting plate (19), the air inlet drum (17) is rotatably connected with a third rotating shaft (15) through a fixedly connected bearing, the outer wall of the third rotating shaft (15) is uniformly and fixedly connected with fan blades (30) used for driving air to flow along the circumferential direction, the left end and the right end of the air inlet drum (17) are respectively provided with an air inlet hole (18) and an air outlet hole (31), the air inlet drum (17) is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe (12) at the air outlet hole (31), and the bottom of the air outlet pipe (12) is fixedly connected with an air injection pipe (23) used for blowing dust at the contact part of the road teeth and the road surface.
5. The gravity-guided roadside sweeper according to claim 4, wherein a third belt pulley (16) for driving the third rotating shaft (15) to rotate is fixedly connected to the top of the third rotating shaft (15) penetrating through the top of the air inlet drum (17), and the third belt pulley (16) is in fit movable connection with the belt (11).
6. A gravity-guided roadside sweeper as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the nozzles of the gas lance (23) are arranged obliquely at an angle of 30-60 °.
7. A gravity-guided roadside sweeper as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that the air jet pipe (23) is arranged at the rear end of the second shaft (14).
8. A gravity-guided roadside sweeper as claimed in claim 7, wherein a mounting bracket (9) is fixedly connected to the top of the inclined top plate (7), the mounting bracket (9) is fixedly connected to a drive motor (10), and the drive motor (10) is electrically connected to an external power supply.
CN202010985429.6A 2020-09-18 2020-09-18 Gravity-guided roadside sweeper Active CN112064559B (en)

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CN112915234A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-08 刘贵芳 Sterilization equipment for department of respiration
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