CN102524578B - Turtle feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Turtle feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102524578B
CN102524578B CN 201210008121 CN201210008121A CN102524578B CN 102524578 B CN102524578 B CN 102524578B CN 201210008121 CN201210008121 CN 201210008121 CN 201210008121 A CN201210008121 A CN 201210008121A CN 102524578 B CN102524578 B CN 102524578B
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parts
feed
tortoise
grams
corn
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CN102524578A (en
Inventor
梁剑
林国友
罗永城
徐国华
卢兰
张娜
李为
谢美萱
陆桂军
柯利佳
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GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION PRODUCTIVE FORCES PROMOTION CENTER
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GUANGXI ZHUANG AUTONOMOUS REGION PRODUCTIVE FORCES PROMOTION CENTER
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Abstract

The invention discloses a turtle feed, which is mainly prepared from major ingredients and additives, wherein components of the major ingredients comprise 30 to 70 weight parts of ampullariidae, 20 to 30 weight parts of nettle, 15 to 30 weight parts of corn, 10 to 20 weight parts of acridid, 10 to 20 weight parts of bone meal, 5 to 10 weight parts of algae and 5 to 10 weight parts of silkworm chrysalis, the additives comprise 0.5 to 2 parts of common salt, 5 to 10 weight parts of peanut bran and 1 to 5 parts of attractants. The feed has overall nutrition, and in addition, the manufacture cost is low.

Description

A kind of tortoise feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tortoise feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Tortoise belongs to Reptilia, Chelonia, and Testudinidae, the Chinemys animal, common have a cockchafer, the mud tortoise, grass tortoise, Trachemys scripta etc., tortoise is nutritious, delicious flavour, is the treasure in modern feast." tortoise body five tastes meat " namely contains five kinds of meat nutritions such as ox, sheep, pig, chicken, fish and taste.The medical value of tortoise is familiar with by we ancestors already, and the Classic of Mountains and Rivers, Shennong's Herbal, Compendium of Material Medica all are documented.Every 100 gram tortoise meat contain crude protein up to 16.7%, and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) accounts for aliphatic acid 1.55%, and DHA (D with) accounts for 1.56%, and its content is high more than albacore, shellfish content; D forms and the antiatherosclerosis effect to have significant antithrombotic with EPA, also can reduce cholesterol in human body, has anti-tissue aging, eliminates the effects such as free radical in body; Tortoise tortoiseshell, tortoise plastron are also traditional rare medicinal herbs, are rich in bone collagen, calcium, phosphorus and multiple unrighted acid.At present in Hainan, the ground such as Guangdong, Zhejiang, Fujian carries out breeding scale.Chelonian also has the effect of viewing and admiring simultaneously and is subject to liking of people.Now family has various people all to like being in to raise one or two little tortoise.
Yet people are in feeding the tortoise process, and generally directly throw something and feed raw meat or small fish, shrimp if still tortoise does not eat up, are easy to cause the pollution to water quality, cause often occurring the phenomenons such as tortoise apocleisis, retarded growth.Therefore, people have developed some tortoise feeds, number be 201010522687.7 to disclose the special feed of the young tortoise of a kind of crocodile tortoise as Chinese patent application, it comprises the component of following total amount percentage composition: fish meal 49 ~ 70%, bean powder and/or meat meal tankage 8 ~ 30%, starch 9.8 ~ 23.2%, fish oil 0.2 ~ 4.7%, calcium dihydrogen phosphate 0 ~ 6%, vitamin 0.5 ~ 1%, mineral matter 1 ~ 2%, Choline Chloride 0.1 ~ 0.3%.Chinese patent application number provides a kind of compound feed for young turtles and preparation method thereof for 201010116139.4, and this feed comprises fish meal, flour, shrimp slurry, dregs of beans, rapeseed dregs, silkworm chrysalis, fish oil, digested tankage, multidimensional, Duo Kuang, Ding Zhuansu, choline, calcium monohydrogen phosphate.Chinese patent application number is 200810244639.9 to disclose a kind of formula of turtle feed, and its required raw materials by weight is: fish meal 18%, bean powder 17%, earthworm powder 10%, freshwater mussel digested tankage 15%, corn flour 15%, flour 20%, Vegetable powder 3%, lysine 1%, B B-complex 1%.The tortoise feed of throwing something and feeding in the large-scale farming field now, but existing tortoise is all take bright thin pork, beef and fishes and shrimps as primary raw material with feed, causes the on the high side of feed, and this has also just increased the cost that cultivates tortoise greatly.Therefore, be badly in need of on market that a kind of not only nutritional labeling is comprehensive, palatability is strong, and the comparatively cheap tortoise feed of cost of manufacture, so that when guaranteeing plant's output quality, the minimizing aquaculture cost.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of nutritional labeling is comprehensive, palatability is strong, the tortoise feed that cost of manufacture is comparatively cheap.
In order to realize purpose of the present invention, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme: a kind of tortoise feed, to be made by main material and additive, and the component of main material comprises Pomacea canaliculata, nettle, corn, locust, bone meal, algae and silkworm chrysalis; Additive comprises salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant; Described tortoise with the parts by weight of each component of feed is:
30 ~ 50 parts of 30 ~ 70 portions of nettles of Pomacea canaliculata
10 ~ 20 parts of 20 ~ 50 parts of locusts of corn
5 ~ 10 parts, 10 ~ 20 portions of algaes of bone meal
5 ~ 10 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts of peanut press pulps of silkworm chrysalis
0.5 ~ 5 part of 1 ~ 5 portion of salt of phagostimulant.
Described tortoise is preferably with the parts by weight of each component of feed:
20 ~ 25 parts of 50 ~ 60 portions of nettles of Pomacea canaliculata
15 ~ 20 parts of 20 ~ 25 parts of locusts of corn
5 ~ 10 parts, 15 ~ 20 portions of algaes of bone meal
5 ~ 10 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts of peanut press pulps of silkworm chrysalis
1 ~ 2 part of 1 ~ 5 portion of salt of phagostimulant.
Described tortoise is preferably with the parts by weight of each component of feed: 50 parts of Pomacea canaliculatas, 25 parts of nettles, 20 parts of corns, 15 parts of locusts, 18 parts of bone meal, 7 parts, algae, 10 parts of silkworm chrysalises, 5 parts of peanut press pulps, 3 parts of phagostimulants, 1 part of salt.
Described tortoise with the preparation method's of feed step is: first Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis being milled respectively, it is Powdered to be ground into, then according to the adding proportion mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasting more than 5 minutes under 80 ~ 100 degrees centigrade, and after keeping 5 ~ 20% humidity, be made into feed granules.
The raw material that adopts in the present invention, the inventor has taken into full account its comprehensive nutritive value and has originated widely.As the Latin formal name used at school of Pomacea canaliculata: Pomacea canaliculata, (Golden Apple snail), its individual large, feeding habits are wide, strong adaptability, growth and breeding is fast, output is high, cultivation is all arranged all over China; And it is of high nutritive value, and food energy 83 cards is arranged, protein 12.2 grams in every 100 gram Pomacea canaliculata meat, fat 0.4 gram, carbohydrate 6.6 grams, grey 3.2 grams, 61 milligrams, phosphorus, 40 milligrams, sodium, 17 milligrams, potassium, 12 milligrams, riboflavin, nicotinic acid 1.8 grams, also contain vitamin C, the elements such as zinc, copper, magnesium and iodine.(the Latin formal name used at school: Nettle) be ombrophyte, life is vigorous, and growth rapidly requires not sternly to soil, and the happiness of happiness temperature is wet, can plant in a lot of places for nettle; And its stem and leaf contain the elements such as phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, silicon, sulphur, calcium, sodium, brill, copper and titanium of rich in protein, multivitamin, carrotene and various trace, its nutritive value is not second to forage crops such as clover, clover and beans, having important function for the livestock growth, is the preferred of high-quality feed raw material.
Silkworm chrysalis (Latin plant animal mineral name Bombyx mori L) contains rich in protein, fat, vitamin A, B2, D and ergosterol etc., and its protein hydrolysate has arginine, lysine, histidine, cystine, tryptophan, tyrosine, threonine, methionine; Contain saturated fatty acid (palmitic acid, stearic acid), unrighted acid (oleic acid, linolenic acid) and sterol etc. in fat.The locust powder contains rich in protein, carbohydrate, insect hormone isoreactivity material, and contains the trace elements such as vitamin A, B, C and phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc, manganese.Peanut press pulp is rich in phosphorus, two kinds of a great number of elements of potassium, and the peanut press pulp of fresh squeezing is savory, can play certain food calling effect.
Above-mentioned algae namely is grown in the algae in water, comprises horse algae, green alga, spirulina, four jiaos of algaes and month shape algae etc., and the vitamin in algae and content of mineral substances are also very to enrich.
Above-mentioned phagostimulant main component has monosodium glutamate, asccharin, vomiting nut, betel nut, fennel, amino acid, molasses etc., is used for improving the feed palatability, promotes the additive of letting animals feed appetite.The phagostimulant that the present invention uses can be bought on market.
Advantage of the present invention:
Comprehensive nutrition, with low cost.Formula Raw wide material sources and Costco Wholesale that the present invention uses are cheap, especially primary raw material Pomacea canaliculata and nettle, their cultivation or plantation all are easy to, do not need special cultivation or planting conditions, therefore the cost of purchasing price or cultivation (plantation) is all lower, greatly reduce and make tortoise with the cost of feed, also just reduced the cost that cultivates tortoise.The various composition combinations of feed make its nutrition consist of very reasonable, can accelerate the growth of tortoise.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment 1:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 500 grams, nettle 250 grams, corn 200 grams, locust 150 grams, bone meal 180 grams, algae 70 grams, silkworm chrysalis 100 grams, peanut press pulp 50 grams, phagostimulant 30 grams, salt 10 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 90 degrees centigrade of left and right 10 minutes, and after keeping 10% humidity, then be made into feed granules.
Embodiment 2:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 300 grams, nettle 200 grams, corn 150 grams, locust 100 grams, bone meal 100 grams, algae 50 grams, silkworm chrysalis 50 grams, peanut press pulp 50 grams, phagostimulant 10 grams, salt 5 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 80 degrees centigrade of left and right 5 minutes, and after keeping 5% humidity, then be made into feed granules.
Embodiment 3:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 700 grams, nettle 300 grams, corn 300 grams, locust 200 grams, bone meal 200 grams, algae 100 grams, silkworm chrysalis 100 grams, peanut press pulp 100 grams, phagostimulant 50 grams, salt 20 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 90 degrees centigrade of left and right 15 minutes, and after keeping 15% humidity, then be made into feed granules.
Embodiment 4:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 500 grams, nettle 200 grams, corn 200 grams, locust 150 grams, bone meal 150 grams, algae 50 grams, silkworm chrysalis 50 grams, peanut press pulp 50 grams, phagostimulant 10 grams, salt 5 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 95 degrees centigrade of left and right 8 minutes, and after keeping 20% humidity, then be made into feed granules.
Embodiment 5:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 600 grams, nettle 250 grams, corn 250 grams, locust 200 grams, bone meal 200 grams, algae 100 grams, silkworm chrysalis 100 grams, peanut press pulp 100 grams, phagostimulant 50 grams, salt 10 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 85 degrees centigrade of left and right 12 minutes, and after keeping 17% humidity, then be made into feed granules.
Embodiment 6:
Tortoise with the weight of each component of feed is: Pomacea canaliculata 550 grams, nettle 220 grams, corn 200 grams, locust 170 grams, bone meal 160 grams, algae 70 grams, silkworm chrysalis 80 grams, peanut press pulp 70 grams, phagostimulant 25 grams, salt 8 grams.
Above-mentioned Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis are milled respectively be ground into powder, then mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasted at the temperature of 100 degrees centigrade of left and right 7 minutes, and after keeping 8% humidity, then be made into feed granules.

Claims (4)

1. a tortoise feed, made by main material and additive, it is characterized in that, the component of main material comprises Pomacea canaliculata, nettle, corn, locust, bone meal, algae and silkworm chrysalis; Additive comprises salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant; Described tortoise with the parts by weight of each component of feed is:
20 ~ 30 parts of 30 ~ 70 portions of nettles of Pomacea canaliculata
10 ~ 20 parts of 15 ~ 30 parts of locusts of corn
5 ~ 10 parts, 10 ~ 20 portions of algaes of bone meal
5 ~ 10 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts of peanut press pulps of silkworm chrysalis
0.5 ~ 2 part of 1 ~ 5 portion of salt of phagostimulant.
2. tortoise feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described tortoise with the parts by weight of each component of feed is:
20 ~ 25 parts of 50 ~ 60 portions of nettles of Pomacea canaliculata
15 ~ 20 parts of 20 ~ 25 parts of locusts of corn
5 ~ 10 parts, 15 ~ 20 portions of algaes of bone meal
5 ~ 10 parts of 5 ~ 10 parts of peanut press pulps of silkworm chrysalis
0.5 ~ 1 part of 1 ~ 5 portion of salt of phagostimulant.
3. tortoise feed according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described tortoise with the parts by weight of each component of feed is: 50 parts of Pomacea canaliculatas, 25 parts of nettles, 20 parts of corns, 15 parts of locusts, 18 parts of bone meal, 7 parts, algae, 10 parts of silkworm chrysalises, 5 parts of peanut press pulps, 3 parts of phagostimulants, 1 part of salt.
4. described tortoise as arbitrary in claim 1-3 is with the preparation method of feed, it is characterized in that, described preparation method's step is: first Pomacea canaliculata, corn, locust, bone meal, algae, silkworm chrysalis being milled respectively, it is Powdered to be ground into, then according to the adding proportion mix and blend, after stirring, add salt, peanut press pulp and phagostimulant, after again stirring, toasting more than 5 minutes under 80 ~ 100 degrees centigrade, and after keeping 5 ~ 20% humidity, be made into feed granules.
CN 201210008121 2012-01-12 2012-01-12 Turtle feed and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN102524578B (en)

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Families Citing this family (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104431480A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 电白县星火水生野生动物繁育场 Special feed for breeding red-eared slider
CN104509719A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-15 黄福明 Juvenile soft-shelled turtle feed and preparation method thereof
CN104621385A (en) * 2015-01-23 2015-05-20 南宁市春华农业科技有限公司 Feed for preventing and controlling tortoise-turtle red white disease
CN104686841A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-06-10 广西福星化肥有限责任公司 Pet turtle feed and preparation method thereof
CN105231027A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-01-13 赵丽 Pet tortoise forage and preparation method thereof
CN110169492B (en) * 2019-06-12 2022-02-11 中国计量大学 Artificial feed for harmonia axyridis larvae as well as preparation method and application of artificial feed
CN111264323A (en) * 2020-04-08 2020-06-12 安徽雨农农业科技有限公司 Ecological breeding method for shrimps in rice field

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Inventor after: Liang Jian

Inventor after: Ke Lijia

Inventor after: Lin Guoyou

Inventor after: Luo Yongcheng

Inventor after: Xu Guohua

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Inventor after: Zhang Na

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Inventor after: Xie Meixuan

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