CN102478324A - Air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment - Google Patents

Air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102478324A
CN102478324A CN201010569851XA CN201010569851A CN102478324A CN 102478324 A CN102478324 A CN 102478324A CN 201010569851X A CN201010569851X A CN 201010569851XA CN 201010569851 A CN201010569851 A CN 201010569851A CN 102478324 A CN102478324 A CN 102478324A
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China
Prior art keywords
cold
temperature
water
producing medium
low
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Pending
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CN201010569851XA
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张耀中
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张耀中
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Priority to CN201010569851XA priority Critical patent/CN102478324A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/12Hot water central heating systems using heat pumps

Abstract

The invention discloses air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment. The equipment absorbs heat around an evaporator to evaporate a heat transfer working medium; the steam of the working medium is compressed by a compressor, and then the temperature and pressure thereof are increased; when the high-temperature steam is condensed into liquid by the condenser, heat is released and transferred to the water in a water storage tank; and the condensed heat transfer working medium returns to an evaporator through an expansion valve and then is evaporated again to finish a heating cycle. Comparatively, a low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant firstly absorbs heat from a low-temperature heat source in the evaporator and is gasified; then a compressor extracts the gasified refrigerant gas in the evaporator and compresses the refrigerant gas in the condenser, and the refrigerant gas turns into high-temperature high-pressure gas; the high-temperature high-pressure gas is condensed into liquid in the condenser and turns into a high-temperature high-pressure liquid refrigerant; and the high-temperature high-pressure liquid refrigerant is throttled by the expansion valve to become a low-temperature low-pressure liquid refrigerant to finish a refrigeration cycle. The system can meet all requirements of domestic heating, hot water supply and refrigeration.

Description

The heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of air energy heat pump changes in temperature is equipped with for heating integrated section.
Background technology
The family expenses refrigeration mainly is to rely on air-conditioning to carry out at present, and air-conditioning power consumption is big, can't play energy-conservation effect, and hot-water supply must adopt other facility to replace with heating.Simultaneously, the existing cold and hot heat pump of water circulation theory that utilizes on market, set structure is complicated, and the refrigeration effect is not very desirable, unstable, can't supply heating installation, maintains loaded down with trivial detailsly, and major part all adopts high-power unit, can't in the domestic consumer, implement.
Summary of the invention
For solving cold to family expenses, warm, the hot difficult problem of heat pump on the market, the present invention proposes a kind of heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature that can realize family expenses refrigeration, heating, hot-water supply.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature is characterized in that: comprise evaporimeter, the evaporimeter front end is installed two-way guiding control valve; Refrigeration, when heating water, the guiding control valve switches, the guiding control valve will be opened; Cold-producing medium passes through the pipeline that the balance filtration device gets into indoor evaporator from fluid reservoir, leads to the pipeline of outdoor evaporimeter after the closed refrigerant process expansion valve throttling simultaneously, when the cold-producing medium entering indoor evaporator of low-temp low-pressure; Exchange through blower fan and room air, thereby reduce indoor temperature, to reach the requirement of refrigeration; Filtered through refrigerant purity filter by the cold-producing medium after the heat absorption in addition, return compressor and do work, the cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser in the water tank; Carry out heat exchange with the cold water in the water tank; Improve water temperature, so that use, the liquid state entering fluid reservoir that the cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure comes and goes circulation; Hot water in the water tank is connected with bathroom, kitchen, has therefore also just satisfied the effect of home-use domestic hot-water and cold air; When heating water, heating, the guiding control valve switches, and the guiding control valve is opened; Cold-producing medium is from the pipeline of fluid reservoir through evaporimeter outside the balance filtration device inlet chamber, and closed refrigerant is led to the pipeline of indoor evaporator simultaneously, when the cold-producing medium process expansion valve of low-temp low-pressure; Be inflated the outer evaporimeter of inlet chamber after the valve throttling, exchange through blower fan and outdoor air, the cold-producing medium after the heat absorption is through the filtration of refrigerant purity filter; After returning compressor and doing work, the cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser in the water tank, carries out heat exchange with cold water in the water tank; To reach the effect that improves water temperature; The liquid state entering fluid reservoir that cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure comes and goes circulation, and the hot water in the water tank connects domestic hot water's pipeline and indoor superconducting radiator, and indoor superconducting radiator carries out heat release to the indoor low temperature air; To improve empty interior temperature, therefore also just satisfied the effect of home-use hot water and heating installation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a principle of the invention sketch map.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature, technical scheme of the present invention is: the heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature; It is characterized in that: evaporimeter 6,7 front ends are installed 2 tunnel guiding control valves 4,9, freeze, when heating water, and guiding control valve 4,9 switches; The guiding control valve will be opened, and cold-producing medium gets into the pipeline of 6 indoor evaporator from fluid reservoir 11 after through expansion valves 5 throttlings through balance filtration device 10, simultaneously closed refrigerant through expansion valve 8 throttlings after towards the pipeline of 7 outdoor evaporimeters; When the cold-producing medium of low-temp low-pressure through inlet chamber after the expansion valve throttling in evaporimeter, exchange through blower fan and room air, thus the reduction indoor temperature; To reach the requirement of refrigeration; Filter through refrigerant purity filter 3 through the cold-producing medium after the heat absorption, after returning compressor 2 and doing work, the cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser 1 in 12 water tanks; Carry out heat exchange with the cold water in the water tank; Improve water temperature, so that use, the liquid state entering fluid reservoir 11 that the cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure comes and goes circulation.Hot water in 12 water tanks is connected with bathroom 13, kitchen 14, has therefore also just satisfied the effect of home-use domestic hot-water and cold air.
When heating water, heating, guiding control valve 4,9 switches, and the guiding control valve is opened; Cold-producing medium gets into the pipeline of 7 outdoor evaporimeters after through expansion valves 8 throttlings through balance filtration device 10 from fluid reservoir 11; 5 throttlings get into the pipeline of 6 indoor evaporator to closed refrigerant through expansion valve simultaneously, and evaporimeter outside inlet chamber after the cold-producing medium process expansion valve throttling of low-temp low-pressure exchanges through blower fan and outdoor air; Filter through refrigerant purity filter 3 through the cold-producing medium after the heat absorption; After returning compressor 2 and doing work, the cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser 1 in 12 water tanks, carries out heat exchange with cold water in the water tank; To reach the effect that improves water temperature, the liquid state entering fluid reservoir 11 that the cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure comes and goes circulation.Hot water in the water tank connects domestic hot water's pipeline and indoor superconducting radiator 15, and indoor superconducting radiator carries out heat release to indoor low temperature chamber gas, to improve indoor temperature, has therefore also just satisfied the effect of home-use hot water and heating installation
The present invention through evaporimeter from surrounding environment draw heat with evaporation heat transfer working medium; Working substance steam temperature and pressure after compressor compresses rises, when high-temperature vapour becomes liquid through condenser condenses, the heat transferred that discharges the water in the storage tank; Condensed heat-transfer working medium turns back to evaporimeter through expansion valve; And then be evaporated, move in circles, so just accomplish one and heat circulation; Comparatively speaking, the liquid refrigerant of low-temp low-pressure at first absorbs heat and gasification from low-temperature heat source in evaporimeter; Compressor extracts the refrigerant gas after gasifying in the evaporimeter and is compressed in the condenser then; This moment, refrigerant gas became high temperature and high pressure gas, and this high temperature and high pressure gas is cooled in condenser and condenses into liquid, becomes the high-temperature high-pressure liquid cryogen; Become the low-temp low-pressure liquid refrigerant through the expansion valve throttling again, so just accomplish a kind of refrigeration cycle.According to above cold and hot law, this cover system can satisfy domestic heating fully, hot-water supply, the requirement in all directions of refrigeration.
The functional test explanation
1. when freezed summer, the indoor evaporator leaving air temp was (15~18) degree, turned round 10~15 minutes, and indoor temperature all can be controlled in 21 ± 2 degree.
2. during heat supply in winter, indoor superconducting radiator temperature is (50~60) degree, turn round 15~20 minutes, and indoor temperature all can be controlled in 20 ± 1 and spends.
3. hot water all can be controlled in 55 ± 5 degree in annual 24 hours.

Claims (1)

1. the heating integrated equipment of air energy heat pump changes in temperature is characterized in that: comprise evaporimeter, evaporimeter front end installation two-way guiding control valve; Refrigeration, when heating water, the guiding control valve switches, the guiding control valve will be opened; Through the pipeline of balance filtration device through evaporimeter in the inlet chamber after the expansion valve throttling, closed refrigerant is led to the pipeline of outdoor evaporimeter after through the expansion valve throttling to cold-producing medium simultaneously from fluid reservoir, when the cold-producing medium of low-temp low-pressure gets into indoor evaporator; Exchange through blower fan and room air, thereby reduce indoor temperature, to reach the requirement of refrigeration; Cold-producing medium after the heat absorption filters through refrigerant purity filter, and after returning compressor and doing work, the cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser in the water tank; Carry out heat exchange with the cold water in the water tank, improve water temperature, so that use; The liquid state that cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure gets into fluid reservoir and comes and goes circulation, and the hot water in the water tank is connected with bathroom, kitchen, thus also just satisfied effect hot water of home-use domestic hot-water and cold air, when heating; The guiding control valve switches; The guiding control valve is opened, cold-producing medium from fluid reservoir through the balance filtration device through the expansion valve throttling after the pipeline of the outer evaporimeter of inlet chamber, simultaneously closed refrigerant through the expansion valve throttling after towards the pipeline of indoor evaporator; Evaporimeter outside the cold-producing medium inlet chamber of low-temp low-pressure; Exchange through blower fan and outdoor air, the cold-producing medium after the heat absorption filters through cold coal purity filter, after returning compressor and doing work; The cold-producing medium that generates HTHP gets into the condenser in the water tank; Carry out heat exchange with the cold water in the water tank, to reach the effect that improves water temperature, the liquid state entering fluid reservoir that the cold-producing medium after the heat exchange becomes low-temp low-pressure comes and goes circulation; Hot water in the water tank connects domestic hot water's pipeline and indoor superconducting radiator; Indoor superconducting radiator carries out heat release to the indoor low temperature air, to improve indoor temperature, has therefore also just satisfied the effect of home-use hot water and heating installation.
CN201010569851XA 2010-11-30 2010-11-30 Air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment Pending CN102478324A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010569851XA CN102478324A (en) 2010-11-30 2010-11-30 Air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201010569851XA CN102478324A (en) 2010-11-30 2010-11-30 Air energy heat pump cold-warm-hot integrated equipment

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CN102478324A true CN102478324A (en) 2012-05-30

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102661634A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-12 张耀中 Air source heat pump integrated device capable of cooling, heating and supplying hot water
CN103292376A (en) * 2013-06-30 2013-09-11 苏州市牛勿耳关电器科技有限公司 Intelligent smoke exhaust ventilator
CN103335371A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-02 镇江市博林光电科技有限公司 Air energy water heater and air conditioner integrated machine
CN104110804A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-10-22 济宁蓝创环保科技有限公司 System for recycling waste heat of air conditioner
CN106236928A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-12-21 郑景文 Chinese medicine ferment Zymolysis Equipment
CN110360623A (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-22 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air in kitchen regulating system
CN112611006A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-06 杭州肖育科技有限公司 Circulation energy-saving heating heat pump

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2171080Y (en) * 1993-08-31 1994-07-06 杨国平 Air conditioner
CN2738151Y (en) * 2004-10-28 2005-11-02 康景安 Air conditioner water heater comprehensive machine
CN101349456A (en) * 2007-07-17 2009-01-21 三洋电机株式会社 Air conditioner
CN101368749A (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-02-18 李遇春 Recirculated water low-level regenerated energy heating system of cooling column in thermal plant and refrigeration plant
CN201322441Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-10-07 宁波惠康实业有限公司 Heat pump water heater

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2171080Y (en) * 1993-08-31 1994-07-06 杨国平 Air conditioner
CN2738151Y (en) * 2004-10-28 2005-11-02 康景安 Air conditioner water heater comprehensive machine
CN101349456A (en) * 2007-07-17 2009-01-21 三洋电机株式会社 Air conditioner
CN101368749A (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-02-18 李遇春 Recirculated water low-level regenerated energy heating system of cooling column in thermal plant and refrigeration plant
CN201322441Y (en) * 2008-09-01 2009-10-07 宁波惠康实业有限公司 Heat pump water heater

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102661634A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-09-12 张耀中 Air source heat pump integrated device capable of cooling, heating and supplying hot water
CN103335371A (en) * 2013-06-26 2013-10-02 镇江市博林光电科技有限公司 Air energy water heater and air conditioner integrated machine
CN103292376A (en) * 2013-06-30 2013-09-11 苏州市牛勿耳关电器科技有限公司 Intelligent smoke exhaust ventilator
CN104110804A (en) * 2014-07-28 2014-10-22 济宁蓝创环保科技有限公司 System for recycling waste heat of air conditioner
CN106236928A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-12-21 郑景文 Chinese medicine ferment Zymolysis Equipment
CN110360623A (en) * 2018-04-09 2019-10-22 宁波方太厨具有限公司 Air in kitchen regulating system
CN112611006A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-06 杭州肖育科技有限公司 Circulation energy-saving heating heat pump

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Application publication date: 20120530