CN102436238B - Acquisition method of data acquisition and information management system for production line - Google Patents

Acquisition method of data acquisition and information management system for production line Download PDF

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CN102436238B
CN102436238B CN201110342828.1A CN201110342828A CN102436238B CN 102436238 B CN102436238 B CN 102436238B CN 201110342828 A CN201110342828 A CN 201110342828A CN 102436238 B CN102436238 B CN 102436238B
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information
management system
line
terminal
production line
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CN201110342828.1A
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CN102436238A (en
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彭选荣
章劲松
吴世庆
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广东轻工职业技术学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]
    • Y02P90/14Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS] characterised by fault tolerance, reliability of production system
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]
    • Y02P90/18Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS] characterised by the network communication

Abstract

本发明涉及生产线数据采集及信息管理系统和采集方法,其中系统包括多个生产线信息采集终端,接收控制中心管理系统的指令并将采集的数据上传给控制中心管理系统;多个生产线信息显示终端,用于接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令并控制显示屏显示效果;控制中心管理系统,用于与各采集终端和显示终端通讯进行信息交互,保存从各采集终端收到的信息,以图表形式显示生产线状况;多个采集终端、多个显示终端与控制中心管理系统构成串行总线网络。 The present invention relates to the production line data collection and information management systems and collection method, wherein the system comprises a plurality of lines of information collection terminal, the data reception control center management system instructions and collected uploaded to the control center management system; the plurality of line information display terminal, receiving instructions sent by the control center management system and controls the display screen; control center management system for collecting information interaction with the display terminal and the communication terminal, stores information received from each collection terminal, in graphic form status display line; a plurality of collection terminals, a plurality of display terminals and the control center management system including a serial bus network. 本发明可实时采集生产线信息,可及时对数据进行分析处理,支持多种产品同时上线,采用经济、可靠的工业总线方式组建通讯网络,支持根据企业需要和生产线布局灵活增加终端数量。 The present invention can collect real-time production line information, timely data analysis and processing, support for multiple products at the same time on-line, using economical and reliable way to set up industrial bus communications network, according to business needs and support the production line layout flexibility to increase the number of terminals.

Description

基于生产线数据采集及信息管理系统的数据采集方法 Data acquisition production line data acquisition and information management system based on

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于生产线自动化控制与信息管理系统设计领域,特别涉及一种适用于中小企业的生产线数据采集及信息管理系统和生产线数据采集方法。 [0001] The present invention pertains to the production line automation and information management system design, particularly suitable for small and medium enterprises, to a production line data acquisition and information management systems and production line data acquisition method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现代制造业的生产过程会产生大量实时的有用数据,这些数据需要准确记录并保存,为管理人员提供各种决策支持。 [0002] Modern manufacturing production process will generate a lot of useful real-time data that need to accurately record and save a variety of decision support for managers. 传统方式是安排工作人员手工记录并录入到电脑中,再借助基本的OFFICE工具进行简单数据分析。 The traditional way is to arrange for staff to manually record and entry into the computer, and then with the basic tools for simple data analysis OFFICE.

[0003] 随着信息技术的发展,信息技术在制造业中的应用越来越广泛。 [0003] With the development of information technology, application of information technology in manufacturing more and more widely. 很多企业购买了先进的网络设备和信息系统软件,管理效率得到大大提高。 Many companies purchase advanced network equipment and software information systems, management efficiency is greatly improved. 不过,大部分企业尤其是中小型企业对企业信息化积极性并不高。 However, the majority of enterprises, especially small and medium enterprises of enterprise information enthusiasm is not high. 主要原因有以下几点:I)现有的信息化模式往往针对大型企业应用需求而设计,要求企业一次性投入过大;2)现有信息采集及管理系统功能庞大,实施复杂,而且对使用人员要求较高,中小型企业不实用。 The following main reasons: I) the existing information model for large-scale enterprise applications often designed, require companies to one-time investment is too large; 2) existing information collection and management system features large, complex implementation, but also for use higher personnel requirements, SMEs are not practical. 因此,多数中小企业依然采用传统方式进行生产线数据的采集和数据处理。 Thus, most SMEs still use conventional manner acquisition and data processing of the data line. 这样既耗费人工,而且出错率高,也不便于管理者得到实时生产状况,不能及时对生产过程进行管理和控制,不利于提升企业管理效率。 This will not only labor-intensive, and error rate, ease of management who do not get real-time production status, can not be timely to manage and control the production process, it is not conducive to improve the efficiency of enterprise management.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的首要目的是解决现有技术中生产线数据采集和处理过程中耗费人工、出错率高的技术问题,提供一种基于生产线数据采集及信息管理系统的数据采集方法,该方法降低了数据采集和处理过程中的出错率,该方法支持多种产品同时在一条生产线处理,允许生产线随时变更产品,提升了企业应变能力。 [0004] The primary object of the present invention is to solve the technical problems of the prior art production line data acquisition and processing labor-intensive, high error rate, there is provided a data collection method and production line data acquisition based on the information management system, the method reduces data acquisition and processing error rate, which supports a variety of products at the same treatment in a production line, allowing the right to alter product line, enhance enterprise resilience.

[0005] 本发明的目的通过以下的技术方案实现:基于生产线数据采集及信息管理系统的数据采集方法,所述生产线数据采集及信息管理系统包括: [0005] The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solution: a method of data acquisition production line data acquisition and information management systems based on the production line data acquisition and information management system comprising:

[0006]多个生产线信息采集终端,用于实时采集生产线产品类型、生产数、不良品类型及不良数,接收控制中心管理系统的指令并将采集的数据上传给控制中心管理系统; [0006] plurality of lines of information collection terminal, the production line for the product type, the production number, the type and number of defective defective products in real-time acquisition, data center management system receives the control command and upload the collected management system to the control center;

[0007] 多个生产线信息显示终端,用于接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令并控制显示屏显示效果; [0007] plurality of lines of information display terminal, for receiving control commands sent by the central management system and controls the display screen;

[0008] 控制中心管理系统,用于与各生产线信息采集终端和各生产线信息显示终端通讯进行信息交互,保存从各生产线信息采集终端收到的信息,以图表形式显示生产线状况,提供参数设置、信息管理、历史记录查询功能; [0008] Control center management system for each line the information collection terminal and the production line information display terminal communication exchanges information, stores information received from each production line information collection terminal, the display line status graphically, for parameter setting, information management, history query function;

[0009] 所述多个生产线信息采集终端、所述多个生产线信息显示终端与所述控制中心管理系统构成串行总线网络; [0009] plurality of lines of the information collection terminal, the plurality of line information display terminal and the control center management system serial bus network configuration;

[0010] 所述数据采集方法,包括以下步骤: [0010] The data collection method, comprising the steps of:

[0011] 第一步,系统初始化; [0011] The first step, system initialization;

[0012] 第二步,生产线信息采集终端通电后处于待机模式,等待控制中心管理系统下发工作指令;[0013] 第三步,生产线信息采集终端在待机模式下收到控制中心管理系统的工作指令后进入工作模式,生产线信息采集终端的按键板准备接收生产线操作人员通过按键所输入的生产线信息; [0012] The second step, the terminal information collection line after power in the standby mode, waiting to be sent under the control of the central work order management system; [0013] a third step of the production line operation of the control terminal receives the information collection center management system in the standby mode after the instruction in work mode, the information collection terminal line key sheet production line is ready to receive the operator information line through the key input;

[0014] 第四步,进入工作模式后,生产线信息采集终端每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后,判断是否需要回应,若需要回应则将生产线信息通过通讯接口模块发送到控制中心管理系统; [0014] The fourth step, after entering the operating mode, the information collection terminal line each time it receives the control instruction delivered by the central management system, determines whether to respond to the need, if desired, will respond to the information transmission line control center via the communication interface module management systems;

[0015] 第五步,控制中心管理系统以轮询的方式访问每个生产线信息采集终端,接收每个生产线信息采集终端上传的数据并保存到数据库,然后将生产数据下发给生产线信息显示终端供刷新显示屏,同时控制中心管理系统读取数据库数据更新显示图表信息; [0015] The fifth step, the control center polling system management access to the information collection terminal for each line, each line receiving the data collection terminal information uploaded and saved to the database, and then sent to a production line information data terminal for display refresh, the control center simultaneously reads the database management system to update the display data chart;

[0016] 第六步,生产线信息显示终端通电后处于待机模式,等待接收控制中心管理系统的指令;每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后刷新显示屏,实时显示当前产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率的生产线信息。 [0016] The sixth step of the production line information display terminal after power in the standby mode waiting for receiving an instruction of the control center management system; after each time it receives the control command sent by the center management system to refresh the screen, display the current product model, production number of production lines, the number of plans, the difference between the number of bad numbers and bad rates.

[0017] 所述生产线信息采集终端包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的按键板、通讯接口模块、指示灯及蜂鸣器;单片机用于定时扫描按键板上的按键,判断当前工作模式,保存生产线信息,并通过通讯接口模块与控制中心管理系统进行信息交互,接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令,判断是否需要回应,是则将生产线信息发送到控制中心管理系统。 [0017] The line information acquisition terminal includes a microcontroller, and the keypad with the microcontroller are connected to the communication interface module, LEDs and buzzer; MCU timing of scanning a key pad for button, it is determined the current mode of operation, to save production line information, and information exchange via a communication interface module and system management control center, the control center receives the instruction sent management system, determines whether to respond, then the line is sent to the control center information management system.

[0018] 所述生产线信息显示终端包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的通讯接口模块和显示屏;单片机通过通讯接口模块接收控制中心管理系统下发的产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率的生产线信息,控制显示屏刷新显示。 [0018] The line information display terminal includes a microcontroller, and the communication interface module and a microcontroller connected to a display screen, respectively; MCU receives control via a communication interface module issued by the central management system product model, the production, the number of programs, the number of the difference, production line defect rate and the number of adverse information, the control display refresh the display.

[0019] 本发明的工作过程,主要如下:本发明生产线数据采集及信息管理系统上电、初始化后,生产线信息采集终端如果收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后,判断是否需要回应,是则将生产线信息通过通讯接口模块发送到控制中心管理系统;生产线信息显示终端收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后刷新显示屏,实时显示当前生产线相关信息;控制中心管理系统访问所有生产线信息采集终端和生产线信息显示终端,接收生产线信息采集终端上传的数据保存到数据库,将生产数据下发给生产线信息显示终端供刷新显示屏,同时管理系统软件读取数据库数据,更新主界面显示图表信息。 [0019] The operation of the present invention, mainly as follows: the line data of the present invention collection and information management systems electricity, initialization, line information collection terminal If the received command sent by the control center management system, determines whether to respond to, is then the line information transmitted via a communication interface module to the control center management system; line information display after the terminal receives the instruction issued by the control center management system to refresh the screen, display the current line information; control center management system access to all production line information gathering terminal and the line information display terminal, the reception data line information collection terminal to upload saved to the database, delivers the production data line information display terminal for display refresh, while the management software reads the database data, update the main interface chart.

[0020] 本发明与现有技术相比,具有如下优点和有益效果: [0020] Compared with the prior art the present invention has the following advantages and benefits:

[0021] 1、本发明装置主要由一台服务器、几块生产线信息采集终端、几块生产线信息显示终端和显示屏组成,服务器与各终端构成串行总线网络,结构简单,布局灵活。 [0021] 1, the present invention is mainly composed of a server apparatus, the information collection terminal pieces line, a few lines and the information display terminal screen composition, constituting the server and each terminal serial bus network, the structure is simple, flexible layout. 可根据企业生产线规模和布局增加或减少采集终端和显示终端。 May be increased or decreased in accordance with the display terminal and the collection terminal size and layout of production lines.

[0022] 2、本发明中生产线信息采集终端和信息显示终端的核心单元为8位单片机,价格低廉,极大地减少了企业为信息化付出的设备投入成本。 [0022] 2, the present invention, the terminal information collection line and an information display unit of the terminal core is 8-bit microcontroller, inexpensive, greatly reducing the cost of the device inputs information to pay for the enterprise.

[0023] 3、本发明通过配套软件设置产品类型识别按键、不良类型识别按键等,按键上贴明标签,便于生产线操作人员操作,不需要进行复杂培训。 [0023] 3, the present invention is provided by the supporting software product type identification keys, buttons and the like to identify the type of failure, the key labels posted out, to facilitate the production line operator operates, no complicated training. 而且设置产品类型识别按键使得本发明适用于需要随时变更产品品种或同时多种产品上线的场合,有助于提升企业应变能力。 And provided that the product type identification key to the present invention is applicable to products required to change at any time or simultaneously more variety of product lines case, help to improve the adaptability of enterprises.

[0024] 4、本发明设置了取消键、暂停/恢复工作键,减少了操作人员误操作几率,保证数据采集准确完整。 [0024] 4, the present invention is provided a cancel key, pause / resume button work, reduces the risk of misuse of the operator, to ensure accurate and complete data collection.

[0025] 5、本发明中信息管理系统软件不仅在主界面以图表形式实时显示当前生产状态,还提供了信息加工、数据分析处理等功能,可以为企业管理人员提供及时、准确、完整的信息,有助于管理人员作出科学准确的决策。 [0025] 5, the present invention, the information management system software not only in the main interface to graphically display the current production status, and provides information processing, data analysis and processing and other functions, can provide timely, accurate and complete information for the corporate executives to help managers make accurate decisions science.

[0026] 6、本发明特别针对中小型加工制造企业而设计,以收集实时生产线数据为基础,以数据库技术为核心,信息采集和信息管理功能满足此类企业需要,设备配置简单,操作方便,对使用者要求不高,简洁实用,降低了数据采集和处理过程中的出错率。 [0026] 6, the present invention is particularly for small and medium enterprises manufacturing designed to collect data in real time based on the production line, as the core technology in the database, information collection and information management functions to meet the needs of such enterprises, the device configuration is simple, easy to operate, less demanding on the user, simple and practical, it reduces the data acquisition and processing of the error rate.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027] 图1是生产线数据采集和管理系统结构图; [0027] FIG. 1 is a line data acquisition and management system configuration diagram;

[0028]图2是生产线信息采集终端结构示意图; [0028] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the production line terminal configuration information collection;

[0029] 图3是生产线信息显示终端结构示意图; [0029] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the production line information display terminal;

[0030] 图4是生产线信息采集终端主程序流程图。 [0030] FIG. 4 is a line information collection terminal main flowchart.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0031] 下面结合实施例及附图对本发明作进一步详细的描述,但本发明的实施方式不限于此。 [0031] and the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention will be further detailed embodiment, the embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0032] 如图1所示,本发明生产线数据采集及信息管理系统是基于单片机和计算机技术的生产线数据采集及信息管理系统,其包括: [0032] 1, the production line data acquisition and information management system of the present invention is based on single-chip computer technology and production line data acquisition and information management system, comprising:

[0033]多个生产线信息采集终端,用于实时采集生产线产品类型、生产数、不良品类型及不良数,接收控制中心管理系统的指令并将采集的数据上传给控制中心管理系统; [0033] plurality of lines of information collection terminal, the production line for the product type, the production number, the type and number of defective defective products in real-time acquisition, data center management system receives the control command and upload the collected management system to the control center;

[0034] 多个生产线信息显示终端,用于接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令并控制显示屏显示效果; [0034] plurality of lines of information display terminal, for receiving control commands sent by the central management system and controls the display screen;

[0035] 控制中心管理系统,用于与各采集终端和显示终端通讯进行信息交互,同时将收到的信息保存到数据库,在服务器主界面以图表形式显示生产线状况,为管理员提供参数设置、信息管理、历史记录查询等功能; [0035] Control center management system for each collection terminal and the communication terminal displays information interaction, while the received information is saved to the database, the server status line displays the main screen in graphic form, the administrator for parameter setting, information management, history query functions;

[0036] 所述多个生产线信息采集终端、所述多个生产线信息显示终端与所述控制中心管理系统可通过485通讯转换组件和RVSP屏蔽双绞线构成串行总线网络。 [0036] plurality of lines of the information collection terminal, the plurality of line information display terminal and the control center 485 via the communication management system RVSP conversion assembly and shielded twisted pair serial bus network.

[0037] 上述各模块中,生产线信息采集终端和生产线信息显示终端的核心部分均是单片机控制板,生产线信息显示终端包括相连接的单片机控制板和显示屏;控制中心管理系统是一台安装了数据库管理系统和专门开发的生产线信息管理系统软件的服务器。 [0037] each of the above modules, the line information acquisition terminal and line information display core part of the terminal are microcontroller board production line information display terminal includes a microcontroller board and the display are connected; control center management system is a computer with server database management systems and specially developed production line information management system software.

[0038] 所述生产线信息采集终端结构如图2所示,包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的按键板、通讯接口模块、指示灯及蜂鸣器。 [0038] The information collection terminal line structure shown in Figure 2, comprises a microcontroller, and the keypad with the microcontroller are connected to the communication interface module, LEDs and buzzer. 单片机用于定时扫描按键板上的按键,判断当前工作模式,保存生产线信息,并通过通讯接口模块与控制中心管理系统进行信息交互,接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令,判断是否需要回应,是则将生产线信息发送到控制中心管理系统。 MCU timing of scanning a key pad for button, it is determined the current mode of operation, to save production line information, and information exchange via a communication interface module and the control center management system, sent by the control center receives instruction management system, determines whether to respond to, is production line will be sent to the control center information management system. 按键功能由配套软件设置为生产数统计、产品类型识别、不良类型识别、取消统计、暂停/恢复工作等,可采集生产数或不良数。 Key Function set by the supporting software for the production of statistics, product type identification, bad type identification, statistical cancel, suspend / resume work, the production number or the number of poor can be collected.

[0039] 如图3所示,所述生产线信息显示终端包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的通讯接口模块、电源管理模块和显示屏。 [0039] As shown in FIG. 3, the line information display terminal includes a microcontroller, are respectively connected with the microcontroller and the communication interface module, a power management module and a display screen. 该终端电源管理模块为显示屏提供稳定可靠的控制电源;单片机通过通讯接口模块接收控制中心管理系统下发的产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率等生产线信息,控制显示屏刷新显示。 The terminal power management module provides a display screen reliable control power; MCU receives control issued by the central management system Model via the communication interface module, the production number, the number of programs, the difference between the number, the number of defective and defective rate production line information, the control display refresh the display. [0040] 如图4所示,本发明主要工作流程如下: [0040] As shown in FIG. 4, the main flow of the present invention work as follows:

[0041] 第一步,系统初始化。 [0041] The first step, the system is initialized. 控制中心管理系统开机运行生产线信息管理系统软件,管理员登录系统后首先进行系统初始化,根据生产排程设置当天上线的产品类型数、产品型号、相应的生产计划,确认无误后点击管理系统界面上的“开始通讯”按钮,通知所有生产线信息采集终端和生产线信息显示终端进入工作模式。 Control Manager system boot operation of the production line information management system software, the administrator login system first system initialization, according to the number of types of production schedules set on the line that day, product type, the corresponding production plan, the confirmation and click on Management System Interface "start communication" button to notify all information collection terminal production lines and production line information display terminals into the working mode.

[0042] 第二步,生产线信息采集终端通电后处于待机模式,一盏红灯闪烁,提示生产线操作人员系统供电正常,等待控制中心管理系统下发工作指令。 [0042] The second step, the terminal information collection line after power in standby mode, a flashing red light, indicating the production line operator to the normal power supply system, the work instruction waiting to be sent under the control of the central management system.

[0043] 第三步,生产线信息采集终端在待机模式下收到控制中心管理系统的工作指令后进入工作模式,生产线信息采集终端的按键板准备接收生产线操作人员通过按键所输入的生产线信息。 [0043] The third step, after the production line information collection terminal received work order control center management system in the standby mode into the working mode, the line information acquisition terminal keypad is ready to receive the line information or the production line operator input through the key. 红灯停止闪烁而常亮,提示生产线操作人员可以开始检测,生产线操作人员检测到信息,则按下相应按键。 Stops flashing and steady red light, indicating the production line operator may begin testing, production line operators detected information, press the corresponding button.

[0044] 第四步,进入工作模式后,生产线信息采集终端每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后,判断是否需要回应,若需要回应则将生产线信息通过通讯接口模块发送到控制中心管理系统。 [0044] The fourth step, after entering the operating mode, the information collection terminal line each time it receives the control instruction delivered by the central management system, determines whether to respond to the need, if desired, will respond to the information transmission line control center via the communication interface module management systems. 工作人员如果按键出错,可以按取消键输入取消信号,以取消前一次数据的输入;工作人员如果要临时离开本岗位,可以按暂停/恢复键输入暂停信号,使生产线信息采集终端进入待机模式,红灯闪烁,不处理检测信息,也不响应控制中心管理系统的通讯指令。 Staff If the key error cancel signal Press cancel key input, to cancel the previous input data; staff To temporarily leave the present position, press the pause / resume key to enter a pause signal to the production line information collection terminal enters standby mode, flashing red light, does not process the detection information, not in response to the control center management system communication instruction. 生产线操作人员返回后可重新按暂停/恢复键输入恢复信号,红灯常亮,生产线信息采集终端再次进入工作模式。 May be pressed again to pause / resume key input signal recovery return line operators, red light, line terminal re-enters the information collection mode.

[0045] 第五步,控制中心管理系统以轮询的方式访问每个生产线信息采集终端,接收每个生产线信息采集终端上传的数据并保存到数据库,然后将生产数据下发给生产线信息显示终端供刷新显示屏,同时控制中心管理系统主界面读取数据库数据更新显示图表信息。 [0045] The fifth step, the control center polling system management access to the information collection terminal for each line, each line receiving the data collection terminal information uploaded and saved to the database, and then sent to a production line information data terminal for updating of the display, while the control center database management system reads the main interface to update the display data chart.

[0046] 第六步,生产线信息显示终端通电后处于待机模式,等待接收控制中心管理系统的指令;每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后刷新显示屏,实时显示当前产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率的生产线信息。 [0046] The sixth step of the production line information display terminal after power in the standby mode waiting for receiving an instruction of the control center management system; after each time it receives the control command sent by the center management system to refresh the screen, display the current product model, production number of production lines, the number of plans, the difference between the number of bad numbers and bad rates.

[0047] 生产线信息管理系统软件主界面以图表形式显示当前产品各种不良类型及其不良数量、当前最高不良类型及其不良率、最近30个班次该产品不良数统计等。 [0047] production line information management system software main interface shows various types of adverse effects and adverse Quantity graphically, the current maximum rate of adverse types and bad, the last 30 trips to the number of defective product statistics.

[0048] 管理员登陆管理系统软件,点击“查看历史记录”菜单可以选择按天、按月、按季度等查看生产数据。 [0048] administrator login management system software, click on "View History" menu you can select daily, monthly, quarterly, etc. to view production data. 点击“设置”菜单可以设置产品种类、产品型号、生产计划、通讯端口、显示刷新频率、生产线信息采集终端数量等。 Click the "Settings" menu you can set product category, product type, production planning, communications port, display refresh rate, the number of production lines such as information collection terminal. 点击“系统管理”菜单可以供管理员根据生产线实际状况更新不良类型名称和部分数据。 Click the "System Management" menu can be used by administrators to update the bad type name and part of the data according to the actual situation of the production line. 工作时间结束,管理员点击“结束通讯”按钮通知所有生产线信息采集终端和生产线信息显示终端退出工作模式。 Working time ends, the administrator click "End Communications" button to notify all information collection terminal production lines and production line information display terminal exit mode.

[0049] 生产线信息管理系统软件发给生产线信息采集终端的指令帧格式: [0049] The line information management system software command line sent to the terminal information collection frame format:

[0050] [0050]

Figure CN102436238BD00061

[0051] 生产线信息采集终端回应帧格式: [0051] The line information acquisition terminal response frame format:

Figure CN102436238BD00071

[0054] 生产线信息管理系统软件发给生产线信息显示终端的指令帧格式: [0054] The line information management system software production line information display instruction sent to the terminal frame format:

[0055] [0055]

Figure CN102436238BD00072

[0056] 生产线信息管理系统软件发给所有设备的结束通讯帧格式: [0056] production line information management system software sent to the end of the communication frame format for all devices:

[0057] [0057]

Figure CN102436238BD00073

[0058] 上述实施例为本发明较佳的实施方式,但本发明的实施方式并不受上述实施例的限制,其他的任何未背离本发明的精神实质与原理下所作的改变、修饰、替代、组合、简化,均应为等效的置换方式,都包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0058] The preferred embodiment of the present invention embodiment, but the embodiment of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, changes made to any other without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention, modifications, substitutions , combined, simplified, should be equivalent replacement method, it is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1.基于生产线数据采集及信息管理系统的生产线数据采集方法,所述生产线数据采集及信息管理系统,包括: 多个生产线信息采集终端,用于实时采集生产线产品类型、生产数、不良品类型及不良数,接收控制中心管理系统的指令并将采集的数据上传给控制中心管理系统; 多个生产线信息显示终端,用于接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令并控制显示屏显示效果; 控制中心管理系统,用于与各生产线信息采集终端和各生产线信息显示终端通讯进行信息交互,保存从各生产线信息采集终端收到的信息,以图表形式显示生产线状况,提供参数设置、信息管理、历史记录查询功能; 所述多个生产线信息采集终端、所述多个生产线信息显示终端与所述控制中心管理系统构成串行总线网络;其特征在于,所述生产线数据采集方法包括以下步骤: 第一步,系统初始 1. Based on the production line data collection and information management system line data collection method, the production line data acquisition and information management system, comprising: a plurality of lines of information collection terminal for real-time acquisition line type of product, production number, defective products Types bad number, data center management system receiving the control instructions and upload the collected management system to the control center; a plurality of lines of information display terminal, for receiving control commands sent by the central management system and controls the display screen; control Manager system for each production line information collection terminal and each production line information display terminal communications exchange information, save the information received from the production line information collection terminal, display line status graphically, for parameter setting, information management, history records check function; said plurality of lines of information collection terminal, the information display of the plurality of line terminal and the control center management system serial bus network configuration; characterized in that said production line data acquisition method comprising the steps of: a first step The initial system 化; 第二步,生产线信息采集终端通电后处于待机模式,等待控制中心管理系统下发工作指令; 第三步,生产线信息采集终端在待机模式下收到控制中心管理系统的工作指令后进入工作模式,生产线信息采集终端的按键板准备接收生产线操作人员通过按键所输入的生产线信息; 第四步,进入工作模式后,生产线信息采集终端每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后,判断是否需要回应,若需要回应则将生产线信息通过通讯接口模块发送到控制中心管理系统; 第五步,控制中心管理系统以轮询的方式访问每个生产线信息采集终端,接收每个生产线信息采集终端上传的数据并保存到数据库,然后将生产数据下发给生产线信息显示终端供刷新显示屏,同时控制中心管理系统读取数据库数据更新显示图表信息; 第六步,生产线信息显示终端通电后处于 Of; the second step, after the production line information collection terminal is powered in the standby mode, waiting for the central control issued work order management system; after the third step, the terminal receives the information collection line work order control center management system in the standby mode into the working mode, the line information acquisition terminal keypad is ready to receive the line information or the production line operator input through the key; fourth step, after entering the operating mode, production line information collection terminal each time it receives an instruction issued by the control center management system, determines to respond to the need, if desired, the production line will respond to the information transmitted to the control center via a communication interface module management system; the fifth step, the control center polling system management access to the information collection terminal for each line, each line receiving the information collection terminal uploading the data and saved to the database, then the data sent to a production line for the information display terminal screen refresh, the control center simultaneously reads the database management system to update the display data chart; sixth step, the information display terminal line after power is 机模式,等待接收控制中心管理系统的指令;每次收到控制中心管理系统下发的指令后刷新显示屏,实时显示当前产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率的生产线信息。 Machine mode, waiting for instructions to receive a control center management system; after each received instruction issued by the control center management system to refresh the display, real-time display of the current product type, production number, the number of plans, the difference between the number of bad numbers and bad rate production line information.
2.根据权利要求1所述的生产线数据采集方法,其特征在于,所述的生产线数据采集及信息管理系统中,所述多个生产线信息采集终端、所述多个生产线信息显示终端与所述控制中心管理系统通过485通讯转换组件和RVSP屏蔽双绞线构成串行总线网络。 The line data collection method according to claim 1, characterized in that the production line data acquisition and information management system described above, the plurality of lines of information collection terminal, the plurality of line terminal and the information display control center management system 485 constituting the communication network via the serial bus conversion assembly and RVSP shielded twisted pair.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的生产线数据采集方法,其特征在于,所述的生产线数据采集及信息管理系统中,所述生产线信息采集终端包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的按键板、通讯接口模块、指示灯及蜂鸣器;单片机用于定时扫描按键板上的按键,判断当前工作模式,保存生产线信息,并通过通讯接口模块与控制中心管理系统进行信息交互,接收控制中心管理系统下发的指令,判断是否需要回应,是则将生产线信息发送到控制中心管理系统。 The production line data acquisition method according to claim 1, characterized in that the production line data acquisition and information management system described above, the line information acquisition terminal includes a microcontroller, and the keypad with the microcontroller are connected, communication interface module, LEDs and buzzer; MCU timing of scanning a key pad for button, it is determined the current mode of operation, to save production line information, and information exchange via a communication interface module and the control center management system, management system receives the control center issued instruction, determines whether to respond, then the line is sent to the control center information management system.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的生产线数据采集方法,其特征在于,所述的生产线数据采集及信息管理系统中,所述生产线信息显示终端包括单片机,以及分别与单片机连接的通讯接口模块和显示屏;单片机通过通讯接口模块接收控制中心管理系统下发的产品型号、生产数、计划数、差额数、不良数及不良率的生产线信息,控制显示屏刷新显示。 The production line data acquisition method according to claim 1, characterized in that the production line data acquisition and information management system described above, the line information display terminal includes a microcontroller, respectively, and the communication interface module connected to the microcontroller and a display screen; MCU receives the control center via the communication interface module management system issued by product type, production number, the number of plans, the difference between the number of lines of information, the number of bad and non-performing rate to control the display refresh the display.
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