CN102401836B - Biochemistry analyzer - Google Patents

Biochemistry analyzer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102401836B
CN102401836B CN 201110281728 CN201110281728A CN102401836B CN 102401836 B CN102401836 B CN 102401836B CN 201110281728 CN201110281728 CN 201110281728 CN 201110281728 A CN201110281728 A CN 201110281728A CN 102401836 B CN102401836 B CN 102401836B
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magnet
test
device
master device
biochemical analyzer
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CN 201110281728
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CN102401836A (en
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羊益刚
毛海明
商涛
叶贇
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艾康生物技术(杭州)有限公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种生化分析仪,包括一个主控装置(10)和测试装置(100),主控装置(10)包括至少一个存放腔(15),测试装置(100)被收纳在所述存放腔(15)内,存放腔(15)内设计有导轨(16),测试装置(100)设计有滑块结构,所述滑块结构能在存放腔(15)的导轨(16)内滑动,从而平稳地将测试装置(100)从存放腔(15)内移出或者将测试装置(100)组入到存放腔(15)内。 The present invention provides a biochemical analyzer, comprising a master device (10) and the testing device (100), the master device (10) comprises at least one storage chamber (15), the test device (100) is housed in the storage the chamber (15), designed with guide rails (16), the test device (100) designed with slide structure in the storing chamber (15), said slider can slide in a guide structure (16) storing chamber (15), thereby smooth the testing device (100) is removed (15) from the storage chamber or the testing device (100) set into the storage chamber (15). 测试装置内通过测试装置上的滑块在主控装置导轨内的移动配合,可以实现测试装置被安装在主控装置上或将测试装置从主控装置上拆卸下来。 The testing device and the test device by moving the slider fitted in the guide of the master device, the test device can be realized on a master device is attached or detached from the test device the master device. 这个操作过程简单、方便,检测结果准确。 The process is simple, easy, and accurate detection results.

Description

生化分析仪 biomedical analyzer

[0001] 技术领域 [0001] Technical Field

[0002] 本发明涉及一种医学上的检测分析仪,尤其涉及对血液中的生化指标检测的分析仪。 [0002] The present invention relates to the detection of a medical analyzer, and more particularly analyzer biochemical tests of blood.

[0003] 背景技术 [0003] BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0004] 随着科学技术的进步,检验医学领域中的床边体外诊断实验(POCT =Pointof Care Testing)应运而生并得到快速发展。 [0004] With the advancement of science and technology, bedside vitro diagnostic test (POCT = Pointof Care Testing) field of laboratory medicine came into being and developed rapidly. 20世纪五十年代出现的“浸与读”(dip-and-read)的干化学法是指将液体检测样本直接加到为不同项目特定生产的商业化的干式试剂条上,以被测样本的水分作为溶剂引起特定的化学反应,从而进行化学分析的方法。 1950s appears "dip and read" (dip-and-read) dry chemistry refers to the liquid test sample is added directly to the production of different items of specific commercial dry reagent strip to be measured water as the solvent due to sample a specific chemical reaction, thereby performing chemical analysis. 生化干式试纸法以其携带方便、操作简单测定速度快等特点,受到人们的关注,在现场快速检测中也发挥重要作用。 Biochemical dry dipstick its easy to carry, easy to operate measurement speed and other characteristics of people's attention, but also play an important role in the on-site rapid detection. 随着免疫反应和分子生物技术的引进,医学干式试纸法的检验领域扩展到对血糖、妊娠、血凝状态、心肌损伤、酸碱平衡、感染性疾病等的检测,以及治疗药物浓度监测(TMD)、酒精含量检测、凝血试验、血液中生化指标的分析、传染病过筛、外科手术时的激素水平及微芯片DNA诊断和药物滥用检测等。 With the introduction of an immune response and molecular biological techniques, extended field of medical inspection of a dry dipstick to the detection of glucose, pregnancy, blood coagulation state, myocardial injury, acid-base balance, infectious diseases, and therapeutic drug monitoring ( the TMD), alcohol testing, coagulation tests, analysis of blood biochemical indexes, sieved diseases, hormone levels and microchip DNA diagnostics and drug abuse detection during surgery and the like. 依靠目测法判断干化学试纸条的检测结果,只能作为定性判断,人为的主观因素对检测结果的判断影响很大,很容易造成误判。 Rely on the detection result of dry-chemical test strips to determine the visual method, only as a qualitative judgment, a great judge the impact of human factors on the subjective test results can easily lead to miscarriage of justice. 因此为使快速检测试纸的判读更准确,与之配套的的小型化实验仪器逐步发展起来。 So is the rapid tests are more accurate interpretation, accompanying miniaturization of laboratory instruments gradually developed. 这些检测仪器操作简便化、结果报告及时化、准确化,越来越受到临床医护人员、病人及其家属的青睐。 The instrumentation of easy operation, timely reporting of the results, accurate, more and favored by clinicians, patients and their families. 并且这些检测仪器所得到的资料还可以实现远距离无线传输至实验室计算机管理系统或电子病历。 These instrumentation and data obtained can also achieve long-distance wireless transmission to a computer laboratory management system or electronic medical record.

[0005] 美国专利US 4780283揭示了一种干式化学试纸分析仪。 [0005] U.S. Patent No. US 4780283 discloses a dry chemical test strip analyzer. 该分析仪包括固定不动的检测光源,装载测试试纸条的半球面的工作平台。 The analyzer comprises a light source fixed detector does not move, the test strip loaded work platform hemispheres. 通过弹簧之间的相互作用将半球面的工作平台运送到检测光源处进行检测。 By the interaction between the spring work platform hemispherical transported to the detection of the detected light. 由于只是利用了弹簧之间的机械作用力,不但在生产上要求有很精确地控制过程,增大了生产成本,而且利用弹簧的相互作用很难控制反应试剂条和检测光源之间的正确位置,影响检测结果。 Since only the use of mechanical force between the spring, not only in the production requires a very precise control of the process, the production cost increases, and the spring is difficult to control the correct position of the interaction between the light source and the detection reaction reagent strip , affect the test results. 而半球面的结构,增加了整个分析仪器的体积。 The hemispherical structure, increasing the size of the entire analytical instrument. 另一方面,弹簧使用寿命短,需要定期的更换弹簧,这会给仪器的使用者带来麻烦。 On the other hand, spring short life and requires regular replacement of spring, this will give the user the trouble instrument.

[0006] 美国Praxsys Biosystems Inc.公司开发了一种可用于定性和定量判断的快速免疫检测系统,在美国专利US6136610中揭示,该系统由检测仪和与之配套的检测试纸盒组成。 [0006] U.S. Praxsys Biosystems Inc. has developed an immunoassay for the rapid qualitative and quantitative determination of the system, disclosed in U.S. Patent No. US6136610, the system and the detector detects the test tray accompanying components. 该系统使用单通道,即一次仅能检测单一患者样本。 The system uses a single channel, i.e. one can only detect a single patient sample. 由于该检测仪器一次只能检测一项指标,因此检测效率比较低。 Since the detection equipment can only detect an indicator, the detection efficiency is relatively low.

[0007] 中国专利申请200910160639.5公开了一种多通道便携式胶体金试纸快速测试装置,主要包括:4个独立的检测通道、ARM数据处理器、键盘和IXD部分。 [0007] Chinese Patent Application No. 200910160639.5 discloses a portable multi-channel colloidal gold strip rapid test device, including: four independent detection channels, the data the ARM processor, a keyboard and a portion IXD. 该发明的检测装置能快速并且高通量的完成多种检测项目。 Detecting means and the invention can quickly perform a variety of high-throughput of test items. 但是该中国专利申请的4个独立的检测通道和整个检测仪是一个整体,仪器使用者不能通过更换检测通道来随意更换测试项目。 However, the Chinese patent application four separate detection channel and the entire detector is a whole, the user equipment can not easily replace the replacement detection channel to test items.

[0008] 中国专利申请200410052202.7公开了一种快速诊断侧流分析系统和方法,该检测系统包括I个主单元和I至20个测试模块,并通过USB或蓝牙无线接收器连接到电脑主机,电脑主机通过软件控制检测仪运行。 [0008] Chinese Patent Application No. 200410052202.7 discloses a rapid diagnostic lateral flow assay methods and systems, the detection system comprising a master unit and the I-th test modules I to 20, and is connected to a host computer via a USB or Bluetooth wireless receiver, computer host software control detector operation. 该专利申请还公开了主单元与测试模块之间被设计成相对独立关系,主单元发生故障时,所有的测试装置可以被拆卸下来并与另一个主单元重新装配。 This patent application also discloses designed to be relatively independent of the relationship between the test module and the main unit, the master unit fails, all of the test apparatus can be detached and re-assembled with the other main unit. 该专利申请所述的测试模块从主单元中拆卸下来是一个非常复杂的过程,需要启开很多零部件。 The patent application of the test module detached from the main unit down is a very complex process and requires a lot of components being opened. 另一方面,所述的测试模块并不是一个封闭的结构,当被拆卸下来的测试模块内留存有测试时的样品或测试试剂时,这些残留的样品或试剂会被暴露在环境中,不仅污染了周围的环境,还会对操作人员的生命安全构成危险。 On the other hand, the test module is not a closed structure, when the test module is detached or when a test sample when the test agent retained, these residual samples or reagents are exposed to the environment, not only pollute the surrounding environment, but also constitutes a danger to the safety of operating personnel.

[0009] 发明内容 [0009] SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] 为了克服上述现有技术中的缺点,本发明的目的之一是提供一种医学检验用的测 [0010] To overcome the disadvantages of the above prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a medical examination with measurement

试装置。 Test apparatus.

[0011] 1、一种医学检验用的测试装置,其特征在于:包括底座101、设计在底座101上的用于运送测试元件的可移动的载台102和位于载台102上方的可移动的光源发射和接收装置103,载台102可以在预先设定的轨道往复移动,光源发射和接收装置103可以靠近和远离载台102,载台102和光源发射和接收装置103的移动轨迹或者移动轨迹的延长线在同一平面内相互交叉或者在同一平面内的正投影相互交叉。 [0011] A test apparatus used for medical testing, characterized by: a stage 102 and the stage 102 is located above the movable base 101, the base 101 is designed for conveying the movable member of the test light transmitting and receiving means 103, the stage 102 can be moved reciprocally in a predetermined track, the light source 103 can be transmitting and receiving means toward and away from the stage 102, stage 102 and the trajectory or trajectories light transmitting and receiving means 103 extension lines cross each other or on the same plane orthogonal projection on the same plane intersect each other.

[0012] 2、根据I所述的测试装置,其特征在于:当载台102上的某个固定区域恰好位于光源发射和接收装置103的正投影处时,载台102停止移动,然后光源发射和接收装置103靠近载台102上的那个固定区域,进行检测,检测完成后再远离载台102上的那个固定区域。 [0012] 2, test apparatus according to claim I, wherein: when a fixed area on the stage 102 is located just the orthogonal projection of the light source of the transmission and receiving apparatus 103, the stage 102 stops moving, then the light source emits and receiving means near the fixing area 103 on the stage 102, it is detected, after detecting the completion of the stage away from the fixed area 102.

[0013] 3、根据2所述的测试装置,其特征在于:测试装置还包括至少一个固定设计在底座101上的支架104,所述光源发射和接收装置103设计在所述支架104上。 [0013] 3. The testing apparatus of claim 2, wherein: test means further comprises at least a fixed design on the base 101 of the bracket 104, the light transmitting and receiving means 103 on the bracket 104 design.

[0014] 4、根据3所述的测试装置,其特征在于:所述测试装置包括至少二个马达,分别驱动所述载台102和光源发射和接收装置103。 [0014] 4. The test apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: said testing means comprises at least two motors, respectively, driving the stage 102 and the light source 103 transmitting and receiving means.

[0015] 5、根据4所述的测试装置,其特征在于:所述电动马达是步进电机107、130。 [0015] 5. The test apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: said electric motor is a stepper motor 107,130.

[0016] 6、根据5所述的测试装置,其特征在于:在载台102上固定有齿条板111,带有齿轮108的步进电机107安装在所述支架上,步进电机上的齿轮108与载台102上的齿条板111啮合连接,带动载台102移动。 [0016] 6. The test apparatus according to claim 5, characterized in that: in stage 102 is fixed to the rack plate 111, a stepping motor with a gear 108 mounted on the bracket 107, the stepping motor gear 108 meshed with the rack plate 111 is connected to the stage 102, stage 102 driven by the mobile.

[0017] 7、根据3所述的测试装置,其特征在于:在底座101上设计有左支架104、右支架105,在所述左支架和右支架上设计有上支架106,光源发射和接收装置103设计在上支架106 上。 [0017] 7. The test apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the base 101 is designed with a left bracket 104 and right bracket 105, the bracket 106 has a design on the left bracket and a right bracket, the light source transmission and reception design of the device 103 in the bracket 106.

[0018] 8、根据I所述的测试装置,其特征在于:光源发射和接收装置103包括光源发射装置131、光接收装置和控制光源发射和接收装置移动的光耦开关132。 [0018] 8. The test apparatus according to claim I, wherein: the light source apparatus 103 includes a transmitting and receiving light emitting device 131, light receiving apparatus 132 and the control switch optocoupler light transmission and receiving apparatus move.

[0019] 9、根据8所述的测试装置,其特征在于:所述光藕开关132具有发光孔133,光源发射和接收装置上具有遮挡板134,所述遮挡板134相对于发光孔133具有遮挡发光孔133和离开发光孔133两个位置。 [0019] 9. A testing apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: said optical coupling switch 132 has a light emitting aperture 133, the light transmitting and receiving means having a shielding plate 134, the shielding plate 134 having a hole 133 with respect to the light emitting blocking light emitting hole 133 and hole 133 away from the light emitting two positions.

[0020] 10、根据9所述的测试装置,其特征在于:光源发射和接收装置103向下运行过程中,当遮挡板134位于光藕开关132的发光孔133上方,此时光路畅通,电源一直保持供电状态,使光源发射装置131在电动马达130转动下继续向下运动,当遮挡板134阻挡了光藕开关132的发光孔133时,光路被切断,从而关闭光源发射和接收装置103的电动马达130的电源,并开启光源发射和接收装置103进行样本的分析。 [0020] 10. The test apparatus according to claim 9, wherein: the process of downward travel of the light source 103 transmitting and receiving means, when the shutter plate 134 is located above the light emitting aperture 132 of the coupling switch 133, this time smooth road, the power remains powered state, the light source emitting device 131 continues to move downward under the rotation of the electric motor 130, when the shielding plate 134 blocks the light coupling switch emitting holes 132 of 133, the optical path is cut off, thereby closing the light transmitting and receiving means 103 the electric motor power supply 130, and turns on the light source 103 for transmitting and receiving apparatus for analyzing a sample.

[0021] 11、根据I 一10之任一者所述的测试装置,其特征在于:底座101固定设计有导轨座112,载台104固定设计有导轨113,所述导轨113与导轨座112滑动组合。 [0021] 11, a test apparatus I according to any one of claim 10, characterized in that: a base 101 fixed to base 112 with a guide rail design, the design stage 104 fixed to the guide rail 113, the guide rail 113 and the slide base 112 combination.

[0022] 本发明的目的之二是提供一种医用检测分析仪。 [0022] Second object of the present invention to provide a medical analyzer detector. [0023] 12、一种医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:包括一个主控装置10和至少一个测试装置100,其中,主控装置10包括电源装置11、控制装置、检测结果输出装置和不少于测试装置个数的存放腔15,测试装置100包括用于承载检测元件和检测样本的载台102和位于载台102上方的光源发射和接收装置103,测试装置100被安置于主控装置的存放腔15内并与主控装置的电源装置11、控制装置和检测结果输出装置电连接,控制装置控制测试装置的载台102在某个方向往复移动,光源发射和接收装置103在与载台102移动方向大致垂直的方向上作靠近和远离载台的移动,并且检测置于载台102上的检测元件的颜色变化参数,然后将该参数输送至控制装置,经过控制装置处理后,经由检测结果输出装置输出检测结果。 [0023] 12, a medical detector analyzer, characterized by: a master device 10 and comprising at least one test apparatus 100, wherein the master device 10 includes a power supply means 11, control means, and the number of the detection result output means number storing chamber test apparatus 15, test apparatus 100 includes a carrier detecting element and a detection stage 102 and the stage 102 is located above the light transmitting and receiving means 103 samples, the test apparatus 100 is placed in the master device storing chamber 15 and the power supply device 11 of the master device, and the control means is electrically connected to the detection result output means, the control means controls the test apparatus stage 102 moves reciprocally in a certain direction, the light source 103 in the transmitting and receiving means and the stage for movement toward and away from the stage 102 is moved in the direction substantially perpendicular direction, and detecting the color change parameter detection element is placed on the stage 102, and then conveyed to the parameter control means, the control means after treatment, through the detection result output means outputs the detection result.

[0024] 13、根据12所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:测试装置100可以反复多次抽出和组入主控装置10。 [0024] 13, 12 according to the medical testing analyzer, wherein: the testing device 100 may be repeatedly drawn into the master device 10 and the group.

[0025] 14、根据13所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:测试装置100的外壁和主控装置10的存放腔15的内壁之间设计有滑轨结构。 [0025] 14, according to the medical testing analyzer 13, characterized in that: the design of the slide rail structure between an inner wall and an outer wall of storage chamber 100 of the master device 10 of the testing apparatus 15.

[0026] 15、根据14所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:滑轨结构包括安置于存放腔15内壁和测试装置外壁上的导轨16和滑块结构120,所述滑块结构120能在存放腔15的导轨16内滑动。 [0026] 15, according to the medical testing analyzer 14, characterized in that: the slide rail structure includes an inner wall disposed within the storage cavities 15 and an outer wall of the testing apparatus rail 16 and the slider structure 120, the structure 120 can slide slide within the storing chamber 15 of the guide rail 16.

[0027] 16、根据12 - 15之任一者所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:包括二个或者二个以上的测试装置100,每个测试装置可以检测同种类检测样本的相同或者不同的参数,也可以检测不同种类检测样本的相同或者不同的参数。 [0027] 16. 12-- 15 of any one of the medical detection analyzer, characterized by: comprising two or more than two test apparatus 100, each test device may detect the same or the same kind of test samples different parameters may be the same or different detection parameters of different types of test samples.

[0028] 17、根据15所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:还包括至少一个试剂存放单元18,该试剂存放单元18内可以放置若干检测元件。 [0028] 17, according to the medical testing analyzer 15, characterized in that: further comprising at least one reagent storage unit 18, the reagent storage unit 18 may be disposed within a number of detection elements.

[0029] 18、根据17所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10内的存放腔15可选择性地收容测试装置100或者试剂存放单元18,即存放腔15不仅能收纳测试装置100,还可收纳试剂存放单元18。 [0029] 18, according to the medical testing analyzer 17, characterized in that: the master device within the storage cavities 10 15 selectively receiving the test apparatus 100 or the reagent storage unit 18, i.e. not only storing chamber 15 accommodating the test apparatus 100, the reagent storage unit 18 may be accommodated.

[0030] 19、根据12 - 15和17 — 18之任一者所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:其中检测结果输出装置包括包括打印机14和/或显示器13。 [0030] 19. The 12--15 and 17-- 18 of any one of the medical detection analyzer, characterized in that: wherein the output means includes a detection result including 14 and / or display 13 printer.

[0031] 20、根据12 - 15和17 — 18之任一者所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:其中控制装置包括触摸屏显示器13,该触摸屏显示器13提供了操作界面。 [0031] 20. The 12--15 and 17-- 18 of any one of the medical detection analyzer, wherein: wherein the control means comprises a touch screen display 13, the touchscreen display 13 provides the operator interface.

[0032] 21、根据12 - 15和17 — 18之任一者所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:还包括将主控装置10与测试装置100锁扣或者释放的锁扣装置。 [0032] 21. The 12--15 and 17-- 18 of any one of the medical detection analyzer, wherein: the apparatus further comprises a latch 100 latching the master device 10 and the testing device or released.

[0033] 22、根据21所述的医用检测分析仪,其特征在于:所述锁扣装置包括三个永磁磁块,其中第一和第二磁块安置在主控装置10的外壳,第三磁块固定在测试装置100的外壳,当测试装置被充分地收容在主控装置的存放腔15内时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁块位于第一和第三磁块之间,第二和第三磁块的相对的二极磁性相反(例如一个是S极,另一个是N极),第一块磁块与第二磁块相对的二极磁性相同(例如全部是N极或者S极),第一磁块可以随测试装置(100)沿三个磁块的连线移动。 [0033] 22, according to the medical testing analyzer 21, wherein: said latching means comprises three permanent magnetic blocks, wherein the first and second magnet disposed in the housing 10 of the master device, the first three magnet mounted in the housing of the test apparatus 100, when the testing device is fully housed within the storing chamber in the master device 15, three magnetic blocks arranged in a substantially straight line, a second magnetic blocks located between the first and third magnetic between the blocks, the second and the third two opposite magnetic poles of opposite magnetic blocks (e.g., one S pole and one N pole), two magnetic poles of a magnet and a second magnet opposing the same (e.g. all N-pole or S-pole), a first magnet may be moved in connection with three blocks of magnetic testing device (100).

[0034] 本发明的目的之三是提供一种生化分析仪。 [0034] another object of the present invention is to provide a biochemical analyzer.

[0035] 23、一种生化分析仪,其特征在于:包括一个主控装置10和至少一个测试装置100,主控装置10包括至少一个存放腔15,测试装置100被收纳在所述存放腔15内,存放腔15内设计有导轨16,测试装置100设计有滑块结构,所述滑块结构能在存放腔15的导轨16内滑动,从而平稳地将测试装置100从存放腔15内移出或者将测试装置100组入到存放腔15内。 [0035] 23, a biochemical analyzer, which is characterized in that: a master device 10 and comprises at least one test apparatus 100, the master device 10 comprises at least one storage chamber 15, the test apparatus 100 is accommodated in the storing chamber 15 inside, the storage chamber 15 is designed with a guide rail 16, the test apparatus 100 is designed with a structure of the slider, the slider can slide in the guide structure 16 of the storing chamber 15, 100 to smoothly be removed from the storage chamber 15 or the testing device the test apparatus 100 is set into the storing chamber 15.

[0036] 24、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:存放腔15的两侧壁分别设计有导轨16,或者在存放腔的底部设计有导轨17,或者在存放腔的两侧壁和底部都设计有导轨。 [0036] 24. The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, wherein: the storing chamber 15 side walls are designed with a guide rail 16, or in the storage chamber is designed with a bottom rail 17, or in both side walls of the storage chamber and are designed with the bottom rail.

[0037] 25、根据24所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述滑块结构包括设计于测试装置底座101之侧边的滑块座120,在滑块座120内设有滑块121,所述滑块121能在存放腔15的导轨16内滑动。 [0037] 25, according to the biochemical analyzer 24, characterized in that: said slider structure includes the design of the chassis 101 to the side of the test apparatus slider seat 120, 121 in the slider 120 slide base site the slider 121 can slide within the track 16 of the storage chamber 15.

[0038] 26、根据24所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述滑块结构包括设计于测试装置底座101之底部的滑块座120,在滑块座120内设有滑块121,所述滑块121能在存放腔15的导轨17内移动。 [0038] 26, according to the biochemical analyzer 24, characterized in that: said seat slide structure comprising a slide designed in the bottom of the test apparatus 120 of the base 101, 120 in the slider seat equipped with slide 121, the slide 121 is movable within the guide rail 17 storing chamber 15.

[0039] 27、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:包括二个或者二个以上的测试装置100和数量不少于测试装置个数的存放腔15。 [0039] 27. The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, characterized by: comprising two or more than two test apparatus 100 less than the number of storage cavities 15 and the number of the test apparatus.

[0040] 28、根据27所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的测试装置100之间是相互独立 [0040] 28. The biochemical analyzer of claim 27, wherein: between the test apparatus 100 is independent of the

工作的。 work.

[0041] 29、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:还包括至少一个试剂存放单元18,至少有一个存放腔15用于收纳试剂存放单元18,其余的存放腔用于收纳测试装置100。 [0041] 29 The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, characterized in that: further comprising at least one reagent storage unit 18, there is at least one storage chamber 15 for receiving the reagent storing unit 18, the remaining storage cavities for receiving the test device 100.

[0042] 30、根据29所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的试剂存放单元内有试剂存放架19。 [0042] 30 The biochemical analyzer of claim 29, wherein: a reagent storage rack 19 of the reagent storing unit of the.

[0043] 31、根据23至30之任一者所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的测试装置100或试剂存放架19与主控装置10之间通过磁块锁扣结构相互扣合。 [0043] 31, 23 to 30 according to any one of the biochemical analyzer, wherein: the test apparatus 100 or the reagent storage rack between the master device 19 and the magnet 10 by snap locking features to each other co.

[0044] 32、根据31所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的磁块锁扣结构包括三个永磁磁块,其中第一磁块151和第二磁块152安置在主控装置10的外壳,第三磁块153固定在测试装置100的外壳,当测试装置被充分地收容在主控装置的存放腔15内时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁块152位于第一磁块151和第三磁块153之间,第二磁块152和第三磁块153的相对的二极磁性相反(例如一个是S极,另一个是N极),第一块磁块151与第二磁块152相对的二极磁性相同(例如全部是N极或者S极),第一磁块151可以沿三个磁块的连线移动。 [0044] 32, according to the biochemical analyzer 31, characterized in that: said magnet structure includes three latching permanent magnet, wherein a first magnet and a second magnet 151 is disposed in the master block 152 housing means 10, the third magnet 153 fixed to the housing of the test apparatus 100, when the testing device is fully housed within the storing chamber in the master device 15, three magnetic blocks arranged in a substantially straight line, a second magnet block 152 is located between the first magnet 151 and the third magnet 153, two opposing magnetic poles and second magnetic blocks 152 opposite the third magnet block 153 (e.g., a S-pole, the other N pole), a first block 151 with the two-pole magnet magnetic block 152 opposite to the second magnetic same (e.g. all N pole or S pole), a first magnet block 151 can move along the three magnetic connection block.

[0045] 33、根据32所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:第一磁块151设计在测试装置后挡板126上,第二磁铁块152设计在主控装置10内,在主控装置后盖上设计有两个支撑架154,第三磁块153通过弹簧片155与支撑架154连接。 [0045] 33. The biochemical analyzer of claim 32, wherein: a first magnetic design on the rear block 151 the test device shutter 126, a second magnet block 152 designed in the master device 10, the master device after the cover is designed with two support frame 154, a third magnet block 153 is connected via a spring plate 155 and the support frame 154.

[0046] 34、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10还包括主电源11、总开关12、操作面板13和打印机14,总开关12、操作面板13和打印机14与主电源11电连接。 [0046] 34. The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, wherein: the master device 10 further includes a main power source 11, main switch 12, a printer 14 and an operation panel 13, main switch 12, an operation panel 13 and a printer 14 with the main power source 11 is electrically connected.

[0047] 35、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10还包括USB接口19、风扇20和总电源接入口21。 [0047] 35 The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, wherein: the master device 10 further includes a USB interface 19, the fan 20 and the inlet 21 of the total power.

[0048] 36、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:测试装置100包括一个底座101,设计在底座101上的运送检测试纸条的载台102,位于载台102上方的光源发射和接收装置103,在底座101上至少固定设计有一个支架,所述光源发射和接收装置103设计在所述支架上,在载台102的至少一侧固定地设计有齿条板111,在所述支架上设计有步进电机107,步进电机上的齿轮108与载台102上的齿条板111啮合连接,步进电机带动齿轮转动,齿轮带动载台在测试装置内移动。 [0048] 36. The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, wherein: the testing device 100 includes a base 101, a light source emitting the stage 102 is located above the stage 102 on the base 101 is designed to transport the test strip and receiving means 103, is fixed on the base 101 is designed with at least one bracket, said light transmitting and receiving means 103 on the stent design, at least one side of the stage 102 is designed with a fixed rack plate 111, at the the above-described design of the stepper motor bracket 107, the rack gear 108 on the stage plate 102 engages the stepper motor 111 is connected, a stepping motor driven gears, gear turns the stage moves in the test apparatus.

[0049] 37、根据36所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述光源发射和接收装置103包括推动光源发射装置131上下运动的马达130、光源发射装置131、光接收装置和控制光源发射和接收装置运动位置的光耦开关132。 [0049] 37, 36 according to the biochemical analyzer, wherein: the light source apparatus 103 includes a transmitting and receiving a motor driven vertically movable light source 131 emitting device 130, light emitting device 131, light receiving means and controls the light source emission and optocoupler switch receives movement position of the device 132.

[0050] 38、根据23所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述主控装置10与测试装置100电连通。 [0050] 38 The biochemical analyzer of claim 23, wherein: the electrical device 10 and the master test apparatus 100 in communication.

[0051] 39、根据38所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10与测试装置100通过电源连接器140连接。 [0051] 39 The biochemical analyzer of claim 38, wherein: the power supply 100 is connected to connector 140 via the master device 10 and the test apparatus.

[0052] 本发明的目的之四是提供另一种生化分析仪。 [0052] The object of this invention to provide an alternative biochemical analyzer.

[0053] 40、一种生化分析仪,包括主控装置10和与主控装置10电连接的测试装置100,其特征在于:主控装置10包括电源装置11和控制装置,测试装置100包括可移动的载台102和位于载台上方可作接近和远离载台移动的光源发射和接收装置103。 [0053] 40, a biochemical analyzer, comprising a test apparatus 10 and the master device 10 and the master device 100 is electrically connected, wherein: the master device 10 includes a power supply device and a control device 11, the test apparatus 100 comprises a 102 located on a stage before the stage for movement toward and away from the light transmitting and receiving means 103 to move the stage.

[0054] 41、根据40所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述控制装置包括与主控装置10的外壳由铰链连接的操作面板13,操作面板13可以以铰链为转轴翻转O — 180度。 [0054] 41. The biochemical analyzer of claim 40, wherein: said control means includes an operation panel of the housing connected to the master device 10 by a hinge 13, the operation panel 13 may be turned over the hinge as the axis O - 180 degree.

[0055] 42、根据41所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述操作面板13的操作界面向下,当操作面板13以铰链为转轴翻转90 - 180度时,其操作面板13处于开启状态。 [0055] 42, according to the biochemical analyzer 41, characterized in that: said operator interface panel 13 downwardly, the operation panel 13 when the hinge shaft is turned 90 - When 180 degrees, the operation panel 13 in the open status.

[0056] 43、根据41所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述操作面板13的操作界面向上,当操作面板13以铰链为转轴翻转O — 90度时,其操作面板13处于开启状态。 [0056] 43, according to the biochemical analyzer 41, characterized in that: said operator interface panel 13 upwardly, the operation panel 13 when the hinge shaft is inverted O - 90 degrees, the operation panel 13 is turned on .

[0057] 44、根据43所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:操作面板13设有支架24,支架24的两端分别抵靠操作面板13和主控装置10的外壳,使操作面板13与主控装置10的外壳保持介于O — 90度间的夹角。 [0057] 44 The biochemical analyzer of claim 43, wherein: the operation panel 13 is provided with brackets 24, 24 are at both ends of the stent against the housing 13 and the operation panel 10 of the master device, and operation panel 13 housing means 10 is held between the master O - angle between 90 degrees.

[0058] 45、根据40 - 44之任一者所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的操作面板13是IXD或者LED显示面板。 [0058] 45. 40-- 44 of any one of the biochemical analyzer, wherein: the operation panel 13 or an LED display panel is IXD.

[0059] 46、根据45所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的操作面板13是可进行触摸屏操作的触摸屏IXD或者LED显示面板。 [0059] 46. The biochemical analyzer of claim 45, wherein: said operation panel 13 is a touch screen may be a touch screen or an LED display panel IXD.

[0060] 47、根据40 - 44之任一者所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10内设有存放腔15,测试装置100以抽屉的方式插入存放腔或者从存放腔中抽出。 [0060] 47. 40-- 44 of any one of the biochemical analyzer, wherein: the master device 10 equipped with a storage chamber 15, the test apparatus 100 is inserted into a drawer or from a storage chamber storing chamber withdrawn.

[0061] 48、根据47所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:存放腔15的内壁和测试装置100的外壁设有相互配合的滑轨装置。 [0061] 48. The biochemical analyzer of claim 47, wherein: an inner wall and an outer wall of storage chamber 100 of the test apparatus 15 is provided with a slide cooperating means.

[0062] 49、根据48所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:滑轨结构包括导轨16和滑块结构120,所述滑块结构能在导轨上移动。 [0062] 49. The biochemical analyzer of claim 48, wherein: the slide rail structure comprising a rail structure 16 and the slider 120, the slider structure movable on the rails.

[0063] 本发明的目的之五是提供一种磁块锁扣结构。 [0063] The object of the present invention is to provide a five magnet latching structure.

[0064] 50、一种磁块锁扣结构,包括至少三个永磁磁块,其中第一磁块151固定在第一装置上,第二磁块152固定在第二装置上,第三磁块153可活动地安置在第二装置上,当第一和第二装置处于相互靠近的位置时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁块152位于第一磁块151和第三磁块153之间,第二磁块152和第三磁块153的相对的二极磁性相同(例如全部是N极或者S极),第一磁块151与第二磁块152相对的二极磁性相异(例如一个是S极,另一个是N极),第三磁块153可以沿三个磁块的连线移动。 [0064] 50. A magnet latching structure comprising at least three permanent magnet, wherein the first magnet 151 secured to the first means, a second magnet block 152 is fixed to the second means, the third magnetic block 153 is movably disposed on the second means, when the first and second means in a position close to each other, three magnet pieces arranged in a substantially straight line, a second magnet 151 and the third block 152 is located in a first magnet block between the magnetic blocks 153, two opposing magnetic poles of the second magnet block 152 and the third magnet block 153 is the same (e.g. all N pole or S pole), a first magnet 151 and the second magnetic pole block 152 two opposite distinct magnetic (e.g., a S-pole, the other N pole), a third magnet block 153 can move along the three magnetic connection block. [0065] 51、根据50所述的磁块锁扣结构,其特征在于:第二装置上设计有两个支架154和二端活动连接到支架154的弹簧片155,所述第三磁块153与弹簧片155固定连接。 [0065] 51. The magnet 50 of the latch assembly, wherein: the bracket 154 and is designed with two active ends connected to the spring plate 155 of the holder 154 on a second device, said third magnetic blocks 153 fixedly connected to the spring pieces 155.

[0066] 52、根据50所述的磁块锁扣结构,其特征在于:第二装置上设计有两个滑杆156和套在滑杆156上的滑杆扣157,第三磁块153可以通过滑杆扣157在滑杆156上滑动。 [0066] 52. The magnet structure of the latch 50, characterized in that: the design has two sets of sliders 156 and 156 on the slider fastener slider 157 on the second device, a third magnet block 153 can be on the slide bar 156 by sliding the slider 157 button.

[0067] 53、根据50所述的磁块锁扣结构,其特征在于:第二装置上设计有两个弹簧158,第三磁块153通过弹簧扣159与弹簧158相连。 [0067] 53. The structure of the latch magnet 50, characterized in that: the design of two springs 158 on the second device, a third magnetic blocks 153 are connected by snap springs 159 and 158.

[0068] 本发明的目的之六是提供一种利用磁块锁扣结构使两个装置相互锁扣和分离的方法。 [0068] VI object of the present invention to provide a method using a magnetic locking feature that the two block devices and separated from each other latch.

[0069] 54、一种利用磁块锁扣结构使两个装置相互锁扣和分离的方法,所述磁块锁扣结构包括至少三个永磁磁块,其中第一磁块151固定在第一装置上,第二磁块152固定在第二装置上,第三磁块153可活动地安置在第二装置上,当第一和第二装置处于相互靠近的位置时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁块152位于第一磁块151和第三磁块153之间,第二磁块152和第三磁块153的相对的二极磁性相同(例如全部是N极或者S极),第一磁块151与第二磁块152相对的二极磁性相异(例如一个是S极,另一个是N极),第三磁块153可以沿三个磁块的连线移动,所述方法包括如下步骤:1)将固定有所述第一磁块151的第一装置向固定有所述第二磁块152的第二装置靠近,并且使所述第三磁块153与所述第二磁块152保持足够远的距离,第一磁块151和第二磁块152通过磁力吸附在一起,从而将第一装置 [0069] 54. A latch structure using the two magnet pieces each latching means and method of separating the magnetic latch block structure includes at least three permanent magnet, wherein the first magnet 151 fixed to the first on a device, a second magnet block 152 is fixed to the second means, the third magnet 153 is movably disposed on the second means, when the first and second means in a position close to each other, three basic magnetic blocks arranged in line, a second magnet block 152 is located between the first magnet 151 and the third magnet 153, the same two opposing magnetic poles of the second magnet and the third magnet block 152 of block 153 (e.g., all-pole or N S pole), a first magnet 151 and the opposite two different magnetic poles of the second magnetic block 152 (e.g., a S-pole, the other N pole), a third magnet block 153 can be moved three magnet block connection movement, said method comprising the steps of: 1) fixed to the first block of the first magnetic means 151 is fixed to the second block 152 of the second magnetic means close, and the third magnet piece 153 and retaining the second magnetic block 152 a sufficient distance, the first magnet 151 and second magnet 152 magnetically attached to each other, so that the first means 和第二装置相互锁扣;2)推动第三磁块153向第二磁块152靠近,第三磁块153和第二磁块152以及第一磁块151之间的相互排斥力,削弱第一磁块151和第二磁块153之间的磁性吸力,从而使第一装置和第二装置相互分离。 And second latch means from each other; 2) to promote the third magnet 153 closer to the second magnet 152, a magnetic mutual repulsive force between the third and second magnetic block 153 and block 152 a first magnet 151, the first weakening the magnetic attraction between the magnet 151 and the second block 153 a magnet, so that the first and second devices from each other.

[0070] 本发明的目的之七是提供一种具有磁块锁扣结构的生化分析仪。 [0070] The object of the present invention is to provide a seven biochemical analyzer magnet block having a latch structure.

[0071] 55、一种具有磁块锁扣结构的生化分析仪,包括主控装置10和测试装置100,主控装置10内设有存放腔15,测试装置100被收容在存放腔15内,其特征在于:所述磁块锁扣结构包括至少三个永磁磁块,其中第一磁块151固定在测试装置100上,第二磁块152固定在主控装置10上,第三磁块153可活动地安置在主控装置10上,当主控装置10和试装置100处于相互靠近的位置时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁块152位于第一磁块151和第三磁块153之间,第二磁块152和第三磁块153的相对的二极磁性相同(例如全部是N极或者S极),第一磁块151与第二磁块152相对的二极磁性相异(例如一个是S极,另一个是N极),第三磁块153可以沿三个磁块的连线移动。 [0071] 55, having a biochemical analyzer magnet latching structure, including the master device 10 and testing device 100, the master device 10 equipped with the storage cavities 15, the test apparatus 100 is housed within the storing chamber 15, wherein: said magnet latching structure includes at least three permanent magnet, wherein the first magnet 151 is fixed on the test device 100, a second magnet block 152 is fixed to the master device 10, a third magnet block 153 is movably disposed on the master device 10, when the master device 10 and the test apparatus 100 in a position close to each other, three magnet pieces arranged in a substantially straight line, a second magnetic blocks located between the first magnet 152 and 151 between 153, two opposite second magnetic blocks 152 and the third magnetic-pole magnet of the third magnet 153 is the same (e.g. all N-pole or S-pole), a first magnet 151 and second magnet 152 opposite two distinct magnetic pole (e.g., a S-pole, the other N pole), a third magnet block 153 can move along the three magnetic connection block.

[0072] 56、根据55所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:在主控装置10上设计有两个支撑架154)第三磁块153通过弹簧片155与支撑架154连接。 [0072] 56. The biochemical analyzer of claim 55, wherein: in the master device 10 is designed with two support frame 154) are connected by a third magnet block 153 the leaf spring 155 and the support frame 154.

[0073] 57、根据55所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10上设计有两个滑杆156,第三磁块153可以通过滑杆扣157在滑杆156上滑动。 [0073] 57. The biochemical analyzer of claim 55, wherein: the master device 10 design has two sliders 156, a third magnet block 153 on the slide bar 156 can slide through the slider button 157.

[0074] 58、根据55所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:主控装置10上设计有两个弹簧158,第三磁块153通过弹簧扣159与弹簧158相互抵触。 [0074] 58. The biochemical analyzer of claim 55, wherein: the spring 158 is designed with two master device 10, a third magnet 153 by snap spring 158 and the spring 159 contradicted.

[0075] 本发明的目的之八是提供一种采用生化分析仪测量生物样本参数的测试方法。 [0075] The object of the present invention is to provide an eight biochemical analyzer test method for measuring the parameters of a biological sample.

[0076] 59、一种采用生化分析仪测量生物样本参数的测试方法,其特征在于:包括以下步骤:1)打开电源,生化分析仪开机并进入开机自检步骤;2)开机自检通过后,生化分析仪进入预热步骤;3)当生化分析仪的测试温度满足预先设定的温度条件时,提示放入测试元件和检测样本;4)生化分析仪启动测试;5)测试完成后,输出测试结果;6)提示取出使用过的测试元件和检测样本;7)提示检测是否结束;8)若选择未结束,则提示放入新的测试元件和检测样本,然后重复步骤4) - 6) ;9)若选择结束,则关机,结束测试。 After 2) by POST; 1) Turn on the power is turned on and biochemical analyzer POST Step: [0076] 59 A biochemical analyzer using test method for measuring the parameters of a biological sample, characterized by: comprising the steps of , biochemical analyzer into the preheating step; 3) when the biochemical analyzer test temperature satisfies a predetermined temperature condition, prompts for the test sample and the test element; 4) start the test biochemical analyzer; 5) after the test is completed, output test results; 6) prompts taken and the used test sample test element; 7) indicates the testing is finished; 8) if the selection has not ended, then prompts for the new test element and the test sample, and then repeat steps 4) - 6 ); 9) If you choose to end the shutdown, the end of the test.

[0077] 60、根据59所述的测试方法,其特征在于:所述生化分析仪包括主控装置10和至少一个测试装置100,开机自检步骤包括检查各个设备的状态是否正常,以及检查测试装置100的数量。 [0077] 60. The testing method of claim 59, wherein: said master device comprises a biochemical analyzer 10 and at least one test to check the test apparatus 100, including the step of checking whether the POST normal state of each device, and number 100 apparatus.

[0078] 61、根据60所述的测试方法,其特征在于:当测试装置100的数量等于或者大于二时,在开机自检通过的步骤后、预热步骤前,还包括选择开启哪台或者哪些台测试装置100进行测试的步骤。 [0078] 61. The testing method of claim 60, wherein: when the number of the test apparatus 100 is greater than or equal to two when, after power of the self-checking step, before the preheating step, which further comprises selecting station or open which station apparatus 100 performs the step of testing the test.

[0079] 62、根据61所述的测试方法,其特征在于:在选定了测试装置100进行测试的步骤后或者预热步骤后,还包括对所选定的测试装置100所要进行的测试种类进行选择的步骤。 [0079] 62, according to the test method of claim 61, wherein: after step 100 a test apparatus for testing a selected or after the preheating step, further comprising testing the selected type of test device 100 to be carried out selection step.

[0080] 63、根据61所述的测试方法,其特征在于:在放入测试元件和检测样本后、分析仪启动测试前,还包括对所选定的测试装置100所要进行的测试种类进行自动判断的步骤。 [0080] 63. The testing method of claim 61, wherein: after the test element and the test sample into the analyzer before starting the test, further comprising the test species selected test apparatus 100 to be performed automatically the determination step.

[0081] 64、根据63所述的测试方法,其特征在于:测试元件上附带有测试种类的标示信息,生化分析仪读取测试元件上的标示信息后自动判断测试种类。 [0081] 64. The testing method of claim 63, wherein: with a test element with a test type designation information, automatically determines the type of the biochemical analyzer test designation information is read on the test element.

[0082] 65、根据64所述的测试方法,其特征在于:每一台测试装置100完成测试后,生化分析仪提示测试是否结束,若选择结束,则关闭本台测试装置100,若不进行任何选择,则本台测试装置100闲置预定时间后关闭。 [0082] 65. The testing method of claim 64, wherein: after completion of the test 100 each testing device tests prompted biochemical analyzer is finished, if the selection is completed, the test apparatus 100 closes this station and, if not no option 100 is closed after a predetermined inactivity time this station test apparatus.

[0083] 66、根据65所述的测试方法,其特征在于:当全部的测试装置100关闭后,生化分析仪关机。 [0083] 66. The testing method of claim 65, wherein: when the test apparatus 100 all closed, biochemical analyzer off.

[0084] 67、根据59所述的测试方法,其特征在于:生化分析仪的主控装置10和至少一个测试装置100之间设有导轨,至少一个测试装置100可以在主控装置10内滑动。 [0084] 67, according to the test method of claim 59, wherein: the master device biochemical analyzer 10 and at least one test apparatus 100 is provided between the guide rails, at least one test apparatus 100 may slide within the master device 10 .

[0085] 68、根据67所述的测试方法,其特征在于:生化分析仪还包括有外形轮廓和尺寸与测试装置100相同或者相近的试剂存放单元18,主控装置10内设有轮廓和尺寸与测试装置100和试剂存放单元18相匹配的存放腔15,存放腔可以选择性地收容测试装置100或者试剂存放单元18,即存放腔15不仅能收纳测试装置100,还可收纳试剂存放单元18。 [0085] 68. The testing method of claim 67, wherein: biochemical analyzer further comprises the same or similar contour of the reagent storing unit and the size of the test device 100 18, 10 equipped with a master device configuration and dimension reagent test device 100 and a storage unit 18 that matches the storage chamber 15 may be selectively storing chamber receiving the test apparatus 100 or the reagent storage unit 18, i.e. not only storing chamber 15 accommodating the test apparatus 100, the reagent storing unit 18 may be accommodated .

[0086] 69、根据68所述的测试方法,其特征在于:试剂存放单元18与主控装置10之间设有导轨。 [0086] 69. The testing method of claim 68, wherein: the reagent storing unit 18 and the master device 10 is provided between the guide rails.

[0087] 由于采用上述技术方案,本发明带来了以下有益效果: [0087] Since the above technical solution, the present invention brings about the following advantageous effects:

[0088] 测试装置内通过测试装置上的滑块在主控装置导轨内的移动配合,可以实现测试装置被安装在主控装置上或将测试装置从主控装置上拆卸下来。 [0088] The testing device with the slider movement on the test means in the master guide means can be realized testing apparatus is mounted on a test device or master device detached from the master device. 这个操作过程简单、方便。 The process is simple and convenient.

[0089] 由于存放腔内还可以收纳试剂存放单元,操作者可以把需要的试剂提前放在试剂存放单元的试剂架中,检测时就能非常方便地从所述的试剂存放架中取出需要的试剂。 [0089] Since the storage cavity also housing the reagent storing unit, the operator can advance the desired reagent on the reagent racks in the reagent storage unit, can be easily from the reagent storage rack removed required detection reagents. 如果某种类型的测试装置被长期使用,则其对应试剂存放单元也可长期存放在主控装置内,与测试装置形成一对一的关系,防止错用试剂。 If a long-term type of test apparatus is used, it corresponds reagent storage unit may be long-term storage in the master device, one to one relationship formed in the test device, to prevent the wrong reagent. 试剂存放单元被收纳在主控装置内,使得操作台面不至于堆满试剂瓶,防止发生试剂瓶倒翻等危险事件。 The reagent storage unit is housed in the master device, so that the operation table will not filled with reagent bottles, reagent bottle to prevent spills and other dangerous events.

[0090] 本发明所述的磁块锁扣结构利用了磁块的同性相吸、异性相斥的原理,有效的实现了测试装置和主控装置之间的装配。 [0090] The magnet block locking feature of the present invention utilizes the like attracts the magnet piece, sex repulsion principle, effective assembly is achieved between the test device and the master device. 本发明所述的磁块锁扣结构,并不需要操作者使用很多的力气,也不需要操作者拆卸诸如很多的螺丝螺帽等,整个过程非常简单方便。 Magnet latching structure of the present invention does not require the operator to use a lot of effort, the operator does not need a lot of disassembling such as a screw and nut, the whole process is very simple and convenient.

[0091] 本发明所述的利用步进电机驱动齿轮带动载台上的齿条板运行,从而带动试纸试纸载台的运动,不仅提高了测试速度,而且步进电机连续平稳的驱动作用,能稳定和精确的将载台运送到正确位置。 [0091] The stepping motor according to the present invention, the drive gear drives the rack plate is run on a stage, so as to drive the paper strip stage movement, not only improve the test speed, smooth and continuous stepping motor driving action, can stable and accurate delivery of the stage to the correct position.

[0092] 载台的下部设计有导轨与底座上的导轨座配合使用,使得载台能平滑的在测试装置内运动,减少了噪声的干扰。 A lower [0092] The design stage guide seat on the rail and the base used in conjunction, so that the stage can be smoothly moving in the test apparatus, reduced noise interference.

[0093] 本发明所述的挡板不仅对测试装置中的试纸条载台和光源发射和接收装置起到很好的保护,使载台和光源发射和接收装置免受外力撞击,防止粉尘污染。 [0093] The present invention is not only for the flap strip test device and a light source stage transmission and receiving apparatus well protected, so that the stage and the light source transmission and receiving apparatus from external impact, to prevent dust Pollution. 同时当测试装置被单独存放时,由于测试装置是一个封闭的结构,当被拆卸下来的测试装置内留存有测试时的样品或测试试剂时,载台上残留的试剂或样品不会被暴露在外界环境中,防止对周围环境和操作者的污染。 Meanwhile, when the testing device is stored separately, due to the testing device is a closed structure, when the testing device is detachable when the test agent or retained samples are tested on a stage residual reagent or sample is not exposed to the external environment, prevent pollution of the surrounding environment and the operator.

[0094] 本发明的生化分析仪还包括用于支撑操作面板的支架结构,由于操作面板在树立时,其后有支架支撑,操作者在使用面板按键时,操作面板不会向后坍塌。 [0094] The biochemical analyzer according to the present invention further comprises a support structure for supporting the operation panel, since the operation panel is set at the time, followed by a bracket to support the operator in the use of panel buttons, an operation panel not collapse rearwardly.

[0095] 附图说明 [0095] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0096] 图1生化分析仪示意图; [0096] Fig 1 a schematic biochemical analyzer;

[0097] 图2生化分析仪操作面板打开状态示意图; [0097] FIG. 2 biochemical analyzer schematic operation panel open state;

[0098] 图3生化分析仪中的一个测试装置被抽出的状态示意图; [0098] FIG. 3 is a biochemical analyzer test apparatus is drawn a schematic view of a state;

[0099] 图4生化分析仪中有试剂存放单元示意图; [0099] Fig 4 a schematic diagram of biochemical analyzer reagent storing unit;

[0100] 图5生化分析仪及测试装置的后部结构示意图; [0100] The rear structure of FIG. 5 testing device and biochemical analyzer schematic;

[0101]图6生化分析仪的操作面板被支架支撑的第二种设计示意图; [0101] FIG. 6 biochemical analyzer holder supporting the operation panel is a schematic view of a second design;

[0102] 图7生化分析仪的测试装置内部结构示意图; [0102] FIG 7 the internal structure of a test apparatus biochemical analyzer schematic;

[0103] 图8生化分析仪的测试装置沿线A - A方向的剖视图; A test apparatus along line [0103] FIG biochemical analyzer 8 - A cross-sectional view direction;

[0104] 图9生化分析仪的测试装置之测试装置门打开示意图; [0104] The testing device testing apparatus in FIG door 9 opens a schematic biochemical analyzer;

[0105] 图10第一种磁块锁扣结构中第一磁块和第二磁块相互吸引的示意图; [0105] FIG 10 a first magnet block in a first magnet block latch assembly and a second magnetic attraction block schematic;

[0106] 图11第一种磁块锁扣结构中第一磁块和第二磁块相互分开的示意图; [0106] FIG 11 a first magnet block in a first magnet block latch assembly and the second magnetic blocks separate from each other a schematic view;

[0107] 图12第二种磁块锁扣结构示意图; [0107] FIG 12 a schematic view of a second magnet latching structure;

[0108] 图13第三种磁块锁扣结构示意图; [0108] FIG 13 a schematic view of a third magnet latching structure;

[0109] 图14生化分析仪测试流程图。 [0109] FIG 14 a flow chart biochemical analyzer.

[0110] 具体实施方式 [0110] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0111] 下面结合具体附图对本发明进行详细的说明。 [0111] The present invention will be described in detail with reference to specific drawings. 这些具体的实施例仅仅是在不违背本发明精神下的有限列举,并不排除本领域的一般技术人员把现有技术和本发明结合而产生的其他具体的实施方案。 These specific embodiments are merely exemplified without departing from the spirit of the limited invention does not exclude those skilled in the art in conjunction with the prior art and the present invention produced in other specific embodiments.

[0112] 如图1所示,本发明所述的生化分析仪I包括一个主控装置10和一个或者一个以上相互独立的测试装置100,主控装置10与测试装置100通过电连接器140和导线连接。 [0112] As shown, according to the present invention comprises a biochemical analyzer 1 I a 10 and a master device or one or more independent testing apparatus 100, the master device 10 and the test apparatus 100 through electrical connector 140 and wire connections. 每个测试装置100能根据主控装置10传输的指令,各自独立地完成检测项目并将检测结果传输给主控装置10输出。 Each test apparatus 100 can be transmitted according to an instruction master device 10, independently project and detect the transmission completion detection result output to the master device 10. 每个测试装置100之间被设计成相对独立的关系,测试装置100可以自由地与主控装置10进行反复的拆装。 Each test device is designed to be relatively independent relationship between 100, the test apparatus 100 can be freely repeated disassembly and master device 10.

[0113] 如图1至图6所示,主控装置10的机壳内包括有主电源11 (接通外部商品用电后给生化分析仪的各部分供电)。 [0113] As shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, the master device within the cabinet 10 includes a main power source 11 (supplying power to each part of the biochemical analyzer connected to an external electrical goods). 主控装置10还包括有分析仪的总开关12、操作面板13和打印机14。 Master device 10 further comprises a main switch of the analyzer 12, the operation panel 13 and a printer 14. 总开关12、操作面板13和打印机14分别与主电源11电连接。 The main switch 12, the printer 14 and operation panel 13 are electrically connected to the main power source 11. 操作面板13是一个触摸显示屏,既可显示检测过程的界面以及检测结果,又可方便操作者触摸屏幕进行操作。 The operation panel 13 is a touch screen, the interface can display and a detection result of the detection process, but also to facilitate the operator touches the screen.

[0114] 主控装置10的机壳内并列地设置有一个或者一个以上尺寸大小与测试装置100基本相当的存放腔15。 [0114] disposed within the cabinet in parallel to the master device 10 with one or more than one size of the test device 100 substantially corresponding to storage chamber 15. 为了使测试装置能快速平稳地被推入到主控装置的存放腔15内,存放腔15的至少两侧壁分别设计有导轨16,或者在存放腔15的底部设计有导轨17,或者在存放腔的两侧壁和底部都设计有导轨。 To make the test means can quickly be smoothly pushed into the storage chamber 15 of the master device, storing at least two side walls of the chamber 15 are designed guide rails 16, guide rail 17 or the bottom of the storing chamber 15 of the design, or in the storage side walls and bottom of the chamber are designed with rails. 所述导轨与测试装置上的滑块或滑轮(未图示)配合。 Sliders or rollers (not shown) fitted on the rail and test device. 当测试装置被组装到主控装置或从主控装置上拆卸下来的过程中,测试装置上的滑块或滑轮在导轨内滑动,引导测试装置进入主控装置的存放腔或离开存放腔15。 When the process of the test apparatus is assembled to or detached from the master device on the master device, or a pulley on the test slide means slides within the track, the guide means into the test chamber storing master device or away from the storage chamber 15.

[0115] 如图4所示,所述的存放腔15内也可放入大小和形状与测试装置100基本相当的试剂存放单元18,所述试剂存放单元18内可以设置一个或者多个试剂存放架19,用于存放测试用的测试元件,该测试元件可以是测试试剂或者试剂桶等。 [0115] As shown, substantially equivalent reagent storage 100 of the storage unit 15 may be placed within the cavity size and shape of the test device 18, the reagent 4 within storage unit 18 may be provided or a plurality of reagent storage frame 19, for storing the test elements used for testing, the test element can be a test reagent or reagents barrels. 该设计的优点在于,可根据实际需要,主控装置10内的存放腔15全部安装测试装置100,或者部分安装测试装置100,其它的安装试剂存放单元18,从而使设计更灵活。 The advantage of this design is that, according to actual needs, the master device within the storage cavities 10 15 100 all mounted test apparatus, the test apparatus 100 or the mounting portion, other mounting reagent storing unit 18, so that design flexibility. 如图4所示的生化分析仪1,包括了一个主控装置10、两个测试装置100和一个试剂存放单元18。 As shown in FIG. 4 biochemical analyzer 1 includes a master device 10, two reagent test apparatus 100 and a storage unit 18. 作为更多变更的实施方式,生化分析仪I可以包括一个主控装置10、一至十个,甚至十个以上的测试装置100和一至十个,甚至十个以上的试剂存放单元18,并且测试装置100和存放单元18的数量可以依需要随意结合。 As an additional embodiment changes, I biochemical analyzer 10 may include a host device, one to ten, or even more than ten test apparatus 100 and one to ten, or even more than ten reagent storing unit 18, and the test device number 100 and the storage unit 18 may be freely combined as needed. 操作者可以把进行检测时需要的试剂提前放在试剂存放架19中。 The operator may be required when the reagent in the detection reagent in advance in the storage rack 19. 当进行检测时,操作者可以非常方便地从分析仪的试剂存放单元中取出相应的反应试剂。 When detected, the operator can easily remove the respective reagents from the reagent storing unit of the analyzer. 如果测试装置被长期使用,则其对应试剂存放单元也可长期存放在主控装置内,与测试装置形成一对一的关系,防止错用试剂。 If the test device is used for a long, it corresponds reagent storage unit may be long-term storage in the master device, one to one relationship formed in the test device, to prevent the wrong reagent. 另外试剂都归类放置在试剂存放单元中,使得操作台面不至于堆满试剂瓶,防止发生试剂瓶倒翻等危险事件。 Further reagents were classified in the reagent storage unit is placed, so that the operation table will not filled with reagent bottles, reagent bottles to prevent dangerous incidents spills and the like.

[0116] 主控装置10的外壳上装配有USB接口26、风扇20、总电源接入口21等。 [0116] equipped with a USB interface 26, the fan 20 on the housing 10 of the master device, the main power inlet 21 and the like. 为了使被推入的测试装置100稳定地保持在存放腔15内,主控装置的后盖上对应每个测试装置的位置还可以包括锁扣孔22。 To make the test apparatus 100 is pushed stably held within the storing chamber 15, the master device after the cover of a position corresponding to each of the test apparatus may further include latch holes 22.

[0117] 操作面板13可以是IXD、LED触摸屏面板或一些具有按键的IXD、LED面板。 [0117] The operation panel 13 may be IXD, LED touch screen panel having keys or some IXD, LED panels. 操作面板13通过铰链23与主控装置10连接,也可通过铰链(未图示)和支架24与主控装置10连接。 The operation panel 13 connected by a hinge 23 with the master device 10, but also through a hinge (not shown) and the bracket 24 with the master device 10 is connected.

[0118] 如图7至图9所示,测试装置100包括一个底座101,运送检测试纸条的载台102设计在底座上,光源发射和接收装置103位于载台102的上方。 [0118] As shown in FIG. 7 to FIG. 9, the test apparatus 100 includes a base 101, a test strip transporting stage 102 is designed on the base, the light source 103 transmitting and receiving means 102 is positioned above the stage. 在底座101上固定设计有左支架104和右支架105,左右支架将载台102包围在其内。 Is fixed on the base 101 is designed with left bracket 104 and right bracket 105, the bracket around the stage 102 enclosed therein. 光源发射和接收装置103安装在左右支架上,或者在左右支架上固定设计有上支架106,光源发射和接收装置103被安装在上支架106上。 Light transmitting and receiving means 103 is mounted on the left and right brackets, or brackets fixed to the design of the stent 106 on the right and left, the light source transmitting and receiving means 103 is mounted on the bracket 106. 载台102可以在预先设定的轨道往复移动,光源发射和接收装置103可以靠近和远离载台102,载台102和光源发射和接收装置103的移动轨迹或者移动轨迹的延长线在同一平面内相互交叉或者在同一平面内的正投影相互交叉。 Stage 102 may be moved reciprocally in a predetermined track, the light source 103 can be transmitting and receiving means toward and away from the stage 102, stage 102 or the movement trajectory and the trajectory extension line of light transmitting and receiving means 103 in the same plane intersecting or orthogonal projection in the same plane intersect each other.

[0119] 在至少一个支架104或105上设计有步进电机107,步进电机上装有齿轮108。 [0119] at least one bracket 104 or 105 is designed with a stepping motor 107, the stepping motor 108 has a gear. 运送检测试纸条的载台102包括用于承载检测试纸条109的托盘110。 The test strip transporting stage 102 includes a tray 110 carrying a test strip 109. 在载台102的至少一侧固定地设计有齿条板111。 In stage 102 is fixedly designed at least one side of the rack plate 111. 所述齿轮108与载台102上的齿条板111啮合。 The gear 108 meshed with the rack plate 111 on the stage 102. 当步进电机工作时,驱使驱动齿轮转动,然后再驱使齿条板111作直线运行,从而将与齿条板相连的载台送到测试区域或从测试区域退出。 Work when the stepping motor, driving the drive gear, and then drives the rack plate 111 as a straight line running, so that the stage and the rack plate coupled to the test area or exits from the test area. 步进电机对运动的精度比较高,因此当齿轮带动齿条板的运动,不仅提高了运送测试试纸的速度,而且也提高了测试的稳定性和准确性。 Stepper motor movement accuracy is relatively high, so the gear when the drive movement of the rack plate, not only increase the speed of the conveying test strip, but also improve the stability and accuracy of the test.

[0120] 底座101的中部位置固定设计有导轨座112,该导轨座112与试纸条载台102上的导轨113配合使用,载台102能在测试装置内沿着导轨座滑动,从而运送测试条到达检测位置或退出测试区域。 Middle stationary design [0120] base 101 has a guide seat 112, the seat rail 112 and the strip 113 on the stage guide rail 102 used in conjunction with, stage 102 can slide along the guide seat in the test apparatus, thereby transporting test Article reaches the detection position or exit test area. 所述的导轨113设计于载台102的下部。 The design of the lower guide rail 113 of the stage 102.

[0121] 在载台上位于试纸条的测试区域的下方有一个温度控制装置114。 With a temperature control device 114 positioned on a stage below the test area of ​​the test strip [0121]. 当测试的环境温度不符合预先设定的温度范围时,温度控制装置将自动调节温度(例如加热),使测试环境的温度符合预先设定的温度范围。 When the ambient temperature of the test does not meet the predetermined temperature range, the temperature controlling means will automatically adjust the temperature (e.g. heating), the temperature of the test environment to meet the predetermined temperature range. 温度控制装置包括电阻加热装置,并通过陶瓷片或金属片传递温度。 Temperature control means includes resistive heating means, and temperature is transmitted through the ceramic sheet or a metal sheet.

[0122] 测试装置底座101的左右两侧还可以各安置有一个滑块座120,滑块座120通过螺栓固定在底座101上。 [0122] left and right sides of the base 101 of the test device may also be disposed in each seat a slider 120, slider seat 120 by a bolt 101 fixed to the base. 滑块121固定设计在滑块座120上,该滑块121能在存放腔15侧壁的导轨16内自由滑动,从而带动整个测试装置在存放腔15内移动,测试装置被推入存放腔准备进行被分析物的检测,或者被移出存放腔。 Design of the slider 121 is fixed to the slider holder 120, the slider 121 to slide freely within the storing chamber 15 side wall 16 of the guide rail, so as to drive move within the test device storage chamber 15 is pushed into the testing device storing chamber ready detecting the analyte, or is moved out of storage cavities. 带有滑块的滑块座还可以设置在底座的下部,与存放腔内的底部导轨17配合使用。 A slider holder with a slider may be provided at a lower portion of the base, with the storage chamber 17 with the use of bottom rail. 作为变更设计,滑块座120和滑块121也可以是一个整体,还可以是一个与导轨16相配合的条状物。 As design changes, the slider 120 and the slider holder 121 may be integral, or may be a guide rail 16 cooperating strips.

[0123] 为了更好的保护测试载台和光源发射和接收装置,在测试装置100的前后左右还可以各设计有挡板122-126,即右挡板122、左挡板123、上挡板124、前挡板125和后挡板126。 [0123] To protect the light source and the test stage transmission and receiving apparatus, the test apparatus 100 around, may also be designed with baffles 122-126 each, i.e., the right shutter 122, the left shutter 123, the shutter 124, the front bezel 125 and the tailgate 126. 在前挡板125上设计有一个测试装置门127,测试装置门127与前挡板125可以通过铰链连接。 The baffle 125 is designed with a front door 127 test apparatus, the test apparatus 127 with the front bezel door 125 may be connected by a hinge. 当测试装置不使用或正在检测时,测试装置门是关闭的。 When the test device is not used or is being detected, the test apparatus door is closed. 当测试装置中的试纸条载台需要运送检测试纸条时,测试装置门打开,方便操作者存放或取出测试试纸。 When the test strip in the test device to be shipped stage test strip, the test device door is opened, the operator convenience store or remove the test strip. 所述挡板对测试装置中的试纸条载台和光源发射和接收装置起到很好的保护,使载台和光源发射和接收装置免受外力撞击,并可防止粉尘污染。 The test strip of the baffle means and the light transmitting stage and a receiving device well protected, so that the stage and the light source transmission and receiving apparatus from external impact, and to prevent dust pollution. 同时当测试装置被整个拿出时,载台上残留的试剂或样品不会被暴露在外界环境中,防止对环境的污染。 Meanwhile, when the entire test apparatus is out, on a stage residual reagent or sample it is not exposed to the external environment, to prevent pollution of the environment.

[0124] 光源发射和接收装置103包括推动光源发射和接收装置上下运动的电动马达130(优选步进电机),光源发射装置131。 [0124] The light source 103 comprises a transmitting and receiving means to promote light transmitting and receiving means up and down movement of the electric motor 130 (preferably a stepper motor), a light source 131 emitting device. 光源发射和接收装置103还包括控制光源装置运动位置的光耦开关132,所述光藕开关132与所述电动马达130电连接,用于控制所述电动马达130运行和制动。 Light transmitting and receiving means 103 further comprises a control switch optocoupler moving position of the light source device 132, the optical coupler 130 is electrically connected to switch 132 of the electric motor, for controlling the electric motor 130 and the brake operation. 所述光藕开关132具有发光孔133,光源发射和接收装置具有遮挡板134。 Coupling the optical switch 132 has a light emitting aperture 133, light transmitting and receiving means 134 having a shielding plate. 所述遮挡板134相对于发光孔133具有遮挡发光孔133和离开发光孔133两个位置。 The shutter plate 134 with respect to the position of the light emitting aperture 133 two holes 133 having a light emitting hole 133 and leave emitting blocked. 当光源发射和接收装置向下运行过程中,当遮挡板134位于光藕开关132的发光孔133上方,此时光路畅通,电源一直保持供电状态,光源装置在电动马达130转动下继续向下运动。 When the light transmitting and receiving means during downward travel, when the shutter plate 134 is located above the light emitting aperture 132 of the coupling switch 133, this time smooth road, the state of power is maintained, the light source device continues downwardly by the rotation of the electric motor 130 . 当遮挡板134阻挡了光藕开关132的发光孔133时,光路被切断,从而关闭电动马达130的电源,光源装置不再下行,同时开启样品检测光源131对样本进行检测和分析。 When the shielding plate 134 blocks the light emitting hole 132 coupling switch 133, the optical path is cut off so that the power of the electric motor 130, the light source device is no longer downward, while the light source 131 is turned on sample detection and analysis of the sample for testing.

[0125] 每个测试装置100还可以包括独立的微处理器,可以执行包括但不限于例如控制光源发射装置、监控托盘的运动位置、测试环境温度和加热片加热等程序,并通过数据传输接口向外界传输数据。 [0125] Each test apparatus 100 may further include a separate microprocessor may be performed include but not limited to, for example, a light source emitting a control means to monitor the movement of the tray position, the test environment temperature and heating plate heating procedures, and data transmission through the interface transmission of data to the outside world.

[0126] 测试装置100还可包括电源接口和数据传输接口,实现给测试装置供电并传输测试结果。 [0126] The test apparatus 100 may further include a power connector and data transfer interface, and power transmission means to the test results. 测试装置100也可用集成的电连接器140。 Testing apparatus 100 may also be integrated in the electrical connector 140. 所述的电连接器是将电源接口和数据传输接口集成在一起的装置,这就使测试装置有更多的空间存放其他配件,也减少了生产的工序,提高生产效率。 Said electrical connector means is a power connector and data transmission interface integrated, which makes the testing apparatus to have more space to store the other parts, but also reduces the production steps, improve production efficiency. 测试装置通过电连接器与主控装置连接,接受主控装置对测试装置供电,或将数据传输给主控装置的数据输出装置。 Test device is connected by an electrical connector to the master device, the master device receiving the test data output device power supply apparatus, or transmit data to the master device. 测试装置的电连接器也可连接到其他的数据输出装置上。 The electrical connector testing device may also be connected to other data output device.

[0127] 每个测试装置上所采用的检测光源可以相同或不同。 [0127] On each test device used for detecting light sources may be the same or different. 当多个测试装置所采用的检测光源相同时,可以提高检测的速度和效率。 When testing a plurality of light detecting means employed in the same, we can improve the speed and efficiency of detection. 如果测试装置所采用的检测光源互不相同,各个测试装置可以测定相同或者不同样品的相同或者不同的生化参数,从而实现一机多用。 If the detection light different from each other used in the test apparatus, each test measurement means may be the same or different samples of the same or different biochemical parameters in order to achieve a machine. 其他任何的主控装置与测试装置之间的组合方式都是合适的。 Any other combination between the master device and the test device are suitable.

[0128] 为了保证测试装置被很好的固定在主控装置上,可以在测试装置和主控装置上设置将测试装置固定到主控装置上的锁扣结构。 [0128] In order to ensure good test apparatus is fixed to the master device, the test apparatus may be provided fixed to the structure of the latching means on the master test device and the master device. 所述的锁扣结构可以是螺纹锁扣(例如螺栓与螺帽、螺钉与螺纹孔)的固定方式、卡扣锁扣或磁块锁扣。 Said latch locking feature may be threaded (e.g. a bolt and a nut, a screw and threaded hole) in a fixed manner, a snap latch or latch magnet block. 所述的磁块锁扣的结构,如图10至图13所不,包括至少三个磁块,第一磁块151、第二磁块152和第三磁块153。 Said latch magnet structure, as shown in FIGS. 10 to 13 not comprising at least three magnet block, a first magnet 151, a second magnet block 152 and the third magnet block 153. 第一磁块151设计在第一装置上,第二磁块152和第三磁块153设计在第二装置上。 A first magnet block 151 on the first device design, a second magnet block 152 and the third magnet 153 on the second device design. 第一磁块151和第二磁块152相对的两个面的磁性相异(分别为S极和N极),第二磁块152和第三磁铁153相对的两个面的磁性相同(同为S极或者同为N极)。 A first magnet 151 and the magnetic surfaces of the opposed two second magnetic blocks 152 are different (respectively S and N poles), a second magnet 152 and the third magnet 153 opposing two faces of the same magnetic (with or S pole with an N pole). 第一磁块151、第二磁块152和第三磁块153在垂直于其相对面的方向上的投影大致重叠。 A first magnet 151, a second magnet block 152 and the third magnet block 153 in a direction perpendicular to a projection plane thereof substantially opposite overlap. 如果要将两个装置相互锁扣住时,将带有第一磁块151的第一装置推向带有第二磁块152的第二装置靠近,第一装置和第二装置最终通过磁力吸附在一起,此时,第三磁块153远离第二磁块152。 If you want two devices with each other when the latch housing, the first means having a first magnet 151 having a second magnetic means toward the second adjacent block 152, the first and second devices ultimately formed by magnetically attracting together, this time, the third magnet 153 away from the second magnet 152. 如果要将两个装置相互分离,此时将第三磁块153推向第二磁块152靠近,利用第三磁块153和第二磁块152以及第一磁块151之间的相互排斥力,削弱了第一磁块151和第二磁块153之间的磁性吸力,从而使第一装置和第二装置相互分离。 If you separate the two devices, the third magnet case 153 toward the second magnet 152 is close to, the use of mutual magnetic repulsion between the third block 153 and a second magnet block 152 and the first magnet block 151 weaken the magnetic attraction between the magnet 151 and the second block 153 of the first magnet, such that the first and second devices from each other.

[0129] 本发明所述的生化分析仪如图10至图11所示的实施例中,第一磁块151设计在测试装置100的后挡板126上。 Example [0129] biochemical analyzer according to the present invention shown in FIG. 10 to FIG. 11, block 151 first magnetic design on the tailgate 126 test apparatus 100. 第二磁块152嵌合在主控装置10的锁扣孔22内。 The second magnet 152 is fitted in the latching hole 10 of the master device 22. 在主控装置后盖上设计有两个支撑架154,所述支撑架154分别设计在锁扣孔的两侧。 After the master device is designed with two cover supporting frame 154, the support frame 154 are designed on both sides of the latching hole. 第三磁块153通过弹簧片155与支撑架154连接。 The third magnet 153 is connected by a spring plate 155 and the support frame 154. 第一磁块151和第二磁块152相对的两个面的磁性相异(分别为S极和N极),第二磁块152和第三磁块153相对的两个面的磁性相同(同为S极或者同为N极)。 A first magnet 151 and the magnetic surfaces of the opposed two second magnetic blocks 152 are different (respectively S and N poles), two identical opposing the magnetic surface of the second magnet and the third magnet block 152 block 153 ( with the S pole or N pole of the same). 图10所示的是测试装置100被推入到主控装置10的存放腔15内的状态,此时,第一磁块151和第二磁块152因为磁铁异性相吸,这种磁吸力使得测试装置被牢牢地吸在主控装置上,而不会从主控装置中滑出。 FIG 10 is shown a test apparatus 100 in the state pushed into the storage chamber 15 of the master device 10, at this time, the first magnet 151 and second magnet block 152 as opposites attract magnets, this magnetic attraction force causes test device is firmly attracted to the master device, but not slide out from the master device. 如图11所示,当需要抽出测试装置100时,将第三磁块153向第二磁块方向推,因为第二磁块152和第三磁块153相对的两个面的极性是相同的,并且第三磁块153和第一磁块151相对的面的极性也是相同的,根据磁铁的同性相斥的原理,第三磁块153对第一磁块和第二磁块都有一个排斥作用,削弱了第一磁块151和第二磁块152之间的磁吸力。 As shown, when the need to take the test apparatus 100, the third magnet 153 push the second magnetic blocks 11 direction, because the third magnet 153 and two opposite faces of the second magnetic polarity of block 152 is the same and a third surface opposite to the polarity of magnet 153 and the first magnet 151 is the same, in accordance with the principles of sex repulsive magnet, the third magnet 153 and the first magnet has a second magnetic blocks a repulsion weakens the magnetic attraction force between the first magnet 151 and second magnet 152. 随着第三磁块153的靠近,这种排斥力会基本抵消第一磁块151和第二磁块152之间的磁吸力。 As near the third magnet 153, the magnetic attraction repulsive force will substantially cancel the magnetic force between the first and second magnetic block 151 block 152. 从而,测试装置100就可以很容易地被从主控装置的存放腔中抽出。 Accordingly, the test apparatus 100 can be easily withdrawn from the storage chamber of the master device.

[0130] 图12是磁块锁扣结构的另一种实施例,第三磁块153可以通过滑杆扣157在滑杆156上滑动。 [0130] FIG. 12 is another embodiment of the magnetic latch block structure, a third magnet 153 on the slide bar 156 can slide through the slider button 157. 图13是磁块锁扣结构的另一种实施例,第三磁块153通过弹簧扣159与弹簧158相互抵触,弹簧有被第三磁块压缩和舒展的状态。 FIG 13 is another embodiment of the magnetic latch block structure, a third magnetic blocks 159 and 153 by snap contradicted springs 158, the spring is compressed and has a third magnet block stretch state.

[0131] 主控装置和测试装置之间测试流程如图14所示。 Test flow between [0131] the master device and the test device shown in Figure 14. 工作流程为:首先打开电源,生化分析仪开机并进入开机自检程序,待开机自检结束后,进入预热程序,当生化分析仪的测试温度符合预先设定的温度范围时,检测仪处于等待测试状态,操作者选择需要进行测试的测试装置,放入测试试纸条后,分析仪启动测试,测试结束后,输出测试结果,取出测试试纸条。 Working procedures: First, turn on the power, biochemical analyzer enters the POST and boot, the boot until the self-test into the preheat program which, when biochemical analyzer test temperature meet the predetermined temperature range, the detector is after waiting for the test state, the operator needs to select the test apparatus for testing, the test strip into the analyzer start the test, after the test, output test results, the test strip removed. 若还要进行下一个样品的检测则再次放入新的测试试纸条,开始新一轮的测定。 If you have more detection in a sample is again placed in a new test strip, start a new round of measurement. 若所有样品都已测试完成,则关机。 If all samples have been tested completed, shut down.

Claims (8)

1.一种生化分析仪,其特征在于:包括一个主控装置(10)和至少一个测试装置(100),测试装置(100)根据主控装置(10)传输的指令,独立地完成检测项目并将检测结果传输给主控装置(10)输出,主控装置(10)包括至少一个存放腔(15),测试装置(100)被收纳在所述存放腔(15)内,存放腔(15)内设计有导轨(16),测试装置(100)设计有滑块结构,所述滑块结构能在存放腔(15)的导轨(16)内滑动,从而平稳地将测试装置(100)从存放腔(15)内移出或者将测试装置(100)组入到存放腔(15)内,所述的测试装置(100)与主控装置(10)之间通过磁块锁扣结构相互扣合,所述的磁块锁扣结构包括三个永磁磁块,其中第一磁块(151)和第二磁块(152)安置在主控装置(10)的外壳,第三磁块(153)固定在测试装置(100)的外壳,当测试装置被充分地收容在主控装置的存放腔(15)内时,三个磁块基本排列成一条直线,第二磁 A biochemical analyzer, characterized by: comprising a master device (10) and at least one testing device (100), the test device (100) transmitting a command, according to test items done independently master device (10) transmitting the detection result to the main control means (10) output, the master device (10) comprises at least one storage chamber (15), the test device (100) is housed in said storage chamber (15), the storing chamber (15 ) the design of a guide rail (16), the test device (100) designed with a structure of the slider, the slider can slide in a guide structure (16) storing chamber (15) so as to smooth the testing device (100) from out of the storing chamber (15) or a test apparatus (100) set into the storage chamber (15), each other testing device (100) with a master device (10) by engaging said latch magnet structure said magnet structure includes three latching permanent magnet, wherein the first magnet (151) and a second magnet (152) disposed in the housing master device (10), a third magnet (153 ) testing means mounted in the housing (100) when the testing device is sufficiently accommodated within the storing chamber (15) the master device, the three magnet pieces arranged in a substantially straight line, the second magnetic (152)位于第一磁块(151)和第三磁块(153)之间,第二磁块(152)和第三磁块(153)的相对的二极磁性相反,第一块磁块(151)与第二磁块(152)相对的二极磁性相同,第一磁块(151)可以沿三个磁块的连线移动。 Between the (153), two opposing magnetic poles of the second magnetic block (152), and a third magnet (153) opposite to (152) located between the first magnet (151) and a third magnet, a second magnet block (151) and a second magnet (152) opposite to two same magnetic pole, the first magnet (151) movable in three magnetic connection block.
2.根据权利要求1所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:存放腔(15)的两侧壁分别设计有导轨(16),或者在存放腔的底部设计有导轨(17),或者在存放腔的两侧壁和底部都设计有导轨。 The biochemical analyzer of claim 1, wherein: storing chamber side walls (15) are designed with a guide rail (16), or in the storage chamber is designed with a bottom rail (17), or in the storage side walls and bottom of the chamber are designed with rails.
3.根据权利要求2所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述滑块结构包括设计于测试装置底座(IOI)之侧边的滑块座(120),在滑块座(120 )内设有滑块(121),所述滑块(121)能在存放腔(15)的导轨(16)内滑动。 According to claim biochemical analyzer of claim 2, wherein: said slide structure comprises a test device designed to the sides of the base (IOI) The seat slider (120), within a slider seat (120) provided with a slider (121), the slide (121) can slide within the guide rail (16) storing chamber (15).
4.根据权利要求2所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述滑块结构包括设计于测试装置底座(101)之底部的滑块座(120),在滑块座(120)内设有滑块(121 ),所述滑块(121)能在存放腔(15)的导轨(17)内移动。 According to claim biochemical analyzer of claim 2, wherein: said slide structure comprises a seat bottom of the slider design of the testing device base (101) of (120), (120) is provided with a slider holder slider (121), said slider (121) movable within a guide rail (17) storing chamber (15).
5.根据权利要求1所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:包括二个或者二个以上的测试装置(100)和数量不少于测试装置个数的存放腔(15)。 The biochemical analyzer of claim 1, wherein: two or more than two including test means (100) and a number less than the number of storage cavities test device (15).
6.根据权利要求5所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的测试装置(100)之间是相互独立工作的。 6. The biochemical analyzer according to claim 5, characterized in that: between the testing device (100) according to work independently of each other.
7.根据权利要求1所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:还包括至少一个试剂存放单元(18),至少有一个存放腔(15)用于收纳试剂存放单元(18),其余的存放腔用于收纳测试装置(100)。 The biochemical analyzer of claim 1, characterized in that: further comprising at least one reagent storage unit (18), at least one storage chamber (15) for receiving the reagent storing unit (18), the rest of the storage chamber testing means for receiving (100).
8.根据权利要求7所述的生化分析仪,其特征在于:所述的试剂存放单元内有试剂存放架(19)。 According to claim biochemical analyzer of claim 7, wherein: a reagent magazine (19) according to the reagent storing unit.
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