CN102392356A - Manufacturing technique of wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric - Google Patents

Manufacturing technique of wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102392356A
CN102392356A CN2011101886622A CN201110188662A CN102392356A CN 102392356 A CN102392356 A CN 102392356A CN 2011101886622 A CN2011101886622 A CN 2011101886622A CN 201110188662 A CN201110188662 A CN 201110188662A CN 102392356 A CN102392356 A CN 102392356A
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retardant
flame
agent
fiber
cotton fiber
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CN102392356B (en
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卢国建
李碧英
李利君
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Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Ministry of Public Security
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Sichuan Fire Research Institute of Ministry of Public Security
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Abstract

The invention provides a manufacturing technique of a wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric. The technique comprises the following steps of: 1) preparing a cotton fiber flame-retardant coating adhesive; 2) coating the coating adhesive obtained in the step 1) on the cotton fiber and carrying out heat setting to the cotton fiber so as to obtain a flame-retardant cotton fiber; 3) preparing a glass fiber flame-retardant coating adhesive; 4) directly coating the coating adhesive obtained in the step 3) on the glass fiber and carrying heat setting on the coating adhesive so as to obtain a flame-retardant glass fiber; and 5) blending one of the flame-retardant cotton fiber obtained in the step 2) and a carbon fiber or the flame-retardant glass fiber obtained in the step 4) and one of a flame-retardant polyester fiber or a flame-retardant nylon fiber so as to obtain the product of the invention. The manufacturing technique of the wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric, provided by the invention, has the advantages of simple process, low cost, good product permeability, softness as well as good wash resistance and flame retardation. The manufacturing technique of the wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric, provided by the invention, is mainly used for manufacturing products like smoke screens, fire-proof insulated curtains, bedspreads, flame-retardant furniture and the like.

Description

The production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production technology of BLENDED FABRIC, particularly relate to the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of a kind of wash resistant.
Background technology
Chinese patent CN101709547A discloses a kind of polyester cotton combustion finishing technique, at first in dacron polyester, adds fire retardant, can obtain the dacron polyester of anti-flammability after the blend; Can obtain the fire resistance fibre of terylene through spinning technique, carry out blending, obtain the blend fabric with cotton fiber; Use cellulase alkali number treatment process that cotton fiber is carried out decrement treatment then; Make the cotton fiber decrement, fiber attenuates, and it is soft that fabric becomes; Use bromide fire retardant that BLENDED FABRIC is carried out flame-proof treatment at last, main employing is rolled and is cured flame-proof finishing process.Roll the padding liquid of curing in the flame-proof finishing process and mainly contain fire retardant F/RP-44 40~55%, palyacrylate binder 20~25%, crosslinking agent 4%, silicone softening agent 3%, water repellent 3% etc.The subject matter that this method exists is: the fabric washing durability is relatively poor, meets behind the fire and can fusion to shrink or because of carbonization loses intensity, can not in fire and high-temperature flue gas, be kept perfectly, and can't stop penetrating of fire and high-temperature flue gas.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned shortcoming, provide that a kind of production technology is simple, cost is low, the product good permeability, softness, the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant that washing durability and fire resistance are good.
The production craft step of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, its set of dispense composition and division in a proportion example is by weight: high polymer binder 50~80, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30~75; Water 50~100, crosslinking agent 1~10, non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 0.2~3.0; Thickener 0.5~2.0, antifoaming agent 0.5~2.0, ammoniacal liquor is an amount of; After mixing the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, wherein, polymer binder is at least a in water polyacrylic acid, the aqueous polyurethane; The expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent is the mixture of basic fire retardant and fire retarding synergist; Its cooperation ratio is basic fire retardant by weight: fire retarding synergist=25~65 ︰ 0.5~10; Wherein, Basic fire retardant is the degree of polymerization greater than the mixture of 1000 coated ammonium polyphosphate, pentaerythrite, melamine; The cooperation ratio is to coat to gather pure ︰ melamine of phosphorus acid ammonium ︰ seasons penta 4=15~40 ︰, 5~20 ︰ 0.5~15 by weight, and fire retarding synergist is one or more in organophosphorus ester, whiteness microcapsule red phosphorus, vermiculite, the nano imvite that organises, Firebrake ZB, the organic silicon fibre retardant; Crosslinking agent is a kind of in closure aqueous polyurethane, the closure water-based isocyanate crosslinking agent; Antifoaming agent is a waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent or aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent, and thickener is a kind of among acrylic thickener PTF, BJ-100, PT668, the HIT.Its compound method is in the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, to add entry and non-ionic surface active agent; Carry out adding high polymer binder, crosslinking agent, antifoaming agent again after emulsification disperses; PH=7~9 with the ammoniacal liquor regulator solution; Under agitation slowly add thickener then, continue to get the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue after emulsification disperses.
2) with cotton fiber through after filling the dipping tank that step 1) gained cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue is coated with, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min at 140~170 ℃ again, the retardant cotton fiber.
3) configuration glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive, its component is by weight: water polyacrylic acid emulsion 10~30, water 50~100; Expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30~75, silane coupler (KH 570) 1~10, polyvinyl alcohol 1~5; 1~8 part of non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10), 0.2~1.0 part of bleeding agent, 0.2~1.0 part of antifoaming agent; Wherein, the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent is with the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent in the step 1); Bleeding agent is a kind of among JFC, JFC-2, the JFC-S; Antifoaming agent is a kind of in waterborne organic silicon or the aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent.Its compound method is; In the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, add entry and non-ionic surface active agent; Carry out adding aqueous acrylic emulsion, silane coupler, polyvinyl alcohol, bleeding agent and antifoaming agent again after emulsification disperses, continue to get the glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive after emulsification disperses.
4) with glass fibre through after filling the dipping tank of step 3 gained glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min at 140~170 ℃ again, combustion-proof glass fiber.
5) with step 2) a kind of carrying out in a kind of and flame retardant polyester fiber or the fire-retardant nylon fiber in obtained flame-retardant cotton fiber and carbon fiber or the step 4) obtained flame-retardant glass fibre by the prior art blending, obtain the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
The advantage of the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention is that technology is simple, cost is low, environmental protection.Flame-retardant coatings glue is coated on the retardant cotton fiber surface to strengthen its fire-retardant and washing durability.And apply flame-retardant coatings glue to improve the surface characteristic of glass fibre at fiberglass surfacing, avoided the stimulation of glass fibre to skin and respiratory tract.In addition, flame-retardant coatings glue also has certain expansion character.The flame-retarding blended fabric breathability of gained wash resistant is good, soft, and good washing durability is arranged, and not only fire resistance is excellent, and can fusion not shrink after meeting fire, also can not lose integrality because of carbonization.Be mainly used in the manufacturing of products such as smoke-proof pendant wall, fire-proof and thermal-insulation curtain, bedcover, fire-retardant furniture.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1: production craft step is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue: its set of dispense than nearly weight portion meter is:
Water polyacrylic acid 50, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30, water 50, watersoluble closed based polyurethane 1, non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 0.2, thickener (PTF) 0.5, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent 1.2.Wherein, the proportioning parts by weights meter of composite flame-retardant agent is: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=15 ︰, 5 ︰ 5): fire retarding synergist (organophosphorus ester, nano imvite)=25:5.Compound method is in the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, to add entry; OP-10; Emulsification disperses the back to add water polyacrylic acid, watersoluble closed based polyurethane, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent; With PH=7~9 of ammoniacal liquor regulator solution, under agitation slowly add PTF then, continue to get the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue after emulsification disperses.
2) with cotton fiber through after filling the dipping tank that step 1) gained cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue is coated with, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min at 140~170 ℃ again, the retardant cotton fiber.
3) with above-mentioned 2) obtained flame-retardant cotton fiber and carbon fiber, flame retardant polyester fiber carry out blending, obtains the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
Through test, this experiment wash resistant flame-retardant textile oxygen index (OI) is 28.5%, char length 180 mm, after flame time 15s, the time 10s that glows, smoke density grade (SDR)=8.
Embodiment 2: production craft step is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, its set of dispense composition and division in a proportion example is by weight: aqueous polyurethane 80, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 56; Water 100, watersoluble closed based polyurethane 10, non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 3.0; Thickener BJ-100 2.0, waterborne organic silicon 2.0.Wherein, the proportioning parts by weights meter of composite flame-retardant agent is: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=35 ︰, 20 ︰ 0.5): fire retarding synergist (Firebrake ZB)=55.5:0.5.Compound method is in the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, to add entry; OP-10; Emulsification disperses the back to add aqueous polyurethane, watersoluble closed property isocyanates, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent; With PH=7~9 of ammoniacal liquor regulator solution, under agitation slowly add thickener BJ-100 then, continue to get the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue after emulsification disperses.
2) with embodiment 1 step 2).
3) configuration glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive: its set of dispense composition and division in a proportion example is by weight: water polyacrylic acid emulsion 10; Water 50, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30, silane coupler (KH 570) 1; Polyvinyl alcohol 1; (OP-10) 1, penetrating agent JFC 0.2, waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent 0.2.Wherein, the proportioning of composite flame-retardant agent is by weight: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=15 ︰, 5 ︰ 5): fire retarding synergist (Firebrake ZB, nano imvite organises)=25:5.Compound method is; The compound method of glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive is; In the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, add entry and OP-10; Carry out adding aqueous acrylic emulsion, silane coupler, polyvinyl alcohol, bleeding agent and antifoaming agent again after emulsification disperses, continue to get the glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive after emulsification disperses.
4) with glass fibre through after filling the dipping tank that step 3) gained glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive is coated with, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min at 140~170 ℃ again, combustion-proof glass fiber.
5) with above-mentioned 2) the wash resistant retardant cotton fiber and above-mentioned 4 of gained) obtained flame-retardant glass fibre and fire-retardant nylon fiber blend, obtain the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
Through test, this experiment wash resistant flame-retardant textile oxygen index (OI) is 32.1%, char length 120 mm, after flame time 2s, the time 3s that glows, smoke density grade (SDR)=11.
Embodiment 3: production craft step is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, its set of dispense composition and division in a proportion example is aqueous polyurethane 30 by weight, water polyacrylic acid 40; Expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 75; Water 80, watersoluble closed property isocyanates 5, non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 1.5; Thickener P668 1.2, waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent 0.5.Wherein, the proportioning parts by weights meter of composite flame-retardant agent is: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=40 ︰, 10 ︰ 15): fire retarding synergist (vermiculite, whiteness microcapsule red phosphorus fire retardant)=65:10.Compound method is in the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, to add entry; OP-10; Emulsification disperses the back to add aqueous polyurethane, water polyacrylic acid, watersoluble closed property isocyanates, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent; With PH=7~9 of ammoniacal liquor regulator solution, under agitation slowly add thickener PT668 then, continue to get the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue after emulsification disperses.
2) with embodiment 1 step 2).
3) configuration glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive: its set of dispense than by weight is: water polyacrylic acid emulsion 20; Water 75, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 56, silane coupler (KH 570) 5; Polyvinyl alcohol 3; Non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 5, (JFC-2) 0.6, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent 0.5.Wherein, the proportioning of composite flame-retardant agent is by weight: basic fire retardant (gather Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=35 ︰, 20 ︰ 0.5): fire retarding synergist organophosphorus ester, organosilicon)=55:0.5.Its compound method is with embodiment 2 step 3)
4) with embodiment 2 step 4).
5) with above-mentioned 2) obtained flame-retardant cotton fiber and step 4) obtained flame-retardant glass fibre and flame retardant polyester fiber blending, obtain the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
Through test, this experiment wash resistant flame-retardant textile oxygen index (OI) is 33.6%, char length 100 mm, after flame time 1s, the time 2s that glows, smoke density grade (SDR)=15.
Embodiment 4: the flame-retarding blended fabric production technology of the water-fast washing of the present invention is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue; Its component is by weight: aqueous polyurethane 30, water polyacrylic acid 40, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 70 water 80; Watersoluble closed property isocyanates 8; Non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 1.5, thickener HIT 1.2, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent 1.0.Wherein, the proportioning parts by weights meter of composite flame-retardant agent is: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=40 ︰, 10 ︰, 12) ︰ fire retarding synergist (vermiculite, organic silicon fibre retardant)=62:8.Compound method is in the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, to add entry; OP-10; Emulsification disperses the back to add aqueous polyurethane, water polyacrylic acid, watersoluble closed property isocyanates, aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent; With PH=7~9 of ammoniacal liquor regulator solution, under agitation slowly add thickener HIT then, continue to get the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue after emulsification disperses.
2) with embodiment 1 step 2).
3) configuration glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive: its fine horse branch match ratio example is by weight: water polyacrylic acid emulsion 30; Water 100, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 75, silane coupler (KH 570) 10; Polyvinyl alcohol 5; Non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 8, JFC-S 1.0, waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent 1.0.Wherein, the proportioning parts by weights meter of composite flame-retardant agent is: basic fire retardant (gathers Lin Suan An ︰ pentaerythrite: melamine=40 ︰, 10 ︰ 15): fire retarding synergist (vermiculite)=65:10.Compound method is with embodiment 2) step 3)
4) with embodiment 2 step 4).
5) with step 2) obtained flame-retardant cotton fiber and step 4) obtained flame-retardant glass fibre and fire-retardant nylon fiber blend, obtain the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
Through test, this experiment wash resistant flame-retardant textile oxygen index (OI) is 33.7%, char length 90 mm, after flame time 0s, the time 2s that glows, smoke density grade (SDR)=13.

Claims (3)

1. the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant is characterized in that step is following:
1) configuration cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, its set of dispense composition and division in a proportion example is by weight: high polymer binder 50~80, expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30~75; Water 50~100, crosslinking agent 1~10, non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10) 0.2~3.0; Thickener 0.5~2.0, antifoaming agent 0.5~2.0, ammoniacal liquor is an amount of; After mixing the cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, wherein polymer binder is at least a in water polyacrylic acid, the aqueous polyurethane; The expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent is the mixture of basic fire retardant and fire retarding synergist; Its cooperation ratio is basic fire retardant by weight: fire retarding synergist=25~65 ︰ 0.5~10 wherein; Basic fire retardant is the degree of polymerization greater than the mixture of 1000 coated ammonium polyphosphate, pentaerythrite, melamine; The cooperation ratio is to coat to gather pure ︰ melamine of phosphorus acid ammonium ︰ seasons penta 4=15~40 ︰, 5~20 ︰ 0.5~15 by weight, and fire retarding synergist is one or more in organophosphorus ester, whiteness microcapsule red phosphorus, vermiculite, the nano imvite that organises, Firebrake ZB, the organic silicon fibre retardant; Crosslinking agent is a kind of in closure aqueous polyurethane, the closure water-based isocyanate crosslinking agent; Antifoaming agent is waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent or aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent; Thickener is a kind of among acrylic thickener PTF, BJ-100, PT668, the HIT;
2) with cotton fiber through after filling the dipping tank of step 1) gained cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min again under 140~170 ℃ of temperature, the retardant cotton fiber;
3) configuration glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive, its component is by weight: water polyacrylic acid emulsion 10~30, water 50~100; Expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent 30~75, silane coupler (KH 570) 1~10, polyvinyl alcohol 1~5; 1~8 part of non-ionic surface active agent (OP-10), 0.2~1.0 part of bleeding agent, 0.2~1.0 part of antifoaming agent; Wherein, the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent is with the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent in the step 1); Bleeding agent is a kind of among JFC, JFC-2, the JFC-S; Antifoaming agent is waterborne organic silicon antifoaming agent or aqueous mineral oil antifoaming agent;
4) with glass fibre through after filling the dipping tank of step 3 gained glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive, 100 ℃ of preliminary drying 2min on heat setting machine bake 2.5min at 140~170 ℃ again, combustion-proof glass fiber;
5) with step 2) a kind of in obtained flame-retardant cotton fiber and carbon fiber or the step 4) obtained flame-retardant glass fibre, and a kind of blending in flame retardant polyester fiber or the fire-retardant nylon fiber, obtain the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant of the present invention.
2. the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant according to claim 1; The compound method that it is characterized in that cotton fiber flame-retardant coatings glue in the step 1) is; In the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, add entry and non-ionic surface active agent, carry out adding high polymer binder, crosslinking agent, antifoaming agent again after emulsification disperses, with PH=7~9 of ammoniacal liquor regulator solution; Under agitation slowly add thickener then, continue to get the cotton fiber coating adhesive after emulsification disperses.
3. the production technology of the flame-retarding blended fabric of wash resistant according to claim 1; The compound method that it is characterized in that glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive in the step 3) is; In the expansion type halogen-free composite flame-retardant agent, add entry and non-ionic surface active agent; Carry out adding aqueous acrylic emulsion, silane coupler, polyvinyl alcohol, bleeding agent and antifoaming agent again after emulsification disperses, continue to get the glass fiber flame retardant coating adhesive after emulsification disperses.
CN2011101886622A 2011-07-07 2011-07-07 Manufacturing technique of wash-resistant and flame-retardant blended fabric Active CN102392356B (en)

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