CN102301882B - Agricultural cultivation method of paddy-straw-goose ecology - Google Patents

Agricultural cultivation method of paddy-straw-goose ecology Download PDF

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CN102301882B
CN102301882B CN2011101936585A CN201110193658A CN102301882B CN 102301882 B CN102301882 B CN 102301882B CN 2011101936585 A CN2011101936585 A CN 2011101936585A CN 201110193658 A CN201110193658 A CN 201110193658A CN 102301882 B CN102301882 B CN 102301882B
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goose
rice
grass
ecological agriculture
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CN102301882A (en
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陈永水
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Zhuji Senyuan Ecological Agriculture Co., Ltd.
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陈永水
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Abstract

The invention discloses an agricultural cultivation method of a paddy-straw-goose ecology. The method comprises the following steps of: (1) scattering goose dejection on first crop grasslands and harrowing from April 20th of each year; and irrigating water for a long time to immerse the grasslands; (2) directly sowing early rice from May 1st to May 10th; (3) harvesting the early rice after 90 days; (4) after harvesting straws of paddy fields and paving the goose dejection; (5) directly sowing rye grass from September 1st to September 10th ; (6) raising 10-20 young gooses on each acre in each month while sowing the rye grass; (7) cutting off the first crops after directly sowing the rye grass for roughly about 40 days; applying 10-30 kilograms of urea in the 3rd to the 5th day after cutting off the first crops; and carrying the goose dejection of the raised gooses into the grasslands to be scattered; and then repeating the operation of the step (1). The method provided by the invention utilizes the farmland and the paddy-straw-goose ecology to carry out a circulated crop rotation in one year, so that the utilization efficiency of lands is improved while the comprehensive management of an ecological environment is reached; the method effectively solves the problem that benefits of grain producers is lower, comprehensively utilizes the straws and the goose dejection, and supplies green products to the society.

Description

A kind of rice-grass-goose ecological agriculture cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rice-grass-goose ecological agriculture cultural method.
Background technology
China is a large agricultural country, has 800,000,000 to be peasants in 1,300,000,000 populations, " agricultural is steady, and is steady all over the world ".For this reason, central authorities have started various Huinong's policies, such as removal of agricultural tax, provide subsidy etc. to the grain producer, currently will really solve " rural economy, rural development and rural demography ", and main is how to improve how Income of vast dispersion peasant household.
Summary of the invention
In order to address the above problem, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of rice-grass-goose ecological agriculture cultural method, method of the present invention was utilized the farmland in 1 year, rice-grass-goose ecological circulation crop rotation reaches the comprehensive regulation of ecotope when improving land utilization efficiency; 5-7 month kind early rice, utilizes rice, the annual cultivation of grass white goose at its interplant high quality forage, reaches the very heavy grain of per mu yield, and it is on the low side effectively to solve grain producer's benefit, and straw, the comprehensive utilization of goose excrement are for society provides pollution-free food.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts following technical scheme
A kind of rice-grass-goose ecological agriculture cultural method comprises the steps:
1) rises annual April 20, spread behind the goose muck-rake ground and the long-time water logging dip meadow of pouring water to the first crop meadow;
2) to live early rice in 1~10 May, broadcast afterwards with butachlor sealing, keep field ditch that full water is arranged, other is with reference to conventional early rice implantation methods;
3) gather in early rice after 90~100 days, the straw of harvesting is collected and is supported goose standby winter and be used as bedding and padding.
4) after the rice field harvests grass, spread the goose excrement, and by 1.5~1.8m width corrugate, for next year live early rice prepare;
5) on September 1~10 live perennial ryegrass; After planting keep the ditch that water is arranged, treat that wheat straw tells two leaves wholeheartedly the time, execute 5~10 jin in urea for every mu and promote the root system field planting;
When 6) perennial ryegrass is sowed, raise per month 10~30 of goose seedlings by every mu;
7) perennial ryegrass roughly is live rear 40 days, the 1st batch must be sliced off, otherwise reduces output unfavorable tillering, and the 3rd~5 day mu is executed 10~30 jin in urea after cutting; And the goose excrement that will raise goose is carried on a shoulder pole into the meadow and is let go; It is sufficient that fertilizer is wanted, enter winter after, also can cut once grass every January, after temperature is replied to next year, can cut once again in per about 20~25 days; Then continue to repeat aforesaid operations, continue kind of an early rice.
In the described step 5) during live perennial ryegrass, when meeting day drought, flood overflows the field once prior to seeding; When the chance weeds is more, shifts to an earlier date 10 days with weed killer herbicide and seal grass 1 time.
Raise preferably cultivation scale of goose seedling in the described step 6) and be 200~500.
In the perennial ryegrass sowing, also proceed as follows step in the described step 6):
A) build the special use room of growing seedlings, by 15 designs of growing seedlings of every square of construction area;
B) build a middle goose starter home and use for winter-spring season, by every M 2Support the requirement of 4 geese and build, join 2 times sports ground;
C) by every M 2Support the requirement of 3 geese and take a large goose room, join the sports ground with equal proportion, to improve comprehensive cleaning and sterilizing in all transfer efficients and place.
Described middle goose starter home and large goose room build in from the riverbank close to the position of high-land maybe can conveniently take the position of water.
The room of growing seedlings in the described step a) will be incubated winter, prepare the tobacco pipe and smoke evacuation iron pipe of 1 three core coal stove and smoke evacuation usefulness; Prepare 1 water kettle by per 10 goslings simultaneously; Trough with the pvc pipe of diameter 75 to cuing open.
Winter-spring season refers to the mid or late March of annual mid-December~next year in the described step b).
Described raising goose seedling to the March 20 of next year be last batch of, go kind of a late rice after having supported this batch seedling.
Can not plant late rice after described last batch of has been raised, from April, Sudan grass is broadcast, all the other meadow repeating steps 1 again in the meadow of employing 1/3) operation, then continue kind of an early rice.
Fertilizer adopts the ight soil that cultivation produces in the described step 7), and human house refuse and sewage apply the farmland by the rear natural pond slag as fertilizer sources that produces of biogas generating pit fermentation.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the serious situation of soil organic matter of cultivated land shortage is carried out with the foster farming of farming, is urged agricultural measures to reform and repair with farming in rice-grass of the present invention-goose ecology crop rotation cultural method optimum zone, native water, foster native, the vigorous model of effective utilization of biological growth of water contained of formation.In agricultural production, apply new and effective ecology and utilize pattern, cultivation, human house refuse and sewage ferment by biogas generating pit the ight soil that produces of cultivation, and biogas is as reusing of energy source, and natural pond liquid pouring crops, natural pond slag as fertilizer sources apply the farmland; Early rice is not executed urea, saves 20 kg/acres in fertilizer, and rice high yield is over the years than peasant household's volume increase on every side 15-20%, by 500 kilograms of per mu yields.Thereby the realization resources effective utilization has also been optimized ecotope.Perennial ryegrass is saved feed grain in a large number by feeding goose, plants goose by grazing 30 kilograms of feeds of every annual saving of kind goose.Graze and support goose, every meat goose can be saved 6 kilograms in feed, and average every meat goose makes a profit 15 yuan.Economic benefit obviously promotes, and goose to pasture be main, grass utilizes natural pond liquid fertilizer water irrigated grasslands from no pesticide grown, does not execute urea, accomplishes that grass is green non-pollution, the goose deliciousness is nuisanceless, the base goose has obtained the publicly harmless animal product that the national Ministry of Agriculture is assert.
Embodiment
A kind of rice-grass of present embodiment-goose ecological agriculture cultural method comprises the steps:
1) rises annual April 20, spread behind the goose muck-rake ground and the long-time water logging dip meadow of pouring water to the first crop meadow; The first crop meadow refers to the rye meadow during September last year to then April 20.
2) to live early rice in 1~10 May, broadcast afterwards with butachlor sealing, keep field ditch to have full water to get final product, other is with reference to conventional early rice implantation methods; Results early rice before and after August 5,500 kilograms of per mu yields.
3) gather in early rice after 90~100 days, the straw of harvesting is collected and is supported goose standby winter and be used as bedding and padding.
4) after the rice field harvests grass, spread the goose excrement, do not worry plump fertile many problems, and by 1.5~1.8m width corrugate, for next year live early rice prepare.Do not execute during this time urea fertilizer, carry out the agricultural pollution minimizing and process, after the early rice results, disposablely the excrement slag is applied the land for growing field crops turn over rake, the more casual natural pond liquid water of irrigating.
5) after field moisture drains live perennial ryegrass in 1~10 September, if meet a day drought, flood overflows the field once prior to seeding; If weeds is more, can shifts to an earlier date 10 days with weed killer herbicide and seal grass 1 time; After planting keep the ditch to have water to get final product, guarantee the wheat straw field planting of germinateing fast; Treat that wheat straw tells two leaves wholeheartedly the time, mu is executed 5~10 jin in urea and is promoted the root system field planting.
When 6) perennial ryegrass is sowed, raise per month 10~30 of goose seedlings (deciding on individual economy and staff) by every mu, the scale that preferably cultivates is at 200~500.
Carry out all the year round the peasant household of this pattern, build the special use room of growing seedlings, grow seedlings 15 by every square of construction area and design (can educate before and after 20 days); For example cultivate 300 peasant household, build 40 squares the room of growing seedlings, just can greatly save the labour, reduce the labour intensity of growing seedlings, improve survival rate of seedling.Educating 2 batches is improvement cost between recoverable whole seedling culturing vehicle.The room of growing seedlings will be incubated winter, prepare the tobacco pipe and smoke evacuation iron pipe of 1 three core coal stove and smoke evacuation usefulness, simultaneously by 10 the gosling (0.5~1m in every hurdle 2) 1 water kettle of preparation.The trough suggestion gets final product cuing open with the pvc pipe of diameter 75.Winter-spring season also should be built a middle goose starter home, prevents the low temperature period (mid or late March of annual mid-December~next year) and long rain period; Can be by every M 2Support the requirement of 4 geese and build, join 2 times sports ground.(it is better to herd the place).For improving comprehensive cleaning and sterilizing in all transfer efficients and place, by every M 2Support the requirement of 3 geese and take a large goose room, join the sports ground with equal proportion.
7) perennial ryegrass roughly is live rear 40 days (at the beginning of 10 months), the 1st batch must be sliced off, otherwise reduces output unfavorable tillering, and the 3rd~5 day mu is executed 10~30 jin in urea after cutting; And the goose excrement that will raise goose is carried on a shoulder pole into the meadow and is let go; To winter, also can cut once every January grass, to year after after temperature replys, can cut once again in per about 20~25 days, it is sufficient that key is that fertilizer is wanted; (ight soil, human house refuse and sewage that cultivation is produced ferment by biogas generating pit, and biogas is as reusing of energy source, and natural pond liquid pouring crops, natural pond slag as fertilizer sources apply the farmland).Utilize until mow the first tenday period of a month May next year complete, during mow 1.5 ten thousand kilograms in per mu yield herbage 7-10 times.
If not supporting throughout the year goose, then raise the goose seedling and to about the March 20 of next year, be last batch of, supported and just extracted energy out behind this batch seedling and go farming; If do not plant late rice, suggestion was reserved 1/3 meadow and is broadcast Sudan grass (can support per month 10 for every mu) again from April.All the other meadow repeating steps 1) then operation continues kind of an early rice.

Claims (9)

1. rice-grass-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that comprising the steps:
1) annual April 20, the operation and pouring water of raking the soil level behind the goose excrement is spread on the first crop meadow, make the meadow obtain water soaking;
2) on May 1~10 live early rice, broadcast afterwards with butachlor sealing, keep full water in the field ditch, other is with reference to conventional early rice implantation methods;
3) gather in early rice after 90 days, the straw of harvesting is collected and is supported goose standby winter and be used as bedding and padding;
4) after the rice field harvests grass, spread the goose excrement, and by 1.5~1.8m width corrugate;
5) on September 1~10 live perennial ryegrass; After planting keep the ditch that water is arranged, treat that wheat straw tells two leaves wholeheartedly the time, execute 5~10 jin in urea for every mu and promote the root system field planting;
When 6) perennial ryegrass is sowed, raise per month 10~20 of goose seedlings by every mu and support goose;
7) perennial ryegrass is live rear 40 days, the 1st batch must be sliced off, otherwise reduces output unfavorable tillering, and the 3rd~5 day mu is executed 10~30 jin in urea after cutting; And the goose excrement that will raise goose is carried on a shoulder pole into the meadow and is let go; It is sufficient that fertilizer is wanted, enter winter like this after, also can cut once grass every January, after temperature is replied to next year, can cut once again in per 20~25 days; Then continue repeating step 1) operation, then continue kind of an early rice.
2. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 1-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that: in the described step 5) during live perennial ryegrass, when meeting day drought, flood overflows the field once prior to seeding; When meeting weeds, shift to an earlier date 10 days with weed killer herbicide and seal grass 1 time.
3. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 1-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that: in the perennial ryegrass sowing, also proceed as follows step in the described step 6):
A) build the special use room of growing seedlings, by 15 designs of growing seedlings of every square metre of construction area;
B) build a middle goose starter home and use for winter-spring season, build by every square metre of requirement of supporting 4 geese, join 2 times sports ground;
C) take a large goose room by every square metre of requirement of supporting 3 geese, join the sports ground with equal proportion, to improve comprehensive cleaning and sterilizing in all transfer efficients and place.
4. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 3-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that: the position close to the riverbank is built in described middle goose starter home and large goose room in.
5. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 3-goose ecological agriculture cultural method, it is characterized in that: the room of growing seedlings in the described step a) will be incubated winter, prepare the tobacco pipe and smoke evacuation iron pipe of 1 three core coal stove and smoke evacuation usefulness; Prepare simultaneously the ratio outfit water kettle of 1 water kettle in per 10 goslings; Trough makes cuing open with the pvc pipe of diameter 75.
6. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 3-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that: winter-spring season refers to the mid or late March of annual mid-December~next year in the described step b).
7. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 1-goose ecological agriculture cultural method is characterized in that: described raising goose seedling is last batch of to the March 20 of next year, goes kind of a late rice after having supported this batch seedling.
8. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 7-goose ecological agriculture cultural method, it is characterized in that: can not plant late rice after described last batch of has been raised, from April, Sudan grass is broadcast on the meadow of employing 1/3 again, operation in 1 year is repeated on all the other meadows, continues kind of an early rice.
9. a kind of rice-grass as claimed in claim 1-goose ecological agriculture cultural method, it is characterized in that: fertilizer adopts the ight soil that cultivation produces in the described step 7), and human house refuse and sewage apply the farmland by the rear natural pond slag as fertilizer sources that produces of biogas generating pit fermentation.
CN2011101936585A 2011-07-12 2011-07-12 Agricultural cultivation method of paddy-straw-goose ecology Active CN102301882B (en)

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CN102669052B (en) * 2012-06-06 2013-10-23 崔本君 Method for artificially raising non-migratory swan goose within free range
CN103125438A (en) * 2012-08-23 2013-06-05 兴安县嘉鑫养殖农民专业合作社 Breeder goose ecotype breeding method
CN102939941B (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-01-01 中国农业科学院麻类研究所 Goose breeding method
CN103271000B (en) * 2013-05-22 2015-12-23 四川农业大学 A kind of tea place formula supports the method for goose
CN103518523B (en) * 2013-10-24 2015-09-09 杭州市农业科学研究院 Orchard, hillside kind grass sheep raising circulation pattern implantation methods
CN106211955A (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-12-14 李鸿怡 A kind of agricultural production system circulating reproducible utilization land resource
CN105494238B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-03-02 全椒县王震家禽养殖专业合作社 A kind of method of paddy field aquaculture meat goose
CN105409880B (en) * 2015-11-30 2018-03-02 全椒县王震家禽养殖专业合作社 A kind of method that high yield supports goose in paddy field
CN105494245A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-04-20 四川喜亚动物药业有限公司 Method for raising geese on farmland after autumn harvest
CN106069450A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-09 扬州大学 A kind of rice/duck grass/goose continuous cropping production method
CN106688749A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-24 庞倩媚 Rice-grass-duck ecological agriculture breeding method
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Effective date of registration: 20130410

Address after: Duan Zhen Huang Fu Cun 312090 Zhejiang city of Shaoxing province Shaoxing County Sun

Patentee after: Shaoxing Tianhong Goose Industry Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: Chen Yongshui

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Owner name: SHAOXING TIANHONG GOOSE INDUSTRY CO., LTD.

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Patentee before: Shaoxing Tianhong Goose Industry Co., Ltd.