CN105230397B - A kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously - Google Patents

A kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously Download PDF

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CN105230397B
CN105230397B CN201510738293.8A CN201510738293A CN105230397B CN 105230397 B CN105230397 B CN 105230397B CN 201510738293 A CN201510738293 A CN 201510738293A CN 105230397 B CN105230397 B CN 105230397B
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thin
hen
greenhouse
cultivation
small hen
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CN105230397A (en
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刘雪兰
张燕
阎佩佩
魏祥法
井庆川
石天虹
刘瑞亭
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Poultry Research Institute Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Poultry Research Institute Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds
    • A01K31/002Poultry cages, e.g. transport boxes
    • A01K31/005Battery breeding cages, with or without auxiliary features, e.g. feeding, watering, demanuring, heating, ventilation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/28Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for farming

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously.This method builds a simple thin and small hen net-rearing hen house in greenhouse first;With net bed with a window is opened at height on north wall, for herding vacant lot between chicken turnover greenhouse and canopy;Crop rotation and/or intercropping plant vegetables in greenhouse;Based on the chicken manure organic fertilizer that the excrement that vegetable cultivation is produced using thin and small hen makes, the fertilization mode supplemented by chemical fertilizer;Vegetables leftover bits and pieces is eaten to thin and small hen;Vacant lot is herded between canopy is combined cultivation thin and small hen with drylot feeding in thin and small hen net-rearing hen house.This method vegetables absorbing carbon dioxide first, releases oxygen, and thin and small hen absorbs oxygen and releases carbon dioxide, brought out the best in each other in terms of living environment;In addition, chicken can obtain the green forage of abundance throughout the year, the need for meeting to various vitamins and mineral element.The production performance of thin and small hen is the method increase, the yield of vegetables is improved, with disposable input, the characteristics of being benefited for many years.

Description

A kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously
Technical field
The present invention relates to three-dimensional agriculture development model and supporting technology, it is specifically related in a kind of greenhouse while carrying out vegetables The method that plantation and thin and small hen cultivate.
Background technology
Three-dimensional agriculture is a variety of mutually coordinated, agro-ecology (plant, animal, microorganism) populations for connecting each other, in sky Between, the high-efficiency agriculture structure of time and multi-level comprehensive utilization functionally.Such as woods grain or interplanting, rice field fish culture, farmland Insert kind of an edible mushroom, sylvan life poultry, duck-raising enclosed paddy fieldses and rice field fish culture etc..This pattern can fully excavate soil, luminous energy, water The potentiality of the natural resources such as source, heat, the utilization rate and utilization ratio of raising manual culture, alleviation grain and economic vegetables, Fruit tree, feed etc. mutually strive the contradiction on ground, improve resource utilization, can also make full use of room and time, pass through a work, set The three dimensional-planting-breeding such as make, mix up, raising together with isotype, the substance production of unit area is improved by a relatively large margin;Meanwhile, alleviate the change of residual Fertilizer, agricultural chemicals etc. realize " doulbe-sides' victory " of environment and development to the pressure of soil environment, water environment.
Using plastic house plastic sheeting planting vegetable, suitable ecological environment, adjustment vegetables production season are artificially created Section, adjusts the market demand, promotes vegetables good quality and high output, is one of the effective means of increase income.But planting greenhouse dish is also met To some problems, such as fertilizer damage, i.e.,:The harm of salification, main cause be partially to fertilize or excessive fertilization make soil produce salt marsh Change.The problem of being produced after generation fertilizer damage, one is to suppress vegetable root system development, weakens the function of being absorbed to water, fertilizer;Two be soil Solution concentration is excessive, and counter-infiltration phenomenon occurs for vegetable plant strain body, causes physiology wilting or leaf margin dried-up;Three be to set out to have poison gas Body endangers.
At present, most of thin and small hen cultivation uses " four gardens " (orchard, mulberry field, tea place, bamboo plantation) or mountain region sylvan life is put in a suitable place to breed, Although the chicken and egg quality of this aquaculture model production are preferably, it also has following deficiency:(1) vegetables, the woods spray Agricultural chemicals can cause thin and small hen pesticide poisoning;(2) chicken directly contact soil usually can be by parasitic infection;(3) thin and small hen likes digging for food, often The root for often resulting in forest seedling sustains damage, and is unfavorable for the growth of forest;(4) if breeding density is excessive, chicken manure homaluria Amount exceedes soil to its amount of dissolving, and makes the uric acid content in soil too high, causes the death of forest;(5) epidemic prevention disease is difficult; (6) winter temperature is relatively low or even pasture is covered by heavy snow sometimes, and vegetation is withered, and insect hibernation, thin and small hen is difficult to look for food, thus it by The limitation in season;(7) because thin and small hen activity is too big, more energy is consumed, therefore production performance is relatively low.
The content of the invention
Present invention seek to address that planting vegetable in greenhouse and thin and small hen cultivation exist above mentioned problem there is provided in a kind of greenhouse simultaneously The method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation.It both compensate for the deficiency of traditional thin and small hen cultural method and had solved greenhouse gardening Vegetables cause salt accumulation in soil salination problem, and cultivated land resource can be made full use of again, is improved the ecological environment.It has disposable throwing Enter, the characteristics of being benefited for many years.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously, its feature It is,
(1) hen house is set in greenhouse
In greenhouse a thin and small hen net-rearing hen house is built according to north wall, 60~80 centimetres of net bed height, area is greenhouse The 0.8~1.5% of area;With net bed with the window that one 0.5~1.0 square metre is opened at height on north wall, for herding chicken Pass in and out vacant lot between greenhouse and canopy;The number of animals raised is 35~40/mu greenhouses;
(2) vegetable cultivation
Crop rotation and/or intercropping plant vegetables in greenhouse;The chicken manure that the excrement that vegetable cultivation is produced using thin and small hen makes has Based on machine fertilizer, the fertilization mode supplemented by chemical fertilizer (wherein chicken manure organic fertilizer accounts for the 70~80% of fertilizer gross weight);In vegetable cultivation During avoid use organophosphor or chrysanthemum lipid agricultural chemicals;Vegetables leftover bits and pieces (is rotted, here withered, insect pest etc. can not sell (or listing It is unqualified) vegetables and vegetable byproducts such as tomato etc. dish leaf, dish stalk etc.) be placed into the hopper of thin and small hen as green forage It is edible to thin and small hen;
Wherein, the preparation method of chicken manure organic fertilizer is:
A. collect thin and small hen net-rearing hen house fresh chicken manure off the net and be placed in canopy outer space on the ground, and by thin and small hen eat surplus dish stalk and The straw chopping of the vegetables such as tomato, sponge gourd is mixed in fresh chicken manure, to adjust the carbon nitrogen (C/N) of chicken manure than for 28~30:1, contain Water rate 45~55% (when moisture is higher, simply dry), obtains fermentation raw material stand-by;
B. chicken manure fermenting agent and the humic acid of its quality 4~6% and then in fermentation raw material are added, glacial acetic acid regulation is added Chicken manure pH4.5-5.5;
C. it is fitted into anaerobic fermentation in air-locked sack after mixing, ferment successfully, (the successful standard of fermenting is:Chicken manure fermenting Material has fragrant and odorless) after obtain chicken manure organic fertilizer;Then dry, make moisture 15~20%, crush pack stand-by.
(3) thin and small hen cultivates
Vacant lot is herded between canopy is combined cultivation thin and small hen with drylot feeding in thin and small hen net-rearing hen house;
1~March, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding feed is using being bred as material and vegetable plot is miscellaneous Grass and/or vegetables leftover bits and pieces (if there is);Wherein be bred as material consumption be:Daily every 50~60g of chicken;
First arrival in April by the end of October, uses the feeding manner based on herding, supplemented by drylot feeding, drylot feeding feed using lay eggs material and Vegetables leftover bits and pieces;The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 40~50g of chicken;
11~December, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding feed is using material and the vegetables of laying eggs Leftover bits and pieces;The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 50~70g of chicken.
1~the March and 11~December, it is specially supplemented by herding:The fine morning 10 on date is up to afternoon 4 When, chicken is put between canopy on vacant lot activity and looked for food.
The first arrival in April by the end of October, based on herding be specially:At day thin and small hen is released (except sleet sky) daily, Allow thin and small hen to search for food young tender weeds and Insect Ecology feed between canopy in ground, chicken group is rushed to the thin and small hen net-rearing of greenhouse at dark In hen house.
It is preferred that, it is described be bred as material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 55~60%, wheat bran 12~18% is fried Soya bean 22~28%, oyster shell whiting 1.5~2.5%.More preferably proportioning is:Corn 58%, wheat bran 15%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 25%, shell Powder 2%.
It is preferred that, it is described lay eggs material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 60~65%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 28~32%, Oyster shell whiting 5~10%.More preferably proportioning is:Corn 62%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 30%, oyster shell whiting 8%.
It is preferred that, plant tomato, romaine lettuce, Chinese cabbage and celery, intercropping plant sponge gourd in growing area crop rotation.
Above-mentioned chicken manure fermenting agent is the leavening (such as golden pheasant manure fermentation em strains) of commercially available fermentation poultry dung, its addition With reference to the specification of product.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention according to booth vegetable the characteristics of grow and thin and small hen is to the demand put in a suitable place to breed, and The development model that a set of efficient ecological breeding proposed with reference to current ecological, socio-economic development demand is combined, spring and summer autumn, Greenhouse film and cotton-wadded quilt are rolled onto above operating walk way, can both be kept the sun off and wind and rain for chicken, and without prejudice to vegetable growth, winter Season, film and cotton-wadded quilt are put down, and can make full use of heliogreenhouse effect;In addition, carbon dioxide and the thin and small hen cultivation of chicken exhalation The materials such as the ammonia of generation absorb for vegetables, reduce the consumption of chemical fertilizer, add yield, improve quality of vegetable, chicken The heat that body comes out, accelerates the speed of growth of vegetables.And vegetables plantation on the one hand dissolved chicken generation excrement and Foul smell, improves the living environment of animal, on the other hand, 20~30% vegetable byproducts and there occurs the vegetables of insect pest also to Chicken provides sufficient green forage, is conducive to the health of thin and small hen, makes the quality of meat, egg also more guaranteed;When worm occurs for vegetables During evil, the vegetables that there occurs insect pest are taken away and feed chicken, the use of agricultural chemicals had not only been avoided but also had prevented spreading for pest and disease damage.Thus, The mashed up greenhouse of this breeder dish, complements each other, is benefited each other, has both supported high-quality thin and small hen or has harvested green vegetables, has thus planted Plant and cultivation combine closely, more preferable benefit can be obtained.Through field test, the present invention has the following effects that:
(1) production performance of thin and small hen is improved:Because winter canopy temperature is high compared with outside, thin and small hen is used for maintaining body temperature to be disappeared The energy proportion of consumption is smaller, so having more sufficient energy to put on weight and lay eggs, in addition, in the winter time, thin and small hen is big There are fresh dish leaf, stalk for being abandoned in canopy etc. in canopy, be the vitamin of thin and small hen supplement foot, this is also beneficial to production performance Improve.Comparative test result shows, the body weight for the thin and small hen that the weight ratio of cock is put in a suitable place to breed with age in days tradition improves 10%, the production of hen Egg amount improves 12%;
(2) disease incident is reduced:In early spring, late autumn and winter, thin and small hen lives in canopy that the time is more in net bed, contact Chance to excrement is reduced, and therefore, the coccidia incidence of disease can reduce by 30%;
(3) feeding management is simple:In daytime, the thick grass that thin and small hen passes through the window on north wall to vacant lot between canopy or high stalk vegetable Looked for food under dish, Climbing Plant, night returns in net bed rest and search for food fine fodder or discarded vegetables;In addition, the egg collection of laying hen Middle life eliminates the trouble for picking up egg everywhere in laying nest;
(4) resource rational utilization:The present invention is that a thin and small hen culture zone is built in warmhouse booth, on the one hand for chicken non- Grazing time rest, feeding fine fodder and vegetables leftover bits and pieces;On the other hand apply with collecting chicken manure offerings, so as to reach following resource The effect rationally utilized:A. existing chicken cage mode is compared, the present invention allows to live between canopy the thin and small hen most of the time on daytime On vacant lot, scope of activities is larger, and field is looked for food, and the time is long, and the amount of looking for food is more, only need to supplement a small amount of fine fodder;B. vegetables suffer aphid After the insect pests such as worm, diamondback moth, prodenia litura, beet armyworm, pathogenicity test, red spider, infested vegetables are extracted and feed chicken, not In the case of spraying any agricultural chemicals, the insect pest of vegetables is set just to be resolved, the medicament residue problem of vegetables is resolved;C. chicken manure Directly applied after fermentation process in vegetable plot, solve vegetable plot makes soil produce saliferous problem using chemical fertilizer;
(5) it is good in economic efficiency:Because the pattern that this breeding is combined improves the production performance of thin and small hen, so every chicken ratio Tradition puts many 20 yuan of increase incomes in a suitable place to breed, and for the fruits and vegetables of plantation, compared with common booth vegetable, Time To Market can shift to an earlier date 1~1.5 month, the output value can increase by 50% or so;
(6) it is profitable on ecology:Both the problem of having solved breeding waste pollution environment, provides the fertilizer of abundance for vegetables again Material, while also improving soil;The not high discarded object of the vegetables of plantation produce in warmhouse booth economic value, can be daily Every chicken provides 50 grams of green forages, solves the problem of vegetables produce garbage environment pollution.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of present invention hen house in green house of vegetables.
Reference:1st, green house of vegetables, 2, thin and small hen net-rearing hen house, 3, window, 4, chicken manure catch tray.
Embodiment
Chicken manure fermenting agent used in the present embodiment is the golden pheasant that Kang Yuan oasis biotechnology (Beijing) Co., Ltd produces Manure fermentation em strains, effective viable bacteria is 20,000,000,000/ml.
As shown in Figure 1.(north walling, half arch-shaped that the south sets bow member is big for the east-west semiarch round type greenhouse 1 of selection Canopy), build a rectangle thin and small hen net-rearing hen house 2 (including laying nest, hopper, drinking-water according to north wall in the northwest corner of greenhouse 1 Device, lighting device etc.), 70 centimeters of net bed height, area is the 1% of greenhouse area, with net bed with opening one at height on north wall Individual 0.5 square metre of window 3, for herding vacant lot between chicken turnover greenhouse and canopy;The number of animals raised is 35~40/mu greenhouses;Raise Density is 6~7/square metre;The mesh of chicken manure from thin and small hen net-rearing hen house 2 falls into chicken manure catch tray, collects chicken manure.
(1) vegetable cultivation scheme
Mid or late January, fertilising site preparation does furrow, mid or late Febuary, transplants tomato seedling.Mid-March plants sponge gourd seedling set in canopy Greenhouse underfooting, per the row of canopy kind two.The first tenday period of a month in May to early July harvests tomato, intertillage 1 time, mid-July, tomato after tomato has harvested The furrow block in addition to sponge gourd furrow is turned over after uprooting plants after their edible portions have been harvested in time, appropriate quick lime and Chicken dung organic fertilizer is applied, selects heat-resisting romaine lettuce Kind seed is broadcast.Tomato stalk is layered on sponge gourd furrow afterwards, the chicken manure fertilizer become thoroughly decomposed for 1 time is imposed, June, first arrival harvested silk mid-September Melon, often harvests 2~3 times and imposes 1 chicken manure fertilizer later.Harvest romaine lettuce mid-August, site preparation bedding after romaine lettuce harvest, apply chicken manure Fertilizer, plants Chinese cabbage, harvests mid-November, and turns over solarization soil in time, and site preparation bedding, fertilising, plant celery at late October, Greenhouse should be covered mid-November, harvested in 1~March of next year.
(2) thin and small hen cultivation scheme
Buy Growing Chicken 25~30,1~March, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding raises Material is expected using incubation, and the weeds in supplementary feeding vegetable plot and/or vegetables leftover bits and pieces (if there is)., can be in the morning if fine 10 when afternoon 4, and chicken is put between canopy on vacant lot activity and looked for food.Wherein be bred as material consumption be:Daily every chicken 55~ 60g;Remaining green forage daily every chicken feed with 30~40g.
First arrival in April is by the end of October the optimum season herded, during this, and daily (except sleet sky) at day puts thin and small hen Go out, allow chicken to mine massively the ecological feeds such as young tender weeds, insect between food canopy in ground, at dark rush to chicken group in canopy, supplementary light, Supplementary feeding, which is laid eggs, expects and vegetables leftover bits and pieces.The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 40~50g of chicken;Remaining green forage is daily Every chicken feed is with 40~60g.
11~December, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding feed is using lay eggs material, and supplementary feeding Vegetables leftover bits and pieces.During this, if fine, when the morning 10 is up to afternoon 4, chicken be put between canopy on vacant lot and looks for food and lives It is dynamic.The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 50~70g of chicken;Remaining green forage daily every chicken feed with 40~60g.
The incubation material is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Corn 58%, wheat bran 15%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 25%, shell Powder 2%.
The material of laying eggs is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:Corn 62%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 30%, oyster shell whiting 8%.
(3) organic fertilizer production program
A. collect thin and small hen net-rearing hen house fresh chicken manure off the net and be placed in canopy outer space on the ground, and by thin and small hen eat surplus dish stalk and The straw chopping of the vegetables such as tomato, sponge gourd is mixed in fresh chicken manure, to adjust the carbon-nitrogen ratio of chicken manure as 30:1, moisture content 45- 55% (when moisture is higher, simply dry), obtains fermentation raw material stand-by;
B. the chicken manure fermenting agent of its quality 0.05% and 5% humic acid and then in fermentation raw material are added, ice vinegar is added Acid regulation chicken manure pH is 5.0;
C. it is fitted into after mixing in air-locked sack, tamps, seals, pile up and carry out anaerobic fermentation together, chicken after 20 days Excrement organic fertilizer fermentation is finished, and drying makes moisture in 15-20%, crushes pack stand-by.
Using above technology, the present invention has done vegetable cultivation contrast test in Shouguang vegetable cultivation base respectively, in Laiwu Thin and small hen cultivation contrast test is done in mountain area thin and small hen cultivation base.The experimental animal of culture experiment is same age in days (90 age in days) reed catkins Chicken, the experiment vegetables of planting experiment are tomato, sponge gourd, romaine lettuce, Chinese cabbage, the celery of same breed.Thin and small hen feeding experiment Experimental period be 1 year, vegetables experiment experimental period be 3 months 1 year.Result of the test is shown in Tables 1 and 2.
Influence of the greenhouse breeding binding pattern of table 1 with traditional aquaculture model to thin and small hen production performance
Influence of the greenhouse breeding binding pattern of table 2 with traditional planting vegetable in greenhouse pattern to yield of vegetables
Be can be seen that from Tables 1 and 2 data under greenhouse breeding binding pattern, thin and small hen in greenhouse can supplementary light, throughout the year Can be searched for food fresh vegetables leftover bits and pieces, browse and insect etc., therefore, and Age at first laying shifts to an earlier date 20 days than traditional thin and small hen breeding way, production Egg amount increase by 20.45%, feed consumption rate declines 28%, and feedstuff-egg ratio declines 36%.What the carbon dioxide and body of thin and small hen exhalation were discharged The material that heat and manure digestion are produced absorbs for vegetables, and the yield of various vegetables also has different degrees of volume increase, vegetable The amplification of dish yield is all more than 10%, some volume increase 20%.
In a word, greenhouse breeding is combined has many advantages than independent greenhouse gardening vegetables and greenhouse poultry:Thin and small hen gives birth to first Surrounding air living is good;Vegetables absorbing carbon dioxide, releases oxygen, thin and small hen is to absorb oxygen to release carbon dioxide, between them Brought out the best in each other in terms of living environment;In addition, chicken can obtain the green forage of abundance throughout the year, meet to various vitamins and mineral The need for element, the use to all feeds additive is eliminated;Chicken dish is pulled out with the vegetables under canopy pattern, infecting insect pest and fed Chicken, so in the case of without any agricultural chemicals, potential pest and disease damage problem is resolved, and the security of vegetables is more guaranteed , therefore this pattern both supported and got well thin and small hen or harvested green vegetables.

Claims (8)

1. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse simultaneously, it is characterized in that,
(1)Hen house is set in greenhouse
In greenhouse a thin and small hen net-rearing hen house is built according to north wall;With net bed with opening a window at height on north wall, For herding vacant lot between thin and small hen turnover greenhouse and canopy;The number of animals raised is 35~40/mu greenhouses;
(2)Vegetable cultivation
Crop rotation and/or intercropping plant vegetables in greenhouse;The chicken manure organic fertilizer that the excrement that vegetable cultivation is produced using thin and small hen makes Based on, the fertilization mode supplemented by chemical fertilizer;Avoid using organophosphor or chrysanthemum lipid agricultural chemicals during vegetable cultivation;Vegetables are got a foothold Material is placed into edible to thin and small hen in the hopper of thin and small hen;
Wherein, the preparation method of chicken manure organic fertilizer is:
A. collect thin and small hen net-rearing hen house fresh chicken manure off the net and be placed in canopy outer space on the ground, and dish is obstructed into the straw chopping with vegetables Mix in fresh chicken manure, to adjust the carbon-nitrogen ratio of chicken manure as 28~30:1, moisture content 45~55% obtains fermentation raw material stand-by;
B. chicken manure fermenting agent and the humic acid of its quality 4~6% and then in fermentation raw material are added, glacial acetic acid regulation chicken manure is added pH4.5-5.5;
C. it is fitted into anaerobic fermentation in air-locked sack after mixing, chicken manure organic fertilizer is obtained after fermenting successfully;Then dry, make water Divide content 15~20%, crush pack stand-by;
(3)Thin and small hen cultivates
Vacant lot is herded between canopy is combined cultivation thin and small hen with drylot feeding in thin and small hen net-rearing hen house;
1~March, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding feed is using being bred as material and vegetable plot weeds And/or vegetables leftover bits and pieces;Wherein be bred as material consumption be:Daily every 50~60g of chicken;
First arrival in April by the end of October, uses the feeding manner based on herding, supplemented by drylot feeding, drylot feeding feed is using material and the vegetables of laying eggs Leftover bits and pieces;The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 40~50g of chicken;
11~December, use based on drylot feeding, herd supplemented by feeding manner, drylot feeding feed is using laying eggs material and vegetables are got a foothold Material;The consumption of material of wherein laying eggs is:Daily every 50~70g of chicken;
1~the March and 11~December, it is specially supplemented by herding:The fine morning 10 on date when afternoon 4, Chicken is put between canopy on vacant lot activity and looked for food;
The first arrival in April by the end of October, based on herding be specially:At day thin and small hen is released daily, allow thin and small hen search for food canopy between In young tender weeds and Insect Ecology feed, at dark by chicken group rush in the thin and small hen net-rearing hen house of greenhouse.
2. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, institute 60~80 centimetres of net bed height is stated, net-rearing hen house area is the 0.8~1.5% of greenhouse area.
3. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, institute State on north wall with net bed with the window that one 0.5~1.0 square metre is opened at height.
4. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, institute State be bred as material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 55~60%, wheat bran 12~18%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 22~28%, oyster shell whiting 1.5~2.5%.
5. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse described in claim 4 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, it is described Be bred as material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 58%, wheat bran 15%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 25%, oyster shell whiting 2%.
6. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as claimed in claim 1 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, institute State lay eggs material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 60~65%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 28~32%, oyster shell whiting 5~10%.
7. the method for vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as claimed in claim 6 simultaneously, it is characterized in that, institute State lay eggs material by following weight than raw material be made:Corn 62%, stir-bake to yellowish beans 30%, oyster shell whiting 8%.
8. the side of vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation is carried out in a kind of greenhouse as described in any one in claim 1-7 simultaneously Method, it is characterized in that, the plantation of the crop rotation in the greenhouse tomato, romaine lettuce, Chinese cabbage and celery, intercropping plant sponge gourd.
CN201510738293.8A 2015-11-03 2015-11-03 A kind of method for carrying out vegetable cultivation and thin and small hen cultivation in greenhouse simultaneously Active CN105230397B (en)

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CN106577494A (en) * 2016-11-27 2017-04-26 竹山县旭东生态农业开发有限公司 Method for combining chicken farming and tea garden management
CN106804329A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-09 五河县翔宇肉鸽专业合作社 A kind of greenhouse gardening mixes the method for breeding with pigeon for meat
CN108293657A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-07-20 云南农业大学 A kind of plantation cultivation is combined the intercropping method of raising vintage
CN107810923A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-03-20 湖南神农林下中药开发有限公司 A kind of cultural method of laying hen
CN109275464A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-29 聂菲菲 A kind of greenhouse gardening cultural method
CN110495331A (en) * 2019-09-24 2019-11-26 山东农业大学 A kind of facility breeding combination ecological circulation method
CN110692451A (en) * 2019-11-14 2020-01-17 尹华粤 Method for synchronously producing poultry and vegetables

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