CN102176252A - Equipment and facility safety inspection intelligent patrolling operation system and application method thereof - Google Patents

Equipment and facility safety inspection intelligent patrolling operation system and application method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102176252A
CN102176252A CN2011100297796A CN201110029779A CN102176252A CN 102176252 A CN102176252 A CN 102176252A CN 2011100297796 A CN2011100297796 A CN 2011100297796A CN 201110029779 A CN201110029779 A CN 201110029779A CN 102176252 A CN102176252 A CN 102176252A
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China
Prior art keywords
information
facility
security protection
rfid tags
passive rfid
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CN2011100297796A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102176252B (en
Inventor
樊桂珍
赵悦然
陈锐
赵辉
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新疆中钜电子科技有限公司
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Priority to CN 201110029779 priority Critical patent/CN102176252B/en
Publication of CN102176252A publication Critical patent/CN102176252A/en
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Publication of CN102176252B publication Critical patent/CN102176252B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an equipment and facility safety inspection intelligent patrolling operation system and an application method thereof. The system consists of a handheld wireless interconnection security patrolling device, a radio frequency identification (RFID) label card reader module and a central server, wherein a passive RFID label is distributed on a security facility in a closed space; the label number and three-dimensional (3D) virtual digital modeling data of the closed space are input into a computer system and/or a server by utilizing a global information system (GIS); when an inspector enters the closed space to inspect by carrying the handheld wireless interconnection security patrolling device; and identification codes stored in the passive RFID label, use information of related security facility and equipment and location information thereof, and to-be-collected data which are collected by the security equipment through manual and automatic wireless sensing and collected by manual artificial detection are uploaded to the central server or transmitted to the computer system by the handheld wireless interconnection security patrolling device automatically, and are determined by the central server or the computer system. The system prompts and monitors the inspectors to maintain the security facility and equipment in time, so that the safety, effectiveness and reliability of the security facility and equipment can be improved.

Description

Equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system and application process thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to security protection and patrol and examine technical field, particularly equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system and application process thereof.

Background technology

Patrol and examine in the field existing, in many place such as each ground or hypogee or factory and defence engineerings of using the technology of patrolling and examining, civil air defense constructions and installations, the down-hole, urban operating mechanism, underground pipe network, in the confined spaces such as ocean large ship marine drilling platform alive, in above-mentioned confined space, all arranging the fire fighting device of the usefulness that ensures safety, switch valve, safety devices such as tensimeter, owing to lack effective intelligent patrol detection technology supervisory systems, therefore, whether reality goes to the scene to detect the reliability of safety device to the personnel that patrol and examine every day in person, can't determine the high reliability that security protection equipment uses at any time, its the true type of technical parameter data that transmits also probably is artificial the forgery, cause the reliability state of the long neglected and in disrepair and uncertain security protection of security protection equipment, finally cause not preventing and the possibility of right security incident increases considerably, dailyly patrol and examine prevention and then become an artificial inducement that causes failing timely wall accident.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, the appliance computer systems technology, make computer system, hand-held safety patrol inspection instrument reads technology with passive RFID tags and merges the reliable and practical intelligent patrol detection technology supervisory systems of formation mutually, but real-time online realize site intelligent or manually supervision or in the future off-line regularly manually or automatically transfer and relevantly patrol and examine daily record and verify, prevent that effectively the personnel of patrolling and examining from escaping inspection, omission, for inspection, pseudo-inspection, lapse or hide inspection from, pressure is patrolled and examined the hand-held logging of personnel and is carried out low coverage induction identification detection security protection equipment to the scene, facility, eliminate daily security protection hidden danger, increase substantially and improve the reliability that security protection equipment uses at any time, when unknowable security incident takes place, in time avoid security loss or reduce security loss to greatest extent.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this: a kind of equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, form by the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless, RFID tag reader module and central server;

The interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of described hand-hold wireless can read the passive RFID tags chip by RFID tag reader module and stores relevant security protection equipment, facility uses information and position information thereof, the passive RFID tags correspondence is packed in each security protection equipment in the indoor or outdoors or the underground space, on the facility, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless can be with the relevant security protection equipment that gets from passive RFID tags induction feedback, facility uses information and position information thereof and manually detects this relevant device, the information of facility is presented on the display screen of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless and shows, and is uploaded to the central server database automatically and is preserved and management by central server by dual-mode antenna is wireless.

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of equipment, the application process of facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, the appliance computer systems technology, make computer system, hand-held safety patrol inspection instrument reads technology with passive RFID tags and merges the reliable and practical intelligent patrol detection technology supervisory systems of formation mutually, but real-time online realize site intelligent or manually supervision or in the future off-line regularly manually or automatically transfer and relevantly patrol and examine daily record and verify, prevent that effectively the personnel of patrolling and examining from escaping inspection, omission, for inspection, pseudo-inspection, lapse or hide inspection from, pressure is patrolled and examined the hand-held logging of personnel and is carried out low coverage induction identification detection security protection equipment to the scene, facility, eliminate daily security protection hidden danger, increase substantially and improve the reliability that security protection equipment uses at any time, when unknowable security incident takes place, in time avoid security loss or reduce security loss to greatest extent.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this: the application process of a kind of equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, comprising that but but the typing that is installed in the above-mentioned central server has the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of three-dimension GIS, 3 d modeling system, communication system, computer system, hand-hold wireless and the RFID tag read-write equipment of the virtual modeling of 3D of the two-dimension GIS of this area planimetric coordinates map or typing architectural entity, its method is:

A, be positioned at confined space or all relevant security protection equipment in the open in advance, fix a passive RFID tags on the facility respectively, utilize 3 d modeling system to the complete corresponding proportional three-dimensional geometry body that can on the computer system display, present that is depicted as of spatial structure of confined space that lays passive RFID tags 1 or be about to lay each real independent completion of passive RFID tags with solid, use the RFID tag read-write equipment that cloth is put in security protection equipment in each confined space, passive RFID tags on facility typing respectively immobilizes, unique identifier number, and simultaneously or can optionally write this security protection equipment of its chip-stored to each passive RFID tags, facility position information with write corresponding relevant this security protection equipment respectively to being fixed in passive RFID tags on this security protection facility, the use information of facility and position information thereof, with said fixing at each security protection equipment, the identifier number that all has been written into passive RFID tags on the facility duplicates, gather, the discrete series of compilation formation system is to make up the label information table corresponding to all passive RFID tags;

Each is fixed in the use information of relevant this security protection equipment that passive RFID tags on security protection equipment, the facility contains, facility and position information typing thereof and the corresponding label information table of its identifier number or will with identifier number in this label information table by the corresponding relevant security protection equipment that is connected of chain program, the use information of facility and the use information table input database that position information is constituted thereof; The identifier number of each passive RFID tags of correspondence of every cover label information table stored invented virtual identifying and demarcated on the corresponding virtual location of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space, the place virtual location of each virtual identifying in three-dimensional geometry body is corresponding consistent with the real marking position of true passive RFID tags in real enclosure space body corresponding to this virtual identifying, described label information table and/or above-mentioned use information table, the set that each confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body constitutes is by the data base administration and the typing GIS of computer system; With the geographic coordinate of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space by virtual tag on GIS corresponding digital virtual map, the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body on GIS numeral virtual map is corresponding consistent with the physical location real of living in of each confined space; With each virtual identifying of every cover label information table by virtual tag in the three-dimensional geometry with virtual geographic position corresponding to the same, real position on;

Central server or computer system from database, access the corresponding true passive RFID tags position information that links with a certain virtual identifying and/or with by the relevant security protection equipment of this true passive RFID tags institute mark, the use information of facility and position information thereof, and access the geographic location of the corresponding true confined space that links according to the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body with it, geographic position with confined space, the locus of the true passive RFID tags in this confined space and relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position information thereof show on the display of computer system with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing, with each security protection equipment, relevant operation parameter numbering in the facility description of product information is duplicated, gather, the security parameter threshold range standard scale of compilation formation system, and with security parameter threshold range standard scale typing central server and/or computer system, and or can be optionally with the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of its typing hand-hold wireless;

The three-dimensional geometry body of institute's construction and GIS form confined space location recognition system in above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table, security parameter threshold range standard scale, all confined spaces;

Described computer system also can with above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table data, security parameter threshold range standard scale, constitute each confined space three-dimensional geometry body data upload to central server, so that backup and upgrade the central server database at any time and download database after being upgraded by central server by wireless Internet;

B, during daily patrolling and examining, each routine personnel of patrolling and examining carries the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless and patrols and examines or enter this confined space in the open and patrol and examine, but patrol and examine the passive RFID tags of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of the entrained hand-hold wireless of personnel by RFID tag reader module induction energy and its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance with routine, and from can with wireless identification code and the security protection equipment that reads its storage the passive RFID tags of its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance, the use information of facility and position information thereof, central server utilizes confined space location recognition system, and just the passive RFID tags identification code of storing and the label information table in computer system or the central server database are compared, search out and this identifier number corresponding virtual sign from label information table, and or can optionally pick out the relevant security protection equipment corresponding from using the information table medium chain with this identification code according to this identifier number, the use information of facility and position information thereof, confined space location recognition system according to this virtual identifying access with in be provided with this virtual identifying to three-dimensional modeling structure body that should confined space, by chain program will with this virtual identifying corresponding identification numbering and the position information that passive RFID tags that should identifier number is stored, relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position Info Link thereof are to this confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body on the corresponding virtual position, again by showing with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing on the computer system display; The identification code and relevant security protection equipment of being stored in passive RFID tags at radio receiving transmitting module that the personnel of patrolling and examining use the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless, the use information of facility and position information thereof and security protection equipment hand automated wireless sensing is collected and manually carry out the data to be tested that manual detection collects and be uploaded in the lump before or after the central server, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless is then at first corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale relatively with these data to be tested, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless carries out sound and/or light alarm by its display screen and/or loudspeaker, the supplemental characteristic described to be detected that central server or computer system will receive is corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale in the database once more relatively, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined and do not receive this security protection equipment yet in limiting time, facility arranged parameter detected once more behind the barrier or this security protection equipment of receiving arranged barrier after detected parameter still exceed security parameter threshold range standard scale, central server or computer system then write down above-mentioned judged result is formed and patrol and examine the daily record input database, online instant alarming or be chosen in the limiting time of deserving in the future, it is patrolled and examined daily record and is carried out sound and/or light warning when accessing by GIS by automatic or manual;

Described microwave section electromagnetic wave is that frequency is in the electromagnetic wave between the 300MHz-3GHz.

The present invention uses: need in advance on the indoor or open-air equipment of security protection, facility, to lay certain fair amount passive RFID tags and will be corresponding to the tag number of passive RFID tags and the 3D virtual digit modeling data typing central server of this confined space; (RFID:Radio Frequency Identification writes a Chinese character in simplified form its RFID card reader, being radio-frequency (RF) identification) its major function is the passive RFID tags around reading, and give central server with ID number of these labels passback, carry out subsequent treatment by central server, principle of work of the present invention: passive RFID tags fixing on the security protection facility is carried out contactless information acquisition, security protection equipment routing inspection result data is uploaded to security protection supervision department (for example fire-fighting group) central server by wireless network, patrol and examine security protection facility normal data comparison in data and the database, system database carries out highlighted demonstration to the data that do not meet code requirement, the fault that prompting security protection facility exists is convenient in time find and solve hidden danger.For example: security against fire person liable and custodian and fire-fighting are specially done directly login the present invention " building fire protection facility current check inquiry system " and are checked our unit's fire-fighting check day count off certificate in the fire-fighting key unit, whether retrieval our unit fire fighting device exists hidden danger, can information according to system suggestion in time rectify and improve; Each Key Unit of Fire Safety fire-fighting check day count off certificate of area under one's jurisdiction is checked by " building fire protection facility current check management system " by security protection supervision department, security protection supervision department carries out real-time follow-up to data, in time find disaster hidden-trouble, help unit to rectify and improve, eliminate disaster hidden-trouble.

The scope of application of the present invention is fire-fighting fire extinguishing rescue, defence engineering (defence engineering: the military engineering that is used for defending external armed invasion, comprise permanent defence engineering, large-scale command post, naval's harbour, air force airport, missile launching position, large-scale rear area warehouse and communications facility etc.), civil air defense constructions and installations (civil air defense constructions and installations: ensure wartime personnel with goods and materials are sheltered, people's air defence commander, medical aid and the underground protective structure of building separately, and the combined ground building wartime of building can be used for antiaircraft basement.Civil air defense constructions and installations is to be prepared for surprise attacks by the enemy, and shelters personnel and goods and materials effectively, preserves the critical facility of war potential; Be to adhere to cities and towns fights, support the engineering support of war of anti-aggression for a long time until triumph), down-hole, urban operating mechanism and underground pipe network, ocean large ship and marine drilling platform etc.Therefore, in sum, appliance computer systems technology of the present invention, make computer system, hand-held safety patrol inspection instrument reads technology with passive RFID tags and merges the reliable and practical intelligent patrol detection technology supervisory systems of formation mutually, but real-time online realize site intelligent or manually supervision or in the future off-line regularly manually or automatically transfer and relevantly patrol and examine daily record and verify, prevent that effectively the personnel of patrolling and examining from escaping inspection, omission, for inspection, pseudo-inspection, lapse or hide inspection from, pressure is patrolled and examined the hand-held logging of personnel and is carried out low coverage induction identification detection security protection equipment to the scene, eliminate daily security protection hidden danger, increase substantially and improve the reliability that security protection equipment uses at any time, when unknowable security incident takes place, in time avoid security loss or reduce security loss to greatest extent.

Description of drawings

The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing;

Fig. 1 is a system schematic of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is relevant application process of the present invention (program) process flow diagram.

Embodiment

A kind of equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system as shown in Figure 1, are made up of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless, RFID tag reader module 2 and central server 4;

The interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of described hand-hold wireless can read passive RFID tags 1 chip by RFID tag reader module 2 and stores relevant security protection equipment, facility uses information and position information thereof, passive RFID tags 1 correspondence is packed in each security protection equipment in the indoor or outdoors or the underground space, on the facility, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless can be with the relevant security protection equipment that gets from passive RFID tags 1 induction feedback, facility uses information and position information thereof and manually detects this relevant device, the information of facility is presented on the display screen of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless and shows, and is uploaded to central server 4 databases automatically and is preserved and management by central server 4 by dual-mode antenna is wireless.

The radio communication protocol standard that interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless and central server 4 are connected is TD-SCDMA, TD-LTE or Zigbee or WiMax or GPRS.

The application process of a kind of equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, comprising that but but the typings that are installed in the above-mentioned central server 4 have the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of three-dimension GIS, 3 d modeling system, communication system, computer system, hand-hold wireless and the RFID tag read-write equipment of the virtual modeling of 3D of the two-dimension GIS of this area planimetric coordinates map or typing architectural entity, its method is:

A, be positioned at confined space or all relevant security protection equipment in the open in advance, fix a passive RFID tags 1 on the facility respectively, utilize 3 d modeling system to the complete corresponding proportional three-dimensional geometry body that can on the computer system display, present that is depicted as of spatial structure of confined space that lays passive RFID tags 1 or be about to lay each real independent completion of passive RFID tags 1 with solid, use the RFID tag read-write equipment that cloth is put in security protection equipment in each confined space, passive RFID tags 1 on facility typing respectively immobilizes, unique identifier number, and simultaneously or can optionally write this security protection equipment of its chip-stored to each passive RFID tags 1, facility position information with write corresponding relevant this security protection equipment respectively to being fixed in passive RFID tags 1 on this security protection facility, the use information of facility and position information thereof, with said fixing at each security protection equipment, the identifier number that all has been written into passive RFID tags 1 on the facility duplicates, gather, the discrete series of compilation formation system is to make up the label information table corresponding to all passive RFID tags 1;

Each is fixed in the use information of relevant this security protection equipment that passive RFID tags 1 on security protection equipment, the facility contains, facility and position information typing thereof and the corresponding label information table of its identifier number or will with identifier number in this label information table by the corresponding relevant security protection equipment that is connected of chain program, the use information of facility and the use information table input database that position information is constituted thereof; The identifier number of each passive RFID tags 1 of correspondence of every cover label information table stored invented virtual identifying and demarcated on the corresponding virtual location of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space, the place virtual location of each virtual identifying in three-dimensional geometry body is corresponding consistent with the real marking position of true passive RFID tags 1 in real enclosure space body corresponding to this virtual identifying, described label information table and/or above-mentioned use information table, the set that each confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body constitutes is by the data base administration and the typing GIS of computer system; With the geographic coordinate of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space by virtual tag on GIS corresponding digital virtual map, the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body on GIS numeral virtual map is corresponding consistent with the physical location real of living in of each confined space; With each virtual identifying of every cover label information table by virtual tag in the three-dimensional geometry with virtual geographic position corresponding to the same, real position on;

Central server 4 or computer system from database, access the corresponding true passive RFID tags that links 1 position information with a certain virtual identifying and/or with by the relevant security protection equipment of 1 mark of this true passive RFID tags, the use information of facility and position information thereof, and access the geographic location of the corresponding true confined space that links according to the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body with it, geographic position with confined space, the locus of the true passive RFID tags 1 in this confined space and relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position information thereof show on the display of computer system with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing, with each security protection equipment, relevant operation parameter numbering in the facility description of product information is duplicated, gather, the security parameter threshold range standard scale of compilation formation system, and with security parameter threshold range standard scale typing central server 4 and/or computer system, and or can be optionally with the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of its typing hand-hold wireless;

The three-dimensional geometry body of institute's construction and GIS form confined space location recognition system in above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table, security parameter threshold range standard scale, all confined spaces;

Described computer system also can with above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table data, security parameter threshold range standard scale, constitute each confined space three-dimensional geometry body data upload to central server 4, so that backup and upgrade central server 4 databases at any time and download database after being upgraded by central server 4 by wireless Internet;

B, during daily patrolling and examining, each routine personnel of patrolling and examining carries the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless and patrols and examines or enter this confined space in the open and patrol and examine, but patrol and examine the passive RFID tags 1 of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of the entrained hand-hold wireless of personnel by RFID tag reader module 2 induction energies and its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance with routine, and from can with wireless identification code and the security protection equipment that reads its storage the passive RFID tags 1 of its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance, the use information of facility and position information thereof, central server 4 utilizes confined space location recognition system, and just passive RFID tags 1 identification code of being stored and the label information table in computer system or central server 4 databases are compared, search out and this identifier number corresponding virtual sign from label information table, and or can optionally pick out the relevant security protection equipment corresponding from using the information table medium chain with this identification code according to this identifier number, the use information of facility and position information thereof, confined space location recognition system according to this virtual identifying access with in be provided with this virtual identifying to three-dimensional modeling structure body that should confined space, by chain program will with this virtual identifying corresponding identification numbering and the position information that passive RFID tags 1 that should identifier number is stored, relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position Info Link thereof are to this confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body on the corresponding virtual position, again by showing with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing on the computer system display; The identification code and relevant security protection equipment of being stored in passive RFID tags 1 at radio receiving transmitting module that the personnel of patrolling and examining use the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless, the use information of facility and position information thereof and security protection equipment hand automated wireless sensing is collected and manually carry out the data to be tested that manual detection collects and be uploaded in the lump before or after the central server 4,3 in the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless is at first corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale relatively with these data to be tested, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument 3 of hand-hold wireless carries out sound and/or light alarm by its display screen and/or loudspeaker, the supplemental characteristic described to be detected that central server 4 or computer system will receive is corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale in the database once more relatively, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined and do not receive this security protection equipment yet in limiting time, facility arranged parameter detected once more behind the barrier or this security protection equipment of receiving arranged barrier after detected parameter still exceed security parameter threshold range standard scale, central server 4 or computer system then write down above-mentioned judged result is formed and patrol and examine the daily record input database, online instant alarming or be chosen in the limiting time of deserving in the future, making it patrol and examine daily record, is carried out sound and/or light and reports to the police when accessing by GIS by automatic or manual; Promptly the prompting scene personnel that patrol and examine in time change security protection equipment, improve the effective reliability of security protection device security, the security protection supervisor can find the personnel's of patrolling and examining the locus, place and the detected situation of security protection equipment immediately by the 3 dimensional drawing that shows on the computer system display, artificial judgment patrol and examine personnel whether at the scene routine patrol and examine.

Described microwave section electromagnetic wave is that frequency is in the electromagnetic wave between the 300MHz-3GHz.

Described confined space is indoor, corridor, passage or the hoistway of land on the ground or in the body of hypogee, perhaps is indoor, corridor, passage or hoistway in land underground traffic road, undergrond street, underground supermarket, mine laneway, underground pipe network, subterranean tunnel, warship waterborne or hull or the offshore drilling platform;

In above-mentioned steps A or step B, confined space also can by lay in advance the reflection of electromagnetic wave ball that can reflect the radio carrier signal or reflection of electromagnetic wave plate with realize relay, trunking traffic by it or transmit signals to radio communication system by underground communication system or [underground rest on the ground or the water surface on computer system.

The uniform layer of metal skin that is provided with on its ectosphere wall of described reflection of electromagnetic wave ball; The also uniform layer of metal skin that is provided with on the work wall of described its reflection electromagnetic wave of reflection of electromagnetic wave plate.

But the object (giving an example) that passive RFID tags 1 mark of the present invention is fixed in the confined space is as follows: column, curtain wall, partition wall, the corridor, the room, counter, escalator, door, window, civilian escalator, the fire-fighting escalator, (market is used) rotating ladder, fire resistance rolling shutter door, the fire exit, hose saddle, flame snuffer, the forceful electric power well, the light current well, pump house at the bottom of the high-rise building, smoke transducer, spray thrower, the fire exit pilot lamp, alarm button, (in the street) fire-fighting water crane, the mechanical smoke extraction facility, the elevated tank chamber, fire protection control room, temperature sensor, pressure transducer, dangerous warning sign, boiler, the container or the tank body of storage dangerous chemicals, gas mask, respirator, biochemical defence suit, nuclear facilities, military applications, weapon, fireworks and firecrackers, explosive, test is with holding various germs, the vessel of bacteria sample or biochemical reagents, transformer, floor indicator, evacuate and use stair, the remote activation pump, the turning, corridor, emergency light, monitoring camera, biochemical defence suit, various important security protection facility in country's people's air defense or the national defence and the security protection facility in other confined space.

Specific implementation method of the present invention is an example with the fire protection patrol field, and its allomeric function introduction that is applied to " fire-fighting field rescue aid decision-making system " is (in conjunction with application process shown in Figure 2 (program) process flow diagram):

One, set up the fire information database, promote fire supervision inspection and management level, the security against fire system is implemented in compacting fire prevention element task, builds the permanent mechanism platform of management of fire safety;

" fire-fighting field rescue aid decision-making system " sets up the security against fire information bank for Key Unit of Fire Safety, draw two, three-dimensional information figure, fire control facility, safety is dredged passage and is laid electronics positioning label (read the location identifier for fire-fighting the availability prompting is provided) in the buildings, according to every standard and the responsibility in " fire supervision inspection ", for the fire information of fire-fighting key unit provides inquiry, audit function, make the management of fire-fighting key unit realize electronic information, this system is with facility, fast, the information service mode of timeliness, made things convenient for fire-fighting work current check, improve the quality that fire supervision is checked, strengthened the management of fire safety ability of key unit self.

Especially in production safety management, " fire-fighting field rescue aid decision-making system " collected the inner essential information of Key Unit of Fire Safety and carried out effective combing, determine information such as peripheral urban operating mechanism, relief goods and all kinds of related resource, manpower, for production safety management department provides concrete, full and accurate, reliable data, provide decision support for the field rescue commander simultaneously.

Two, perfect inspection function, real-time data feedback, hidden danger is followed the tracks of timely, realizes that hidden danger is in time found, rectification in time, in time eliminates; The internal institution personnel of patrolling and examining can use this system that fire fighting equipment, facility in the buildings are checked, and in time will check data inputs, are stored in the database, are transferred to fire supervision administrative authority simultaneously.

1, the equipment of patrolling and examining that provides of each key unit's security against fire person's using system, when being checked through fire fighting device, the current fire fighting device information acquisition of checkout facility screen display interface needs security against fire person to fill in fire fighting device information, realizes whether internal institution supervision and check security against fire person does one's duty;

2, patrol and examine fire fighting device normal data comparison in data and the database, system database carries out highlighted demonstration to the data that do not meet code requirement, and the fault that fire fighting device exists in the prompting buildings is convenient in time find and solve hidden danger;

3, security against fire person liable and custodian and fire-fighting are specially done the subsystem " Tianshan District Key Unit of Fire Safety current check inquiry system " of directly logining native system and are checked our unit's fire-fighting check day count off certificate in the Key Unit of Fire Safety, whether retrieval our unit fire fighting device exists hidden danger, can information according to system suggestion in time rectify and improve;

4, each Key Unit of Fire Safety fire-fighting check day count off certificate of area under one's jurisdiction is checked by " Tianshan District Key Unit of Fire Safety current check management system " by fire-fighting group and local each fire brigade, fire-fighting group carries out real-time follow-up to data, in time find disaster hidden-trouble, help the unit in building, place to rectify and improve, eliminate disaster hidden-trouble.

Claims (5)

1. an equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system is characterized in that: be made up of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3), RFID tag reader module (2) and central server (4);
The interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of described hand-hold wireless (3) can read passive RFID tags (1) chip by RFID tag reader module (2) and stores relevant security protection equipment, facility uses information and position information thereof, passive RFID tags (1) correspondence is packed in each security protection equipment in the indoor or outdoors or the underground space, on the facility, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) can be with the relevant security protection equipment that gets from passive RFID tags (1) induction feedback, facility uses information and position information thereof and manually detects this relevant device, the information of facility is presented on the display screen of the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) and shows, and is uploaded to central server (4) database automatically and is preserved and management by central server (4) by dual-mode antenna is wireless.
2. equipment according to claim 1, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system is characterized in that: the radio communication protocol standard that interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) and central server (4) are connected is TD-SCDMA, TD-LTE or Zigbee or WiMax or GPRS.
3. the application process of an equipment, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, comprise be installed on above-mentioned central server (4) but in typing but the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of three-dimension GIS, 3 d modeling system, communication system, computer system, hand-hold wireless (3) and the RFID tag read-write equipment of the virtual modeling of 3D of the two-dimension GIS of this area planimetric coordinates map or typing architectural entity are arranged, it is characterized in that:
A, be positioned at confined space or all relevant security protection equipment in the open in advance, fix a passive RFID tags (1) on the facility respectively, utilize 3 d modeling system to the complete corresponding proportional three-dimensional geometry body that can on the computer system display, present that is depicted as of spatial structure of confined space that lays passive RFID tags (1) or be about to lay each real independent completion of passive RFID tags (1) with solid, use the RFID tag read-write equipment that cloth is put in security protection equipment in each confined space, passive RFID tags on the facility (1) typing respectively immobilizes, unique identifier number, and simultaneously or can optionally write this security protection equipment of its chip-stored to each passive RFID tags (1), facility position information with write corresponding relevant this security protection equipment respectively to being fixed in passive RFID tags (1) on this security protection facility, the use information of facility and position information thereof, with said fixing at each security protection equipment, the identifier number that all has been written into passive RFID tags (1) on the facility duplicates, gather, the discrete series of compilation formation system is to make up the label information table corresponding to all passive RFID tags (1);
Each is fixed in the use information of relevant this security protection equipment that passive RFID tags (1) on security protection equipment, the facility contains, facility and position information typing thereof and the corresponding label information table of its identifier number or will with identifier number in this label information table by the corresponding relevant security protection equipment that is connected of chain program, the use information of facility and the use information table input database that position information is constituted thereof; The identifier number of each passive RFID tags of correspondence (1) of every cover label information table stored invented virtual identifying and demarcated on the corresponding virtual location of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space, the place virtual location of each virtual identifying in three-dimensional geometry body is corresponding consistent with the real marking position of true passive RFID tags (1) in real enclosure space body corresponding to this virtual identifying, described label information table and/or above-mentioned use information table, the set that each confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body constitutes is by the data base administration and the typing GIS of computer system; With the geographic coordinate of the three-dimensional geometry body of each confined space by virtual tag on GIS corresponding digital virtual map, the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body on GIS numeral virtual map is corresponding consistent with the physical location real of living in of each confined space; With each virtual identifying of every cover label information table by virtual tag in the three-dimensional geometry with virtual geographic position corresponding to the same, real position on;
Central server (4) or computer system from database, access corresponding true passive RFID tags (1) the position information that links with a certain virtual identifying and/or with by the relevant security protection equipment of this true passive RFID tags (1) institute mark, the use information of facility and position information thereof, and access the geographic location of the corresponding true confined space that links according to the virtual geographic coordinate of each confined space three-dimensional geometry body with it, geographic position with confined space, the locus of the true passive RFID tags (1) in this confined space and relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position information thereof show on the display of computer system with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing, with each security protection equipment, relevant operation parameter numbering in the facility description of product information is duplicated, gather, the security parameter threshold range standard scale of compilation formation system, and with security parameter threshold range standard scale typing central server (4) and/or computer system, and or can be optionally with the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of its typing hand-hold wireless (3);
The three-dimensional geometry body of institute's construction and GIS form confined space location recognition system in above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table, security parameter threshold range standard scale, all confined spaces;
Described computer system also can with above-mentioned label information table and/or use information table data, security parameter threshold range standard scale, constitute each confined space three-dimensional geometry body data upload to central server (4), so that backup and upgrade central server (4) database at any time and download database after being upgraded by central server (4) by wireless Internet;
B, during daily patrolling and examining, each routine personnel of patrolling and examining carries the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) and patrols and examines or enter this confined space in the open and patrol and examine, patrol and examine the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of the entrained hand-hold wireless of personnel (3) with routine and pass through RFID tag reader module (2) but the passive RFID tags (1) of module induction energy and its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance, and from can with wireless identification code and the security protection equipment that reads its storage the passive RFID tags (1) of its generation microwave section electromagnetic wave mutual inductance, the use information of facility and position information thereof, central server (4) utilizes confined space location recognition system, and just passive RFID tags (1) identification code of being stored and the label information table in computer system or central server (4) database are compared, search out and this identifier number corresponding virtual sign from label information table, and or can optionally pick out the relevant security protection equipment corresponding from using the information table medium chain with this identification code according to this identifier number, the use information of facility and position information thereof, confined space location recognition system according to this virtual identifying access with in be provided with this virtual identifying to three-dimensional modeling structure body that should confined space, by chain program will with this virtual identifying corresponding identification numbering and the position information that passive RFID tags (1) that should identifier number is stored, relevant security protection equipment, the use information of facility and position Info Link thereof are to this confined space three-dimensional modeling structure body on the corresponding virtual position, again by showing with 2 d plane picture or 3 dimensional drawing on the computer system display; The identification code and relevant security protection equipment of being stored in passive RFID tags (1) at radio receiving transmitting module that the personnel of patrolling and examining use the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3), the use information of facility and position information thereof and security protection equipment hand automated wireless sensing is collected and manually carry out the data to be tested that manual detection collects and be uploaded in the lump before or after the central server (4), the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) is then at first corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale relatively with these data to be tested, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined, the interconnected safety patrol inspection instrument of hand-hold wireless (3) carries out sound and/or light alarm by its display screen and/or loudspeaker, the supplemental characteristic described to be detected that central server (4) or computer system will receive is corresponding with security parameter threshold range standard scale in the database once more relatively, if a certain supplemental characteristic to be detected exceeds the corresponding threshold range of security parameter threshold range standard scale defined and do not receive this security protection equipment yet in limiting time, facility arranged parameter detected once more behind the barrier or this security protection equipment of receiving arranged barrier after detected parameter still exceed security parameter threshold range standard scale, central server (4) or computer system then write down above-mentioned judged result is formed and patrol and examine the daily record input database, online instant alarming or be chosen in the limiting time of deserving in the future, making it patrol and examine daily record, is carried out sound and/or light and reports to the police when accessing by GIS by automatic or manual;
Described microwave section electromagnetic wave is that frequency is in the electromagnetic wave between the 300MHz-3GHz.
4. the application process of equipment according to claim 3, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system, it is characterized in that: in above-mentioned steps A or step B, confined space also can by lay in advance the reflection of electromagnetic wave ball that can reflect the radio carrier signal or reflection of electromagnetic wave plate with realize relay, trunking traffic by it or transmit signals to by the underground communication system rest on the ground or the water surface on computer system.
5. the application process of equipment according to claim 4, facility safety check intelligent patrol detection operating system is characterized in that: the uniform layer of metal skin that is provided with on its ectosphere wall of described reflection of electromagnetic wave ball; The also uniform layer of metal skin that is provided with on the work wall of described its reflection electromagnetic wave of reflection of electromagnetic wave plate.
CN 201110029779 2011-01-26 2011-01-26 Equipment and facility safety inspection intelligent patrolling operation system and application method thereof CN102176252B (en)

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