CN102122423A - Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device and mud-rock flow monitoring method - Google Patents

Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device and mud-rock flow monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102122423A
CN102122423A CN 201110009798 CN201110009798A CN102122423A CN 102122423 A CN102122423 A CN 102122423A CN 201110009798 CN201110009798 CN 201110009798 CN 201110009798 A CN201110009798 A CN 201110009798A CN 102122423 A CN102122423 A CN 102122423A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sensor
flow monitoring
data
limit value
mud
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CN 201110009798
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102122423B (en
Inventor
殷跃平
曹修定
任晨虹
吴悦
杨卓静
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中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心
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Priority to CN 201110009798 priority Critical patent/CN102122423B/en
Publication of CN102122423A publication Critical patent/CN102122423A/en
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Publication of CN102122423B publication Critical patent/CN102122423B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a mud-rock flow monitoring method. A main machine is arranged in a safe place near a mud-rock flow hazardous body, and smart sensors are arranged at various monitored sites of the mud-rock flow hazardous body. When earthquake sound vibration signals received by the smart sensors exceed the preset upper trigger threshold value, the earthquake sound vibration signals are collected, displayed and stored. The invention also discloses a mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device. The mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device can record data generated by a mud-rock flow so as to conveniently analyze the mechanism of the mud-rock flow. Because the collected signals are digitalized at a front end, the main machine receives digital signals, and the problem that analog signals are easy to be mixed with noises in a long-distance collection and transmission process is effectively solved. Moreover, through triggering by a preset upper trigger threshold value and ending by a preset lower trigger threshold value, a certain quantity of data is collected and stored, and invalid data is prevented from occupying a limited space.

Description

A kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device and rubble flow monitoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the rubble flow monitoring technical field, particularly relate to a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device and rubble flow monitoring method.
Background technology
At present, China mainly is divided into manual patrol inspection and rubble flow alarm to sudden rubble flow monitoring and warning technology.Manual patrol is patrolled since nineteen ninety-eight, and more than 700 of mud-stone flow disaster successfully dodged altogether in the whole nation, in time shifted nearly million people, played due effect.But its weakness is that the monitoring, alarming technical method is relatively backward, may miss the hazard forecasting chance under inclement weather and IFR conditions, causes very big hidden danger; The personnel that make an inspection tour inspection are in the scene in addition, and life itself just has very big danger, and the discovery dangerous situation can not in time be notified the disaster area resident, and rubble flow is carried out monitoring and warning, guarantees rubble flow downstream villages and small towns resident's the security of the lives and property.
Existing rubble flow alarm can be reported to the police automatically according to preset threshold, solved the problem of timely warning and monitoring personnel personal safety, but this rubble flow alarm can only send alerting signal in real time, and the data that can't write down the rubble flow generation are so that analyze the mechanism of rubble flow.
Summary of the invention
The problem to be solved in the present invention provides a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device and rubble flow monitoring method, can't write down data that rubble flow produces in the prior art so that the defective that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed to overcome.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention provides a kind of rubble flow monitoring method, said method comprising the steps of:
A, data acquisition parameters is set, described data acquisition parameters comprises the trigger gate limit value;
B, main frame is laid near the safe part mud-stone flow disaster body, intellectualized sensor is laid in mud-stone flow disaster body measured point everywhere;
C, receive the earthquake sounds vibration signal of described measured point by described intellectualized sensor;
D, judge that whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the described trigger gate limit value of going up, if then change step e, otherwise change step C;
E, collection, demonstration are also stored described earthquake sounds vibration signal, and described earthquake sounds vibration signal comprises amplitude and frequency.
Wherein, in described steps A, the described scope that goes up the trigger gate limit value is 0x7FFF~0xFFF.
Wherein, in described steps A, described data acquisition parameters also comprises sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length, and the scope of described sensor internal enlargement factor is 0~99, and the scope of described sweep frequency is 0~0xFF.
Wherein, described intellectualized sensor is embedded in the described measured point soil body below 10 centimetres.
Wherein, in described step e, also comprise and send alerting signal.
Wherein, in described steps A, described data acquisition parameters also comprises trigger gate limit value down, and the described scope of trigger gate limit value down is 0~0x7FF; After described step e, also comprise: judge whether the earthquake sounds vibration signal that receives is lower than described trigger gate limit value down, if then finish collection, demonstration and the storage of described earthquake sounds vibration signal.
Technical scheme of the present invention also provides a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device, and described device comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point;
Described main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and described main frame communicates by described sensor interface and described intellectualized sensor;
Described circuit board comprises LCD (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD) plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit, described LCD plate and data storage plate are with SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface, Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)) interface interconnects, and described host power supply circuit is described main frame power supply;
Described LCD plate interconnects composition by first processor, EEROM (Electronically Erasable Read-Only Memory, electrically erasable read-only memory) storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit; Described data storage plate interconnects composition by second processor, real-time clock module, SD (Secure Digital Card, safe digital card) card module, RS485 module;
The described first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Described parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and described data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Described judging unit is used to judge whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses described upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than described trigger gate limit value down, and described main frame begins to gather or finish to gather described earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of described judging unit;
Described intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and described intellectualized sensor communicates by described sensor interface and described main frame;
Described governor circuit comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming by the RS232 serial ports, realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies, realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor, be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of described intellectualized sensor power supply; Described shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.
Wherein, described LCD plate receives two paths of data by A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data by C road RS485 module; Described data storage plate arrives the SD card with this three tunnel data storage that receives; Described LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data by described LCD display module in the waveform mode.
Wherein, described device also comprises alarm unit, is used for sending when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value alerting signal.
Wherein, described power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC power.
Compared with prior art, technical scheme of the present invention has following advantage:
The present invention can write down the data of rubble flow generation so that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed, because the signal of gathering has been carried out digitized processing at front end, what main frame received is digital signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is easily infiltrated noise in the remote capture transmission course problem; And the present invention triggers by default last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and to the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the top panel synoptic diagram of main frame of a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the circuit theory diagrams of main frame of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of LCD plate of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the circuit diagram of data storage plate of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of intellectualized sensor of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the process flow diagram of a kind of rubble flow monitoring method of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is provided with the interface synoptic diagram for the parameter of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the keypad interface synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the time adjustment interface synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the display interface synoptic diagram of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of the embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of present embodiment comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point.Described main frame is with 8 FREESCALE processor MC9S08QE128, RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, keyboard interface, LCD display, SD card combined system core; Intellectualized sensor is with 8 FREESCALE processor MC9S08QE128, RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, amplifier AD762, digital regulation resistance AD5259, shake string formula sensitive element combined system core.
The top panel synoptic diagram of described main frame comprises 12,3 pilot lamp 13 of 11,16 buttons of LCD display and power interface 14 as shown in Figure 1.LCD display 11 shows the ground acoustic wave form of gathering; 16 buttons 12 are used to be provided with the various mode of operations of main frame; 3 pilot lamp 13 comprise pilot lamp L1, pilot lamp L2, pilot lamp L3, show each passage duty respectively, and flicker expression data are in transmission state; Power interface 14 is used to connect the 220V alternating current.In addition, the front panel of described main frame is provided with 4 Φ 15 plugs, and 3 connect intellectualized sensor, and 1 BDM plug connects the processor debugging line, and expansion was used after reservation was done; The rear panel of described main frame is provided with the SD card and is used to assign the SD storage card, supports hot plug, and the 12V power interface is used for to the instrument power supply, and charging inlet is used for to the integrated battery charge of instrument internal.
Wherein, the function of the part button in the described button is as shown in table 1.
Table 1
Described main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and described main frame communicates by described sensor interface and described intellectualized sensor; Described circuit board comprises LCD plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit, described LCD plate and data storage plate interconnect with the SPI interface, described host power supply circuit is described main frame power supply, and described power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC power.Described LCD plate receives two paths of data by A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data by C road RS485 module; Described data storage plate arrives the SD card with this three tunnel data storage that receives; Described LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data by described LCD display module in the waveform mode.The circuit theory diagrams of described main frame as shown in Figure 2.In addition, described main frame also comprises alarm unit, is used for sending when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value alerting signal.
Described LCD plate is interconnected and is formed by first processor, EEROM storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit.Described data storage plate is interconnected and is formed by second processor, real-time clock module, SD card module, RS485 module.
The described first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Described parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and described data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Described judging unit is used to judge whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses described upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than described trigger gate limit value down, and described main frame begins to gather or finish to gather described earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of described judging unit;
The circuit theory diagrams of described LCD plate as shown in Figure 3, with reference to Fig. 3, A partly is the interface specification of MC9S08QE128 processor; B partly is the power supply of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device, is responsible for the power supply of main frame and front end intellectualized sensor; E, D partly are A, B data channel RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, receive the data of A, B intellectualized sensor by them; G partly is the circuit of debugging and programming MC9S08QE128 processor program; I partly is real-time clock and program parameter configuration circuit; U partly is the LCD display driver circuit; K partly is the keyboard drive circuit.
The circuit theory diagrams of described data storage plate as shown in Figure 4, with reference to Fig. 4, IC4 is the interface specification of MC9S08QE128 processor; IC2 is C data channel RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, receives the data of C intellectualized sensor by it; JP1 is the interface that connects the SD card, the data that are used to store three roads; IC3 is a real-time clock, is used to charge to the time of storage data.
Described intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and described intellectualized sensor communicates by described sensor interface and described main frame.Described governor circuit comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming by the RS232 serial ports, realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies, realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor, be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of described intellectualized sensor power supply; Described shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.The circuit theory diagrams of described intellectualized sensor with reference to Fig. 5, comprise two MC9S08QE128 processors, an analog to digital converter, an amplifier, a digital regulation resistance, a RS485 driving circuit, a sensitive element as shown in Figure 5 on the circuit board; Sensitive element is shake string formula, be responsible for picking up the ground acoustical signal, the earthquake sounds vibration signal is converted into voltage signal, AD762 is put into signal by amplifier, analog to digital converter is integrated among the MCU1 processor MC9S08QE128, be responsible for the earthquake sounds analog signal digital, MCU1 also is responsible for regulating enlargement factor by IIC interface control figure potentiometer AD5259, by the RS232 serial ports data are sent among another MCU2 processor MC9S08QE128, MCU2 arrives main frame to data transmission by RS485 driving circuit MAX3082.
Rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention can connect three road intellectualized sensors, when the area laying takes place in mud-stone flow disaster, intellectualized sensor is embedded in the disaster body soil body below 10 centimeters, bury compacting with soil, during the rock soil mass vibrations that cause as rubble flow, intellectualized sensor turns to voltage signal to the earthquake sounds signal digital, send into main frame by the RS485 bus, show in real time, store and report to the police in the waveform mode, for avoiding ground to disturb and artificial lead infringement, also imbed stube cable underground.In addition, rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention provides power supply by 220V AC power or 12V dc battery jar, connects different power supplys by different interfaces, also can adopt the solar panel power supply by adding cartridge controller 12V DC interface.And each electronic component of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of invention all should be according to the technical grade Standard Selection, and circuit board is followed under the principle of EMC and designed, to guarantee the reliability of system's operate as normal and work.
Rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, system works is reliable: the electronic component of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is according to the technical grade Standard Selection, and circuit board is followed under the principle of EMC and designed, and can guarantee the reliability of system's operate as normal and work.
2, antijamming capability is strong: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention has promptly carried out digitized processing to the signal of gathering at front end, what main frame received is digitized signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is easily infiltrated noise in the remote capture transmission course problem.
3, the valid data of Huo Deing are complete: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention triggers by default last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and carries out the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
4, Overall Power Consumption is low: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is supported sleep function, be in sleep state in the common time, externally trigger laggard line data collection and storage, enter sleep state again after finishing default task, greatly reduced power consumption.
5, power supply variation: the main frame of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is the 220V Alternating Current Power Supply directly, also can select for use the 12V power interface to power by solar panel.
Embodiment two
When adopting the described rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of embodiment one, the flow process of a kind of rubble flow monitoring method of the embodiment of the invention may further comprise the steps as shown in Figure 6:
Step s601 is provided with data acquisition parameters.Described data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; The described scope that goes up the trigger gate limit value is 0x7FFF~0xFFF, and the described scope of trigger gate limit value down is 0~0x7FF, and the scope of described sensor internal enlargement factor is 0~99, and the scope of described sweep frequency is 0~0xFF.
In the present embodiment, concrete method to set up is as follows:
At first enter parameter the interface be set, carry out following adjustment then by the F4 key, the synoptic diagram that its parameter is provided with the interface as shown in Figure 7:
(1) adjustment of sensor internal enlargement factor
Under parameter is provided with the interface, by " F1 " key, the interface is set by " F2 " key, the parameter that enters each sensor by " F3 " key, respectively, demonstration be keypad, this keypad interface synoptic diagram is as shown in Figure 8.
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M-〉E-〉Z-〉1-〉Y-〉4 adjusted value-Y-〉0-〉R-〉E-〉9-〉Y, can adjust the inside enlargement factor of sensor.Detailed step is as follows:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' Z ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if adjust enlargement factor to 32.Choose ' 0 ',, choose ' 3 ' again,, choose ' 2 ' at last, by " affirmation " key by " affirmation " key by twice " affirmation " key.The scope of the sensor internal enlargement factor of importing on main frame is 0~99.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX?/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?ReadAD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace?Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the inside enlargement factor of sensor is revised successfully.
(2) calibration of system time
Under parameter was provided with the interface, by " correction time " key, entry time was proofreaied and correct the interface, and this time adjustment interface synoptic diagram as shown in Figure 9.
Under the time adjustment interface, can select year, month, day, hour, min, second, " affirmation ", " returning " respectively by " 0 " key, the anti-white demonstration of the meeting of choosing, click " 1 " key, the time value of choosing can reduce 1, clicks " 2 " key, and the time value of choosing can increase by 1.After choosing " affirmation ", by " affirmation " key, system time can be adjusted to the current adjusted time, chooses " returning " by " 0 " key, turns back to the parameter adjustment interface of sensor by " affirmation " key.
(3) adjustment of trigger gate limit value
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M-〉E-〉Y-〉1-〉Y-〉4 adjusted value-Y-〉0-〉R-〉E-〉9-〉Y, can adjust the last trigger gate limit value of sensor; Sequentially by following button: M-〉E-〉Y-〉2-〉Y-〉4 adjusted value-Y-〉0-〉R-〉E-〉9-〉Y, can adjust the following trigger gate limit value of sensor.The detailed step of adjusting trigger gate limit value on the sensor is as follows:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
...>>Max/Min?Set<<....
1-Input?Mix?Value
2-Input?Min?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if last triggering thresholding is adjusted to 0xEC0 (16 system).Choose ' 0 ',, choose then by " affirmation " key ' E ', by " affirmation " key, choose again ' C ', by " affirmation " key, choose ' 0 ' at last, by " affirmation " key.The numerical range of waveform is 0~0x0FFF, and central point is at 0x7FFF.The scope of last triggering thresholding is 0x7FFF~0xFFF; The scope that triggers thresholding down is 0~0x7FF.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace?Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the last trigger gate limit value of sensor is revised successfully.
(4) adjustment of sweep frequency
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M-〉E-〉Y-〉1-〉Y-〉4 adjusted value-Y-〉0-〉R-〉E-〉9-〉Y, can adjust the sweep frequency of sensor.The detailed step of adjusting the sensor scan frequency is as follows:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' X ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
..>Scan?Frequency?Set<..
1-Input?Frequency?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if sweep frequency is 0x32 (16 system).Choose ' 0 ',, choose ' 3 ' then,, choose ' 2 ' at last, press acknowledgement key by " affirmation " key by twice " affirmation " key.The scope of sweep frequency is 0~0xff.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication successfully there is no error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace.Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the sweep frequency of sensor is revised successfully.
Carry out data parameters when being provided with, noting following item:
1, when receiving the cable end of sensor on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer, earlier the power switch of rubble flow monitoring analyzer to be closed, connect again.
2, when adjusting the parameter of sensor, be not connected if will adjust the sensor of parameter with the rubble flow monitoring analyzer, open the power switch of rubble flow monitoring analyzer earlier, receive the cable end of sensor on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer this moment again; Be connected on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer if will adjust the sensor of parameter, earlier the cable end of sensor to be pulled up from the rubble flow monitoring analyzer, as above operated again.
3, when the inside enlargement factor of adjusting sensor or trigger gate limit value, if send order failure ([] Input command error) or the communication error code is arranged, operation more preferably starts anew behind the power-off restarting.
Step s602 lays main frame and intellectualized sensor.Main frame is laid near the safe part mud-stone flow disaster body, intellectualized sensor is laid in mud-stone flow disaster body measured point everywhere, described intellectualized sensor is embedded in the described measured point soil body below 10 centimetres.The scene has the 220V alternating current then can be connected in the supply socket, does not have alternating current then to be connected on storage battery so that electric power to be provided, if the on-the-spot storage battery inconvenience of changing then can connect solar panels so that charging on storage battery by the 12V interface.
Step s603 receives the earthquake sounds vibration signal of described measured point by described intellectualized sensor.
Step s604 judges whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the described trigger gate limit value of going up, if then change step s605, otherwise change step s603;
Step s605 sends alerting signal, gathers, shows and store described earthquake sounds vibration signal, and described earthquake sounds vibration signal comprises amplitude and frequency.
The display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal as shown in figure 10.Under the display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal, can reduce the triggering waveform display screen number of respective sensor by " 1 " key; Can increase the triggering waveform display screen number of respective sensor by " 2 " key; Can reduce the outside enlargement factor of respective sensor by " 4 " key; Can increase the outside enlargement factor of respective sensor by " 5 " key.
In the display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal, m is a seeker, AAAA is last trigger gate limit value, BBBB is following trigger gate limit value, and EE is for triggering waveform display screen number, and FF is the outside enlargement factor of probe, TX is respectively and represented the 1st passage, the 2nd passage, the 3rd passage at 1,2,3 o'clock respectively, when CC DD is No SD, represent not insert the SD card, represent that when CC DD is SD ok the SD card initialization is correct, when CC DD is SD XX, represent the incorrect or not format of SD card format.
Storage format during storage earthquake sounds vibration signal is as shown in table 2.
Table 2
The byte sequence number The expression content
0~3 Sector number
4 Sectors type (0: on; 1: down)
5 Keep
6~9 Data number
10 Year during sensor sample
11 Moon during sensor sample
12 Day during sensor sample
13 During sensor sample the time
14 Branch during sensor sample
15 Second during sensor sample
16~17 Free counter
18 ‘T’
19 Channel number
112~501 The sampled data of sensor
Next sector byte sequence number The expression content
0~3 Sector number
4 Sectors type (0: on; 1: down)
5 Keep
6~9 Data number
112~501 The sampled data of sensor
Step s606 judges whether the earthquake sounds vibration signal that receives is lower than described trigger gate limit value down, if then finish collection, demonstration and the storage of described earthquake sounds vibration signal.
Center signal value in the present embodiment under the side head static state is 0x7FF, and the scope of signal is 0~0x0FFF, when signal greater than last trigger gate in limited time, instrument just begins acquired signal, gather 512 data points after, display waveform on lcd screen.After the triggering, acquiescence shows 5 screen waveforms (5*48 data point), and the screen number of demonstration is adjustable.Under the waveform display screen, reduce to show length by 1 key, increase demonstration length by 2 keys, scope is 1~11 screen.
The present invention can write down the data of rubble flow generation so that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed, because the signal of gathering has been carried out digitized processing at front end, what main frame received is digital signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is easily infiltrated noise in the remote capture transmission course problem; And the present invention triggers by default last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and to the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a rubble flow monitoring method is characterized in that, said method comprising the steps of:
A, data acquisition parameters is set, described data acquisition parameters comprises the trigger gate limit value;
B, main frame is laid near the safe part mud-stone flow disaster body, intellectualized sensor is laid in mud-stone flow disaster body measured point everywhere;
C, receive the earthquake sounds vibration signal of described measured point by described intellectualized sensor;
D, judge that whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the described trigger gate limit value of going up, if then change step e, otherwise change step C;
E, collection, demonstration are also stored described earthquake sounds vibration signal, and described earthquake sounds vibration signal comprises amplitude and frequency.
2. rubble flow monitoring method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, in described steps A, the described scope that goes up the trigger gate limit value is 0x7FFF~0xFFF.
3. rubble flow monitoring method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described steps A, described data acquisition parameters also comprises sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length, the scope of described sensor internal enlargement factor is 0~99, and the scope of described sweep frequency is 0~0xFF.
4. rubble flow monitoring method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described intellectualized sensor is embedded in the described measured point soil body below 10 centimetres.
5. rubble flow monitoring method as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, in described step e, also comprises and sends alerting signal.
6. as each described rubble flow monitoring method of claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that in described steps A, described data acquisition parameters also comprises trigger gate limit value down, the described scope of trigger gate limit value down is 0~0x7FF;
After described step e, also comprise: judge whether the earthquake sounds vibration signal that receives is lower than described trigger gate limit value down, if then finish collection, demonstration and the storage of described earthquake sounds vibration signal.
7. a rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device is characterized in that, described device comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point;
Described main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and described main frame communicates by described sensor interface and described intellectualized sensor;
Described circuit board comprises LCD plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit, and described LCD plate and data storage plate interconnect with the SPI interface, and described host power supply circuit is described main frame power supply;
Described LCD plate is interconnected and is formed by first processor, EEROM storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit; Described data storage plate is interconnected and is formed by second processor, real-time clock module, SD card module, RS485 module;
The described first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Described parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and described data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Described judging unit is used to judge whether described earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses described upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than described trigger gate limit value down, and described main frame begins to gather or finish to gather described earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of described judging unit;
Described intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and described intellectualized sensor communicates by described sensor interface and described main frame;
Described governor circuit comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming by the RS232 serial ports, realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies, realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor, be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of described intellectualized sensor power supply; Described shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.
8. rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, described LCD plate receives two paths of data by A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data by C road RS485 module; Described data storage plate arrives the SD card with this three tunnel data storage that receives; Described LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data by described LCD display module in the waveform mode.
9. rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that described device also comprises alarm unit, is used for sending when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value alerting signal.
10. as each described rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of claim 7 to 9, it is characterized in that described power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC power.
CN 201110009798 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device CN102122423B (en)

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