CN102122423B - Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device - Google Patents

Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102122423B
CN102122423B CN 201110009798 CN201110009798A CN102122423B CN 102122423 B CN102122423 B CN 102122423B CN 201110009798 CN201110009798 CN 201110009798 CN 201110009798 A CN201110009798 A CN 201110009798A CN 102122423 B CN102122423 B CN 102122423B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sensor
data
module
warning
mud
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CN 201110009798
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102122423A (en
Inventor
殷跃平
曹修定
任晨虹
吴悦
杨卓静
Original Assignee
中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心
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Priority to CN 201110009798 priority Critical patent/CN102122423B/en
Publication of CN102122423A publication Critical patent/CN102122423A/en
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Publication of CN102122423B publication Critical patent/CN102122423B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a mud-rock flow monitoring method. A main machine is arranged in a safe place near a mud-rock flow hazardous body, and smart sensors are arranged at various monitored sites of the mud-rock flow hazardous body. When earthquake sound vibration signals received by the smart sensors exceed the preset upper trigger threshold value, the earthquake sound vibration signals are collected, displayed and stored. The invention also discloses a mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device. The mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device can record data generated by a mud-rock flow so as to conveniently analyze the mechanism of the mud-rock flow. Because the collected signals are digitalized at a front end, the main machine receives digital signals, and the problem that analog signals are easy to be mixed with noises in a long-distance collection and transmission process is effectively solved. Moreover, through triggering by a preset upper trigger threshold value and ending by a preset lower trigger threshold value, a certain quantity of data is collected and stored, and invalid data is prevented from occupying a limited space.

Description

A kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device
Technical field
The present invention relates to the rubble flow monitoring technical field, particularly relate to a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device.
Background technology
At present, China mainly is divided into manual patrol inspection and rubble flow alarm to sudden rubble flow monitoring and warning technology.Manual patrol is patrolled since nineteen ninety-eight, and more than 700 of mud-stone flow disaster successfully dodged altogether in the whole nation, in time shifted nearly million people, played due effect.But its weakness is that the monitoring, alarming technical method is relatively backward, under inclement weather and IFR conditions, may miss the hazard forecasting chance, causes very big hidden danger; The personnel that make an inspection tour inspection in addition are in the scene, and life itself just has very big danger, and the discovery dangerous situation can not in time be notified the disaster area resident, and rubble flow is carried out monitoring and warning, guarantees rubble flow downstream villages and small towns resident's the security of the lives and property.
Existing rubble flow alarm can be reported to the police according to preset threshold automatically; Solved the problem of timely warning and monitoring personnel personal safety; But this rubble flow alarm can only send alerting signal in real time, and the data that can't write down the rubble flow generation are so that analyze the mechanism of rubble flow.
Summary of the invention
The problem that the present invention will solve provides a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device, can't write down data that rubble flow produces in the prior art so that the defective that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed to overcome.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention provides a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device, and said device comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point;
Said main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and said main frame communicates through said sensor interface and said intellectualized sensor;
Said circuit board comprises LCD (Liquid Crystal Display; LCD) plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit; Said LCD plate and data storage plate are with SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface; Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI)) interface interconnects, and said host power supply circuit is said main frame power supply;
Said LCD plate interconnects composition by first processor, EEROM (Electronically Erasable Read-Only Memory, electrically erasable read-only memory) storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit; Said data storage plate interconnects composition by second processor, real-time clock module, SD (Secure Digital Card, safe digital card) card module, RS485 module;
The said first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Said parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and said data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Said judging unit is used to judge whether said earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses said upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than said trigger gate limit value down, and said main frame begins to gather or finish to gather said earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of said judging unit;
Said intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and said intellectualized sensor communicates through said sensor interface and said main frame;
Said built-in main control board comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming through the RS232 serial ports; Realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies; Realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor; Be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of said intellectualized sensor power supply; Said shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.
Wherein, said LCD plate receives two paths of data through A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data through C road RS485 module; Said data storage plate arrives the SD card with the data storage of these three tunnel receptions; Said LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data through said LCD display module with the waveform mode.
Wherein, said device also comprises alarm unit, is used for when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value, sending alerting signal.
Wherein, said power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC powers.
Compared with prior art, technical scheme of the present invention has following advantage:
The present invention can write down the data of rubble flow generation so that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed; Because the signal to gathering has carried out digitized processing at front end; What main frame received is digital signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is prone to infiltrate noise in the remote capture transmission course problem; And the present invention triggers through preset last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and to the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the top panel synoptic diagram of main frame of a kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the circuit theory diagrams of main frame of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of LCD plate of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the circuit diagram of data storage plate of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the circuit diagram of intellectualized sensor of the rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the process flow diagram of a kind of rubble flow monitoring method of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is provided with the interface synoptic diagram for the parameter of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the keypad interface synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the time adjustment interface synoptic diagram of the embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the display interface synoptic diagram of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of the embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, specific embodiments of the invention describes in further detail.Following examples are used to explain the present invention, but are not used for limiting scope of the present invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of present embodiment comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point.Said main frame is with 8 FREESCALE processor MC9S08QE128, RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, keyboard interface, LCD display, SD card combined system core; Intellectualized sensor is with 8 FREESCALE processor MC9S08QE128, RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, amplifier AD762, digital regulation resistance AD5259, shake string formula sensitive element combined system core.
The top panel synoptic diagram of said main frame is as shown in Figure 1, comprises 12,3 pilot lamp 13 of 11,16 buttons of LCD display and power interface 14.LCD display 11 shows the ground acoustic wave form of gathering; 16 buttons 12 are used to be provided with the various mode of operations of main frame; 3 pilot lamp 13 comprise pilot lamp L1, pilot lamp L2, pilot lamp L3, show each passage duty respectively, and flicker expression data are in transmission state; Power interface 14 is used to connect the 220V alternating current.In addition, the front panel of said main frame is provided with 4 Φ 15 plugs, and 3 connect intellectualized sensor, and 1 BDM plug connects the processor debugging line, and expansion was used after reservation was done; The rear panel of said main frame is provided with the SD card and is used to assign the SD storage card, supports hot plug, and the 12V power interface is used for to the instrument power supply, and charging inlet is used for to the integrated battery charge of instrument internal.
Wherein, the function of the part button in the said button is as shown in table 1.
Table 1
Said main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and said main frame communicates through said sensor interface and said intellectualized sensor; Said circuit board comprises LCD plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit; Said LCD plate and data storage plate interconnect with the SPI interface; Said host power supply circuit is said main frame power supply, and said power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC powers.Said LCD plate receives two paths of data through A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data through C road RS485 module; Said data storage plate arrives the SD card with the data storage of these three tunnel receptions; Said LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data through said LCD display module with the waveform mode.The circuit theory diagrams of said main frame are as shown in Figure 2.In addition, said main frame also comprises alarm unit, is used for when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value, sending alerting signal.
Said LCD plate is interconnected and is formed by first processor, EEROM storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit.Said data storage plate is interconnected and is formed by second processor, real-time clock module, SD card module, RS485 module.
The said first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Said parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and said data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Said judging unit is used to judge whether said earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses said upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than said trigger gate limit value down, and said main frame begins to gather or finish to gather said earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of said judging unit;
The circuit theory diagrams of said LCD plate are as shown in Figure 3, and with reference to Fig. 3, A partly is the interface specification of MC9S08QE128 processor; B partly is the power supply of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device, is responsible for the power supply of main frame and front end intellectualized sensor; E, D partly are A, B data channel RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, receive the data of A, B intellectualized sensor through them; G partly is the circuit of debugging and programming MC9S08QE128 processor program; I partly is real-time clock and program parameter configuration circuit; U partly is the LCD display driver circuit; K partly is the keyboard drive circuit.
The circuit theory diagrams of said data storage plate are as shown in Figure 4, and with reference to Fig. 4, IC4 is the interface specification of MC9S08QE128 processor; IC2 is C data channel RS485 driving circuit MAX3082, receives the data of C intellectualized sensor through it; JP1 is the interface that connects the SD card, the data that are used to store three roads; IC3 is a real-time clock, is used to charge to the time of storage data.
Said intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and said intellectualized sensor communicates through said sensor interface and said main frame.Said governor circuit comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming through the RS232 serial ports; Realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies; Realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor; Be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of said intellectualized sensor power supply; Said shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.The circuit theory diagrams of said intellectualized sensor are as shown in Figure 5, with reference to Fig. 5, comprise two MC9S08QE128 processors, an analog to digital converter, an amplifier, a digital regulation resistance, a RS485 driving circuit, a sensitive element on the circuit board; Sensitive element is shake string formula; Be responsible for picking up the ground acoustical signal; The earthquake sounds vibration signal is converted into voltage signal, and AD762 is put into signal through amplifier, and analog to digital converter is integrated among the MCU1 processor MC9S08QE128; Be responsible for the earthquake sounds analog signal digital; MCU1 also is responsible for regulating enlargement factor through IIC interface control figure potentiometer AD5259, sends data among another MCU2 processor MC9S08QE128 to through the RS232 serial ports, and MCU2 arrives main frame to data transmission through RS485 driving circuit MAX3082.
Rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention can connect three road intellectualized sensors; When the area laying took place mud-stone flow disaster, intellectualized sensor was embedded in the disaster body soil body below 10 centimeters, buries compacting with soil; During the rock soil mass vibrations that cause as rubble flow; Intellectualized sensor turns to voltage signal to the earthquake sounds signal digital, sends into main frame through the RS485 bus, shows in real time, stores and report to the police with the waveform mode; For avoiding ground to disturb and artificial lead infringement, also imbed stube cable underground.In addition, rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention provides power supply by 220V AC power or 12V dc battery jar, connects different power supplys through different interfaces, also can adopt the solar panel power supply through adding cartridge controller 12V DC interface.And each electronic component of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of invention all should be according to the technical grade Standard Selection, and circuit board is followed under the principle of EMC and designed, to guarantee the reliability of system's operate as normal and work.
Rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention has the following advantages:
1, system works is reliable: the electronic component of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is according to the technical grade Standard Selection, and circuit board is followed under the principle of EMC and designed, and can guarantee the reliability of system's operate as normal and work.
2, antijamming capability is strong: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention has promptly carried out digitized processing to the signal of gathering at front end; What main frame received is digitized signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is prone to infiltrate noise in the remote capture transmission course problem.
3, the valid data that obtain are complete: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention triggers through preset last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and carries out the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
4, Overall Power Consumption is low: rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is supported sleep function; Be in sleep state in the common time; Externally trigger laggard line data collection and storage, get into sleep state again after the task that completion is preset, greatly reduced power consumption.
5, power supply variation: the main frame of rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of the present invention is the 220V Alternating Current Power Supply directly, also can select for use the 12V power interface through the solar panel power supply.
Embodiment two
When adopting the described rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of embodiment one, the flow process of a kind of rubble flow monitoring method of the embodiment of the invention is as shown in Figure 6, may further comprise the steps:
Step s601 is provided with data acquisition parameters.Said data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; The said scope that goes up the trigger gate limit value is 0x7FFF~0xFFF, and the said scope of trigger gate limit value down is 0~0x7FF, and the scope of said sensor internal enlargement factor is 0~99, and the scope of said sweep frequency is 0~0xFF.
In the present embodiment, concrete method to set up is following:
At first get into parameter by the F4 key interface is set, carry out following adjustment then, it is as shown in Figure 7 that its parameter is provided with the synoptic diagram at interface:
(1) adjustment of sensor internal enlargement factor
Under parameter is provided with the interface, by " F1 " key, the interface is set by " F2 " key, the parameter that gets into each sensor by " F3 " key, respectively, demonstration be keypad, this keypad interface synoptic diagram is as shown in Figure 8.
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M->E->Z->1->Y->4 adjusted value-Y->0->R->E->9->Y, can adjust the inside enlargement factor of sensor.Detailed step is following:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' Z ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if adjustment enlargement factor to 32.Choose ' 0 ',, choose ' 3 ' again,, choose ' 2 ' at last, by " affirmation " key by " affirmation " key by twice " affirmation " key.The scope of the sensor internal enlargement factor of on main frame, importing is 0~99.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX?/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?ReadAD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace?Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the inside enlargement factor of sensor is revised successfully.
(2) calibration of system time
Under parameter was provided with the interface, by " correction time " key, entry time was proofreaied and correct the interface, and this time adjustment interface synoptic diagram is as shown in Figure 9.
Under the time adjustment interface, by " 0 " key can select respectively year, moon, day, the time, branch, second, " affirmation ", " returning ", the meeting of choosing is demonstration in vain instead; Click " 1 " key; The time value of choosing can reduce 1, clicks " 2 " key, and the time value of choosing can increase by 1.After choosing " affirmation ", by " affirmation " key, system time can be adjusted to the current adjusted time, chooses " returning " by " 0 " key, turns back to the parameter adjustment interface of sensor by " affirmation " key.
(3) adjustment of trigger gate limit value
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M->E->Y->1->Y->4 adjusted value-Y->0->R->E->9->Y, can adjust the last trigger gate limit value of sensor; Sequentially by following button: M->E->Y->2->Y->4 adjusted value-Y->0->R->E->9->Y, can adjust the following trigger gate limit value of sensor.The detailed step of trigger gate limit value is following on the adjustment sensor:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
...>>Max/Min?Set<<....
1-Input?Mix?Value
2-Input?Min?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if last triggering thresholding is adjusted to 0xEC0 (16 system).Choose ' 0 ',, choose then by " affirmation " key ' E ', by " affirmation " key, choose again ' C ', by " affirmation " key, choose ' 0 ' at last, by " affirmation " key.The numerical range of waveform is 0~0x0FFF, and central point is at 0x7FFF.The scope of last triggering thresholding is 0x7FFF~0xFFF; The scope that triggers thresholding down is 0~0x7FF.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace?Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the last trigger gate limit value of sensor is revised successfully.
(4) adjustment of sweep frequency
Under the keypad interface, sequentially by following button: M->E->Y->1->Y->4 adjusted value-Y->0->R->E->9->Y, can adjust the sweep frequency of sensor.The detailed step of adjustment sensor scan frequency is following:
The first step: choose ' M ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
Attention: sometimes, when sending " M " order for the first time, main frame LCD can show mess code, sends once more to get final product.
Second step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 3rd step: choose ' X ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
..>Scan?Frequency?Set<..
1-Input?Frequency?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 4th step: choose ' 1 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
\\Set?AD5259?Demarcate//
AD5259?Data?is:
xxxx
[]
Edit?Data?Value?Y/N?
The 5th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]Input?Value?4bits?HEX:
The 6th step: if sweep frequency is 0x32 (16 system).Choose ' 0 ',, choose ' 3 ' then,, choose ' 2 ' at last, press acknowledgement key by " affirmation " key by twice " affirmation " key.The scope of sweep frequency is 0~0xff.
Attention: input value is 4, and the benefit in front 0 that less than is 4 is gathered together enough 4.
The 7th step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
[]
....\\Set?AD5259/....
1-Input?AD5259?Value
D-Display?Data
0-Return
The 8th step: choose ' 0 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 9th step: choose ' R ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
?Read?AD?Value
M?Menu
O?Turn?On?The?Sensor
F?Turn?Off?The?Sensor
*Step?Running
A?About?Us
E?Demarcate
The tenth step: choose ' E ', by " affirmation " key,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code:
..\\demarcate?program//..
X-Frequency?Set
Y-MAX/MIN?Trigger
Z-Scale?Amplify
8-Attribute
9-Prog?Data?to?IC
R-Return
The 11 step: choose ' 9 ',,, can show following content if communication does not successfully have error code by " affirmation " key:
[]
...\\Programme?IC//
Data?Replace.Select?Y?
The 12 step: choose ' Y ', by " affirmation " key, the sweep frequency of sensor is revised successfully.
Carry out data parameters when being provided with, noting following item:
1, when receiving the cable end of sensor on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer, earlier the power switch of rubble flow monitoring analyzer to be closed, connect again.
2, when the parameter of adjustment sensor, be not connected with the rubble flow monitoring analyzer if will adjust the sensor of parameter, open the power switch of rubble flow monitoring analyzer earlier, receive the cable end of sensor on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer this moment again; Be connected on the rubble flow monitoring analyzer if will adjust the sensor of parameter, earlier the cable end of sensor to be pulled up from the rubble flow monitoring analyzer, as above operated again.
3, when the inside enlargement factor of adjusting sensor or trigger gate limit value, if send order failure ([] Input command error) the communication error code is arranged perhaps, operation more preferably starts anew behind the power-off restarting.
Step s602 lays main frame and intellectualized sensor.Main frame is laid near the safe part mud-stone flow disaster body, intellectualized sensor is laid in mud-stone flow disaster body measured point everywhere, said intellectualized sensor is embedded in the said measured point soil body below 10 centimetres.The scene has the 220V alternating current then can be connected in the supply socket, does not have alternating current then to be connected on storage battery so that electric power to be provided through the 12V interface, if the field replacement storage battery is inconvenient, then can on storage battery, connect solar panels so that charging.
Step s603 receives the earthquake sounds vibration signal of said measured point through said intellectualized sensor.
Step s604 judges whether said earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the said trigger gate limit value of going up, if then change step s605, otherwise change step s603;
Step s605 sends alerting signal, gathers, shows and store said earthquake sounds vibration signal, and said earthquake sounds vibration signal comprises amplitude and frequency.
The display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal is shown in figure 10.Under the display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal, can reduce the triggering waveform display screen number of respective sensor by " 1 " key; Can increase the triggering waveform display screen number of respective sensor by " 2 " key; Can reduce the outside enlargement factor of respective sensor by " 4 " key; Can increase the outside enlargement factor of respective sensor by " 5 " key.
In the display interface of earthquake sounds vibration signal, m is a seeker, and AAAA is last trigger gate limit value; BBBB is following trigger gate limit value, and EE is for triggering waveform display screen number, and FF is the outside enlargement factor of probe; TX is respectively and represented the 1st passage, the 2nd passage, the 3rd passage at 1,2,3 o'clock respectively; When CC DD is No SD, represent not insert the SD card, represent that when CC DD is SD ok the SD card initialization is correct, when CC DD is SD XX, represent the incorrect or not format of SD card format.
Storage format during storage earthquake sounds vibration signal is as shown in table 2.
Table 2
The byte sequence number The expression content
0~3 Sector number
4 Sectors type (0: on; 1: down)
5 Keep
6~9 Data number
10 Year during sensor sample
[0295]
11 Moon during sensor sample
12 Day during sensor sample
13 During sensor sample the time
14 Branch during sensor sample
15 Second during sensor sample
16~17 Free counter
18 ' T '
19 Channel number
112~501 The sampled data of sensor
Next sector byte sequence number The expression content
0~3 Sector number
4 Sectors type (0: on; 1: down)
5 Keep
6~9 Data number
112~501 The sampled data of sensor
Step s606 judges whether the earthquake sounds vibration signal that receives is lower than said trigger gate limit value down, if then finish collection, demonstration and the storage of said earthquake sounds vibration signal.
Center signal value in the present embodiment under the side head static state is 0x7FF, and the scope of signal is 0~0x0FFF, when signal greater than last trigger gate in limited time, instrument just begins acquired signal, gather 512 data points after, display waveform on lcd screen.After the triggering, acquiescence shows 5 screen waveforms (5*48 data points), and the screen number of demonstration is adjustable.Under the waveform display screen, reduce to show length by 1 key, increase demonstration length by 2 keys, scope is 1~11 screen.
The present invention can write down the data of rubble flow generation so that the mechanism of rubble flow is analyzed; Because the signal to gathering has carried out digitized processing at front end; What main frame received is digital signal, efficiently solves simulating signal is prone to infiltrate noise in the remote capture transmission course problem; And the present invention triggers through preset last trigger gate limit value and following trigger gate limit value finishes, and to the collection and the storage of some data, has avoided invalid data to take limited space.
The above only is a preferred implementation of the present invention; Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from know-why of the present invention; Can also make some improvement and retouching, these improvement and retouching also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device is characterized in that, said device comprises main frame and is used to receive the intellectualized sensor of the earthquake sounds vibration signal of mud-stone flow disaster body measured point;
Said main frame comprises cabinet, built-in circuit board and external sensor interface, and said main frame communicates through said sensor interface and said intellectualized sensor;
Said circuit board comprises LCD plate, data storage plate and host power supply circuit, and said LCD plate and data storage plate interconnect with the SPI interface, and said host power supply circuit is said main frame power supply;
Said LCD plate is interconnected and is formed by first processor, EEROM storer, real-time clock module, RS485 module, LCD display module, thin-film keyboard switch unit; Said data storage plate is interconnected and is formed by second processor, real-time clock module, SD card module, RS485 module;
The said first processor and second processor comprise parameter set unit and judging unit; Said parameter set unit is used to be provided with data acquisition parameters, and said data acquisition parameters comprises trigger gate limit value, following trigger gate limit value, sensor internal enlargement factor, system time, sweep frequency and demonstration length; Said judging unit is used to judge whether said earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses said upward trigger gate limit value or be not lower than said trigger gate limit value down, and said main frame begins to gather or finish to gather said earthquake sounds vibration signal according to the judged result of said judging unit;
Said intellectualized sensor comprises waterproof case, built-in main control board, external sensor interface and shake string formula sensitive element, and said intellectualized sensor communicates through said sensor interface and said main frame;
Said built-in main control board comprises by two processors and interconnects the CPU control module of forming through the RS232 serial ports; Realize the operational amplifier that signal amplifies; Realize the analog to digital converter of the data acquisition of voltage sensor; Be used to send the RS485 module of image data, be the power circuit of said intellectualized sensor power supply; Said shake string formula sensitive element is used to receive near amplitude and the frequency parameter of the earthquake sounds measured point that the rubble flow vibrations produce.
2. rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said LCD plate receives two paths of data through A, B two-way RS485 module, and the data storage plate receives the Third Road data through C road RS485 module; Said data storage plate arrives the SD card with the data storage of these three tunnel receptions; Said LCD plate shows this three circuit-switched data through said LCD display module with the waveform mode.
3. rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that said device also comprises alarm unit, is used for when the earthquake sounds vibration signal surpasses the trigger gate limit value, sending alerting signal.
4. like each described rubble flow monitoring analysis prior-warning device of claim 1 to 3, it is characterized in that said power circuit is connected or is connected with solar panel with 220 volts of AC powers.
CN 201110009798 2011-01-18 2011-01-18 Mud-rock flow monitoring, analyzing and early-warning device CN102122423B (en)

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