CN102049407A - Municipal bulk solid waste treatment industrial symbiotic system - Google Patents

Municipal bulk solid waste treatment industrial symbiotic system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102049407A
CN102049407A CN2010105525313A CN201010552531A CN102049407A CN 102049407 A CN102049407 A CN 102049407A CN 2010105525313 A CN2010105525313 A CN 2010105525313A CN 201010552531 A CN201010552531 A CN 201010552531A CN 102049407 A CN102049407 A CN 102049407A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
service area
treatment
derivatived fuel
garbage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2010105525313A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高亮
郝永俊
张曙光
张秀璋
董珂
董楠
刘彦博
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TAIDA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd TIANJIN
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TAIDA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd TIANJIN
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Application filed by TAIDA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd TIANJIN filed Critical TAIDA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION CO Ltd TIANJIN
Priority to CN2010105525313A priority Critical patent/CN102049407A/en
Publication of CN102049407A publication Critical patent/CN102049407A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a municipal bulk solid waste treatment industrial symbiotic system. The system is implemented by dividing a city into a classified collection service area, an incineration treatment service area and a comprehensive treatment service area according to original household garbage treatment modes; in the classified collection service area, kitchen garbage and food market garbage are sent to a biogas power generation plant; dry household garbage and street cleaning garbage are sent to an incineration power generation plant; in the incineration treatment service area, single-stage separation is performed on original garbage, wherein oversize products enter an incineration system and undersize products are sent to a comprehensive garbage treatment plant to serve as landfill cover soil; and in the comprehensive service area, the original household garbage enters two-stage separation, wherein the oversize products enter a derived fuel production line, the undersize products are continued separating, and secondary screening products enter a bioreactor landfill yard. The system has evolvability; all kinds of different solid waste treatment facilities are linked effectively; the comprehensive treatment capacity is improved greatly; the urgency of building garbage treatment facilities is restrained effectively; and environmental pollution and social problems caused by the environmental pollution are reduced.

Description

The large solid useless industrial symbiosis system of handling in a kind of city
Technical field
The present invention relates to waste treatment technique, the large solid useless industrial symbiosis system of handling in especially a kind of city.
Background technology
Different refuse collections can produce different influences to the subsequent treatment of rubbish with mode classification.China mainly adopts the mixed collection mode at present, and this makes the drawback of conventional process mode highlight.For burning, mixed collection means high-moisture, low heat value, has both influenced to burn operating mode and garbage disposal effect, causes operation cost significantly to increase, and causes again not burn pollutant in the flue gas and harmful substance significantly increases.For landfill, mixed collection means problems such as high percolate generation, hot room gas emissions and high stench, has not only increased operation and maintenance cost, but also can cause environmental pollution, especially underground water pollution.For compost, mixed collection means the increase of sorting difficulty and sorting cost, and compost quality is difficult to guarantee.
Although just carried out the separate waste collection pilot work as far back as China in 2000, because the categorised collection mode is incorrect, it is meticulous promptly to get, and follow-up facility problem such as do not match, and makes that the categorised collection job performance is little, lesson is heavy.Therefore, it is particularly important to set up the rationally feasible categorised collection method of a cover.The dried wet separation of rubbish at present is to be considered to a kind of feasible method.This method not only adapts with China existing processing mode, and meets the existing understanding scope of people, and is easy to implement.
In order to satisfy the needs of garbage disposal, incineration plant and landfill yard are newly built up like the mushrooms after rain in recent years, and these treatment plants (field) not only need to drop into a large amount of construction funds, but also can become new pollution sources.Nowadays, the addressing of new factory (field) is difficult, also causes social contradications easily in the sensitive area.Therefore, how to alleviate the contradiction between the limited disposal ability of ever-increasing quantity of refuse and existing utility, become the significant problem of pendulum in face of us.
The industrial symbiosis theory is with the conventional garbage treatment facility, include syntaxial system in as refuse classification system, burning electricity generation factory, landfill yard, straw electric generation plant, sewage treatment plant, derivatived fuel production line etc., realize that by reasonable diffluence the useless admittedly treatment facility of various differences effectively is connected, different facilities are worked according to his ability, significantly improve the comprehensive treatment capability of existing utility, the effective urgency of the newly-built waste treatment facility of containment reduces the pollution of environment and the social concern of initiation thus.
Summary of the invention
1. the present invention discloses the large solid useless industrial symbiosis system of handling in a kind of city, and its step is as follows:
1) according to original domestic rubbish disposal mode, the city is divided into: categorised collection service area, burning disposal service area and integrated treatment service area, original waste treatment facility has CIU, landfill yard and percolation liquid treating system in the zone, now newly-increased marsh gas power generation factory, derivatived fuel production line, twin-stage separation system and single-stage separation system, these treatment facilities and crop straw burning power plant, municipal wastewater treatment plant form syntaxial system, various facilities effectively are connected under the system, work according to his ability, significantly improve the comprehensive treatment capability of existing utility;
2) at the categorised collection service area, rubbish carries out original-source by classification to be collected, and wherein rubbish from cooking and food market rubbish are delivered to marsh gas power generation factory, carry out producing methane through anaerobic fermentation, and dried matter rubbish of family and street cleaning rubbish enter burning electricity generation factory and is for further processing;
3) at the burning disposal service area, after nature rubbish is delivered to burning electricity generation factory, at first enter the single-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into oversize and screenings to rubbish, oversize is that combustible enters the CIU burning electricity generation, and screenings is delivered to comprehensive garbage disposal factory as the landfill earthing;
4) at the integrated treatment service area, comprehensive garbage disposal factory can be reconstructed by landfill yard, after nature rubbish is delivered to comprehensive garbage disposal factory, at first enter the twin-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into an oversize and a screenings to rubbish, oversize enters the derivatived fuel production line, the derivatived fuel that produces is as the auxiliary fuel of refuse burning system, screenings is proceeded sorting, be divided into secondary oversize and secondary screenings, secondary sieve thing is all sent into bioreactor landfill, wherein oversize is as landfill soil, screenings through the heap ferment after as earthing or nutrition soil, the biogas that landfill yard produces can be used for industry or people's lives, and the percolate of generation is sent into percolation liquid treating system through after the preliminary treatment, and the leachate recirculation after the processing is to biological device landfill yard, the mud that obtains enters the derivatived fuel production line as batching, makes derivatived fuel;
5) municipal wastewater treatment plant disposes of sewage the mud that obtains as batching, can deliver to derivatived fuel production line and stalk, screen residue of waste is made derivatived fuel according to certain proportioning, also can deliver to methane-generating pit and produce biogas as batching;
6) the direct burning electricity generation of the stalk collected of crop straw burning power plant also can be delivered to the derivatived fuel production line and make pure stalk derivatived fuel, the raising efficiency of combustion, and minimizing takes up room;
Described derivatived fuel production line utilizes mud, rubbish sieve thing and stalk to make derivatived fuel, and the derivatived fuel of generation enters CIU as auxiliary fuel, and the pure stalk fuel that wherein utilizes stalk to make enters the straw electric generation plant burning electricity generation.
Described landfill yard adopts subregion, subdivision, distributed sanitary landfills mode, and leachate recirculation landfill heap body quickens garbage degradation, and mineralized waste is shunted once more, reaches recycling of landfill storage capacity.
Advantage of the present invention and benefit are: (1) this syntaxial system has the property of evolution, various waste treatment facilities effectively can be connected, by nature rubbish is carried out reasonable diffluence, make proper property maximization, the processing mode of different disposal facility scientific, more reasonable, thereby improve the comprehensive treatment capability of system, effectively contain the urgency of newly-built waste treatment facility.(2) this system by reasonable batching production biomass derived fuel, thereby realizes that the three puts, improves energy utilization rate low-cost the coexistence, reduces the pollution to environment according to the characteristics of large refuses such as house refuse, crop material and municipal sludge.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is technological process signal of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
With reference to Fig. 1, the present invention discloses the large solid useless industrial symbiosis system of handling in a kind of city, may further comprise the steps:
1) according to original domestic rubbish disposal mode, the city is divided into: categorised collection service area, burning disposal service area and integrated treatment service area, original waste treatment facility has CIU, landfill yard and percolation liquid treating system in the zone, now newly-increased marsh gas power generation factory, derivatived fuel production line, twin-stage separation system and single-stage separation system, these treatment facilities and crop straw burning power plant, municipal wastewater treatment plant form syntaxial system;
2) at the categorised collection service area, rubbish carries out original-source by classification to be collected, and wherein rubbish from cooking and food market rubbish are delivered to marsh gas power generation factory, carry out producing methane through anaerobic fermentation, and dried matter rubbish of family and street cleaning rubbish enter burning electricity generation factory and is for further processing;
3) at the burning disposal service area, after nature rubbish is delivered to burning electricity generation factory, at first enter the single-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into oversize and screenings to rubbish, oversize is for entering the CIU burning electricity generation, and screenings is delivered to comprehensive garbage disposal factory as the landfill earthing;
4) at the integrated treatment service area, nature rubbish enters the twin-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into an oversize and a screenings to rubbish, oversize enters derivatived fuel production line and mud, stalk is made derivatived fuel together, auxiliary fuel as refuse burning system, screenings is proceeded sorting, be divided into secondary oversize and secondary screenings, secondary sieve thing is all sent into bioreactor landfill, landfill yard adopts subregion, subdivision, distributed sanitary landfills mode, wherein oversize is as landfill soil, screenings through the heap ferment after as earthing or nutrition soil, the biogas that landfill yard produces is used for industry or people's lives, the percolate that produces is sent into percolation liquid treating system through after the preliminary treatment, and the leachate recirculation after the processing quickens garbage degradation to biological device landfill yard, and mineralized waste is shunted once more, the mud that obtains enters the derivatived fuel production line as batching, makes derivatived fuel;
5) municipal wastewater treatment plant disposes of sewage the mud that obtains as batching, can deliver to derivatived fuel production line and stalk, screen residue of waste is made derivatived fuel according to certain proportioning, also can deliver to methane-generating pit and produce biogas as batching;
6) the direct burning electricity generation of the stalk collected of crop straw burning power plant also can be delivered to the derivatived fuel production line and make pure stalk derivatived fuel, the raising efficiency of combustion, and minimizing takes up room.

Claims (3)

1. large solid the giving up in city handled the industrial symbiosis system, it is characterized in that: according to original domestic rubbish disposal mode, the city is divided into: the categorised collection service area, burning disposal service area and integrated treatment service area, original waste treatment facility has CIU in the zone, landfill yard and percolation liquid treating system, now newly-increased marsh gas power generation factory, the derivatived fuel production line, twin-stage separation system and single-stage separation system, these treatment facilities and crop straw burning power plant, municipal wastewater treatment plant forms syntaxial system, various facilities effectively are connected under the system, work according to his ability, significantly improve the comprehensive treatment capability of existing utility;
2) at the categorised collection service area, rubbish carries out original-source by classification to be collected, and wherein rubbish from cooking and food market rubbish are delivered to marsh gas power generation factory, carry out producing methane through anaerobic fermentation, and dried matter rubbish of family and street cleaning rubbish enter burning electricity generation factory and is for further processing;
3) at the burning disposal service area, after nature rubbish is delivered to burning electricity generation factory, at first enter the single-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into oversize and screenings to rubbish, oversize is that combustible enters the CIU burning electricity generation, and screenings is delivered to comprehensive garbage disposal factory as the landfill earthing;
4) at the integrated treatment service area, comprehensive garbage disposal factory can be reconstructed by landfill yard, after nature rubbish is delivered to comprehensive garbage disposal factory, at first enter the twin-stage separation system, the sorting facility is divided into an oversize and a screenings to rubbish, oversize enters the derivatived fuel production line, the derivatived fuel that produces is as the auxiliary fuel of refuse burning system, screenings is proceeded sorting, be divided into secondary oversize and secondary screenings, secondary sieve thing is all sent into bioreactor landfill, wherein oversize is as landfill soil, screenings through the heap ferment after as earthing or nutrition soil, the biogas that landfill yard produces can be used for industry or people's lives, and the percolate of generation is sent into percolation liquid treating system through after the preliminary treatment, and the leachate recirculation after the processing is to biological device landfill yard, the mud that obtains enters the derivatived fuel production line as batching, makes derivatived fuel;
5) municipal wastewater treatment plant disposes of sewage the mud that obtains as batching, can deliver to derivatived fuel production line and stalk, screen residue of waste is made derivatived fuel according to certain proportioning, also can deliver to methane-generating pit and produce biogas as batching;
6) the direct burning electricity generation of the stalk collected of crop straw burning power plant also can be delivered to the derivatived fuel production line and make pure stalk derivatived fuel, the raising efficiency of combustion, and minimizing takes up room;
2. according to the large solid useless industrial symbiosis system construction technical method of handling in the described a kind of city of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described derivatived fuel production line utilizes mud, rubbish sieve thing and stalk to make derivatived fuel, the derivatived fuel that produces enters CIU as auxiliary fuel, and the pure stalk fuel that wherein utilizes stalk to make enters the straw electric generation plant burning electricity generation.
3. according to the large solid useless industrial symbiosis system construction technical method of handling in the described a kind of city of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described landfill yard adopts subregion, subdivision, distributed sanitary landfills mode, leachate recirculation landfill heap body quickens garbage degradation, mineralized waste is shunted once more, reached recycling of landfill storage capacity.
CN2010105525313A 2010-11-22 2010-11-22 Municipal bulk solid waste treatment industrial symbiotic system Pending CN102049407A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103023025A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-04-03 上海齐耀动力技术有限公司 System and method for multi-element renewable energy supplementary power generation of garbage disposal yard
CN103759273A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-30 合肥环坤污泥干化设备有限公司 Mixed waste disposal system
CN104016556A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-09-03 杨斯智 Large-size waste recycling system
CN104907321A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 杨先春 Comprehensive garbage treatment method
CN106140780A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-11-23 樊军 One way of life refuse disposal system
CN106734084A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 A kind of solid waste substance treating method
CN106794468A (en) * 2014-05-17 2017-05-31 汉斯·乔基姆·卡勒 For the method and apparatus that the rubbish heap material, biological waste and the remaining rubbish that process and use house refuse heap are used for biogas equipment
CN106824984A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-06-13 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 A kind of life refuse processing method

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103023025A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-04-03 上海齐耀动力技术有限公司 System and method for multi-element renewable energy supplementary power generation of garbage disposal yard
CN103023025B (en) * 2012-12-03 2017-08-25 上海齐耀动力技术有限公司 A kind of polynary regenerative resource complementary power generation system of pollution assessment and method
CN103759273A (en) * 2014-01-24 2014-04-30 合肥环坤污泥干化设备有限公司 Mixed waste disposal system
CN106794468A (en) * 2014-05-17 2017-05-31 汉斯·乔基姆·卡勒 For the method and apparatus that the rubbish heap material, biological waste and the remaining rubbish that process and use house refuse heap are used for biogas equipment
CN104016556A (en) * 2014-06-16 2014-09-03 杨斯智 Large-size waste recycling system
CN104016556B (en) * 2014-06-16 2016-07-06 杨斯智 Bulky refuse changing waste into resources processes system
CN106140780A (en) * 2015-04-13 2016-11-23 樊军 One way of life refuse disposal system
CN106140780B (en) * 2015-04-13 2019-02-26 樊军 A kind of domestic garbage treating system
CN104907321A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 杨先春 Comprehensive garbage treatment method
CN106734084A (en) * 2016-12-20 2017-05-31 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 A kind of solid waste substance treating method
CN106824984A (en) * 2017-01-12 2017-06-13 湖南万容科技股份有限公司 A kind of life refuse processing method

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Application publication date: 20110511