CN101976614B - Production line of film capacitors - Google Patents

Production line of film capacitors Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101976614B
CN101976614B CN2010105387239A CN201010538723A CN101976614B CN 101976614 B CN101976614 B CN 101976614B CN 2010105387239 A CN2010105387239 A CN 2010105387239A CN 201010538723 A CN201010538723 A CN 201010538723A CN 101976614 B CN101976614 B CN 101976614B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
prime
sub
energizing
linear
plate
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CN2010105387239A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101976614A (en
Inventor
李言
黄瑞南
林榕
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汕头高新区松田实业有限公司
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Priority to CN2010105387239A priority Critical patent/CN101976614B/en
Publication of CN101976614A publication Critical patent/CN101976614A/en
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Publication of CN101976614B publication Critical patent/CN101976614B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a production line of film capacitors, comprising a stand, a prime vibration disk, a prime conveyer belt, an energizing device and a pin welding device. A discharging hole of the prime vibration disk is connected with the front end of the prime conveyer belt, the energizing device is characterized by comprising a linear supporting filler strip, at least one transversal guide rail, two longitudinal guide rails, two energizing plates, an energizing plate switching control mechanism and an energizing plate advance and retreat control mechanism, wherein the linear supporting filler strip and a pushing mechanism are respectively arranged at both sides of the rear end of the prime conveyer belt, the front end of the linear supporting filler strip corresponds to the position of the pushing mechanism, the two energizing plates are respectively arranged at both sides of the linear supporting filler strip, a prime conveying mechanism comprises a graduator, an indexing turntable and a plurality of prime clamps, and the rear end of the linear supporting filler strip corresponds to the prime feeding station of the graduator. The invention can automatically and continuously finish the energization and the pin welding of the capacitor primes, reduce the workload, improve the production efficiency and decrease the energy consumption.

Description

The film capacitor production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to make the special equipment of capacitor, specifically, relate to a kind of film capacitor production line.
Background technology
Film capacitor is a kind of capacitor of function admirable, and its key property is following: nonpolarity, insulation impedance is very high, frequency characteristic excellent (the corresponding broadness of frequency), and also dielectric loss is very little.Because function admirable, film capacitor is widely used in industries such as electronics, household electrical appliances, communication, electric power.
The making of film capacitor comprises the steps: that mainly (1) makes capacitor sub-prime (the capacitor sub-prime is the capacitor semi-finished product); Be wound on after can be with metal forming (metal forming is as electrode) and plastic film overlapping and process the capacitor sub-prime together; Also can obtain metallized film, then metallized film reeled and process the capacitor sub-prime at the vapor deposition last layer is very thin on the plastic film metal (metal level on the vapor deposition is as electrode); The capacitor sub-prime of processing through reeling is generally cylindrical (also adopt hot pressing mode that the cylindrical capacitor sub-prime is imposed the flat operation of folder usually, process flat-shaped cylindrical capacitor sub-prime); (2) the capacitor sub-prime is energized, energizing is that the capacitor sub-prime is placed in the anchor clamps of the device of energizing and two conducting end of capacitor sub-prime are applied voltage, removes the inner conductive hidden danger of capacitor sub-prime, makes the inner conductive defective self-healing of capacitor sub-prime; (3) welding pin; (4) encapsulation, encapsulation are to contain epoxy resin dipping in the outside of the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin, and perhaps the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin is put into plastic housing, and in plastic housing, pours into epoxy resin with the fixed capacitor sub-prime.After the operations such as capacitor sub-prime process is energized, welding pin, encapsulation, become the capacitor finished product.In addition; After welding pin on the capacitor sub-prime; Usually a plurality of capacitor sub-primes are sticked on the stripe board and be arranged into a row, the more whole row's capacitor sub-prime on the stripe board is encapsulated (particularly being employed in encapsulation, the outside of the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin contains under the situation of epoxy resin dipping) simultaneously.
At present, most of film capacitor production lines adopt the machine of energizing that the capacitor sub-prime is energized; The capacitor sub-prime that completion is energized is moved to welding pin on the bonding machine; Utilize the artificial capacitor sub-prime of welding pin to stick on the stripe board one by one again.
The above-mentioned machine of energizing comprises sub-prime vibrating disk, sub-prime conveyer belt and the device of energizing; The discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk is connected with the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt; The rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt is provided with block (effect of block is to make the capacitor sub-prime that walks to sub-prime conveyer belt rear end stop to move ahead), and a side of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end is provided with the pusher that can the capacitor sub-prime that walk to sub-prime conveyer belt rear end be sent into the device of energizing; Pusher comprises pusher cylinder and charging ram; The pusher cylinder is vertical each other with the sub-prime conveyer belt; The cylinder body of pusher cylinder is installed on the frame; The piston rod of pusher cylinder is connected with charging ram, and when the piston rod of pusher cylinder stretched out, charging ram was delivered to the device of energizing with the capacitor sub-prime of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end.The existing device of energizing comprises calibration rotating disk and several sub-prime anchor clamps, and each sub-prime anchor clamps circumferentially evenly distributes along the calibration rotating disk, and the sub-prime anchor clamps comprise two clamping plate, respectively are provided with a conducting terminal on two clamping plate; One side of anchor clamps is provided with electric supply installation, and electric supply installation comprises transmission of electricity terminal and transmission of electricity terminal position switching mechanism.Be provided with a feed station, an a plurality of station and discharging station (in addition, between the feed station, also having vacant station at the discharging station usually) of energizing on the calibration rotating disk successively, the station total quantity is identical with the quantity of sub-prime anchor clamps; The calibration rotating disk rotates by step-by-step system, and revolution is moving once, the sub-prime anchor clamps station (quantity of supposition sub-prime anchor clamps is positive integer N, and then the calibration rotating disk has N station, and the calibration rotating disk rotates (360/N) ° at every turn) that advances; The quantity of transmission of electricity terminal is identical with the station of energizing, and the position of the terminal of respectively transmitting electricity is corresponding one by one with each sub-prime anchor clamps on being in the station of energizing.The operation principle of this device of energizing is summarized as follows: at first; In feed station; Capacitor sub-prime by pusher will be to be energized is delivered between two clamping plate of sub-prime anchor clamps; Sub-prime clamp clamps capacitor sub-prime, and two conducting terminals on the sub-prime anchor clamps subsequently contacts with the corresponding position of capacitor sub-prime (being two conducting end of capacitor sub-prime) respectively; Subsequently, the calibration dial rotation is delivered to the station of respectively energizing successively with sub-prime anchor clamps and top capacitor sub-prime thereof; At this moment, the action of transmission of electricity terminal position switching mechanism, the transmission of electricity terminal contacts with a conducting terminal on the sub-prime anchor clamps; The capacitor sub-prime is applied voltage; Energize processing (for certain capacitor sub-prime, above-mentioned energize to handle carry out repeatedly, the number of times of handling of energizing equates with the quantity of the station of energizing); Subsequently; The calibration dial rotation; Sub-prime anchor clamps and top capacitor sub-prime thereof are delivered to discharging station (device of energizing this moment is accomplished the processing of energizing to the capacitor sub-prime); Two clamping plate of sub-prime anchor clamps are opened, and have accomplished the capacitor sub-prime of handling of energizing and have dropped, and are collected by the container that is positioned at discharging station below.When this device of energizing moved, at the station of respectively energizing, the capacitor sub-prime was always by the sub-prime clamp clamps; And the transmission of electricity terminal is made periodic location and is switched, like this, when the transmission of electricity terminal when a conducting terminal on the sub-prime anchor clamps contacts; The transmission of electricity terminal produces impact to anchor clamps; This impact can cause the dislocation of capacitor sub-prime even drop, so that the capacitor sub-prime can not be accomplished the processing of energizing, generation substandard products or waste product smoothly.
Above-mentioned bonding machine comprises sub-prime vibrating disk, sub-prime conveyer belt and pin welder; The discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk is connected with the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt; The rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt is provided with block (effect of block is to make the capacitor sub-prime that walks to sub-prime conveyer belt rear end stop to move ahead), and a side of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end is provided with the pusher that can the capacitor sub-prime that walk to sub-prime conveyer belt rear end be sent into the pin welder; Pusher comprises pusher cylinder and charging ram; The pusher cylinder is vertical each other with the sub-prime conveyer belt; The cylinder body of pusher cylinder is installed on the frame; The piston rod of pusher cylinder is connected with charging ram, and when the piston rod of pusher cylinder stretched out, charging ram was delivered to the pin welder with the capacitor sub-prime of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end.The pin welder comprises lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism, welding mechanism and sub-prime connecting gear.The lead feed mechanism comprises two actinobacillus wheels, two groups of propelling sheaves and thread drawing mechanism; Respectively be placed with a volume lead on two actinobacillus wheels, the lead on the actinobacillus wheel is directed to thread drawing mechanism by propelling sheave; Thread drawing mechanism stepping action, the every action of thread drawing mechanism once, the lead of sending two sections certain-lengths to is to tangent mechanism.Tangent mechanism generally includes Cutter apron and two cutting knifes, and two cutting knifes cooperate with Cutter apron and carry out tangent line, on two volume leads, downcuts the lead of two sections certain-lengths, and this two section lead is offered Welding Structure.The sub-prime connecting gear is transported to the position corresponding with welding mechanism with the capacitor sub-prime; Welding mechanism is welded to two section leads that tangent mechanism downcuts on the capacitor sub-prime; Formation has the capacitor sub-prime of two pins, will accomplish pin welded capacitor sub-prime by the sub-prime connecting gear then and remove.
Respectively the capacitor sub-prime is energized respectively and the pin welding owing to the film capacitor production line adopts separate machine of energizing and bonding machine, on the one hand, accomplish the necessary a dead lift of the capacitor sub-prime of energizing to bonding machine; Workload is bigger; On the other hand, on bonding machine, must repeat to be provided with sub-prime vibrating disk and sub-prime conveyer belt, the capacitor sub-prime rearranged, locatees by the sub-prime vibrating disk; Production efficiency is lower; And whole film capacitor production line structure is compact inadequately, and floor space is big, and energy consumption is higher.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of film capacitor production line with the pin welding of energizing of can be automatically accomplishing the capacitor sub-prime continuously; And the device of energizing of this film capacitor production line can make the capacitor sub-prime in the whole processing procedure of energizing, keep position accurately, guarantees that the capacitor sub-prime accomplishes smoothly the processing of energizing.The technical scheme that adopts is following:
A kind of film capacitor production line; Comprise frame, sub-prime vibrating disk, sub-prime conveyer belt, energize device and pin welder; The discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk is connected with the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt; The rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt is provided with block; One side of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end is provided with pusher; The pin welder comprises lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism, welding mechanism and sub-prime connecting gear, and lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism and welding mechanism are located on the frame, it is characterized in that: the said device of energizing comprises that linear supports filler strip, at least one cross slide way, two longitudinal rails, two plates of energizing, can drive two the energize plate folding controlling organizations and can drive two energize plate longitudinally guide rail synchronously reciprocating energize plate advance and retreat controlling organizations of plate along the cross slide way relative motion of energizing; Linear supports filler strip and is fixed on the frame, and linear support filler strip and sub-prime conveyer belt are perpendicular, and linear support filler strip and pusher are in the both sides of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end respectively, and linear support filler strip front end is corresponding with the pusher position; Cross slide way is fixed on the frame and to support filler strip vertical each other with linear, and two transverse sliders that are slidingly matched with the cross slide way work are installed on each cross slide way; Two longitudinal rails all support filler strip with linear and are parallel to each other, and two transverse sliders on each cross slide way are connected with two longitudinal rails correspondingly; At least one and longitudinal rail are installed on each longitudinal rail make the longitudinal sliding block that is slidingly matched, two plates of energizing are corresponding one by one with two longitudinal rails, and each longitudinal sliding block connection on energize plate and the corresponding longitudinal rail; Two plates of energizing are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip respectively, and two energize respectively to be provided with along linear on the plate and support a plurality of conducting terminals that filler strip is equidistantly arranged, and two energize conducting terminal quantity on the plate are identical and the position is corresponding one by one; The sub-prime connecting gear comprises protractor, calibration rotating disk and a plurality of sub-prime anchor clamps, and the calibration rotating disk is fixedly mounted on the output shaft of protractor, and the sub-prime anchor clamps are installed in circumferentially equidistantly distributing on the calibration rotating disk and along the calibration rotating disk; Protractor has a plurality of stations, comprises that successively sub-prime feed station, welding post and sub-prime withdraw from station; It is corresponding with sub-prime feed station position that linear supports the filler strip rear end; Welding mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with welding post.
In a kind of concrete scheme, pusher comprises pusher cylinder and charging ram, and the pusher cylinder is vertical each other with the sub-prime conveyer belt, and the cylinder body of pusher cylinder is installed on the frame, and the piston rod of pusher cylinder is connected with charging ram.Linear supports the front end of filler strip near sub-prime conveyer belt rear end, and when the piston rod of pusher cylinder stretched out, charging ram was delivered to the capacitor sub-prime of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end on the front end of linear support filler strip.
Above-mentioned linear supports filler strip and is used to place the capacitor sub-prime that need energize and handle, and its upper surface is a supporting surface.In the course of work, at the upper surface of linear support filler strip, the capacitor sub-prime supports filler strip along linear and equidistantly arranges, and the spacing on the spacing on the linear support filler strip between each capacitor sub-prime and the plate of energizing between each conducting terminal is consistent.
The corresponding conducting terminal in position partners on one conducting terminal and another plate of energizing of energizing on the plate; Paired conducting terminal connects the voltage output end mouth of electric supply installation; Like this, there is certain voltage difference between the corresponding conducting terminal in position on conducting terminal and another plate of energizing of energizing on the plate.When two energized the plate obvolvent, the corresponding conducting terminal in position contacted with the corresponding position of capacitor sub-prime respectively and jointly the capacitor sub-prime is clamped on conducting terminal and another plate of energizing of energizing on the plate, the capacitor sub-prime is applied voltage, the processing of energizing.Under each situation consistent, can each be connected to the same voltage output end mouth of electric supply installation to conducting terminal to the conducting terminal voltage difference.
Usually, two longitudinal rails are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip respectively; Cross slide way is provided with two, and two transverse sliders on each cross slide way are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip respectively; In the both sides of linear support filler strip, two longitudinal rails connect with two corresponding transverse sliders separately.Two transverse sliders of the same side support the longitudinal rail of this side, can make longitudinal rail held stationary better.
Usually, two longitudinal sliding blocks are installed on each longitudinal rail, support the same plate of energizing, can make the plate held stationary better of energizing by two longitudinal sliding blocks.
Above-mentioned cross slide way and longitudinal rail are used to make two energize plate and each conducting terminal to keep the direction of motion accurately; Under the common control of energize the plate folding controlling organization and the plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing; Two plates of energizing move by following step cycle: at first; After above the pusher of being located at the device the place ahead of energizing is delivered to the capacitor sub-prime front end that linear supports filler strip; The plate folding controlling organization of energizing make two energize plate each other near, foremost conducting terminal contacts with the corresponding position of capacitor sub-prime respectively on conducting terminal foremost and another plate of energizing of energizing on the plate, and jointly the capacitor sub-prime is clamped; Subsequently, the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization make two energize plate longitudinally guide rail move backward synchronously, the capacitor sub-prime is moved backward move a step (step pitch equal to energize the distance between the adjacent two conducting terminal corresponding positions on the plate); Then, the plate folding controlling organization of energizing make two energize plate each other away from, two energize plate separately, the capacitor sub-prime is placed to linear and supports on the filler strip; Subsequently, the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization make two energize plate longitudinally guide rail move forward synchronously, be returned to initial position; Then, pusher is delivered to next capacitor sub-prime above the front end of linear support filler strip, gets into next actuation cycle; In next actuation cycle, the capacitor sub-prime that just has been sent to linear support filler strip front end is at first clamped by pair of conductive terminal foremost, and previous capacitor sub-prime is at first clamped by the pair of conductive terminal of inferior front end.Above-mentioned actuation cycle of every completion, the capacitor sub-prime moves backward and moves a step, and the processing of once energizing; Energizing two respectively is provided with under the situation of N conducting terminal on the plate, and each capacitor sub-prime is clamped, moved and unclamp conducting terminal by N successively from A-P, divides to energize for N time and mobile backward; When the pair of conductive terminal of rearmost end was clamped capacitor sub-prime and moving backward and moved a step, the device of energizing was accomplished processings of energizing to the capacitor sub-prime, and the capacitor sub-prime that will accomplish the processing of energizing is delivered to the pin welder.
Above-mentioned effect of energizing plate folding controlling organization is to drive two to energize plate along the cross slide way relative motion; Above-mentioned effect of energizing plate advance and retreat controlling organization is to drive the two plate synchronous reciprocating motions of guide rail longitudinally of energizing, and above-mentioned action of energizing the plate folding controlling organization and the plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing can not hindered each other.
Usually; The above-mentioned plate folding controlling organization of energizing is located on the frame, and the plate folding controlling organization of energizing has two clutch ends, and two clutch ends can connect two longitudinal rails respectively; Also can connect two transverse sliders on the same cross slide way respectively; Because longitudinal rail only allows the longitudinal sliding block and the plate of energizing to vertically move along it, therefore through controlling the transverse movement of longitudinal rail or transverse slider, i.e. the transverse movement of the plate of energizing of may command correspondence.
In a concrete scheme, the above-mentioned plate folding controlling organization of energizing comprises cross directional stretch spring, two braces, cross bars and can control the cross bar elevating mechanism that cross bar goes up and down; The two ends of cross directional stretch spring are connected with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders be connected; Two jib heads are hinged with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders hinged; Two brace lower ends are hinged with the two ends of cross bar respectively, and the distance between two jib heads is greater than the distance between two brace lower ends; The cross bar elevating mechanism is located on the frame.The effect of cross bar elevating mechanism is to drive cross bar to rise or descend; When cross bar rises; The lower end of two braces is along with rising, and brace overcame the pulling force of cross directional stretch spring and outwards swung the distance increase between two jib heads around the pin joint of brace lower end and cross bar this moment; Thereby the distance between two longitudinal rails is increased, and two energize plate separately; When cross bar descends; The lower end of two braces is along with decline; This moment, brace was inwardly swung around the pin joint of brace lower end and cross bar under the acting in conjunction of cross bar elevating mechanism and cross directional stretch spring, and the distance between two jib heads reduces; Thereby the distance between two longitudinal rails is reduced, the two plate obvolvents of energizing.The cross bar elevating mechanism can adopt elevating mechanism of the prior art, like cam mechanism, cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, tooth bar/gear combination (gear is connected with electric-motor drive for rack and pinion engagement, tooth bar upper end connection cross bar).In a kind of concrete scheme, above-mentioned cross bar elevating mechanism adopts cam mechanism, comprises cam, the cam rotating driving device that can driving cam rotates continuously, elevating lever, vertical extension spring; The upper end of elevating lever is connected with cross bar; The lower end of elevating lever is equipped with the roller (cam has curved profile usually, and roller closely contacts with curved profile) that cooperates with cam, and elevating lever is for moving towards up and down; Frame is provided with the vertical guide pin bushing of trend up and down, and elevating lever is located in the vertical guide pin bushing; Vertically the upper end of extension spring is connected with cross bar, and vertically the lower end of extension spring is connected (vertically the effect of extension spring is that cross bar is applied downward pulling force, makes the curved profile of above-mentioned rollers and cam keep closely cooperating) with frame; When cam rotating driving device driving cam rotates,, make elevating lever and cross bar do corresponding elevating movement by the curved profile of cam.In the concrete scheme of another kind, above-mentioned cross bar elevating mechanism comprises the cross bar lift cylinder, the cross bar lift cylinder vertically be provided with and its piston rod up, the cylinder body of cross bar lift cylinder is installed on the frame, the piston rod of cross bar lift cylinder is connected with cross bar; When the piston rod of cross bar lift cylinder stretches, drive cross bar and go up and down.
In another concrete scheme; The above-mentioned plate folding controlling organization of energizing comprises two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing; Two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing all are parallel to each other with cross slide way; And the piston rod of two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing is towards opposite (common two plate transverse translation control cylinder branches of energizing are in linear and support the filler strip both sides, and its piston rod all supports filler strip towards linear); The cylinder body of two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing is installed on the frame, the piston rod of two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing is connected with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders be connected.When the piston rod of two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing stretches out, drive two longitudinal rails and move in opposite directions along cross slide way, the distance between two longitudinal rails reduces, thereby makes the two plate obvolvents of energizing; When the piston rod of two plate transverse translation control cylinders of energizing shrinks, drive two longitudinal rails and move dorsad along cross slide way, the distance between two longitudinal rails increases, thereby makes two to energize plate separately.
In a concrete scheme, the above-mentioned plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing comprises horizontal guide rod, two horizontal guide pin bushings and fork; Laterally guide rod and cross slide way parallel, and two horizontal guide pin bushings all are socketed on the horizontal guide rod and are connected with two plates of energizing respectively; The middle part of fork is provided with the horizontal rotating shaft that parallels with cross slide way, and laterally rotating shaft is installed in rotation on the frame; The upper end connection horizontal of fork perhaps is socketed on the horizontal guide rod to guide rod; Frame be provided with can driving pendulum rod around the oscillating control mechanism of horizontal rotating shaft reciprocally swinging.Laterally the effect of guide rod and two horizontal guide pin bushings is to guarantee that two plates of energizing advance and retreat synchronously, and can not hinder longitudinal rail and energize plate moving in the horizontal.The effect of above-mentioned oscillating control mechanism is that driving pendulum rod is around horizontal rotating shaft reciprocally swinging; Usually the clutch end of oscillating control mechanism cooperates with the fork lower end; Through controlling the fork lower end around horizontal rotating shaft swing; May command fork upper end is around horizontal rotating shaft swing, thus make horizontal guide rod, two horizontal guide pin bushings and two energize plate longitudinally guide rail back and forth move forward and backward synchronously.Above-mentioned oscillating control mechanism can adopt mechanism of the prior art, like cam mechanism, cylinder, linkage.In a kind of concrete scheme; Above-mentioned oscillating control mechanism adopts cam mechanism; Comprise cam, the cam rotating driving device, the back-moving spring that can driving cam rotate continuously, the lower end of fork is equipped with the roller (cam has curved profile usually, and roller closely contacts with curved profile) that cooperates with cam; Back-moving spring one end is connected with fork, the other end is connected (effect that resets is that fork is applied active force, makes above-mentioned rollers keep closely contacting with the curved profile of cam) with frame; When cam rotating driving device driving cam rotates,, make the fork lower end around horizontal rotating shaft swing by the curved profile of cam.In the concrete scheme of another kind, above-mentioned oscillating control mechanism comprises the swing control cylinder, and the cylinder body and the frame of swing control cylinder are hinged, and the piston rod and the fork lower end of swing control cylinder are hinged; When the piston rod of swing control cylinder is flexible, drive the fork lower end around horizontal rotating shaft swing.
In another concrete scheme, the above-mentioned plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing comprises two plate advance and retreat control cylinders of energizing, and two plate advance and retreat control cylinders of energizing all are parallel to each other with longitudinal rail, and the piston rod of two plate advance and retreat control cylinders of energizing is towards identical; The cylinder body of two plate advance and retreat control cylinders of energizing is fixedly connected with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders be fixedly connected, the advance and retreat piston rod of control cylinders of two plates of energizing is connected with two plates of energizing respectively.The piston rod synchronization telescope of two plates advance and retreat control cylinders of energizing, can drive two energize plate longitudinally guide rail back and forth move forward and backward synchronously.In this case, under the driving of the above-mentioned plate folding controlling organization of energizing, the plate of energizing advance and retreat control cylinder is along with transverse slider, longitudinal rail, the longitudinal sliding block of homonymy and the plate of energizing move together.
In order to prevent that the capacitor sub-prime that is placed on the linear support filler strip from misplacing because of receiving vibrating; The preferred above-mentioned device of energizing also comprises the sub-prime hold-down mechanism; The sub-prime hold-down mechanism comprises press strip and press strip lift cylinder, and press strip is in the top of linear support filler strip and supports filler strip with linear and parallels; The press strip lift cylinder vertically is provided with, and the cylinder body of press strip lift cylinder is located on the frame, and the piston rod of press strip lift cylinder is connected down and with press strip.Energize plate when separating when two, and the capacitor sub-prime is placed on linear and supports on the filler strip, and this moment, the piston rod of press strip lift cylinder stretched out, and press strip descends and the capacitor sub-prime is pressed on linear and supports on the filler strip; When two energized plate obvolvent or preparation obvolvent, the piston rod of press strip lift cylinder shrank, and press strip rises, and disengages with the capacitor sub-prime, can not hinder moving of capacitor sub-prime.For press strip is gone up and down more reposefully; Preferred sub-prime hold-down mechanism also comprises two leads and two fairleads, and two leads vertically are located on the frame, and two fairleads are located on the press strip; Two leads are corresponding one by one with two fairleads, and lead is in the corresponding fairlead.
Also has sub-prime positional deviation correction station between the sub-prime feed station of preferred above-mentioned protractor and the welding post; Also be provided with sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism on the frame, sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with sub-prime positional deviation correction station; Sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism comprise two can be along the radial location piece that radially moves of calibration rotating disk with respect to the calibration rotating disk along the axial location piece that axially moves with respect to the calibration rotating disk of calibration rotating disk and one; Two axial locating piece branches are located at the both sides of the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station; And the sub-prime anchor clamps and the two axial locating piece threes that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station are located on the same straight line that the output shaft with protractor parallels; The radial location piece is located at the outside of the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station, and is in sub-prime anchor clamps and the radial location piece of the sub-prime positional deviation correction station radial distribution along the calibration rotating disk.
It is corresponding with sub-prime feed station position that linear in the above-mentioned device of energizing supports the filler strip rear end, and the device of energizing can be delivered on the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in the sub-prime feed station accomplishing the capacitor sub-prime of handling of energizing.
The station total quantity of above-mentioned protractor is identical with the quantity of sub-prime anchor clamps; The output shaft of protractor and calibration rotating disk rotate by step-by-step system; Revolution is moving once; The sub-prime anchor clamps station (quantity of supposition sub-prime anchor clamps is positive integer N, and then protractor has N station, and the output shaft of protractor and calibration rotating disk rotate (360/N) ° at every turn) that advances.The process of pin welding is summarized as follows: under the drive of protractor; The calibration dial rotation; The sub-prime anchor clamps move with the calibration rotating disk and withdraw from station through sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post and sub-prime successively; Accomplish the capacitor sub-prime successively and send that (in the sub-prime feed station, at first the sub-prime anchor clamps are opened to; After the capacitor sub-prime of pin to be welded gets into the sub-prime anchor clamps; The clamping of sub-prime anchor clamps is also clamped the capacitor sub-prime), positional deviation correction is (at sub-prime positional deviation correction station; Radial location piece and two axial locating pieces move towards the capacitor sub-prime simultaneously; Correct position to the capacitor sub-prime, makes the capacitor sub-prime be in suitable position), welding pin (at welding post, welding mechanism will be welded on the capacitor sub-prime by two section leads that tangent mechanism downcuts), capacitor sub-prime withdraw from (when the sub-prime anchor clamps arrive sub-prime and withdraw from station; The sub-prime anchor clamps are opened, and the capacitor sub-prime on the sub-prime anchor clamps is removed) etc. operation; The sub-prime anchor clamps move on subsequently, and the capacitor sub-prime of the next pin to be welded of receivability again when arriving the sub-prime feed station carries out the welding of next round pin.
In a kind of scheme, four sub-prime anchor clamps are installed on the calibration rotating disk, protractor has four stations, is followed successively by sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post and sub-prime and withdraws from station.Generally, except sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post and sub-prime withdraw from station, protractor also has some vacant stations, does not have the capacitor sub-prime perhaps the capacitor sub-prime not to be handled at vacant station; Through vacant station is set, makes sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post, sub-prime withdraw from stations such as station and be in correct position, so that operation such as the capacitor sub-prime is sent to, positional deviation correction, welding pin, capacitor sub-prime withdraw from.In a kind of concrete scheme, eight sub-prime anchor clamps are installed on the calibration rotating disk, protractor has eight stations, is followed successively by sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post, vacant station, a sub-prime and withdraws from station and three vacant stations.In the concrete scheme of another kind, six sub-prime anchor clamps are installed on the calibration rotating disk, protractor has six stations, is followed successively by sub-prime feed station, sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post, sub-prime and withdraws from station and two vacant stations.
Above-mentioned lead feed mechanism (the lead feed mechanism comprises two actinobacillus wheels, two groups of propelling sheaves and thread drawing mechanism), tangent mechanism, welding mechanism all can adopt existing mechanism.
Preferred above-mentioned sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism comprises that also two axial location pieces along the axial setting of calibration rotating disk drive cylinders, the radial location piece that radially is provided with along the calibration rotating disk drives cylinder; The piston rod that the piston rod of two axial location piece driving cylinders and radial location piece drive cylinder is all towards the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station; The cylinder body that the cylinder body of two axial location piece driving cylinders and radial location piece drive cylinder is installed on the frame; Two axial location pieces are connected with the piston rod of two axial location pieces driving cylinders respectively, and the radial location piece is connected with the piston rod that the radial location piece drives cylinder.
In process of production; Situation on the sub-prime anchor clamps that occur not having the capacitor sub-prime to be transported to sometimes and be in the sub-prime feed station, in this case, when sub-prime positional deviation correction station, welding post and the sub-prime that these sub-prime anchor clamps arrive the back withdraws from station; Owing to do not have the capacitor sub-prime on the sub-prime anchor clamps; Therefore sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism, lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism and welding mechanism will produce unnecessary action, and (for example two section leads of tangent mechanism cutting-out drop, not only waste material but also can have a negative impact; Also influence the cleanliness factor of work top, even can hinder the normal operation of equipment).In order to address the above problem, preferred frame is provided with sub-prime and surveys photocell eye, and sub-prime is surveyed photocell eye and is arranged on the position corresponding with sub-prime feed station or sub-prime positional deviation correction station; Sub-prime is surveyed the signal input part that photocell eye connects control circuit, drives radial location piece and two axial locating pieces in the above-mentioned sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism and carries out the power set (the axial location piece drives cylinder and radial location piece driving cylinder) that switch the position, the backguy servomotor in the thread drawing mechanism, the cutter actuating device in the tangent mechanism and all be connected with the control signal output ends of control circuit with the flange splint control cylinder; Survey photocell eye when sub-prime and detect when on the sub-prime anchor clamps capacitor sub-prime being arranged, control circuit output control signal is moved sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism, thread drawing mechanism and tangent mechanism subsequently; Survey photocell eye when sub-prime and detect when not having the capacitor sub-prime on the sub-prime anchor clamps, control circuit is not exported control signal, and this moment, sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism, thread drawing mechanism and tangent mechanism were failure to actuate.
Preferred above-mentioned sub-prime anchor clamps comprise clamp, two clamping plate, clamping plate back-moving spring, two diagonal control arms, a tranverse connecting rod and push rods; Clamp is fixedly mounted on the calibration rotating disk, and clamp is provided with slide rail, and the trend of slide rail is radially vertical each other with the calibration rotating disk; Clamping plate are provided with the slide block that is slidingly matched with the slide rail work; The clamping plate back-moving spring is an extension spring, and the two ends of clamping plate back-moving spring are connected with two clamping plate respectively, perhaps are connected with two slide blocks respectively, and the outer end of two diagonal control arms is hinged with two clamping plate respectively; The inner of two diagonal control arms is hinged with the two ends of tranverse connecting rod respectively; Distance between the outer end of two diagonal control arms is greater than the distance between the inner of two diagonal control arms, and push rod is along the radially setting of calibration rotating disk, and the outer end of push rod is connected with tranverse connecting rod; Be installed with cam on the frame, cam is in the inboard of the push rod of each sub-prime anchor clamps, and push rod the inner of each sub-prime anchor clamps is equipped with the roller that cooperates with cam.The inner of above-mentioned each parts is meant the end of parts such as diagonal control arm, push rod near calibration rotating disk axis, and the outer end of each parts is meant member distance calibration rotating disk axis ends far away such as diagonal control arm, push rod.Above-mentioned cam, roller and push rod constitute cam mechanism, and the cam mechanism of this programme adopts cam to fix and mode that roller and push rod rotate around the center of cam is worked.Generally, the dead in line of the center of cam and calibration rotating disk.The curved profile that cooperates with roller on the above-mentioned cam should satisfy following requirement: withdraw from station in sub-prime feed station and sub-prime; Cam jacking roller and push rod; Make roller and push rod along radially outward the moving of calibration rotating disk, tranverse connecting rod is along with along radially outward the moving of calibration rotating disk, and diagonal control arm overcame the pulling force of clamping plate back-moving spring and swung around the pin joint of diagonal control arm and tranverse connecting rod this moment; Distance between the two diagonal control arm outer ends increases; Thereby distance between two clamping plate is increased and separately, can send the capacitor sub-prime to this moment to the sub-prime anchor clamps, or take out the capacitor sub-prime from the sub-prime anchor clamps; At sub-prime positional deviation correction station and welding post; Cam not pair roller and push rod carries out jacking, and under the effect of clamping plate back-moving spring, the distance between two clamping plate reduces and clamping; Clamp the capacitor sub-prime, simultaneously tranverse connecting rod, push rod and roller radially moving inward along the calibration rotating disk.In order to make roller and push rod radially moving inward more successfully along the calibration rotating disk; Roller is cooperated with the curved profile of cam better; Preferred above-mentioned sub-prime anchor clamps also comprise radially back-moving spring; Radially the two ends of back-moving spring are connected with push rod with the calibration rotating disk respectively, and push rod is applied one towards action of cam power.
In order further to improve the film capacitor automatic degree of production line; Realize that automatic capacitor sub-prime with a plurality of welding pin sticks on the same stripe board; And the capacitor sub-prime fitly is arranged in a row on stripe board; The rear of preferred above-mentioned pin welder is provided with the sub-prime composing device, and the sub-prime composing device comprises stripe board feed mechanism, stripe board conveying mechanism and adhesive tape sticking mechanism; The stripe board conveying mechanism comprises linear guide rail, a plurality of shift fork and the shift fork driving mechanism that can shift fork moves along the linear guide rail; The linear guide rail is installed on the frame; It is corresponding that linear guide rail middle part and sub-prime withdraw from the station position; The shift fork driving mechanism comprises chain, drive sprocket, driven sprocket and servomotor, and drive sprocket and driven sprocket are all rotatable to be installed on the frame, and chain is installed on drive sprocket and the driven sprocket; Drive sprocket and servomotor are in transmission connection, and said a plurality of shift forks equidistantly are installed on the chain; The stripe board feed mechanism comprises that storage grillage, push pedal and push pedal drive cylinder; The storage grillage is installed on the frame and is located at the anterior side of linear guide rail; The storage grillage comprises base plate and sidewall, and base plate and sidewall surround the stripe board that is used to pile up stripe board and store the chamber, and the bottom of sidewall is provided with stripe board outlet and push pedal insertion mouth; Stripe board outlet and push pedal insertion mouth all store the chamber with stripe board and are communicated with; The stripe board outlet is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber near the linear guide rail, and push pedal insertion mouth is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber away from the linear guide rail, and the cylinder body that push pedal drives cylinder is installed on the frame; The piston rod that push pedal drives cylinder is connected with push pedal, and push pedal is corresponding with push pedal insertion mouthful position; Adhesive tape sticking mechanism comprises adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller, and adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller are installed on the frame, and pinch roller is located at the top of linear guide rail.
Above-mentioned linear guide rail middle part and sub-prime withdraw from the corresponding position of station and are between storage grillage and the pinch roller.Above-mentioned linear guide rail is used to place stripe board, and the guiding stripe board is slided along the linear guide rail.The sub-prime composing device is delivered to stripe board when withdrawing from the corresponding position of station with the sub-prime of pin welder; The pin welder capacitor sub-prime of welding pin is placed on the stripe board; When being in capacitor sub-prime on the sub-prime anchor clamps that sub-prime withdraws from station and touching the stripe board on the linear guide rail; Rely on the frictional force between stripe board and the capacitor sub-prime; Stripe board is being taken out the capacitor sub-prime when the linear guide rail slides from the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime and withdraw from station, and is placed on the stripe board and arranges.
Above-mentioned linear guide rail generally includes bottom surface supporting plate and biside plate, and biside plate is divided into the both sides of bottom surface supporting plate, and the bottom surface supporting plate mainly plays the effect of supporting stripe board, and that biside plate mainly plays is spacing, the effect of guiding.
The effect of above-mentioned shift fork is that the stripe board that promotes to be placed on the linear guide rail is slided along the linear guide rail, that is to say, under the driving of servomotor; Chain drive shift fork advances along the linear guide rail, and (press the moving direction of chain link on the chain, chain is divided into the section of moving ahead and reversion section, moves from A-P along the linear guide rail at the section of moving ahead shift fork; Move and be returned to initial position from the back to preceding at reversion section shift fork); And the stripe board that promotes on the linear guide rail advances together, therefore, requires shift fork in the process of advancing along the linear guide rail; Can touch the stripe board that places on the linear guide rail, and to the stripe board applied thrust.In the preferred version, the bottom surface supporting plate of above-mentioned linear guide rail is provided with and the consistent linear gaps of linear guide rail trend; Chain be located at linear gaps under, be in shift fork on the chain section of moving ahead and be positioned at the upper surface that linear gaps and its top are higher than the bottom surface supporting plate of linear guide rail; Like this, when moving ahead under the drive of shift fork at chain, shift fork can touch the end of the stripe board on the linear guide rail, and the promotion stripe board is advanced along the linear guide rail together.
Distance on the chain between adjacent two shift forks should be greater than the length of stripe board.
Usually, in the above-mentioned storage grillage, push pedal is inserted mouth and is aligned with the stripe board exit position; The lower limb of stripe board outlet is higher than the upper surface of the bottom surface supporting plate of linear guide rail.Push pedal driving cylinder is common and the linear guide rail is perpendicular, that is to say, when the piston rod of push pedal driving cylinder stretched out, push pedal was moved towards the linear guide rail along the direction perpendicular to the linear guide rail.Push pedal is inserted from push pedal and mouthful is got into a stripe board and store the chamber, stripe board is stored in the chamber nethermost stripe board release from the stripe board outlet, and be pushed on the linear guide rail.
In order to make the storage grillage can store more stripe board, preferred above-mentioned storage grillage also comprises a plurality of backplate vertical rods, and the backplate vertical rod is installed on the sidewall.The space that each backplate vertical rod surrounds is in above-mentioned stripe board and stores directly over the chamber; Carry out in the process of sub-prime composing; The stripe board of storing in the chamber along with stripe board is pushed on the linear guide rail one by one, and the stripe board of holding in the space that each backplate vertical rod surrounds adds to stripe board one by one and stores in the chamber.
Above-mentioned adhesive tape unreeling structure generally includes a unreeling shaft, and the adhesive tape of rolling is installed on the unreeling shaft.The adhesive tape guide mechanism generally includes several guide wheels.Pinch roller is located at the top of linear guide rail, and stripe board can be passed between pinch roller and linear guide rail.Adhesive tape unreeling structure releasing adhesive tape, adhesive tape is after the guiding of adhesive tape guide mechanism, and infantees is on pinch roller, and adhesive tape scribbles the stripe board of one side on the linear guide rail of adhesive; Shift fork promotes stripe board and moves along the linear guide rail, and before stripe board arrived pinch roller, the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin was placed on the stripe board (position of placing the capacitor sub-prime should be as far as possible near pinch roller); When the stripe board that is placed with the capacitor sub-prime is passed between pinch roller and linear guide rail; Adhesive tape sticks on the capacitor sub-prime on the stripe board; Pinch roller rotates and pulling adhesive tape (the moving belt dynamic pressure belt wheel of stripe board rotates) simultaneously, makes adhesive tape unreeling structure releasing adhesive tape.
Under the driving of servomotor, shift fork can move by following mode: after the stripe board front end arrived the position of placing capacitor sub-prime to be pasted, first capacitor sub-prime to be pasted was placed on the stripe board, and shift fork advances by the small step pitch stepper subsequently; Capacitor sub-prime to be pasted of every placement, then shift fork takes a step forward by the small step distance; When row on the stripe board full arranges the capacitor sub-prime; Shift fork takes a step forward by big step pitch; The stripe board of having arranged full row's capacitor sub-prime this moment is pushed to the pinch roller rear by shift fork; And next stripe board front end arrives the position (can adhesive tape be cut off this moment, make the adhesive tape on adjacent two stripe board separate, promptly be pasted with one section adhesive tape on each stripe board) of placing capacitor sub-prime to be pasted.
The present invention is provided with consecutive device and the pin welder of energizing; To after the rearrangement of capacitor sub-prime, locating,, can accomplish energizing and the pin welding of capacitor sub-prime automatically continuously by the sub-prime vibrating disk successively through device and the pin welder of energizing; Can reduce workload; Enhance productivity, cut down the consumption of energy, and make more compact of film capacitor production line structure; The device of energizing utilizes linear to support filler strip and supports the capacitor sub-prime; The capacitor sub-prime accepts to energize processing in the process that moves along linear support filler strip; Can make the capacitor sub-prime in the whole processing procedure of energizing, keep position accurately; Avoid capacitor sub-prime dislocation or drop, guarantee that the capacitor sub-prime accomplishes processings of energizing, the raising rate of finished products smoothly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure sketch map (overlooking) of the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 energizes the A of device to view among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the right view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of plate folding controlling organization of energizing in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the left view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the right view of the sub-prime connecting gear of pin welder among Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism in the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is that the B of sub-prime composing device among Fig. 1 is to view;
Figure 10 is the left view of sub-prime composing device among Fig. 1.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, this film capacitor production line comprises frame 1, sub-prime vibrating disk 2, sub-prime conveyer belt 3, the device 4 of energizing, pin welder 5 and sub-prime composing device 6.
The discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk 2 is connected with the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt 3, and the rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt 3 is provided with block 7, and a side of sub-prime conveyer belt 3 rear ends is provided with pusher 8.Pusher 8 comprises pusher cylinder 81 and charging ram 82, and pusher cylinder 81 is vertical each other with sub-prime conveyer belt 3, and the cylinder body 811 of pusher cylinder 81 is installed on the frame 1, and the piston rod 812 of pusher cylinder 81 is connected with charging ram 82.
Like Fig. 1-shown in Figure 3, the device 4 of energizing comprises that linear supports filler strip 42, two cross slide waies 43, two longitudinal rails 44, two energize plate 45, sub-prime hold-down mechanisms, can drive two the energize plate folding controlling organizations and can drive two energize plate 45 longitudinally guide rail 44 synchronously reciprocating energize plates advance and retreat controlling organizations of plate 45 along cross slide way 43 relative motions of energizing; Linear supports filler strip 42 and is fixed on the frame 1; It is perpendicular with sub-prime conveyer belt 3 that linear supports filler strip 42; Linear support filler strip 42 and pusher 8 are in the both sides of sub-prime conveyer belt 3 rear ends respectively, and linear support filler strip 42 front ends are corresponding with pusher 8 positions; Cross slide way 43 is fixed on the frame 1 and to support filler strip 42 vertical each other with linear, and two transverse sliders 46 that are slidingly matched with cross slide way 43 works are installed on each cross slide way 43; Two longitudinal rails 44 all support filler strip 42 with linear and are parallel to each other, and two transverse sliders 46 on each cross slide way 43 are connected with two longitudinal rails 44 correspondingly; It is corresponding one by one with two longitudinal rails 44 that two longitudinal sliding blocks 47, two of doing to be slidingly matched with longitudinal rail 44 plate 45 of energizing is installed on each longitudinal rail 44, and two longitudinal sliding blocks, 47 connections on energize plate 45 and the corresponding longitudinal rail 44; Two plates 45 of energizing are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip 42 respectively; And two energize respectively is provided with on the plate 45 along linear and supports nine conducting terminals 48 that filler strip 42 is equidistantly arranged; Two conducting terminal 48 positions of energizing on the plate 45 are corresponding one by one; The corresponding conducting terminal 48 in position partners on one conducting terminal 48 and another plate 45 of energizing of energizing on the plate 45, and paired conducting terminal 48 connects the voltage output end mouth of electric supply installations.
Two longitudinal rails 44 are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip 42 respectively; Two transverse sliders 46 on each cross slide way 43 are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip 42 respectively; In the both sides of linear support filler strip 42, two longitudinal rails 44 connect with corresponding two transverse sliders 46 separately; Support the longitudinal rail 44 of two transverse sliders, 46 these sides of support of filler strip 42 the same sides at linear.
The sub-prime hold-down mechanism comprises press strip 49 and press strip lift cylinder 410, and press strip 49 is in the top of linear support filler strip 42 and supports filler strip 42 with linear and parallels; Press strip lift cylinder 410 vertically is provided with, and the cylinder body 4101 of press strip lift cylinder 410 is located on the frame 1, and the piston rod 4102 of press strip lift cylinder 410 is connected down and with press strip 49.
As shown in Figure 4, in the present embodiment, the plate folding controlling organization of energizing comprises cross directional stretch spring 411, two braces 412, a cross bar 413 and can control the cross bar elevating mechanism that cross bar 413 goes up and down; The two ends of cross directional stretch spring 411 are connected with two longitudinal rails 44 respectively; Two brace 412 upper ends are hinged with two longitudinal rails 44 respectively, and two brace 412 lower ends are hinged with the two ends of cross bar 413 respectively, and the distance between two brace 412 upper ends is greater than the distance between two brace 412 lower ends; The cross bar elevating mechanism is located on the frame 1.The effect of cross bar elevating mechanism is to drive cross bar 413 to rise or descend; In the present embodiment, the cross bar elevating mechanism adopts cam mechanism, comprises cam 418, the cam rotating driving devices that can driving cam 418 rotate continuously, elevating lever 419, vertical extension spring 420; The upper end of elevating lever 419 is connected with cross bar 413; The lower end of elevating lever 419 is equipped with the roller 421 (cam 418 has curved profile, and roller 421 closely contacts with curved profile) that cooperates with cam 418, and elevating lever 419 is for moving towards up and down; Frame 1 is provided with the vertical guide pin bushing 422 of trend up and down, and elevating lever 419 is located in the vertical guide pin bushing 422; Vertically the upper end of extension spring 420 is connected with cross bar 413, and vertically the lower end of extension spring 420 is connected (vertically the effect of extension spring 420 is that cross bar 413 is applied downward pulling force, makes the roller 421 and the curved profile of cam 418 keep closely cooperating) with frame 1.The cross bar elevating mechanism also can adopt other elevating mechanism of the prior art, like cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, tooth bar/gear combination (gear is connected with electric-motor drive for rack and pinion engagement, tooth bar upper end connection cross bar), does not make more detailed description at this.
Like Fig. 5 and shown in Figure 6, in the present embodiment, the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization comprises horizontal guide rod 414, two horizontal guide pin bushings 415 and forks 416; Laterally guide rod 414 parallels with cross slide way 43, and two horizontal guide pin bushings 415 all are socketed on the horizontal guide rod 414 and are connected with two plates 45 of energizing respectively; The middle part of fork 416 is provided with the horizontal rotating shaft 417 that parallels with cross slide way 43, and laterally rotating shaft 417 is installed in rotation on the frame 1; The upper end of fork 416 is socketed on the horizontal guide rod 414; Frame 1 be provided with can driving pendulum rod 416 around the oscillating control mechanism of horizontal rotating shaft 417 reciprocally swingings, the clutch end of oscillating control mechanism cooperates with fork 46 lower ends.The effect of oscillating control mechanism is that driving pendulum rod 416 is around horizontal rotating shaft 417 reciprocally swingings; Oscillating control mechanism can adopt mechanism of the prior art, like cam mechanism, cylinder, linkage, does not make more detailed description at this.
Pin welder 5 comprises sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism, lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism, welding mechanism and sub-prime connecting gear, and lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism and welding mechanism are located on the frame 1.
Like Fig. 1 and shown in Figure 7; The sub-prime connecting gear comprises protractor 52, calibration rotating disk 53 and eight sub-prime anchor clamps 54; Calibration rotating disk 53 is fixedly mounted on the output shaft 55 of protractor 52, and sub-prime anchor clamps 54 are installed in circumferentially equidistantly distributing on the calibration rotating disk 53 and along calibration rotating disk 53; Protractor 52 has eight stations, is followed successively by sub-prime feed station 56-1, sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2, welding post 56-3, vacant station 56-4, a sub-prime and withdraws from station 56-5, vacant station 56-6, vacant station 56-7, vacant station 56-8; It is corresponding with sub-prime feed station 56-1 position that linear supports filler strip 42 rear ends; Sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2; Welding mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with welding post 56-3.The output shaft 55 of protractor 52 and calibration rotating disk 53 rotates by step-by-step system, revolution moving once (output shaft 55 of protractor 52 and calibration rotating disk 53 each rotate 45 °), sub-prime anchor clamps 54 station that advances.
Sub-prime anchor clamps 54 comprise clamp 541, two clamping plate 542, clamping plate back-moving spring 543, two diagonal control arms 544, a tranverse connecting rod 545 and a push rod 546; Clamp 541 is fixedly mounted on the calibration rotating disk 53; And clamp 541 is provided with slide rail 547; The trend of slide rail 547 is radially vertical each other with calibration rotating disk 53, and clamping plate 542 are provided with the slide block 548 that is slidingly matched with slide rail 547 works, and clamping plate back-moving spring 543 is extension springs; The two ends of clamping plate back-moving spring 543 are connected with two clamping plate 541 respectively; The outer end of two diagonal control arms 544 is hinged with two clamping plate 541 respectively, and the inner of two diagonal control arms 544 is hinged with the two ends of tranverse connecting rod 545 respectively, and the distance between the outer end of two diagonal control arms 544 is greater than the distance between the inner of two diagonal control arms 544; Push rod 546 is along the radially setting of calibration rotating disk 53, and the outer end of push rod 546 is connected with tranverse connecting rod 545; Be installed with cam 57 on the frame 1 (in the present embodiment; The output shaft 55 of protractor 52 has cavity 58; Frame 1 is provided with cam chair 59, and cam chair 59 is located in the cavity 58, and cam 57 is fixedly mounted on the cam chair 59); Cam 57 is in the inboard of the push rod 546 of each sub-prime anchor clamps 54, and push rod 546 the inners of each sub-prime anchor clamps 54 are equipped with the roller 549 that cooperates with cam 57.The inner of above-mentioned each parts is meant the end of parts such as diagonal control arm 544, push rod 546 near the axis of calibration rotating disk 53, and the outer end of each parts is meant an axis end far away of member distance calibration rotating disks 53 such as diagonal control arm 544, push rod 546; The dead in line of the center of cam 57 and calibration rotating disk 53.Above-mentioned cam 57, roller 549 and push rod 546 constitute cam mechanisms, and the cam mechanism of this programme adopts cam 57 fixing and mode that roller 549 and push rod 546 rotate around the center of cam 57 is worked.
As shown in Figure 8, sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism comprises that two axial location pieces 510, two axial location pieces along the axial setting of calibration rotating disk 53 drive cylinder 511, radial location piece 512, the radial location piece that radially is provided with along calibration rotating disk 53 drives cylinder 513; The piston rod 5132 of the piston rod 5112 of two axial location piece driving cylinders 511 and radial location piece driving cylinder 513 is all towards the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2; The cylinder body 5111 of two axial location piece driving cylinders 511 is installed on the frame 1 with the cylinder body 5131 that the radial location piece drives cylinder 513; Two axial location pieces 510 are connected with the piston rod 5112 of two axial location pieces driving cylinders 511 respectively, and radial location piece 512 is connected with the piston rod 5132 that the radial location piece drives cylinder 513; Two axial locating pieces 510 are divided into the both sides of the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2, and the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 and two axial locating piece 510 threes that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2 are on the same straight line that the output shaft 55 with protractor 53 parallels; Radial location piece 512 is located at the outside of the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2, and the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2 and radial location piece 512 both along the radial distribution of calibration rotating disk 53.Drive at two axial locating pieces under the driving of cylinders 511, two axial location pieces 510 can axially moving with respect to calibration rotating disk 53 along calibration rotating disk 53; Drive at the radial location piece under the driving of cylinder 513, radial location piece 512 can radially moving with respect to calibration rotating disk 53 along calibration rotating disk 53.
Above-mentioned lead feed mechanism (the lead feed mechanism comprises two actinobacillus wheels, two groups of propelling sheaves and thread drawing mechanism), tangent mechanism, welding mechanism all can adopt existing mechanism, do not make more detailed description at this.
Like Fig. 1, Fig. 9 and shown in Figure 10, sub-prime composing device 6 is located at the rear of pin welder 5; Sub-prime composing device 6 comprises stripe board feed mechanism, stripe board conveying mechanism and adhesive tape sticking mechanism.
The stripe board conveying mechanism comprises linear guide rail 62, five shift forks 63 and the shift fork driving mechanism that can shift fork 63 moves along linear guide rail 62; Linear guide rail 62 is installed on the frame 1; It is corresponding that linear guide rail 62 middle parts and sub-prime withdraw from station 56-5 position; Linear guide rail 62 comprises bottom surface supporting plate 64 and biside plate 65; Biside plate 65 is divided into the both sides of bottom surface supporting plate 64, and the bottom surface supporting plate 64 of linear guide rail 62 is provided with and the consistent linear gaps 66 of linear guide rail 62 trends; The shift fork driving mechanism comprises chain 67, drive sprocket 68, driven sprocket 69 and servomotor (servomotor does not draw among the figure); Drive sprocket 68 is installed on the frame 1 with driven sprocket 69 is all rotatable; Chain 67 is installed on drive sprocket 68 and the driven sprocket 69; Drive sprocket 68 is in transmission connection with servomotor; Chain 67 be located at linear gaps 66 under; Five shift forks 63 equidistantly are installed in (distance on the chain 67 between adjacent two shift forks 63 is greater than the length of stripe board 619) on the chain 67, and the shift fork 63 that is on chain 67 sections of moving ahead is positioned at linear gaps 66, and the top that is in the shift fork 63 on chain 67 sections of moving ahead is higher than the upper surface of the bottom surface supporting plate 64 of linear guide rail 62.
The stripe board feed mechanism comprises that storage grillage 610, six backplate vertical rods 611, push pedal 612 and push pedals drive cylinder 613; Storage grillage 610 is installed on the frame 1 and is located at a side of linear guide rail 62 front portions; Storage grillage 610 comprises base plate 614 and sidewall 615; Base plate 614 and sidewall 615 surround the stripe board that is used to pile up stripe board and store chamber 616; The bottom of sidewall 615 is provided with stripe board outlet 617 and inserts mouth 618 with push pedal; Stripe board outlet 617 is all stored chamber 616 with stripe board with push pedal insertion mouth 618 and is communicated with, and stripe board outlet 617 is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber 616 near linear guide rail 62, and the lower limb of stripe board outlet 617 is higher than the upper surface of the bottom surface supporting plate 64 of linear guide rail 62; Push pedal insertion mouth 618 is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber 616 away from linear guide rail 62, and push pedal insertion mouth 618 exports 617 positions with stripe board and aligns; The cylinder body 6131 that push pedal drives cylinder 613 is installed on the frame 1, and it is perpendicular with linear guide rail 62 that push pedal drives cylinder 613, and the piston rod 6132 that push pedal drives cylinder 613 is connected with push pedal 612, and push pedal 612 is corresponding with push pedal insertion mouthful 617 positions.Backplate vertical rod 611 is installed on the sidewall 615, and the space that each backplate vertical rod 611 surrounds is in stripe board and stores directly over the chamber 616, the open ended stripe board 619 in the space that each backplate vertical rod 611 surrounds.
Adhesive tape sticking mechanism comprises adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller 620, and adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller 620 are installed on the frame 1; The adhesive tape unreeling structure comprises a unreeling shaft 621, and the adhesive tape 622 of rolling is installed on the unreeling shaft 621; The adhesive tape guide mechanism comprises guide wheel 623; Pinch roller 620 is located at the top of linear guide rail 62, and stripe board 619 can be passed between pinch roller 6620 and linear guide rail 2.
Linear guide rail 62 middle parts and sub-prime withdraw from the corresponding position of station 56-5 and are between storage grillage 610 and the pinch roller 620.
Brief description is the operation principle of this film capacitor production line once:
(1) will wait to energize, the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin puts into sub-prime vibrating disk 2, after 2 pairs of capacitor sub-primes of sub-prime vibrating disk are put in order, located, gets into the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt 3 from the discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk 2; When the capacitor sub-prime arrived the rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt 3, the capacitor sub-prime was blocked by block 7 and stops to move ahead, and the piston rod 812 of pusher cylinder 81 stretches out, and the capacitor sub-prime of sub-prime conveyer belt 3 rear ends was delivered on the front end of linear support filler strip 42; Energize subsequently device 4, pin welder 5 successively to the capacitor sub-prime energize, pin welding, and be arranged on the stripe board 619 by the sub-prime composing device 6 capacitor sub-prime of welding pin;
(2) the energize operation principle of device 4 is summarized as follows:
Cross slide way 43 and longitudinal rail 44 are used to make two energize plate 45 and each conducting terminal 48 to keep the direction of motion accurately; Under the common control of energize the plate folding controlling organization and the plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing; Two plates 45 of energizing move by following step cycle: at first; After above the pusher 8 of being located at device 4 the place aheads of energizing is delivered to the capacitor sub-prime front end that linear supports filler strip 42; The plate folding controlling organization of energizing make two energize plate 45 along cross slide way 43 each other near; Foremost conducting terminal 48 contacts with the corresponding position of capacitor sub-prime respectively on one conducting terminal foremost 48 and another plate 45 of energizing of energizing on the plate 45, and jointly the capacitor sub-prime is clamped; Subsequently, the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization make two energize plate 45 longitudinally guide rail 44 move backward synchronously, the capacitor sub-prime is moved backward move a step (step pitch equal to energize the distance between adjacent two conducting terminals, 48 corresponding positions on the plate 45); Then, the plate folding controlling organization of energizing make two energize plate 45 along cross slide way 43 each other away from, two plates of energizing were opened in 45 minutes, the capacitor sub-prime is placed to linear and supports on the filler strip 42; Subsequently, the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization make two energize plate 45 longitudinally guide rail 44 move forward synchronously, be returned to initial position; Then, pusher 8 is delivered to next capacitor sub-prime above the front end of linear support filler strip 42, gets into next actuation cycle; In next actuation cycle, the capacitor sub-prime that just has been sent to linear support filler strip 42 front ends is at first clamped by pair of conductive terminal 48 foremost, and previous capacitor sub-prime is at first clamped by the pair of conductive terminal 48 of inferior front end.Above-mentioned actuation cycle of every completion; The capacitor sub-prime moves backward and moves a step; And the processing of once energizing is (when the corresponding conducting terminal 48 in position contacts with the corresponding position of capacitor sub-prime respectively and jointly the capacitor sub-prime clamped on conducting terminal 48 and another plate 45 of energizing of energizing on the plate 45; The capacitor sub-prime is applied voltage, the processing of energizing); Each capacitor sub-prime is clamped, is moved and unclamp by nine pairs of conducting terminals 48 successively from A-P, divides and energizes and move backward for nine times; When the pair of conductive terminal 48 of rearmost end is clamped capacitor sub-prime and moving backward and is moved a step, processings of energizing that the device 4 of energizing is accomplished the capacitor sub-prime, and the capacitor sub-prime that will accomplish the processing of energizing is delivered to pin welder 5.In the course of work; Support the upper surface of filler strip 42 at linear; The capacitor sub-prime supports filler strip 42 along linear and equidistantly arranges, and the spacing on the spacing on the linear support filler strip 42 between each capacitor sub-prime and the plate 45 of energizing between each conducting terminal 48 is consistent;
The energize operation principle of plate folding controlling organization: under the driving of cross bar elevating mechanism; Cross bar 413 rises or descends (when cam rotating driving device driving cam 418 rotates; By the curved profile of cam 418, make elevating lever 419 and cross bar 413 do corresponding elevating movement); When cross bar 413 rises; The lower end of two braces 412 is along with rising; Brace 412 overcomes the pulling force of cross directional stretch spring 411 and outwards swings around the pin joint of brace 412 lower ends and cross bar 413 at this moment; Distance between two braces, 412 upper ends increases, thereby the distance between two longitudinal rails 44 is increased, and two plates of energizing were opened in 45 minutes; When cross bar 413 descends; The lower end of two braces 412 is along with decline; This moment, brace 412 was inwardly swung around the pin joint of brace 412 lower ends and cross bar 413 under the acting in conjunction of cross bar elevating mechanism and cross directional stretch spring 411, and the distance between two braces, 412 upper ends reduces; Thereby the distance between two longitudinal rails 44 is reduced, two plate 45 obvolvents of energizing.Under the driving of cross bar elevating mechanism, transverse slider 46, longitudinal rail 44, the longitudinal sliding block 47 and the plate 45 of energizing that support filler strip 42 the same sides at linear move along cross slide way 43 together;
The operation principle of the plate of energizing advance and retreat controlling organization: through controlling fork 416 lower ends around horizontal rotating shaft 417 swings (arrow among Fig. 6 is represented the direction of fork 416 lower ends swing); May command fork 416 upper ends are around horizontal rotating shaft 417 swings, thus make horizontal guide rod 414, two horizontal guide pin bushings 415 and two energize plate 45 longitudinally guide rail 44 back and forth move forward and backward synchronously;
The operation principle of sub-prime hold-down mechanism: energize plate when opening in 45 minutes when two; The capacitor sub-prime is placed on linear and supports on the filler strip 42; The piston rod 4102 of press strip lift cylinder 410 stretches out at this moment, and press strip 49 descends and the capacitor sub-prime is pressed on linear and supports on the filler strip 42; When two energized plate 45 obvolvents or preparation obvolvent, the piston rod 4102 of press strip lift cylinder 410 shrank, and press strip 49 rises, and disengages with the capacitor sub-prime;
(3) operation principle of lead bonding device 5 is summarized as follows:
Under the drive of protractor 52; Calibration rotating disk 53 rotates; Sub-prime anchor clamps 54 move and pass through successively sub-prime feed station 56-1, sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2, welding post 56-3, vacant station 56-4 (capacitor sub-prime 514 not being handled at vacant station 56-4), sub-prime and withdraw from station 56-5, vacant station 56-6, vacant station 56-7, vacant station 56-8 (at vacant station 56-6,56-7,56-8, not having capacitor sub-prime 514 on the sub-prime anchor clamps 54) with calibration rotating disk 53; Withdraw from station 56-5 at sub-prime feed station 56-1, sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2, welding post 56-3 and sub-prime; Accomplishing capacitor sub-prime 514 successively sends to (at sub-prime feed station 56-1; At first sub-prime anchor clamps 4 are opened, and the device 4 of energizing will be accomplished the capacitor sub-prime of handling 514 of energizing and be delivered on the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime feed station 56-1; After the capacitor sub-prime 514 of pin to be welded gets into sub-prime anchor clamps 54; 54 clampings of sub-prime anchor clamps are also clamped capacitor sub-prime 514), positional deviation correction is (at sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2; The piston rod 5112 of two axial location piece driving cylinders 511 stretches out with the piston rod 5132 that the radial location piece drives cylinder 513 simultaneously; Radial location piece 512 and two axial locating pieces 510 move towards capacitor sub-prime 514 simultaneously; The position of capacitor sub-prime 514 is limited between radial location piece 512 and the two axial locating pieces 510; Correct position to capacitor sub-prime 514, makes capacitor sub-prime 514 be in suitable position), welding pin (at welding post 56-3, welding mechanism will be welded on the capacitor sub-prime 514 by two section leads that tangent mechanism downcuts), capacitor sub-prime withdraw from (when sub-prime withdraws from station 56-5; Sub-prime anchor clamps 54 are opened, and the capacitor sub-prime 514 on the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 is removed) etc. operation; Withdraw from station 56-5 at sub-prime; Capacitor sub-prime 514 withdraws from sub-prime anchor clamps 54; Sub-prime anchor clamps 54 move on subsequently; Through behind the vacant station 56-6,56-7,56-8, the capacitor sub-prime 514 of the next pin to be welded of receivability again when arriving sub-prime feed station 56-1 carries out the welding of next round pin;
The operation principle of sub-prime anchor clamps 54 is: withdraw from station 56-5 at sub-prime feed station 56-1 and sub-prime; Cam 57 jacking rollers 549 and push rod 546; Make roller 549 and push rod 546 along radially outward the moving of calibration rotating disk 53, tranverse connecting rod 545 is along with along radially outward the moving of calibration rotating disk 53, and this moment, diagonal control arm 544 overcame the pulling force of clamping plate back-moving spring 543 and around the pin joint swing of diagonal control arm 544 with tranverse connecting rod 545; Distance between two diagonal control arms, 544 outer ends increases; Thereby distance between two clamping plate 542 is increased and separately, can send capacitor sub-prime 514 to this moment to sub-prime anchor clamps 54, or take out capacitor sub-primes 514 from sub-prime anchor clamps 54; At sub-prime positional deviation correction station 56-2 and welding post 56-3; Cam 57 not pair roller 549 and push rod 546 carries out jacking; Under the effect of clamping plate back-moving spring 543; Distance between two clamping plate 541 reduces and clamping, clamps capacitor sub-prime 514, simultaneously tranverse connecting rod 545, push rod 546 and roller 549 radially moving inward along calibration rotating disk 53;
(4) operation principle of sub-prime composing device 6 is summarized as follows:
When the piston rod 6132 of push pedal driving cylinder 613 stretches out; Push pedal 612 is moved towards linear guide rail 62 along the direction perpendicular to linear guide rail 62; Push pedal 612 is inserted mouthful 618 entering stripe board from push pedal and is stored chamber 616; Stripe board is stored in the chamber 616 nethermost stripe board 619 release, and be pushed on the linear guide rail 62 from stripe board outlet 617; Carry out in the process of sub-prime composing, the stripe board of storing in the chamber 616 along with stripe board 619 is pushed on the linear guide rail 62 one by one, and the stripe board of holding in the space that each backplate vertical rod 611 surrounds 619 adds to stripe board one by one and stores in the chamber 616;
Under the driving of servomotor; Chain 67 drives shift forks 63 and advances (be on chain 67 sections of moving ahead shift fork 63 move from A-P along linear guide rail 62) along linear guide rail 62, and the stripe board 619 that promotes on the linear guide rail 62 is advanced along linear guide rail 62 together;
Unreeling shaft 621 releasing adhesive tape 622, adhesive tape is after guide wheel 623 guiding, and infantees is on pinch roller 620, and adhesive tape 622 scribbles the stripe board 619 of one side on linear guide rail 62 of adhesive; Before stripe board 619 arrived pinch roller 620, the capacitor sub-prime of welding pin was placed on the stripe board 619; When the stripe board that is placed with the capacitor sub-prime 619 is passed between pinch roller 620 and linear guide rail 62; The moving belt dynamic pressure belt wheel 620 of stripe board 619 rotates; Adhesive tape 622 sticks on the capacitor sub-prime on the stripe board 619; Pinch roller 620 rotates and pulling adhesive tape 622 simultaneously, makes unreeling shaft 621 releasing adhesive tape 622.
Under the driving of servomotor; Shift fork 63 moves by following mode: after stripe board 619 front ends arrive the position (being to withdraw from the corresponding position of station 56-5 with the sub-prime of pin welder on the linear guide rail 62) of placing capacitor sub-prime to be pasted; First capacitor sub-prime to be pasted is placed on the stripe board 619 (when being in capacitor sub-prime 514 on the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that sub-prime withdraws from station 56-5 and touching the stripe board 619 on the linear guide rail 62; Rely on the frictional force between stripe board 619 and the capacitor sub-prime 514; Stripe board 619 is being taken out capacitor sub-prime 514 when linear guide rail 62 slides from the sub-prime anchor clamps 54 that are in sub-prime and withdraw from station 56-5; And be placed on the stripe board 619), shift fork 63 advances by the small step pitch stepper subsequently; Capacitor sub-prime to be pasted of every placement, then shift fork 63 takes a step forward by the small step distance; When row on the stripe board 619 full arranges the capacitor sub-prime; Shift fork 63 takes a step forward by big step pitch; Stripe board 619 integral body of having arranged full row's capacitor sub-prime this moment are pushed to pinch roller 620 rears by shift fork 63, and next stripe board 619 front ends arrive the position of placing capacitor sub-prime to be pasted.

Claims (10)

1. film capacitor production line; Comprise frame, sub-prime vibrating disk, sub-prime conveyer belt, energize device and pin welder; The discharging opening of sub-prime vibrating disk is connected with the front end of sub-prime conveyer belt; The rear end of sub-prime conveyer belt is provided with block; One side of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end is provided with pusher; The pin welder comprises lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism, welding mechanism and sub-prime connecting gear, and lead feed mechanism, tangent mechanism and welding mechanism are located on the frame, it is characterized in that: the said device of energizing comprises that linear supports filler strip, at least one cross slide way, two longitudinal rails, two plates of energizing, can drive two the energize plate folding controlling organizations and can drive two energize plate longitudinally guide rail synchronously reciprocating energize plate advance and retreat controlling organizations of plate along the cross slide way relative motion of energizing; Linear supports filler strip and is fixed on the frame, and linear support filler strip and sub-prime conveyer belt are perpendicular, and linear support filler strip and pusher are in the both sides of sub-prime conveyer belt rear end respectively, and linear support filler strip front end is corresponding with the pusher position; Cross slide way is fixed on the frame and to support filler strip vertical each other with linear, and two transverse sliders that are slidingly matched with the cross slide way work are installed on each cross slide way; Two longitudinal rails all support filler strip with linear and are parallel to each other, and two transverse sliders on each cross slide way are connected with two longitudinal rails correspondingly; At least one and longitudinal rail are installed on each longitudinal rail make the longitudinal sliding block that is slidingly matched, two plates of energizing are corresponding one by one with two longitudinal rails, and each longitudinal sliding block connection on energize plate and the corresponding longitudinal rail; Two plates of energizing are in the both sides that linear supports filler strip respectively, and two energize respectively to be provided with along linear on the plate and support a plurality of conducting terminals that filler strip is equidistantly arranged, and two energize conducting terminal quantity on the plate are identical and the position is corresponding one by one; The sub-prime connecting gear comprises protractor, calibration rotating disk and a plurality of sub-prime anchor clamps, and the calibration rotating disk is fixedly mounted on the output shaft of protractor, and the sub-prime anchor clamps are installed in circumferentially equidistantly distributing on the calibration rotating disk and along the calibration rotating disk; Protractor has a plurality of stations, comprises that successively sub-prime feed station, welding post and sub-prime withdraw from station; It is corresponding with sub-prime feed station position that linear supports the filler strip rear end; Welding mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with welding post.
2. film capacitor production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the said plate folding controlling organization of energizing comprises cross directional stretch spring, two braces, cross bars and can control the cross bar elevating mechanism that cross bar goes up and down; The two ends of cross directional stretch spring are connected with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders be connected; Two jib heads are hinged with two longitudinal rails respectively, or respectively with same cross slide way on two transverse sliders hinged; Two brace lower ends are hinged with the two ends of cross bar respectively, and the distance between two jib heads is greater than the distance between two brace lower ends; The cross bar elevating mechanism is located on the frame.
3. film capacitor production line according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: said cross bar elevating mechanism comprises cam, the cam rotating driving device that can driving cam rotates continuously, elevating lever, vertical extension spring; The upper end of elevating lever is connected with cross bar, and the lower end of elevating lever is equipped with the roller that cooperates with cam, and elevating lever is for moving towards up and down; Frame is provided with the vertical guide pin bushing of trend up and down; Elevating lever is located in the vertical guide pin bushing, and vertically the upper end of extension spring is connected with cross bar, and vertically the lower end of extension spring is connected with frame.
4. film capacitor production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the said plate advance and retreat controlling organization of energizing comprises horizontal guide rod, two horizontal guide pin bushings and fork; Laterally guide rod and cross slide way parallel, and two horizontal guide pin bushings all are socketed on the horizontal guide rod and are connected with two plates of energizing respectively; The middle part of fork is provided with the horizontal rotating shaft that parallels with cross slide way, and laterally rotating shaft is installed in rotation on the frame; The upper end connection horizontal of fork perhaps is socketed on the horizontal guide rod to guide rod; Frame be provided with can driving pendulum rod around the oscillating control mechanism of horizontal rotating shaft reciprocally swinging.
5. film capacitor production line according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: the said device of energizing also comprises the sub-prime hold-down mechanism; The sub-prime hold-down mechanism comprises press strip and press strip lift cylinder, and press strip is in the top of linear support filler strip and supports filler strip with linear and parallels; The press strip lift cylinder vertically is provided with, and the cylinder body of press strip lift cylinder is located on the frame, and the piston rod of press strip lift cylinder is connected down and with press strip.
6. film capacitor production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also have sub-prime positional deviation correction station between the sub-prime feed station of said protractor and the welding post; Also be provided with sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism on the frame, sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism is arranged on the position corresponding with sub-prime positional deviation correction station; Sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism comprise two can be along the radial location piece that radially moves of calibration rotating disk with respect to the calibration rotating disk along the axial location piece that axially moves with respect to the calibration rotating disk of calibration rotating disk and one; Two axial locating piece branches are located at the both sides of the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station; And the sub-prime anchor clamps and the two axial locating piece threes that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station are located on the same straight line that the output shaft with protractor parallels; The radial location piece is located at the outside of the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station, and is in sub-prime anchor clamps and the radial location piece of the sub-prime positional deviation correction station radial distribution along the calibration rotating disk.
7. film capacitor production line according to claim 6; It is characterized in that: said sub-prime positional deviation correction mechanism comprises that also two axial location pieces along the axial setting of calibration rotating disk drive cylinders, the radial location piece that radially is provided with along the calibration rotating disk drives cylinder; The piston rod that the piston rod of two axial location piece driving cylinders and radial location piece drive cylinder is all towards the sub-prime anchor clamps that are in sub-prime positional deviation correction station; The cylinder body that the cylinder body of two axial location piece driving cylinders and radial location piece drive cylinder is installed on the frame; Two axial location pieces are connected with the piston rod of two axial location pieces driving cylinders respectively, and the radial location piece is connected with the piston rod that the radial location piece drives cylinder.
8. film capacitor production line according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said sub-prime anchor clamps comprise clamp, two clamping plate, clamping plate back-moving spring, two diagonal control arms, a tranverse connecting rod and push rods, and clamp is fixedly mounted on the calibration rotating disk; And clamp is provided with slide rail; The trend of slide rail is radially vertical each other with the calibration rotating disk, and clamping plate are provided with the slide block that is slidingly matched with the slide rail work, and the clamping plate back-moving spring is an extension spring; The two ends of clamping plate back-moving spring are connected with two clamping plate respectively, perhaps are connected with two slide blocks respectively; The outer end of two diagonal control arms is hinged with two clamping plate respectively, and the inner of two diagonal control arms is hinged with the two ends of tranverse connecting rod respectively, and the distance between the outer end of two diagonal control arms is greater than the distance between the inner of two diagonal control arms; Push rod is along the radially setting of calibration rotating disk, and the outer end of push rod is connected with tranverse connecting rod; Be installed with cam on the frame, cam is in the inboard of the push rod of each sub-prime anchor clamps, and push rod the inner of each sub-prime anchor clamps is equipped with the roller that cooperates with cam.
9. according to each described film capacitor production line of claim 1-8, it is characterized in that: the rear of said pin welder is provided with the sub-prime composing device, and the sub-prime composing device comprises stripe board feed mechanism, stripe board conveying mechanism and adhesive tape sticking mechanism; The stripe board conveying mechanism comprises linear guide rail, a plurality of shift fork and the shift fork driving mechanism that can shift fork moves along the linear guide rail; The linear guide rail is installed on the frame; It is corresponding that linear guide rail middle part and sub-prime withdraw from the station position; The shift fork driving mechanism comprises chain, drive sprocket, driven sprocket and servomotor, and drive sprocket and driven sprocket are all rotatable to be installed on the frame, and chain is installed on drive sprocket and the driven sprocket; Drive sprocket and servomotor are in transmission connection, and said a plurality of shift forks equidistantly are installed on the chain; The stripe board feed mechanism comprises that storage grillage, push pedal and push pedal drive cylinder; The storage grillage is installed on the frame and is located at the anterior side of linear guide rail; The storage grillage comprises base plate and sidewall, and base plate and sidewall surround the stripe board that is used to pile up stripe board and store the chamber, and the bottom of sidewall is provided with stripe board outlet and push pedal insertion mouth; Stripe board outlet and push pedal insertion mouth all store the chamber with stripe board and are communicated with; The stripe board outlet is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber near the linear guide rail, and push pedal insertion mouth is positioned at stripe board and stores the side of chamber away from the linear guide rail, and the cylinder body that push pedal drives cylinder is installed on the frame; The piston rod that push pedal drives cylinder is connected with push pedal, and push pedal is corresponding with push pedal insertion mouthful position; Adhesive tape sticking mechanism comprises adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller, and adhesive tape unreeling structure, adhesive tape guide mechanism and pinch roller are installed on the frame, and pinch roller is located at the top of linear guide rail.
10. film capacitor production line according to claim 9 is characterized in that: said linear guide rail comprises bottom surface supporting plate and biside plate, and biside plate is divided into the both sides of bottom surface supporting plate; The bottom surface supporting plate of linear guide rail is provided with and the consistent linear gaps of linear guide rail trend; Chain be located at linear gaps under, be in shift fork on the chain section of moving ahead and be positioned at the upper surface that linear gaps and its top are higher than the bottom surface supporting plate of linear guide rail.
CN2010105387239A 2010-11-11 2010-11-11 Production line of film capacitors CN101976614B (en)

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CN104517732A (en) * 2013-09-29 2015-04-15 佛山市南海区欣源电子有限公司 Integrated technology and integrated device for noninductive thin film capacitor oiling, enabling, welding, and arranging
CN104021949B (en) * 2014-01-17 2017-02-15 宁波中车新能源科技有限公司 Groove-pressing equipment for super capacitor housing
CN106003698A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-10-12 浙江双林机电科技有限公司 Production method for concrete protection lining
CN105965874A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-09-28 浙江双林机电科技有限公司 Automatic feeding and welding device used for producing concrete protection lining
CN105835355A (en) * 2016-05-28 2016-08-10 浙江双林机电科技有限公司 Concrete protection lining production equipment
CN106842426A (en) * 2016-12-16 2017-06-13 中国电子科技集团公司第四十研究所 A kind of high-voltage discharging electrode spacing regulator
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