CN101914925B - Basement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall - Google PatentsBasement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN101914925B CN101914925B CN2010102523091A CN201010252309A CN101914925B CN 101914925 B CN101914925 B CN 101914925B CN 2010102523091 A CN2010102523091 A CN 2010102523091A CN 201010252309 A CN201010252309 A CN 201010252309A CN 101914925 B CN101914925 B CN 101914925B
- Prior art keywords
- prefabricated arch
- composite prefabricated
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- Expired - Fee Related
- 239000002131 composite material Substances 0.000 title claims abstract description 89
- 238000010276 construction Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 102
- 239000004567 concrete Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 59
- 238000006073 displacement reaction Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 18
- 238000005457 optimization Methods 0.000 claims description 31
- 210000003205 Muscles Anatomy 0.000 claims description 26
- 241001669679 Eleotris Species 0.000 claims description 23
- 239000004927 clay Substances 0.000 claims description 15
- 229910052570 clay Inorganic materials 0.000 claims description 15
- 239000011435 rock Substances 0.000 claims description 13
- 238000005034 decoration Methods 0.000 claims description 6
- 241000446313 Lamella Species 0.000 claims description 5
- 238000007789 sealing Methods 0.000 claims description 5
- 231100001004 fissure Toxicity 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000010079 rubber tapping Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 238000005265 energy consumption Methods 0.000 abstract description 2
- 230000002265 prevention Effects 0.000 abstract 1
- 239000003795 chemical substances by application Substances 0.000 description 36
- 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 description 28
- 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 18
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 description 15
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 description 15
- 230000002787 reinforcement Effects 0.000 description 12
- 241000893018 Armeria Species 0.000 description 11
- 238000009412 basement excavation Methods 0.000 description 11
- 238000004873 anchoring Methods 0.000 description 9
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 9
- 238000009434 installation Methods 0.000 description 8
- 238000009826 distribution Methods 0.000 description 7
- 238000009413 insulation Methods 0.000 description 7
- 238000011065 in-situ storage Methods 0.000 description 6
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 6
- 239000011150 reinforced concrete Substances 0.000 description 6
- 230000003014 reinforcing Effects 0.000 description 6
- 150000001875 compounds Chemical class 0.000 description 5
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 5
- 230000002093 peripheral Effects 0.000 description 5
- 239000004568 cement Substances 0.000 description 4
- 238000007906 compression Methods 0.000 description 4
- 239000011440 grout Substances 0.000 description 4
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 description 4
- 238000002156 mixing Methods 0.000 description 4
- 238000009423 ventilation Methods 0.000 description 4
- 230000015572 biosynthetic process Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000005520 cutting process Methods 0.000 description 3
- 230000018109 developmental process Effects 0.000 description 3
- 230000002349 favourable Effects 0.000 description 3
- 238000003780 insertion Methods 0.000 description 3
- 230000011218 segmentation Effects 0.000 description 3
- 239000000126 substance Substances 0.000 description 3
- 230000005641 tunneling Effects 0.000 description 3
- 230000036536 Cave Effects 0.000 description 2
- 210000002421 Cell Wall Anatomy 0.000 description 2
- 230000003044 adaptive Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000005452 bending Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005755 formation reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000001764 infiltration Methods 0.000 description 2
- 230000001788 irregular Effects 0.000 description 2
- 238000005086 pumping Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000004576 sand Substances 0.000 description 2
- 230000035939 shock Effects 0.000 description 2
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 description 2
- 239000002023 wood Substances 0.000 description 2
- 235000008733 Citrus aurantifolia Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 241001269238 Data Species 0.000 description 1
- 241000196324 Embryophyta Species 0.000 description 1
- 210000003127 Knee Anatomy 0.000 description 1
- 240000004713 Pisum sativum Species 0.000 description 1
- 235000010582 Pisum sativum Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 235000015450 Tilia cordata Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 235000011941 Tilia x europaea Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 229910001315 Tool steel Inorganic materials 0.000 description 1
- 230000000996 additive Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000000654 additive Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000002411 adverse Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010923 batch production Methods 0.000 description 1
- 235000019994 cava Nutrition 0.000 description 1
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 230000001808 coupling Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000010168 coupling process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000005859 coupling reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000000280 densification Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000004744 fabric Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000007667 floating Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 1
- 239000003673 groundwater Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000007373 indentation Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000009776 industrial production Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000004615 ingredient Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000004571 lime Substances 0.000 description 1
- 230000036244 malformation Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000004519 manufacturing process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000003825 pressing Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000004080 punching Methods 0.000 description 1
- 231100000817 safety factor Toxicity 0.000 description 1
- 238000007569 slipcasting Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000002522 swelling Effects 0.000 description 1
- 238000004642 transportation engineering Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000003466 welding Methods 0.000 description 1
The invention discloses a basement by using an optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as an external wall. The basement comprises the external wall, basement upright posts/upright post piles, a horizontal supporting beam, a connecting beam/ring beam/lintel, a floor, a foundation and a bottom basement bottom plate, and is characterized in that the basement also comprises an inverted arch slab below the bottom basement bottom plate, wherein the external wall is the optimized composite prefabricated arch wall consisting of a prefabricated arch wall and a cast-in-place water-proof concrete wall; the connecting beam/ring beam/lintel is fixed on the optimized composite prefabricated arch wall of the floor; a drain pipe is previously buried in the connecting beam/ring beam/lintel; the foundation is a strip-shaped foundation which is positioned at the bottom of the optimized composite prefabricated arch wall and provided with a drain groove; the foundation is butted with the inverted arch slab; the concave surface of the inverted arch slab faces the bottom basement bottom plate; and a water drainage channel is formed between the foundation and the inverted arch slab and communicated with a water collection tank. The optimized composite prefabricated arch wall is combined with an underground main structure of a high-rise building, so the problems such as supporting and load bearing, construction safety, displacement prevention and the like can be solved, the money spent for supporting a foundation pit is halved, and low resource consumption and low energy consumption are ensured.
Patent application of the present invention is to divide an application; Be be that November 19, application number in 2008 are 200810182255.9 the applying date, the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention that denomination of invention is the compound arch wall of optimization that combines with agent structure of precast arch piece, supporting.Technical field the invention belongs to construction work member field and highrise building or underground building foundation pit supporting construction category, particularly relates to a kind of multifunctional precast arch piece; The invention still further relates to multi-functional space enclosing structure and underground agent structure exterior walls such as having carrying, supporting; The compound arch wall of optimization that specifically a kind of supporting and protection structure combines with agent structure the invention still further relates to and utilizes the basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall.
The background technology building unit is prefabricated to be the important symbol of Building technology development, also is the inexorable trend of production-line style construction.But present prefabricated units function singleness, interchangeability is poor, is unfavorable for the raising of large-scale industrial production and quality, benefit.
Traditional Base hole supporting technology is through means such as retaining wall, support, rock-reinforcings, reaches retaining soil, waterproof, antiseepage, prevents displacement, the purpose that creates good conditions for main structure construction.Along with the also increase day by day of the underground degree of depth of China's building, deep foundation pit technology grows up thereupon.In the ten big technology of Ministry of Construction's popularization in 2005; Deep foundation pit support comprises support technology in composite soil nailing wall support technology, prestressed anchor construction technology, the combination, the compound agitation pile supporting and protection structure technology of shaped steel cement-soil and freezes the campshed law technology, but ubiquity takes up an area of greatly, many, the high deficiency of equipment requirements of investment.In April, 2008; The Department of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Construction are the construction design and construction of promotion, guiding and standard China deep excavation project; Started Eleventh Five-Year Plan science and technology support plan key project " underground excavation project rock-reinforcing Study on Key Technique "; Comprise base pit engineering key technology and method research, foundation ditch groundwater control method and monitoring of leakage technical research, pattern foundation pit supporting structure new technology and new material research, pattern foundation pit supporting structure optimization integrated system and four problems of deep big foundation pit engineering demonstration; Purpose is a collection of base pit engineering design, construction, monitoring technology and the methods with independent intellectual property right of research and development, proposes the minimizing accident of a cover comprehensive integration, the base pit engineering safe mass guarantee system that reduces cost, protects environment, economizes on resources.
In fact, supporting and protection structure can be regarded as by the two large divisions and form: the one, and retaining wall, the 2nd, support.The two independence or combination are used and have just been formed various support systems.Retaining wall comprises the support of steel wood, sheet pile supporting, castinplace pile, deep-mixed pile and diaphragm wall.Support comprises shores and draws anchor; Draw anchor to divide single anchor, many anchors again.
Development along with the deep-foundation pit engineering technology; Open caisson or caisson that cement mixing method, soil nailing wall, drilled pile hole digging pile, punching stake, tube-sinking cast-in-situ pile, precast reinforced concrete piles, diaphragm wall and SMW worker's method diaphragm wall and special structure are used are widely used, but still are to be master's technology with foundation ditch temporary lining generally.Point out as " China's deep-foundation pit engineering Recent Progress in recent years ": " though deep-foundation pit engineering belongs to temporary work; its technical complexity far is far more than nonvolatil foundation structure or superstructure; careless slightly; not only will jeopardize the safety of foundation ditch own, and can bring disaster to construction of structures, road and bridge and the various underground installation that closes on, and brings about great losses.In addition; Many technical datas when deep-foundation pit engineering design needs with excavation construction are foundation, tend in the excavation construction process to occur to be difficult to prevision in advance and handle afterwards, cause that the inside and outside soil deformation of supporting and protection structure internal force and displacement and foundation ditch takes place by all unexpected variations.Even the diaphragm wall in the fashionable world, also exist cost high, to handle spoir and waste mud, cell wall caves in and all problems of seepage.
The technical problem that summary of the invention the present invention will solve be to provide a kind of simple in structure, make easily, the multifunctional precast arch piece of efficient rapid construction.Second technical problem that the present invention will solve is the compound arch wall of the optimization that provides a kind of supporting to combine with agent structure.
It is following that the present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme of being taked: a kind of multifunctional precast arch piece, it is characterized in that it comprises the connection rib that arch bar and two ends are provided with, and arch bar and connection rib include the cage of reinforcement concrete peripheral with being coated on cage of reinforcement; Cage of reinforcement comprises several distribution bars affixed between two main muscle and the main muscle; The two ends of main muscle are provided with extends crotch connection rib concrete rear end face, that bend laterally; The centre is provided with extends the anchoring moving bar arch bar back, both sides extension to the left and right, and anchoring moving bar external part is provided with to the crooked folding hook of centerline direction; Connection rib is provided with and is used for the interconnective connecting hole of adjacent arch sheet.
This multifunctional precast arch piece provided by the present invention is that construction work, underground construction, construction of tunnel are prefabricated, a new road has been walked out in batch production, standardization.
Multifunctional precast arch piece is used for the highrise building pattern foundation pit supporting structure, can realize the unification of outer wall of basement and supporting and protection structure simultaneously, replaces current advanced heaviness, the diaphragm wall of high price, solves stressed, waterproof, all problems of draining simultaneously.Remove to keep diaphragm wall low noise, low vibrations, rigidity is big, distortion is little; Outside advantages such as surrounding enviroment influences is little; Also having need not special-purpose machinery, construction is fast, low, the impervious ability of cost is strong; Need not to adopt the outer rotary churning pile water stopping in hole, the anti-drainage measure of buttress and inwall can solve anti-drainage problem economical and practically in the hole.
Multifunctional precast arch piece is used for retaining wall: can practice thrift the lot of materials resource, and the reduction of erection time, and have reliable workmanship and durability.
Multifunctional precast arch piece is used for the earthing exterior wall and the earthing top board of backer or hillside earth: remove and to have solved retaining wall and exterior wall unites two into one; Saved outside one body of wall; Also practiced thrift the soil; Because one to three exterior wall closely contacts with massif, utilizes stratum characteristic cool in summer and warm in winter, has practiced thrift the energy.
Handle spoir and waste mud, exist cell wall to cave in and all problems of seepage to diaphragm wall cost height, needs; It is a kind of under low consumption high-performance prerequisite that second technical problem that the present invention will solve is to provide; Realize safety, high-quality, fast, protection environment purpose, have the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that the supporting and protection structure of each item function of diaphragm wall combines with agent structure; This optimization composite prefabricated arch wall has solved the pattern foundation pit supporting structure problem automatically when not digging the underground agent structure of foundation ditch adverse construction method.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that second technical problem take: the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that a kind of supporting and protection structure combines with agent structure; It is characterized in that: this optimization composite prefabricated arch wall comprises prefabricated arch wall and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall, the mutual fissure of displacement of construction joint of the construction joint of prefabricated arch wall and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall; Cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall is located between the prefabricated arch wall outside and the clay model; Prefabricated arch wall is mutually permanently connected by polylith precast arch piece upper and lower, left and right and constitutes; Sleeper master muscle vertically is arranged in the crotch place of two adjacent precast arch pieces of horizontal direction from bottom to top; Each floor of below ground, respectively encircle adjacent two precast arch pieces of lamella the crotch cross fixation in sleeper master muscle; The connecting hole of adjacent two precast arch pieces is installed connecting bolt, adjacent two precast arch pieces is fixedly connected or/and through the interior lacing wire of arch near several piece precast arch piece drawknot is fixed together; Layer of concrete between the connection rib of precast arch piece, sleeper master muscle and the clay model constitutes sleeper.
Further, strengthen the anchoring moving bar fixed connection that adjacent two precast arch pieces of lamella are encircleed difference in lacing wire, constitute the rhombus steel mesh reinforcement.
Optimization composite prefabricated arch wall provided by the invention is different from by increasing the self-support supporting scheme of supporting member; Also be different from the scheme that the diaphragm wall that leans on thick and heavy costliness and agent structure partly combine; More be different from the contrary of extra-fill that to combine with the agent structure exterior wall to backbreak and make the prefabricated arch wall scheme, but do not increasing basically under the prerequisite of agent structure workload, adopt agent structure and optimize the scheme that composite prefabricated arch wall combines comprehensively.
The 3rd technical problem that the present invention will solve is to provide a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes, and comprises exterior wall, basement column/stand column pile, horizontal shore, linking beam/collar tie beam/lintel, floor, basis and bottom basement bottom board; It is characterized in that: it also comprises the anti-arch board that is positioned at below the bottom basement bottom board; Exterior wall is the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that prefabricated arch wall and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall constitute; This floor is optimized above the composite prefabricated arch wall fixedly linking beam/collar tie beam/lintel, and linking beam/collar tie beam/lintel is embedded with tapping pipe, and the basis is to be positioned at the strip foundation of optimizing bottom the composite prefabricated arch wall, and strip foundation is provided with the sluicing groove; Dock with anti-arch board on the basis, and the concave surface of anti-arch board constitutes drainage channel between the two towards the bottom basement bottom board, and drainage channel is communicated with collecting-tank.
Optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall combines with the underground agent structure of highrise building; Can easily solve supporting carrying, construction safety, prevent all problems of displacement; And; Practice thrift the pattern foundation pit supporting structure fund at double, having tangible low consumption is that resource consumption is few, energy consumption is low, time loss is few, capital consumption is low; High-performance is stressed high-performance, use multi-functional advantage.Optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall not only as retaining soil, waterproof enclosure wall, also is basement load-bearing exterior wall.Its wall thickness need not increase thickness and just can solve pattern foundation pit supporting structure, retaining soil, waterproof, antiseepage, protection against the tide, ventilation, heat insulation all problems, and have functions such as noise reduction, light trough, decoration by underground agent structure load-bearing exterior wall control.
Optimize composite prefabricated arch wall and be used for the shallow foundation hole, can the directly positive practice construct; Deep foundation ditch should be pressed reverse construction, and its construction process divides two kinds of first post method and rear pillar methods:
Elder generation's post method is applicable to broken ground, and construction process is at first construction works stand column pile and column, as the vertical support system of underground structure.Cut the earth again to the basement roof lower edge, build basement first floor beam and slab structure with clay model, as the underground structure horizontal support elements.Then, wall displacement outside B1, excavation highly equals the small-sized tunnel of floor height, width＜3m, and optimizes composite prefabricated arch wall with digging with building B1.After exterior wall is accomplished, can cut out this layer surplus earth, and the beam slab of construction B1 structure, simultaneously, connect high ground floor pillar and wallboard, construction ground floor structure; Continue it, use same quadrat method, construct underground two layers exterior wall, the earthwork and beam slab and F2/B2 structure are accomplished until underground bottom exterior wall, and are built base plate and finish until engineering.Shortcoming be lack small-sized, flexibly, digging machine efficiently, the shoveling progress is slowed down, but has saved the construction of continuous concrete wall time.
The rear pillar method is applicable to firm hard formation, and construction process is at first to cut the earth to the basement roof lower edge, builds basement first floor beam and slab structure with clay model, as the underground structure horizontal support elements.Then; In B1 exterior wall and post net position; One side or two sides excavation highly equal the small-sized tunnel of floor height, width＜3m, and optimize composite prefabricated arch wall and column with digging with building B1, but exterior wall and a column of the post net spacing of at every turn only constructing; And the superstructure bearing safety degree of accounting cut-out, and accomplish the assembly unit cast of optimization composite prefabricated arch wall and the upright work of frame of steel column or steel pipe column as early as possible in the bottom.After exterior wall and column are accomplished, can cut out this layer surplus earth, and the beam slab of construction B1 structure, make post, wall, beam, hardening is combined into integral body.Continue it, use same quadrat method, construct underground two layers exterior wall, column, the earthwork and beam slab are accomplished until underground bottom exterior wall and column, and are built arch raft foundation base plate after intensity reaches designing requirement, carry out the superstructure construction again.Shortcoming is that construction speed is slow slightly, but reduction effect is more remarkable.
The innovation of the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention technical scheme that to be supporting and protection structure combine with agent structure comprehensively; Being different from the prior art characteristic is to adopt novel optimization composite prefabricated arch wall to replace diaphragm wall; With the small-sized cavern construction under the protection of deep big foundation pit construction becoming top board; The outer wall of basement construction is become the job practices less than the small-sized cavern abutment wall construction of floor height; It is not digging foundation ditch, is not doing special pattern foundation pit supporting structure member, in steady construction, has easily solved the influence to the intensive building of periphery in agent structure; Solved the construction safety problem; Be improve the quality, reduce cost, protect environment, new effective way economizes on resources
Optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention is in the underground agent structure of construction; Automatically solve foundation ditch temporary lining problem; Comprise problems such as enclosure wall, retaining soil, waterproof, antiseepage, anti-displacement, and need not spend fund, material, the energy and the time of special temporary lining additive decrementation.
Key of the present invention is the diaphragm wall that replaces the fashionable world with the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of prefabricated and cast-in-place combination; Adopt overall contrary the work, method is just being made in layering, segmentation, replaces diaphragm wall with optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall; Do not need pattern foundation pit supporting structure separately; When accomplishing underground main structure construction, the safe construction of settling a dispute by the parties concerned themselves, foundation ditch is stable and peripheral stable problem, not only can have the function of retaining soil that diaphragm wall has, dash, impervious, carrying; And have construction fast, immediately stressed, degree of safety is high, the resist displacement ability is strong, malformation is little, to advantages such as surrounding enviroment influences are minimum.Simultaneously, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall and also possess heat insulation, moistureproof, waterproof, drain function, and can be used as the usefulness of light trough, ventilation, finishing.Optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall need not special equipment, is convenient to large-scale industrialization production, and construction can be practiced thrift mass energy, material and construction fund, 1/5 to 1/10 of the suitable diaphragm wall of its cost fast.
The scope of application of the present invention is also wide more than diaphragm wall, except that whole being suitable for of five types of base pit engineerings that diaphragm wall is suitable for; Both, also be applicable to the small size underground construction applicable to the large tracts of land underground construction; Both be applicable to big depth underground engineering, also be applicable to little depth underground engineering; Both be applicable to complex-shaped underground construction, also be applicable to the underground construction of simple shape.To the size of environmental requirement, working space, good adaptive capacity is arranged all.Like the deep foundation of big depth underground engineering or highrise building, available tunneling reverse construction; The shallow foundation of little depth underground engineering or multistory building, the positive practice construction of available open cut.Also extend to the retaining wall engineering, facts have proved, optimize compound retaining wall force of gravity formula retaining wall attenuate 90%.
Its theory and practice of optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention is according to being:
1, optimize stressedly, give full play to concrete resistance to compression advantage, can the attenuate wall thickness more than 40%;
Optimize and work by the multispan double-arch structure immediately after composite prefabricated arch wall is installed; The horizontal earth pressure that can will in foundation ditch, act on is converted into arch ring axle power; This arch ring axle power makes the arch cross section be in the small eccentric pressure state, avoid the arch ring cross section receive curved pull open bad because concrete crushing strength is higher approximately 10 times than tensile strength; Each cross section pressurized has been given full play to concrete resistance to compression advantage.Therefore, under same safety factor, the design thickness that receives the kinking structure than diaphragm wall, steel wood knee wall, sheet pile support wall, perfusion piling wall, deep-mixed pile wall isoline is attenuate significantly.As diaphragm wall thickness be 60～100cm, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall as long as 35～45cm, and, practice thrift a large amount of reinforcing bars; The completion of optimization composite prefabricated arch wall is connected with last lower ring beam or adopts reinforcement arch sheet then to press barrel shell work, more helps optimizing stressed.
2, reduce span of arch degree, displacement is further reduced;
Under the same thickness situation, reduce span and equal to increase rigidity; Optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall is that prefabricated arch wall and the cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall that the arch sheet of 1m is built constitutes by span; Than the contrary little manyfold of span of making prefabricated arch wall, cement mixing pile prefabricated arch wall, castinplace pile prefabricated arch wall of the steel concrete of building by foundation ditch span or post net span; The corresponding increase of its rigidity, displacement further reduces.
3, adopt the smooth arch of little ratio of rise to span of optimizing arch convergence district;
Can not only adapt to the variation that load distributes, stress performance is best generally, and axle power is big, and is eccentric little, helps lateral earth pressure is pulled open the bad compression damage that changes into to structure curved, improve greatly supporting capacity.The arch springing horizontal thrust makes sleeper or structural upright be in triaxial stress state, improves the anti-bending strength of post.When the arch springing horizontal thrust acts on sleeper or structural upright; Left and right sides thrust is cancelled out each other; Sleeper or structural upright are under the situation that horizontal thrust is pushed and vertical load pushes and are bent; And the component that points to the inner generation moment of flexure of basement reduces with the horizontal thrust increase, helps whole opposing displacement.
4, deepening big foundation pit construction is the shallow little constructing tunnel under the top board protection, guarantees construction safety;
For the difficulty of construction that deep big foundation pit increases, available overall contrary the work, layering, segmentation are just being constructed as method and are being solved.The foundation pit side-wall area of so each exposure is very little, highly is no more than floor height, and length is no more than a post net length, and safety will greatly improve.
5, utilize the certainly steady time of precast arch piece and country rock, land movement around preventing;
Country rock or pit earthwork all have certain for the steady time after excavating, and increase gradually even press also.Because of precast arch piece has reached design strength; Utilize optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that precast arch piece makes up as body of wall internal mold, the soil body as external mold; Can, completion in quick, general about two hours install on country rock before pressing; Can be stressed immediately after installation and the pouring cast-in-situ concrete, even the cast-in-situ concrete ot-yet-hardened can not bear any horizontal force, only depend on the thick optimization precast arch piece of 6cm just can bear the lateral pressure of 400KPa.In addition; Accomplished stratum displacement work with the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall at the utmost point in short time; This on foundation pit walls horizontal support, that be no more than floor height, that exposed area is very little is arranged; Fully can be littler than the displacement of standard control, make the safety problem of neighboring buildings, road, pipe network more guaranteed.
6, the four sides supporting construction after three surface bearing structures or the construction that existing cantilevered space enclosing structure is become work progress accomplished has improved stress performance, has reduced the buried depth of space enclosing structure;
There is the single stake of the cantilevered space enclosing structure insertion depth should not be less than 1 times of cutting depth; Cantilevered arcuate peripheral protection structure insertion depth can be littler.The present invention builds by the agent structure requirement, need not increase insertion depth.
7, adopt arch formula raft foundation to solve the protuberance problem, replace complicated anti-grand structural system or thick and heavy negative;
Dongfanghong underground commercial center, Lanzhou is positioned at high water level area, center, Lanzhou, the long 200m of foundation ditch, wide 100m; The maximum buried depth 10.2m of engineering; There is 7.2m to be embedded in the water, on the design basis of the original abutment wall bar base of agent structure, independent foundation under column, adopts to add contact beam and arch formula raft foundation; In antiarch, add gravel french drain counterweight, successfully solved protuberance and anti-floating problem.Formally came into operation intact so far normal business from 1996.
8, adopt cast-in-place waterproof concrete and optimize the arch sheet fissure of displacement, eliminate the construction straight joint, forbid that reinforcing bar penetrates, mud jacking leak stopping, part be provided with expansion sealing rod and the inboard measures such as space draining of arch sheet, satisfactorily resolved the anti-drainage problem of Underwater Engineering;
9, the cast-in-place waterproof concrete layer that is provided with of the outside; Be convenient to vertical layered closely knit making firm by ramming; Do not exist bottom land layer sediment to influence the problem of bearing capacity; And utilize native external mold that cast-in-place waterproof concrete is closely contacted with the peripheral soil body, utilize country rock frictional force and cohesion, improve shock resistance and exterior wall bearing capacity.
10, utilize to optimize the space that composite prefabricated arch wall is practiced thrift, can solve problems such as draining, damp proof insulation, heat insulation, ventilation, light trough and decoration support,
Below, will obscure easily in existing three big advanced technologies of the present invention and the present invention and compare:
The first, make prefabricated arch wall relatively with contrary
2007 registration geotechnical engineering teachers training schools already take an examination and review study course, the 4th edition introduction: " the contrary prefabricated arch wall structure of doing is arc-planes such as excavation of foundation pit is circular, ellipse; and make reinforced concrete prefabricated arch wall along the foundation pit side-wall layering is contrary; and utilize the effect of arch will be converted into the tangential force in the prefabricated arch wall, to make full use of the compressive strength of walls concrete perpendicular to the soil pressure of body of wall.Can adopt closed or non-closed prefabricated arch wall according to geological conditions, foundation ditch flat shape and foundation ditch periphery site condition etc. in the design.Because body of wall internal force is mainly compressive stress, given full play to the high characteristic of concrete compressive strength, so thickness of wall body can be thinner, just possibly satisfy intensity and stable requirement without anchor pole or interior support under a lot of situation.Though, even arch ring need adopt methods such as cement mixing method or chemical grouting to form water-stop curtain sometimes.But its cost still is lower than general piling wall supporting and protection structure about 50%.This structure generally adopts the cast-in-situ steel reinforced concrete prefabricated arch wall structure of layer and section construction.The prefabricated arch wall cross section is preferably zigzag, and the upper and lower end of buttress adds girt strip usually.When excavation slope ground is narrower, can add girt strip but should thicken buttress.The contrary prefabricated arch wall horizontal direction construction section length of doing should not surpass 12m, and weak soil layer or layer of sand section length should not surpass 8m.The vertical direction layer height should not surpass 2.5m.Prefabricated arch wall structural concrete strength grade should not be lower than C25, the upper track prefabricated arch wall closes up and concrete strength reach design strength 70% after, just can descend the construction of road prefabricated arch wall.”
Optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention also is the composite structure that is combined by fixing prefabricated arch wall that is constituted of precast arch piece connection and cast-in-situ concrete, is with the contrary difference of making prefabricated arch wall:
1, the contrary prefabricated arch wall structure of doing is with the supporting and protection structure of the on-the-spot placing of steel bar concrete, still need build the agent structure outer wall of basement in addition;
The present invention is the composite structure of precast arch piece and the on-the-spot placing of concrete, does not need to build in addition the agent structure outer wall of basement, and itself has the double action of space enclosing structure and outer wall of basement.
2, the contrary arch ring rise f＞0.12L that makes the prefabricated arch wall structure, L is the foundation ditch length of side; Therefore, occupied ground is bigger, only be suitable for foundation ditch periphery place allow barricade in level to the arch camber part or be suitable for the foundation ditch of circular arc;
The length L of arch ring rise f＜0.12L of the present invention, precast arch piece is unified to be 1m; And by optimizing the design of convergence district; Can adapt to loads change, not receive the restriction of the foundation ditch length of side and foundation ditch shape, can press the shape and size construction of main building basement or underground construction design fully.
3, be no fixed section retaining structure against making the prefabricated arch wall support system, can produce integral slipping and bottom heave;
The present invention optimizes composite prefabricated arch wall and utilizes the agent structure beam slab as horizontal support, utilizes the agent structure column as vertical support, utilizes supporting arch raft foundation base plate as anti-grand structure, can not produce integral slipping and bottom heave.
4, the contrary prefabricated arch wall structure of doing itself can not be used as the waterproof system, and when underground water, the methods such as cement mixing method or chemical grouting of using form water-stop curtain.
The present invention has complete waterproof, antiseepage, drainage system, needs except that indivedual a large amount of water burst holes generally need not build water-stop curtain the method water blockoff such as chemical grouting.
5, be zigzag against doing the prefabricated arch wall cross section; Its vertical spacing should not be greater than 2.5m; When dark and supporting height one zigzag prefabricated arch wall is not enough when foundation ditch; Can form by several prefabricated arch wall is superimposed, along the indentation of prefabricated arch wall height several girt strip or thickening buttress are set, this just need take the place beyond the large amount of building; After engineering is accomplished, excavate the place that the takies backfill of taking a lot of work again more.
It is I word cross section that the present invention optimizes composite prefabricated arch wall, is located at the outer wall displacement of underground agent structure, does not take the place beyond the building.Both few earth excavation, engineering also need not backfill after accomplishing.Its vertical degree of depth open cut can reach 10m when just doing, and floor height is no more than 10m can both meet the demands in that tunneling is contrary when doing.
6, against being applicable to non-weak soil, phreatic low place as prefabricated arch wall, cutting depth generally should not surpass 12m.
The scope of application of the present invention is wider, and the geology that can make diaphragm wall can both adapt to, and the under ground portion total depth is satisfying under the prerequisite of bearing capacity of foundation soil, and is unrestricted basically.
7, lower against making prefabricated arch wall pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost, generally be merely 30%～60% of slope protection pile cost, remarkable in economical benefits; Cost of the present invention is lower, except that the necessary spending of underground agent structure, does not increase the expense of temporary support structures basically.
The second, compare with self-support supporting construction
Self-support supporting construction is thought: pattern foundation pit supporting structure soil pressure load does not rely on supporting forces such as the drag, anchor-hold of geotechnical engineering, and relies on structure self-supporting power independently to bear.And be divided into multi-arch type and shore two kinds of self-support supporting construction and circular ring type straight wall self-support supporting constructions.Be with difference of the present invention:
1, the self-support supporting construction patent of invention is said: pattern foundation pit supporting structure relies on structure self-supporting power independently to bear.In fact the structure of its indication is except that comprising existing agent structure; Also comprise a series of structures that newly add; As except that the support of existing frame back, increase the measure that belongs to working measure and shore, comprise detachable tool shore with base plate under plate under shore; It is that the tool steel structure is shored that instrument is shored, and will remove after the construction; Shore under the plate be base plate next time property steel concrete shore.
And the present invention only utilizes the support of existing frame back, need not to increase to the measure that construction is provided with and shores.
2, the anti-grand structural system of self-support supporting construction is divided single anti-structure and the comprehensive anti-grand structure two big classes of swelling.Single anti-grand structure comprises that the anti-grand structure of supporting, straight wall resist three kinds on grand structure, the anti-grand structure of counterweight.Counterweight resists grand structure to be divided into the anti-grand structure of building counterweight again and soil body counterweight resists two kinds on grand structure.The anti-grand structure of soil body counterweight capacitance divider again resists grand structure and slip casting to resist two kinds on grand structure.Comprehensive anti-grand structure is made up of 3 kinds or 2 kinds of single anti-grand structures ... In fact, anti-grand structure can be considered the virtual base plate that has equal anti-grand ability with the structure base plate, and virtual base plate is laid in before soil excavation and is difficult to construction below the structure base plate.
The present invention need not complicated anti-grand structure, relies on quick, section construction arch formula raft foundation, just can resist the foundation pit deformation protuberance.
3, the space enclosing structure of self-support supporting construction is a beam and slab structure, is made up of soldier pile and arch bar.Be divided into supporting beam plated construction and composite beam plated construction; The supporting beam plated construction is only made supporting usefulness, belongs to working measure, and after the engineering construction, supporting and protection structure is ineffective; The composite beam plated construction is composited by the supporting arch bar of bearing soil pressure and formal building cast-in-situ reinforced concrete structure arch bar, does not in fact practice thrift.
The optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that the present invention uses is born space enclosing structure and external wall dual role, and, lean on the existing member of self and main body underground structure to combine, need not to increase soldier pile and just can accomplish pattern foundation pit supporting structure work voluntarily.
4, the circular ring type straight wall self-support supporting construction of self-support supporting construction is a reinforced concrete structure, divides diaphragm wall annulus straight wall, hole digging pile annulus straight wall, agitation pile annulus straight wall.
Optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention not only can conveniently be combined into the annulus straight wall, the straight wall of one-tenth arbitrary shape also capable of being combined, and also construction is fast, and can be stressed immediately behind the precast arch piece installation in position concrete perfusion.As being used for temporary shaft, available 37 lime earth substitutes concrete, after engineering is accomplished, optimizes the arch sheet and can reclaim.
In a word, self-support supporting construction is independently to bear soil pressure with structure self-supporting power, but these structures not all are that underground agent structure is necessary also, but the structure of extra increase; The present invention relies on existing agent structure and essential optimization composite prefabricated arch wall to combine to replace supporting and protection structure fully, can save pattern foundation pit supporting structure great amount of investment and time, can solve the pattern foundation pit supporting structure problem simultaneously again.
The 3rd, compare with supporting and protection structure and the comprehensive combination technology of agent structure
The method that deep foundation pit supporting structure combines with agent structure partly is used for agent structure with temporary lining, has realized the unification of two walls, and engineering is significantly practiced thrift.Three kinds of combining with agent structure of deep foundation pit supporting structure are dissimilar:
1, the interim fender body of periphery combines hole inner beam plate body system to substitute the system that supports; Except that needs construction water-stop curtain, the temporary linings such as (with reinforced concrete bored pile, SMW worker's method and boring interlock stakes) of interim fender body; Also need a small amount of shaped steel to support temporarily, and the outer wall of basement of building separately, fender body takes up space still bigger; Be unfavorable for that the land for building utilizes, the earthwork of digging also needs backfill more.
2, peripheral diaphragm wall " unification of two walls " combines interim support system in the hole, and with diaphragm wall double as outer wall of basement, the workload of having saved conventional outer wall of basement has reduced fender body and taken up space, and has reduced soil excavation and backfill.But underground each layer need be provided with all that steel concrete supports or steel supports as interim horizontal support, and underground each layer all need be provided with interim column, treat that agent structure is accomplished and can be stressed after, could remove.
3, the comprehensive coupling system of supporting and protection structure and agent structure, space enclosing structure adopts the diaphragm wall of " unification of two walls ", and the horizontal beam plate body system of underground structure substitutes horizontal support; The column of structure and stand column pile are used reverse construction as vertical support system, owing to cancelled interim support; Need not to consider to change support temporarily; Than the obvious progress of said system, but the diaphragm wall cost is high, construction quality is unstable, needs the special-purpose machinery construction.In four kinds of combinations of diaphragm wall and outer wall of basement " unification of two walls "; Wherein separate wall, overlap wall, these three kinds of modes of composite prefabricated arch wall still need establish the agent structure exterior wall in addition, even the combination of single wall is to solve diaphragm wall antiseep problem; Still need be at the underground continuous wall groove width of cloth parting place arranged outside high-pressure rotary jet grouting pile; The inboard is provided with structural stud and inwall, forms the damp proof insulation space, and ponding is caused sump discharge through curb, vertical tube.Therefore, do not obtain the effect of real " unification of two walls ", expend still bigger.
The outstanding effect of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall is following:
1, optimizes composite prefabricated arch wall and save the pattern foundation pit supporting structure wall one, enlarged usable floor area.Thinner thickness of the present invention is about diaphragm wall 1/2～1/3.Inside has hollowed out area savings concrete has increased free space.In the individual layer floor height 4m, square dark beam need not be set generally, only need 3 of vertical reinforcements to be set, connect, save steel very significantly with last lower ring beam in the junction of two adjacent arch sheets.
2, build the every heavy 50kg of precast arch piece that optimizes composite prefabricated arch wall, be convenient to Fast Installation, behind the placing of concrete, can be stressed immediately.Precast arch piece is even the pumping of concrete ot-yet-hardened of prefabricated arch wall back also can bear the pressure of 400KPa immediately.And along with pumping of concrete is increased by densification and intensity, supporting capacity can further improve.Optimize composite prefabricated arch wall from the installation of cutting the earth, only need several hrs just force-applied, both reduced soil body open-assembly time, increase with soil pressure again and adapt, effectively reduced soil deformation and, be applicable to the building dense area the periphery influence.
3, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall without template, internal mold is the thick optimization arch sheet of 6cm, and external mold is a clay model.Concrete closely contacts with the soil body, helps increasing cohesion and frictional force, improves to carry and shock resistance.
4, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall produces perpendicular direction under the lateral earth pressure effect horizontal thrust, sleeper is under the clamping of precast arch piece horizontal thrust, improved the bending resistance of sleeper.
5, substituting horizontal inner supporting body with beam and slab structure is, adds and utilizes clay model, practices thrift template, supports about 80% than the foundation ditch method.
6, body of wall need not to put the slope, has reduced and has backbreak and the backfilling working amount.
7, after the underground space forms, can make full use of, solve the narrow difficult problem in construction plant.
8, construct down in top board protection, favourable safety, favourable minimizing environmental noise and airborne dust, favourable winter, rainy season normal construction.
9, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall except that having reasonable stressed function, anti-drain function, stress adjustment function, utilize and encircle the inner space that sheet is saved in advance, play anti-drain function; Light trough, decoration functions; Effects such as functions such as heat insulation, ventilation, antiseepage, protection against the tide and noise reduction.
10, ground is just done, and the ground subinverse is done, construction simultaneously, and the duration shifts to an earlier date, for vertical built by separate periods creates conditions.
Optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of the present invention can not excavate foundation ditch; Without diaphragm wall, the method for support specially, retaining wall or rock-reinforcing, but rely on optimization composite prefabricated arch wall and agent structure to combine comprehensively; Bracing of foundation pit wall and structure outer unite two into one, and do not establish interim enclosure wall in addition.Basement beam slab stanchion need not to increase interim support system as support system.Through scientific and reasonable construction; Quickly and reliably replace the method for the underground space; Come to realize automatically pattern foundation pit supporting structure, structure from steady, reduce and prevent surrounding soil distortion and displacement; Reach safe mass, reduction cost, the reduction of erection time of the under ground portion that guarantees underground construction or highrise building, protection environment, aim of saving.Therefore, applicable to basement in high rise building, large-scale underground store and underground parking, subway station and underground transportation junction, underground substation etc.
The multi-functional earthing local-style dwelling houses in five Li Pu hillside, the underground auditorium of Lanzhou garrison command, mountain, Gansu Province Department of Construction Gaolan earthing solar energy housing are built in the Lanzhou, Lanzhou capital construction commission White Pagoda Hill Park earthing solar energy housing is built, implement successfully Dongfanghong underground commercial center, Lanzhou to optimize composite prefabricated arch wall; The underground auditorium of Lanzhou garrison command building area 2183m2 wherein, span 20.26m; Be local 2 layers of ground, underground 1 layer is that the master is the long span building of assisting for underground local 2 layers, with the construction of contrary sequence method clay model, need not support built, more similar engineering economy concrete 65.5%.Utilize the cut-out of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as between washroom, makeup, enlarged usable floor area, utilization rate reaches 86%.
Description of drawings Fig. 1 is the structural representation of precast arch piece,
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of second kind of precast arch piece,
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the third precast arch piece,
Fig. 4 is the improvement structural representation of Fig. 1,
Fig. 5 is the improvement structural representation of Fig. 2,
Fig. 6 is the improvement structural representation of Fig. 3,
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of arch sheet cage of reinforcement,
Fig. 8 is the sketch map of the bar construction of thin floor among Fig. 2,
Fig. 9 is a structural representation of optimizing the composite prefabricated arch wall section,
Figure 10 is the outside elevational schematic view that connects of prefabricated arch wall,
Figure 11 is with the sheet that the binds sketch map that binds,
Figure 12 is with the reinforced sheet sketch map that binds,
Figure 13 utilizes to optimize the total structure figure that composite prefabricated arch wall is built basement,
Figure 14 is the enlarged drawing of A portion among Figure 13.
Among the figure: the 1-arch bar, the 101-connection rib, 102-lacing wire groove, the 2-connecting hole, the 3-cage of reinforcement, 4-approaches floor, the 5-spilled water hole; The 6-concrete, the 7-grout hole, 8-master's muscle, the 801-crotch, 9-anchoring moving bar, 901-rolls over hook; The 10-distribution bar, 11-approaches the floor reinforcing bar, and 1101-encloses muscle, and 1102-approaches the floor distribution bar, 12-sleeper master muscle, the cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall of 13-; 14-reserves and takes on layer of sand, 15-country rock clay model, 16-linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel, 17-column or stand column pile, 18-floor, 19-horizontal shore extremely; The 20-water-proof decoration plate, 21-bottom basement bottom board, 22-basis sluicing groove, 23-basis, 24-anti-arch board, 25-expansion sealing rod; The 26-tapping pipe, the stress adjustment lacing wire at place, 27-crack, 28-sleeper: 29-strengthens lacing wire, 30-prefabricated arch wall, 31-connecting bolt
Specific embodiment embodiment 1 is as shown in Figure 1: a kind of multifunctional precast arch piece that present embodiment provided; It is ordinary tablet of the present invention; It comprises the connection rib 101 that arch bar 1 and two ends are provided with; Referring to Fig. 7, arch bar 1 includes cage of reinforcement 3 and the concrete 6 that is coated on cage of reinforcement 3 peripheries with connection rib 101, referring to Fig. 9; Cage of reinforcement 3 comprises seven affixed distribution bars 10 between two main muscle 8 and the two main muscle 8; The two ends of main muscle 8 are provided with extends crotch 801 connection rib concrete rear end face, that bend laterally; Intermediate distribution muscle 10 is provided with and extends anchoring moving bar 9 arch bar 1 back, both sides extension to the left and right, and anchoring moving bar 9 external parts are provided with to the crooked folding hook 901 of centerline direction; Connection rib 101 is provided with connecting hole 2.Anchoring moving bar 9 supplies carrying lifting and anchoring.During installation, connecting bolt passes the connecting hole 2 of adjacent arch sheet, and adjacent arch sheet is connected as one, and the fixture when connecting bolt also can be used as finishing uses.Ratio of rise to span of the present invention is preferably less than 1/8 smooth arch, belongs to the arch in the arch convergence district.Like this, not only the load changes in distribution is had bigger adaptive capacity, and axle power is big, eccentric little, help curved the pulling open badly of structure being changed lateral earth pressure into compression damage, improve supporting capacity greatly.
Embodiment 2 is as shown in Figure 2: in order to improve the integral rigidity of arch sheet, this multifunctional precast arch piece that present embodiment provided has thin floor 4 in a side increase of arch bar 1, to improve the integral rigidity of arch sheet; Referring to Fig. 8, thin floor 4 comprises thin floor reinforcing bar 11 and the thin floor concrete that is coated on thin floor reinforcing bar 11, and thin floor reinforcing bar 11 is made up of circle muscle 1101 and the thin floor distribution bar 1102 that is fixedly arranged in the circle muscle 1101.
Thin floor 4 also can be located at the both sides of arch bar 1.The thickness of thin floor 4 is 25mm.
This arch sheet that is provided with thin floor 4 is referred to as reinforced sheet, and it is used for stressed bigger position, change greatly like geological conditions extreme difference, pressure from surrounding rock, and unpredicted location.When floor height surpasses 4m, also can set up one to several layers reinforced sheet at the body of wall middle part.
Perfect as present embodiment, the middle part of thin floor 4 is provided with spilled water hole 5, just in case underground certain layer has a small amount of infiltration, can infiltration be discharged to the bottom drainage channel through spilled water hole 5 and flow to the collecting-tank eliminating.
This multifunctional precast arch piece that embodiment 3 present embodiments are provided; Be called the sheet that binds; Its structure is as shown in Figure 3: a side at arch bar 1 middle part is provided with grout hole 7, and the sheet that binds is in order to build building the last layer of under various places floor exterior wall, after the lastblock arch sheet installation; To grout hole 7 grouting, that the concrete spouting that kills the shoulder position is closely knit.
The optimum specifications of the multifunctional precast arch piece that each embodiment provided is: long 1m, wide 30cm, thick 6cm, rise 10cm.
Perfect as precast arch piece, referring to Fig. 4 to Fig. 6: connection rib 101 outsides are provided with lacing wire groove 102.This structure is used for the geological conditions extreme difference, country rock changes greatly, and unpredicted place, as adjusting vertical stress, preventing stressed irregular usefulness.
Embodiment 4 like Fig. 9 with shown in Figure 10: the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that a kind of supporting and protection structure combines with agent structure; It is characterized in that: this optimization composite prefabricated arch wall comprises prefabricated arch wall 30 and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall 13, the mutual fissure of displacement of construction joint of the construction joint of prefabricated arch wall 30 and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall; Cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall 13 is located between prefabricated arch wall 30 outsides and the country rock clay model 15; Prefabricated arch wall 30 is mutually permanently connected by polylith precast arch piece upper and lower, left and right and constitutes; Sleeper master muscle 12 vertically is arranged in crotch 801 places of two adjacent precast arch pieces of horizontal direction from bottom to top; Each floor of below ground, respectively encircle adjacent two precast arch pieces of lamella crotch 801 cross fixation in sleeper master muscle 12; The connecting hole 2 of adjacent two precast arch pieces is installed connecting bolt 31, and adjacent two precast arch pieces are fixedly connected; When deforming sign, also can pass through connecting hole 2, near several piece precast arch piece drawknot is fixed together with lacing wire 27 in the long arch; To bring into play the common stressed effect of each sheet, to prevent the generation in crack; Layer of concrete between the connection rib 101 of precast arch piece, sleeper master muscle 12 and the country rock clay model 15 constitutes sleeper 28.
Utilize the crotch 801 of arch sheet master muscle 8 to intersect, play the effect of stirrup through sleeper master muscle 12.Sleeper master muscle 12 extend in upper and lower end collar tie beam or the lintel.The sleeper 28 that is made up of the layer of concrete between connection rib 101, sleeper master muscle 12 and the country rock clay model 15 of precast arch piece is to improve to optimize the stressed ingredient of composite prefabricated arch wall.After arch sheet installation, utilize that the arch sheet is made internal mold, the stratum is that clay model is made external mold, pour into a mould cast-in-place waterproof concrete after, sleeper forms automatically, it is one of main member that bears lateral pressure and vertical load.
Very big for lateral pressure; And at the uneven indivedual positions of distributed pole; As optimizing the perfect of composite prefabricated arch wall, referring to Fig. 9 and Figure 10: strengthen folding hook 901 places that anchoring moving bars 9 that lacing wire 29 is fixedly connected on adjacent two precast arch pieces of different arch lamellas expose, formation rhombus steel mesh reinforcement.To strengthen the mass action of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall, solve stressed irregular problem.
Referring to Figure 13:, optimize composite prefabricated arch wall vertical abutment joint place expansion sealing rod 25 is set as optimizing the further perfect of composite prefabricated arch wall.
Shown in Figure 11 is to optimize composite prefabricated arch wall to take on processing mode extremely with the sheet that binds: when optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall and be filled into last layer; Except that the main muscle welding of guaranteeing sleeper or overlap joint quality; Can pour into dry pea gravel concreten or the expansive concrete that is higher than member label one-level through sheet grout hole 7 pressure that bind, the concrete that 14 places are takeed in certain assurance extremely is full closely knit.
Shown in Figure 12 is to optimize composite prefabricated arch wall to take on processing mode extremely with reinforced sheet: at the superiors' mounting arch sheet not; And adopt inversion to strengthen the arch sheet at following one deck; Directly fill up tamping with artificial with the dry microlith waterproof concrete or the expansion waterproof concrete that are higher than member label one-level; Concrete is filled out on the limit, and pound with hammer on the limit, and the concrete of guaranteeing to take on extremely 14 places is full closely knit.Arrive the upright again part plan template in edge within the walls, to increase top waterproof thickness.
Embodiment 5 is like Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14: a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes comprises exterior wall, basement column 17, horizontal shore 19, linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel 16, floor 18, basis 23 and bottom basement bottom board 21; It is characterized in that: it also comprises the anti-arch board 24 that is positioned at below the bottom basement bottom board 21; Exterior wall is the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall of prefabricated arch wall 30 and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall 13 formations; This floor is optimized above the composite prefabricated arch wall fixedly linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel; Linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel are embedded with tapping pipe 26; Basis 23 is to be positioned at the strip foundation 23 of optimizing the composite prefabricated arch wall bottom; Strip foundation 23 is provided with to the inclined-plane of indoor direction inclination, and the inclined-plane is provided with sluicing groove 22; Strip foundation 23 is docked with anti-arch board 24, and the concave surface of anti-arch board 24 constitutes drainage channel between the two towards bottom basement bottom board 21, and drainage channel is communicated with collecting-tank.
Perfect as this basement for indoor heat insulating, damp proof insulation and attractive, decorative effect, has water-proof decoration plate 20 in the installed inside of prefabricated arch wall 30.
Further perfect as this basement in order to increase the supporting capacity of bottom basement bottom board 21, is equipped with parapet, as the supporting wall of bottom basement bottom board 21 between bottom basement bottom board 21 and anti-arch board 24.
Further perfect as this basement avoids underground water to cause anti-arch board 24 to float for sending out, and on anti-arch board 24, is placed with gravel, and the french drain between the gravel slit is as the gutter.
Further perfect again as this basement, 24 of adjacent anti-arch boards install expansion sealing rod 25 additional.
Optimize composite prefabricated arch wall not only small and exquisite, flexible, practice thrift, also need not special-purpose machinery and construction in advance, be utilize precast arch piece to make internal mold, the country rock clay model is made external mold, building the basement roof protection down, presses the layer and section tunneling completion of constructing.When optimizing the composite prefabricated arch wall construction,, adhere to the principle of " operation is closelyed follow " with the method for building the minitunnel abutment wall, segmentation successively advances to be accomplished.Just doing the principle construction by overall contrary work, layering.
1. one kind is utilized the basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall, comprises exterior wall, basement column/stand column pile, horizontal shore, linking beam or collar tie beam or lintel, floor, basis and bottom basement bottom board; It is characterized in that: it also comprises the anti-arch board (24) that is positioned at below the bottom basement bottom board (21); Exterior wall is the optimization composite prefabricated arch wall that prefabricated arch wall (30) and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall (13) constitute; The mutual fissure of displacement of construction joint of the construction joint of prefabricated arch wall (30) and cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall (13); Cast-in-place waterproof concrete wall (13) is located between prefabricated arch wall (30) outside and the country rock clay model (15); Prefabricated arch wall (30) is mutually permanently connected by polylith precast arch piece upper and lower, left and right and constitutes; Sleeper master muscle (12) vertically is arranged in the crotch (801) of two adjacent precast arch pieces of horizontal direction from bottom to top and locates; Each floor of below ground, respectively encircle adjacent two precast arch pieces of lamella crotch (801) cross fixation in sleeper master muscle (12); The connecting hole of adjacent two precast arch pieces (2) is installed connecting bolt (31), and adjacent two precast arch pieces are fixedly connected or/and the stress adjustment lacing wire (27) through the place, crack is fixed together near several piece precast arch piece drawknot; Layer of concrete between the connection rib of precast arch piece (101), sleeper master muscle (12) and the country rock clay model (15) constitutes sleeper (28); This floor is optimized above the composite prefabricated arch wall fixedly linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel (16); Linking beam, collar tie beam or lintel (16) are embedded with tapping pipe (26); Basis (23) is to be positioned at the strip foundation (23) of optimizing the composite prefabricated arch wall bottom, and strip foundation (23) is provided with sluicing groove (22); Strip foundation (23) is docked with anti-arch board (24), and the concave surface of anti-arch board (24) constitutes drainage channel between the two towards bottom basement bottom board (21), and drainage channel is communicated with collecting-tank.
2. a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: strip foundation (23) is provided with to the inclined-plane of indoor direction inclination, and the inclined-plane is provided with said sluicing groove (22).
3. a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: the installed inside of prefabricated arch wall (30) has water-proof decoration plate (20).
4. a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: be equipped with parapet between bottom basement bottom board (21) and the anti-arch board (24).
5. like any described a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that: anti-arch board is placed with gravel above (24), and the french drain between the gravel slit is as the gutter.
6. a kind of basement of optimizing composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall that utilizes as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that: install expansion sealing rod (25) between the adjacent anti-arch board (24) additional.
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN2010102523091A CN101914925B (en)||2008-11-19||2008-11-19||Basement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN2010102523091A CN101914925B (en)||2008-11-19||2008-11-19||Basement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall|
Related Parent Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN2008101822559A Division CN101418569B (en)||2008-11-19||2008-11-19||Optimization complex arch wall combining prefabricated arch leaf, support and major structure|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN101914925A CN101914925A (en)||2010-12-15|
|CN101914925B true CN101914925B (en)||2012-04-25|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN2010102523091A Expired - Fee Related CN101914925B (en)||2008-11-19||2008-11-19||Basement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN101914925B (en)|
Families Citing this family (17)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN103397660B (en) *||2013-08-05||2015-07-15||中国建筑股份有限公司||Construction method of underground construction|
|CN103912010B (en) *||2014-04-04||2015-08-12||北京城建设计发展集团股份有限公司||The prefabricated assembled Underground Construction method of open cut|
|CN104372797B (en) *||2014-10-11||2016-02-10||深圳市路桥建设集团有限公司||Foundation pit structure|
|CN104674822A (en) *||2015-01-29||2015-06-03||成都绿迪科技有限公司||Supporting structure|
|CN104647583A (en) *||2015-02-16||2015-05-27||中交第二航务工程局有限公司||Immersed-tube prefabricated outer wall support|
|CN104878772A (en) *||2015-05-26||2015-09-02||江苏省建筑科学研究院有限公司||Treating method for foundation slab leakage of deep foundation pit|
|CN105178357B (en) *||2015-07-16||2017-01-11||中国建筑股份有限公司||Prefabricated subsurface structure under foundation trench open cutting condition and construction method for prefabricated subsurface structure under foundation trench open cutting condition|
|CN105443147A (en) *||2015-12-29||2016-03-30||中国市政工程西北设计研究院有限公司||Prefabricated support component for underground space construction assembly|
|CN105735352A (en) *||2016-04-20||2016-07-06||山东大学||Fabricated structure based on foundation pit retaining pile for basement exterior walls, and construction method|
|CN106351343A (en) *||2016-11-10||2017-01-25||成都市第八建筑工程公司||Basement outer wall waterproof protection structure capable of realizing synchronous crossing construction and construction method thereof|
|CN106400985B (en) *||2016-11-10||2020-01-31||成都市第八建筑工程公司||basement exterior wall waterproof protection structure and construction method|
|CN106812131B (en) *||2017-02-28||2019-02-15||江苏东合南岩土科技股份有限公司||A kind of permanent sheet pile underground structure and its construction method|
|CN107090834A (en) *||2017-05-09||2017-08-25||天津大学||A kind of construction method of Fabricated Structure for Support of Excavation|
|CN106978814A (en) *||2017-05-09||2017-07-25||天津大学||A kind of Fabricated Structure for Support of Excavation|
|CN111411644A (en) *||2020-03-30||2020-07-14||陕西省建筑科学研究院有限公司||Flexible connection method between slope building outer wall and retaining wall|
|CN112983068A (en) *||2021-02-07||2021-06-18||山东建筑大学||Combined arched section open caisson type underground garage, construction method and building|
|CN113216213B (en) *||2021-05-25||2022-02-08||国厦建设有限公司||Basement waterproof foundation pit structure and construction method|
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN1155606A (en) *||1996-09-27||1997-07-30||邹先欣||Foundation side wall as basement wall and construction method thereof|
|KR20050104897A (en) *||2004-04-30||2005-11-03||(주)동양엠티||Method for constructing cellar|
|CN101012655A (en) *||2006-12-30||2007-08-08||上海市城市建设设计研究院||Construction method of carrying out underground space rigid connection by stages|
- 2008-11-19 CN CN2010102523091A patent/CN101914925B/en not_active Expired - Fee Related
Patent Citations (3)
|Publication number||Priority date||Publication date||Assignee||Title|
|CN1155606A (en) *||1996-09-27||1997-07-30||邹先欣||Foundation side wall as basement wall and construction method thereof|
|KR20050104897A (en) *||2004-04-30||2005-11-03||(주)동양엠티||Method for constructing cellar|
|CN101012655A (en) *||2006-12-30||2007-08-08||上海市城市建设设计研究院||Construction method of carrying out underground space rigid connection by stages|
Also Published As
|Publication number||Publication date|
|CN101914925B (en)||Basement by using optimized composite prefabricated arch wall as external wall|
|CN100543239C (en)||The method of three usages of one pile in a kind of underground construction|
|CN101092850A (en)||Method and installation for rising building or historical building / cluster of historical building integrally|
|CN101418569B (en)||Optimization complex arch wall combining prefabricated arch leaf, support and major structure|
|CN105735325B (en)||A kind of intensive permanent support assembled basement structure system and construction method|
|CN101614019A (en)||The multilayer underground structure next to existing building self-supporting construction method|
|CN104594361B (en)||A kind of I shape fender post and building enclosure also serve as the construction method of agent structure|
|CN105064397A (en)||Open excavation construction method for expanding excavation of station on metro interzone shield tunnel foundation|
|CN105178327A (en)||Composite retaining structure of foundation pit project and construction method thereof|
|CN103938634B (en)||A kind of deep foundation pit supporting structure and construction method|
|CN105735354A (en)||Covered-excavation full-top-down construction method of municipal underground engineering|
|CN201296994Y (en)||Multifunctional precast arch piece|
|CN100510281C (en)||Semi-inverse construction method of super large diameter, ultra-burial depth storage pond|
|CN104947682A (en)||Foundation pit support construction method and device thereof|
|CN105089670A (en)||Construction method for enlarging and excavating subway station on basis of parallel interval shield tunnel|
|CN109024609A (en)||A kind of foundation pit supporting construction and its construction method based on old campshed|
|CN109056810A (en)||The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction and its construction method|
|CN212642730U (en)||Collapsible loess area tunnel passes people's air defense structure|
|CN104563131B (en)||Rectangular enclosure pile, and construction method using rectangular enclosure pile as main structure|
|CN208815566U (en)||The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction|
|CN208899527U (en)||A kind of supporting and the integrated system of Pipe rack|
|CN110820756A (en)||Shield well and vertical shaft deep foundation pit excavation safety construction method|
|CN109898556A (en)||A kind of underground pipe gallery structure and sunk type construction method|
|CN205636750U (en)||Permanent supporting assembled cellar structure system of intensification|
|CN205636751U (en)||Assembled forming structures system towards secret building of multilayer|
|C10||Entry into substantive examination|
|SE01||Entry into force of request for substantive examination|
|C14||Grant of patent or utility model|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee|
|CF01||Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee||
Granted publication date: 20120425
Termination date: 20171119