CN208815566U - The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction - Google Patents

The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208815566U
CN208815566U CN201821538384.2U CN201821538384U CN208815566U CN 208815566 U CN208815566 U CN 208815566U CN 201821538384 U CN201821538384 U CN 201821538384U CN 208815566 U CN208815566 U CN 208815566U
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main
laterally
construction
plate
transverse
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王佳庆
李俊
甄文战
周欢
郭俊
刘昕铭
宋明
朱宏海
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China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co Ltd CREEC
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China Railway Eryuan Engineering Group Co Ltd CREEC
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Abstract

It inevitably needs to remove to existing buildings or structures for urban traffic pressure is alleviated, the existing contradiction between the normal production and living of removal buildings or structures property right person, the utility model provide the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below a kind of existing building and dig construction.The transverse direction dig construction apply using below buildings or structures to underground main structure part laterally digged by the way of, under the premise of meeting cut and cover method or cap excavation method underground main body structure construction, the removal to existing buildings or structures can be reduced to the greatest extent.

Description

The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction
Technical field
The utility model belongs to Underground Construction technical field.In particular it relates to one kind under existing buildings or structures Side carries out laterally digging the construction applied to the underground main structure of cut and cover method or digging method construction.
Background technique
The construction method of underground main structure, especially City Subway Station mainly has cut and cover method, cap excavation method, subsurface excavation method three Kind.Wherein, for cut and cover method and cap excavation method, since its construction period is short, construction cost is low, construction risk is small, uses better function The features such as, it is most common engineering method.
But as domestic city subway gauze encrypts, the subway station construction of many urban construction compact districts, using open cut Method and digging method construction engineering method, the removal and changing for underground structure for inevitably involving above ground structure are moved.Subway is built If total construction period it is often limited, and changed as earth clearance, pipeline move etc. caused by construction delay, huge reparation and its initiation one Serial social contradications become an important restraining factors during subway construction.Part house can not even remove, and lead Cause consumes a large amount of social resources.
It on the one hand is that the growing traffic pressure in city alleviates demand, it is built-in to be on the other hand that range is built in subway station (structure) builds the normal production and living demand of produce power person.Therefore, the relationship between both the above demand how is reasonably solved, it is right It is very important in subway construction.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is that: it inevitably needs for urban traffic pressure is alleviated to existing buildings or structures It removes, the existing contradiction between the normal production and living of removal buildings or structures property right person provides a kind of existing build The transverse direction for building lower section open cut or lid digging underground main structure digs construction.The transverse direction digs applying for construction and builds using building (structure) The mode laterally digged below object to the part of underground main structure, is meeting cut and cover method or cap excavation method underground main structure Under the premise of construction, the removal to existing buildings or structures can be reduced to the greatest extent.
To achieve the goals above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model are as follows:
The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below a kind of existing building digs construction, including transverse direction digs section master Body structure roof, side wall and bottom plate, three formed with the space of underground main body fabric connectivity, and formed space is to underground main body Structure is laterally extended.It carries out laterally digging below existing buildings or structures, can no longer remove to buildings or structures, greatly It is big to alleviate construction delay caused by removal, remove and compensate.
Preferably, section main structure side wall and bottom plate formed by integrally casting are laterally digged, a section main structure is laterally digged Top plate pours in two times with side wall and bottom plate.Be conducive to the concrete pouring construction after stratum digs.
Preferably, a section main structure top plate is laterally digged to be overlapped in the main structure of underground.Make laterally to dig section With underground main structure stable connection.
Preferably, it laterally digs a section main structure side wall upper end and is provided with inclined support structure, inclined support structure top branch Support is laterally digging a section main structure top plate bottom.There is positive influence to the stability for laterally digging main structure.
Preferably, section main structure top plate, side wall and a bottom plate are laterally digged and is provided with waterproof layer.Prevent underground Water leakage has an impact the O&M of main structure.
The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below above-mentioned existing building digs the construction method of construction, including Following steps:
Step 1. implements the stratum consolidation measure for laterally digging section during excavation of foundation pit, and the top for laterally digging section is super The grouting and reinforcing measure on preceding supporting measure and existing building basis;
After the completion of the main structure of step 2. underground, implement the stratum Enlargement excavation for laterally digging section;Laterally dig a section stratum It excavates a point several steps to carry out, each step is from top to bottom excavated along depth direction;First implement the stratum of the 1. number step of top layer It digs, and laterally digs a section pouring construction for main structure top plate;
Step 3. laterally digs after a section main structure top plate reaches design strength, then implements laterally to dig section remaining step Stratum digs, and laterally digs a section pouring construction for main structure side wall and bottom plate.
Preferably, in step 1, the stratum consolidation measure of section is laterally digged using stratum grouting and reinforcing technology, cross Double steel tube shed support process and vault built-in slip casting pipe technique are used to the top advance support measure for digging section.
Preferably, in step 2, laterally digging section, 1. the stratum of number step digs and includes the following steps:
Step (1) excavates No. I pilot tunnel, and No. I pilot tunnel is located at the both ends of first step longitudinal direction, and No. I pilot tunnel is arranged in pairs;
Step (2) excavates No. II pilot tunnel, and No. II pilot tunnel is between pairs of No. I pilot tunnel;
Step (3) applies the waterproof layer of No. II pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main structure top plate, and reserves and laterally dig section The longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall;
Step (4) removes the mesospore between I, No. II pilot tunnel, applies the waterproof layer of No. I pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main body knot Structure top plate, and the reserved longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall for laterally digging section;
Step (5) excavates No. III pilot tunnel, and No. III pilot tunnel is located at the centre of 1. number step longitudinal direction;
Step (6) excavates No. IV pilot tunnel, and No. IV pilot tunnel is located at the two sides of No. III pilot tunnel longitudinal direction;
Step (7) applies the waterproof layer of No. IV pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main structure top plate, and reserves and laterally dig section The longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall;
Step (8) removes the mesospore between III, No. IV pilot tunnel, applies the waterproof layer of No. III pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main body Structure roof, and the reserved longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall for laterally digging section;
I, II, III, No. IV pilot tunnel forms all 1. number step;Step (1)-(4) apply in order, and step (5)-(8) are pressed Sequence applies, and step (1)-(4) and step (5)-(8) are without sequencing.
Preferably, in step 3, the stratum for laterally digging section remaining step, which digs, to be included the following steps:
Step (9) transversely digs the both ends and middle part of section longitudinal direction, and kerve excavates 2. number platform to point three working faces along longitudinal direction Rank;
Step (10) excavates 3. number step after 2. number step drilling depth is greater than 4.5m;
Step (11) excavates 4. number step after 3. number step drilling depth is greater than 4.5m;And so on, until digging completion Laterally dig section whole stratum;
Step (9)-(11) apply in order, and step (9)-(11) apply after step (4) or (8).
Preferably, 1. I, II, III, No. IV pilot tunnel of number step applies preliminary bracing after the completion of excavation;2. number Step and 2. number lower section step applies anchored bolt retaining wall support system after the completion of excavation;After the completion of the main structure of underground, laterally expand Before digging section stratum Enlargement excavation, segment frame first is digged in transverse direction and sets beam column and the system of falling support body;After the completion of laterally digging section main structure, The beam column of temporary erection and the system of falling support body are abolished again.
In conclusion by adopting the above-described technical solution, compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model It is: under the premise of having substantially no effect on underground main body structure function, greatly reduces the housing demolition that bright (lid) digs station construction Expense.The advantages of combining traditional cap excavation method, pilot tunnel method, benching tunnelling method, take comprehensive advance support measure, Optimizing construction step, Increase the modes such as constructing operation face.Be conducive to the operation simultaneously of branch's subitem, realize fast and efficient construction, and above ground structure is maximum Sedimentation is controllable.In particular subsequent urban architecture compact district construction subway station provides new method, flexibly digs work with lateral Method is in the development of metno station design and construction.Below existing buildings or structures, subway station is dug to bright (lid) and is laterally expanded The application of the construction method of digging can no longer remove to buildings or structures.Alleviate construction delay caused by removing significantly, tear open Reparation etc. is moved, the contradiction of ground narrow field Yu subway functional requirement can be efficiently solved, there is very high technical benefits, economy Benefit, social benefit.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the standard cross section structure that the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction Schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the advance support Measures Standard cross section structure schematic diagram for laterally digging construction.
Fig. 3-Figure 14 is the construction procedure figure for laterally digging construction.
Label corresponding to position and component: the underground A- main structure and foundation pit enclosure stake, A1- foundation pit enclosure is shown in figure Stake, A2- open cut or lid dig underground main structure, A3- beam column, and A4- falls to support;B- laterally digs a section main structure, B1- waterproof roofing Layer and main structure, B2- side wall, base plate waterproofing and main structure;C- laterally digs support system, the double steel tube shed of C1-, C2- preliminary bracing steelframe, C3- automatic anchor pole, C4- profile steel frame, C5- grouted anchor bar, C6- steel waist rail, C7- lock foot anchoring stock; The existing buildings or structures of D-.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only to explain this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
The transverse direction for digging underground main structure present embodiment discloses open cut below a kind of existing building or lid digs construction, such as Shown in Fig. 1, including section main structure top plate, side wall and a bottom plate are laterally digged, three forms the sky with underground main body fabric connectivity Between, and formed space is laterally extended to underground main structure.The present embodiment is by taking metro station construction as an example, skill to be solved Art problem is to provide a kind of construction method laterally digged below existing buildings or structures to bright (lid) digging subway station, can not It removes again to ground buildings or structures.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 1, laterally digging section main structure side wall and bottom plate formed by integrally casting, a section main body is laterally digged Structure roof pours in two times with side wall and bottom plate.Laterally a section main structure top plate is digged to be overlapped in the main structure of underground.It is horizontal It is provided with inclined support structure to a section main structure side wall upper end is digged, inclined support structure apical support is laterally digging a section main structure top Board bottom portion.Laterally digging section main structure top plate, side wall and a bottom plate is provided with waterproof layer.
The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below above-mentioned existing building digs the construction method of construction, such as schemes Shown in 3- Figure 14, include the following steps:
Step 1. during excavation of foundation pit, with the stratum consolidation measure for implementing laterally to dig section is excavated, laterally digs AT STATION The top advance support measure of section and the grouting and reinforcing measure on existing building basis;
After the completion of the main structure of step 2. station underground, implement the stratum Enlargement excavation for laterally digging section;It is horizontal referring to Fig. 2 Point five steps progress are excavated to section stratum is digged, each step is from top to bottom excavated along depth direction;First implement top layer 1. The stratum of number step digs, and laterally digs a section pouring construction for main structure top plate;
Step 3. laterally digs after a section main structure top plate reaches design strength, then implements laterally to dig section remaining step Stratum digs, and laterally digs a section pouring construction for main structure side wall and bottom plate.
Meanwhile the present embodiment optimizes construction procedure, increases constructing operation face, specifically:
In step 1, referring to Fig. 3, the stratum consolidation measure of section is laterally digged using stratum grouting and reinforcing technology, is laterally digged The top advance support measure of section uses top doubleSteel tube shed support process and vault built-in slip casting pipe technique.
In step 2, referring to Fig. 8,1. number step divides sequence method laterally to excavate along station using pilot tunnel method substep, the first sequence (I, No. II pilot tunnel) the second sequence construction (III, No. IV pilot tunnel) is carried out after the completion, every sequence is constructed using pilot tunnel method.Specifically, it laterally digs 1. the stratum of number step digs and includes the following steps: section
Step (1) is referring to Fig. 4, Fig. 5,1. number step of first constructing, and abolishes 1. number step station fender post, excavates No. I and leads Hole, No. I pilot tunnel is located at the both ends of first step longitudinal direction, and No. I pilot tunnel is arranged in pairs;
Step (2) excavates No. II pilot tunnel after completing No. I pilot tunnel construction, No. II pilot tunnel is located at pairs of No. I referring to Fig. 6, Fig. 7 Between pilot tunnel;
Step (3) removes the preliminary bracing steelframe between I, No. II pilot tunnel, applies the waterproof of No. II pilot tunnel referring to Fig. 6, Fig. 8 Layer and transverse direction dig a section main structure top plate, and the reserved longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall for laterally digging section;
Step (4) removes the mesospore between I, No. II pilot tunnel, applies the waterproof layer of No. I pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main body knot Structure top plate, and the reserved longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall for laterally digging section;
1. being digged after main structure top plate is fully completed within the scope of number step, start 2. -5. bench excavation.
Step (5) excavates No. III pilot tunnel, and No. III pilot tunnel is located at the centre of 1. number step longitudinal direction;
Step (6) excavates No. IV pilot tunnel after completing No. III pilot tunnel construction, No. IV pilot tunnel is located at III referring to Fig. 6, reference Fig. 8 The two sides of number pilot tunnel longitudinal direction;
Step (7) applies the waterproof layer of No. IV pilot tunnel and laterally digs a section main structure top plate, and reserves and laterally dig section The longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall;
Step (8) removes the mesospore between III, No. IV pilot tunnel, applies the waterproof layer of No. III pilot tunnel referring to Fig. 6, reference Fig. 8 And a section main structure top plate is laterally digged, and the reserved longitudinally connected reinforcing bar of side wall for laterally digging section;
I, II, III, No. IV pilot tunnel forms all 1. number step;Step (1)-(4) apply in order, and step (5)-(8) are pressed Sequence applies, and step (1)-(4) and step (5)-(8) can excavate No. III pilot tunnel without sequencing simultaneously.
In step 3, excavates mainly from digging in the middle part of section with two ends totally three working face kerves incisions, then indulged along station To excavation.Specifically, the stratum for laterally digging section remaining step, which digs, to be included the following steps:
Step (9) after 1. a number step whole top plate reaches design strength, abolishes 2. number step station referring to Fig. 9, Figure 10 Fender post removes steel pipe and falls to support, transversely digs the both ends and middle part of section longitudinal direction, and along longitudinal direction 2. kerve excavates point three working faces Number step;
3. number step is excavated after 2. number step drilling depth is greater than 4.5m in 1, Figure 12 to step (10) referring to Fig.1;
4. number step is excavated after 3. number step drilling depth is greater than 4.5m in 1, Figure 12 to step (11) referring to Fig.1;When 4. number platform After rank drilling depth is greater than 4.5m, 5. number step is excavated;Finally dig completion laterally dig section whole stratum, should be noted each step it Between excavation drilling depth be not less than 4.5m;
Step (9)-(11) apply in order, and step (9)-(11) apply after step (4) or (8).Referring to Fig.1 3, 14, after the completion of stratum digs, top plate longitudinal drilling depth below reaches section length after-pouring bottom plate and side wall, and one pours segment length Degree is 15-24m.It excavates and pours and storehouse mode is jumped using Multi-working-surface, it is ensured that pour and make two bites at a cherry.Dig portion body structure After being fully completed, interim beam column is cut, is formed and finally digs structure.
In addition, as shown in Fig. 2, the present embodiment use some complementary working measures, with guarantee structure entirety stress and Monolithic stability.Specifically, 1. I, II, III, No. IV pilot tunnel of number step applies preliminary bracing after the completion of excavation.Pilot tunnel initial stage Supporting is made of 3.5m long R32S self-drilling type anchor tube, C25 early strength concrete, steel mesh, the interim fashioned iron of I18, longitudinally connected muscle, and Corner is reinforced using lock foot anchoring stock, lock foot anchoring stock uses 3m long R32S self-drilling type anchor tube.5. 2. number step after the completion of excavation, Anchored bolt retaining wall support system is applied, anchored bolt retaining wall forms supporting to face is excavated with profile steel frame, grouted anchor bar, steel waist rail System, specifically, anchored bolt retaining wall by C25 early strength concrete, steel mesh, the interim fashioned iron of I18, longitudinally connected muscle,Slip casting anchor Bar, Two bors d's oeuveres I28b steel wale composition.Referring to Fig. 3, bright (lid) digs after the completion of the main structure of station underground, laterally digs a section stratum Before Enlargement excavation, segment frame first need to be digged in transverse direction and set interim beam column and the steel pipe system of falling support body, laterally dig section main structure and complete Afterwards, then to the beam column of temporary erection and the system of falling support body it abolishes.It further include that grouting and reinforcing is carried out to the basis of existing building, It need to implement to complete during open-cut foundation ditch excavates.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should be included in the utility model within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection scope within.

Claims (6)

1. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below a kind of existing building digs construction, it is characterised in that: including cross To section main structure top plate, side wall and a bottom plate is digged, three forms the space with underground main body fabric connectivity, and formed space It is laterally extended to underground main structure.
2. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building according to claim 1 digs construction, Be characterized in that: laterally digging section main structure side wall and bottom plate formed by integrally casting, laterally dig section main structure top plate and side wall and Bottom plate pours in two times.
3. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building according to claim 2 digs construction, It is characterized in that: laterally digging a section main structure top plate and be overlapped in the main structure of underground.
4. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building according to claim 2 digs construction, It is characterized in that: laterally digging a section main structure side wall upper end and be provided with inclined support structure, inclined support structure apical support is digged laterally Section main structure top plate bottom.
5. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building according to claim 1 digs construction, Be characterized in that: laterally digging a section main structure top plate is provided with waterproof layer.
6. the transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building according to claim 1 digs construction, It is characterized in that: laterally digging section main structure side wall and bottom plate is provided with waterproof layer.
CN201821538384.2U 2018-09-19 2018-09-19 The transverse direction that open cut or lid dig underground main structure below existing building digs construction Active CN208815566U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110512644A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-29 上海建工一建集团有限公司 The open cutting construction method in subterranean communication road is added between new and old building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110512644A (en) * 2019-07-22 2019-11-29 上海建工一建集团有限公司 The open cutting construction method in subterranean communication road is added between new and old building
CN110512644B (en) * 2019-07-22 2021-03-02 上海建工一建集团有限公司 Open excavation construction method for additionally arranging underground communication channel between new building and old building

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