CN101831986B - Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101831986B
CN101831986B CN2010101915442A CN201010191544A CN101831986B CN 101831986 B CN101831986 B CN 101831986B CN 2010101915442 A CN2010101915442 A CN 2010101915442A CN 201010191544 A CN201010191544 A CN 201010191544A CN 101831986 B CN101831986 B CN 101831986B
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China
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plate
deck
topping
insulated
layer
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CN2010101915442A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101831986A (en
Inventor
秦珩
李建树
张景明
周松
刘国权
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北京万科企业有限公司
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Publication of CN101831986A publication Critical patent/CN101831986A/en
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Publication of CN101831986B publication Critical patent/CN101831986B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a precast composite outer insulated wall plate and a manufacturing method thereof. The plate body of the precast composite outer insulated wall plate is sequentially provided with a structural layer, an insulated layer and a protective layer from inside to outside, wherein a reinforcing cage is arranged in the structural layer; a reinforcing mesh is arranged in the concrete of the protective layer; the structural layer, the insulated layer and the protective layer are alternately anchored together through connecting pieces which are in point distribution; the left edges and the right edges of the protective layer and the insulated layer protrude out of the structural layer; a convex opening downwards extends from the lower edge of the protective layer; the tops of the protective layer and the insulated layer upwards protrude out of the structural layer; and the upper edge of the protective layer is provided with a concave opening corresponding to the convex opening of the adjacent precast composite outer insulated wall plate at the upper layer. The wall plate simplifies the construction processes, accelerates the construction speed and reduces the engineering cost. Moreover, products precast in factories have consistent specification and uniform quality, the construction quality of the building structure can be fully ensured, industrialization, standardization and generalization of building walls are realized, and the invention can be widely applied to construction of reinforced concrete buildings in building industry.

Description

Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and preparation method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of prefabricated reinforced concrete outer insulated wall plate and preparation method thereof.

Background technology

The method of cast-in-place concrete is adopted in present dwelling construction; The site operation of exterior wall agent structure generally will pass through and install template, lay reinforcing bar, the placing of concrete working procedure of form removal again; After the exterior wall main structure construction finishes, also to carry out a series of a large amount of loaded down with trivial details work such as the construction of external-wall exterior insulation layer, outer decorative layer construction and interior decoration construction.The energy consumption that every square metre of dwelling house will cause to be equivalent to 20 kilograms of standard coals, consumption, 3% concrete loss, the loss of 3% steel and the consumption of 0.05 cubic metre of timber of 0.05 cubic metre of water.Rough house generally to adopt is at present handed over the room mode computation, and the client is in fitment process, and each household also can bring the decoration garbage consumption about 2 tons.Each engineering all need use a lot of haulage vehicles that a large amount of building materials are transported to the building site from outside the city, and construction finishes and more a large amount of building wastes transported to outside the city from the building site, and this makes the matter worse original urban traffic of just blocking up very much more.Some defectives below site operation also has: site operation program and complex management, construction cost is bigger; Building waste is more, and project site is difficult for cleaning; The noise of site operation has a strong impact on the live and work of surrounding resident, is unfavorable for the protection of environment; Because receive the influence of factors such as constructional materials, weather conditions, field control, quality of workers, the site operation quality also is not easy to be guaranteed.

The industrialization of construction industry of China was sign with the prestressed hollow slab mainly since the starting seventies in last century at that time, and to the beginning of the eighties, ground such as Beijing are introduced dwelling house and built industrialized significant technology from Eastern Europe---full assembling type large plate structure system.But because the cold bridge heat bridge problem of the thermal insulation problem of wallboard, wallboard seam crossing, surface layer cracking and the problem that comes off, structure load-bearing security problems all are not well solved; Therefore; Prefabricating technique is not only not prosperous along with upsurge in construction, is tending towards decline on the contrary rapidly.

On August 12nd, 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao held Executive Meeting of the State Council, proposed China first and will cultivate low-carbon economy as new growth point, " greatly develop green economy.The decision and deployment that combining closely expands domestic demand boosts economic growth, cultivating with the low-carbon emission is the new growth engines of characteristic, accelerating to build with the low emission is industry, building, the railway and highway system of characteristic ".Know that therefrom housing industrialization is a kind of inexorable trend, the problem, prefabricated, the site-assembled dwelling house mass production method of a kind of new batch production of research that solve housing industrialization have become the task of top priority.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate and preparation method thereof, solve that the conventional construction method freight volume is big, construction cost is high, construction quality do not guarantee, the serious problem of environment pollution.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The present invention adopts following technical scheme: a kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate, its plate body order from the inside to the outside have deck, insulation layer and topping, and reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck; In the concrete of topping reinforced mesh is arranged; It is characterized in that: said deck, insulation layer and topping three are anchored at together by the connector of spot distribution is interspersed, and the left and right edges of said topping and insulation layer protrudes in deck, and the lower limb of topping extends tang downwards; The top of topping and insulation layer projects upwards in deck, and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata.

The horizontal bar two ends of said reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie; The vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face; Become the vertical connecting reinforcement that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata; The bottom of deck is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve of the vertical connecting reinforcement of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of lower floor; The top of said reinforced bar sleeve is fixedly connected with the vertical muscle of reinforcing cage in the deck; On the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole, on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet, slurry outlet is connected with the slip casting short tube with the pulp short tube with injected hole; The medial surface of deck is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube and slip casting short tube, also is embedded with the inner thread sleeve perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck.

The lateral surface of said topping can be connected with outer decorative layer, and outer decorative layer can be face brick, coating or decorative panel.

Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of said deck all can be undisguised material matsurface.

Said connector is made up of FRP plate, FRP joint bar and the ABS plastic collar; Wherein the bottom of FRP plate is the shape of the angle of wedge; Symmetry vertical groove is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate; The both sides of vertical groove are fin, and said FRP joint bar has two at least, divide in two groups of epimeres that are inserted in the FRP plate and hypomere, the deck and the vertical groove in the topping with respect to prefabricated combined wall board; The said ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate, with respect in the insulation layer; The ABS plastic collar is made up of cover ring body and the collar cap that is positioned at cover ring body upper end, and the inside wall of cover ring body is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate, and the lateral wall of cover ring body is a matsurface.

The material of said reinforced bar sleeve is a rolled section steel; Profile is drum or prism shape; The tube inwall of reinforced bar sleeve is for all directly or undergauge; Wherein tube inwall one end of the reinforced bar sleeve of undergauge is provided with the screwed hole of undergauge, and screwed hole is threaded with vertical muscle in the deck, and an inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop; Tube between said screwed hole and the sleeve nose end bulge loop has a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs on the inwall, is being equipped with groove between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve.

A kind of preparation method of precast composite outer insulated wall plate is characterized in that: step 1, assembled formwork.

Step 2, on bed die, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring and inner thread sleeve; Comprise horizontal steel tie, vertical connecting reinforcement on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, the pulp short tube is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve with the slip casting short tube.

Step 3, pouring structure layer concrete.

Step 4, before the deck concrete initial set, place insulation layer.

Step 5, connector is vertically passed in insulation layer, the insert structure layer.

Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined closely with deck.

Step 7, on insulation layer, place the topping reinforced mesh.

Step 8, build the topping concrete.

Step 9, maintenance.

Step 10, form removal, lifting.

A kind of preparation method of precast composite outer insulated wall plate is characterized in that: step 1, assembly unit bed die.

Step 2, on bed die, place the topping reinforced mesh.

Step 3, build the topping concrete.

Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer.

Step 5, connector is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping.

Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined closely with topping.

Step 7, a side form.

Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring and inner thread sleeve; Comprise horizontal steel tie, vertical connecting reinforcement on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, the pulp short tube is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve with the slip casting short tube.

Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete.

Step 10, maintenance.

Step 11, tear side form open, lifting.

In said step 2; On bed die, instead spread the outer decorative layer face brick earlier; And then the reinforced mesh of placement topping, after step 11 finishes, again the film of outer decorative layer tile surface and the dividing strip in the brickwork joint are removed, and sticked at outer decorative layer tile surface and the interior cement paste of seam with cleaning.

In the said step 2, on bed die, stick earlier two-sided tape, then with the outer decorative layer surface brick adherence on two-sided tape.

After said step 9 finishes; On side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents; Then after step 11 finishes; Wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.

Compared with prior art the present invention has following characteristics and beneficial effect: the present invention is prefabricated in the factory the part or all of member of dwelling house and transports to the job site after accomplishing; The job site adopts lifting to install; Member is assembled into integral body through reliable connected mode, helps realizing housing industrialization, overcome the defective of the on-the-spot formwork of traditional form of construction work, assembling reinforcement, concreting;, major structure of construction do not need to carry out again the construction of door and window installation, insulation layer, outside finish after finishing; Simplify working procedure, accelerated speed of application, reduced construction costs.And prefabricate product specification is consistent, and quality is unified, and the construction quality of building structure can access sufficient assurance.

When side fascia of the present invention is prefabricated in the factory; Through the good mould of prior customization, with counter the spreading of ceramic tile of well cutting, concreting overleaf after ceramic tile is completed; Because the coagulation soil pressure builds on ceramic tile, its firm degree be traditional construction technology can not compare.Because ceramic tile and side fascia one-shot forming in factory are compared with traditional method, saved the outer facade finishing duration greatly simultaneously; Not only accelerated the construction period; When guaranteeing safety in production and top quality, saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge greatly reduce building waste, avoid the pollution to environment.The present invention through the building of separate type, changes the mode of concreting through the propelling of housing industrialization process, on building waste, electric energy, water resource, timber, steel, all can bring significantly to change.Suppose 2012; The Chinese Urbanization's process still keeps present speed, and the dwelling construction amount reaches 1,000,000,000 square metres, and the housing industrialization ratio reaches 10%; This means the water yield that using water wisely is equivalent to 10 West Lakes; Reduce power consumption and be equivalent to one month the generated energy in Ge Zhou Ba, reduce deforestation and be equivalent to 9,000 hectares of forests.If the industrialization ratio reaches 20%, will mean the water yield of the West Lake, 20,340 ten thousand cubes=19 Hangzhou of using water wisely, 90.4 ten thousand tons of standard coals of energy efficient=22.6 hundred million degree electric weight=2 months generated energy in power station, pact Ge Zhou Ba; Reduce concrete loss 142.4 ten thousand steres=285 18 layers of dwelling house concrete amounts; Reduce 13.56 ten thousand tons=188 18 layers of dwelling house steel using amount of steel loss, surpass 1 Bird's Nest steel using amount.

The building that adopts the present invention to build, the building that the traditional mode of identical employing with scale is built is in whole building course, and the statistics that its material consumption, energy consumption are carried out is following:

Above data show that the building that adopts the present invention to build is compared with conventional art construction project, has clear superiority aspect material consumption, the energy consumption, is especially achieving noticeable achievement aspect constructional materials consumption and the building waste minimizing.Accelerated the construction period, when guaranteeing safety in production and top quality, saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge greatly, disposable finishing puts in place, reduces decoration garbage, avoids finishing pollution.

The present invention has improved the machining accuracy and the quality of construction wall greatly, has realized industrialization, standardization, the generalization of construction wall, can be widely used in the construction of building trade concrete steel building.The building that has used the present invention to build; Compare in also greatly lifting aspect the quality with the building that traditional handicraft is built; Common and common quality defects such as the seepage that is difficult to effect a radical cure, cracking, hollowing, room-sized deviation almost reduce to zero in traditional handicraft; Practice thrift about 3 months of duration, improved efficiency about 20% than the building of identical construction scope equal height simultaneously.

The present invention adopts embedded bar sleeve+slip casting to connect in the connection of precast composite outer insulated wall plate up and down, pours into the cementation material through the injected hole of cartridges sides, reinforcing bar is built with the grouting material be one, and safety of structure is improved greatly.Injected hole on the reinforced bar sleeve can the joints cement mortar, and slurry outlet can make filling process more smooth and easy.The hole wall of injected hole and slurry outlet is provided with one section screw thread, combines with it when being convenient to Grouting Pipe and being screwed into closely, avoids the grouting material before setting and harden, to flow out metal sleeve.Protruding ring rib and groove on the reinforced bar sleeve tube inwall; Aspect tensile strength, play tangible effect, promptly when the vertical muscle in the deck is received opposing pulling force with vertical connecting reinforcement, produced relative axial force between the cement mortar of microdilatancy and the reinforced bar sleeve tube inwall; Promptly cement mortar is produced systolic pressure radially; Make the cement mortar of microdilatancy encircle vertical connecting reinforcement more tightly, increased the bonding strength of the two greatly, and then increased the tensile strength of joint.

The horizontal steel tie of plate body of the present invention both sides is changed into the reinforcing bar of open band crotch by the reinforcing bar of former sealing; Because the reinforcing bar of open band crotch random shift position when running into the vertical muscle of dislocation; So the shortcoming of having avoided reinforcing bar to block each other, the speed when having improved the lifting wallboard.

Said inner thread sleeve one end is embedded in the deck, and the other end has three kinds of purposes, and the one,, lifting can be connected when installing with the hook of loop wheel machine; The 2nd, when fixing body of wall; Can connect one to one with the contact of diagonal brace, three are arranged on the deck left and right sides, can be used to connect template; This template is used to build adjacent two precast composite outer insulated wall plate seams, is set shaped steel formwork.What inner thread sleeve used is internal thread, is convenient to connect and back-out, and is suitable for hanging out installation after body of wall completes.

Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of said deck is undisguised material matsurface, and it is firmer to make that the present invention is connected with cast-in-place perps, also can prevent this and locate the shrinkage crack that concrete contraction causes this place.

The present invention has the antiseep system, comprises that structure is from waterproof, constructional waterproofing, material waterproofing three parts.Precast composite outer insulated wall plate is vertical seam when contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate with one deck is connected, and vertical seam adopts structure from waterproof, and promptly the edge joint position of two blocks of wallboards adopts cast-in-situ concrete to build, and makes it one integrated mass; When precast composite outer insulated wall plate is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of levels, be horizontal joint, horizontal joint adopts constructional waterproofing, i.e. all prefabricated tongue and groove in the top of wallboard and bottom, and it is indoor to stop water to flow to; Seam crossing at wall can also adopt polyethylene foamed plug and waterproof gasket cement etc. to carry out material waterproofing; Can adopt the improvement silicone adhesive such as waterproof gasket cement; Have advantages such as superior cold-resistant, heat-resisting, weather, durability; The motion of adaptation prefabricated panel that can be soft, and can as polyurethane, not receive ultraviolet ray and can make the surface produce cracking.Said vertical seam and horizontal joint are when concreting, and topping has played the effect of exterior sheathing, so need not to set up large form, the technology of simplification has been practiced thrift time and cost again.The present invention adopts deck and topping to clamp the structure of insulation layer, so when utilizing the present invention to build the building, do not need to install insulation layer, has also simplified technology greatly again, has saved time and cost.

Description of drawings

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is done further detailed explanation.

Fig. 1 is that the master of the embodiment of the invention one looks sketch map.

Fig. 2 is that sketch map is looked on the left side of the embodiment of the invention one.

Fig. 3 is the elevational schematic view of the embodiment of the invention one.

Fig. 4 is the sketch map of A-A section among Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is that sketch map is looked on the left side of the embodiment of the invention two.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of first kind of reinforced bar sleeve.

Fig. 7 sketch map that to be first kind of reinforced bar sleeve be connected with vertical muscle with vertical connecting reinforcement.

Fig. 8 is the sketch map of inner thread sleeve.

Fig. 9 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 8.

Figure 10 sketch map that to be the present invention of having adopted second kind of reinforced bar sleeve be connected with lower floor contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate.

Figure 11 is the distribution schematic diagram of connector among the present invention.

Figure 12 looks sketch map for the master of FRP plate.

Figure 13 is the schematic side view of FRP plate.

Figure 14 is the enlarged diagram of B-B section among Figure 12.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the plastics collar.

Figure 16 is provided with constructional drawing for connector in precast composite outer insulated wall plate.

Reference numeral: 1-deck, 2-topping, 3-insulation layer, 4-outer decorative layer, 7-tang, 8-recess, 9-inner thread sleeve, the vertical connecting reinforcement of 10-, 11-slip casting short tube, the vertical muscle of 12-, 13-pulp short tube, the horizontal steel tie of 14-, 15-reinforcing bar suspension ring, 16-cement mortar, 17-floor, 18-floor bar, 19-rubber strip, 20-polyethylene foamed plug, 21-waterproof gasket cement.

5-connector, the vertical groove of 5.1-, 5.2-FRP joint bar, 5.3-fin, the 5.4-angle of wedge, 5.5-collar cap, 5.6-cover ring body, 5.7-screw thread, 5.8-FRP plate, the 5.9-ABS plastics collar.

6-reinforced bar sleeve, 6.1-screwed hole, 6.2-sleeve nose end bulge loop, 6.3-protruding ring rib, 6.4-slurry outlet, 6.5-injected hole, 6.6-groove.

The specific embodiment

Embodiment one is referring to shown in Fig. 1-4; This precast composite outer insulated wall plate, its plate body order from the inside to the outside have deck 1, insulation layer 3 and topping 2, and reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck; Insulation layer 3 is extrusion molding polystyrol plastic foam plates; In the concrete of topping 2 reinforced mesh is arranged, said deck 1, insulation layer 3 and topping 2 threes are interted by the connector 5 of spot distribution and are anchored at together, and the distribution of connector can be referring to Figure 11.The left and right edges of said topping 2 and insulation layer 3 protrudes in deck 1; The lower limb of topping 2 extends tang 7 downwards; The top of topping 2 and insulation layer 3 projects upwards in deck 1, and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata 8.Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 is undisguised material matsurface.When the company seam crossing concreting of adjacent two prefabricated combined wall boards, topping 2 can serve as template, has simplified technology.

The horizontal bar two ends of said reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie 14; And this horizontal steel tie 14 does not protrude in the edge, the left and right sides of insulation layer 3 and topping 2; The vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face; Become the vertical connecting reinforcement 10 that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata; And this vertical connecting reinforcement 10 projects upwards in the top edge of insulation layer 3 and topping 2, and the end face of deck also upwards is extended with reinforcing bar suspension ring 15.The bottom of deck 1 is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve 6 of lower floor's vertical connecting reinforcement of contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate.

Said reinforced bar sleeve 6 has two kinds; Material is a rolled section steel, and profile is drum or prism shape, on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, has an injected hole 6.5; On the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet 6.4; Said slurry outlet is connected with pulp short tube 13, and injected hole is connected with slip casting short tube 11, and the medial surface of deck 1 is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube 13 and slip casting short tube 11.Among Fig. 6, Fig. 7 first kind of reinforced bar sleeve; The tube inwall of this reinforced bar sleeve is a undergauge; Tube inwall one end of reinforced bar sleeve 6 is provided with the screwed hole 6.1 of undergauge; Screwed hole 6.1 is threaded with vertical muscle 12 in the deck, goes back reinforcement of weld simultaneously, and the tube inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve 6 is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop 6.2; Tube between said screwed hole 6.1 and the sleeve nose end bulge loop 6.2 has a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs 6.3 on the inwall, is being equipped with groove 6.6 between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve.

Among Figure 10 second kind of reinforced bar sleeve; Compare with first kind of reinforced bar sleeve; The tube inwall of second kind of reinforced bar sleeve is for all directly; The top of this reinforced bar sleeve is fixedly connected with the vertical muscle 12 of reinforcing cage in the deck 1, on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, has an injected hole, on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, opens slurry outlet.Vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of lower floor stretches in the reinforced bar sleeve from the lower end, is connected with reinforced bar sleeve through cement mortar 16 then.

Also be embedded with the inner thread sleeve 9 perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck 1, the structure of this inner thread sleeve 9 can be referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9.Referring to Fig. 1, the inner thread sleeve 9 that is positioned at deck 1 left and right sides is used to connect template, and this template is that the perps of building between adjacent two precast composite outer insulated wall plates is used; Two pairs of inner thread sleeves about the inboard of the inner thread sleeve that the connection template is used also has, two pairs of inner thread sleeves are used to connect hanger about this.

Adopted a kind of novel connector in the present embodiment, had better effect, referring to Figure 12-16; This connector 5 is made up of FRP plate 5.8, FRP joint bar 5.2 and the ABS plastic collar 5.9, and wherein the bottom of FRP plate 5.8 is the shape of the angle of wedge 5.4, and symmetry vertical groove 5.1 is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate 5.8; The both sides of vertical groove 5.1 are fin 5.3, and said FRP joint bar 5.2 has two, divide in two groups of epimeres that are inserted in the FRP plate and hypomere, the deck and the vertical groove 5.1 in the topping with respect to prefabricated combined wall board; The said ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate 5.8, with respect in the insulation layer; The ABS plastic collar 5.9 is made up of cover ring body 5.6 and the collar cap 5.5 that is positioned at cover ring body upper end, and the inside wall of cover ring body 5.6 is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate, and the lateral wall of cover ring body 5.6 is a matsurface; In the present embodiment; Matsurface on cover ring body 5.6 lateral walls is a screw thread 5.7, certainly in other embodiments, also can wait other form for the convex-concave point.The FRP joint bar of said connector is horizontally placed in deck and the topping, and the cover ring body build-in of connector is in insulation layer.Certainly, said connector can also be other structure.FRP (full name Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastics) Chinese is fibre-reinforced plastics.

Referring to Figure 10; Accompany floor 17 between the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in the present invention and lower floor or upper strata; Also be lined with rubber strip 19 between the lower end of the deck 1 of precast composite outer insulated wall plate and the floor 17; Floor bar 18 is arranged in the floor 17; Said reinforced bar sleeve 6 is enclosed within on the vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate, and joints cement mortar 16 is fixing then, also is filled with polyethylene foamed plug 20 and waterproof gasket cement 21 between the topping of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of topping 2 of the present invention and lower floor or upper strata.

Embodiment two is referring to Fig. 5, and the lateral surface of said topping 2 is connected with outer decorative layer 4, and outer decorative layer 4 is face brick, coating or decorative panel.

When the lateral surface of topping does not need outer decorative layer, though perhaps need outer decorative layer, when outer decorative layer was not face brick, the preparation method of this precast composite outer insulated wall plate had two kinds.

First kind: step 1, assembled formwork; Step 2, on bed die, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9; Comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 3, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 4, before the deck concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed (distributing position according to connector on the said insulation layer has the hole, and connector is inserted in the hole and passes in insulation layer, the insert structure layer) in insulation layer, the insert structure layer; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with deck closely; Step 7, on insulation layer, place the topping reinforced mesh; Step 8, build the topping concrete; Step 9, maintenance; Step 10, form removal, lifting.If desired, step 10 also can be installed outer decorative layer after finishing on the topping lateral surface.In the said step 9; The system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, and constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 degree/hour; The constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree; Cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface; After said step 8 finishes; On side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents; Then after step 10 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.Fig. 4 is first kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate that preparation method is worked it out.

Second kind: step 1, assembly unit bed die; Step 2, on bed die, place the topping reinforced mesh; Step 3, build the topping concrete; Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with topping closely; Step 7, a side form; Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9; Comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 10, maintenance; Step 11, tear side form open, lifting.If desired, step 11 also can be installed outer decorative layer after finishing on the topping lateral surface.In the said step 9; The system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, and constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 degree/hour; The constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree; Cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface; After said step 9 finishes; On side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents; Then after step 11 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.

When the lateral surface of topping is connected with face brick, adopt following method to make: step 1, assembly unit bed die; Step 2, anti-shop outer decorative layer face brick on bed die, and then the reinforced mesh of placement topping earlier; Step 3, build the topping concrete; Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with topping closely; Step 7, a side form; Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9; Comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 10, maintenance; Step 11, tear side form open, lifting; After step 11 finishes, the film of outer decorative layer tile surface and the dividing strip in the brickwork joint are removed, and sticked at outer decorative layer tile surface and the interior cement paste of seam with cleaning.In the said step 2, on bed die, stick earlier two-sided tape, then with the outer decorative layer surface brick adherence on two-sided tape.In the said step 10; The system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, and constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 degree/hour; The constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree; Cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface; After said step 9 finishes; On side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents; Then after step 11 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.

Claims (5)

1. precast composite outer insulated wall plate; Its plate body order from the inside to the outside has deck (1), insulation layer (3) and topping (2); Reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck; In the concrete of topping (2) reinforced mesh is arranged; It is characterized in that: said deck (1), insulation layer (3) and topping (2) three are anchored at together by the connector (5) of spot distribution is interspersed, and the left and right edges of said topping (2) and insulation layer (3) protrudes in deck (1), and the lower limb of topping (2) extends tang (7) downwards; The top of topping (2) and insulation layer (3) projects upwards in deck (1), and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata (8);
The horizontal bar two ends of said reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie (14); The vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face; Become the vertical connecting reinforcement (10) that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata; The bottom of deck (1) is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve (6) of lower floor's vertical connecting reinforcement of contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate; The top of said reinforced bar sleeve (6) is fixedly connected with the vertical muscle (12) of reinforcing cage in the deck (1); On the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole (6.5); On the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet (6.4); Slurry outlet (6.4) is connected with slip casting short tube (11) with pulp short tube (13) with injected hole (6.5), and the medial surface of deck (1) is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube (13) and slip casting short tube (11), also is embedded with the inner thread sleeve (9) perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck (1);
The material of said reinforced bar sleeve (6) is a rolled section steel; Profile is drum or prism shape; The tube inwall of reinforced bar sleeve (6) is for all directly or undergauge; Wherein tube inwall one end of the reinforced bar sleeve of undergauge is provided with the screwed hole (6.1) of undergauge; Screwed hole (6.1) is threaded with vertical muscle (12) in the deck (1); The tube inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve (6) is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop (6.2), on the inwall between said screwed hole (6.1) and the sleeve nose end bulge loop (6.2) a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs (6.3) is arranged, and is being equipped with groove (6.6) between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve;
Said connector (5) is made up of FRP plate (5.8), FRP joint bar (5.2) and the ABS plastic collar (5.9); Wherein the bottom of FRP plate (5.8) is the shape of the angle of wedge (5.4); Symmetry vertical groove (5.1) is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate (5.8); The both sides of vertical groove (5.1) are fin (5.3); Said FRP joint bar (5.2) has two at least; Divide two groups of epimeres that are inserted in the FRP plate with hypomere, with respect in the deck of prefabricated combined wall board and the vertical groove (5.1) in the topping, the said ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate (5.8), with respect in the insulation layer, and the ABS plastic collar (5.9) is by cover ring body (5.6) and be positioned at the collar cap (5.5) that overlaps the ring body upper end and form; The inside wall of cover ring body (5.6) is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate, and the lateral wall of cover ring body (5.6) is a matsurface.
2. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lateral surface of said topping (2) is connected with outer decorative layer (4), and outer decorative layer is face brick, coating or decorative panel.
3. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of said deck (1) is undisguised material matsurface.
4. the preparation method of a precast composite outer insulated wall plate is characterized in that:
Step 1, assembly unit bed die;
Step 2, on bed die, place the topping reinforced mesh;
Step 3, build the topping concrete;
Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer (3);
Step 5, connector (5) is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping;
Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with topping closely;
Step 7, a side form;
Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring (15) and inner thread sleeve (9); Comprise horizontal steel tie (14), vertical connecting reinforcement (10) on the reinforcing cage; Reinforced bar sleeve (6) is fixedly connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube (13) is fixedly connected with reinforced bar sleeve (6) with slip casting short tube (11);
Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete;
Step 10, maintenance;
Step 11, tear side form open, lifting;
In said step 2; On bed die, instead spread the outer decorative layer face brick earlier; And then the reinforced mesh of placement topping, after step 11 finishes, again the film of outer decorative layer tile surface and the dividing strip in the brickwork joint are removed, and sticked at outer decorative layer tile surface and the interior cement paste of seam with cleaning;
In the said step 2, on bed die, stick earlier two-sided tape, then with the outer decorative layer surface brick adherence on two-sided tape.
5. the preparation method of precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: after said step 9 finishes; On side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck (1), be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents; Then after step 11 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck (1) with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.
CN2010101915442A 2010-06-04 2010-06-04 Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and manufacturing method thereof CN101831986B (en)

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