CN201687127U - Prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard - Google Patents

Prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201687127U
CN201687127U CN2010202152082U CN201020215208U CN201687127U CN 201687127 U CN201687127 U CN 201687127U CN 2010202152082 U CN2010202152082 U CN 2010202152082U CN 201020215208 U CN201020215208 U CN 201020215208U CN 201687127 U CN201687127 U CN 201687127U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
deck
layer
topping
insulated
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CN2010202152082U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
秦珩
李建树
张景明
周松
刘国权
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北京万科企业有限公司
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Priority to CN2010202152082U priority Critical patent/CN201687127U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201687127U publication Critical patent/CN201687127U/en

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Abstract

A prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard is characterized in that a board body of the wallboard sequentially comprises a structural layer, a heat preservation layer and a protective layer from inside to outside. A steel reinforcement cage is arranged inside the structural layer; a steel reinforcement net sheet is arranged inside concrete of the protective layer; the structural layer, the heat preservation layer and the protective layer are anchored together in a penetrating and inserting manner by the aid of connecting parts in point distribution; the left edges and the right edges of the protective layer and the heat preservation layer project out of the structural layer; the lower edge of the protective layer extends downwards out of a convex opening; the tops of the protective layer and the heat preservation layer project upwards out of the structural layer; and a concave opening corresponding to the convex opening of an adjacent prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard on an upper layer is arranged at the upper edge of the protective layer. The wallboard simplifies constructional working procedures, accelerates constructional speed and reduces construction project cost. Moreover, products prefabricated by factories are uniform in specifications and quality, the constructional quality of a building structure can be sufficiently ensured to realize industrialization, standardization and universality of a building wall, and the prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard can be widely applied to construction of reinforced concrete buildings in construction industry.

Description

Precast composite outer insulated wall plate
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of prefabricated reinforced concrete outer insulated wall plate.
Background technology
The method of cast-in-place concrete is adopted in present dwelling construction, the site operation of exterior wall agent structure generally will be through installing template, laying reinforcing bar, the placing of concrete working procedure of form removal again, after the exterior wall main structure construction finishes, also to carry out a series of a large amount of loaded down with trivial details work such as the construction of external-wall exterior insulation layer, outer decorative layer construction and interior decoration construction.The energy consumption that every square metre of dwelling house will cause to be equivalent to 20 kilograms of standard coals, consumption, 3% concrete loss, the loss of 3% steel and the consumption of 0.05 cubic metre of timber of 0.05 cubic metre of water.Hand over the room mode computation with the rough house that generally adopts at present, the client is in fitment process, and each household also can bring the decoration garbage consumption about 2 tons.Each engineering all needs to use a lot of haulage vehicles that a large amount of building materials are transported to the building site from outside the city, and construction finishes and more a large amount of building wastes transported to outside the city from the building site, and this makes the matter worse original urban traffic of just blocking up very much more.Site operation also has following defectives: site operation program and complex management, and construction cost is bigger; Building waste is more, and project site is not easy to clean; The noise of site operation has a strong impact on the live and work of surrounding resident, is unfavorable for the protection of environment; Because be subjected to the influence of factors such as constructional materials, weather conditions, field control, quality of workers, the site operation quality also is not easy to be guaranteed.
The industrialization of construction industry of China was sign with the prestressed hollow slab mainly since the starting seventies in last century at that time, and to the beginning of the eighties, ground such as Beijing are introduced dwelling house and built industrialized significant technology from Eastern Europe---full assembling type large plate structure system.But because the cold bridge heat bridge problem of the thermal insulation problem of wallboard, wallboard seam crossing, surface layer cracking and the problem that comes off, structure load-bearing security problems all are not well solved, therefore, prefabricating technique is not only not prosperous along with upsurge in construction, is tending towards decline on the contrary rapidly.
On August 12nd, 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao held Executive Meeting of the State Council, proposed China first and will cultivate low-carbon economy as new growth point, " greatly develop green economy.The decision and deployment that combining closely expands domestic demand boosts economic growth, cultivating with the low-carbon emission is the new growth engines of feature, accelerating to build with the low emission is industry, building, the railway and highway system of feature ".Know that therefrom housing industrialization is a kind of inexorable trend, the problem, prefabricated, the site-assembled dwelling house mass production method of a kind of new batch production of research that solve housing industrialization have become the task of top priority.
The utility model content
The purpose of this utility model provides a kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate, solve that the conventional construction method freight volume is big, construction cost is high, construction quality do not guarantee, the serious problem of environment pollution.
For achieving the above object; the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate; its plate body order from the inside to the outside has deck; insulation layer and topping; reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck; in the concrete of topping reinforced mesh is arranged; it is characterized in that: described deck; insulation layer and topping three are anchored at together by the connector of spot distribution is interspersed; the left and right edges of described topping and insulation layer protrudes in deck; the lower limb of topping extends tang downwards; the top of topping and insulation layer projects upwards in deck, and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata.
The horizontal bar two ends of described reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie, the vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face, become the vertical connecting reinforcement that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata, the bottom of deck is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve of the vertical connecting reinforcement of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of lower floor, fixedly connected with the vertical muscle of reinforcing cage in the deck in the top of described reinforced bar sleeve, on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole, on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet, slurry outlet is connected with the slip casting short tube with the pulp short tube with injected hole, the medial surface of deck is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube and slip casting short tube, also is embedded with the inner thread sleeve perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck.
The lateral surface of described topping can be connected with outer decorative layer, and outer decorative layer can be face brick, coating or decorative panel.
Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of described deck all can be undisguised material matsurface.
Described connector is by the FRP plate; the FRP joint bar and the ABS plastic collar are formed; wherein the bottom of FRP plate is the shape of the angle of wedge; symmetry vertical groove is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate; the both sides of vertical groove are fin; described FRP joint bar has two at least; be inserted in the epimere and the hypomere of FRP plate respectively; in the deck and the vertical groove in the topping with respect to prefabricated combined wall board; the described ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate; in insulation layer; the ABS plastic collar is made up of cover ring body and the collar cap that is positioned at cover ring body upper end; the inside wall of cover ring body is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate, and the lateral wall of cover ring body is a matsurface.
The material of described reinforced bar sleeve is a rolled section steel, profile is drum or prism shape, the tube inwall of reinforced bar sleeve is for all directly or undergauge, wherein tube inwall one end of the reinforced bar sleeve of undergauge is provided with the screwed hole of undergauge, screwed hole is threaded with vertical muscle in the deck, the tube inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop, tube between described screwed hole and the sleeve nose end bulge loop has a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs on the inwall, is being equipped with groove between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve.
Compared with prior art the utlity model has following characteristics and beneficial effect: the utility model is transported to the job site after being prefabricated in the factory and finishing, the job site adopts lifting to install, member is assembled into integral body by reliable connected mode, help realizing housing industrialization, overcome the defective of the on-the-spot formwork of traditional form of construction work, assembling reinforcement, concreting, after finishing, major structure of construction do not need to carry out again the construction of door and window installation, insulation layer, outside finish, simplified working procedure, accelerate speed of application, reduced construction costs.And prefabricate product specification unanimity, quality is unified, and the construction quality of building structure can access sufficient assurance.
When side fascia of the present utility model is prefabricated in the factory, by the good mould of prior customization, with counter the spreading of ceramic tile of well cutting, concreting overleaf after ceramic tile is completed, because the coagulation soil pressure builds on ceramic tile, its firm degree be traditional construction technology can not compare.Because ceramic tile and side fascia one-shot forming in factory are compared with traditional method, saved the outer facade finishing duration greatly simultaneously, not only accelerated the construction period, when guaranteeing safety in production and top quality, saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge greatly reduce building waste, avoid the pollution to environment.The utility model by the building of separate type, changes the mode of concreting by the propelling of housing industrialization process, all can bring significantly to change on building waste, electric energy, water resource, timber, steel.Suppose 2012, the Chinese Urbanization's process still keeps present speed, the dwelling construction amount reaches 1,000,000,000 square metres, the housing industrialization ratio reaches 10%, this means the water yield that using water wisely is equivalent to 10 West Lakes, reduce power consumption and be equivalent to one month the generated energy in Ge Zhou Ba, reduce deforestation and be equivalent to 9,000 hectares of forests.If the industrialization ratio reaches 20%, will mean the water yield of the West Lake, 20,340 ten thousand cubes=19 Hangzhou of using water wisely, 90.4 ten thousand tons of standard coals of energy efficient=22.6 hundred million degree electric weight=2 months generated energy in power station, pact Ge Zhou Ba; Reduce concrete loss 142.4 ten thousand steres=285 18 floor dwelling house concrete amounts; Reduce 13.56 ten thousand tons=188 18 floor dwelling house steel using amounts of steel loss, surpass 1 Bird's Nest steel using amount.
The building that adopts the utility model to build, the building that the traditional mode of identical employing with scale is built is in whole building course, and the statistics that its material consumption, energy consumption are carried out is compared as follows:
Above data show that the building that adopts the utility model to build is compared with conventional art construction project, has clear superiority aspect material consumption, the energy consumption, is especially achieving noticeable achievement aspect constructional materials consumption and the building waste minimizing.Accelerated the construction period, when guaranteeing safety in production and top quality, saving energy, lowering energy consumption and reducing pollutants discharge greatly, disposable finishing puts in place, reduces decoration garbage, avoids finishing pollution.
The utility model has improved the machining accuracy and the quality of construction wall greatly, has realized industrialization, standardization, the generalization of construction wall, can be widely used in the construction of building trade concrete steel building.The building that has used the utility model to build, compare in also greatly lifting aspect the quality with the building that traditional handicraft is built, common and common quality defects such as the seepage that is difficult to effect a radical cure, cracking, hollowing, room-sized deviation almost reduce to zero in traditional handicraft, save about 3 months of duration, improved efficiency about 20% than the building of identical construction scope equal height simultaneously.
The utility model adopts embedded bar sleeve+slip casting to connect in the connection of precast composite outer insulated wall plate up and down, pours into the cementation material through the injected hole of cartridges sides, reinforcing bar is built with the grouting material be one, and safety of structure is improved greatly.Injected hole on the reinforced bar sleeve can the joints cement mortar, and slurry outlet can make filling process more smooth and easy.The hole wall of injected hole and slurry outlet is provided with one section screw thread, with it in conjunction with closely, avoids the grouting material to flow out metal sleeve before setting and harden when being convenient to Grouting Pipe and being screwed into.Protruding ring rib and groove on the reinforced bar sleeve tube inwall, aspect tensile strength, played tangible effect, promptly when the vertical muscle in the deck is received opposing pulling force with vertical connecting reinforcement, produce relative axial force between the cement mortar of microdilatancy and the reinforced bar sleeve tube inwall, promptly to cement mortar generation systolic pressure radially, make the cement mortar of microdilatancy encircle vertical connecting reinforcement more tightly, increased the bonding strength of the two greatly, and then increased the tensile strength of joint.
The horizontal steel tie of the utility model plate body both sides is changed into the reinforcing bar of open band crotch by the reinforcing bar of former sealing, because the reinforcing bar of open band crotch random shift position when running into the vertical muscle of dislocation, so the shortcoming of having avoided reinforcing bar to block mutually, the speed when having improved the lifting wallboard.
Described inner thread sleeve one end is embedded in the deck, the other end has three kinds of purposes, the one, when installing, lifting can be connected with the hook of loop wheel machine, the 2nd, when fixing body of wall, can connect one to one with the contact of diagonal brace, three are arranged on the deck left and right sides, can be used to connect template, this template is used to build adjacent two precast composite outer insulated wall plate seams, is set shaped steel formwork.What inner thread sleeve used is internal thread, is convenient to connect and back-out, and is suitable for hanging out installation after body of wall completes.
Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of described deck is undisguised material matsurface, and it is firmer to make that the utility model is connected with cast-in-place perps, can prevent that also this from locating the shrinkage crack that concrete contraction causes this place.
The utlity model has the antiseep system, comprise that structure is from waterproof, constructional waterproofing, material waterproofing three parts.Precast composite outer insulated wall plate is vertical seam when contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate with one deck is connected, and vertical seam adopts structure from waterproof, and promptly the edge joint position of two blocks of wallboards adopts cast-in-situ concrete to build, and makes it one integrated mass; When precast composite outer insulated wall plate is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of levels, be horizontal joint, horizontal joint adopts constructional waterproofing, i.e. all prefabricated tongue and groove in the top of wallboard and bottom, and it is indoor to stop water to flow to; Seam crossing at wall can also adopt polyethylene foamed plug and waterproof gasket cement etc. to carry out material waterproofing, can adopt the improvement silicone adhesive such as waterproof gasket cement, have advantages such as superior cold-resistant, heat-resisting, weather, durability, the motion of adaptation prefabricated panel that can be soft, and can as polyurethane, not be subjected to ultraviolet ray and can make the surface produce cracking.Described vertical seam and horizontal joint are when concreting, and topping has played the effect of exterior sheathing, so need not to set up large form, the technology of simplification has been saved time and cost again.The structure that the utility model adopts deck and topping to clamp insulation layer so when utilizing the utility model to build the building, do not need to install insulation layer, has also been simplified technology greatly again, has saved time and cost.
Description of drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
The master of Fig. 1 the utility model embodiment one looks schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is that schematic diagram is looked on the left side of the utility model embodiment one.
Fig. 3 is the elevational schematic view of the utility model embodiment one.
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of A-A section among Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is that schematic diagram is looked on the left side of the utility model embodiment two.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of first kind of reinforced bar sleeve.
Fig. 7 schematic diagram that to be first kind of reinforced bar sleeve be connected with vertical muscle with vertical connecting reinforcement.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of inner thread sleeve.
Fig. 9 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 8.
Figure 10 schematic diagram that to be the utility model of having adopted second kind of reinforced bar sleeve be connected with lower floor contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate.
Figure 11 is the distribution schematic diagram of connector in the utility model.
Figure 12 looks schematic diagram for the master of FRP plate.
Figure 13 is the schematic side view of FRP plate.
Figure 14 is the enlarged diagram of B-B section among Figure 12.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the plastics collar.
Figure 16 is provided with constructional drawing for connector in precast composite outer insulated wall plate.
Reference numeral: 1-deck, 2-topping, 3-insulation layer, 4-outer decorative layer, 7-tang, 8-recess, 9-inner thread sleeve, the vertical connecting reinforcement of 10-, 11-slip casting short tube, the vertical muscle of 12-, 13-pulp short tube, the horizontal steel tie of 14-, 15-reinforcing bar suspension ring, 16-cement mortar, 17-floor, 18-floor bar, 19-rubber strip, 20-polyethylene foamed plug, 21-waterproof gasket cement.
5-connector, the vertical groove of 5.1-, 5.2-FRP joint bar, 5.3-fin, the 5.4-angle of wedge, 5.5-collar cap, 5.6-cover ring body, 5.7-screw thread, 5.8-FRP plate, the 5.9-ABS plastics collar.
6-reinforced bar sleeve, 6.1-screwed hole, 6.2-sleeve nose end bulge loop, 6.3-protruding ring rib, 6.4-slurry outlet, 6.5-injected hole, 6.6-groove.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one is referring to shown in Fig. 1-4; this precast composite outer insulated wall plate; its plate body order from the inside to the outside has deck 1, insulation layer 3 and topping 2; reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck; insulation layer 3 is extrusion molding polystyrol plastic foam plates; in the concrete of topping 2 reinforced mesh is arranged, described deck 1, insulation layer 3 and topping 2 threes are by connector 5 interspersed being anchored at together of spot distribution, and the distribution of connector can be referring to Figure 11.The left and right edges of described topping 2 and insulation layer 3 protrudes in deck 1; the lower limb of topping 2 extends tang 7 downwards; the top of topping 2 and insulation layer 3 projects upwards in deck 1, and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata 8.Left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 is undisguised material matsurface.When the company seam crossing concreting of adjacent two prefabricated combined wall boards, topping 2 can serve as template, has simplified technology.
The horizontal bar two ends of described reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie 14; and this horizontal steel tie 14 does not protrude in the edge, the left and right sides of insulation layer 3 and topping 2; the vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face; become the vertical connecting reinforcement 10 that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata; and this vertical connecting reinforcement 10 projects upwards in the top edge of insulation layer 3 and topping 2, and the end face of deck has also protruded upward reinforcing bar suspension ring 15.The bottom of deck 1 is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve 6 of lower floor's vertical connecting reinforcement of contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate.
Described reinforced bar sleeve 6 has two kinds, material is a rolled section steel, profile is drum or prism shape, on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole 6.5, on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet 6.4, described slurry outlet is connected with pulp short tube 13, and injected hole is connected with slip casting short tube 11, and the medial surface of deck 1 is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube 13 and slip casting short tube 11.Fig. 6, among Fig. 7 first kind of reinforced bar sleeve, the tube inwall of this reinforced bar sleeve is a undergauge, tube inwall one end of reinforced bar sleeve 6 is provided with the screwed hole 6.1 of undergauge, screwed hole 6.1 is threaded with vertical muscle 12 in the deck, go back reinforcement of weld simultaneously, the tube inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve 6 is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop 6.2, tube between described screwed hole 6.1 and the sleeve nose end bulge loop 6.2 has a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs 6.3 on the inwall, is being equipped with groove 6.6 between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve.
Among Figure 10 second kind of reinforced bar sleeve, compare with first kind of reinforced bar sleeve, the tube inwall of second kind of reinforced bar sleeve is for all directly, fixedly connected with the vertical muscle 12 of reinforcing cage in the deck 1 in the top of this reinforced bar sleeve, on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole, on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet.Vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of lower floor stretches in the reinforced bar sleeve from the lower end, is connected with reinforced bar sleeve by cement mortar 16 then.
Also be embedded with the inner thread sleeve 9 perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck 1, the structure of this inner thread sleeve 9 can be referring to Fig. 8, Fig. 9.Referring to Fig. 1, the inner thread sleeve 9 that is positioned at deck 1 left and right sides is used to connect template, and this template is that the perps of building between adjacent two precast composite outer insulated wall plates is used; Two pairs of inner thread sleeves about the inboard of the inner thread sleeve that the connection template is used also has, two pairs of inner thread sleeves are used to connect hanger about this.
Adopted a kind of novel connector in the present embodiment; have better effect; referring to Figure 12-16; this connector 5 is by FRP plate 5.8; the FRP joint bar 5.2 and the ABS plastic collar 5.9 are formed; wherein the bottom of FRP plate 5.8 is the shape of the angle of wedge 5.4; symmetry vertical groove 5.1 is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate 5.8; the both sides of vertical groove 5.1 are fin 5.3; described FRP joint bar 5.2 has two; be inserted in the epimere and the hypomere of FRP plate respectively; in the deck and the vertical groove 5.1 in the topping with respect to prefabricated combined wall board; the described ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate 5.8; in insulation layer; the ABS plastic collar 5.9 is made up of cover ring body 5.6 and the collar cap 5.5 that is positioned at cover ring body upper end; the inside wall of cover ring body 5.6 is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate; the lateral wall of cover ring body 5.6 is a matsurface, and in the present embodiment, the matsurface on cover ring body 5.6 lateral walls is a screw thread 5.7; certainly in other embodiments, also can wait other form for the convex-concave point.The FRP joint bar of described connector is horizontally placed in deck and the topping, and the cover ring body build-in of connector is in insulation layer.Certainly, described connector can also be other structure.FRP(full name Fiberglass-Reinforced Plastics) Chinese is fibre-reinforced plastics.
Referring to Figure 10; accompany floor 17 between the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in the utility model and lower floor or upper strata; also be lined with rubber strip 19 between the lower end of the deck 1 of precast composite outer insulated wall plate and the floor 17; floor bar 18 is arranged in the floor 17; described reinforced bar sleeve 6 is enclosed within on vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate; joints cement mortar 16 is fixing then, also is filled with polyethylene foamed plug 20 and waterproof gasket cement 21 between the topping of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate of topping 2 of the present utility model and lower floor or upper strata.
Embodiment two is referring to Fig. 5, and the lateral surface of described topping 2 is connected with outer decorative layer 4, and outer decorative layer 4 is face brick, coating or decorative panel.
When the lateral surface of topping does not need outer decorative layer, though perhaps need outer decorative layer, when outer decorative layer was not face brick, the preparation method of this precast composite outer insulated wall plate had two kinds.
First kind: step 1, assembled formwork; Step 2, on bed die, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9, comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage, reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedlyed connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedlyed connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 3, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 4, before the deck concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed (distributing position according to connector on the described insulation layer has the hole, and connector is inserted in the hole and passes in insulation layer, the insert structure layer) in insulation layer, the insert structure layer; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with deck closely; Step 7, on insulation layer, place the topping reinforced mesh; Step 8, build the topping concrete; Step 9, maintenance; Step 10, form removal, lifting.If desired, step 10 also can be installed outer decorative layer after finishing on the topping lateral surface.In the described step 9, the system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 the degree/hour, the constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree, cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface, after described step 8 finishes, on side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents, then after step 10 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.Fig. 4 is first kind of precast composite outer insulated wall plate that preparation method is worked it out.
Second kind: step 1, assembly unit bed die; Step 2, on bed die, place the topping reinforced mesh; Step 3, build the topping concrete; Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with topping closely; Step 7, a side form; Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9, comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage, reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedlyed connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedlyed connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 10, maintenance; Step 11, tear side form open, lifting.If desired, step 11 also can be installed outer decorative layer after finishing on the topping lateral surface.In the described step 9, the system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 the degree/hour, the constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree, cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface, after described step 9 finishes, on side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents, then after step 11 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.
When the lateral surface of topping is connected with face brick, adopt following method to make: step 1, assembly unit bed die; Step 2, anti-shop outer decorative layer face brick on bed die, and then the reinforced mesh of placement topping earlier; Step 3, build the topping concrete; Step 4, before the topping concrete initial set, place insulation layer 3; Step 5, connector 5 is vertically passed insulation layer, inserts in the topping; Step 6, integral body are vibrated, and connector is combined with topping closely; Step 7, a side form; Step 8, on insulation layer, place reinforcing cage, reinforcing bar suspension ring 15 and inner thread sleeve 9, comprise horizontal steel tie 14, vertical connecting reinforcement 10 on the reinforcing cage, reinforced bar sleeve 6 is fixedlyed connected with the deck reinforcing cage, pulp short tube 13 is fixedlyed connected with reinforced bar sleeve 6 with slip casting short tube 11; Step 9, pouring structure layer concrete; Step 10, maintenance; Step 11, tear side form open, lifting; After step 11 finishes, the film of outer decorative layer tile surface and the dividing strip in the brickwork joint are removed, and sticked at outer decorative layer tile surface and the interior cement paste of seam with cleaning.In the described step 2, on bed die, stick earlier two-sided tape, then with the outer decorative layer surface brick adherence on two-sided tape.In the described step 10, the system of maintenance is quietly to stop, heat up, constant temperature, cooling respectively are 2 hours, 2 hours, 8 hours and 2 hours, wherein programming rate be controlled at 15 the degree/hour, the constant temperature maximum temperature is controlled at 60 degree, cooling rate be controlled at 10 degree/hour, when wallboard and atmosphere temperature-difference are not more than 15 when spending, remove covering.In order to make undisguised material matsurface, after described step 9 finishes, on side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1, be coated with the slow setting interfacial agents, then after step 11 finishes, wash away side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck 1 with giant, make side, the left and right sides, end face and the bottom surface of deck become undisguised material matsurface.

Claims (5)

1. precast composite outer insulated wall plate, its plate body order from the inside to the outside has deck (1), insulation layer (3) and topping (2), reinforcing cage is arranged in the deck, in the concrete of topping (2) reinforced mesh is arranged, it is characterized in that: described deck (1), insulation layer (3) and topping (2) three are anchored at together by the connector (5) of spot distribution is interspersed, the left and right edges of described topping (2) and insulation layer (3) protrudes in deck (1), the lower limb of topping (2) extends tang (7) downwards, the top of topping (2) and insulation layer (3) projects upwards in deck (1), and the top edge of topping has the recess corresponding with the tang of the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata (8);
The horizontal bar two ends of described reinforcing cage are stretched out plate body structure layer left and right sides face and are presented two rows inwardly to curved horizontal steel tie (14), the vertical muscle of reinforcing cage stretches out from plate body structure layer end face, become the vertical connecting reinforcement (10) that is connected with the contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate in upper strata, the bottom of deck (1) is embedded with and the corresponding reinforced bar sleeve (6) of lower floor's vertical connecting reinforcement of contiguous prefabricated composite outer insulated wall plate, fixedly connected with the vertical muscle (12) of reinforcing cage in the deck (1) in the top of described reinforced bar sleeve (6), on the reinforced bar sleeve sidewall of the end that enters the mouth near reinforcing bar, have an injected hole (6.5), on the sidewall that comes directly towards an end near reinforced bar sleeve, open slurry outlet (6.4), slurry outlet (6.4) is connected with slip casting short tube (11) with pulp short tube (13) with injected hole (6.5), the medial surface of deck (1) is stretched out in the outer end of pulp short tube (13) and slip casting short tube (11), also is embedded with the inner thread sleeve (9) perpendicular to the plate face on the medial surface of deck (1).
2. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lateral surface of described topping (2) is connected with outer decorative layer (4), and outer decorative layer is face brick, coating or decorative panel.
3. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1 is characterized in that: left and right sides face, end face and the bottom surface of described deck (1) is undisguised material matsurface.
4. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1; it is characterized in that: described connector (5) is by FRP plate (5.8); the FRP joint bar (5.2) and the ABS plastic collar (5.9) are formed; wherein the bottom of FRP plate (5.8) is the shape of the angle of wedge (5.4); symmetry vertical groove (5.1) is in opposite directions arranged on the two sides of FRP plate (5.8); the both sides of vertical groove (5.1) are fin (5.3); described FRP joint bar (5.2) has two at least; be inserted in the epimere and the hypomere of FRP plate respectively; in the deck of prefabricated combined wall board and the vertical groove (5.1) in the topping; the described ABS plastic collar is enclosed within the stage casing of FRP plate (5.8); in insulation layer; the ABS plastic collar (5.9) is formed by overlapping ring body (5.6) and being positioned at the collar cap (5.5) that overlaps the ring body upper end; the inside wall of cover ring body (5.6) is corresponding with the section configuration of FRP plate, and the lateral wall of cover ring body (5.6) is a matsurface.
5. precast composite outer insulated wall plate according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the material of described reinforced bar sleeve (6) is a rolled section steel, profile is drum or prism shape, the tube inwall of reinforced bar sleeve (6) is for all directly or undergauge, wherein tube inwall one end of the reinforced bar sleeve of undergauge is provided with the screwed hole (6.1) of undergauge, screwed hole (6.1) is threaded with vertical muscle (12) in the deck (1), the tube inwall other end of reinforced bar sleeve (6) is provided with sleeve nose end bulge loop (6.2), tube between described screwed hole (6.1) and the sleeve nose end bulge loop (6.2) has a plurality of spaced apart vertically protruding ring ribs (6.3) on the inwall, is being equipped with groove (6.6) between the adjacent protruding ring rib and between the two ends of the protruding ring rib at two ends and reinforced bar sleeve.
CN2010202152082U 2010-06-04 2010-06-04 Prefabricated composite outer heat preservation wallboard CN201687127U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101831986A (en) * 2010-06-04 2010-09-15 北京万科企业有限公司 Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN102251592A (en) * 2011-04-28 2011-11-23 河南省九建工程有限公司 Heat insulating structural system suitable for existing building masonry and construction method thereof
CN102650152A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich heat-preservation heat insulation concrete external wall panel and fabrication method
CN102704643A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-10-03 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing method for rinsing exposed aggregate colorful concrete external-hung wallboard
CN103225318A (en) * 2013-05-08 2013-07-31 董宏波 Anti-seepage and leaking-stoppage device for underground consecutive wall groove section joint point and construction method thereof
CN106368352A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-01 刘祥锦 Assembly type light heat insulation wall for building outer wall

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101831986A (en) * 2010-06-04 2010-09-15 北京万科企业有限公司 Precast composite outer insulated wall plate and manufacturing method thereof
CN102251592A (en) * 2011-04-28 2011-11-23 河南省九建工程有限公司 Heat insulating structural system suitable for existing building masonry and construction method thereof
CN102650152A (en) * 2012-05-14 2012-08-29 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Prefabricated sandwich heat-preservation heat insulation concrete external wall panel and fabrication method
CN102704643A (en) * 2012-06-20 2012-10-03 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing method for rinsing exposed aggregate colorful concrete external-hung wallboard
CN102704643B (en) * 2012-06-20 2014-08-06 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Manufacturing method for rinsing exposed aggregate colorful concrete external-hung wallboard
CN103225318A (en) * 2013-05-08 2013-07-31 董宏波 Anti-seepage and leaking-stoppage device for underground consecutive wall groove section joint point and construction method thereof
CN103225318B (en) * 2013-05-08 2015-07-15 宁波建工股份有限公司 Anti-seepage and leaking-stoppage device for underground consecutive wall groove section joint point and construction method thereof
CN106368352A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-02-01 刘祥锦 Assembly type light heat insulation wall for building outer wall

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