CN106499113A - One kind is just beating preparation technology without finish coat assembled body of wall - Google Patents

One kind is just beating preparation technology without finish coat assembled body of wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106499113A
CN106499113A CN201611098435.XA CN201611098435A CN106499113A CN 106499113 A CN106499113 A CN 106499113A CN 201611098435 A CN201611098435 A CN 201611098435A CN 106499113 A CN106499113 A CN 106499113A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
anchoring piece
warming plate
plate
concrete
pole
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Granted
Application number
CN201611098435.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106499113B (en
Inventor
翟传伟
李壮贤
侯钦鹏
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Qingdao Kerui New Environmental Protection Materials Group Co Ltd
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Qingdao Kerui New Environmental Protection Materials Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201611098435.XA priority Critical patent/CN106499113B/en
Publication of CN106499113A publication Critical patent/CN106499113A/en
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Publication of CN106499113B publication Critical patent/CN106499113B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • E04C2/288Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating composed of insulating material and concrete, stone or stone-like material
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/40Separate connecting elements
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete
    • E04B1/4157Longitudinally-externally threaded elements extending from the concrete or masonry, e.g. anchoring bolt with embedded head

Abstract

A kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beats preparation technology, and the body of wall includes that concrete wall, warming plate, the concrete walls external body arrange warming plate, arranges protective layer outside warming plate.The present invention proposes to produce Assembled self-insulating wallboard by the construction technology that warming plate is just being beaten, eliminate the outer page plate and the inside and outside connector being connected in former sandwich structure, cost is made to decline to a great extent, improve production efficiency, reduce the deadweight of building, guarantee is provided for spread assembled architecture.

Description

One kind is just beating preparation technology without finish coat assembled body of wall
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material technical field, more particularly to a kind of manufacture method of novel fabricated body of wall, set Meter and installing area.
Background technology
Used as maximum developing country, China's per Unit GDP Energy Consumption is world average level more than 2 times, in the face of increasingly Severe energy security situation, country are all carrying forward vigorously energy-saving and emission-reduction in every field.Building energy consumption occupies China's total energy consumption 20 ~ 30%, therefore building energy conservation be just particularly important.Newest building energy-saving standard be northern area for example Beijing, Tianjin, Shandong, Hebei, Xinjiang etc. save the energy conservation standard for having realized 75%, and the cities and towns residential architecture of most area is 65%, only a few ground Area requires to be 50%.As China's Developing Energy-saving Construction is later, each side all owe ripe compared with European and American developed countries, energy-conservation skill Art measure is also relative with standard to fall behind, but on the whole, super low energy consumption building, green building are the development trends of China's building.
Super low energy consumption building is commonly referred to as passive type building at home, i.e., without heating and the air-conditioning or using extremely low of active Energy consumption can just maintain the building of comfortable indoor thermal environment.The peripheral structure of passive type building requirements building has pole Good heat insulation effect and seal, the situation according to current passive type building are seen, using the best organic insulation of heat-insulating property , used as insulation construction, its thickness is more than 15cm, and uses vacuum thermal insulation plate, total thickness for material polyurethane or polystyrene foam Degree control can meet the insulation demand of super low energy consumption building within 6cm.
Assembled architecture is the main flow direction of engineering construction, that is, build house as producing automobile, carry out work comprehensively Factory's Prefabrication, the build model assembled by scene.But assembled body of wall is adopted generally using sandwich style at present Structural form, the structural form is by passing through the connector of warming plate by 5-8cm thick concrete slabs and main body on the outside of warming plate The concrete of structure connects, and the construction of the sandwich has that the loaded down with trivial details, cost of production is high, security system is low, for solid The connector of the thick concrete slabs of fixed outside 5-8cm does not implement standard, difficult quality guarantee, and forms substantial amounts of cold bridge, mesh Front whole dependence on import, cost remain high, and cause current assembled architecture to be difficult to promote, and incremental cost remains high.
Content of the invention
For the assembled wallboard of above sandwich structure, the present invention proposes the construction technology production that is just beating by warming plate Assembled self-insulating wallboard, eliminates the outer page plate and the inside and outside connector being connected in former sandwich structure, under making cost significantly Drop, improves production efficiency, reduces the deadweight of building, provides guarantee for spread assembled architecture.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beats preparation technology, and the body of wall includes concrete wall, warming plate, the coagulation Cob wall external body arranges warming plate, arranges protective layer outside warming plate, and it is as follows that warming plate is just beating construction technology method step:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the part of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the surface laying warming plate of concrete, while the outer anchor that will anchor identification piece or anchoring piece molectron At the plate stitch of firmware insertion warming plate, warming plate is processed with expanded material after having laid and clogs the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick protective layers of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays one plating Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net, at the same by anchoring piece insert in anchoring identification piece or will anchoring piece molectron the insertion of interior anchoring piece outer In the major diameter inner core of anchoring piece, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, in galvanized steel wire netting Or sprayed above glass fiber net again or the thick protective layers of 0.5-2cm together with blade coating;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved,
7th step, demoulding lifting chipping;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 8th step.
A kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beats preparation technology, and the body of wall includes concrete wall, warming plate, described Concrete walls external body arranges warming plate, arranges protective layer, just beating the processing technology of Assembled self-insulating body of wall outside warming plate As described below:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the part of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the surface laying warming plate of concrete, while the outer anchor that will anchor identification piece or anchoring piece molectron At the plate stitch of firmware insertion warming plate, warming plate is processed with expanded material after having laid and clogs the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick protective layers of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays one plating Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net, at the same by anchoring piece insert in anchoring identification piece or will anchoring piece molectron the insertion of interior anchoring piece outer In the major diameter inner core of anchoring piece, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, in galvanized steel wire netting Or sprayed above glass fiber net again or scratch one thick protective layer of 0.5-2cm;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved,
7th step, demoulding lifting chipping;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 8th step.
Preferably, the protective layer can be that cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, cement are fine Dimension mat.
Preferably, the insulation material of the warming plate is vacuum heat-insulating plate.
Preferably, the warming plate and concrete wall are fixed by anchoring piece molectron, the anchoring piece group Component includes that outer anchoring piece and interior anchoring piece, the outer anchoring piece include outer anchoring piece center-pole and be located at outer anchoring piece center First end cap of bar outer end, the size of first end cap are more than the size of the cross section of outer anchoring piece center-pole;The outer anchor FWH bar is hollow structure;The interior anchoring piece includes interior anchoring piece center-pole and is located at interior anchoring piece center-pole outer end The second end cap, the size of the size of second end cap more than the cross section of interior anchoring piece center-pole, in the interior anchoring piece Core bar is inserted in the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole.
Preferably, the internal face of the hollow structure arranges the first projection, the interior anchoring piece center-pole outside wall surface sets Put the second projection, when the interior anchoring piece center-pole inserts the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole, first projection and the Two projections mutually fasten.
Preferably, the part of the fixed Self-insulation wall plate in second step include sleeve, suspension hook, the strong point, penetration pipe, Electric wire box.
Preferably, first projection and the second projection are structure thorns.
Preferably, first projection from internal face outward or interior extreme direction extend, the extension side of the second projection To raised with first contrary.
Preferably, density M that structure is pierced is set to the function apart from L from outer end inboard end, i.e. M=F(L), then F' (L)>0, then F''(L)>0, wherein F'(L)、F''(L)It is F respectively(L)First order derivative and second derivative.
Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchoring piece arranges convex portion.
Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchoring piece arranges opening, extend in outer anchoring piece center-pole.
Preferably, the outside wall surface of described outer anchoring piece center-pole arranges structure thorn, the structure thorn extends towards outer end.
Preferably, first end cap and the second end cap are circle, first end cap with diameter greater than the second end cap Diameter.
Relative to prior art, the invention has the advantages that or advantage:
1)The invention discloses a kind of preparation technology of new heat insulation integrated body of wall, the structure of the self heat insulation wall is included holds Weight structure, water proof structure, the self heat insulation wall once-cast shaping, by the construction technology that is just beating, effectively can ensure The integrity of adiabator, construction technology are more simple and convenient, firmly durable with heat-insulation layer, can with build same life-span, by this The just manual labour skill of warming plate, overcomes existing sandwich wallboard and exists from heavy, do not prevent fires, outer page wallboard easy to fall off, exist The problems such as severe compromise, the making production simple and fast of the more present sandwich wallboard of the production technology of the self heat insulation wall, Second pouring is kept to once-cast, outer page wallboard and connector is eliminated, the weight of body of wall is reduced, cost savings are at least 100 yuan per square meter.
2)The present invention arranges convex portion and recess by arranging integrated concrete wall, it is to avoid water enters body of wall, so as to reality Existing waterproof.
3) present invention passes through to arrange encapsulant between adjacent concrete wall, further realizes waterproof.
4)The anchoring piece of the present invention is mainly used in the prefabricated components of plant produced self heat insulation wall, its China and foreign countries anchoring piece master It is used for warming plate to be fixed in concrete, interior anchoring piece is mainly used in the cement mortar protective course on the outside of embedded warming plate Middle glass fiber net or steel wire anchor, and the plate stitch of warming plate is not in addition taken, the heat bridge of self heat insulation wall is preferably minimized, and logical Cross the mutual of the thorn of falling structure in inside and outside anchoring piece molectron to hang upside down, define very big pulling capacity, and without the need for be consolidated with peg again Fixed.
5)The density that the present invention is pierced by the structure of outer anchoring piece outside wall surface is with the change from outer end inboard end, it is ensured that outward Anchoring piece is further fixed.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the assembled body of wall of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the concrete wall structure schematic diagram for arranging waterproof construction.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that concrete wall is combined.
Fig. 4 is the close-up schematic view of integrated wall.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of outer anchoring piece.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of interior anchoring piece.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation that inside and outside anchoring piece is combined.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of anchoring piece inside and outside applying on body of wall.
Fig. 9 is the integrated wall structural representation for including window.
In figure:In figure:1st, outer anchoring piece, 2, interior anchoring piece, 3, concrete wall, 4, warming plate, 5, glass web or steel wire Net, 6, cement sand bed, 7, convex portion, 8, recess, 9, elaxtic seal, 10, fluid sealant, 11, reinforcing bar, 12 suspension centres;
1-1, center-pole, 1-2, the first end cap, 1-3, convex portion, 1-4, opening, 1-5, projection, 1-6 projections;
2-1, center-pole, 2-2, the second end cap, 2-3 projections.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, the invention will be further described.
Fig. 1 illustrates a kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall, and the body of wall includes concrete wall 3, warming plate 4, warming plate 4 Outside arranges protective layer, arranges warming plate outside the concrete wall 3.
The protective layer can be cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat.
Fig. 1 illustrates the horizontal structure of body of wall, i.e., just making the schematic diagram for preparing of mode, and actually body of wall is when installing It is vertical direction.
Preferably, the insulation material 4 of the warming plate is vacuum heat-insulating plate.
The present invention further discloses warming plate is just beating construction technology method:
Warming plate is just beating construction technology method:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the part of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the surface laying warming plate of concrete, while the outer anchor that will anchor identification piece or anchoring piece molectron At the plate stitch of firmware insertion warming plate, warming plate is processed with expanded material after having laid and clogs the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick protective layers of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays one plating Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net, at the same by anchoring piece insert in anchoring identification piece or will anchoring piece molectron the insertion of interior anchoring piece outer In the major diameter inner core of anchoring piece, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, in galvanized steel wire netting Or sprayed above glass fiber net again or the thick protective layers of 0.5-2cm together with blade coating;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved,
7th step, demoulding lifting chipping;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 8th step.
A kind of self heat insulation wall by just making work and assembled system is just being beaten, including the production work that warming plate is just being beaten Skill and just made by warming plate work self heat insulation wall combination mounting process, just beating self heat insulation wall included structure, The functions such as window, insulation, threading are constituted, and the structure of the self heat insulation wall includes load-carrying members, water proof structure, the self-heat conserving wall Body once-cast shapes, and by the construction technology that is just beating, can effectively ensure the integrity of insulation material, and construction technology is simpler Single convenient, firmly durable with heat-insulation layer, can overcome existing by the just manual labour skill of the warming plate with the building same life-span Sandwich wallboard exist from heavy, do not prevent fires, outer page wallboard easy to fall off, there are problems that, the self-heat conserving Second pouring is kept to once-cast, is cancelled by the making production simple and fast of the more present sandwich wallboard of the production technology of body of wall Outer page wallboard and connector, the weight of body of wall reduce, and cost savings at least 100 yuan are per square meters.
The processing technology for just beating Assembled self-insulating body of wall is as described below:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the parts such as the sleeve of Self-insulation wall plate, suspension hook, the strong point, penetration pipe, electric wire box on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the warming plate of the surface laying with matcoveredn of concrete, while will anchoring identification piece or anchoring piece At the plate stitch of the outer anchoring piece insertion warming plate of molectron, warming plate uses expanded material after having laid(Foamed strip or foamed glue) Process and clog the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick cement layers of sand of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays together Galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net, while insert the interior anchoring piece in anchoring identification piece or by anchoring piece molectron by conventional anchors In the major diameter inner core of the outer anchoring piece of insertion, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, zinc-plated Sprayed above steel wire or glass fiber net again or the thick cement sand beds of 0.5-2cm together with blade coating;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved, and the 6th step demoulding is lifted by crane and repairs surface Defect;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 7th step.
The assembled that work is just being made by insulation installs the assembling that system is included but is not limited solely to just made work by insulation Formula self heat insulation wall, laminated floor slab, precast floor slab, preformed self thermal insulation balcony etc..
The Assembled self-insulating installs system by main member prefabrication, and beam column is cast-in-place, carry external decoration and built-in A kind of brand-new construction scheme with indoor hard-cover assembling building that assembling is constituted.The assembling system quick construction, Cost is cheap, quickly move in, the decoration of exterior wall and insulation same life-span, the advantages of the Life cycle of building need not be keeped in repair.
The Assembled self-insulating body of wall that work is just being made by insulation, the self heat insulation wall is structure set, decoration, insulation, window The functions such as family, threading, one-time cast-forming are conveniently transported, are installed, producing convenient, low cost.
The structure sheaf of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall includes load-bearing, the structural concrete layer of antidetonation and water proof structure layer, Construction moulding of the water proof structure layer by the Assembled self-insulating body of wall, after the construction installs combination, by extraneous rain Water is kept off on the outside of the structure of concrete, will not because of wall outside rainwater be seeped into the reinforcing bar of body of wall corrosion structure layer, will not be by outside Rainwater be seeped into interior.The upper end of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall arranges a projection, and the other end on the other side arranges one Groove, the dash techonosphere are raised by a handstand on load-bearing techonosphere, with another piece of assembled of next level from The groove of heat-insulating wall structure layer is combined, forms a dash techonosphere.
The Assembled self-insulating body of wall, is that its mode of production is just beaten with warming plate in factory's disposal pouring molding Construction technology is made.
The warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the first step of construction technology to be fixedly mounted in vibration die station Template, and window frame etc. is fixed.
It is to design and produce basis in advance that the warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the second step of construction technology Steel reinforcement cage be laid in template, or directly in template, lay assembling reinforcement, fix Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage The parts such as sleeve, suspension hook, the strong point, penetration pipe, electric wire box.
The warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the 3rd step of construction technology to be cast concrete and vibrates, coagulation The floating receipts light in native surface.
It is that warming plate tiling is fixed on mould that the warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the 4th step of construction technology In plate.
The insulation material of the warming plate can be organic foam insulation material such as styrofoam, extruded sheet, polyurethane sheet, phenolic aldehyde Plate, modified polyphenyl plate etc., inorganic heat insulation material such as aerogel blanket or aeroge sheet material, glass cotton, rock wool, foam glass, foam Cement, sintered pearlite plate etc., compound insulating material such as vacuum heat-insulating plate, inorganic compounding organic plates etc..Preferred version is vacuum Heat-insulating shield.
The preferred plan of the warming plate is that band matcoveredn, especially vacuum heat-insulating plate must be with matcoveredn, the protections Layer can be cement mortar or other protective layers(Such as binding cement thin plate or calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat etc.).
The outer anchoring piece of anchoring identification piece or anchoring piece molectron is inserted while warming plate is tiled the plate of warming plate At seam, warming plate uses expanded material after having laid(Foamed strip or foamed glue)Process and clog the plate stitch of full warming plate.
It is the table in the warming plate for laying that the warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the 5th step of construction technology The thick cement layers of sand of one 0.5-2cm of face spraying or blade coating simultaneously lay one galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net, while by conventional anchor Insert in the major diameter inner core of outer anchoring piece, and together in firmware insertion anchoring identification piece or by the interior anchoring piece of anchoring piece molectron Galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, sprayed above galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net again or and Scratch one thick cement sand bed of 0.5-2cm.
It is will to pour the concrete that is poured in be sent to that the warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall is just beating the 6th step of construction technology Maintenance in curing kilns.
The warming plate of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beating the 7th step of construction technology be the demoulding lift by crane and repair surface lack Fall into, the Assembled self-insulating body of wall that performs will just made by insulation and transport to building-site and be combined installation.
1st, as the Architectural Construction of factorial praluction, the system of complete set has been formed, the whole peripheral protective of building can have been made Structure all realizes factorial praluction.
2nd, the peripheral protective wallboard in the whole standard width of a room in an old-style house of factorial praluction has included structure, window, insulation, decoration, threading Constitute etc. function.
3rd, the peripheral structure in plant produced passes through the structurally waterproof layer of design, thoroughly prevents oozing for PC components connection Water, gap such as are come unglued at the defect.
4th, the peripheral protective wallboard in factorial praluction accomplishes light weight, thickness of thin, the spy for producing convenient, low production cost Point.
5th, will be with outer decorative layer in the peripheral protective wallboard of factorial praluction(Or protective layer)Insulation material is tied with concrete Structure body of wall one-time cast-forming, has accomplished insulation, decoration and building same life-span.
6th, above-mentioned insulation material is in factorial praluction peripheral protective wallboard, with outer decorative layer(Or protective layer)Warming plate exists In template during laying, need to be fixed with anchoring piece, assembled plate stitch is filled closely knit with thermal insulation material.
7th, in factorial praluction peripheral protective wallboard, the warming plate without outer decorative layer before laying in template needs to carry Front thick 1 of 1-3cm is laid in template room:The cement sand bed of 2.5-3.5, is internally embedded grid cloth or zinc-coated wire.
8th, in factorial praluction, the specification of the embedded grid cloth of cement sand bed should be 160-300 gram, galvanized steel wire netting Specification should be string diameter 0.5-0.9mm, between 8.5 × 8.5-12.7 of spacing × 12.7mm.
9th, the production in the peripheral protective wallboard of factorial praluction can be divided into two kinds of processes, and warming plate is counter to beat construction work Skill method, warming plate are just beating construction technology.
Fig. 2 illustrates a kind of integrated wall with waterproof construction of improved structure, and the body of wall includes polylith coagulation Cob wall body 3,3 vertical direction two ends of the concrete wall are respectively provided with convex portion 7 and recess 8, and adjacent concrete wall passes through Convex portion 7 and recess 8 connect.
The structure sheaf of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall includes load-bearing, the structural concrete layer of antidetonation and water proof structure layer, Construction moulding of the water proof structure layer by the Assembled self-insulating body of wall, after the construction installs combination, by extraneous rain Water is kept off on the outside of the structure of concrete, will not because of wall outside rainwater be seeped into the reinforcing bar of body of wall corrosion structure layer, will not be by outside Rainwater be seeped into interior.The upper end of the Assembled self-insulating body of wall arranges a projection, and the other end on the other side arranges one Groove, the dash techonosphere are raised by the handstand on load-bearing techonosphere top, another piece of assembled with next level The groove of self-insulation wall structure layer is combined, forms a dash techonosphere.
Preferably, the top of the concrete wall arranges convex portion, bottom arranges recess.
Preferably, thickness of the thickness on the top of the concrete wall less than bottom.By being arranged such, can be with One recess is set in the junction of adjacent concrete wall, so as to the material of correlation, such as concrete is filled in recess Material, the concrete so as to ensure adjacent preferably connect, while ensureing the firm and intensity of the concrete wall of connection.
Preferably, the thickness of the projection on the top of concrete wall 15-40mm less than the width of lower recess.
Preferably, the height of the thin part of concrete wall is 200-400mm.
By the optimization design of above-mentioned size, enable to concrete wall and at utmost save material, reduces cost is same When can also ensure that intensity and the firmness of connecting wall.
Preferably, the convex portion of adjacent concrete wall and recess junction arrange elaxtic seal.By arranging Elaxtic seal, can cause sealing property more preferable.Effect further up to waterproof.
Preferably, described concrete walls external body arranges insulation material, protective layer is set outside the insulation material Or finish coat.
Preferably, arranging fluid sealant between the insulation material of adjacent concrete wall.
Preferably, the insulation material is preferably warming plate.
Fig. 5-7 illustrates a kind of anchoring piece molectron fixed for insulation material anchoring, including outer anchoring piece 1 and interior anchor Firmware 2, as shown in figure 1, the outer anchoring piece 1 includes outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 and is located at outside outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 Size of the size of the first end cap 1-2 at end, the first end cap 1-2 more than the cross section of outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1;Described Outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 is hollow structure.
As shown in fig. 6, the interior anchoring piece 2 includes interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 and is located at interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 Size of the size of the second end cap 2-2 of outer end, the second end cap 2-2 more than the cross section of interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1, institute State in the hollow structure that interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 inserts outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1, as shown in Figure 3.
Preferably, the first end cap 1-2 and the second end cap 2-1 is circle, described center-pole 1-1 and 1-2 is round Tee section.
Preferably, the diameter with diameter greater than the second end cap 2-2 of the first end cap 1-2.Preferably, the first end cap The diameter of 1-2 is 1.2-1.8 times of the diameter of the second end cap 2-2, preferably 1.3-1.5 times.
Preferably, the diameter of center-pole 1-1 is 6-8mm, the diameter of center-pole 1-2 is 3-4mm.
Preferably, the internal face of the hollow structure arranges the first projection 1-5, outside the interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 Wall arranges the second projection 2-3, when the interior anchoring piece center-pole 2-1 inserts the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1, institute State the first projection and the second projection mutually fastens.
Preferably, first projection 1-5 and the second projection 2-3 are structure thorns.
Preferably, the described first prominent 1-5 is risen from internal face outward(That is the top end cap 1-2 directions of Fig. 1)Or it is interior End(That is the lower lug 1-3 of Fig. 1)Direction extends, and the bearing of trend of the second projection 2-3 is contrary with the first projection.
By arrange projection bearing of trend conversely, can cause by inside and outside anchoring piece molectron the thorn of falling structure mutual Projecting, very big pulling capacity is defined, and without the need for being fixed with peg again.
Preferably, density M that structure is pierced is set to the function apart from L from outer end inboard end, i.e. M=F(L), then F' (L)>0, then F''(L)>0, wherein F'(L)、F''(L)It is F respectively(L)First order derivative and second derivative.
By above-mentioned setting so that the first projection(Structure is pierced)1-5 and the second projection(Structure is pierced)The distribution density of 2-3 is along outer End inboard end constantly increases, and increased amplitude is also increasing.By above-mentioned setting so that the adhesion of interior outer process As the extension from outer end inboard end constantly increases, it is ensured that internal adhesion so that interior anchoring piece is more difficult to extract, from And ensure that combining closely for inside and outside anchoring piece.It is found through experiments, by being arranged such, can improves 20-40%'s or so Fixing force.
Above-mentioned formula is applied to projection 1-5 and 2-3.
Preferably, be that S is total from the center-pole 1-1 length of outer anchorage element 1, in dashing forward that the inner end of center-pole is arranged The density for playing 1-5 is in M, then * in density M=M of projection 1-5(S/S is total)A, wherein a are coefficients, 1.18<a<1.23.
Above-mentioned relation is obtained by substantial amounts of numerical simulation and its experiment, is tested by substantial amounts of Card.Density distribution is carried out by above-mentioned relation, enable to combination degree reach best.
Preferably, 1.19<a<1.21.
Preferably, as s/S increases, a is gradually reduced.
Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchoring piece 1 arranges convex portion 1-3.By arranging convex portion, it is further ensured that interior End and the adhesion of body of wall, it is ensured that do not allow to be drawn out easily in the inner.
Preferably, the inner end of the outer anchoring piece arranges opening 1-4, extend in outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1. Accordingly, 2 the inner of interior anchoring piece is also provided with the opening corresponding with opening 1-4, as shown in Figure 2.
By arranging opening 1-4, the adhesion of outer anchoring piece 1 and body of wall can be also further ensured that, it is ensured that outer anchoring piece 1 is not Easily extract.
Preferably, the outside wall surface of described outer anchoring piece center-pole 1-1 arranges structure thorn 1-6, structure thorn 1-6 is towards outer End extends.Extend towards Fig. 1 upper directions.
Preferably, density m that outside wall surface structure is pierced is set to the function apart from L from outer end inboard end, i.e. m=f (L), then f'(L)>0, then f''(L)>0, wherein f'(L)、f''(L)It is f respectively(L)First order derivative and second derivative.
By above-mentioned setting so that the distribution density of structure thorn 1-6 constantly increases along outer end inboard end, and increase Amplitude is also increasing.By above-mentioned setting so that the adhesion of projection 1-6 and body of wall with the extension from outer end inboard end not Disconnected increase so that outer anchoring piece is more difficult to extract, so that ensure that combining closely for inside and outside anchoring piece.It is found through experiments, By being arranged such, the fixing force of 15-30% or so can be improved.
Preferably, first end cap and the second end cap are circle, first end cap with diameter greater than the second end cap Diameter.
This anchoring piece is mainly used in the prefabricated components of plant produced self heat insulation wall, its China and foreign countries' anchoring piece be mainly used in by Warming plate is fixed in concrete, and interior anchoring piece is mainly used in glass fiber net in the cement mortar protective course on the outside of embedded warming plate Or steel wire anchor, and the plate stitch of warming plate is not in addition taken, the heat bridge of self heat insulation wall is preferably minimized, and passes through inside and outside anchor On firmware combinations part, the thorn of falling structure is mutually projecting, defines very big pulling capacity, and without the need for being fixed with peg again.
The above, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, protection scope of the present invention are not limited merely to above-mentioned reality Example is applied, all technical schemes belonged under this invention thinking belong to protection scope of the present invention.It should be pointed out that for this technology neck For the technical staff in domain, protection scope of the present invention is also considered as in any improvement without departing from the principle of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beats preparation technology, and the body of wall includes concrete wall, warming plate, described mixed Solidifying cob wall external body arranges warming plate, arranges protective layer outside warming plate, and it is as follows that warming plate is just beating construction technology method step:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the part of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the surface laying warming plate of concrete, while the outer anchor that will anchor identification piece or anchoring piece molectron At the plate stitch of firmware insertion warming plate, warming plate is processed with expanded material after having laid and clogs the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick protective layers of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays one plating Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net, at the same by anchoring piece insert in anchoring identification piece or will anchoring piece molectron the insertion of interior anchoring piece outer In the major diameter inner core of anchoring piece, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, in galvanized steel wire netting Or sprayed above glass fiber net again or the thick protective layers of 0.5-2cm together with blade coating;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved,
7th step, demoulding lifting chipping;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 8th step.
2. a kind of Assembled self-insulating body of wall just beats preparation technology, and the body of wall includes concrete wall, warming plate, described mixed Solidifying cob wall external body arranges warming plate, arranges protective layer, just beating the processing technology of Assembled self-insulating body of wall such as outside warming plate Lower described:
The first step, a good template in die station, and fix window frame;
Second step, is laid in template according to the steel reinforcement cage for designing and producing in advance, or directly lays colligation steel in template Muscle, fixes the part of Self-insulation wall plate on steel reinforcement cage;
3rd step, cast concrete are simultaneously vibrated, the floating receipts light in the surface of concrete;
4th step, directly in the surface laying warming plate of concrete, while the outer anchor that will anchor identification piece or anchoring piece molectron At the plate stitch of firmware insertion warming plate, warming plate is processed with expanded material after having laid and clogs the plate stitch of full warming plate;
5th step, in the thick protective layers of one 0.5-2cm of surface spraying or blade coating for the warming plate for laying and lays one plating Zinc steel wire or glass fiber net, at the same by anchoring piece insert in anchoring identification piece or will anchoring piece molectron the insertion of interior anchoring piece outer In the major diameter inner core of anchoring piece, and together galvanized steel wire netting or glass fiber net anchor are lived, after anchoring piece is installed, in galvanized steel wire netting Or sprayed above glass fiber net again or the thick protective layers of 0.5-2cm together with blade coating;
6th step, the self heat insulation wall for completing warming plate is sent in curing kilns and is conserved,
7th step, demoulding lifting chipping;
The self heat insulation wall that makes is combined installation by design requirement by the 8th step.
3. the technique as any one of claim 1 or 2, the protective layer can be cement mortar or binding cement thin plate or Calcium silicate board, glass magnesium board, Cement fibre mat.
4. the technique as any one of claim 1 or 2, the insulation material of the warming plate is vacuum heat-insulating plate.
5. the technique as any one of claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that the warming plate and concrete wall pass through Anchoring piece molectron is fixed, and the anchoring piece molectron includes that outer anchoring piece and interior anchoring piece, the outer anchoring piece include Outer anchoring piece center-pole and the first end cap positioned at outer anchoring piece center-pole outer end, the size of first end cap are more than outer anchor The size of the cross section of FWH bar;The outer anchoring piece center-pole is hollow structure;The interior anchoring piece includes interior anchoring Part center-pole and the second end cap positioned at interior anchoring piece center-pole outer end, the size of second end cap is more than in interior anchoring piece The size of the cross section of core bar, the interior anchoring piece center-pole are inserted in the hollow structure of outer anchoring piece center-pole.
6. technique as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the internal face of the hollow structure arranges the first projection, described Interior anchoring piece center-pole outside wall surface arranges the second projection, and the interior anchoring piece center-pole inserts the hollow knot of outer anchoring piece center-pole During structure, first projection and the second projection mutually fasten.
7. preparation technology as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that the part bag of the fixed Self-insulation wall plate in second step Include sleeve, suspension hook, the strong point, penetration pipe, electric wire box.
CN201611098435.XA 2016-12-03 2016-12-03 One kind just beats preparation technology without finish coat assembled wall Active CN106499113B (en)

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CN109514717A (en) * 2018-11-24 2019-03-26 天津中擎建筑工程有限公司 A kind of heat insulation integrated exterior wall panel forming method of structural ornament
CN111320434A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-23 筑芝建筑科技(上海)有限公司 Quality-feeling color sand asbestos-free fiber cement composite decorative material and preparation method thereof
CN111320434B (en) * 2020-03-05 2022-06-21 筑芝建筑科技(上海)有限公司 Quality-feeling color sand asbestos-free fiber cement composite decorative material and preparation method thereof

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CN203499033U (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-03-26 河北金舵建材科技开发有限公司 Anchoring piece
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CN109514717A (en) * 2018-11-24 2019-03-26 天津中擎建筑工程有限公司 A kind of heat insulation integrated exterior wall panel forming method of structural ornament
CN111320434A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-06-23 筑芝建筑科技(上海)有限公司 Quality-feeling color sand asbestos-free fiber cement composite decorative material and preparation method thereof
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