CN101818405B - Zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric - Google Patents

Zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101818405B
CN101818405B CN201010142206XA CN201010142206A CN101818405B CN 101818405 B CN101818405 B CN 101818405B CN 201010142206X A CN201010142206X A CN 201010142206XA CN 201010142206 A CN201010142206 A CN 201010142206A CN 101818405 B CN101818405 B CN 101818405B
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Prior art keywords
fiber
dyeing
bamboo
zein fiber
zein
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CN101818405A (en
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姜明
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Zibo Nachl Biological Technology Co., Ltd.
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ZIBO NAIQIER TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention discloses a zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric, which is woven by blending zein fibers and bamboo fibers and is characterized in that: the knitted fabric comprises the following two fibers in percentage by weight: 40 to 45 percent of zein fibers and 60 to 55 percent of bamboo fibers; and the production method for the knitted fabric comprises three main production technical steps, namely spinning, weaving, and dyeing and finishing. The invention provides the zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric which has natural elasticity and good shaping performance and is easily woven on the premise of maintaining all the natural ecological functions and excellent performance of the zein fibers and the bamboo fibers, and the production method thereof. The problem of zein fiber weaving demanding process is solved; the defects that the strength of the bamboo fibers after moisture absorption is obviously reduced, the bamboo fibers easily have plastic deformation, the elasticity of the bamboo fibers is reduced and broken ends of the bamboo fibers are increased because of low single-fiber breaking strength, are overcome; and because of the recycling of resources, ecological environment is protected.

Description

Zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric
Technical field
The present invention is a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric.Belong to the thread material used woven fabric as characteristic.
Background technology
Zein fiber is that cornstarch fermentation, polymerization make polylactic resin, through the acid fiber by polylactic of spinning technique production.Zein fiber is derived from native starch, and is biodegradable, the moisture absorbing and sweat releasing good permeability, and crease-resistant resilience is good, and tensile strength is high, has silky luster, and is soft, smooth, comfortable and easy to wear.Difficult combustion, with painted, also have antibacterial, deodorant function., ANTIPILLING good with its fabric panel natural elasticity that manufactures, easy dyeing, nonflammable have beautiful silky luster.
Bamboo fibre is the regenerated celulose fibre that raw material is processed through technologies such as catalyzing hydrolysis, spinning with the bamboo, and bamboo fibre intensity is big, and toughness and ABRASION RESISTANCE are stronger, moisture absorbing and sweat releasing, ventilative, bacteriostatic deodorizing,, be rich in gloss and soft, and dyeability is good.
But in the prior art, more than two kinds of fibers also have following weak point as fabric panel:
1. the zein fiber fusing point is lower, and to thermo-responsive, stressed being prone to is stretched, and weaving process requires harsh.
2. big molecule aggregation degree of bamboo fibre and degree of crystallinity are lower, and sliding property is strong between fiber, and fiber is prone to stretch and produce relative slippage under external force; Brute force obviously descends after showing moisture absorption; Be prone to produce plastic deformation, elasticity is powerful to descend, and the single fiber fracture strength is lower; Cause broken end to increase, bring big difficulty for spinning and weaving process.
3. keeping zein fiber, bamboo fibre bamboo separately under the prerequisite of all natural ecological functions and premium properties, also having natural elasticity, shape-retaining ability is good, being easy to woven zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric and production method thereof is that people expect.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to avoid above-mentioned weak point of the prior art; Keeping zein fiber, bamboo fibre bamboo all under the prerequisite of self natural ecological function and premium properties and provide a kind of; Also have natural elasticity, shape-retaining ability is good, is easy to woven zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric.
The object of the invention can reach through measure:
Zein fiber of the present invention and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric adopt zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended weaving, and it is characterized in that the weight percent of two kinds of fibre fractionations consists of:
Zein fiber (wt%) 40-45
Bamboo fibre (wt%) 60-55
Production method comprises spins-weaves-dyeing and finishing three big production craft step, wherein
A. spinning
---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder that comprises following operation: blowing
1. cotton cleaning process
Zein fiber, bamboo fibre be the blowing rolling respectively
A. zein fiber: blowing is adopted the mode of " how loose tip-tap ", strengthens cotton lap pressure, carries out and gives processing, the blowing process condition:
Cotton rolling weight g/m 380
Fixed length m 32.28
Hired roughneck r/min 470
Roller rotating speed r/min 10
Because of corn, two kinds of fibers of bamboo, poor performance alienation are bigger, utilize the separately technology of blowing rolling, can treat according to performance difference separately, the zein fiber blowing is adopted the mode of " how loose tip-tap ", strengthens cotton lap pressure, carries out and gives processing, and is very necessary.
B. bamboo fibre: do wet strong low characteristics according to fiber, adopt blow speed little, hired roughneck's range amplifies, and reduces cycle, and combing machine for fur is diligent, grab less and grab, and strengthens the shredding comb, and the comb volume is quantitatively light, to reach abundant shredding, alleviates the combing load, the blowing process condition:
Grab cotton speed r/min 670
Hired roughneck's speed r/min 410
Mm 14 spaces
Cotton rolling weight g/m 390
2. carding step
The a zein fiber
The carding process condition:
The cylinder cover plate mm 0.3-0.35 that spaces
The up-down rollers mm 0.2 that spaces
Above condition can improve the fibre migration ability, improves each passage smoothness, reduces and stops up disconnected bar.
B. bamboo fibre
Adopt low speed, space greatly, improve transfer velocity, reduce tension force, suitably increase speed ratio, improve transfer ability, reduce fibre damage, improve bar and do, reduce and stretch oneself and yawn, improve bar evenness, the carding process condition is following:
Weight of card sliver g/5m 18g/5
Cylinder speed r/min 290
Stripping roller speed r/min:760
Cover plate speed mm/min 1
3. mixing in doubling step
Adopt drafting mixed method control mixing ratio, roller gauge is suitably amplified, intensified pressure, in quantitatively, suitably improve and stretch oneself and yawn multiple, roller adopts antistatic to handle, and prevents that fiber from twining;
4. rove operation
Stretch oneself and yawn multiple about 1.28, strengthen twist factor, strengthen Spring cradle pressure, multiple about 1.29 is stretched oneself and yawn in the back zone;
5. spinning process
Strengthen reel cage pressure, improve the roller grasping force;
6. winding procedure
Waxing requires to be shaped, and does not have broken end, and nothing is caught;
B. weave
Select different circular knitting machine equipment according to different lining tissues, during equipment debugging, technology controlling and process is paid special attention to tension force, control even yarn tension property, and the intact degree of maintenance knitting needle guarantees that cloth cover is neat and well spaced, process conditions are following:
Temperature ℃ 26-28
Humidity % 65-70
C. dyeing and finishing
Adopt two bath methods, bamboo fibre, zein fiber dye respectively
Post processing that technological process comprises pre-treatment---dyeing---, wherein post processing comprises softness, and---------stentering forming---is dried---preshrunk---rolling---finished product to open-width in dehydration;
D. bamboo fibre dyeing
1.. pre-treatment
Kiering mainly is that washing is deoiled, and increases infiltration, prevents that dyeing is uneven, and technological parameter is following:
Bath raio 1: 15
Temperature ℃ 80-100
Time minute 20-30
Treatment fluid according to the mass fraction meter is made up of following component
Disperse chelating agent 0.5
Bleeding agent 1
Detergent 2
Refining agent 2
Time minutes 45
Hair is imitated cm/min 8
2. dyeing
A. the bamboo fibre dye process is following:
Contain REACTIVE DYES, glauber salt, NaSO 3Aqueous dye solutions, according to 1 ℃/minute heating rate, rise to 60 ℃ from room temperature; And be controlled at 60 ℃ of dyeing 15-20 minute, reduce to room temperature after, again according to 1 ℃/minute heating rate; Rise to 100 ℃ from room temperature, keep 100 ℃ of dyeing 30 minutes, again with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall; Reduce to room temperature, dyeing finishes;
B. zein fiber dyeing
Zein fiber vitrification point ℃ 58-62
Crystallization temperature ℃ 125-130
Be suitable for the low temperature DISPERSE DYES, the initial temperature of zein fiber dyeing is low, and dyeing speed is accelerated after 80 ℃, slowly heats up after 80 ℃, is controlled at 1-2 ℃/minute and is advisable; 95-100 ℃ is incubated 30 minutes, with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall, slowly reduces to room temperature subsequently.
3. post processing
A. soft: the hydrophilic softener is handled 10-15g/L;
B. stentering forming: crystallization temperature and the preferred setting temperature of technological experiment according to corn are 110 ℃, 30 seconds time, overfeeding 15%;
C. preshrunk
110 ℃ of temperature, speed 15r/min can make dimensionally stable, good hand touch.
The object of the invention can also reach through following measure:
Zein fiber of the present invention and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric adopt zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended weaving, and it is characterized in that the weight percent of two kinds of fibre fractionations consists of:
Zein fiber (wt%) 40
Bamboo fibre (wt%) 60
It is an optimized technical scheme.
Zein fiber of the present invention and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric, the zein fiber dye process in the said production method is following:
The dyestuff initial temperature is 40 ℃; Rise to 60 ℃ with 3 ℃/minute heating rates, rise to 90 ℃ with 1 ℃/minute heating rate again, insulation dyeing is after 5 minutes; Rise to 100 ℃ with 0.5 ℃/minute heating rate again; Insulation dyeing was reduced to below 50 ℃ with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall after 30 minutes, and dyeing finishes.
It is optimized technical scheme.
Technical scheme disclosed by the invention is compared prior art and is had outstanding substantive distinguishing features and obvious improvement, and can produce following actively technique effect:
1. provide a kind of and kept zein fiber, bamboo fibre bamboo all under the prerequisite of self natural ecological function and premium properties, also had natural elasticity, shape-retaining ability is good, is easy to woven zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric.
2. the production method of a kind of zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric is provided.
3. through suitable proportioning of screening and blending technology, zein fiber and two kinds of environmental and ecological fibers of bamboo fibre are had complementary advantages, organically combine; Solved the harsh problem of zein fiber weaving process; Brute force obviously descends after having remedied the bamboo fibre moisture absorption, is prone to produce plastic deformation, and the elasticity brute force descends; The single fiber fracture strength is lower, causes the defective that breaks end and increase.
4. keep zein fiber, bamboo fibre bamboo all under the prerequisite of self natural ecological function and premium properties, also having natural elasticity, shape-retaining ability is good.
5. resource regeneration, favourable ecological environmental protection.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a bamboo fibre dyeing flow curve sketch map;
Fig. 2 is a zein fiber dyeing flow curve sketch map.
The specific embodiment
The present invention below will combine embodiment to make further detailed description:
Embodiment 1
A kind of production method of zein fiber of the present invention and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric, it is levied the weight percent that is two kinds of fibre fractionations and consists of:
Zein fiber (wt%) 40
Bamboo fibre (wt%) 60
Production method comprises spins-weaves-dyeing and finishing three big production craft step, wherein
A. spinning
---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder that comprises following operation: blowing
1. cotton cleaning process
Zein fiber, bamboo fibre be the blowing rolling respectively
A. zein fiber: blowing is adopted the mode of " how loose tip-tap ", strengthens cotton lap pressure, carries out and gives processing, the blowing process condition:
Cotton rolling weight g/m 380
Fixed length m 32.28
Hired roughneck r/min 470
Roller rotating speed r/min 10
Because of corn, two kinds of fibers of bamboo, poor performance alienation are bigger, utilize the separately technology of blowing rolling, can treat according to performance difference separately, the zein fiber blowing is adopted the mode of " how loose tip-tap ", strengthens cotton lap pressure, carries out and gives processing, and is very necessary.
B. bamboo fibre: do wet strong low characteristics according to fiber, adopt blow speed little, hired roughneck's range amplifies, and reduces cycle, and combing machine for fur is diligent, grab less and grab, and strengthens the shredding comb, and the comb volume is quantitatively light, to reach abundant shredding, alleviates the combing load, the blowing process condition:
Grab cotton speed r/min 670
Hired roughneck's speed r/min 410
Mm 14 spaces
Cotton rolling weight g/m 390
2. carding step
The a zein fiber
The carding process condition:
The cylinder cover plate mm 0.3 that spaces
The up-down rollers mm 0.2 that spaces
Above condition can improve the fibre migration ability, improves each passage smoothness, reduces and stops up disconnected bar.
B. bamboo fibre
Adopt low speed, space greatly, improve transfer velocity, reduce tension force, suitably increase speed ratio, improve transfer ability, reduce fibre damage, improve bar and do, reduce and stretch oneself and yawn, improve bar evenness, the carding process condition is following:
Weight of card sliver g/5m 18g/5
Cylinder speed r/min 290
Stripping roller speed r/min:760
Cover plate speed mm/min 1
3. mixing in doubling step
Adopt drafting mixed method control mixing ratio, roller gauge is suitably amplified, intensified pressure, in quantitatively, suitably improve and stretch oneself and yawn multiple, roller adopts antistatic to handle, and prevents that fiber from twining;
4. rove operation
Stretch oneself and yawn multiple about 1.28, strengthen twist factor, strengthen Spring cradle pressure, multiple about 1.29 is stretched oneself and yawn in the back zone;
5. spinning process
Strengthen reel cage pressure, improve the roller grasping force;
6. winding procedure
Waxing requires to be shaped, and does not have broken end, and nothing is caught;
B. weave
Select different circular knitting machine equipment according to different lining tissues, during equipment debugging, technology controlling and process is paid special attention to tension force, control even yarn tension property, and the intact degree of maintenance knitting needle guarantees that cloth cover is neat and well spaced, process conditions are following:
Temperature ℃ 28
Humidity % 70
C. dyeing and finishing
Adopt two bath methods, bamboo fibre, zein fiber dye respectively
Post processing that technological process comprises pre-treatment---dyeing---, wherein post processing comprises softness, and---------stentering forming---is dried---preshrunk---rolling---finished product to open-width in dehydration;
D. bamboo fibre dyeing
1.. pre-treatment
Kiering mainly is that washing is deoiled, and increases infiltration, prevents that dyeing is uneven, and technological parameter is following:
Bath raio 1: 15
Temperature ℃ 100
Time minutes 30
Treatment fluid according to the mass fraction meter is made up of following component: (each component is the conventional product of textile industry, has no special requirements)
Disperse chelating agent 0.5
Bleeding agent 1
Detergent 2
Refining agent 2
Time minutes 45
Hair is imitated cm/min 8
2. dyeing
A. the bamboo fibre dye process is following:
Contain REACTIVE DYES (textile industry is used product always), glauber salt, NaSO 3Aqueous dye solutions, the dyestuff initial temperature is 40 ℃, rises to 60 ℃ with 3 ℃/minute heating rates; Rise to 90 ℃ with 1 ℃/minute heating rate again; After the insulation dyeing 5 minutes, rise to 100 ℃ with 0.5 ℃/minute heating rate again, insulation dyeing is after 30 minutes; Reduce to below 50 ℃ with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall, dyeing finishes.
B. zein fiber dyeing
Zein fiber vitrification point ℃ 58-62
Crystallization temperature ℃ 125-130
Be suitable for the low temperature DISPERSE DYES, the initial temperature of zein fiber dyeing is low, and dyeing speed is accelerated after 80 ℃, slowly heats up after 80 ℃, is controlled at 1-2 ℃/minute and is advisable; 95-100 ℃ is incubated 30 minutes, with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall, slowly reduces to room temperature subsequently.
3. post processing
A. soft: hydrophilic softener (conventional products), handle 10-15g/L;
B. stentering forming: crystallization temperature and the preferred setting temperature of technological experiment according to corn are 110 ℃, 30 seconds time, overfeeding 15%;
C. preshrunk
110 ℃ of temperature, speed 15r/min can make dimensionally stable, good hand touch.
Through detecting the lining technical indicator be:
1, characteristic index: PLA (zein fiber)/bamboo fibre 32 * C32128 * 70
2, COLOR FASTNESS: dry grinding 4-5 level
4 grades of wet-millings
3, washing shrinkage (%): 3.2 (directly)/0.4 (latitude)
4, brute force: tear (N): 19 (directly)/18 (latitude)
Fracture (N): 870 (directly)/390 (latitude)
Embodiment 2-6
According to method and the step of embodiment 1, produce zein fiber of the present invention and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric according to the fiber prescription of the percetage by weight of table 1
Table 1
Raw material and technical indicator Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3 Embodiment 4 Embodiment 5 Embodiment 6
Zein fiber 45 44 43 42 41
Bamboo fibre 55 56 57 58 59
The technical target of the product that the warp detection obtains is basically with embodiment 1.

Claims (3)

1. zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric adopt zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended weaving, and it is characterized in that the weight percent of two kinds of fibre fractionations consists of:
Zein fiber 40-45
Bamboo fibre 60-55
Production method comprises spins-weaves-dyeing and finishing three big production craft step, wherein:
A. spinning
---comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning---drafting---rove---spun yarn---winder that comprises following operation: blowing
1. cotton cleaning process
Zein fiber, bamboo fibre be the blowing rolling respectively
A. zein fiber: blowing is adopted the mode of " how loose tip-tap ", strengthens cotton lap pressure, carries out preliminary treatment, the blowing process condition:
B. bamboo fibre: do wet strong low characteristics according to fiber, adopt blow speed little, hired roughneck's range amplifies, and reduces cycle, and the combing machine for fur duty is grabbed less and grabbed, and strengthens the shredding comb, and the comb volume is quantitatively light, to reach abundant shredding, alleviates the combing load, the blowing process condition:
2. carding step
The a zein fiber
The carding process condition:
The cylinder cover plate mm 0.3-0.35 that spaces
The up-down rollers mm 0.2 that spaces
B. bamboo fibre
Adopt low speed, space greatly, improve transfer velocity, reduce tension force, suitably increase speed ratio, improve transfer ability, reduce fibre damage, improve bar and do, reduce drawing-off, improve bar evenness, the carding process condition is following:
3. mixing in doubling step
Adopt drafting mixed method control mixing ratio, roller gauge is suitably amplified, intensified pressure, in quantitatively, suitably improve drafting multiple, roller adopts antistatic to handle, and prevents that fiber from twining;
4. rove operation
About drafting multiple 1.28, strengthen twist factor, strengthen Spring cradle pressure, back zone drafting multiple about 1.29;
5. spinning process
Strengthen reel cage pressure, improve the roller grasping force;
6. winding procedure
Waxing requires to be shaped, and does not have broken end, and nothing is caught;
B. weave
Select different circular knitting machine equipment according to different lining tissues, during equipment debugging, technology controlling and process is paid special attention to tension force, control even yarn tension property, and the intact degree of maintenance knitting needle guarantees that cloth cover is neat and well spaced, process conditions are following:
Temperature ℃ 26-28
Humidity %65-70
C. dyeing and finishing
Adopt two bath methods, bamboo fibre, zein fiber dye respectively
Post processing that technological process comprises pre-treatment---dyeing---, wherein post processing comprises softness, and---------stentering forming---is dried---preshrunk---rolling---finished product to open-width in dehydration;
D. bamboo fibre dyeing
1.. pre-treatment
Kiering mainly is that washing is deoiled, and increases infiltration, prevents that dyeing is uneven, and technological parameter is following:
Bath raio 1: 15
Temperature ℃ 80-100
Time minute 20-30
Treatment fluid according to the mass fraction meter is made up of following component
2. dyeing
A. the bamboo fibre dye process is following:
Contain REACTIVE DYES, glauber salt, NaSO 3Aqueous dye solutions, according to 1 ℃/minute heating rate, rise to 60 ℃ from room temperature; And be controlled at 60 ℃ of dyeing 15-20 minute, reduce to room temperature after, again according to 1 ℃/minute heating rate; Rise to 100 ℃ from room temperature, keep 100 ℃ of dyeing 30 minutes, again with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall; Reduce to room temperature, dyeing finishes;
B. zein fiber dyeing
Zein fiber vitrification point ℃ 58-62
Crystallization temperature ℃ 125-130
Be suitable for the low temperature DISPERSE DYES, the initial temperature of zein fiber dyeing is low, and dyeing speed is accelerated after 80 ℃, slowly heats up after 80 ℃, is controlled at 1-2 ℃/minute and is advisable; 95-100 ℃ is incubated 30 minutes, with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall, slowly reduces to room temperature subsequently;
3. post processing
A. soft: the hydrophilic softener is handled 10-15g/L;
B. stentering forming: setting temperature is 110 ℃, 30 seconds time, overfeeding 15%;
C. preshrunk
110 ℃ of preshrunk temperature, speed 15r/min.
2. according to the zein fiber and the bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric of claim 1, adopt zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended weaving, it is characterized in that the weight percent of two kinds of fibre fractionations consists of:
Zein fiber (wt%) 40
Bamboo fibre (wt%) 60.
3. according to the zein fiber and the bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric of claim 1, it is characterized in that the zein fiber dye process in the said production method is following:
The dyestuff initial temperature is 40 ℃; Rise to 60 ℃ with 3 ℃/minute heating rates, rise to 90 ℃ with 1 ℃/minute heating rate again, insulation dyeing is after 5 minutes; Rise to 100 ℃ with 0.5 ℃/minute heating rate again; Insulation dyeing was reduced to below 50 ℃ with 2 ℃/minute rate of temperature fall after 30 minutes, and dyeing finishes.
CN201010142206XA 2010-04-09 2010-04-09 Zein fiber and bamboo fiber blended knitted fabric Active CN101818405B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101818405B true CN101818405B (en) 2012-07-11

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102733040B (en) * 2011-04-14 2013-12-18 淄博奈琦尔生物科技有限公司 Polylactic acid fiber blended fabric and production method
CN102418191A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-04-18 常熟市众望经纬编织造有限公司 Antibacterial, deodorant and environment-friendly fabric
CN103290707B (en) * 2013-05-21 2015-03-25 如皋市协和印染有限公司 Dyeing and finishing process of corn fiber fabric
CN103556378A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-02-05 海安县东升针织厂 Knitted fabric containing bamboo fiber, rayon and corn fiber
CN111349999A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-06-30 山东宏儒纺织科技有限公司 Corn fiber and bamboo fiber blended yarn and spinning process
CN111778611A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-16 深圳市富安娜家居用品股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of blended fabric

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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CN101191271A (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-06-04 天津天纺投资控股有限公司 Corn fibre and polynosic fibre blended fabric and manufacturing technique thereof
CN101275328A (en) * 2008-04-30 2008-10-01 山东齐赛纺织有限责任公司 Green multifilament blended fabric

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CN101191271A (en) * 2006-11-29 2008-06-04 天津天纺投资控股有限公司 Corn fibre and polynosic fibre blended fabric and manufacturing technique thereof
CN101275328A (en) * 2008-04-30 2008-10-01 山东齐赛纺织有限责任公司 Green multifilament blended fabric

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Address after: 255000, B, block 135, No. 625, Zibo hi tech Zone, Shandong, China

Patentee after: Zibo Nachl Biological Technology Co., Ltd.

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