CN101701732A - Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system - Google Patents

Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101701732A
CN101701732A CN200910310400A CN200910310400A CN101701732A CN 101701732 A CN101701732 A CN 101701732A CN 200910310400 A CN200910310400 A CN 200910310400A CN 200910310400 A CN200910310400 A CN 200910310400A CN 101701732 A CN101701732 A CN 101701732A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
solar energy
heat storage
house
pebble
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN200910310400A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101701732B (en
Inventor
张广宇
曾雁
王贺
何建清
韩高峰
鞠晓磊
仲继寿
张磊
曹颖
王岩
王京生
梁万军
鲁永飞
赵希
张岳
何为
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CHINA ARCHITECTURE DESIGN INSTITUTE CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd filed Critical China Architecture Design and Research Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009103104001A priority Critical patent/CN101701732B/en
Publication of CN101701732A publication Critical patent/CN101701732A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101701732B publication Critical patent/CN101701732B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar energy pebble heat storage heating system, wherein a pebble heat storage layer is arranged below the indoor floor of a house, grid plates are arranged below the pebble heat storage layer, a suspended air channel is arranged between the grid plates and the ground, one side of the suspended air channel is communicated with an air inlet arranged at root of a wall of the house, the other side of the suspended air channel is communicated with an air outlet arranged at root of another wall of the house, a louver valve is arranged at the air inlet, an exhaust fan is arranged at the air outlet; a solar energy air collector, an air-in ventilation shaft and an air-out ventilation shaft are arranged above the roof of the house, the air outlet of the solar energy air collector is communicated with the air-in ventilation shaft and the suspended air channel, the air inlet of the solar energy air collector is communicated with the air-out ventilation shaft, and the lower end of the air-out ventilation shaft extends to the indoor of the house. The system solves the defect of the heating by using the solar energy air collector, namely the collector can not be used at night so that the solar energy air collector can not only use the solar energy in the day, but also use the solar energy at night for indoor heating, the consumption of conventional energy is reduced, and the discharge of carbon dioxide is also reduced.

Description

Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar heat-preservation heating system that is applied in the residential houses.
Background technology
In recent years, society is to the ecological environment pay attention to day by day, and country is to the building energy conservation various policies that also release one after another, and issued " regenerative resource method ", and various heliotechnics are used more and more under construction, but have occurred many problems simultaneously.The solar energy air heat collector technology begins in the rural area extensive use at present, yet there is a serious problem in air collector, and that is exactly that this technology can only be used by day, can't use at night.For residential housing, the time period that needs most heating is at night.This contradiction has seriously limited the application of air collector.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of solar energy pebble heat storage heating system, solve the solar energy air heat collector technology can only use by day, the problem that can't use evening.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of solar energy pebble heat storage heating system, comprise the pebble heat storage layer, it is characterized in that: described pebble heat storage layer is positioned at below the indoor floor in house, the grid orifice plate is arranged below the pebble heat storage layer, be equipped with built on stilts air channel between grid orifice plate and the ground, a side in described built on stilts air channel is communicated with the air inlet of being located at the house wall root, and the air outlet of another body of wall root of opposite side and house in built on stilts air channel is communicated with, there is the blinds valve at described air inlet place, and there is air exhauster at the air outlet place.
Be equipped with solar energy air heat collector, blowing shaft and upcast shaft above the roof in house, the gas outlet of solar energy air heat collector is communicated with built on stilts air channel by blowing shaft, the air inlet of solar energy air heat collector is communicated with upcast shaft, and it is indoor that the lower end of upcast shaft extends to the house.
Optimized technical scheme:
Described grid orifice plate can be concrete grid orifice plate or steel grating grate.
Described built on stilts air channel is by placing ground parapet to be divided into snakelike or S shape.
Described parapet is brick parapet or concrete dwarf wall.
The place, gas outlet or the downcast place of described solar energy air heat collector are provided with pressure fan.
Compared with prior art the present invention has following characteristics and beneficial effect:
1, the invention solves the out of use at night shortcoming of solar energy air heat collector heating,, also can utilize solar energy to be indoor heating at night except utilizing daytime the solar energy.
2, utilize solar heating, improved indoor comfort level.
3, owing to utilized heliotechnics, reduced the consumption of conventional energy resource, reduced emission amount of carbon dioxide, the protection environment.
4, solar energy resources is abundant and free, has saved the investment of conventional energy resource heating, has improved economic benefit.
Description of drawings
The present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is that the present invention is installed in the schematic diagram on the house.
Fig. 2 is a pebble heat storage system schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is that pebble heat storage layer of the present invention is arranged schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is a built on stilts air channel of the present invention sectional schematic diagram.
Reference numeral: 1-solar energy air heat collector, 2-blowing shaft, 3-upcast shaft, the built on stilts air channel of 4-, 5-grid orifice plate, 6-pebble heat storage layer, 7-indoor floor, 8-air inlet, 9-air outlet, 10-ground, 11-parapet, 12-blinds valve, 13-air exhauster, 14-pressure fan, 15-buttress.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment is referring to shown in Fig. 1-4, this solar energy pebble heat storage heating system, comprise pebble heat storage layer 6, pebble heat storage layer 6 is positioned at below the indoor floor 7 in house, grid orifice plate 5 is arranged below the pebble heat storage layer 6, be equipped with built on stilts air channel 4 between grid orifice plate 5 and the ground 10, one side in described built on stilts air channel 4 is communicated with the air inlet 8 of being located at the house wall root, the air outlet 9 of another body of wall root of opposite side and house in built on stilts air channel is communicated with, there is blinds valve 12 at described air inlet 8 places, and there is air exhauster 13 at air outlet 9 places; Be equipped with solar energy air heat collector 1, blowing shaft 2 and upcast shaft 3 above the roof in house, the gas outlet of solar energy air heat collector 1 is communicated with built on stilts air channel 4 by blowing shaft 2, the air inlet of solar energy air heat collector 1 is communicated with upcast shaft 3, and it is indoor that the lower end of upcast shaft 3 extends to the house.The place, gas outlet or downcast 2 places of solar energy air heat collector 1 are provided with pressure fan 14.
Described grid orifice plate 5 is concrete grid orifice plate or steel grating grate.Described built on stilts air channel 4 is by placing the parapet 11 on the ground 10 to be divided into snakelike or S shape, and described parapet 11 is brick parapet or concrete dwarf wall.Described grid orifice plate is placed on the buttress 15.
In the present embodiment, in civil engineering, lay the built on stilts air channel of S shape broken line or snakelike broken line on ground, on built on stilts air channel, lay concrete grid orifice plate or steel grating double-edged fine-toothed comb, on concrete grid orifice plate or steel grating double-edged fine-toothed comb, lay the pebble heat storage layer, be used for accumulation of heat and heat release.Lay prefabricated board at pebble heat storage layer top, as indoor floor.Two ends in built on stilts air channel are provided with two air ports respectively, an installation air exhauster, and as air outlet 9, another installs the blinds valve, as air inlet 8, forms cobble heat release system.
On air inlet 8 next doors vertical blowing shaft 2 is set, the blowing shaft bottom links to each other with built on stilts air channel 4, and the blowing shaft top is stretched out roofing 600mm and left the hole in the side.The position far away at roofing and air outlet 9 corresponding positions sets out ventilating shaft 3, and the upcast shaft bottom is communicated with indoor top board, and the upcast shaft top is stretched out roofing 600mm and left the hole in the side.At roofing solar energy air heat collector 1 is installed, is linked to each other with the reservation hole of pressure fan with downcast 2, upcast shaft 3 with pipeline, so far solar energy air heat collector 1, blowing shaft 2, built on stilts air channel 4, upcast shaft 3 have formed the pebble heat storage system.
The course of work of the present invention:
Open pressure fan daytime, close the closed blinds of air inlet, the pebble heat storage system brings into operation, with storage of solar energy in pebble heat storage layer 6.Close pressure fan night, open the air exhauster of air outlet and the blinds valve of air inlet, cobble heat release system brings into operation, and the heat that is stored in the pebble heat storage layer 6 is delivered to the indoor heating of carrying out.
After placing the solar energy air heat collector 1 of building the roof to be heated by day hot-air is delivered to built on stilts air channel 4 through the pressure fan of 2 li of blowing shafts, heat is stored in the pebble heat storage layer 6 above the built on stilts air channel, air after the release heat is in air outlet 9 inlet chambers, get back in the solar energy air heat collector 1 through upcast shaft 3 again, finish heat-accumulating process one time, circulation and so forth can be with a large amount of storage of solar energy in the pebble heat storage layer.This process is collected solar energy with solar energy air heat collector, as heat storage, is heat transport pathway with blowing shaft, upcast shaft and built on stilts air channel with the cobble in the pebble heat storage layer.
When night, outdoor temperature descended, close pressure fan 14, the operation of pebble heat storage system stops; Open the air exhauster at air outlet 9 places, cobble heat release system brings into operation, hot-air through the driving of air exhauster from built on stilts air channel 4 in air outlet 9 inlet chambers, indoor cold air enters built on stilts air channel through air inlet 8 simultaneously, after pebble heat storage layer 6 heating again in the air exhauster inlet chamber, circulation is and so forth carried out heating with the transfer of heat that stores in the pebble heat storage layer to indoor.This process as radiator body, is a heat transport pathway with air outlet, built on stilts air channel, air inlet with the cobble of pebble heat storage layer.

Claims (5)

1. solar energy pebble heat storage heating system, comprise the pebble heat storage layer, it is characterized in that: described pebble heat storage layer (6) is positioned at below the indoor floor (7) in house, grid orifice plate (5) is arranged below the pebble heat storage layer (6), be equipped with built on stilts air channel (4) between grid orifice plate (5) and ground (10), one side in described built on stilts air channel (4) is communicated with the air inlet of being located at the house wall root (8), the air outlet (9) of another body of wall root of opposite side and house in built on stilts air channel is communicated with, described air inlet (8) has been located blinds valve (12), and air outlet (9) has been located air exhauster (13);
Be equipped with solar energy air heat collector (1), blowing shaft (2) and upcast shaft (3) above the roof in house, the gas outlet of solar energy air heat collector (1) is communicated with built on stilts air channel (4) by blowing shaft (2), the air inlet of solar energy air heat collector (1) is communicated with upcast shaft (3), and it is indoor that the lower end of upcast shaft (3) extends to the house.
2. solar energy pebble heat storage heating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described grid orifice plate (5) is concrete grid orifice plate or steel grating grate.
3. solar energy pebble heat storage heating system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described built on stilts air channel (4) is by placing the parapet (11) on the ground (10) to be divided into snakelike or S shape.
4. solar energy pebble heat storage heating system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described parapet (11) is brick parapet or concrete dwarf wall.
5. solar energy pebble heat storage heating system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the place, gas outlet or the downcast (2) of described solar energy air heat collector (1) locate to be provided with pressure fan (14).
CN2009103104001A 2009-11-25 2009-11-25 Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system Expired - Fee Related CN101701732B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009103104001A CN101701732B (en) 2009-11-25 2009-11-25 Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009103104001A CN101701732B (en) 2009-11-25 2009-11-25 Solar energy pebble heat storage heating system

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CN101701732A true CN101701732A (en) 2010-05-05
CN101701732B CN101701732B (en) 2012-02-15

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922754A (en) * 2010-08-25 2010-12-22 锦州森博特新能源技术有限公司 Solar cross-season heat-storage heating system
CN102338415A (en) * 2011-11-02 2012-02-01 大连理工大学 Self-controlled hot-air solar floor heat storage system
CN102620340A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 大连理工大学 Floor elevated burning cave radiant heating system
CN102865615A (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-01-09 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar heating system using concrete for heat storage
CN103216005A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-07-24 宁夏银晨太阳能科技有限公司 Green constant temperature building

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4098262A (en) * 1975-09-26 1978-07-04 Walter Todd Peters Heating apparatus using solar energy
US4207868A (en) * 1978-02-27 1980-06-17 Peterson Roger A Solar energy system
CN101270920A (en) * 2007-07-16 2008-09-24 刘子章 Heat accumulation device using solar energy

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101922754A (en) * 2010-08-25 2010-12-22 锦州森博特新能源技术有限公司 Solar cross-season heat-storage heating system
CN102338415A (en) * 2011-11-02 2012-02-01 大连理工大学 Self-controlled hot-air solar floor heat storage system
CN102620340A (en) * 2012-03-31 2012-08-01 大连理工大学 Floor elevated burning cave radiant heating system
CN102865615A (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-01-09 中国科学院电工研究所 Solar heating system using concrete for heat storage
CN103216005A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-07-24 宁夏银晨太阳能科技有限公司 Green constant temperature building

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Owner name: CHINA ARCHITECTURE DESIGN INSTITUTE CO., LTD.

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Address after: 100044 Beijing City, the number of cars on the main street, Xicheng District

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee