CN101671894B - Production method of natural colored cotton, white cotton, richcel and wool blended yarn - Google Patents

Production method of natural colored cotton, white cotton, richcel and wool blended yarn Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101671894B
CN101671894B CN2009103064292A CN200910306429A CN101671894B CN 101671894 B CN101671894 B CN 101671894B CN 2009103064292 A CN2009103064292 A CN 2009103064292A CN 200910306429 A CN200910306429 A CN 200910306429A CN 101671894 B CN101671894 B CN 101671894B
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China
Prior art keywords
cotton
wool
white
richcel
fiber
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009103064292A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101671894A (en
Inventor
刘红中
郑功振
尹淅彤
杨涵
吴铮
张丰垚
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HENAN XUEYANG BLANK SHIRT CO., LTD.
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DENGZHOU XUEYANG GROUP Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a production method of natural colored cotton, richcel, wool and white cotton blended yarn, which is characterized in that firstly colored cotton, richcel, wool and white cotton fibers are respectively processed through blowing, cotton carding, pre-drawing, sliver lapping and fine combing, then drawing (roving) mixing, roving, slubbing and spooling are carried out to obtain finished yarn. The method mixes the natural colored cotton with the richcel, the wool and the white cotton fiber, the process of 'light ration, low speed and close distance' is carried out during release striking, the produced products not only have the natural and soft color of the white colored cotton as well as the soft and smooth performance of the wool, but also have the flexibility of the richcel fibers, and the method is especially suitable for producing top-grade knitting underwear, and has good economic and social benefits.

Description

The production method of natural color cotton, white cotton, Li Sai and wool blended yarn
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production method of blended yarn, especially relate to the production method of a kind of natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton blending yarn.
Background technology
Colored cotton is natural fabric sheerly, need not printing and dyeing processing, is real environmental protection fiber.Li Sai (Richcel) is a kind of novel cellulose fibre, and its raw material sources are in the refining special-purpose wood pulp of the natural coniferous tree of import, and resource is renewable, but its discarded object natural degradation, safety and environmental protection; It is more to retain still air in the fiber, has warmth retention property preferably; Have good compatibility with human body skin, very soft, many comfort indexs all approach cashmere, are referred to as " plant cashmere " by industry.The richcel fiber hygroscopicity is better, has good moisture transported permeable by its fabric that is made into, and fiber is to the human body skin nonirritant, and softness is sliding glutinous, thereby is that the ideal of producing the T-shirt lining is selected.Wool is the important source material of textile industry, and it has many good characteristics, good as good springiness, good hygroscopicity, warmth retention property, be difficult for staiing, gloss is soft, these performances make wool fabric have various individual styles.
Summary of the invention
Therefore human soft naturally color and luster, wool to not only chromatic colour cotton soft smooth, but also have the blended yarn of the flexibility of richcel fiber still to have demand, up to now, also do not find the report of any relevant blended yarn of the present invention, the inventor is through research repeatedly, finally found not only chromatic colour cotton soft naturally color and luster, wool soft smooth, but also the blended yarn of the flexibility of richcel fiber is arranged, finished the present invention.
The production method that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton blending yarn.
For realizing that technical scheme provided by the present invention is:
The production method of a kind of natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton blending yarn, it is characterized in that at first coloured silk cotton, Li Sai, wool, white cotton fiber being carried out respectively blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, pre-drawing, silver lap, combing processing, carry out drafting (three roads) mixing, rove, spun yarn, winder again to the finished product yarn.
The present invention adopts natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton fiber to carry out hybrid process, when carrying out shredding and hit, be process route with " light quantitatively, low velocity, tightly space ", the product of producing is the soft naturally color and luster of chromatic colour cotton both, wool soft smooth, the flexibility that richcel fiber is arranged again, be suitable for especially making high-grade knitted underwear, better economic and social benefit are arranged.
The specific embodiment
At first coloured silk cotton, Li Sai, wool, white cotton fiber are carried out blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, drafting, silver lap, combing processing in the actual production respectively.When carrying out shredding and hit with light quantitatively, low velocity, tightly to space be process route.Carry out drafting (three roads), rove, spun yarn, winder again to the finished product yarn.
Production method of the present invention is following steps:
, technological process
The difference of fibre property and the effect of yarn quality with three kinds of fibers system bars separately respectively, are carried out and are closed drawing-off at mixing in doubling step then.
(1), palm fibre is cotton: A002D type griping cotton machine → A006B type cotton blender machine → FA106A type porcupine opener → A076 type lapper → A186F type carding machine → FA311 drawing frame → A201D type combing machine
(2), Li Sai: A002D type griping cotton machine → A006B type cotton blender machine → FA106 type porcupine opener → A076 type lapper → FA224 type carding machine
(3), the white sliver of wool+combing: A002D type griping cotton machine → A006B type cotton blender machine → A076 type lapper → FA224 type carding machine
(1)+(2)+(3) → FA311 type drawing frame * 3 → FA506 type fine spining machine → No-II type bobbin winder
2, each procedure technology configuration and technical measures
2.1 opening picking
Richcel fiber length is long, regularity good, density greatly, does not contain assortedly, is similar to viscose, so how the scutching cotton operation should lack to fall pine, dwindle dirt rod spacer, increase hired roughneck and dirt rod spacer, reduce hired roughneck's speed, avoid excessively hitting the damage fiber, cause short flannel to increase and form cotton knot.A002D type griping cotton machine blade stretches out board 2mm, and traverse 3mm intermittently descends.
The richcel fiber moisture regain is big, easily sticking volume in the rolling process, and life is rough does, and just the volume rate is low, and lap is heavy irregular poor, adopts antiseized coarse sand in the scutching cotton operation; Cotton rolling quantity is light partially to be grasped, and quantitative design is 380g/m, and length is short partially to be grasped, and Design of length is 36m.In addition, control the humiture of this operation well.
The cotton fineness of palm fibre is thin, short flannel is many, it is assorted few to contain, and adopts a cover opener, to reduce striking point, reduces hired roughneck's speed simultaneously, dwindles dirt rod spacer, makes fully shredding of fiber, and don't the loss fiber.
Wool is the important source material of textile industry.Because of the little bad independent rolling of wool ratio, thus putting the regular hour in advance with first adduction crude oil water before the combing sliver mixes, then with the combing sliver of breaking hierarchal arrangement in proportion in disk, shredding, mixing, rolling.Opening and cleaning step to take into account two kinds of fibers contain assorted less, characteristics that short flannel is low, reduce striking point, reduce hired roughneck's speed, avoid the damage of fiber.
2.2 comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning
Richcel fiber length regularity is good, it is assorted not contain, and should comb fewly to fall more.In order to reduce cotton knot, strengthen to divide comb, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning take light quantitatively, jogging speed, the technology of tightly spacing.Weight of card sliver is designed to 16g/5m, and the cylinder rotating speed is 360r/min, and the licker-in rotating speed is 780r/min, and doffer's rotating speed is 20r/min, and cover plate speed is 81mm/min, and 5 space and are respectively 0.25mm, 0.23mm, 0.2mm, 0.2mm, 0.23mm between cylinder-cover plate.Lack because of richcel fiber curls, cohesive force is poor between fiber, and web easily is caught, and should suitably dispose web tension force, and reduces spacing to improve the sliver quality between doffer and stripping roller.
The color cotton fiber fineness is thin, powerful low, and for avoiding damaging fiber, each parts speed of comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning is spun medium staple cotton and grasped partially slowly, adopts light quantitative, low velocity, the Process configuration of spacing tightly, so that fiber obtains abundant combing and good transfer.Weight of card sliver is designed to 18.5g/5m, cylinder speed is 360r/min, and the licker-in rotating speed is 940r/min, and doffer's rotating speed is 23r/min, cover plate speed is 214mm/min, and 5 space and are respectively 0.2mm, 0.18mm, 0.15mm, 0.15mm, 0.18mm between cylinder-cover plate.
Wool, the white sliver of combing are more soft and smooth, and two kinds of fibre cohesions are poor.For making two kinds of fibers fully mix, increase the cohesive force of fiber, when closing mao wool is carried out refueling water and mend wetly, but wet bonding phenomenon can not be arranged, in order to avoid cause around cylinder, licker-in, influence divides comb.Weight of card sliver is designed to 18g/5m, and cylinder speed is 18r/min, and cover plate speed is 74mm/min, and 5 space and are respectively 0.3mm, 0.28mm, 0.25mm, 0.25mm, 0.28mm between cylinder-cover plate.
2.3 combing
Because of color cotton fiber short flannel height, the also general medium staple cotton of maturity is poor, easily forms cotton knot in preceding two procedures, so one combing of many mistakes.At combing process, drawing-off is spaced, noil spaces should suitably dwindle, and makes fiber can obtain combing preferably.Do for improving bar, linters rate should be not less than 18%.
2.4 drafting
For making several fibers fully mix, stretch, adopt three roads and close, all use FA311 type drawing frame, because of richcel fiber length is long, roller gauge should suitably be amplified, and is the control floating fiber, use semicircle pressure bar, back area draft is flat to improve the bar solid carbon dioxide before the reasonable disposition.Poor because of several fibre cohesions, the sliver passage is bright and clean, and the horn mouth size should not be too little.Circle of inclined tube is wanted wiped clean, reduces circle bar resistance, gushes the bar phenomenon to solve driving hour circle bar place.
2.5 rove
Because of several fiber properties differences are big, so roving twist factor is moderate.If excessive, the later process drawing-off is not opened and is easily gone out hardhead; Too small, produce easily that misdraft causes that details and filoplume increase, bar is done and worsened.Process of roving configuration: quantitative 4g/10m, 8.10 times of drafting multiples, roller gauge 28mm * 32mm, the twist 4.9 sth. made by twisting/10cm.
2.6 spun yarn
Rationally adapted rings, steel traveler to reduce filoplume, to reduce broken end, are selected for use to have certain degree of hardness and flexible 963 type non-treatment cots, make its controlling fiber motion effectively, adopt slip draft simultaneously, to improve yarn quality.The quantitative 1.395g/100m of spun yarn, 28.68 times of drafting multiples, roller gauge 20mm * 35mm, front roller speed 175r/min, the twist 78 sth. made by twisting/10cm, diameter of ring 42mm, nip gauge 2.5mm, steel traveler model FO5/0.
2.7 bobbin
Adopt NO.7-II type automatic winder, the groove drum rotating speed is 1400r/min, selects suitable tension piece for use, and the sliver passage is wanted bright and clean no burr, to reduce the generation of filoplume.The clear parameter of electricity will suit, and can not leak and cut and can not cut by mistake, and the yarn defect is thoroughly removed.
Are natural color cotton of the present invention, white cotton, Li Sai and wool blended yarn to be 20 by percentage by weight? 0% natural color cotton, 25? 5% white cotton, 20? 0% beautiful match and 5? 5% wool is made.
Below in conjunction with embodiment content of the present invention is described further:
Embodiment one:
Batching: natural color cotton 30%, beautiful match 25%, wool 10%, white cotton 35%
The preparation method:
1. natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton are carried out blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, pre-drawing, silver lap, combing processing respectively, when carrying out shredding and hit with light quantitatively, low velocity, tightly to space be process route.Below the scutching cotton hired roughneck 600r/min, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning cylinder speed 360r/min, licker-in speed 780r/min, the quantitative 1516g/5m of combing.
2. for making several fibers fully mix, stretch, adopt three roads and closing, because of richcel fiber length is long, roller gauge should suitably be amplified, and for the control floating fiber, uses semicircle pressure bar, and poor because of several fibre cohesions, the horn mouth size should not be too little.Roller gauge: in the lump 13 * 27, two and 13 * 27, three and 13 * 27.Roller speed: 600-800r/min in the lump, two and 800-1000r/min, three and 800-1000r/min.
3. because of several fiber properties differences are big,, adopt 4.8 sth. made by twisting/10cm so roving twist is moderate.The reasonable adapted rings of spinning process, steel traveler is to reduce filoplume, reduce broken end, to select for use and have certain degree of hardness and flexible 963 type non-treatment cots, make its controlling fiber motion effectively, adopt slip draft simultaneously, to improve yarn quality, front roller speed 178r/min, the twist 79 sth. made by twisting/10cm, diameter of ring 42mm, nip gauge 2.5mm, the groove drum rotating speed is 1300-1800r/min, the special number combing of resultant yarn 14.5Tex stocking yarn.
In sum, richcel fiber of the present invention, color cotton, wool and white silk/cotton blended yarn, both soft naturally color and lusters of chromatic colour cotton, wool soft smooth has the flexibility of richcel fiber again, is suitable for especially making high-grade knitted underwear, and market prospects are wide.

Claims (1)

1. the production method of a natural color cotton, white cotton, Li Sai and wool blended yarn, at first coloured silk cotton, Li Sai, wool, white cotton fiber are carried out blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, pre-drawing, silver lap, combing processing respectively, carry out drafting, three road mixing, rove, spun yarn, winder again to the finished product yarn; Carry out blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, pre-drawing, silver lap, combing respectively in natural color cotton and Li Sai, wool, white cotton and add man-hour, below the scutching cotton hired roughneck 600r/min, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning cylinder speed 360r/min, licker-in speed 780r/min, the quantitative 15-16g/5m of combing is characterized in that described natural color cotton, white cotton, Li Sai and wool blended yarn are is that 30% natural color cotton, 35% white cotton, 25% beautiful match and 10% wool are made by percentage by weight.
CN2009103064292A 2009-08-31 2009-08-31 Production method of natural colored cotton, white cotton, richcel and wool blended yarn Expired - Fee Related CN101671894B (en)

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CN2009103064292A CN101671894B (en) 2009-08-31 2009-08-31 Production method of natural colored cotton, white cotton, richcel and wool blended yarn

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101671894B true CN101671894B (en) 2011-06-22

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101979735A (en) * 2010-10-28 2011-02-23 黄冈三泰纺织有限公司 Bamboo fiber and combed cotton compact siro spinning technology
CN102358973A (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-02-22 上海飞龙纺织有限公司 Cotton fiber and wool fiber blended yarns and production method thereof
CN103498227B (en) * 2013-09-09 2016-02-10 上海婉静纺织科技有限公司 The fabric of cashmere fiber and richcel fiber blending
CN104372477A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-25 郑州采孚纺织有限公司 Colored fiber dual-component blended yarn manufacturing method
CN105755617B (en) * 2016-04-25 2018-01-09 江阴市茂达棉纺厂有限公司 A kind of production technology of AB bases yarn section coloured yarn
CN106120053A (en) * 2016-08-17 2016-11-16 青纺联(枣庄)纤维科技有限公司 A kind of Pilus Caprae seu Ovis, vinegar green grass or young crops fiber, combed cotton blended yarn and production technology thereof
CN107700217A (en) * 2017-09-29 2018-02-16 句容市后白镇迎瑞印花厂 A kind of antistatic compound wool fabric and its blending method

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: LIU HONGZHONG ZHENG GONGZHEN MA QIN ZHANG HONGXUE YANG HAN WU ZHENG TO: LIU HONGZHONG ZHENG GONGZHEN YIN XITONG YANG HAN WU ZHENG ZHANG FENGFENG

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Inventor after: Liu Hongzhong

Inventor after: Zheng Gongzhen

Inventor after: Yin Xitong

Inventor after: Yang Han

Inventor after: Wu Zheng

Inventor after: Zhang Fengyao

Inventor before: Liu Hongzhong

Inventor before: Zheng Gongzhen

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Inventor before: Zhang Hongxue

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Inventor before: Wu Zheng

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Address after: Dengzhou City, Henan province 474150 three road No. 102

Patentee after: HENAN XUEYANG BLANK SHIRT CO., LTD.

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