CN101603229A - Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric - Google Patents

Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101603229A
CN101603229A CNA2009100154808A CN200910015480A CN101603229A CN 101603229 A CN101603229 A CN 101603229A CN A2009100154808 A CNA2009100154808 A CN A2009100154808A CN 200910015480 A CN200910015480 A CN 200910015480A CN 101603229 A CN101603229 A CN 101603229A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cotton
type
thin dawn
yarn
diversification
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Pending
Application number
CNA2009100154808A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵树清
杨平
马丽芸
李安诚
闫世勇
韩光明
何晋悌
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SHANDONG QISAI TEXTILE CO Ltd
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SHANDONG QISAI TEXTILE CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CNA2009100154808A priority Critical patent/CN101603229A/en
Publication of CN101603229A publication Critical patent/CN101603229A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

A kind of ice diversification high-grade underlinen fabric of feeling well is characterized in that according to the percetage by weight meter, by thin dawn bamboo fibre 30%-35%, the thin dawn washs 28%-30% and long-staple cotton 35%-40% blending forms.Three kinds of fibrous raw materials all belong to environment-friendly products, by combining dexterously, the brute force of yarn are improved, and have had the incomparable characteristic of other linings---and moisture absorbing and sweat releasing good permeability, feel are merrily and lightheartedly smooth, dyeing is bright-coloured, comfortable and easy to wear.Satisfy the modern to pursuit green, ecological fabrics, fully represented the fashion and the glamour of 21 century garment material.

Description

Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric
Technical field
The invention belongs to the weaving face fabric field, particularly a kind of underlinen fabric.
Background technology
Along with the extensive use of new type functional fiber, the tencel lining has become the development trend of following weaving face fabric.Functional fiber is to utilize various high-tech means, the cellulose fibre that from natural plant, extracts, and the lining wearability is good, and natural environmental-protective has stronger functionally, and feel, outward appearance all are that other general fibres institutes are incomparable.Had an optimistic view of, and constantly be subjected to consumers in general's favor, wide development space is arranged by numerous domestic and international businessmans.
Current, traditional shirt garment material mainly is a desire to purchase of going to win the consumer with the durable and outward appearance of lining, its raw material is based on ordinary polyester and cotton fiber, because their kinds are comparatively single, product specification is low, the limitation of performance more and more can not satisfy people to the functionalization of garment material, diversified demand.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides the refreshing diversification high-grade underlinen fabric of a kind of ice, brings into play the good characteristic of multiple fiber, makes lining moisture absorbing and sweat releasing good permeability, feel is merrily and lightheartedly smooth, dyeing is bright-coloured, comfortable and easy to wear.
The present invention ices refreshing diversification high-grade underlinen fabric, it is characterized in that according to the percetage by weight meter, by thin dawn bamboo fibre 30%-35%, the thin dawn washs 28%-30% and long-staple cotton 35%-40% blending forms.
Wherein optimal technical scheme is: by thin dawn bamboo fibre 30%, thin dawn wash 30% and long-staple cotton 40% blending form.
Thin dawn bamboo fibre, fineness is 1.2dex, and the fineness of fine denier polyester is 0.8dex, and long-staple cotton is that fibre length is the cotton fiber of 37-38mm.
The bamboo fibre moisture absorption is ventilative, and dyeing back color is beautiful, have natural bacteriostatic and antibacterial functions, but the discarded object natural degradation is free from environmental pollution; The fine denier polyester short fiber adopts environmental and ecological explained hereafter, and intensity height, extension at break degree are big, and anti-wear performance is good, and modulus of elasticity is big, and is well-pressed crease-resistant, and shape-retaining ability is good; Long-staple cotton is powerful high, is fit to high-count yarn spun.Three kinds of fibrous raw materials all belong to environment-friendly products, by combining dexterously, the brute force of yarn are improved, and have had the incomparable characteristic of other linings---and moisture absorbing and sweat releasing good permeability, feel are merrily and lightheartedly smooth, dyeing is bright-coloured, comfortable and easy to wear.Satisfy the modern to pursuit green, ecological fabrics, fully represented the fashion and the glamour of 21 century garment material.
The present invention weaves according to the known technology mode.
Advantage of the present invention:
1, lining environmental protection, free from environmental pollution.
2, lining has unrivaled function and wearability, through finishing process in printing and dye-ing, has given full play to that the good moisture absorption of bamboo fibre is ventilative, feel is smooth, drapability good, color and luster is beautiful and the thin dawn is washed advantages such as conformality is good, well-pressed.The performance of diversification fiber is brought into play incisively and vividly, given the lining abundant intension, become the first-selection of various high-grade underlinens.
3, the performance of three kinds of fibers is not fully exerted and perfect, has increased spinnability, be spun into 80 high grade yarn, the key technical indexes: bar does that CV% is 15.29%, fracture strength 14.2cn/tex, and Product Green environmental protection, smooth softness, moisture absorption are ventilative.
The specific embodiment
Illustrate that below in conjunction with production technology concrete production technology is grasped by those of ordinary skills, the rough part of describing does not influence those of ordinary skills and implements according to the known technology mode.
One, product design: design surface gauge lattice
JC40/T30/ bamboo 30 7.3/2/7.3/2 524/283 162.5CM 2/1
From market popularity trend, high grade yarn product specification height is fit to make the tights lining.But because bamboo fibre (percetage by weight is 30%) self brute force is on the low side relatively, restricted the possibility of high-count yarn spun, for guaranteeing spinning and weaving smoothly, selected thin dawn bamboo fibre for use, fibre fineness reduces the back spinnability and is greatly improved.And add thin dawn of 30% and wash and 40% long-staple cotton, improve the brute force of yarn.Cloth cover is smooth because the twill fabric that is made into of twine has, lines characteristics clearly, all selects the 80S folded yarn for use through weft yarn, and the lining glossiness is good, and lovely luster has improved the quality and the class of lining greatly.Adopt conventional density and tissue, meet most of people's consumption habit, more can embody the nature of lining and generous.
Two, following for spinning and weaving process.
1. spinning scheme and spinning technological process:
Raw material: thin dawn bamboo fibre (1.2dex) 30%, thin dawn of 0.8dex wash 30% and long-staple cotton (cotton fiber of 37-38mm) 40%.
For guaranteeing the blending ratio of three kinds of fibers, adopt three kinds of fibers respectively after rolling, the slivering again drafting carry out by a certain percentage and close.
Cotton fiber (long-staple cotton): A002C type griping cotton machine-A035 type mixing and blowing machine-A036B type opener-A092A type double hopper opener-A076C type single beater scutcher-A186C type carding machine-A191 type lapper-A201 type combing machine.
Bamboo fibre: A002C type griping cotton machine-A035 type mixing and blowing machine-A036C type opener-A092A type double hopper opener-A076C type single beater scutcher-A186C type carding machine.
The thin dawn washs: A002C type griping cotton machine-A035 type mixing and blowing machine-A036C type opener-A092A type double hopper opener-A076C type single beater scutcher-A186C type carding machine-A272F drawing frame.
Mix spinning: A272F type (amalgamation)-A272F type (mixing two)-FA319 (mixes three and is with neat and well spaced-FA471 Speed frames-FA506 fine spining machine (drawing-off of pneumatic pressurization V-type)-SAVIO automatic winder one double twisting.
2. spinning main technologic parameters and technical measures
2.1 opening picking
At bamboo fibre, the good characteristics free from foreign meter of polyster fibre regularity, for improving degree of opening, reduce the damage of fiber and the generation of short flannel, hired roughneck's speed is unsuitable too high, in disk, add a certain amount of electrostatic agent during the polyster fibre rolling, to reduce back operation electrostatic phenomenon.Cotton fiber contains assorted height, short flannel is many, adopts and " grabs duty less and grab, beat the comb combination.Caducous few broken "; technological principle; the A002 griping cotton machine reduce hired roughneck's blade stretch out rib apart from 3-5mm; suitably reduce A035 opener cotton-pressing curtain and brad curtain and space; improve the speed ratio of brad curtain one cotton-pressing curtain, to strengthen shredding, 12 rev/mins of lapper speed; meter heavy irregularity bamboo, wash and be controlled at below 1.3%, cotton is controlled at below 1.0%.
2.2 carding step
Bamboo, washing fiber is principle to strengthen dividing comb still, adopt quantitatively light, low velocity, in space, the Process configuration of small tension receiving coil, reduce licker-in and doffer's speed in the production, the differential surface speed that increases the cylinder licker-in is to improve the transfer of fiber, cotton fiber is definition that improves web and the cotton knot that reduces in the carded sliver, adopt four soon surely with adopt novel import card clothing, suitably adjust and give spacing of panel and licker-in, reduce the rotating speed of licker-in, improve cylinder and also help reducing cotton knot with the transfer that the rotating ratio that stings rod helps fiber, cylinder and cover plate adopt and tightly space, to improve the combing degree.
Main technologic parameters:
Project Cylinder speed rev/min Licker-in speed rev/min Cylinder-cover plate spaces/mm / 5 meters of weight of card sliver grams
Bamboo 330 832 0.25、 0.23、0.2、 0.2、0.25 18.0
The thin dawn washs 360 910 0.2、0.18、 0.15、 0.15.0.18 15.32
Cotton 360 910 0.2、0.18、 0.15、 0.15.0.18 15.32
2.3 combing process
Be to eliminate the crotch in the carded sliver, the combing preparatory technology adopts 6 also to close, 1.72 times of big back zone drafting multiples, the total draft multiple does not surpass 7 times, combing cylinder speed be controlled at 150 pincers/minute, adopt the short cotton combing of giving, noil is controlled at about 14%./ 5 meters of quantitative 15 grams.
2.4 mixing in doubling step
Mixing in doubling step is a critical process of guaranteeing that resultant yarn mixes, adopt space greatly, light quantitatively, the technological principle of jogging speed.On drawing frame by and and effect make three kinds of mixed with fibers even, improve ripe weight unevenness and improve bar evenness, fine denier polyester once gives earlier and handles, to guarantee blending rate, carry out three roads again and close the advanced autoleveller equipment of extreme trace employing.
The drafting main technologic parameters:
Project Do quantitative/g 5m Number of doubling/root Back area draft/doubly Total draft/doubly Roller gauge/mm Front roller speed rev/min
Give and wash 12 6 1.72 7.5 14×17 1306
Amalgamation 14 The thin T=2 of B=2JC=2 1.62 8.5 10×15 1306
Mix two 13 6 1.43 6.5 10×15 1306
Mix three 12.5 8 1.33 8.3 10×15 1306
2.5 rove operation:
Suitably increase the twist factor of rove.In case rove takes off disconnected in the unwinding process and misdraft, rove main technologic parameters: 170 meters/minute of regular roving feeding 3.3/10 meters of grams, 7.55 times of total drafts, 1.24 times of back area drafts, twist factor 84, roller gauge 12 * 23.5 * 28, roller speed.
2.6 spinning process
Spinning process adopts the drawing-off of pneumatic pressurization V-type, spaces greatly in the back zone, the little drawing-off in back zone, heavily Jia Ya technology, select novel downside pin for use, sell on the carbon element, select soft import rubber roll for use, make the reach of fiber speed change point, effectively controlling fiber motion, yarn quality significantly improves.Main technologic parameters: drawing-off distributes 39.5 * 1.21,103 rev/mins of roller gauges 18 * 27, twist factor 394, roller speed.
The leading indicator of test yarn: bar is done 60/1000 meters of CV%=15.29%, details, 36/1000 meters, slubbing, 71/1000 meters, fault, fracture strength 14.2cn/tex, and the resultant yarn index is better, thereby has guaranteed the quality quality of lining.
3. weave main technique and parameter:
3.1 technological process: Savio Savio automatic winder → ZC-L-180 type Benniger warping machines → S432 type ancestral restrains Sizing machines → G177-180 type three automatic drawing-in machines → Japanese Toyota (JAT-500,600), field, Tianjin coltfoal (ZAX-190) air-jet loom → GA180-180 type cloth inspecting machine → GA841-180 type folding machine → baling press → warehouse-in.
3.2 winding procedure
Produce at Savio Savio automatic winder, consider terylene and bamboo fibre electrostatic problem, adopt metal drum, winder adopts small tension receiving coil, the technological principle of low velocity, the clear parameter 1.9 * 1.3 of electricity.Field requirement relative humidity is bigger than normal, adopts the air splicing joint, strengthens the joint quality monitoring of doubled yarn, 900 meters/minute of winder speed.
3.3 warping process
Adopt ZC-L-180 type Benniger warping machines, speed of beaming is controlled at 700 ± 50 meters/minute, can guarantee that beamed yarn line tension, coiling, arrangement three are even.
3.4 sizing operation
The sizing operation lies prostrate harmful filoplume subsides on the yarn to improve yarn strength, to strengthen ABRASION RESISTANCE, makes yam surface form complete, the tough and tensile whippy serous coat of one deck.Bamboo fibre is a cellulose fibre, and performance and viscose glue have similarity, so slurry is selected for use: main slurry is based on the high-quality converted starch, the polyacrylic slurry of favourable serous coat softness, and the slurry of selecting for use simultaneously is to the concrete good compatibility of cotton and polyster fibre.Selected slurry does not all contain PVA, helps destarch, meets environmental protection requirement.Size mixing technology is as follows:
Project Quantity (kilogram)
The GSA etherification starch 25
Oxidized starch 50
The K-2000 composite starch 25
The LMA-2001 acrylic size 6
The SLMO-96 finish 2
NaOH 0.2
Size mixing highly 89cm
Solid content 11.4%
The rate of sizing 14.5%
Sizing machines restrains S432 type dual-box slasher for the ancestral, different qualities according to three kinds of fibers in the yarn, consider that bamboo fibre meets the characteristic that wet elongation is big and inhale slurry easily, slashing technique adopts: the technological principle of " light tension force, little elongation, light pressurization, heavily lining, shallow submergence ".Paste the volt filoplume, the purpose of elongation of control sizing and moisture regain to reach.The sizing technique table is as follows:
Size mixing highly 89cm
Slurry bucket slurry temperature 94℃
Viscosity 14.5″
The rate of sizing 10%
Regain 5-7%
Raw yarn strength 295CN
The raw yarn strength irregularity 7.33%
Slashing strength 346CN
The slashing strength irregularity 6.08%
This formula of size and sizing technique production are more smooth.
3.5 weaving process:
Adopt the Japanese Toyota air-jet loom of import to weave, from last machine situation, weaving efficiency has reached 92%, following machine top-quality product rate 83.5%, first grade percentage put in storage 99.8%, weave quality is better, indicates the diversification underlinen fabric successfully production smoothly that we invent.
Lining is through the detection of quality of textile products supervision inspection center, ultimate strength: warp-wise 568.8N, broadwise 295.6N; Tearing brute force: warp-wise 34.4N, broadwise 21.1N; Cotton knot fault qualification rate 3%; Every leading indicator has reached the standard of " GB/T5325-1997 combing polyester cotton blending gray fabric " fully; Air penetrability (100Pa): 48mm/s, perspiration resistance 4-5 level, it is good to have demonstrated fully the lining sucting wet air permeability, theory comfortable and easy to wear.

Claims (3)

1, the refreshing diversification high-grade underlinen fabric of a kind of ice is characterized in that according to the percetage by weight meter, is formed by thin dawn bamboo fibre 30%-35%, fine denier polyester 28%-30% and long-staple cotton 35%-40% blending.
2, lining according to claim 1 is characterized in that being formed by thin dawn bamboo fibre 30%, fine denier polyester 30% and long-staple cotton 40% blending.
3, lining according to claim 1, the fineness that it is characterized in that described thin dawn bamboo fibre is 1.2dex, and the fineness of fine denier polyester is 0.8dex, and long-staple cotton is that fibre length is the cotton fiber of 37-38mm.
CNA2009100154808A 2009-05-28 2009-05-28 Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric Pending CN101603229A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100154808A CN101603229A (en) 2009-05-28 2009-05-28 Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2009100154808A CN101603229A (en) 2009-05-28 2009-05-28 Diversification high-grade underlinen fabric

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CN101603229A true CN101603229A (en) 2009-12-16

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102011226A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-04-13 江南大学 Semi-worsted flame retardant blended yarn and spinning technology thereof
CN102747481A (en) * 2012-07-17 2012-10-24 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Cotton fiber, bamboo fiber and polyester fiber blended yarn
US20130102983A1 (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-25 Karen Wynne Gilmartin Systems and methods for a fluid-absorbing member
CN103276484A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-09-04 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Blended yarn of cotton, bamboo fibers and Dacron
CN103349366A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-10-16 太仓市珠江线带厂 Anti-bacteria fabric
CN104631134A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-20 苏州陈恒织造有限公司 Method for preparing viscose fiber fabric by carbon dioxide desizing process
CN108625026A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-09 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of production technology of banana fiber/tencel/viscose blended yarn person's textile fabric

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102011226A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-04-13 江南大学 Semi-worsted flame retardant blended yarn and spinning technology thereof
US20130102983A1 (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-04-25 Karen Wynne Gilmartin Systems and methods for a fluid-absorbing member
CN102747481A (en) * 2012-07-17 2012-10-24 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Cotton fiber, bamboo fiber and polyester fiber blended yarn
CN103276484A (en) * 2013-05-21 2013-09-04 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Blended yarn of cotton, bamboo fibers and Dacron
CN103349366A (en) * 2013-08-06 2013-10-16 太仓市珠江线带厂 Anti-bacteria fabric
CN104631134A (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-05-20 苏州陈恒织造有限公司 Method for preparing viscose fiber fabric by carbon dioxide desizing process
CN108625026A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-10-09 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of production technology of banana fiber/tencel/viscose blended yarn person's textile fabric

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