CN101665340A - Weather resistance permeable material and application thereof - Google Patents

Weather resistance permeable material and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101665340A
CN101665340A CN200910166349A CN200910166349A CN101665340A CN 101665340 A CN101665340 A CN 101665340A CN 200910166349 A CN200910166349 A CN 200910166349A CN 200910166349 A CN200910166349 A CN 200910166349A CN 101665340 A CN101665340 A CN 101665340A
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weather resistance
permeable
resin
resistance permeable
epoxy
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CN101665340B (en
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秦升益
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Renchuang ecological environmental protection Polytron Technologies Inc
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Beijing Rechsand Science and Technology Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The invention relates to a weather resistance permeable material, comprising aggregate and binding agent, wherein, the aggregate is one of natural quartz sand, coal ash, smelting waste residue, artificial quartz sand or the arbitrary combination thereof; the grain diameter of the aggregate is 0.07 mm-1.6 mm; the binding agent is epoxy resin, polyurethane resin and acrylic acid resin with good weather resistance or the arbitrary combination thereof; the weather resistance is effectively improved by selecting the binding agent with good weather resistance and adding light stabilizer and antioxidant; and the water permeability of materials is effectively improved by selecting hydrophilic reactive resin with good water permeability and adding hydrophilic inorganic material in the aggregate. The application of the weather resistance permeable material is as follows: the above raw materials can be mixed to manufacture permeable prefabricated pieces used for road surfacing or rain water collecting and water filtering, and can also be directly paced on the road surface to form a permeable road surface, thus promoting full utilization of rain water resources and improving urban water circulation.

Description

A kind of Weather resistance permeable material and uses thereof
The application is dividing an application of female case application (application number: 2005101327365, denomination of invention is a kind of Weather resistance permeable material and uses thereof).
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of seepy material, particularly the permeable effective seepy material of using in fields such as building materials, rainwater collection, water filtration purifications of good weatherability.
Background technology
At present, global energy, water resources shortage, the frequent generation of the enlarged areas that desertifies simultaneously and dust storm makes the environment of human survival abominable day by day.The place of city resident's inhabitation is at present mainly surrounded by the ground in the city square of laying with fluid-tight material such as grouan, marble, ornamental brick, cement and pitch, commercial street, walkway, community activity ground, parking lot etc., and hardened ground is very big to the harm of urban environment.When raining, hardened ground has stoped rainwater directly to infiltrate through ground fully, and completely ponding makes people's trip become very inconvenient; Precious water resource flows away along with drainage pipeline at last, has increased the weight of the burden of municipal drainage facility; A large amount of losses of rainwater cause ground water table to be difficult to go up, and directly have influence on the health of urban vegetation, make that the ground flora in the city is difficult to normal growth, increase the weight of municipal administration greening burden; A large amount of losses of rainwater further increase the weight of arid, the water shortage problem in city, form " artificial desert " on the ecology.
And when not raining, hardened ground is very dry again, piles up dust easily, the situation that causes dust to fly upward everywhere; The exchange that ground and air carry out heat, moisture is relatively more difficult, the ability of urban surface temperature, humidity of regulating is also followed step-down, the radiant heat of the sun also can be reflected, keeps and be discharged in ground in a large number, greatly increased the tropical island effect in city, and the The Surroundings in Cities comfort level is significantly reduced.Enter the 21 century people environment of being lived is paid close attention to more, but day by day to worsen be undisputable fact to the human ecotope that is faced that the environmental-friendly construction material of development of new improves and to beautify environment for human survival imperative.
The dank material main raw material of the permeable brick of some of building materials field, porous pavement etc. adopts pottery or concrete in the market, adopt a large amount of ore deposit soil resource and cement, and the exploitation of raw material causes environment damage; The permeable brick complex manufacturing of ceramic mould, and the ceramic base brick need expend a large amount of energy when forming and sintering, the cost height, production efficiency is low, and environmental protection has high input, and the one-time investment scale is big; Concrete brick also uses a large amount of cement, also can consume a large amount of resources; The material that some permeable bricks are also arranged is that natural gravel and waste and old plastics are raw material, and its shortcoming is that the weathering resistance official post is short with the life-span;
Above-described permeable brick or porous pavement all are to improve permeability rate by increasing brick body space, and voidage is stopped up the space problem more than 20% owing to can not solve dust, therefore can not continue to keep the high water-permeability energy; And because the space is bigger, it is also relatively poor that it is used for the water filtration effect.
About dank material field and environment-friendly type to be developed, energy conservation type, good weatherability, product that permeability rate is high.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of seepy material in the prior art, a kind of environmental protection, save energy, good weatherability, seepy material that permeability rate is high are provided.
In order to realize purpose of the present invention, the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Weather resistance permeable material includes aggregate and binding agent; Described aggregate is one of natural siliceous sand, flyash, melting waste slag, synthetic quartz sand or its arbitrary combination, and its grain diameter is: 0.07 millimeter-1.6 millimeters; Described binding agent is one of Resins, epoxy, polyurethane resin, acrylic resin or its arbitrary combination, and the mass percent that used resin accounts for aggregate is: 1-20%; Wherein, also be added with aliphatic polyamine or alicyclic polyamine class solidifying agent in the Resins, epoxy, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for Resins, epoxy is: 5-60%; Wherein, also be added with the Polyurethane curing reaction catalyst in the urethane resin; And, being added with hydrophilic inorganic material in the described aggregate, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for aggregate is: 1~20%.
In order to increase the water-permeable of this seepy material, but be added with the wetting ability reacting resin in the described tackiness agent; Wherein but this wetting ability reacting resin accounts for resin: 1~60%; Described wetting ability Resins, epoxy is to introduce hydrophilic radical by chemical reaction in the Resins, epoxy molecule, and introduces epoxy group(ing) or hydroxyl, but makes it become the reacting resin with certain automatic emulsifying performance.
For the weathering resistance of tackiness agent is good, wherein be added with aliphatic polyamine or alicyclic polyamine class solidifying agent in the Resins, epoxy of good weatherability, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for Resins, epoxy is: 10~60%;
Described Resins, epoxy is a kind of or its arbitrary combination in alicyclic type Resins, epoxy, bisphenol-A epoxy resin, organic-silicon-modified bisphenol A type epoxy resin, saturated Racemic glycidol fat type Resins, epoxy, heterocyclic type and the mixed type Resins, epoxy.
Described Polyurethane curing reaction catalyst is one of organic tin, plumbous class catalyzer or its combination; Described organic tin catalyzer is dibutyl tin laurate, stannous octoate, stannous iso caprylate; Described plumbous class catalyzer is lead naphthenate or isocaprylic acid lead.
The urethane resin of described good weatherability is the aliphatic polyol and the polyisocyanate mixtures of good weatherability.Described polyisocyanates is one or more in hexamethylene diisocyanate HDI, isophorone diisocyanate IPDI, xylylene diisocyanate XDI, Methylcyclohexyl diisocyanate HTDI, dicyclohexyl methane diisocyanate HMDI, tetramethylxylylene diisocyanate TMXDI, HDI biuret, HDI tripolymer, IPDI tripolymer, TDI-HDI mixed trimer or the performed polymer; To be polyester polyol, tetrahydrofuran (THF) be the acrylic resin of the polyether glycol of base, hydroxyl or in the silicone resin one or more to described aliphatic polyol.
In order to improve the water-permeable of seepage material, be added with hydrophilic inorganic material in the described aggregate, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for aggregate is: 1~20%.Described hydrophilic inorganic material is one or more in diatomite, wilkinite, the perlite.
Also can be added with ammonia ester level solvent in the described urethane resin; This ammonia ester level solvent is preferably one or more in vinyl acetic monomer, methylethylketone, acetone, toluene, dimethyl formamide, the tetrahydrofuran (THF).Described urethane resin also can add chainextender and linking agent, this chainextender and linking agent are preferably alcohols and amine, described alcohols and amine are 1, the 4-butyleneglycol, 1,6-hexylene glycol, TriMethylolPropane(TMP), 3,3 '-two chloro-4,4 '-among diamino-ditan MOCA one or more.
Described Weather resistance permeable material also is added with coupling agent, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for resin is: 0-10%, the mass percent that described coupling agent consumption accounts for resin is: best results during 0.5-5%, described coupling agent are preferably the coupling agent of elements such as siliceous, titanium, phosphorus.
Cause in the factors of macromolecule material aging, the ultraviolet ray in the sunlight is extremely important one.Photostabilizer is the light stability auxiliary agent that is used to improve macromolecular material, its energy shielding ultraviolet rays, or absorb ultraviolet ray and it is converted into harmless heat energy, or cancellation is by the excited state of ultraviolet ray excited molecule or group, make it be returned to ground state, perhaps catch the free radical that produces because of photoxidation, avoid photooxidation reaction to go on, thereby make macromolecular material exempt from ultraviolet destruction, in order to increase weathering resistance, described Weather resistance permeable material also adds photostabilizer, the mass percent that the consumption of described photostabilizer accounts for resin is 0.1-5%, and described photostabilizer is a benzophenone, the salicylate class, benzotriazole category, hindered amines, among photostabilizer HPT and the photostabilizer EPU any or several; Specifically, the photostabilizer of suitable above-mentioned binding agent has benzophenone (UV-207, UV-9, UV-531, UV-A, MA, D49 and photostabilizer-50 etc.), salicylate (photostabilizer TBS, photostabilizer BAD etc.), benzotriazole (UV-P, UV-320, UV-326, UV-327, UV-328 and UV-5411 etc.), hindered amine (photostabilizer 744, photostabilizer 144, hindered amine 770, photostabilizer 292 etc.), photostabilizer HPT and photostabilizer EPU etc.
Macromolecular material is being stored, in processing and the use, under the effect of oneself factor and environmental factors, can be subjected to oxidation, thereby cause the decline or the loss of macromolecular material and product properties thereof, in order to strengthen the oxidation-resistance of this seepy material, and then strengthen its weathering resistance, described Weather resistance permeable material is added with oxidation inhibitor, effect was preferable when the mass percent that the consumption of described oxidation inhibitor accounts for resin was 0.1-4%, and described oxidation inhibitor is oxidation inhibitor 1222, AT-76, antioxidant 2246-S, AT-59, oxidation inhibitor 1035, oxidation inhibitor 1098, oxidation inhibitor 3125, TPP, TNPP, AT-168, oxidation inhibitor 245, GA-80, oxidation inhibitor 858, in the antioxidant 1010 one or more.
In order to improve flame retardant resistance, can add fire retarding epoxide resin (as: brominated Resins, epoxy, chloride Resins, epoxy and phosphorous and azo-cycle epoxy resins) and fire retardant.
Described quartz sand can be dyed shades of colour as required.
The purposes of described Weather resistance permeable material is: above-mentioned raw materials can be mixed and made into and be used for that road surfacing or rainwater are collected, the permeable prefabricated component of water filtration, as permeable brick, permeable Artificial lawn, permeable tree pond, porous disc etc.; Also can directly be layed in the road surface and form porous pavement.
The present invention is owing to adopt such scheme to have following beneficial effect:
(1) environmental protection, energy-saving seepy material: nontoxic, tasteless, pollution-free, renewable recycle; Directly adopting the sand in the desert is raw material, and changing waste into valuable is opened up science sand control new way---progressively " eat " and fall the desert.
(2) good weatherability: select the binding agent of good weatherability for use, add antioxidant, photostabilizer; Improve the ability of oxidation-resistance and antiultraviolet, improved the weathering resistance of this seepy material greatly.
(3) good water permeability: by selecting the hydrophilic resin of good water permeability for use, and in aggregate, add hydrophilic inorganic material, effectively improved the water-permeable of material.
(4) Application Areas is extensive: make permeable building materials, but large-area applications in gardens, street, building construction; Attractive and durable, optimize urban environment, both can heat insulating, save the energy; Can also be used for rain water collecting system, collect, filter, purify rainwater, promote making full use of of rainwater resource, and dust suction fixes the sand, improve Air quality; The seepy material that is used for road surfacing improves the municipal water circulation, replenishes groundwater resource; Can lay permeable, infiltration road surface, natural precipitation and artificial rainmaking all can be infiltrated the face of land rapidly, and rainfall resource is fully used, and effectively replenish urban groundwater resource, improve water cycle.
Embodiment
For further checking effective effect of the present invention, the contriver has carried out repeatedly experiment, now is listed below preferable embodiment beneficial effect of the present invention is described;
Example 1:
Get the 0.4~0.2mm order quartz sand 100g that dyes cyan, bisphenol-A epoxy resin 4.6g, aliphatic polyamine solidifying agent 1.4g, coupling agent are glycidoxy-propyltrimethoxy silane 5600.12g, photostabilizer UV-320:0.012g and antioxidant 1010: 0.006g; Mix the back and make permeable brick, test the contrast situation of its performance index and common permeable brick by mould molding:
Example 2:
Get and dye green 0.07~0.2mm order quartz sand 10Kg, tackiness agent is the acrylic resin 600g of hydroxyl and 75% HDI biuret 200g, silane coupling agent 550:3g, photostabilizer UV-3260.6g and antioxidant 1010 0.9g, lead naphthenate solution 0.5g, the dibutyl tin laurate 0.9g of curing reaction catalyst 0.5%; Mix the back and make permeable brick, survey its ultimate compression strength and reach 38MPa by mould molding.
Example 3:
Get the 0.2~0.4mm quartz sand 10Kg that dyes black, tackiness agent is the biuret solution 560g of the HDI of 70% 650 polyester liquid 600g and 75%, adds silane coupling agent 550:5g, photostabilizer UV-327:0.6g; Oxidation inhibitor 1222:0.9g, zinc naphthenate 1.8g; Chainextender and linking agent are TriMethylolPropane(TMP) 20g; Get methylethylketone 15g as ammonia ester level solvent; The sample piece of making after the mixing is surveyed its ultimate compression strength and is reached 40.3MPa.
Example 4:
Get and dye red 1.2~1.6mm quartz sand 10Kg, diatomite 100g; Tackiness agent is bisphenol-A epoxy resin 1.8Kg and the bisphenol-A epoxy resin 0.18Kg that introduces hydrophilic radical; Aliphatic polyamine solidifying agent 189g, photostabilizer EPU:1.98g, oxidation inhibitor 1035:1.98g; Select one 1 square metre road surface, on the road surface, lay 20 centimetres stone basic unit and compacting, will be laid on the pervious bed that compacting levelling on the stone roadbed forms 15 cm thicks behind the above-mentioned seepy material thorough mixing of selecting for use, record after 5 days:
Example 5: get 0.07~0.4mm quartz sand 10Kg, perlite powder 2Kg; Tackiness agent is good weatherability acrylic resin 1.2Kg; Photostabilizer HPT:6g, oxidation inhibitor 1035:6g; Siliceous coupling agent 12g; With the above-mentioned raw materials thorough mixing, make the dmp filter layer of 20 cm thicks; Do not have solid impurity, limpid in the water that obtains behind the dmp filter, can be used for carwash.
According to above embodiment as can be known:, significantly improved the water-permeable and the weathering resistance of permeable product by using the application of dank material of the present invention.
Certainly; the present invention also can have other various embodiments; under the situation that does not deviate from spirit of the present invention and essence thereof; those of ordinary skill in the art work as can make various corresponding changes and distortion according to the present invention, but these corresponding changes and distortion all should belong to the protection domain of the appended claim of the present invention.

Claims (29)

1, a kind of Weather resistance permeable material includes aggregate and binding agent; It is characterized in that:
1) described aggregate is one of natural siliceous sand, flyash, melting waste slag, synthetic quartz sand or its arbitrary combination, and its grain diameter is: 0.07 millimeter one 1.6 millimeters;
2) described binding agent is one of Resins, epoxy, polyurethane resin, acrylic resin or its arbitrary combination, and the mass percent that used resin accounts for aggregate is: 1 one 20%;
Wherein, also be added with aliphatic polyamine or alicyclic polyamine class solidifying agent in the Resins, epoxy, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for Resins, epoxy is: 5 one 60%;
Wherein, also be added with the Polyurethane curing reaction catalyst in the urethane resin;
And, being added with hydrophilic inorganic material in the described aggregate, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for aggregate is: 1~20%.
2, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: but be added with the wetting ability reacting resin in the described tackiness agent; Wherein but this wetting ability reacting resin accounts for the mass percent of resin and is: 1 one 60%.
3, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: but described wetting ability reacting resin is to introduce hydrophilic radical by chemical reaction in the Resins, epoxy molecule, and introduce epoxy group(ing) or hydroxyl, but make it become reacting resin with certain automatic emulsifying performance.
4, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described Resins, epoxy is a kind of or its arbitrary combination in alicyclic type Resins, epoxy, bisphenol-A epoxy resin, organic-silicon-modified bisphenol A type epoxy resin, saturated Racemic glycidol fat type Resins, epoxy, heterocyclic type and the mixed type Resins, epoxy.
5, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described polyurethane resin is aliphatic polyol and polyisocyanate mixtures.
6, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described polyisocyanates is one or more in 1,6 oneself diisocyanate resin, isophorone diisocyanate resin, phenylenedimethylidyne diisocyanate resin, Methylcyclohexyl diisocyanate, dicyclohexyl methyl hydride diisocyanate resin, tetramethyl-benzene dimethylene diisocyanate resin, HDI biuret, HDI tripolymer, IPDI tripolymer, TDI one HDI mixed trimer or the performed polymer; To be polyester polyvalent alcohol, tetrahydrofuran (THF) be the acrylic resin of the polyether glycol of base, hydroxyl or in the silicone resin one or more to described aliphatic polyol.
7, as claim 1 or 5 or 6 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: described Polyurethane curing reaction catalyst is one of organic tin, plumbous class catalyzer or its arbitrary combination.
8, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that: described organic tin catalyzer is dibutyl tin laurate, stannous octoate, stannous iso caprylate; Described plumbous class catalyzer is lead naphthenate or isocaprylic acid lead.
9, as claim 1 or 8 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: also be added with ammonia ester level solvent in the described polyurethane resin.
10, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 9 is characterized in that: described ammonia ester level solvent is one or more in vinyl acetic monomer, methylethylketone, acetone, toluene, dimethyl formamide, the tetrahydrofuran (THF).
11, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described urethane resin also adds chainextender and linking agent.
12, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 11 is characterized in that: described chainextender and linking agent are alcohols and amine.
13, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that: described alcohols and amine are 1,4 one butyleneglycol, 1,6 oneself two glycol, TriMethylolPropane(TMP), 3,3 '-two chloro-4, one or more in 4 '-diamino-ditan.
14, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described hydrophilic inorganic material is one or more in diatomite, wilkinite, the perlite.
15, as claim 1 or 14 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: described Weather resistance permeable material also is added with coupling agent, and the mass percent that its consumption accounts for resin is: 0 one 10%.
16, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 15 is characterized in that: the mass percent that described coupling agent consumption accounts for resin is: 0.5 one 5%.
17, as claim 15 or 16 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: described coupling agent be siliceous, admire, the coupling agent of phosphoric.
18, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described Weather resistance permeable material also adds photostabilizer.
19, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 18 is characterized in that: the mass percent that the consumption of described photostabilizer accounts for resin is 0.1 one 5%.
20, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 18 is characterized in that described photostabilizer is any or its arbitrary combination among benzophenone, Whitfield's ointment lipid, benzotriazole category, hindered amines, photostabilizer HPT and the photostabilizer EPU.
21, as claim 18 or 19 or 20 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: be added with hydrophilic inorganic material in the described aggregate, the mass percent that its consumption accounts for aggregate is: 1 one 20%.
22, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 21 is characterized in that: described Weather resistance permeable material is added with oxidation inhibitor.
23, as claim 1 or 14 or 18 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: described Weather resistance permeable material is added with oxidation inhibitor.
24, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 23 is characterized in that: the consumption of described oxidation inhibitor accounts for 0.1 one 4% of resin quality.
25, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 23 is characterized in that: described oxidation inhibitor is one or more in oxidation inhibitor 1222, AT 1, antioxidant 2246 one S, AT 1, oxidation inhibitor 1035, oxidation inhibitor 1098, oxidation inhibitor 3125, TPP, TNPP, AT 1, oxidation inhibitor 245, GA 1, oxidation inhibitor 858, the antioxidant 1010.
26, Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: described Weather resistance permeable material is added with fire retardant.
27, as claim 1 or 18 or 22 described Weather resistance permeable materials, it is characterized in that: described quartz sand is dyed shades of colour.
28, the purposes of Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 1 is: 1) make the permeable prefabricated component that is used for road surfacing or rainwater collection or water filtration; 2) directly be layed in the road surface and form porous pavement.
29, the purposes of Weather resistance permeable material as claimed in claim 28 is characterized in that: described permeable prefabricated component is permeable brick or porous disc or permeable tree pond.
CN200910166349A 2005-12-26 2005-12-26 Weather resistance permeable material and application thereof Active CN101665340B (en)

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