CN101617577A - Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester - Google Patents

Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101617577A
CN101617577A CN200910055878A CN200910055878A CN101617577A CN 101617577 A CN101617577 A CN 101617577A CN 200910055878 A CN200910055878 A CN 200910055878A CN 200910055878 A CN200910055878 A CN 200910055878A CN 101617577 A CN101617577 A CN 101617577A
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China
Prior art keywords
fault block
blocking
automatic traveling
lock plunger
knife rest
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Granted
Application number
CN200910055878A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101617577B (en
Inventor
李军政
孙松林
蒋蘋
谢方平
岳大军
肖名涛
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2009100558784A priority Critical patent/CN101617577B/en
Publication of CN101617577A publication Critical patent/CN101617577A/en
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Publication of CN101617577B publication Critical patent/CN101617577B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester which mainly comprises a power device, a traveling device, an edge cutting device, a harvesting device, a broken block cutting device, a lifting device, an operation device, and the like, wherein the power device comprises an engine installed on an inner frame; a clutch is installed on a power output shaft, and a rope is drawn to be connected to an outer frame by the clutch; the traveling device comprises a drive wheel and a traveling wheel which are installed on the outer frame; the harvesting device comprises a bottom cutting blade, a cutter rest suspending arm, a cutter rest horizontal arm and a cutter rest horizontal arm guide rail and is installed on the inner frame by a cutter rest support seat; a bottom cutter shaft is installed on the inner frame, and a pair of groove wheels and sprocket gears is installed on the shaft; and the broken block cutting device comprises a broken block cutter, a broken block cutter rest, a cutter rest spring support seat and a broken block cutter shaft. The invention has simple structure, simple and convenient whole harvester operation, simple maintenance and high operation quality and is suitable for the sod harvest on various terrains.

Description

Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester
Technical field
The present invention relates to the machinery of mowing, be specially a kind of automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester.
Background technology
At present, in urban afforestation and the park and garden construction process, usually need the turf of plantation is in advance cut into the shape of rule, and then be transplanted to the destination that needs the turf greening, and turf is transplanted and is adopted the artificial mowing skin that rises mostly now, and labour intensity is big, efficient is lower, and is long in time limit.There are walking operation and tractor-mounted stubble plough at present; but cutting sod can not become piece, THICKNESS CONTROL inconvenience; operation quality is not high; operating environment is subjected to severely restricts; underslung large-scale turfing take machinery is more suitable in the operation of the farm of scale; but also to further manually cut into satisfactory careless piece, and cost an arm and a leg, be not suitable for large tracts of land and promote.
The utility model content
Technical problem solved by the invention is to provide a kind of automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester, to solve the shortcoming in the above-mentioned background technology.
Technical problem solved by the invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester mainly comprises, power set, running gear, trimming device, rises and cuts device, fault block cutter sweep, elevator, operating means etc.
In invention, described power set comprise engine, and engine is installed on the interior framework, and clutch is installed on the power take-off, and the Clutch Control drag-line is drawn and is connected in outer frame, link to each other with frame type Clutch Control handle on being installed in the frame handrail.
In invention, described running gear comprises driving wheel and road wheel, driving wheel and road wheel are installed on the outer frame, interior framework is suspended on the outer frame by four fan-shaped lifting ratchets, on the left back fan-shaped lifting ratchet joystick is installed, be used for the lifting interior framework, four lock plunger bearings that cooperate with fan-shaped lifting ratchet are installed on the outer frame, lock plunger is installed in the lock plunger bearing, helical spring is arranged on it, lock plunger is connected with lock plunger drag-line joystick by the lock plunger drag-line, forward two fan-shaped lifting ratchets are consistent with the suspension pin joint and the engine output shaft center of interior framework, on right front fan-shaped lifting ratchet and the outer frame suspended axle sprocket is installed, cooperate transferring power to driving wheel with the sprocket on the power take-off, trimming device comprises the wheel of cutting edge, and is installed in interior framework, transmits engine power by sprocket.
In invention, described is cut device and comprises undercutting blade, knife rest cantilever, knife rest transverse arm and knife rest transverse arm guide rail, is installed on the interior framework by tool support, and the undercutting cutter shaft is installed on the interior framework, and a pair of sheave and sprocket are installed on the axle.
In invention, described fault block cutter sweep comprises fault block cutting knife, fault block cutting-off tool rest, tool guide, knife rest spring fastening, fault block cutter shaft, pair of cams and a pair of sheave are installed on the fault block cutter shaft, and fault block cutting knife and tool guide are suspended on the underframe bearing by spring fastening.
When having realized the mowing skin, the present invention walks automatically, cut edge and cut back fault block moulding, when turning to by pressing down handrail lifting complete machine front end, complete machine is easy and simple to handle, safeguard simple, not only be suitable for large-area regular grassland and play the mowing skin, and the irregular terrain profiles that can also adapt to small size plays the mowing skin, the operation quality height.
Beneficial effect: the present invention is simple in structure, and complete machine is easy and simple to handle, safeguard simply, and the operation quality height, the turf that adapts to various landform rises and cuts.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of complete machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of complete machine of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that the present invention plays cutting blade and knife rest cantilever design schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is fault block cutting knife of the present invention and cutter frame structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the utility model is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester, frame type Clutch Control handle 1, Clutch Control drag-line 2, drag-line joystick 3, lock plunger drag-line 4, lock plunger 5, ratchet joystick 6, helical spring 7, lock plunger bearing 8, fan-shaped lifting ratchet 9, connect drag-line 10, power set engine 11, sprocket 12, driving wheel 13, cut edge and take turns 14, undercutting blade 15, knife rest cantilever 16, knife rest transverse arm 17, knife rest transverse arm guide rail 18, by tool support 19, fault block cutting knife 20, fault block cutting-off tool rest 21, tool guide 22, knife rest spring fastening 23, cam 24, underframe bearing 25, road wheel 26, interior framework 27, outer frame 28, fault block cutter shaft 29, drive sheave 30, undercutting cutter shaft 31, power take-off 32, clutch 33.
Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester, power set engine 11 is installed on the interior framework 27, clutch 33 is installed on the power take-off 32, Clutch Control drag-line 2 is drawn and is connected in outer frame 28, link to each other with the frame type Clutch Control handle 1 on being installed in the frame handrail, realize the output and the cut-out of power.
Walking manner is forerunner's formula, driving wheel 13 and road wheel 26, be installed on the outer frame 28, the power of engine is delivered to sprocket 12 through output shaft 32, through the intermediate reduction gear sprocket, pass to driving wheel 13 at last, wherein engine power output shaft 32 is concentric with the hinged pivot maintenance of interior framework with fan-shaped lifting ratchet 9, the center of sprocket 21 place axles is concentric with the hinged pivot maintenance of outer frame with fan-shaped lifting ratchet 9, thereby has guaranteed not change when the interior framework lifting at an arbitrary position transmission centre-to-centre spacing.Road wheel 26 is installed on the rear end of outer frame 28, and left and right sides road wheel is independent wheel.When lifting the complete machine front end, can by left and right sides road wheel and ground contact and relative motion realizes turning to.
Interior framework 27 is suspended on the outer frame 28 by four fan-shaped lifting ratchets 9, and the parallelogram elevating mechanism of two pin joints formations by fan-shaped lifting ratchet can guarantee that interior framework keeps parallel with outer frame in lifting process.On the wherein left back fan-shaped lifting ratchet 9 ratchet joystick 6 is installed, is used for promoting or reducing interior framework 27.Four lock plunger bearings 8 that cooperate with fan-shaped lifting ratchet 9 are installed on the outer frame 28, and lock plunger 5 is installed in the lock plunger bearing 8, realize that interior framework is fixed on certain particular location thereby lock fan-shaped lifting ratchet by lock plunger.Be with helical spring 7 on the lock plunger, guarantee the reliability of lock plunger, two lock plungers of front end connect drag-line 10 by the centre and link with two the lock plunger drag-lines in rear end, are connected on the drag-line joystick 3 by lock plunger drag-line 4 again.When adjusting the interior framework height in different ratchet position, by the lock plunger drag-line 4 that connects on the pulling lock plunger, four lock plungers all are connected on the drag-line joystick 3, the drag-line joystick is the conjuncted lever of a rectangle frame shape, pull drag-line joystick 3 four lock plungers are opened, can pull fan-shaped ratchet joystick 6 and the lifting of realization interior framework.
Trimming device comprises the wheel 14 of cutting edge, and is installed on the interior framework 27, passes through sprocket 12 transferring power by power take-off 32.Realize in the process of walking in advance to cutting edge about turf.
Rise and to cut device and comprise undercutting blade 15, knife rest cantilever 16, knife rest transverse arm 17 and knife rest transverse arm guide rail 18 are installed on the interior framework 27 by tool support 19, and undercutting cutter shaft 31 is installed on the interior framework 27, a pair of sheave 30 of installation and sprocket on the axle.Power directly drives the rotation of undercutting cutter shaft by engine output shaft 32 through sprocket, thereby drive the sheave rotation, guide groove on the sheave drives and moves back and forth about knife rest transverse arm 17 is done in knife rest transverse arm guide rail 18, drives undercutting blade about 15 reciprocal cutting sod root system and clods by knife rest cantilever 16.Work the careless piece cut off along with the preceding of complete machine and then pass in the middle of the knife rest cantilever 16, be cut to piece until the fault block cutting knife.
The fault block cutter sweep comprises fault block cutting knife 20, fault block cutting-off tool rest 21, tool guide 22, knife rest spring fastening 23, fault block cutter shaft 29 is equipped with pair of cams 24 and a pair of sheave 30 on the axle, and fault block cutting knife 20 and tool guide 22 are suspended on the underframe bearing 25 by spring fastening 23.Power is input to fault block cutter shaft 29 by undercutting cutter shaft 31 through sprocket, drive sheave 30 and cam 24 rotations, guide groove on the sheave moves fault block cutting-off tool rest 21 to move back and forth about doing in tool guide 22, tool guide 22 is installed on the knife rest spring fastening 23, connects with underframe bearing 25 by spring.The restoring force of cam rotation and cooperation spring fastening, realization fault block cutting knife is done periodically and is moved up and down, and realizes the fault block cutting of turf.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the specification just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed the utility model scope.The claimed scope of the utility model is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (7)

1, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester, mainly comprise, power set, running gear, trimming device, rise and cut device, the fault block cutter sweep, elevator, operating means etc., it is characterized in that, described power set comprise engine, engine is installed on the interior framework, clutch is installed on the power take-off, the Clutch Control drag-line is drawn and is connected in outer frame, link to each other with the frame type Clutch Control handle on being installed in the frame handrail, described running gear comprises driving wheel and road wheel, driving wheel and road wheel are installed on the outer frame, interior framework is suspended on the outer frame by four fan-shaped lifting ratchets, lock plunger is connected with lock plunger drag-line joystick by the lock plunger drag-line, described is cut device and comprises the undercutting blade, the knife rest cantilever, knife rest transverse arm and knife rest transverse arm guide rail, be installed on the interior framework by tool support, the undercutting cutter shaft is installed on the interior framework, a pair of sheave and sprocket are installed on the axle, described fault block cutter sweep comprises the fault block cutting knife, the fault block cutting-off tool rest, the knife rest spring fastening, the fault block cutter shaft, the fault block cutting knife is located on the fault block cutting-off tool rest, and knife rest is provided with knife rest spring fastening and fault block cutter shaft.
2, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on the described left back fan-shaped lifting ratchet joystick is installed, and is used for the lifting interior framework, and four lock plunger bearings that cooperate with fan-shaped lifting ratchet are installed on the outer frame.
3, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on the described lock plunger helical spring is arranged, and lock plunger is connected with lock plunger drag-line joystick by the lock plunger drag-line,
4, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that, pair of cams and a pair of sheave are installed on the described fault block cutter shaft.
5, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described fault block cutting knife and tool guide are suspended on the underframe bearing by spring fastening.
6, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described knife rest is provided with guide rail.
7, automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described fan-shaped lifting ratchet, forward two fan-shaped lifting ratchets are consistent with the suspension pin joint and the engine output shaft center of interior framework, on right front fan-shaped lifting ratchet and the outer frame suspended axle sprocket are installed.
CN2009100558784A 2009-08-04 2009-08-04 Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester Expired - Fee Related CN101617577B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101617577A true CN101617577A (en) 2010-01-06
CN101617577B CN101617577B (en) 2011-06-08

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102792801A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-11-28 王光敏 Method of returning straw and sod smoldered soil to field
CN102873673A (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-16 上海华普汽车有限公司 Synchronous working vehicle
CN103155739A (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-19 卡斯腾制造公司 Divot tools and methods of making divot tools
CN107172900A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-19 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of full-automatic sod harvester
CN108174636A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-06-19 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner
CN108601324A (en) * 2016-01-25 2018-09-28 胡斯华纳有限公司 The locked component of component is adjusted for grass trimmer cutting-height
CN108934801A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 吴志明 Machine is dug with turf for a kind of gardens
CN109089749A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-28 合肥普发谐利信息科技有限公司 A kind of stubble plough
CN109169001A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-01-11 李志航 A kind of reliable garden lawn laying trolley

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103155739A (en) * 2011-12-09 2013-06-19 卡斯腾制造公司 Divot tools and methods of making divot tools
CN103155739B (en) * 2011-12-09 2017-04-12 卡斯腾制造公司 Divot tools and methods of making divot tools
CN102873673A (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-16 上海华普汽车有限公司 Synchronous working vehicle
CN102873673B (en) * 2012-05-23 2014-12-17 上海华普汽车有限公司 Synchronous working vehicle
CN102792801A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-11-28 王光敏 Method of returning straw and sod smoldered soil to field
CN102792801B (en) * 2012-08-27 2015-11-25 王光敏 Stalk, turf are boiled in a covered pot over a slow fire soil and are returned field method
CN108601324A (en) * 2016-01-25 2018-09-28 胡斯华纳有限公司 The locked component of component is adjusted for grass trimmer cutting-height
CN108601324B (en) * 2016-01-25 2021-02-19 胡斯华纳有限公司 Locking assembly for mower cutting height adjustment assembly
CN107172900A (en) * 2017-05-27 2017-09-19 南京工业职业技术学院 A kind of full-automatic sod harvester
CN107172900B (en) * 2017-05-27 2023-09-01 南京工业职业技术学院 Full-automatic turf harvester
CN108174636A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-06-19 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner
CN108934801A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-12-07 吴志明 Machine is dug with turf for a kind of gardens
CN108934801B (en) * 2018-07-03 2021-03-23 吴志明 Turf turner for gardens
CN109089749A (en) * 2018-08-14 2018-12-28 合肥普发谐利信息科技有限公司 A kind of stubble plough
CN109169001A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-01-11 李志航 A kind of reliable garden lawn laying trolley
CN109169001B (en) * 2018-11-05 2021-06-01 南京幸庄科技创新产业园管理有限公司 Reliable garden lawn lays dolly

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Granted publication date: 20110608

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