CN108174636A - Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner - Google Patents

Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108174636A
CN108174636A CN201810237945.3A CN201810237945A CN108174636A CN 108174636 A CN108174636 A CN 108174636A CN 201810237945 A CN201810237945 A CN 201810237945A CN 108174636 A CN108174636 A CN 108174636A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle frame
plate
fixed
baffle
push rod
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810237945.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李方舟
张海生
王军
杨婷婷
古晓红
李广信
冯瑞云
冯志威
李盛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CROP Science Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
CROP Science Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CROP Science Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical CROP Science Research Institute of Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201810237945.3A priority Critical patent/CN108174636A/en
Publication of CN108174636A publication Critical patent/CN108174636A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B41/00Thinning machines

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinners, belong to technical field of agricultural machinery, it provides a kind of simple in structure, it is easy to use, thinning efficiency can be effectively improved, operate more convenient dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner, used technical solution is is equipped with handrail on vehicle frame, handrail is installed in handrail, the bottom front of vehicle frame is equipped with liftable traveling wheel, bottom rear end is equipped with supporting leg, thinning mechanism is provided between supporting leg and traveling wheel, thinning mechanism is fixed on vehicle frame, accumulator for power supply is installed at the top of vehicle frame;The present invention is widely used in the thinning operation of experimental field.

Description

Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinners, belong to technical field of agricultural machinery.
Background technology
With the development of simple grain precise sowing machinery, most of crop has not needed to thinning operation.But in most of reality Tanaka is tested, is limited by cost and development costs or mainly using artificial seeding, in particular for planting dicotyledonous crops Experimental field, such as cotton, the plantation of soybean, peanut, sunflower, sweet potato, potato, in order to ensure that seedling has enough growths Space and room need to carry out thinning.Existing thinning mode is mainly artificial thinning, inconvenient for operation, labor intensity Height, working efficiency are low.
Invention content
To solve technical problem of the existing technology, the present invention provides simple in structure, easy to use, the Neng Gouyou of one kind Effect improves thinning efficiency, operates more convenient dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner, including vehicle Frame is equipped with handrail on the vehicle frame, handrail is equipped in the handrail, the bottom front of the vehicle frame is equipped with and can rise The traveling wheel of drop, bottom rear end are equipped with supporting leg, and thinning mechanism, the thinner are provided between the supporting leg and traveling wheel Structure is fixed on vehicle frame, the accumulator for power supply is equipped at the top of the vehicle frame, the thinning mechanism is mainly by side plate, gear Plate, movable cutter, push rod and servo motor are formed, and the quantity of the side plate is two, and the parallel bottom for being fixed on vehicle frame, institute It states and a block baffle is mounted on the inside of side plate, the baffle plate setting in the same plane, is both provided with one on the side plate Push rod, the push rod are located at the rear of the baffle of respective side, and the push rod is fixed on by linear bearing on side plate, the push rod One end be slidably mounted in fixed link plate, the fixed link plate is fixed on the rear portion of baffle, and one end of the push rod is also fixed There is movable cutter, the other end of the push rod is equipped with push plate, resetting spring, the side are equipped between the push plate and side plate The outside of plate is also equipped with fixed frame, and the servo motor is fixed on fixed frame, is equipped in the shaft of the servo motor Cam, the cam are in contact with push plate, and speed-regulating switch is equipped in the handrail.
Preferably, the traveling wheel is mainly made of wheel, wheel carrier, lifter plate, lifting motor and elevating screw, the vehicle The bottom of frame is provided with lifter plate, and the two bottom sides of the lifter plate are both provided with wheel carrier, and the vehicle wheel rotation is mounted on wheel carrier On, the two bottom sides of the vehicle frame are mounted on guide rod, and the side of the wheel carrier is mounted on guide holder, and the guide rod is equal Slip is inserted on lifter plate and guide holder, and guide rod bottom is provided with lower position block, and housing, institute are equipped on the vehicle frame State lifter plate middle part it is vertically-mounted have elevating screw, the first location nut on the vehicle frame is installed, is equipped on housing Two location nuts, the elevating screw are separately mounted in the first location nut and the second location nut, on the elevating screw Driving screw is also equipped with, key connection has driven gear on the driving screw, and lifting motor is equipped on the housing, described Driving gear is installed, the driving gear is meshed with driven gear, is also set in the handrail in the shaft of lifting motor It is equipped with that the control of lifting motor is controlled to switch.
Preferably, it is both provided with washer at the top and bottom of the driving screw.
Preferably, the accumulator is chargeable storage.
Preferably, the spacing between the baffle is 3-5cm, Weir Plate Thickness 5-10cm, and baffle is arcuate structure.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following technique effect:The configuration of the present invention is simple, it is easy to use, using energy The trolley of ridge walking is enough ridden, thinning mechanism is installed in small car bottom, is powered by accumulator, is controlled using cam mechanism Cutter, which moves back and forth, carries out thinning operation, easy to operate using simple, effectively reduces labor intensity, improves thinning efficiency, Traveling wheel can be adjusted using liftable structure according to different plant heights simultaneously.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 be Fig. 1 in A to structure diagram.
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of thinning mechanism in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
In order to which technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved are more clearly understood, tie below Accompanying drawings and embodiments are closed, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner including vehicle frame 1, is equipped with handrail 2 on vehicle frame 1, Handrail 3 is installed, the bottom front of vehicle frame 1 is equipped with liftable traveling wheel 4, and bottom rear end is equipped with supporting leg in handrail 2 5, thinning mechanism 6 is provided between supporting leg 5 and traveling wheel 4, thinning mechanism 6 is fixed on vehicle frame 1, and the top of vehicle frame 1 is equipped with For the accumulator 7 of power supply, accumulator 7 uses chargeable storage, and thinning mechanism 6 is mainly by side plate 8, baffle 9, movable cutter 10th, push rod 11 and servo motor 12 are formed, and the quantity of side plate 8 is two, and the parallel bottom for being fixed on vehicle frame 1, side plate 8 it is interior Side is mounted on a block baffle 9, and baffle 9 is disposed on the same plane, and the spacing between baffle is 3-5cm, Weir Plate Thickness 5- 10cm, and baffle is arcuate structure, can make seedling so by the gap between baffle, and can be stopping thinning on ridge Soil be bulldozed, be convenient for thinning.A push rod 11 is both provided on side plate 8, after push rod 11 is located at the baffle 9 of respective side Side, push rod 11 are fixed on by linear bearing 13 on side plate 8, and one end of push rod 11 is slidably mounted in fixed link plate 14, fixed Connecting plate 14 is fixed on the rear portion of baffle, and one end of push rod 11 is further fixed on movable cutter 10, and cutter 10 is away from ground level than baffle 9 Minimum point it is slightly higher, can be ensured that cutter 10 smoothly cuts seedling, and does not touch soil in this way, the other end of push rod 11, which is equipped with, to be pushed away Plate 15, is equipped with resetting spring 16 between push plate 15 and side plate, the outside of side plate 8 is also equipped with fixed frame 17, servo motor 12 It is fixed on fixed frame 17, cam 18 is installed in the shaft of servo motor 12, cam 18 is in contact with push plate 15, handrail 2 On speed-regulating switch 19 is installed.
Wherein, traveling wheel 4 is mainly made of wheel 20, wheel carrier 21, lifter plate 22, lifting motor 23 and elevating screw 24, The bottom of vehicle frame 1 is provided with lifter plate 22, and the two bottom sides of lifter plate 22 are both provided with wheel carrier 21, and wheel 20 is rotatably installed in wheel On frame 21, the two bottom sides of vehicle frame 1 are mounted on guide rod 25, and the side of wheel carrier 21 is mounted on guide holder 26, guide rod 25 It slides and is inserted on lifter plate 22 and guide holder 26, and 25 bottom of guide rod is provided with lower position block 27, is equipped on vehicle frame 1 Housing 28, the middle part of lifter plate 22 is vertically-mounted elevating screw 24, and the first location nut 29, housing 28 are equipped on vehicle frame 1 On the second location nut 30 is installed, elevating screw 24 is separately mounted in the first location nut 29 and the second location nut 30, Driving screw 31 is also equipped on elevating screw 24, key connection on screw 31 is driven to have driven gear 32, is equipped on housing 28 Lifting motor 23 is equipped with driving gear 34 in the shaft of lifting motor 23, and driving gear 34 is meshed with driven gear 32, helps It is additionally provided with that the control of lifting motor 23 is controlled to switch 35 on hand lever 2.
When in use, traveling wheel rides ridge traveling, while starts speed-regulating switch, starts servo motor, then according to walking The speed of wheel, control speed-regulating switch adjust the rotating speed of servo motor, the cutting frequency of both sides cutter are controlled, so as to reach control room The purpose at seedling interval.In traveling wheel rotation process, the seedling on ridge makes seedling righting, is conducive to by the gap between baffle Thinning.Baffle can be bulldozed the soil on ridge simultaneously, facilitate thinning.In addition at seedling gap across baffle, servo electricity Machine control cam rotation, the movement of actuated by cams push rod are made movable cutter complete primary cutting, and are controlled using cam, control Feed distance, and then control and slice off extra seedling, completes thinning, and using simple, easy to operate, thinning efficiency significantly improves.
When plant height is higher or lower, thinning mechanism can not need to adjust traveling wheel when crop root carries out thinning Height with meet use.When being adjusted, by the way that switch is controlled to play lifting motor, lifting motor rotation, driving is actively Gear, driven gear rotation, since driving screw and driven gear are keyed, while screw is driven to be fixed in installation, drive Screw can not move up and down.In this way, driving screw is made to be moved up and down along the first location nut, the second location nut, walking is completed The height adjustment of wheel, guide rod is primarily to ensure that traveling wheel is reliable during the adjustment, and stability is good.It drives simultaneously The top and bottom of screw 31 are both provided with washer 33, ensure that driving screw can rotate reliably, limit effect is more preferable.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within refreshing and principle etc., should all wrap within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner, it is characterised in that:Including vehicle frame, handrail is installed on the vehicle frame, it is described Handrail is installed, the bottom front of the vehicle frame is equipped with liftable traveling wheel, and bottom rear end is equipped with supporting leg in handrail , thinning mechanism is provided between the supporting leg and traveling wheel, the thinning mechanism is fixed on vehicle frame, the top peace of the vehicle frame Equipped with the accumulator for power supply, the thinning mechanism is mainly made of side plate, baffle, movable cutter, push rod and servo motor, The quantity of the side plate is two, and the parallel bottom for being fixed on vehicle frame, and a block baffle, institute are mounted on the inside of the side plate It states baffle plate setting in the same plane, a push rod is both provided on the side plate, the push rod is located at the baffle of respective side Rear, the push rod are fixed on by linear bearing on side plate, and one end of the push rod is slidably mounted in fixed link plate, described Fixed link plate is fixed on the rear portion of baffle, and one end of the push rod is further fixed on movable cutter, the other end installation of the push rod There is push plate, resetting spring is installed between the push plate and side plate, the outside of the side plate is also equipped with fixed frame, the servo Motor is fixed on fixed frame, cam is equipped in the shaft of the servo motor, the cam is in contact with push plate, described to help Speed-regulating switch is installed on hand lever.
2. dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The traveling wheel is mainly by vehicle Wheel, wheel carrier, lifter plate, lifting motor and elevating screw are formed, and the bottom of the vehicle frame is provided with lifter plate, the lifter plate Two bottom sides are both provided with wheel carrier, and the vehicle wheel rotation is mounted on wheel carrier, and the two bottom sides of the vehicle frame are mounted on being oriented to Bar, the side of the wheel carrier are mounted on guide holder, and the guide rod, which slides, to be inserted on lifter plate and guide holder, and are oriented to Bar bottom is provided with lower position block, and housing is equipped on the vehicle frame, and the middle part of the lifter plate is vertically-mounted elevating screw, First location nut on the vehicle frame is installed, the second location nut is installed on housing, the elevating screw is separately mounted to In first location nut and the second location nut, driving screw is also equipped on the elevating screw, it is described to drive key on screw Driven gear is connected with, lifting motor is installed on the housing, driving gear, institute are installed in the shaft of the lifting motor It states driving gear to be meshed with driven gear, is additionally provided with that the control of lifting motor is controlled to switch in the handrail.
3. dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The top of the driving screw Washer is both provided with bottom.
4. dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The accumulator is chargeable Accumulator.
5. dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Spacing between the baffle For 3-5cm, Weir Plate Thickness 5-10cm, and baffle is arcuate structure.
CN201810237945.3A 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner Pending CN108174636A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810237945.3A CN108174636A (en) 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810237945.3A CN108174636A (en) 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 Dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner

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CN108174636A true CN108174636A (en) 2018-06-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111699768A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-09-25 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 Millet thinning machine
CN112740855A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-05-04 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Seedling thinning device for alfalfa seed field
CN116868706A (en) * 2023-06-21 2023-10-13 宁夏农林科学院动物科学研究所(宁夏草畜工程技术研究中心) Salt-tolerant alfalfa hybrid seed field seedling thinning equipment

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1332439A (en) * 1962-08-28 1963-07-12 Franz Kleine Maschinenfabrik F Machine for the maintenance or establishment of row crops and in particular for the stripping of plants, with a thinning member controlled by photoelectric cell
CN2458848Y (en) * 2000-10-13 2001-11-14 张卫明 Machine for final singling
CN101617577A (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-01-06 湖南农业大学 Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester
CN201629960U (en) * 2010-04-01 2010-11-17 杨晶晶 Cylindrical automatic gapper
CN106258028A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 中国农业大学 The intelligent thinning of a kind of machine vision servo is hoed up weeds facility
CN206821221U (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-01-02 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 Adjustable mechanical Multifunctional fertilizer applicator
CN107593040A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-19 胡经宇 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN107801471A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 青岛农业大学 Adaptive beet topping machine
CN208001468U (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-10-26 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR1332439A (en) * 1962-08-28 1963-07-12 Franz Kleine Maschinenfabrik F Machine for the maintenance or establishment of row crops and in particular for the stripping of plants, with a thinning member controlled by photoelectric cell
CN2458848Y (en) * 2000-10-13 2001-11-14 张卫明 Machine for final singling
CN101617577A (en) * 2009-08-04 2010-01-06 湖南农业大学 Automatic traveling type sod blocking harvester
CN201629960U (en) * 2010-04-01 2010-11-17 杨晶晶 Cylindrical automatic gapper
CN106258028A (en) * 2016-08-03 2017-01-04 中国农业大学 The intelligent thinning of a kind of machine vision servo is hoed up weeds facility
CN206821221U (en) * 2017-06-06 2018-01-02 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 Adjustable mechanical Multifunctional fertilizer applicator
CN107801471A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 青岛农业大学 Adaptive beet topping machine
CN107593040A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-19 胡经宇 A kind of seedling growth pit-picker
CN208001468U (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-10-26 山西省农业科学院作物科学研究所 A kind of dicotyledonous crops experimental field thinner

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111699768A (en) * 2020-07-22 2020-09-25 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 Millet thinning machine
CN111699768B (en) * 2020-07-22 2022-07-08 河北省农林科学院谷子研究所 Millet thinning machine
CN112740855A (en) * 2021-01-20 2021-05-04 中国农业科学院兰州畜牧与兽药研究所 Seedling thinning device for alfalfa seed field
CN116868706A (en) * 2023-06-21 2023-10-13 宁夏农林科学院动物科学研究所(宁夏草畜工程技术研究中心) Salt-tolerant alfalfa hybrid seed field seedling thinning equipment
CN116868706B (en) * 2023-06-21 2024-01-05 宁夏农林科学院动物科学研究所(宁夏草畜工程技术研究中心) Salt-tolerant alfalfa hybrid seed field seedling thinning equipment

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