CN206491133U - A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction - Google Patents

A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206491133U
CN206491133U CN201720113676.0U CN201720113676U CN206491133U CN 206491133 U CN206491133 U CN 206491133U CN 201720113676 U CN201720113676 U CN 201720113676U CN 206491133 U CN206491133 U CN 206491133U
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China
Prior art keywords
push
housing
frame
servo
friction
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720113676.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谭彧
李景行
李宝胜
周秀芳
常艺菲
吴刚
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Abstract

The utility model is related to agricultural machinery technological field, more particularly to a kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, and it includes housing, frame and push-rod assembly;The section of the housing is circle, and the case inside connects the frame, and the housing can be circumferentially rotated around the frame;The push-rod assembly at least two, each push-rod assembly is vertically in walking mechanism, and the push rod of the push-rod assembly connects the bottom of the frame;By controlling each push-rod assembly, realize the inclination of the housing so that the housing contacts or realized the lifting of the housing with above ground portion.The utility model uses the frictional force produced with ground as driving source, saves cost, simple in construction;Housing bottom is not with ground parallel contact friction all the time, and the running resistance suffered by walking mechanism is small.

Description

A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction
Technical field
The utility model is related to agricultural machinery technological field, more particularly to a kind of forage grass based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction pushes Device.
Background technology
Indoor captive livestock, particularly relies on large-scale feed lot stable breeding, is one of major way of modern farming enterprise's.But During feeding, forage is caused to occur position because livestock can feed the extension on head and movement in forage grass, and feeding process nearby Move and be gradually distance from fence, cause forage grass farther out not taken food, so as to cause the serious waste of forage.At this stage, use Pilot steering machine is universal solution using hand tools push forage grass.This method cost is higher, labor intensity Greatly, production efficiency is relatively low.Therefore, design, produce suitable pushing equipment, be modernization herding for pushing forage grass in time One of key of cultural technique application.Currently for the existing related research and development of forage grass pushing equipment, mainly divide according to push mode For three types:Wheeled, shovel and rotation type.
Wheeled pushing equipment can be used in combination with most farm machineries, in operation process, and wheel rim connects with forage grass extruding Touch, completing forage grass by the rotation of wheel pushes task.But because the equipment may be limited by application environment, it is impossible to smaller Feed lot use, have some limitations.
Shovel forage grass pushing equipment can be divided into two kinds according to the installation site of pusher, and one kind is by former to place There is facility to be transformed, increase automation pushing equipment completes push task, and another is to coordinate with walking Work machine Into the task of push.But this equipment it is not only possible increase transformation quantities, and in operation process push path fix, work( Rate is constant, and forage grass injected volume must be determined by push maximum area and peak power, and some then need artificial operation.
The rotation type pushing equipment Butler Gold that such as JOZ companies of Holland produce, are filled by the spiral in Y-axis Put, pushed forage grass at fence to by rotating, complete push task.The Wu Gang of China Agricultural University et al. number of patent application is CN201520736718.7 " a kind of forage grass pusher ", it is by the use of motor as driving source, with gear and ring gear The rotation delivery device of composition is combined, and realizes the push of forage grass.But its working method belongs to active push, it is necessary to install driving Motor and power supply, cost are of a relatively high, and structure is relatively complicated.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem to be solved
The utility model provides a kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, and the device can reduce cost, And its simple in construction, running resistance is small, production efficiency can be improved while reduction hand labor intensity.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of forage grass based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction and pushes dress Put, including housing, frame and push-rod assembly;The section of the housing is circle, and the case inside connects the frame, and The housing can be circumferentially rotated around the frame;The push-rod assembly at least two, each push-rod assembly is set vertically In in walking mechanism, the push rod of the push-rod assembly connects the bottom of the frame;By controlling each push-rod assembly, institute is realized The inclination of housing is stated so that the housing contacts or realized the lifting of the housing with above ground portion.
Wherein, the housing includes the lower case of upper body and connection upper body, and the lower case is by rubber Material is made.
Wherein, the upper body and the lower case are connected by cover plate.
Wherein, the inwall of the housing is provided with circular orbit, and the outer end of the frame is provided with least two rail wheels, often The individual rail wheel coordinates with the circular orbit.
Wherein, the frame is T-shaped is set, and three outer ends of the T-shaped frame are equipped with rail wheel, each rail Road wheel coordinates with the circular orbit.
Wherein, the circular orbit is welded on the inwall of the housing.
Wherein, the push rod of the push-rod assembly is connected by oblique-top sliding seat with the frame.
Wherein, the push-rod assembly is three, and three push-rod assemblies are distributed in isosceles triangle.
Wherein, the bottom of the push-rod assembly is provided with fixed plate, and the fixed plate is fixedly connected with the walking mechanism.
Wherein, the push-rod assembly is electric pushrod.
(3) beneficial effect
The forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction that the utility model is provided, has following compared to prior art Feature:
1st, the utility model uses the frictional force produced with ground as driving source, without installing motor and power supply, Cost, simple in construction is saved, cruising time is longer, can be achieved round-the-clock on duty;During push, housing bottom planar annular It is angled with ground, it is partial face contact, not with ground parallel contact friction all the time, therefore the traveling suffered by walking mechanism Resistance is small, can reach the job requirement that feed is pushed.The utility model can reduce production cost and hand labor intensity, raising Production efficiency, and the facility of feed lot need not be transformed;
2nd, housing lower end of the present utility model uses elastomeric material, the friction between housing and ground is realized, beneficial to realization Gyration, and then promote forage grass;Using the cooperation of rail wheel and annular slide track, it can realize that frame of the housing on the inside of it turns It is dynamic.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure figure of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated forage grass pusher turned round of friction;
Fig. 2 is the top view of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated forage grass pusher turned round of friction;
Fig. 3 is the left view profile of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated forage grass pusher turned round of friction;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of frame of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of oblique-top sliding seat of the present utility model;
Structural representation when Fig. 6 is the utility model rotary work;
Fig. 7 is structural representation when the utility model obstacle detouring is climbed;
In figure, 1:Housing;1-1:Upper body;1-2:Lower case;2:Frame;3:Pushing component;4:Walking mechanism;5: Cover plate;6:Circular orbit;7:Rail wheel;8:Oblique-top sliding seat;9:Fixed plate.
Embodiment
For the ease of understanding the utility model, the utility model is more fully retouched below with reference to relevant drawings State.Better embodiment of the present utility model is given in accompanying drawing.It these are only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and unprovoked This limits the scope of the claims of the present utility model, equivalent structure that every utilization the utility model specification and accompanying drawing content are made or Equivalent flow conversion, or other related technical fields are directly or indirectly used in, similarly it is included in of the present utility model special In sharp protection domain.
Unless otherwise defined, all of technologies and scientific terms used here by the article is led with belonging to technology of the present utility model The implication that the technical staff in domain is generally understood that is identical.It is herein to be in term used in the description of the present utility model The purpose of description specific embodiment, it is not intended that in limitation the utility model.Term as used herein " and/or " bag Include the arbitrary and all combination of one or more related Listed Items.
The utility model provides a kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, and the device can reduce cost, And its simple in construction, running resistance is small, production efficiency can be improved while reduction hand labor intensity.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction is provided in the utility model embodiment, Including housing 1, frame 2 and push-rod assembly 3;Wherein, the section of housing 1 is circle, the inner side connection frame 2 of housing 1, and housing 1 can circumferentially rotate around frame 2;Push-rod assembly 3 at least two, each push-rod assembly 3 in walking mechanism 4, is pushed away vertically The bottom of the push rod connection frame 2 of bar assembly 3;By controlling each push-rod assembly 3, realize the inclination of housing 1 so that housing 1 with Above ground portion contacts or realized the lifting of housing 1.Forage grass pusher of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, is expert at Walk mechanism 4 to drive in frame 2 and housing traveling process, control is arranged at the push rod of each push-rod assembly 3 in walking mechanism 4 Elongation so that frame 2 drives housing 1 to tilt or causes frame 2 to drive housing 1 to be lifted, i.e. the increase bottom surface of housing 1 and ground The distance between;Each arrangement of push-rod assembly 3 in walking mechanism 4, it shall be guaranteed that by controlling pushing away for each push-rod assembly 3 When bar is in different elongations, the inclined direction of housing 1 is vertical with direct of travel holding, with this in each push-rod assembly 3 Under effect, housing 1 is tilted to perpendicular to the direction of direct of travel, so that housing 1 can be contacted partly with ground, due to traveling process In, contact of the housing 1 with ground can produce frictional force so that drive housing 1 carried out around frame 2 circumferential rotation, i.e. housing 1 around Its axis is rotated, you can realize the push to forage grass around, it is to be understood that the device is in operation process, housing 1 The direction being pushed is needed to tilt to forage grass so that housing 1 contacts generation frictional force with above ground portion, so as to drive housing 1 to revolve Turn;, can be in the shell for driving frame 2 and being connected with frame 2 by controlling the push rod of each push-rod assembly 3 to carry out different elongations The overall rising of body 3, that is, widened the distance between bottom and ground of housing 3, so climbed or running into obstacle In the case of, drive frame 2 and the overall of housing 1 to advance beneficial to walking mechanism 4.
By the elongation for the push rod for controlling each push-rod assembly 3, the angle of inclination of frame 2 can be changed, i.e., when each When the elongation of the push rod of push-rod assembly 3 is different, frame 2 produces inclination, because frame 2 connects what can be circumferentially rotated around frame 2 Housing 3, so that housing 1 can also be tilted accordingly, changes distance of the minimum point of housing 1 with respect to ground, housing 1 is further tilted During, housing 1 can be contacted partly with ground, so as to produce frictional force.Walking mechanism 4 drives push housing 1 to walk forward When, by the push rod elongation for controlling each push-rod assembly 3 so that housing 3 is tilted to job direction so that after inclination Housing 3 contacts generation frictional force with above ground portion, so that housing 3 is around its axis servo rotary;By controlling each push rod Component 3 synchronizes elongation, can integral raising frame 2, so as to drive the lifting of housing 1, that is, increase the minimum point of housing 1 with The distance between ground, is conducive to the climbing obstacle detouring of walking mechanism.
Specifically, the raising pusher of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction is in rotary work, such as Fig. 6 institutes Show, walking mechanism 4 is driven in frame 2 and the forward movement of housing 1, and push-rod assembly 3 extends under power drive, control is different The elongation of the push rod of push-rod assembly 3 is different, frame 2 and the housing 1 being connected with frame 2 is pushed direction to forage grass and tilts, shell The bottom of body 1 is contacted with above ground portion, housing 1 and ground resulting in friction, under the promotion of frictional force, and housing 1 can be around it Axis direction servo rotary, so as to realize the push of forage grass.
Forage grass pusher of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction is when climbing obstacle detouring, as shown in fig. 7, walking Mechanism 4 is driven in frame 2 and the forward movement of housing 1, and push-rod assembly 3 can extend under power drive;Different push-rod assemblies 3 Push rod elongation it is identical, realize the synchronous elongation of different push rods, make the lifting of frame 2 and the housing 1 being connected with frame 2, Increase the outer wall minimum point of trailing type forage grass pusher and the distance on ground, so as to conveniently realize that obstacle detouring is climbed.
Forage grass pusher of the present utility model based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, in walking mechanism walking process, passes through Control the elongation of each push rod, realize that housing is contacted with the part on ground, frictional force therebetween can drive shell around Its axis is rotated, and the forage grass pusher need not install motor and power supply, directly utilizes rubbing between housing and ground Wiping masterpiece is driving source, can be cost-effective, and simple in construction;In pushing course, housing bottom planar annular and ground into Certain angle, is partial face contact, housing not with ground parallel contact friction all the time, therefore the running resistance suffered by walking mechanism It is small, the job requirement that forage grass pushes can be reached.In addition, the utility model can reduce hand labor intensity, improve production effect Rate, and the facility of feed lot need not be transformed.
In the present embodiment, in order to increase frictional resistance when housing is contacted with above ground portion, it is considered to which the bottom of housing 1 is set It is set to elastomeric material.Specifically, housing 1 is made up of upper body 1-1 and lower case 1-2, lower case 1-2 is by rubber system Into housing.
In the present embodiment, in order to realize upper body 1-1 and lower case 1-2 connection, the outside of housing 1 is provided with covering Plate 5, upper body 1-1 and lower case 1-2 are connected with cover plate 5, and cover plate 5 is covered in lower case 1-2 outside, and It is covered in the outside of upper body 1-1 bottoms.Specifically, cover plate 5 is provided with screw, upper body 1-1 and lower case 1-2 On be equipped with screw, cover plate 5 is bolted in lower case 1-2 outside, and is bolted in upper body The outside of 1-1 bottoms.
In the present embodiment, the inwall of housing 1 is provided with circular orbit 6, and the outer end of frame 2 is provided with rail wheel 7, rail wheel 7 to Rare two, each rail wheel 7 is connected with circular orbit 6.Specifically, each outer end of frame 2 is respectively connected with wheel carrier, Rail wheel 7 is equipped with each wheel carrier;Further, circular orbit 6 is arranged on upper body 1-1 inwall, frame Outer end is provided with rail wheel 7, when walking, and housing 1 tilts and generation frictional force is contacted with above ground portion, drives housing 1 around its axle When line rotates, by the cooperation of circular orbit 6 and rail wheel 7, the circumferentially rotating around frame 2 of housing 1 is realized.Further, In order to realize being fixedly connected for circular orbit 6 and housing 1, circular orbit 6 is welded on the inwall of housing 1.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 4, in order to realize that housing 1 is circumferentially rotated around the stability of frame 2, frame 2 is T-shaped Set, three outer ends of the T-shaped frame 2 are equipped with rail wheel 7, and each rail wheel 7 coordinates with the circular orbit 6 on housing 1. When housing 1 is acted under the drive of frictional force, corresponding routing motion is produced between circular orbit 6 and rail wheel 7, so that real Rotation of the existing housing 1 around its axis.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 5, the push rod of push-rod assembly 3 is connected by oblique-top sliding seat 8 with frame 2.In order to realize The top of push-rod assembly 3 is the connection of its push rod and the bottom of frame 2, and oblique-top sliding seat 8 is set in the bottom of frame 2, and by push rod The top of the push rod of component 3 is in oblique-top sliding seat 8.
In the present embodiment, in order to realize setting of the pushing component 3 in walking mechanism 4, the bottom of pushing component 3 is provided with solid Fixed board 9, fixed plate 9 is fixedly connected with walking mechanism 4.Specifically, fixed plate 9 be provided with screw, walking mechanism 4 by bolt with Screw in fixed plate is connected.Further, when push-rod assembly 3 is set to three, three push-rod assemblies 3 are expert at Walk in mechanism 4 in isosceles triangle distribution;Now, centered on the center chassis of walking mechanism 4, push-rod assembly is at an acute angle or blunt The isosceles triangle distribution at angle, and the base of isosceles triangle and the direct of travel of walking mechanism are vertical.
In the present embodiment, push-rod assembly 3 is electric pushrod, i.e., realize the control of the elongation of push rod under power System, it is to be understood that in order to realize the action of push rod, the push-rod assembly can also be other power drive modes.
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, it is all at this not to limit the utility model Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that including housing, frame and push rod group Part;The section of the housing is circle, and the case inside connects the frame, and the housing can be circumferential around the frame Rotate;The push-rod assembly at least two, each push-rod assembly is located in walking mechanism vertically, the push-rod assembly Push rod connects the bottom of the frame;By controlling each push-rod assembly, realize the inclination of the housing so that the housing with Above ground portion contacts or realized the lifting of the housing.
2. the forage grass pusher according to claim 1 based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that the housing bag The lower case of upper body and connection upper body is included, the lower case is made up of elastomeric material.
3. the forage grass pusher according to claim 2 based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that the upper case Body and the lower case are connected by cover plate.
4. the forage grass pusher according to claim 1 based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that the housing Inwall is provided with circular orbit, and the outer end of the frame is provided with least two rail wheels, each rail wheel with the ring Shape track coordinates.
5. the forage grass pusher according to claim 4 based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that the frame is in T-shaped to set, three outer ends of the T-shaped frame are equipped with rail wheel, and each rail wheel is matched somebody with somebody with the circular orbit Close.
6. the forage grass pusher according to claim 4 based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction, it is characterised in that the circular rails Road is welded on the inwall of the housing.
7. the forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that The push rod of the push-rod assembly is connected by oblique-top sliding seat with the frame.
8. the forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that The push-rod assembly is three, and three push-rod assemblies are distributed in isosceles triangle.
9. the forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction according to any one of claim 1-6, it is characterised in that The bottom of the push-rod assembly is provided with fixed plate, and the fixed plate is fixedly connected with the walking mechanism.
10. the forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction according to any one of claim 1-6, its feature exists In the push-rod assembly is electric pushrod.
CN201720113676.0U 2017-02-07 2017-02-07 A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction Expired - Fee Related CN206491133U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106818507A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-06-13 中国农业大学 A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106818507A (en) * 2017-02-07 2017-06-13 中国农业大学 A kind of forage grass pusher based on the servo-actuated revolution of friction

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170915

Termination date: 20190207

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee